EP1468141A2 - Security paper and method and device for producing the same - Google Patents

Security paper and method and device for producing the same

Info

Publication number
EP1468141A2
EP1468141A2 EP02796660A EP02796660A EP1468141A2 EP 1468141 A2 EP1468141 A2 EP 1468141A2 EP 02796660 A EP02796660 A EP 02796660A EP 02796660 A EP02796660 A EP 02796660A EP 1468141 A2 EP1468141 A2 EP 1468141A2
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
paper
opening
security
characterized
according
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
EP02796660A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP1468141B1 (en
EP1468141B2 (en
Inventor
Michael Böhm
Theo Burchard
Horst Reigl
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Giesecke and Devrient Currency Technology GmbH
Original Assignee
Giesecke and Devrient GmbH
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Family has litigation
Priority to DE10163381 priority Critical
Priority to DE2001163381 priority patent/DE10163381A1/en
Application filed by Giesecke and Devrient GmbH filed Critical Giesecke and Devrient GmbH
Priority to PCT/EP2002/014417 priority patent/WO2003054297A2/en
Publication of EP1468141A2 publication Critical patent/EP1468141A2/en
Publication of EP1468141B1 publication Critical patent/EP1468141B1/en
First worldwide family litigation filed litigation Critical https://patents.darts-ip.com/?family=7710447&utm_source=google_patent&utm_medium=platform_link&utm_campaign=public_patent_search&patent=EP1468141(A2) "Global patent litigation dataset” by Darts-ip is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP1468141B2 publication Critical patent/EP1468141B2/en
Application status is Active legal-status Critical
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21HPULP COMPOSITIONS; PREPARATION THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES D21C OR D21D; IMPREGNATING OR COATING OF PAPER; TREATMENT OF FINISHED PAPER NOT COVERED BY CLASS B31 OR SUBCLASS D21G; PAPER NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D21H21/00Non-fibrous material added to the pulp, characterised by its function, form or properties; Paper-impregnating or coating material, characterised by its function, form or properties
    • D21H21/14Non-fibrous material added to the pulp, characterised by its function, form or properties; Paper-impregnating or coating material, characterised by its function, form or properties characterised by function or properties in or on the paper
    • D21H21/40Agents facilitating proof of genuineness or preventing fraudulent alteration, e.g. for security paper
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42DBOOKS; BOOK COVERS; LOOSE LEAVES; PRINTED MATTER CHARACTERISED BY IDENTIFICATION OR SECURITY FEATURES; PRINTED MATTER OF SPECIAL FORMAT OR STYLE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DEVICES FOR USE THEREWITH AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; MOVABLE-STRIP WRITING OR READING APPARATUS
    • B42D25/00Information-bearing cards or sheet-like structures characterised by identification or security features; Manufacture thereof
    • B42D25/20Information-bearing cards or sheet-like structures characterised by identification or security features; Manufacture thereof characterised by a particular use or purpose
    • B42D25/29Securities; Bank notes
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D21PAPER-MAKING; PRODUCTION OF CELLULOSE
    • D21FPAPER-MAKING MACHINES; METHODS OF PRODUCING PAPER THEREON
    • D21F1/00Wet end of machines for making continuous webs of paper
    • D21F1/44Watermarking devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42DBOOKS; BOOK COVERS; LOOSE LEAVES; PRINTED MATTER CHARACTERISED BY IDENTIFICATION OR SECURITY FEATURES; PRINTED MATTER OF SPECIAL FORMAT OR STYLE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DEVICES FOR USE THEREWITH AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; MOVABLE-STRIP WRITING OR READING APPARATUS
    • B42D25/00Information-bearing cards or sheet-like structures characterised by identification or security features; Manufacture thereof
    • B42D25/30Identification or security features, e.g. for preventing forgery
    • B42D25/333Watermarks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42DBOOKS; BOOK COVERS; LOOSE LEAVES; PRINTED MATTER CHARACTERISED BY IDENTIFICATION OR SECURITY FEATURES; PRINTED MATTER OF SPECIAL FORMAT OR STYLE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DEVICES FOR USE THEREWITH AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; MOVABLE-STRIP WRITING OR READING APPARATUS
    • B42D25/00Information-bearing cards or sheet-like structures characterised by identification or security features; Manufacture thereof
    • B42D25/30Identification or security features, e.g. for preventing forgery
    • B42D25/346Perforations

Abstract

The invention relates to a security paper used for producing security documents such as banknotes, identity cards or the like. Said security paper comprises at least one through-opening which is produced during manufacture of the paper and which in the edge zone has no sharp defining edge.

