EP1489354A1 - Slagging combustion furnace - Google Patents

Slagging combustion furnace Download PDF

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Publication number
EP1489354A1
EP1489354A1 EP20040022570 EP04022570A EP1489354A1 EP 1489354 A1 EP1489354 A1 EP 1489354A1 EP 20040022570 EP20040022570 EP 20040022570 EP 04022570 A EP04022570 A EP 04022570A EP 1489354 A1 EP1489354 A1 EP 1489354A1
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EP
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Patent type
Prior art keywords
combustion
gas
slagging
furnace
chamber
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
EP20040022570
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German (de)
French (fr)
Inventor
Hiromitsu Cho
Hidekazu Endo
Ryuichi Ishikawa
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Ebara Corp
Original Assignee
Ebara Corp
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/02Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor with pretreatment
    • F23G5/027Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor with pretreatment pyrolising or gasifying stage
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23CMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR COMBUSTION USING FLUID FUEL OR SOLID FUEL SUSPENDED IN  A CARRIER GAS OR AIR 
    • F23C7/00Combustion apparatus characterised by arrangements for air supply
    • F23C7/02Disposition of air supply not passing through burner
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/08Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor having supplementary heating
    • F23G5/14Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor having supplementary heating including secondary combustion
    • F23G5/16Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor having supplementary heating including secondary combustion in a separate combustion chamber
    • F23G5/165Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor having supplementary heating including secondary combustion in a separate combustion chamber arranged at a different level
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • F23G5/32Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor the waste being subjected to a whirling movement, e.g. cyclonic incinerators
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23JREMOVAL OR TREATMENT OF COMBUSTION PRODUCTS OR COMBUSTION RESIDUES; FLUES
    • F23J9/00Preventing premature solidification of molten combustion residues
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G2202/00Combustion
    • F23G2202/10Combustion in two or more stages
    • F23G2202/101Combustion in two or more stages with controlled oxidant supply
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G2202/00Combustion
    • F23G2202/10Combustion in two or more stages
    • F23G2202/104Combustion in two or more stages with ash melting stage
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G2209/00Specific waste
    • F23G2209/20Medical materials
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G2209/00Specific waste
    • F23G2209/26Biowaste
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G2209/00Specific waste
    • F23G2209/28Plastics or rubber like materials
    • F23G2209/281Tyres

Abstract

The present invention relates to a slagging combustion furnace in a gasification and slagging combustion system in which wastes are gasified to produce combustible gas in a gasification furnace, and the produced combustible gas is combusted together with unburned carbon to generate molten slag in a slagging combustion furnace. The slagging combustion furnace (3) comprises a gas inlet port (20) formed in an upper portion of the side wall for introducing combustible gas (b) to produce a swirling flow of the combustible gas (b), and a plurality of gas supply nozzles (24, 25), which are open at an inner surface of the side wall and an inner surface of the top wall, for supplying gas (f) for combustion. The gas (f) for combustion is blown from the gas supply nozzles (24, 25) into the swirling flow of the combustible gas (b).

Description

    Technical Field
  • [0001]
    The present invention relates to a waste treatment system for treating wastes including municipal wastes, industrial wastes, biomass wastes, medical wastes, automobile wastes such as waste tires or shredder dust, and the like, and more particularly to a slagging combustion furnace and a method of supplying gas for combustion in the slagging combustion furnace in a gasification and slagging combustion system in which the above wastes are gasified to produce combustible gas in a gasification furnace, and the produced combustible gas is combusted or gasified together with unburned carbon accompanied by the produced combustible gas to generate ash or molten slag in a swirling-type slagging combustion furnace.
  • Background Art
  • [0002]
    FIG. 1 of the accompanying drawings schematically shows essential elements of a conventional gasification and slagging combustion system having a waste heat boiler. As shown in FIG. 1, the conventional gasification and slagging combustion system comprises a waste supply device 1, a fluidized-bed gasification furnace 2, and a swirling-type slagging combustion furnace 3 having a primary combustion chamber 4, a secondary combustion chamber 5, and a tertiary combustion chamber 6. The gasification and slagging combustion system further comprises a waste heat boiler 7, an economizer 8, a bag filter 9, an exhaust gas reheater 10, a catalytic reaction tower 11, and a stack 12.
  • [0003]
    The conventional gasification and slagging combustion system shown in FIG. 1 operates as follows: Wastes a supplied from the waste supply device 1 into the fluidized-bed gasification furnace 2 are pyrolyzed and gasified to produce combustible gas b in a fluidized bed where a fluidized medium c (such as sand) is fluidized by fluidizing air g introduced from a bottom of the fluidized-bed gasification furnace 2. The gas b produced in the fluidized-bed gasification furnace 2 is introduced into the swirling-type slagging combustion furnace 3. In the swirling-type slagging combustion furnace 3, the produced gas b is mixed with gas f for combustion in the primary combustion chamber 4 and combusted at a high temperature of about 1350°C in the secondary combustion chamber 5 to combust char contained in the produced gas b, thus melting ash contained in the char. The produced gas b is further mixed with gas f for combustion in the tertiary combustion chamber 6 and combusted therein to generate exhaust gas e. The exhaust gas e having a high temperature of about 1350°C is then introduced into the waste heat boiler 7. Incombustibles d which are contained in the wastes a and are not gasified are discharged from the lower part of the fluidized bed in the fluidized-bed gasification furnace 2 to the outside. The ash melted in the swirling-type slagging combustion furnace 3 is discharged as molten slag h from the swirling-type slagging combustion furnace 3 to the outside.
  • [0004]
    The high-temperature exhaust gas e passes successively through the waste heat boiler 7 and the economizer 8, and thus is cooled to a temperature of about 160°C. The cooled exhaust gas e is introduced into the bag filter 9 where dust such as fly ash contained in the exhaust gas e is removed. Then, the exhaust gas e is preheated to a temperature (200°C to 210°C) enough to cause a catalytic reaction. NOx and SOx contained in the exhaust gas e are removed through a reaction with ammonia in the catalytic reaction tower 11, and then the exhaust gas e is discharged from the stack 12 into the atmosphere. On the other hand, steam produced in the waste heat boiler 7 is supplied to a steam turbine (not shown) coupled to a generator to generate electric power. The generated electric power is used for operating various equipment in the gasification and slagging combustion system to save energy and also to reduce the running cost.
