EP1493074A2 - Input device, system and method for controlling objects that can be displayed on a display - Google Patents

Input device, system and method for controlling objects that can be displayed on a display

Info

Publication number
EP1493074A2
EP1493074A2 EP20030722433 EP03722433A EP1493074A2 EP 1493074 A2 EP1493074 A2 EP 1493074A2 EP 20030722433 EP20030722433 EP 20030722433 EP 03722433 A EP03722433 A EP 03722433A EP 1493074 A2 EP1493074 A2 EP 1493074A2
Authority
EP
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
input device
characterized
particular
actuating
display
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
EP20030722433
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Inventor
Bernd FRÖLICH
Andreas Simon
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Fraunhofer Gesellschaft zur Forderung der Angewandten Forschung
Original Assignee
Fraunhofer Gesellschaft zur Forderung der Angewandten Forschung
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F3/00Input arrangements for transferring data to be processed into a form capable of being handled by the computer; Output arrangements for transferring data from processing unit to output unit, e.g. interface arrangements
    • G06F3/01Input arrangements or combined input and output arrangements for interaction between user and computer
    • G06F3/03Arrangements for converting the position or the displacement of a member into a coded form
    • G06F3/033Pointing devices displaced or positioned by the user, e.g. mice, trackballs, pens or joysticks; Accessories therefor
    • G06F3/0346Pointing devices displaced or positioned by the user, e.g. mice, trackballs, pens or joysticks; Accessories therefor with detection of the device orientation or free movement in a 3D space, e.g. 3D mice, 6-DOF [six degrees of freedom] pointers using gyroscopes, accelerometers or tilt-sensors
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06FELECTRIC DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING
    • G06F3/00Input arrangements for transferring data to be processed into a form capable of being handled by the computer; Output arrangements for transferring data from processing unit to output unit, e.g. interface arrangements
    • G06F3/01Input arrangements or combined input and output arrangements for interaction between user and computer
    • G06F3/03Arrangements for converting the position or the displacement of a member into a coded form
    • G06F3/033Pointing devices displaced or positioned by the user, e.g. mice, trackballs, pens or joysticks; Accessories therefor
    • G06F3/0338Pointing devices displaced or positioned by the user, e.g. mice, trackballs, pens or joysticks; Accessories therefor with detection of limited linear or angular displacement of an operating part of the device from a neutral position, e.g. isotonic or isometric joysticks

Abstract

The invention relates to an input device, a system and a method especially for controlling an object that can be displayed on a display. According to the invention, a center section and associated actuating members have a substantially similar cross-section or diameter and are disposed one behind the other and/or the actuating members can be additionally elastically deformed, thereby allowing for an easy handling of the device and system even in complicated control situations.

Description

Input device, system and method for controlling displayable on a display objects

The present invention relates to an input device according to the preamble of claim 1 or 7, a system according to the preamble of claim 11 and a method for controlling in particular two on a display displayable objects by means of a manually operable, freely in space movable input device.

The present invention relates generally to manually-operable input device for generating control signals, or for control. In particular, the input devices of the control of computer representations ariimierten or computer generated games, objects or the like are used., Preferably from particular graphical objects on a display screen or the like, such as an image. Input Devices in the aforementioned sense are, therefore, for example, so-called mice.

The present invention is primarily directed to three-dimensional applications. Therefore, the input device is preferably free - directions ie in all three spatial - movable. The input device then has three translational degrees of freedom (three axes) and three rotational degrees of freedom (three axes). These degrees of freedom are hereinafter also referred to simply as axes.

WO 00/14676 Al, which forms the starting point of the present invention, discloses an input device with a cube-shaped housing and the rod-shaped actuators, the center centered along the orthogonal spatial axes project from the side surfaces of the housing. The paired opposite actuators are actuated along their common direction of extension - if necessary against the force of a return spring - and are used to control a translational displacement in a direction, that the control of an axis. By longitudinal displacement of the actuating members in total a translational displacement can be one represented by a display device can be controlled in three axes.

BESTATIGUNGSKOPIE Further, the rod-shaped actuators associated therewith or sleeves are rotated to control a specific rotatory motion of the object shown in the conventional input device.