Description

Security paper and method and apparatus for its production

The invention relates to a security paper for producing security documents, such as bank notes, identity cards or the like, having a through hole and a method and an apparatus for producing such a security paper. Further, the invention relates to a document of value like such as a banknote, identity card or with a continuous opening.

In WO 95/10420 a document of value will be described, in which a through hole is punched, after its preparation, which is then sealed on one side with an opening on all sides superior cover. The cover foil is transparent at least in a partial area, so that background shows through in an attempt to copy the value document, the lower and rendered accordingly by the copy machine. In this way, counterfeits can be easily recognized.

However, this known value document has the disadvantage that the opening produced by punching can likewise be produced by a forger. The color copy of a genuine value document no longer has the transparent area, but this range can be subsequently punched analogous to the real value document and resealed with a suitable cover. Counterfeiting is therefore difficult to detect.

The invention has the object of proposing a security paper and a value document having increased forgery-proofness in comparison with the prior art.

This object is solved by the features of the independent claims. Developments are the subject of the dependent claims. The basic idea of ​​the invention is the fact that by generating a "window opening" during sheet formation, ie, has during papermaking, the edge area of ​​the opening characteristic irregularities which are not subsequently produced in the finished paper. The irregularities manifest themselves as lack of a sharp cutting edge or by irregular attaching the fibers in the edge portion and projecting into the opening individual fibers. a rough check of this characteristic edge structure is already possible with the naked eye, an accurate test can be done with a magnifying glass.

The inventive edge structure can be ensured that the opening can not be produced by subsequent stamping a sheet of paper. An opening generated in this way therefore has a similar security value as a signal generated in paper manufacturing watermarks or in papermaking embedded security thread.

Security paper is normally produced in broad webs in which several benefits are arranged side by side. The webs are cut to completion in the sheet, on which, for example 6 x 9 aspect benefit. These sheets are printed and then cut into individual blanks.

Requirement of each individual blank having a through opening, are at the wire of the paper machine according provide many elements that the sheet formation exactly in the surface regions prevent, in which the opening is needed. If the security paper in addition also comprise watermark, then a production usually on so-called "Rundsiebpapiermaschinen" where the screen is clamped on a rotating drum. The opening can in this case lie in the region of the watermark.

The security paper according to the invention has at least one through opening produced during papermaking. In order to produce this opening, the wire of the paper machine per panel with at least one water-impermeable, preferably elastic or movably mounted sealing element must be provided. The closure element prevents sheet formation in this area. To ensure that no fibers are deposited on the sealing element during sheet formation, it is preferably formed so high that it protrudes clearly beyond the paper surface. At removal of the paper web through the strung with the pick-off roller, however, must be taken to ensure that the closure element does not hinder the contact between the moist and still very unstable paper web and the take-off roll, since the paper web otherwise tears in this area. For this reason, the closure element according to the invention of a highly elastic material which can be compressed by the take-off roll approximately to the level of the paper surface. Alternatively, the closure consists element of a movably mounted, preferably rigid plastic or metal element which is formed either by the action of pressure of the take-off roll itself or by electronic control upon contact with the take-off roll approximately to the level of the paper surface or lower.

Further possibilities for producing the opening are sealing the screen surface with a plastic material such as a lacquer, whereby the plastic material within the meaning of the invention is also to be understood as a sealing element. Alternatively, rigid sealing elements can be produced in the size of the opening is applied to the screen surface (for example, soldered) are having a thickness which is significantly higher than the thickness of the paper web.

Under certain circumstances, it may be helpful to provide further entwässerungsreduzierende structure in the edge region of the closure elements that create a sort of breaking point in the paper web. Because the cotton fibers mainly used for security papers have a tendency to lie uncontrollably over the closure elements, so that the hole is education prevented or at least made more difficult.

The drainage retardant fabrics may, for example, special imprints in papermaking, additional screening elements, may act with a different mesh size than the original papermaking, or plastic material structures. In principle, all conceivable structures can be used which retard the drainage, and thus form a bright halo around the opening to be produced. In some cases it is sufficient to use only the dewatering inhibiting formation. For example, can be configured in an annular embossment so that upon acceptance of the paper web hole to the invention is produced by the screen.