  • [0005]
    As shown in FIGS. 2A and 2B of the accompanying drawings, the produced gas b from the fluidized-bed gasification furnace 2 is introduced into the primary combustion chamber 4 of the swirling-type slagging combustion furnace 3 in a direction tangential to an inner wall surface thereof from a high-temperature duct 21 connected to a gas inlet port 20 defined in an upper portion of the inner wall surface of the primary combustion chamber 4, thus generating a swirling flow of the gas in the primary combustion chamber 4. The gas f for combustion is supplied to the produced gas b in the primary combustion chamber 4 at a certain angle to the swirling flow of the produced gas b from a plurality of (eight in FIGS. 2A and 2B) gas supply nozzles 22 which are mounted on the side wall of the primary combustion chamber 4 and are open at the inner wall surface of the primary combustion chamber 4 downstream of the gas inlet port 20. Thus, the produced gas b is mixed with the gas f for combustion, and combusted at a high temperature in the secondary combustion chamber 5 and the tertiary combustion chamber 6. The primary combustion chamber 4 has a burner 23 mounted on its top wall for assisting the combustion of the produced gas b in the primary combustion chamber 4.
  • [0006]
    The structure shown in FIGS. 2A and 2B is disadvantageous in that, as shown in FIGS. 3A and 3B, a clinker K, which is made from the melted ash, is adhered (or attached) to and deposited on the inner wall surface of the primary combustion chamber 4 in the vicinity of the gas supply nozzles 22, where the gas is in the state within a transitional temperature range, which is uncertain range, between melting and solidifying of solid material constituting the ash in the gas.
  • [0007]
    More specifically, molten slag is produced at a temperature of 1300°C, preferably around 1350°C for the quality of slag.
  • [0008]
    If the combustible gas containing lots of solid material exists around this nozzle 22 in the space which is within the transitional temperature between melting and solidifying of solid material constituting the ash in the gas. In the transitional temperature, a part of the ash in the gas is in a melting state, and a part of the ash remains in a solid state. Because the ambient temperature of the solid material is lower than the start temperature of slag formation, for example, 1300°C and higher than the start temperature of slag fusion, for example, 1000°C, the melting state and the solid state of the material occur, and the material becomes highly viscous. Therefore, such material is liable to be adhered or attached to the inner wall surface. That is a reason of the making formation of the clinker-like material around the nozzle.
  • [0009]
    In order to prevent the clinker-like material from being formed, it is ideal that there is no gas at the transition temperature range. However, actually, the gas introduced from the gasification furnace and having a temperature of around 650°C up to 800°C should inevitably pass through the transitional temperature range because the gas reaches an available melting temperature of slag over 1300°C. Thus, the existence of the transitional temperature range has a great effect on clogging of the gas supply nozzles 22 or the primary combustion chamber 4. When the gas supply nozzles 22 or the primary combustion chamber 4 is clogged, the gasification and slagging combustion system fails to operate normally.
  • Disclosure of Invention
  • [0010]
    The present invention has been made in view of the above drawbacks. It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide a slagging combustion furnace for use in a gasification and slagging combustion system which can prevent a clinker from being adhered to an inner wall surface of the slagging combustion furnace for thereby preventing supply nozzles for supplying gas for combustion such as combustion air and a primary combustion chamber from being clogged, and allows the gasification and slagging combustion system to operate continuously stably.
  • [0011]
    Another object of the present invention is to provide a method of supplying gas for combustion into such slagging combustion furnace.
  • [0012]
    In order to achieve the above object of the present invention, according to an aspect of the present invention, there is provided a slagging combustion furnace comprising: a side wall and a top wall; a gas inlet port formed in an upper portion of the side wall for introducing combustible gas to produce a swirling flow of the combustible gas; and a plurality of gas supply nozzles, which are open at an inner surface of the side wall and an inner surface of the top wall, for supplying gas for combustion; wherein the gas for combustion is blown from the gas supply nozzles into the swirling flow of the combustible gas.
  • [0013]
    According to the present invention, the gas for combustion is blown from the gas supply nozzles which are open at the inner surface of the side wall and the inner surface of the top wall, into the produced combustible gas to mix the gas for combustion well with the produced gas for thereby increasing the temperature of the gas quickly and minimizing the time of the gas which passes through the transitional temperature range, i.e., allowing the gas to pass through such transitional temperature range as quickly as possible, and minimizing the space, in the slagging combustion furnace, where the atmosphere is within the transitional temperature range, i.e., making such space as small as possible. With this specific arrangement of the present invention, the surface area of adhesion or attachment of clinker to the inner wall of the slagging combustion furnace is minimized, resulting in the prevention of adhesion or attachment to the inner wall surface of the slagging combustion furnace. As a result, a clinker is prevented from being adhered (or attached) to the inner wall surface of the slagging combustion furnace.
  • [0014]
    According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a slagging combustion furnace comprising: a side wall and a top wall; a gas inlet port formed in an upper portion of the side wall for introducing combustible gas to produce a swirling flow of the combustible gas; and a gas supply nozzle, which is open at an inner surface of the side wall near the gas inlet port, for supplying the combustible gas; wherein the gas for combustion is blown from the gas supply nozzle into the combustible gas introduced from the gas inlet port.
  • [0015]
    According to the present invention, the gas for combustion is blown from the gas supply nozzle which is open at the inner surface of the side wall near the gas inlet port for supplying the produced gas to mix the gas for combustion well with the produced gas for thereby increasing the temperature of the gas quickly and minimizing the time of the gas which passes through the transitional temperature range, i.e., allowing the gas to pass through such transitional temperature range as quickly as possible, and minimizing the space, in the slagging combustion furnace, where the atmosphere is within the transitional temperature range, i.e., making such space as small as possible. With this specific arrangement of the present invention, the surface area of adhesion or attachment of clinker to the inner wall of the slagging combustion furnace is minimized, resulting in the prevention of adhesion or attachment to the inner wall surface of the slagging combustion furnace. As a result, a clinker is prevented from being adhered or attached to the inner wall surface of the slagging combustion furnace.