Thus, each actuator is provided for controlling a maximum of two axes. For complex applications, and in particular for control of six axes, and more a plurality of actuators are necessary, whereby the operation of the input device more difficult and in particular no intuitive operation is possible.

The well-known input device further comprises a position detection sensor for detecting the orientation and / or position of the housing. The sensor generates a corresponding control signal for the display device for orienting the object on the display device according to the orientation of and position of the housing. A further or other processing of the position signals is not provided.

EP 0979990 A2 discloses a stationary force-torque sensor comprising a cap-shaped actuating member. The actuating member is movable in six axes, or actuated, and the sensor can detect this actuation and output corresponding control signals for control purposes. This sensor is maintained usually by a stationary part such as a mounting plate, or a quasi-stationary part such as a robot arm or the like.,.

The present invention is based on the object, an input device, a system and method for generating control signals, in particular for the control of displayable on a display of objects or to provide a computer, wherein a simple, particularly intuitive operation or handling of the input device is made possible and, in particular, complex operations can be controlled without a grasping of an operator is required.

The above object is achieved by an input device according to claim 1 or 7, a system according to claim 11 or a method according to claim fourteenth Advantageous developments are the subject of the dependent claims. An essential idea of ​​the present invention is that two actuating members and preferably arranged in between the central portion of the input device are arranged one behind the other, wherein it least a to-have substantially similar cross-section or diameter and / or a disk or are annular.

Preferably, have the actuators and the central portion on a common axis of symmetry. Preferably, the input device on a total together with an at least substantially rod-like or cylindrical shape or outer contour.

However, the actuating members, according to a variant embodiment also to one another and / or relative to the central portion in diameter, in cross section, in the outer contour, in the color, the material and / or vary in the surface condition or haptic, in particular to allow their discernment.

Alternatively or additionally, at least one actuator can also be partially elastically deformable itself, whereby deformation for generating corresponding actuating signals can be detected, in particular in the manner of so-called soft keys.

The proposed solution is very ergonomically designed and allows egg ne relatively simple, in particular largely intuitive operation or control, preferably of graphic objects or the like. On a screen or other display.

According to a particularly preferred embodiment, the input device on at least two such actuating members for controlling at least three axes. This allows, for example, the independent control of two objects without a grasping of the operator on the input device is in this case required for relatively easy handling.

A particularly preferred embodiment provides actuating force each actuator having an associated actuating sensor for detecting the manual loading and / or moments for at least three axes, preferably form four or six axes, and further, to employ a position sensor for detecting the orientation of the input device, by at least the absolute (i.e. actual) to determine the direction of the force acting on the input device or to the JE stays awhile actuator actuating forces and / or moments. Next, the amount of operating forces and moments is then detected. Accordingly, control signals can be provided, allowing the applied taking into account the absolute direction or manipulation of controls on a display, such as a screen, objects shown.

A further aspect is therefore to detect actuation forces / torques and to combine with the absolute direction of actuation by considering the location signals provided by the position sensor to a largely realism control, particularly the manipulation of a graphical object, for example on a screen or in any other projection to enable.

Further advantages, features, properties and aspects of the present inven- tion will become apparent from the following description of a preferred embodiment with reference to the drawing. It shows:

Fig. 1 is a schematic side view of a proposed input device;

Figure 2 is a schematic end view of the input device of FIG. 1. and

Fig. 3 is a schematic view of a proposed system with the input device, a display and a computer.

In the figures, same reference numerals are used for identical or similar parts, corresponding or comparable advantages are achieved even if a repeated description is partially omitted for simplicity.

Fig. 1 shows a proposed invention, preferably a portable input device 1 in a schematic side view. In the illustrated example of FIG. 3, the input device 1 serves for controlling at least one displayed on a display 2, graphical Object 3, preferably 3. several objects In the display 2, it is in particular a screen or the like. However comes, any other projection into consideration.

In the depicted example, the input device 1 and the display 2 are associated with applying a Steuerangsfunktionen computer 4, in particular connected to it. The connection may, for example, via cable or particular to one input device wirelessly, for example, or radio or light, take place.

Referring to FIG. 1 1, the input device a central portion 5 and minde- least an actuating member 6, here two actuators 6 on.