The paper web lying on the pickup felt with the formed due to the sealing elements openings is then further processed in further process steps, such as calendering, sizing and drying to a self-supporting paper web. To improve hole formation after the paper formation protruding into the desired opening fibers, for example, may additionally or alternatively to the additionally used in papermaking dewatering inhibiting structures are removed by stamping or cutting, the fibers being removed only if the edge papermaking generated the hole is not destroyed or even completely removed. If one wants to produce, for example, a circular hole and but it deposits a fine web of fibers irregularly over the hole from which disturbing fiber web can be removed with a circular punching mold whose diameter is smaller than the desired hole. Here, a papermaking generated hole edge is always, possibly only in a partial area of ​​the hole edge, recognizable. Therefore, the security paper according to the invention at least has an opening whose edges are at least partly irregular and show a character similar to hand-made paper, unlike the sharp edges of a punched or cut opening.

The fibrous, irregular edge of the openings is visually recognizable and therefore serves as easy to be checked authenticity feature. If the Fäl- be further increased research security, so at least one watermark can be formed, or the opening in a watermark area are generated additionally in the vicinity of the opening. Depending on the nature of the product to watermark different measures on papermaking are necessary for this purpose. For the production of two-stage watermark with a strong light / dark effect metal wires or metal mold parts (so-called electric types) soldered onto the papermaking. For making multi-stage watermark, however, in the papermaking screen a three-dimensional relief is embossed. Combinations of sieve embossing and other measures preventing sheet formation, such as electrotypes or the application of sealing compound, are used in the watermark-production. The thus achieved light-dark modulation in the security paper in the immediate vicinity of the opening is the forger almost impossible task. The shape of the watermark can be selected such that it is related to the outline contour of the opening in meaning or that opening and surrounding watermark form a matched motif.

Preferably in the papermaking a round filter. However, since the sealing element is either elastic or at least movably mounted, the invention may also readily be used in Langsiebpapiermaschinen.

The aim of the present invention, to prevent counterfeiting of documents of value with an opening or greatly complicate, can also be achieved by generating through appropriate sieve embossing and / or drainage hindrance with electrotypes a larger, thinner area in the security paper and the opening of the invention is provided in this area wherein the thin paper area, the opening at least on one side, preferably on all sides, surmounted, so that in transmission the thin paper area stands out contrasting upon consideration of the security paper from the rest of the surrounding paper web. The opening can as already described, during papermaking are produced into diesel sem case. but a subsequent punching or cutting, in particular laser cutting, of the security paper is likewise possible, as a fake on the lack of thinner paper section can be detected in the immediate vicinity of the opening.

The thinner area in the security paper can have a uniform thickness or else be formed as a multi-level watermark. If the security paper of a two-ply paper, there is also the possibility of a location, preferably the thicker, to see comparable with a hole, which is then covered by the second paper layer. In this second paper layer the inventive opening is finally incorporated subsequently, its dimensions are smaller than those of the hole produced in the first paper layer.

Of course, hole according to the invention may be in two-ply paper consisting of a thinner and a thicker layer, are also in the thinner layer.

The inventive opening can be composed of several partial openings separated from each other by paper bars. The partial openings can have any desired outline contours and are preferably used as an additional design element. For the generation of the respective partial openings all attempts mentioned above can be used analogously drive to produce the opening of the invention.

According to a preferred embodiment of the invention, the opening is provided on at least one surface of the security paper after its production with an opening superior safety element. This security element can consist of a simple transparent plastic film or else be executed as a multilayer security element having one or more visually and / or machine testable security features.

With this safety feature, it may be diffraction structures, such as reflection or transmission holograms, observable in reflection grating structures or volume holograms, thin-film elements or filter elements such as polarizing filters or interference filters. The filter elements have in particular the advantage that they can be used for checking further on or in the security paper provided safety features, in which the opening with said further security feature by folding the security paper is brought into alignment. However, arranged in the region of the opening security element can also wear a simple print or a moire pattern as a security feature. The colors used for this print can have a substance with optically variable, luminescent, electrically conductive or magnetic properties. The optically variable materials can be, interference layer pigments or liquid crystal pigments in particular.