  • [0016]
    According to a preferred aspect of the present invention, the gas supply nozzle forms a swirling flow of the gas for combustion.
  • [0017]
    Because the gas for combustion is introduced from the gas supply nozzle as a swirling flow into the produced gas, the gas for combustion is mixed well with the produced gas for thereby increasing the temperature of the gas quickly and minimizing the time of the gas which passes through the transitional temperature range, i.e., allowing the gas to pass through such transitional temperature range as quickly as possible, and minimizing the space, in the slagging combustion furnace, where the atmosphere is within the transitional temperature range, i.e., making such space as small as possible. With this specific arrangement of the present invention, the surface area of adhesion or attachment of clinker to the inner wall of the slagging combustion furnace is minimized, resulting in the prevention of adhesion or attachment to the inner wall surface of the slagging combustion furnace. As a result, a clinker is further prevented from being adhered to the inner wall surface of the slagging combustion furnace.
  • [0018]
    According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a slagging combustion furnace comprising: a side wall and a top wall; a gas inlet port formed in the side wall for introducing combustible gas; and a gas supply nozzle, which is open at an inner surface of the side wall near the gas inlet, for supplying the combustible gas; wherein the gas for combustion is blown from the gas supply nozzle into the combustible gas introduced from the gas inlet port.
  • [0019]
    According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method of supplying gas for combustion into a slagging combustion furnace, the method comprising: introducing combustible gas from a gas inlet port formed in an upper portion of a side wall of the slagging combustion furnace to produce a swirling flow of the combustible gas; and introducing gas for combustion from a plurality of gas supply nozzles which are open at an inner surface of the side wall and an inner surface of a top wall, into the swirling flow of the combustible gas.
  • [0020]
    According to the present invention, because the gas for combustion is introduced from the gas supply nozzles which are open at the inner surface of the side wall and the inner surface of the top wall of the slagging combustion furnace, into the swirling flow of the produced gas, a clinker is prevented from being adhered to the side and top walls of the slagging combustion furnace.
  • [0021]
    According to a preferred aspect of the present invention, a method of supplying gas for combustion into a slagging combustion furnace further comprises introducing gas for combustion from a gas supply nozzle which is open at an inner surface of the side wall near the gas inlet port, into the combustible gas.
  • [0022]
    According to the present invention, because the gas for combustion is introduced from the gas supply nozzle which is open at the inner surface of the side wall near the gas inlet port, into the produced gas, a clinker is further prevented from being adhered to the side and top walls of the primary combustion chamber of the slagging combustion furnace.
  • [0023]
    According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method of supplying gas into a slagging combustion furnace comprising a primary combustion chamber, a secondary combustion chamber coupled to the primary combustion chamber, and a tertiary combustion chamber coupled to the secondary combustion chamber, the method comprising: introducing combustible gas produced at an air ratio ranging from 0.2 to 0.3 from a gas inlet port formed in an upper portion of a side wall of the primary combustion chamber; and adjusting the amount of gas for combustion introduced respectively into the primary combustion chamber, the secondary combustion chamber, and the tertiary combustion chamber such that the air ratio in an upper portion of the primary combustion chamber is approximately 1.0.
  • [0024]
    According to a preferred aspect of the present invention, the tertiary combustion chamber is adjusted such that the air ratios in the secondary and tertiary combustion chambers increase from 1.0 to 1.5.
  • [0025]
    According to the present invention, the air ratio in the upper portion of the primary combustion chamber is approximately 1.0, and hence the temperature in the primary combustion chamber near the gas inlet port for introducing the produced gas is maintained at a high value of about 1300°C, thus minimizing the time of the gas which passes through the transitional temperature range, i.e., allowing the gas to pass through such transitional temperature range as quickly as possible, and minimizing the space, in the slagging combustion furnace, where the atmosphere is within the transitional temperature range, i.e., making such space as small as possible. With this specific arrangement of the present invention, the surface area of adhesion or attachment of clinker to the inner wall of the slagging combustion furnace is minimized, resulting in the prevention of adhesion or attachment to the inner wall surface of the slagging combustion furnace. If the air ratio were greater than 1.0, the temperature in the primary combustion chamber is lowered, thus tending to approach to the temperature range in which a clinker is adhered to the inner wall surface of the primary combustion chamber. Further, the amount of gas for combustion is adjusted such that the air ratios in the secondary and tertiary combustion chambers increase progressively from 1.0 to 1.5, and hence the produced gas and unburned materials such as char contained therein are completely combusted, and the temperature in the slagging combustion furnace is kept at a high value for thereby increasing the percentage of slagging.
  • [0026]
    According to still another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a gasification and slagging combustion system comprising: a fluidized-bed gasification furnace for gasifying wastes to produce combustible gas; and a slagging combustion furnace for combusting the combustible gas and melting ash contained in the combustible gas to generate molten slag; the slagging combustion furnace comprising: a side wall and a top wall; a gas inlet port formed in an upper portion of the side wall for introducing combustible gas to produce a swirling flow of the combustible gas; and a plurality of gas supply nozzles, which are open at an inner surface of the side wall and an inner surface of the top wall, for supplying gas for combustion; wherein the gas for combustion is blown from the gas supply nozzles into the swirling flow of the combustible gas.
  • [0027]
    According to still another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a gasification and slagging combustion system comprising: a fluidized-bed gasification furnace for gasifying wastes to produce combustible gas; and a slagging combustion furnace for combusting the combustible gas and melting ash contained in the combustible gas to generate molten slag; the slagging combustion furnace comprising: a side wall and a top wall; a gas inlet port formed in an upper portion of the side wall for introducing combustible gas to produce a swirling flow of the combustible gas; and a gas supply nozzle, which is open at an inner surface of the side wall near the gas inlet port, for supplying gas for combustion; wherein the gas for combustion is blown from the gas supply nozzle into the combustible gas introduced from the gas inlet port.
