EP1529885A1 - Roadway impact attenuator - Google Patents

Roadway impact attenuator Download PDF

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Publication number
EP1529885A1
EP1529885A1 EP20040026388 EP04026388A EP1529885A1 EP 1529885 A1 EP1529885 A1 EP 1529885A1 EP 20040026388 EP20040026388 EP 20040026388 EP 04026388 A EP04026388 A EP 04026388A EP 1529885 A1 EP1529885 A1 EP 1529885A1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
impact damper
holding device
characterized
damper according
preceding
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
EP20040026388
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP1529885B1 (en
Inventor
Karl Urlberger
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SPS SCHUTZPLANKEN GmbH
Original Assignee
SPS SCHUTZPLANKEN GmbH
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE10352127 priority Critical
Priority to DE20317174U priority patent/DE20317174U1/en
Priority to DE10352127 priority
Priority to DE20317174U priority
Application filed by SPS SCHUTZPLANKEN GmbH filed Critical SPS SCHUTZPLANKEN GmbH
Publication of EP1529885A1 publication Critical patent/EP1529885A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP1529885B1 publication Critical patent/EP1529885B1/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01FADDITIONAL WORK, SUCH AS EQUIPPING ROADS OR THE CONSTRUCTION OF PLATFORMS, HELICOPTER LANDING STAGES, SIGNS, SNOW FENCES, OR THE LIKE
    • E01F15/00Safety arrangements for slowing, redirecting or stopping errant vehicles, e.g. guard posts or bollards; Arrangements for reducing damage to roadside structures due to vehicular impact
    • E01F15/14Safety arrangements for slowing, redirecting or stopping errant vehicles, e.g. guard posts or bollards; Arrangements for reducing damage to roadside structures due to vehicular impact specially adapted for local protection, e.g. for bridge piers, for traffic islands
    • E01F15/145Means for vehicle stopping using impact energy absorbers
    • E01F15/146Means for vehicle stopping using impact energy absorbers fixed arrangements

Abstract

Impact absorber (1) for traffic routes comprises a row of damping elements (2) held in at least one common holding device and displaceably arranged on at least one movement element having a fixing arrangement for fixing to a damping element. The common holding device is arranged at a height (12) above the ground that is lower than the mean internal height of the road clearance of a car. Preferred Features: The holding device is a taut steel cable (3') or a continuous rod that is arranged under the damping elements. The holding device has an upper cable (3''). The damping elements have openings for guiding the upper cable.

Description

The invention relates to a shock absorber on traffic routes in series with each other arranged damping elements, the at least one common holding device be held and on at least one moving element, the a fastening arrangement for fixing to a damping element, slidably are arranged.

A generic crash cushion is known from DE 195 25 243. In this Impact absorbers are two rows of damping elements arranged side by side in parallel. The damping elements are connected substantially rigidly together and stand up Roll. The common holding device is in this generic impact absorber formed by a rope construction, with a ground anchor in the head area of the impact damper is fixed. At the rear, the impact absorber points a support device on. The tensioning cable is essentially starting from the ground anchor directed at a 45 ° angle upwards and is from about the 4th Damping continued horizontally.

Another generic crash cushion is known from DE 37 08 861. at this damper design buffer elements are designed as a stand device and held on a floor rail. The several buffer elements are laterally on tension cables guided, between the tension cables and the buffer elements a positive Connection exists. Likewise, between the buffer elements and the Floor rail formed a positive connection. All the compounds mentioned can additionally provide friction.

The known from DE 195 25 243 device has excellent performance on, however, appears to be too yielding on a side impact laterally impinging vehicle again to steer straight ahead on the roadway.

Although known from DE 37 08 861 impact absorbers has a sufficient Damping effect, however, is by its conception not able to obliquely Forwarding vehicles forward in the direction of travel without them uncontrolled thrown back onto the road.

The invention is based on the object, a crash cushion of the type mentioned to improve so that it, without changing its damper characteristic, a good Conductivity exhibits when hit by laterally approaching vehicles becomes.