The security feature can further consist of a metallization, whereby several different-colored metals can be used. A screening of the metal layers or reflective layers of diffractive structures is possible. Of course, any semi-transparent layers can be used. The security feature can furthermore consist of a perforation or a lens structure.

Preferably, a sufficiently large area of ​​the security element is held completely transparent in order to be able to easily identify forgeries produced by a color copier. For a copy does not have this transparent area.

The security element can be constructed as a self-supporting label or embossed foil element, for example, which projects beyond the opening on all sides by a certain amount. In this solution, it is advantageous if the security paper in the area of ​​the bearing surface of the security element has a recess, so that the security paper has a stepless surface in this area. In extreme cases, the security element can cover the security paper or document of value over the entire surface. This solution can also be provided on both sides of the security paper or document of value.

The depression can be produced by compressing the security paper in this area before application of the security element. Particularly easy to depression but can also be produced during the manufacture of paper by the sheet formation hampered in the immediate vicinity of the opening and thus a thinner point is formed in the paper already.

According to a further embodiment of the security element can also be designed in strip form and extend over the entire length or width of the security paper. This variant is particularly useful if the security element is applied to the still uncut security paper in continuous form. In this case, the security element can be laminated in a continuous process to the security paper by means of hot embossing technique.

The outline contour of the security element can be selected as desired. You can agree, for example, with the contour of the opening or are in a sense related to a surrounding the opening watermark. Also safety element and watermarks can form a matched motif. So security element or opening and the watermark can together give the impression of a stylized sun, when the security element or the opening or about running and the watermark regions are arranged radially around the opening. The same applies to the applied in the area of ​​the security element a security feature. Thus, the security element can carry, for example, as a security feature an imprint that is repeated in the form of the watermark.

The opening and / or the security element can be circular, oval, rectangular, trapezoidal, or star-shaped. Of course, any other desired outline contour is possible.

If both sides of the opening provided with a security element, the same or the same type of security element can be applied or different on both sides. The following combinations are preferred:

Page 1 Page 2 self-supporting plastic film, self-supporting plastic film, possibly with one or more possibly with one or more security features; in label security features; full area in label or strip form or the entire surface or strip form or

Self-supporting plastic film, embossing foil element; in Etiketteneventuell with one or more of the entire surface or strip form, or security features; in label or strip form or all over Page 1 Page 2

Self-supporting plastic film, coating or printing from possibly with one or more of a resin or a printing ink,

Security features in Etikettendie visually and / or machine or strip form or all over testable substances containing (eg

Liquid crystal or interference layer pigments, luminescent substances); label or in strip form or all over

The security paper according to the invention can be further processed to give any valuable documents such as banknotes, stocks, identity cards, credit cards, security tags, coupons etc. It can also be used in the field of product protection for protecting any goods from forgery.

Further advantages and embodiments will be explained with reference to FIGS.

Show it:

Fig. 1 inventive document of value in a top view,

Figure 2 is section through said value document along A -. A,

Apparatus Fig. 3 according to the invention for producing the inventive security paper, FIG. 4, according to the invention closure element in accordance with detail B in Fig. 3,

5 shows alternate embodiment. Of the closure element,

Fig. 6 detail B of FIG. 3 with additional sieve embossing in the

Around the closure element,

Fig. 7 cross-section through a security paper, the papermaking screen shown 6 was prepared by the in FIG.

Fig. 8 supervision of Sicherheitspapierauschnitts shown in Fig. 7,

Figure 9 is another embodiment of the security elements according to the invention in cross-section along the line A -.. A in Fig 1,

Fig. 10 another embodiment of the inventive security paper in cross section,

Fig. 11 another embodiment of the inventive security paper in cross section,

Fig. 12 another embodiment of the inventive document of value.

Fig. 1 shows an inventive value document in a plan view. In the shown example is a bank note 1. This bank note 1 has a through opening. 2 This opening was produced during production of the security paper used for the bank note 1 and therefore has a fibrous, irregular edge 14. This edge 14 arises during sheet formation of the paper used for the bank note and can not be produced by subsequently punching or cutting the paper.

. 1 Figure 2 shows the bill along the line A in cross-section - A. Here, it is clear that the opening 2 is continuous.