  • [0028]
    The above and other objects, features, and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the following description when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings which illustrate preferred embodiments of the present invention by way of example.
  • Brief Description of Drawings
  • [0029]
    • FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of essential elements of a conventional gasification and slagging combustion system having a waste heat boiler;
    • FIG. 2A is a side elevational view of a slagging combustion furnace in the conventional gasification and slagging combustion system;
    • FIG. 2B is a plan view of a primary combustion chamber of the slagging combustion furnace shown in FIG. 2A;
    • FIG. 3A is a cross-sectional view taken along line A-A of FIG. 3B;
    • FIG. 3B is a plan view showing how a clinker is adhered to and deposited on an inner wall surface of the primary combustion chamber of the slagging combustion furnace shown in FIG. 2A;
    • FIG. 4A is a side elevational view of a slagging combustion furnace in a gasification and slagging combustion system according to an embodiment of the present invention;
    • FIG. 4B is a plan view of a primary combustion chamber of the slagging combustion furnace shown in FIG. 4A;
    • FIG. 5A is a side elevational view of a slagging combustion furnace in a gasification and slagging combustion system according to another embodiment of the present invention;
    • FIG. 5B is a plan view of a primary combustion chamber of the slagging combustion furnace shown in FIG. 5A;
    • FIG. 6A is a side elevational view of a slagging combustion furnace in a gasification and slagging combustion system according to still another embodiment of the present invention;
    • FIG. 6B is a plan view of a primary combustion chamber of the slagging combustion furnace shown in FIG. 6A;
    • FIG. 7A is a side elevational view of a slagging combustion furnace in a gasification and slagging combustion system according to still another embodiment of the present invention;
    • FIG. 7B is a plan view of a primary combustion chamber of the slagging combustion furnace shown in FIG. 7A;
    • FIG. 8 is a view showing a gas supply nozzle for supplying gas for combustion used in the slagging combustion furnace according to the present invention;
    • FIG. 9A is a side elevational view, partly in cross section, of a swirler of the gas supply nozzle shown in FIG. 8;
    • FIG. 9B is a front elevational view of the swirler shown in FIG. 9A;
    • FIG. 10A is a side elevational view of a system for introducing gas for combustion into combustion chambers of the slagging combustion furnace according to the present invention; and
    • FIG. 10B is a cross-sectional view taken along line A-A of FIG. 10A.
  • Best Mode for Carrying Out the Invention
  • [0030]
    A slagging combustion furnace according to embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the drawings. FIGS. 4A and 4B through 10A and 10B show slagging combustion furnaces in a gasification and slagging combustion system according to various embodiments of the present invention. Those parts of the slagging combustion furnaces shown in FIGS. 4A and 4B through 10A and 10B which are identical to those of the conventional slagging combustion furnace shown in FIGS. 2A and 2B are denoted by identical reference numerals, and will not be described in detail below.
  • [0031]
    FIGS. 4A and 4B show a slagging combustion furnace in a gasification and slagging combustion system according to an embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIGS. 4A and 4B, the slagging combustion furnace comprises a swirling-type slagging combustion furnace 3 having a primary combustion chamber 4, a secondary combustion chamber 5, and a tertiary combustion chamber 6.
  • [0032]
    The swirling-type slagging combustion furnace 3 has a high-temperature duct 21 connected to a gas inlet port 20 defined in an upper portion of the inner wall surface of the primary combustion chamber 4. The high-temperature duct 21 serves to introduce the produced gas b supplied from the fluidized-bed gasification furnace 2 (see FIG. 1). Simultaneously, supplying a gas for combustion into the flow of the produced gas b is performed in a direction so as to be substantially along the flow of the produced gas b at the introductory part of the produced gas b in the slagging combustion furnace 3. That is, the gas for combustion is introduced into the flow of the produced gas b so as to flow in the identical direction or in substantially the same direction as the produced gas b. The swirling-type slagging combustion furnace 3 also has a plurality of (six in FIGS. 4A and 4B) gas supply nozzles 24 which are mounted on the top wall of the primary combustion chamber 4 and are open at the inner wall surface of the primary combustion chamber 4, and a plurality of (four in FIGS. 4A and 4B) gas supply nozzles 25 which are mounted on the side wall of the primary combustion chamber 4 and are open at the inner wall surface of the primary combustion chamber 4 near the gas inlet port 20.
  • [0033]
    The gas supply nozzles for supplying gas for combustion are disposed at the introduction part of the produced gas b supplied from the gasification furnace in the slagging combustion furnace. The amount of the gas for combustion supplied from the gas supply nozzles is such an amount that the supplied produced gas is substantially completely combusted (in case of air, the air ratio is 1.0), and hence combustion of the produced gas caused by supply of the gas for combustion raises rapidly the ambient temperature of the introduction part in the slagging combustion furnace to 1350°C. Therefore, the number of the gas supply nozzles is different depending on the size of the system and is not so important, and may be one or two or more.
  • [0034]
    In the swirling-type slagging combustion furnace 3 having the above structure, the produced gas b is introduced from the high-temperature duct 21 through the gas inlet port 20 into the primary combustion chamber 4 to generate a swirling flow of the produced gas b therein. At the same time, gas f for combustion comprising air, oxygen-enriched air, or oxygen is introduced from the gas supply nozzles 24 whose tip ends are open at the inner wall surface of the top wall, into the swirling flow in a direction perpendicular to the swirling flow of the produced gas b. Further, gas f for combustion is introduced from the gas supply nozzles 25 whose tip ends are open at the inner wall surface of the side wall, into the swirling flow of the produced gas b at a certain angle to the swirling flow. Since the gas f for combustion is introduced from the gas supply nozzles 24 and 25 on the top and side walls of the primary combustion chamber 4, it is well mixed with the produced gas b, thus allowing the produced gas b to be combusted quickly and achieving temperature rise quickly, and minimizing the time of the gas which passes through the transitional temperature range, i.e., allowing the gas to pass through such transitional temperature range as quickly as possible, and minimizing the space, in the slagging combustion furnace, where the atmosphere is within the transitional temperature range, i.e., making such space as small as possible. With this specific arrangement of the present invention, the surface area of adhesion or attachment of clinker to the inner wall of the slagging combustion furnace is minimized, resulting in the prevention of adhesion or attachment to the inner wall surface of the primary combustion chamber 4 and furthermore the inner wall surface toward the outlet where the melted ash (i.e. slag) is discharged.