Each actuator 6 is in at least three axes, preferably four axes and in the embodiment shown in six axes relative to the central portion 5 can be moved or operated.

The actuators 6 are resiliently mounted directly or indirectly in the embodiment shown the central section 5 and held.

The operation of an operation member 6 is indicated by an associated unauthorized activation sensor 7 as shown in Fig. 1, can be detected. The term "sensor" is to be understood that it is, is a suitable detection or sensors, in particular electronics enabling a sufficiently accurate detection of an actuation of the associated actuator 6 herein in a broad sense.

For clarification, it is pointed out that the actuators 6 are tilted in the embodiment shown preferably in all three spatial directions translatory displaceable and around these axes, thus permitting an operation in six axes. A corresponding detection to ER- possible is preferably formed according to EP 0979990 A2 of each actuator 6 associated actuating sensor 7 and the assembly formed by an actuator 6 and the associated actuating sensor. 7 This publication is incorporated herein as a supplementary disclosure.

Depending on requirements, the actuating member 6 and the associated actuating sensor 7 may be constructed in any other, or suitably realized.

According to a further, also independently realizable aspect of an actuator 6 may be additionally itself also partially elastically deformable minde- least, with deformations of the associated actuating sensor 7 for generating corresponding actuating signals can be detected, in particular in the manner of so-called soft keys. This additional functionality may be used to control other functions of other objects 3 or the like..

In addition, or alternatively, the input device 1 also other actuators, switches or the like. Have.

The two actuators 6 may, in particular for controlling different functions and / or objects found 3 use. Correspondingly, the actuating elements 4 and / or their associated actuating sensors 7 may have different properties, evaluations, or the like.. For example, the two actuating members 6 can feedback with different path-dependent and / or or active (ie, from the controlled object 3 - for example, the speed of which - dependent) forces and spring rates, movable relative to the central portion 5, in particular, tiltable or rotatable and / or displaceable, be.

In the embodiment shown each of the actuators 6 is assigned a separate or its own operation sensor. 7 Depending on the embodiment, however, only a single sensor may also be 7 for detecting the actuation of two actuating members 6 if necessary. The actuation sensors 7 are arranged in the embodiment shown in the central portion. 5 However, this is not mandatory. Rather, the arrangement can be adapted to the particular technical conditions.

The actuation sensors 7 are preferably designed such that the forces acting on the actuators 6 upon actuation of actuating forces and moments can be detected, namely the amount and direction. Thus, in particular, force-torque sensors. The actuation sensors 7 can generate respective control signals or output.

According to the proposal the input device 1 is associated with a position sensor 8 for detecting or determining at least the orientation and in particular the position of the input device 1 and to generate respective position signals. In the embodiment shown, the position sensor 8 is also arranged in the input device 1, in particular integrated in the central portion 5 and installed as indicated in Fig. 1.

Alternatively, the position sensor 8 may be arranged outside the input device 1 and, for example, by suitable cameras, other tracking systems, or the like. Be formed.

According to a further variant embodiment of the position sensor 8 may be formed by an orientation sensor and a position sensor.

The position detection can source or free source fraught done. Accordingly, then the position sensor 8 operates optionally together with external sources.

The signals provided by the sensors 7, 8 can, depending on the required, at the input device 1 and / or in the associated computer 4 or other device converted, processed and / or evaluated. The signals can then be output to the computer 4 and / or the display 2 for example via the indicated in Fig. 1 cable 9.

Alternatively, a wireless transmission of signals may be indicated, for example, provided for example by an evaluation and / or transmission device 10, as in FIG. 1. will be discussed in more detail later in the evaluation and use of signals or provided by the sensors 7, 8 recorded values.

Preferably, the actuators 6 and the central portion 5 are similar in at least substantially cross-section or diameter and are arranged behind one another, as shown in FIG. 1.

In particular, the input device 1 is at least substantially rod-shaped or, as indicated in Fig. 1 and 2, cylindrical. Here, the actuators 6 and the central portion 5 are preferably disc or ring-shaped and have a common axis of symmetry 11. However, other geometric shapes and / or arrangements are possible.