Fig. 3 shows the schematic representation of a cylinder paper machine 3 as is preferably used in the preparation of the security paper 10 according to the invention. The apparatus 3 consists essentially of the papermaking screen 4 and the take-off roll 5, over which the pickup felt 6 is clamped.

The papermaking screen 4 has sealing elements 7 which prevent the immersion of the papermaking screen into the paper pulp 8 and thus produce the sheet forming openings according to the invention. 2 The fastener elements 7 are formed so that they do not interfere with the doffing operation of the paper web 10 in the area of ​​the take-off roll. 5 As the paper web 10 is very unstable to that date and yet has a low strength, care must be taken for a tensionless contact between the paper web 10 and the pick-up felt. 6

Fig. 4 shows the detail B of FIG. 3 in an enlarged form. The closure element 7 shown here is fastened to the surface of the screen. 4 It consists of a cup-örmigen element, in which a further cup-örmiges element is embedded. The two elements are pressed by a spring 9 apart so that they abut with their edge areas. Fig. 5 shows the closure element 7 in pressed-state again. The shutter member 7 is pressed against the pressure of the spring 9 under the level of Papiersieboberfläche. 4 The pressure is preferably produced by the take-off roll. 5 That is, the shutter member 7 is pressed in contact-tion with the pickup roller 5 downwards and thus in no way impeded the distortion-free removal of the paper web 10 by the pick-up felt. 6

Fig. 6 shows a further embodiment of the paper screen 4 according to the invention with reference to an enlargement of the detail B of Fig. 3. In this case 7, the papermaking screen 4 in the vicinity of the closure element in addition, a watermark embossing 11. In the shown example the watermark embossing 11 is disposed symmetrically around the sealing element. 7 It is, however, any other aspect of the water sign coinage 11 possible. The watermark embossing 11 causes the deposit formation in the sheet of paper fibers in different thicknesses so that the finished paper web is modulated in this area and shows the typical watermark up / transmitted light effect.

Fig. 7 is a using the papermaking screen shown in Fig. 6 shows 4 paper web 10. This produced paper web 10 has an opening 2 produced by the sealing element 7. The modulated paper areas 12, however, were produced by the watermark embossing. 11 This paper designated regions in the further course as "watermarks 12" can communicate with the opening 2 in direct sense connection or may together form a motif, as for example in Figure, the opening 2 and the watermark 12. There is illustrated in plan view. 8 The opening 2 has a circular outline form and is surrounded by a radial watermark 12, so that the motif of a sun arises Figure 9 shows a further embodiment of the value document 1 shown in Figure 1 in cross section along the line a -... A. in this case, is closed, the opening 2 on one side by a security element 13. This security element 13 is preferably in a recess 15 angeord- net surrounding the opening. This recess 15 can be generated 10, that is, by compressing the paper fibers by subsequent calendering of the paper web.

Alternatively, the depression 15 may be generated by an actual reduction of the paper thickness in this area. This is most easily directly during manufacturing of the paper web 10 by the sheet formation is made thinner in this region by appropriate formation of the screen. This can be done by appropriate embossing 16 in papermaking. 4

The closure element 7 shown in FIGS. 4 and 5 can be realized in different ways. Thus, it is also conceivable that it is realized by a foamlike plug which is compressed by the pick-up roll. 5 This element is glued to the papermaking screen 4 and likewise prevents sheet formation in this area. but it can also be realized by a pot-shaped, elastic element which is compressed by pressure and then returns to the original shape.

The security element 13 may be formed one or more layers and has at least one paper or plastic layer. Preferably, the security element 13 in the area of ​​the opening 2 on a larger transparent area, on the one hand serves as a copy protection and on the other hand makes the opening edge recognizable from both sides. Furthermore, the security element may be provided with any desired security features. 13

Fig. 10 shows a further embodiment of the inventive security paper in cross section uniform. The paper web 10 has a portion 16 with a smaller compared to the rest of the paper web paper thickness. In the whole area 16, however, the paper thickness is almost uniform. This thin area 16 can be generated by appropriate sieve embossing or drainage obstruction during manufacture of the paper web 10th In this thinner portion 16, the opening 2 of the invention is introduced subsequently. The edge contours 17 of the opening 2 are indicated by dashed lines 10 in Fig.. Preferably, the opening 2 in this embodiment is generated by subsequent punching or cutting of the paper web in the area of ​​the sixteenth In this case it must be ensured that the area 16, the opening 2 at least, surmounted in a partial area in order to perform a corresponding check of the authenticity of the paper web 10 when viewed in transmission.