  • [0035]
    FIGS. 5A and 5B show a slagging combustion furnace in a gasification and slagging combustion system according to another embodiment of the present invention. The slagging combustion furnace shown in FIGS. 5A and 5B differs from the slagging combustion furnace shown in FIGS. 4A and 4B in that it additionally has a vertical array of (three in FIGS. 5A and 5B) gas supply nozzles 26 which are mounted on the side wall of the primary combustion chamber 4 and are open at the inner wall surface of the primary combustion chamber 4 on one side of the gas inlet port 20 in the vicinity of the gas inlet port 20. The gas supply nozzles 26 serve to introduce gas f for combustion comprising air, oxygen-enriched air, or oxygen so as to be across the gas inlet port 20. In the case where the produced gas b has a low calorific value, as the content of N2 which is not related to the combustion is low, the gas f for combustion supplied from the gas supply nozzles 26 allows the produced gas b to be combusted efficiently for thereby achieving high temperature quickly. In addition to the advantages offered by the slagging combustion furnace shown in FIGS. 4A and 4B, the slagging combustion furnace shown in FIGS. 5A and 5B also offers the advantage that it is capable of preventing a clinker from being adhered to the vicinity of the gas inlet port 20.
  • [0036]
    FIGS. 6A and 6B show a slagging combustion furnace in a gasification and slagging combustion system according to still another embodiment of the present invention. The slagging combustion furnace shown in FIGS. 6A and 6B differs from the slagging combustion furnace shown in FIGS. 5A and 5B in that it additionally has two vertical arrays of (six in FIGS. 6A and 6B) gas supply nozzles 26 and 27 which are mounted on the side wall of the primary combustion chamber 4 and are open at the inner wall surface of the primary combustion chamber 4 on both sides of the gas inlet port 20 in the vicinity of the gas inlet port 20. The gas supply nozzles 26 serve to introduce the gas f for combustion comprising air, oxygen-enriched air, or oxygen so as to be across the gas inlet port 20, and the gas supply nozzles 27 serve to introduce the gas f for combustion at a certain angle to the swirling flow of the produced gas b. In addition to the advantages offered by the slagging combustion furnace shown in FIGS. 5A and 5B, the slagging combustion furnace shown in FIGS. 6A and 6B also offers the advantage that it is capable of effectively preventing a clinker from being attached to the inner wall surface of the primary combustion chamber 4 in the vicinity of the gas inlet port 20.
  • [0037]
    FIGS. 7A and 7B show a slagging combustion furnace in a gasification and slagging combustion system according to still another embodiment of the present invention. The slagging combustion furnace shown in FIGS. 7A and 7B differs from the slagging combustion furnace shown in FIGS. 6A and 6B in that the gas supply nozzles 27 have tip ends 27a bent so as to cause the gas f for combustion introduced therefrom to flow in substantially the same direction as the produced gas b introduced from the gas inlet port 20. In addition to the advantages offered by the slagging combustion furnace shown in FIGS. 6A and 6B, the slagging combustion furnace shown in FIGS. 7A and 7B also offers the advantage that it is capable of more effectively preventing a clinker from being adhered to the inner wall surface of the primary combustion chamber 4 in the vicinity of the gas inlet port 20.
  • [0038]
    FIGS. 8, 9A and 9B show one of the gas supply nozzles 25 which supply gas for combustion and are identical to each other. As shown in FIG. 8, the gas supply nozzle 25 has an outer tube 25a, an inner tube 25c disposed in the outer tube 25a, and a swirler 25b attached to a distal end of the inner tube 25c. An outlet tube 25e is connected to the swirler 25d and disposed in the outer tube 25a which is open at the inner wall surface of the primary combustion chamber 4. A gas inlet tube 25g for introducing the gas f for combustion is connected to the outer tube 25a, and the outer tube 25a has a rear end closed by a lid 25b remotely from the primary combustion chamber 4.
  • [0039]
    As shown in FIGS. 9A and 9B, the swirler 25d comprises a boss 25d-3 fixed to the tip end of the inner tube 25c, a ring plate 25d-1 disposed around the boss 25d-3, and a plurality of swirling vanes 25d-2 disposed between and joined to the boss 25d-3 and the ring plate 25d-1 for producing a swirling flow of the gas for combustion.
  • [0040]
    The gas supply nozzle 25 operates as follows: The gas f for combustion introduced from the gas inlet tube 25g passes through the gap between the outer tube 25a and the inner tube 25c to the swirler 25d, and is turned by the swirling vanes 25d-2 into a helical swirling flow. Then, the gas f for combustion is introduced in the swirling flow through the outlet tube 25e into the primary combustion chamber 4.
  • [0041]
    Since the gas f for combustion is introduced as a swirling flow from the gas supply nozzle 25 into the primary combustion chamber 4, the gas f for combustion is well mixed with the produced gas b, thus allowing the produced gas b to be combusted quickly and achieving temperature rise quickly. Consequently, the temperature range in which a clinker is adhered to the inner wall surface of the primary combustion chamber 4 is minimized. Each of the gas supply nozzles 24, 26 and 27 described above should preferably be of a structure identical or similar to the gas supply nozzle 25 shown in FIGS. 8, 9A and 9B.