The object is achieved in that the common holding device is located at a height above the ground that is less than the average clear height of the ground clearance of a car.

Through this training can be ensured that the damper assembly is not evades when a vehicle drives laterally into the structure, wherein nonetheless it is ensured that the other damper properties are maintained unchanged stay.

Advantageously, in the at least one moving element an opening for the guide provided the at least one holding device, wherein the opening is an integral part of the mounting arrangement. It is particularly advantageous in that the fastening arrangement comprises a fastening plate in which the opening is designed to guide the common holding device. Thereby, in that the guide for the holding device is formed in the fastening arrangement is conventional damping elements can be used without any additional work should be performed on the damping elements. In a particular embodiment It can be provided that the holding device is a continuous Rod is. Particularly cost-effective, the holding device can be designed so that it is arranged below the damping elements. A cheap embodiment provides that the movement element is a sliding foot. On the other hand, however, that can Movement element having a roller, a roller or a wheel. In addition to the Guide in the lower area, the holding device may have an upper rope. Then the damping elements may have openings for guiding the upper cable.

As is known, a ground anchor is provided at the head of the crash cushion which defines both the lower part and the upper part of the holding device are. At the rear end an abutment is formed, on which both the upper rope and the lower rope, possibly the lower rod are anchored.

It is advantageous that in the head region of the crash cushion, the damping elements a Height distance from the ground, which is equal to or slightly higher than that greatest height of the front ground anchor.

Finally, it may be provided that the sliding feet both in the direction of travel as are also normally provided with a bend.

Further advantageous embodiments and features will become apparent from the following description of exemplary embodiments, which are explained in conjunction with the drawings. Show it:

Fig. 1
a side view in a schematic representation of a crash cushion according to the invention,
Fig. 2
a plan view of a ground anchor for fixing the holding device,
Fig. 3
a top view of the ground anchor without tethers or rod,
Fig. 4
a side view of the article of FIG. 3,
Fig. 4a - c
an illustration of a moving element with mounting arrangement and
Fig. 5
an arrangement of a crash cushion according to the invention with two parallel rows.

Fig. 1 shows a crash cushion 1 in a schematic representation in side view. Of the Impact damper 1 is located in front of laterally adjacent to traffic routes as objects Protective device built on the one hand, the impact of a colliding on the object Vehicles dampen and thus damage from the occupants of the vehicle On the other hand, it also serves to protect the object.

Depending on the traffic situation, the impact absorber is arranged in series one behind the other arranged damping elements 2, wherein a plurality of such rows in parallel may be provided side by side, but it may also be a V-shaped arrangement the damping elements are selected with different opening angles. The Damping elements 2 are of at least one common holding device 3 so held that in the event of an impact, which is not exactly in the direction of the axis of symmetry done, do not dodge, or the entire construction is not at one oblique start of an accident vehicle overturned or the vehicle then get hooked. The impact damper construction stands on at least one moving element 4, by means of a fastening arrangement 6 on a damping element. 2 is attached. The moving element 4 allows the displacement of the damping elements during an impact in substantially any direction.

The common holding device 3 is at a predetermined height above the ground arranged. The height 12 is less than the average in terms of their design clear height of the ground clearance of a car. The moving element 4 has an opening 5 for the guidance of the holding device 3. The guide is provided by a taut steel cable 3 ', which is fixed to a ground anchor 13 is. The ground anchor 13 is arranged in the front region 14 of the crash cushion. The other end of the steel cable 3 'is at the end of the impact damper structure 1 at fixed an abutment 19, which at the same time as an impact block of the construction serves. The cable 3 'can by suitable clamping devices to a predetermined Size to be stretched. In a particular embodiment, an upper rope is 3 " provided, which also on the ground anchor 13 as well as on the abutment 19th is fixed. The rope 3 "is first led obliquely upwards and is after the third or fourth damping element held horizontally by means of a deflection roller.

In Fig. 2 is a view of the ground anchor 13 with attached ropes 3 'and 3 "shown. It can be seen that the two cables 3 ', 3 "on the ground anchor 13 next to each other are held.