Fig. 11 shows a further embodiment of the security paper of the invention, wherein the security paper in this case consists of two paper layers 18, 19 is made. The two paper layers 18, 19 are each formed on separate circular sieves and combined directly after removal from the papermaking screen and then further processed jointly. In the first paper web 18 a hole 20 with the already-explained aids is generated during sheet formation on the cylinder mold. Merging of the two paper webs 18, 19 of the hole 20 is on one side closed again. After the completion of the security paper the inventive opening 2 is introduced into the second paper web 19th The edges 17 of the opening 2 are shown by dashed lines in this figure. The opening is produced here by cutting or punching, being analogous to the eighth to the embodiment shown in Fig. 10 embodiment that the edges are 17 or cut edges of the opening 2 in the area of ​​the hole 20.

Fig. 12 shows a further embodiment of the erfindungsgmäßen value document 1 in a plan view. The opening 2 is composed in this example of several partial openings 21, 22, 23 together, which are separated from one another by webs of paper 24th These partial openings 21, 22, 23 can be prepared analogously to the above-described variants for the opening. 2

Claims

P atentanspr ü che
1. A security paper for producing security documents, such as bank notes, identity cards or the like, with at least one carried oscillating pupil, wherein the opening is produced during papermaking and does not have a sharp limiting edge in the edge region.
2. A security paper according to claim 1, characterized in that the security paper in the vicinity of the opening has at least one watermarks chen.
3. A security paper according to claim 2, characterized in that the security paper in the area of ​​the watermark has a smaller paper thickness.
4. A security paper according to at least one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the opening and the surrounding watermark are in meaning or form a matched subject.
5. A security paper for producing security documents, such as bank notes, identity cards or the like having a predetermined paper thickness, having an area with a compared to predetermined paper thickness smaller paper thickness, and an opening which is arranged in the region of smaller paper thickness and whose dimensions are smaller than the area of ​​the lower paper thickness.
6. A security paper for producing security documents, such as bank notes, identity cards or the like, forming overall of two paper layers, wherein the first paper layer has a hole which is produced during papermaking and sealed on one side by the second paper layer, said security paper in the area of ​​the hole comprises a through opening whose dimensions are smaller than those of the hole produced in the first paper layer.
7. A security paper according to claim 5 or 6, characterized in that the opening is subsequently produced by cutting or punching in the security paper.
8. A security paper according to at least one of claims 1 to 7, characterized in that the opening consists of several partial openings.
9. A security paper according to at least one of claims 1 to 8, characterized in that the opening is provided on at least one surface of the security paper after its production with an opening superior safety element.
10. A security paper according to at least one of claims 1 to 9, characterized in that the security paper surrounding an opening
having recess in which the security element is disposed.
11. A security paper according to at least one of claims 1 to 10, characterized in that the security element has at least one layer of paper or plastic.
12. A security paper according to at least one of claims 1 to 11, characterized in that the security element has at least one security feature.
13. A security paper according to at least one of claims 1 to 12, characterized in that the security feature of a diffraction structure, a thin-film element, a polarization filter or an imprint, is that at least one substance with optically variable luminescence, neszierenden, electrically conductive or magnetic properties having.
14. A security paper according to at least one of claims 1 to 13, characterized in that the security feature and the watermark surrounding the opening are provided in meaning or form a matched subject.
15. A security paper according to at least one of claims 1 to 14, characterized in that the security element is a label or a pre- gefolienelement.
16. A security paper according to at least one of claims 1 to 15, characterized in that the opening and / or the security element is circular, oval, rectangular, trapezoidal, or star-shaped.
17. A security paper according to at least one of claims 1 to 16, characterized in that the security element is strip-shaped.
18. A security paper according to at least one of claims 1 to 17, characterized in that the security element comprises a transparent area in the area of ​​the opening at least.
19. A document of value, the like such as a banknote, identity card or with at least one through opening, wherein the opening is produced during production of the value document.
20. A document of value according to claim 19, characterized in that the opening in a watermark area of ​​the value document is arranged.
21. A document of value, such as bank note, identity card or the like, having a watermark area and at least one through opening, wherein the opening in the area of ​​the watermark is located.
22. A document of value according to at least one of the claims provided the security element 19 to 21, characterized in that the opening überragen- at least on one surface of the value document after production thereof with an opening.