  • [0042]
    In each of the above embodiments, the swirling-type slagging combustion furnace 3 is of a substantially U-shaped configuration in which the primary combustion chamber 4, the secondary combustion chamber 5, and the tertiary combustion chamber 6 are successively arranged. However, the swirling-type slagging combustion furnace according to the present invention is not limited to the illustrated structure, but may be of any structure capable of introducing produced combustible gas from a gas inlet port in a side wall thereof and generating a swirling flow of the produced combustible gas.
  • [0043]
    FIGS. 10A and 10B show a system for introducing gas for combustion into the combustion chamber of the slagging combustion furnace according to the present invention. FIG. 10A is a side cross-sectional view of the slagging combustion furnace, and FIG. 10B is a cross-sectional view taken along line A-A. As shown in FIG. 10A, the system includes a blower 30 for supplying gas f (mainly air) for combustion, a damper 31 connected to the blower 30, and flow control valves 32, 33, 34 and 35 connected to the damper 31 for supplying the gas f for combustion to the gas inlet port 20, the primary combustion chamber 4 coupled to the gas inlet port 20, the secondary combustion chamber 5 coupled to the primary combustion chamber 4, and the tertiary combustion chamber 6 coupled to the secondary combustion chamber 5.
  • [0044]
    As shown in FIG. 10B, the produced gas b flows through the high-temperature duct 21 and is introduced from the gas inlet port 20 at a speed of 15 m/s to 25 m/s, preferably 18 m/s to 20 m/s into the primary combustion chamber 4, and the gas f for combustion is introduced from the gas supply nozzles 26 and 27 into the gas inlet port 20, thereby forming flames 39 in the primary combustion chamber 4 of the swirling-type slagging combustion furnace 3. The gas f for combustion is blown such that the air ratio A·R in the upper portion of the primary combustion chamber 4 is in the range of 0.8 to 1.1, preferably 0.9 to 1.0. The air ratio is defined as the ratio of the amount of supplied air to the amount of air, which is set to 1.0, required to completely convert combustibles in the wastes into H2O and CO2 by way of combustion.
  • [0045]
    With the gas f for combustion thus introduced, the temperature in the primary combustion chamber 4 including the area near the gas inlet port 20 can be maintained at a high value of about 1300°C or higher, thus minimizing the time of the gas which passes through the transitional temperature range, i.e., allowing the gas to pass through such transitional temperature range as quickly as possible, and minimizing the space, in the slagging combustion furnace, where the atmosphere is within the transitional temperature range, i.e., making such space as small as possible. With this specific arrangement of the present invention, the surface area of adhesion or attachment of clinker to the inner wall of the slagging combustion furnace is minimized, resulting in the prevention of adhesion or attachment to the inner wall surface of the slagging combustion furnace. If the air ratio were greater than 1.0, the amount of air which does not contribute to combustion would increase, and the cooling effect caused by air would also increase, thus lowering the temperature in the primary combustion chamber 4 and tending to expand the temperature range in which a clinker is adhered to the inner wall surface of the primary combustion chamber 4.
  • [0046]
    The air ratio A·R is increased successively in the secondary combustion chamber 5 and the tertiary combustion chamber 6. Specifically, the air ratio A·R in the secondary combustion chamber 5 is set to a value ranging from 0.9 to 1.3, preferably from 1.0 to 1.2, and the air ratio A·R in the tertiary combustion chamber 6 is set to a value ranging from 1.2 to 1.7, preferably from 1.3 to 1.5. When the air ratio A·R is set to a value ranging from 0.9 to 1.3, preferably from 1.0 to 1.2 until the molten slag h is discharged from a slag outlet port 40, the temperature in the secondary combustion chamber 5 up to the slag outlet port 40 is maintained at a maximum level, thus allowing the molten slag h to be discharged downwardly stably. In consideration of discharge of the exhaust gas to the outside of the stack, adding the gas for combustion in the high temperature is effective to combust a small amount of unburned CO (carbon monoxide) in almost all combusted gas in the slagging combustion furnace. Thus, the air ratio is set to a value ranging from 1.2 to 1.7, preferably from 1.3 to 1.5, while keeping the slagging combustion furnace at a high temperature. That is, the air ratio A·R in the tertiary combustion chamber 6 is set to a large value ranging from 1.3 to 1.5, whereby unburned CO is effectively combusted, and pyrolyzed gas and char are completely combusted without lack of air for combustion, even if the wastes are fluctuated in the supplied amount or quality.
  • [0047]
    By progressively increasing the air ratio A·R in the slagging combustion furnace 3 successively through the primary combustion chamber 4, the secondary combustion chamber 5, and the tertiary combustion chamber 6 from A·R=1.3 to A·R=1.5, the gas f for combustion is supplied in an excessive amount to absorb variations in the supplied amount of wastes and minimize any reduction in the temperature in the slagging combustion furnace 3. Therefore, the produced gas b and unburned materials such as char contained therein can be completely combusted, and the temperature in the slagging combustion furnace 3 can be kept at a high level for thereby increasing the percentage of slagging.
  • [0048]
    As shown in FIG. 10A, thermometers 36, 37 and 38 are mounted on the top wall of the primary combustion chamber 4, the wall of the secondary combustion chamber 5, and the wall of the tertiary combustion chamber 6, respectively, for measuring the temperatures in these combustion chambers. Each of the thermometers 36, 37 and 38 may comprise a thermocouple or a radiation thermometer. The temperatures in the combustion chambers may alternatively be calculated from the temperature of the exhaust gas discharged from the slagging combustion furnace 3 using the amount of recovered heat and the amount of cooling air that is used. The above ranges of the air ratio can be controlled using the temperatures thus measured or calculated.
  • [0049]
    According to the present invention, the following excellent effects can be obtained.
    • 1) The gas for combustion is blown from the gas supply nozzles which are open at the inner surface of the side wall and the inner surface of the top wall, into the produced combustible gas to mix the gas for combustion well with the produced gas for thereby increasing the temperature of the gas quickly and minimizing the temperature range in which a clinker is adhered (or attached) to the inner wall surface of primary combustion chamber of the slagging combustion furnace. As a result, a clinker is prevented from being adhered or attached to the inner wall surface of the slagging combustion furnace. Consequently, the gasification and slagging combustion system can be stably operated continuously.