An enlarged view of the ground anchor 13 is shown in Figs. 3a and 3b. The ground anchor 13 has, as can be seen from Fig. 3a, a base plate 15th on, in which fastening holes 18 are provided at suitable locations. At These mounting holes 18 bolts are performed in the foundation be screwed. The ground anchor 13 has two bearing webs 16 ', 16 ", the at protrude beyond the edge of the base plate 15 in the illustrated embodiment. In the bearing webs 16 ', 16 "a common bearing bore 17 is formed, through which a bearing pin 22 (see FIG. 2) is inserted. To the Bearing pin 22, the ropes 3 ', 3 "fixed.

Fig. 4a - 4c shows an embodiment in front view, in plan view and in side view a movement element 4 according to the invention with a fastening arrangement 6. The mounting assembly 6 has a mounting plate 6 ', which with a Opening 5 is provided for passing the common holding device 3. The opening 5 is dimensioned so large that it is a taut steel rope or, as shown in this embodiment, a continuous rod 10 record can. At this mounting plate 6 ', the damping element 2 is fixed. In the illustrated embodiment mounting holes 20 are provided; However, it is also possible, the moving element 4 by means of a welding of the mounting plate 6 'to fix the damping element 2.

The movement element 4 is in the illustrated embodiment with a Gleitfuß 7 equipped. In one embodiment, not shown, the moving element also have a roller, a roller or a wheel. In shock direction, the Gleitfuß front on a bend 8, whereby the sliding is facilitated. Of the But Gleitfuß 7 also has at the lateral edges bends 8, which make it possible in a side impact, the arrangement of the damping elements side to move without getting caught on the ground and thus a tilting moment Experienced.

Fig. 5 shows a next embodiment, in which the holding and Movement device in a crash cushion construction with two side by side arranged rows of damping elements 2 is used. In such a case is provided that the holding devices held on separate ground anchors 13 are. In the bottom anchor shown in FIG. 5 it is shown that the two Ropes 3 'and 3 "on the bearing pin 22 are arranged side by side, but then come to lie one above the other in a common vertical plane, wherein, as can be seen from Fig. 1, the lower steel cable 3 'or, optionally as a tubular steel 10, trained horizontally weiterverläuft, the upper steel cable 3 ", however At an angle of about 45 ° guided upwards and so folded on the guide roller 21 it will continue to run parallel to the ground.

The invention is not limited in its execution to the above preferred embodiments. Rather, a number of variants are conceivable which of the illustrated solution even with fundamentally different kind Designs makes use.

LIST OF REFERENCE NUMBERS

1
crash cushions
2
damping
3 '
lower steel cable
3 '
upper steel cable
4
mover
5
Opening for the rope
6
mounting assembly
7
Glide
8th
bent-up
9
mounting plate
10
pole
11
tensioning device
12
height
13
ground anchor
14
Head area of the damper
15
Base plate of the ground anchor
16 ', 16 "
bearing webs
17
bearing bore
18
mounting holes
19
abutment
20
Mounting holes on the mounting plate
21
idler pulley
22
Bearing pin of the ground anchor

Claims (13)