The actuators 6 are arranged on opposite sides of the central portion 5 in the illustrated embodiment. Between the central portion 5 and each of the actuators 6, a gap may be formed depending on the configuration of the input device. 1 the adjacent portions or edges preferably overlap, however, at least partly to at least substantially prevent the penetration of dirt or the like.. If desired, also an elastic intermediate piece or the like. For filling or bridging of said gap can be provided.

The actuators 6 are formed at least like a cap in the illustrated embodiment substantially. The actuators 6 and the central portion 5 are, in particular outer bearing surfaces or circumferential surfaces 12 to the radial contact of fingers 13 on the operation of the input device 1, as indicated in Fig. 1 by way of example, where an operator, however, does not ones shown, is.

The longitudinal extension of the fingers 13 runs while holding / operation preferably substantially 1. If the input device 1 is held between two facing hands of an operator, not shown, parallel to the symmetry axis 11 of the input device, the fingers 13 of both sides in each case an actuating member 6 and the encroach central portion. 5 By slightly radial opening and closing of the fingers 13 in the area of ​​the central portion 5, the relative movement of an actuating member 6 to the central portion 5 can be released as needed or blocked. Accordingly, a very diverse operation of the input device 1 is made possible without changing the grip.

However, it may also be sufficient merely an actuating member 6 with a hand or fingers to hold 13 of a hand or support.

That according to the proposal input device 1 allows an ergonomic point of a very simple and as programmed or further processing of the signals generated and intuitive operation and handling.

In the further processing of the actuation sensors 7 and the position sensor 8 signals provided or detected values ​​of the forces acting on the actuators 6 forces and / or moments are preferably determined according to magnitude and direction, by considering the location signals provided by the position sensor 8 taking into account the current orientation of the input device 1 or actual desired direction of the forces and moments can be determined, so the absolute direction in particular with respect to the coordinate system of the earth, or optionally of the printing area of ​​the controlled object. 3

The absolute actuation forces or moments are then used to control or manipulation of at least one object 3 as indicated in Fig. 3 was used. For example, it is, in the illustrated car around a first object 3, which is controlled by means of an actuator 6 or manipulated. The tire of the car is a second object 3, which is then controlled with the other actuating member 6 or manipulated. Thus, it is possible lent to simulate a tire assembly with the input device 1, wherein for example the car is raised and the tire is set correctly.

Another example of a computer-controlled or -simuliertes two-body problem that can be very easily dealt with according to the proposal input device 1, is a bottle with a closure, in particular a screw, which with a corresponding retaining and / or positioning of the bottle is placed on the bottle mouth, in particular screwed, is.

However, the input device 1 and to control individual objects 3 is insertion bar, for example, for deforming a tube or a curve.

Fig. 3 shows a proposed invention system 14 comprises according to the proposal input device 1, the display 2 of objects 3 and the associated computer 4 in the embodiment shown. In addition to the input device 1, the computer 4 can also in a conventional manner via a keyboard 15, as indicated in Fig. 3, be controllable.

Instead of the indicated according to the proposal in the system 14 display 2, for example in the form of a screen or the like., Can of course be provided also other projection or production of, in particular graphic objects. 3

However, according to the proposal input device 1 is not limited to the control or manipulation of objects 3 in the aforementioned sense. Rather, the input device 1 may be used universally for Steuerangsfunktionen, for example for games, or as a musical instrument or the like. Be used. In general, the input device 1 can be used for any technical control.

In particular, a total of up to twelve axes are controlled by the two actuators. 6