    • 2) The gas for combustion is blown from the gas supply nozzle which is open at the inner surface of the side wall near the gas inlet port for supplying the produced gas to mix the gas for combustion well with the produced gas for thereby increasing the temperature of the gas quickly and minimizing the temperature range in which a clinker is adhered or attached to the inner wall surface of the slagging combustion furnace. As a result, a clinker is prevented from being adhered or attached to the inner wall surface of the slagging combustion furnace. Consequently, the gasification and slagging combustion system can be stably operated continuously.
    • 3) Because the gas for combustion is introduced from the gas supply nozzle as a swirling flow into the produced gas, the gas for combustion is mixed well with the produced gas for thereby increasing the temperature of the gas quickly and minimizing the temperature range in which a clinker is adhered to the inner wall surface of the slagging combustion furnace. As a result, a clinker is further prevented from being adhered to the inner wall surface of the slagging combustion furnace.
    • 4) Because the gas for combustion is introduced from the gas supply nozzles which are open at the inner surface of the side wall and the inner surface of the top wall of the slagging combustion furnace, into the swirling flow of the produced gas, a clinker is prevented from being adhered to the side and top walls of the slagging combustion furnace.
    • 5) Because the gas for combustion is introduced from the gas supply nozzle which is open at the inner surface of the side wall near the gas inlet port, into the produced gas, a clinker is further prevented from being adhered to the side and top walls of the slagging combustion furnace.
    • 6) The air ratio in the upper portion of the primary combustion chamber is approximately 1.0, and hence the temperature in the primary combustion chamber near the gas inlet port for introducing the produced gas is maintained at a high value of about 1300°C, thus minimizing the temperature range in which a clinker is adhered or attached to the inner wall surface of the primary combustion chamber. Further, the amount of gas for combustion is adjusted such that the air ratios in the secondary and tertiary combustion chambers increase progressively from 1.0 to 1.5, and hence the produced gas and unburned materials such as char contained therein are completely combusted, and the temperature in the slagging combustion furnace is kept at a high value for thereby increasing the percentage of slagging.
  • [0050]
    Although certain preferred embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described in detail, it should be understood that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the scope of the appended claims.
  • Industrial Applicability
  • [0051]
    The present invention is applicable to a slagging combustion furnace in a gasification and slagging combustion system in which wastes including municipal wastes, industrial wastes, biomass wastes, medical wastes, automobile wastes such as waste tires or shredder dust, and the like are gasified to produce combustible gas in a gasification furnace, and the produced combustible gas is combusted or gasified together with unburned carbon accompanied by the combustible gas to generate ash or molten slag in a swirling-type slagging combustion furnace.

Claims (20)

  1. A slagging combustion furnace comprising:
    a side wall and a top wall;
    a gas inlet port formed in an upper portion of said side wall for introducing combustible gas to produce a swirling flow of said combustible gas; and
    a plurality of gas supply nozzles, which are open at an inner surface of said side wall and an inner surface of said top wall, for supplying gas for combustion;
       wherein said gas for combustion is blown from said gas supply nozzles into said swirling flow of said combustible gas.
  2. A slagging combustion furnace according to claim 1, wherein said combustible gas is produced by gasifying wastes in a gasification furnace, and then supplied to said gas inlet port.
  3. A slagging combustion furnace according to claim 1, wherein said combustible gas is combusted by said gas for combustion and ash in said combustible gas is melted to produce molten slag.
  4. A slagging combustion furnace according to claim 1, wherein said gas supply nozzle forms a swirling flow of said gas for combustion.
  5. A slagging combustion furnace according to claim 4, wherein said gas supply nozzle comprises a swirler having vanes for producing said swirling flow of said gas for combustion.
  6. A slagging combustion furnace according to claim 1, wherein said slagging combustion furnace comprises a primary combustion chamber, a secondary combustion chamber coupled to the primary combustion chamber, and a tertiary combustion chamber coupled to the secondary combustion chamber; and the amount of said gas for combustion introduced respectively into said primary combustion chamber, said secondary combustion chamber, and said tertiary combustion chamber is adjusted such that the air ratio in an upper portion of said primary combustion chamber is approximately 1.0 and the air ratios in the secondary and tertiary combustion chambers increase progressively from 1.0 to 1.5.
  7. A slagging combustion furnace comprising:
    a side wall and a top wall;
    a gas inlet port formed in an upper portion of said side wall for introducing combustible gas to produce a swirling flow of said combustible gas; and
    a gas supply nozzle, which is open at an inner surface of said side wall near said gas inlet port, for supplying said combustible gas;
       wherein said gas for combustion is blown from said gas supply nozzle into said combustible gas introduced from said gas inlet port.
  8. A slagging combustion furnace according to claim 7, wherein said combustible gas is produced by gasifying wastes in a gasification furnace, and then supplied to said gas inlet port.
  9. A slagging combustion furnace according to claim 7, wherein said combustible gas is combusted by said gas for combustion and ash in said 'combustible gas is melted to produce molten slag.
  10. A slagging combustion furnace according to claim 7, wherein said gas supply nozzle forms a swirling flow of said gas for combustion.
  11. A slagging combustion furnace according to claim 10, wherein said gas supply nozzle comprises a swirler having vanes for producing said swirling flow of said gas for combustion.
  12. A slagging combustion furnace according to claim 7, wherein said slagging combustion furnace comprises a primary combustion chamber, a secondary combustion chamber coupled to the primary combustion chamber, and a tertiary combustion chamber coupled to the secondary combustion chamber; and the amount of said gas for combustion introduced respectively into said primary combustion chamber, said secondary combustion chamber, and said tertiary combustion chamber is adjusted such that the air ratio in an upper portion of said primary combustion chamber is approximately 1.0.
  13. A slagging combustion furnace according to claim 12, wherein said tertiary combustion chamber is adjusted such that the air ratios in the secondary and tertiary combustion chambers increase from 1.0 to 1.5.