  1. Impact absorbers (1) on traffic routes, arranged in series one behind the other Damping elements (2) by at least one common holding device (3) are held and on at least one movement element (4), the one Fastening arrangement (6) for fixing to a damping element (2), are arranged displaceably and the common holding device (3) in a height (12) above the ground, which is less than the average having clear height of the ground clearance of a car.
  2. Impact damper according to claim 1, characterized in that the at least one movement element (4) has at least one opening (5) for guiding the at least one common holding device (3).
  3. Impact damper according to claim 2, characterized in that the opening (5) is an integral part of the fastening arrangement (6).
  4. Impact damper according to one of claims 1 - 3, characterized in that the fastening arrangement (6) is a mounting plate (6 '), in which the opening (5) for guiding the common holding device (3) is formed.
  5. Impact damper according to one of the preceding claims 1 - 4, characterized in that the holding device (3) is a taut steel cable (3 ') or a continuous rod (10).
  6. Impact damper according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the holding device (3) is arranged below the damping elements (2).
  7. Impact damper according to at least one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the movement element (4) has a Gleitfuß (7).
  8. Impact damper according to one of claims 1-7, characterized in that the moving element (4) comprises a roller, a roller or a wheel.
  9. Impact damper according to at least one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the holding device (3) has an upper cable (3 ").
  10. Impact damper according to at least one of the preceding claims, characterized in that in the damping elements (2) openings for guiding the upper cable (3 ") are formed.
  11. Impact damper according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the holding device (3) are anchored at the head of the crash cushion on a ground anchor (13) and at the rear end of the impact damper to an abutment (19).
  12. Impact damper according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that in the head region (14) of the crash cushion, the damping elements (2) have a height distance (14 ') from the ground, which is equal to or slightly higher than the maximum height of the front ground anchor (13).
  13. Impact damper according to at least one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the sliding feet (7) are provided with a bend (8) both in the direction of travel and normally.
EP20040026388 2003-11-04 2004-11-04 Roadway impact attenuator Active EP1529885B1 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE10352127 2003-11-04
DE20317174U DE20317174U1 (en) 2003-11-04 2003-11-04 Collision buffer and damping system for installation at roadside has row of hollow cylindrical damping elements and cables connected to end fittings
DE10352127 2003-11-04
DE20317174U 2003-11-04

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP1529885A1 true EP1529885A1 (en) 2005-05-11
EP1529885B1 EP1529885B1 (en) 2009-12-09

Family

ID=34436325

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP20040026388 Active EP1529885B1 (en) 2003-11-04 2004-11-04 Roadway impact attenuator

Country Status (3)

Country Link
EP (1) EP1529885B1 (en)
AT (1) AT451501T (en)
DE (1) DE502004010483D1 (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101949138A (en) * 2010-08-16 2011-01-19 中交第一公路勘察设计研究院有限公司 Elastic-plastic steel-structured safety protection device

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3708861A1 (en) 1987-02-20 1988-10-13 Sps Schutzplanken Gmbh Multiple section buffer for railway line
EP0474432A2 (en) * 1990-09-04 1992-03-11 Energy Absorption Systems, Inc. Roadway impact attenuator
DE19525243A1 (en) 1995-07-11 1997-01-16 Sps Schutzplanken Gmbh Crash barrier for installation at side of roadway - has thrust plate to distribute impact load over series of damping elements
US6536986B1 (en) * 2001-09-24 2003-03-25 Barrier Systems, Inc. Energy absorption apparatus with collapsible modules
US20030057410A1 (en) * 2001-09-24 2003-03-27 Barrier Systems, Inc. Apparatus with collapsible modules for absorbing energy from the impact of a vehicle

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3708861A1 (en) 1987-02-20 1988-10-13 Sps Schutzplanken Gmbh Multiple section buffer for railway line
EP0474432A2 (en) * 1990-09-04 1992-03-11 Energy Absorption Systems, Inc. Roadway impact attenuator
DE19525243A1 (en) 1995-07-11 1997-01-16 Sps Schutzplanken Gmbh Crash barrier for installation at side of roadway - has thrust plate to distribute impact load over series of damping elements
US6536986B1 (en) * 2001-09-24 2003-03-25 Barrier Systems, Inc. Energy absorption apparatus with collapsible modules
US20030057410A1 (en) * 2001-09-24 2003-03-27 Barrier Systems, Inc. Apparatus with collapsible modules for absorbing energy from the impact of a vehicle

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101949138A (en) * 2010-08-16 2011-01-19 中交第一公路勘察设计研究院有限公司 Elastic-plastic steel-structured safety protection device
CN101949138B (en) * 2010-08-16 2014-06-11 西安中交土木科技有限公司 Elastic-plastic steel-structured safety protection device

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
EP1529885B1 (en) 2009-12-09
AT451501T (en) 2009-12-15
DE502004010483D1 (en) 2010-01-21

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