Claims

claims:
1. Input device (1), in particular for controlling at least one on a display (2) representable object (3) or a computer (4), with a central portion (5) and two to the central section (5) associated manually operable actuating members (6 ), characterized in that the actuators (6) and the central portion (5) are arranged one behind the other, wherein they have an at least substantially similar cross-section or diameter and / or a disk or are annular.
2. Input device according to claim 1, characterized in that the actuators (6) and the central portion (5) have a common axis of symmetry (11).
3. Input device according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the central portion (5) between the actuating elements (6) is arranged.
4. Input device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the actuators (6) and the central portion (5) each have an outer Umfangsfiäche (12) for radial contact of fingers (13) of an operator, in particular wherein without changing the grip manual optionally blocking and unblocking the movement of an actuating member (6) relative to the central portion (5) is made possible.
5. Input device according to one of the preceding claims characterized Ge, that the actuating organs (6) against different path-dependent forces, in particular different spring rates, are operable.
6. Input device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the actuators (6) are betätig- bar independently of one another and in particular have the same functionality.
7. Input device (1), in particular for controlling at least one on a display (2) representable object (3) or a computer (4), with at least one displaceable for manual actuation and / or pivotable and rotatable actuating member (6), especially according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the actuating member (6) is at least partially elastically deformable and deformation of the actuating member (6) for generating control signals can be detected.
8. Input device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the input device (1) is a position sensor (8) for determining the orientation and in particular the position of the input device (1) or of the central portion (5) and assigned for generating corresponding position signals ,
9. input device according to any one of the preceding claims characterized Ge, that at least one actuating member (6) in at least three or four axes, preferably six axes is relatively operable to Zentralabsclmitt (5), and that acting upon actuation of this actuating member (6) forces and moments in magnitude and direction of this one actuating element (6) associated actuating sensor (7) can be detected and corresponding control signals can be output.
10. Input device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that at least one actuating member (6) against feedback and / or path-dependent forces, in particular spring force, is operable and / or that the input device (1) is portable.
11. System (14) with an input device (1), a display (2) and a computer (4), wherein the input device (1) can be represented for controlling at least one on a display (2) the object (3) (to the computer is 4) process to or with, or (the display 2) in combination, characterized in that the input device (1) is designed according to one of the preceding claims.
12. System according to claim 11, characterized in that the actuating organ (6) of the input device (1) upon actuation acting forces and / or moments with respect to their absolute direction, in particular also with regard to their amount and / or point of application, by evaluation of Location signals of the input device (1) associated position sensor (8) as control signals to the computer (4) can be determined or be output therefrom.
13. The system of claim 11 or 12, characterized in that two objects (3) are independently of one another or relative to one another by means of controllable actuators (6) of the input device (1).
14. A method for the control of, in particular two on a display (2) presentable objects (3) by means of a manually operable, freely in space movable input device (1) and an associated computer (4), wherein two actuating members (6) of the input device ( detected 1) acting forces and moments in magnitude and direction as well as the orientation of the input device (1) and are evaluated as corresponding (to the objects 3) acting taking into account the absolute direction manipulations.
15. The method according to claim 14, characterized in that the two Obwalden projects (3) are independently controlled or manipulated by means of the actuators (6).
EP20030722433 2002-04-10 2003-04-09 Input device, system and method for controlling objects that can be displayed on a display Withdrawn EP1493074A2 (en)

Priority Applications (7)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE10215796 2002-04-10
DE10215796 2002-04-10
DE10247288 2002-10-10
DE10247288 2002-10-10
DE10252960 2002-11-09
DE2002152960 DE10252960A1 (en) 2002-04-10 2002-11-09 Input device, system and method for controlling displayable on a display objects
PCT/EP2003/003685 WO2003085507A3 (en) 2002-04-10 2003-04-09 Input device, system and method for controlling objects that can be displayed on a display

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP1493074A2 true true EP1493074A2 (en) 2005-01-05

Family

ID=28794622

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP20030722433 Withdrawn EP1493074A2 (en) 2002-04-10 2003-04-09 Input device, system and method for controlling objects that can be displayed on a display

Country Status (4)

Country Link
US (1) US20050078084A1 (en)
EP (1) EP1493074A2 (en)
JP (1) JP2005522756A (en)
WO (1) WO2003085507A3 (en)

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US7786977B2 (en) * 2006-01-30 2010-08-31 Wacom Co., Ltd. Position input device, remote control device, computer system and electronic equipment
JP5237571B2 (en) * 2007-03-26 2013-07-17 株式会社タイトー game machine

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US5313230A (en) * 1992-07-24 1994-05-17 Apple Computer, Inc. Three degree of freedom graphic object controller
US5820462A (en) * 1994-08-02 1998-10-13 Nintendo Company Ltd. Manipulator for game machine
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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
WO2003085507A2 (en) 2003-10-16 application
JP2005522756A (en) 2005-07-28 application
US20050078084A1 (en) 2005-04-14 application
WO2003085507A3 (en) 2004-09-16 application

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