  14. A slagging combustion furnace comprising:
    a side wall and a top wall;
    a gas inlet port formed in said side wall for introducing combustible gas; and
    a gas supply nozzle, which is open at an inner surface of said side wall near said gas inlet, for supplying said combustible gas;
       wherein said gas for combustion is blown from said gas supply nozzle into said combustible gas introduced from said gas inlet port.
  15. A method of supplying gas for combustion into a slagging combustion furnace, the method comprising:
    introducing combustible gas from a gas inlet port formed in an upper portion of a side wall of said slagging combustion furnace to produce a swirling flow of said combustible gas; and
    introducing gas for combustion from a plurality of gas supply nozzles which are open at an inner surface of said side wall and an inner surface of a top wall, into said swirling flow of said combustible gas.
  16. A method according to claim 15, further comprising: introducing gas for combustion from a gas supply nozzle which is open at an inner surface of said side wall near said gas inlet port, into said combustible gas.
  17. A method of supplying gas into a slagging combustion furnace comprising a primary combustion chamber, a secondary combustion chamber coupled to the primary combustion chamber, and a tertiary combustion chamber coupled to the secondary combustion chamber, the method comprising:
    introducing combustible gas produced at an air ratio ranging from 0.2 to 0.3 from a gas inlet port formed in an upper portion of a side wall of said primary combustion chamber; and
    adjusting the amount of gas for combustion introduced respectively into said primary combustion chamber, said secondary combustion chamber, and said tertiary combustion chamber such that the air ratio in an upper portion of said primary combustion chamber is approximately 1.0.
  18. A method according to claim 17, wherein said tertiary combustion chamber is adjusted such that the air ratios in the secondary and tertiary combustion chambers increase from 1.0 to 1.5.
  19. A gasification and slagging combustion system comprising:
    a fluidized-bed gasification furnace for gasifying wastes to produce combustible gas; and
    a slagging combustion furnace for combusting said combustible gas and melting ash contained in said combustible gas to generate molten slag;
    said slagging combustion furnace comprising:
    a side wall and a top wall;
    a gas inlet port formed in an upper portion of said side wall for introducing combustible gas to produce a swirling flow of said combustible gas; and
    a plurality of gas supply nozzles, which are open at an inner surface of said side wall and an inner surface of said top wall, for supplying gas for combustion;
       wherein said gas for combustion is blown from said gas supply nozzles into said swirling flow of said combustible gas.
  20. A gasification and slagging combustion system comprising:
    a fluidized-bed gasification furnace for gasifying wastes to produce combustible gas; and
    a slagging combustion furnace for combusting said combustible gas and melting ash contained in said combustible gas to generate molten slag;
    said slagging combustion furnace comprising:
    a side wall and a top wall;
    a gas inlet port formed in an upper portion of said side wall for introducing combustible gas to produce a swirling flow of said combustible gas; and
    a gas supply nozzle, which is open at an inner surface of said side wall near said gas inlet port, for supplying gas for combustion;
       wherein said gas for combustion is blown from said gas supply nozzle into said combustible gas introduced from said gas inlet port.
EP20040022570 2001-04-20 2002-04-19 Slagging combustion furnace Withdrawn EP1489354A1 (en)

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JP2001122859 2001-04-20
JP2001122859 2001-04-20
JP2001195269 2001-06-27
JP2001195269A JP2003004214A (en) 2001-04-20 2001-06-27 Melting furnace for gasifying melting furnace facility and method of supplying combustion gas to the melting furnace
EP20020720516 EP1379823A2 (en) 2001-04-20 2002-04-19 Slagging combustion furnace

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EP2180254A1 (en) * 2007-06-08 2010-04-28 Kobelco Eco-Solutions Co., Ltd. Gasification melting equipment and method of feeding air for combustion in melting furnace of gasification melting equipment
JP2012078033A (en) * 2010-10-04 2012-04-19 Kinsei Sangyo:Kk Dry distillation and gasification typed incinerator
EP2703715A4 (en) * 2011-04-19 2015-04-29 Hokkaido Tokushushiryou Kabushikikaisha Combustion device, combustion method, and electric power-generating device and electric power-generating method using same

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JP2006097918A (en) * 2004-09-28 2006-04-13 Hitachi Metals Ltd Combustion furnace and waste treatment facility
JP4548785B2 (en) * 2005-09-14 2010-09-22 三菱重工環境・化学エンジニアリング株式会社 Melting furnace waste gases of the melting apparatus, and control method and apparatus in said melting furnace
US7806090B2 (en) 2008-01-28 2010-10-05 Mcburney Sr John Curtis Boiler apparatus for combusting processed agriculture residues (PAR) and method
JP2010236733A (en) * 2009-03-31 2010-10-21 Hitachi Zosen Corp Gasification melting method and gasification melting facility for waste
JP2011220541A (en) * 2010-04-05 2011-11-04 Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd Boiler facility
JP5783078B2 (en) * 2012-02-10 2015-09-24 Jfeエンジニアリング株式会社 Destruction generation control apparatus clinker waste gasification melting furnace

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EP2180254A4 (en) * 2007-06-08 2014-05-07 Kobelco Eco Solutions Co Ltd Gasification melting equipment and method of feeding air for combustion in melting furnace of gasification melting equipment
JP2012078033A (en) * 2010-10-04 2012-04-19 Kinsei Sangyo:Kk Dry distillation and gasification typed incinerator
EP2703715A4 (en) * 2011-04-19 2015-04-29 Hokkaido Tokushushiryou Kabushikikaisha Combustion device, combustion method, and electric power-generating device and electric power-generating method using same
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Publication number Publication date Type
KR20030092086A (en) 2003-12-03 application
WO2002086405A3 (en) 2002-12-19 application
CA2443542A1 (en) 2002-10-31 application
EP1379823A2 (en) 2004-01-14 application
WO2002086405A2 (en) 2002-10-31 application
JP2003004214A (en) 2003-01-08 application

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