23. A document of value according to at least one of claims 19 to 22, characterized in that the value document has a print which extends both over the security element kumentenmaterial as well as over the adjacent Wertdo-.
24. Use of a security paper according to at least one of claims 1 to 18 for the forgery protection of goods of any kind.
25. Use of a value document according to at least one of claims 9 to 23 for the forgery protection of goods of any kind.
26. A method for producing a security paper having a through opening, said method comprising the steps of the papermaking screen is provided with at least one elastic or movably mounted sealing element, in its edge region is optionally present another entwässerungsreduzierendes structures, comprising the addition of pulp in this area prevents,
on the papermaking screen a paper web is formed which has a through opening in the region of the closure element,
- the paper web is taken off over a take-off roll of the paper mold, wherein the closure element is deformed or recessed in the screen area, that the paper web remains intact.
27. The method according to claim 26, characterized in that in the opening of the environmental gebung at least one watermark is formed.
28. A method for producing a security paper having a through opening, said method comprising the steps of:
- it is formed on a papermaking screen a paper web of certain paper thickness, which has a region which has a in comparison with the predetermined paper thickness smaller paper thickness,
subsequently creating an opening by cutting or punching in this area of ​​reduced paper thickness, the dimensions of which are smaller than the area of ​​the lower paper thickness.
29. A method for producing a security paper having a through opening, said method comprising the steps of: on a first papermaking screen a first paper web is formed which has at least one hole,
on a second papermaking screen a second paper web is formed,
the first and second paper web are brought together to form the security paper, whereby the second paper web covers the hole in the first paper web on one side,
- in the area of ​​the hole of the first paper web, the security paper is subsequently provided with a through opening whose dimensions are smaller than those of the hole produced in the first paper web.
30. The method according to at least one of claims 26 to 29 characterized in that is assembled, the through opening of several partial openings.
31. The method according to at least one of claims 26 to 30 characterized indicates overall that the opening is closed at least on one surface of the security paper after its production with an opening superior safety element.
32. The method according to any one of claims 28 to 30, characterized in that the through opening is produced with a laser.
33. The method according to at least one of claims 26 to 32, characterized in that the directly adjoining the opening vicinity of the security paper is provided with a recess using the watermark technique.
34. The method according to at least one of claims 26 to 33, characterized denotes Ge, that the security element is disposed in the recess.
35. A process for producing a document of value like such as a bank note, identity card or voltage with at least one continuous Öff-, wherein a security paper produced according to at least one of claims 26 to 33, then cut in further process steps into sheets of predetermined size, printed and is finally cut into the individual value documents.
36. A process for producing a value document, the like such as a bank note, identity card or with at least one through opening, whereby the value document is produced from a security paper having a predetermined paper thickness and an area with a smaller compared to the predetermined paper thickness, paper thickness, and wherein the opening in the value document is produced subsequently by cutting or punching in the area of ​​reduced paper thickness, and wherein the dimensions of the through opening are smaller than the area of ​​the lower paper thickness.
37. A process for producing a value document, such as a bank note, identity card or the like, with at least one through opening, whereby a two-ply security paper is produced, during its manufacture in the first paper layer, a hole is generated at least, which is then covered on one side by the second paper layer is, and wherein the opening in the value document is produced subsequently in the region of the hole by cutting or punching, and wherein the dimensions of the through opening are smaller than those of the hole in the first paper layer.
38. The papermaking screen for manufacturing a security paper having a through opening, which has a papermaking screen, which is provided with at least one elastic or movably mounted sealing element, in its edge region, optionally pre another entwässerungsreduzierendes structure Hegt, that the addition of the pulp in this region prevented.
39. The papermaking screen according to claim 38, characterized in that the closure element is a screening surface, the superior elastically deformable plastic element.
40. The papermaking screen according to claim 38 or 39, characterized in that the closure element a is the screening surface superior metal or plastic member having a spring via which the sealing element can be lowered by corresponding action of pressure in or under the surface of the papermaking screen.
41. The papermaking screen according to at least one of claims 38 to 40, characterized in that the papermaking screen is a cylinder mold.
42. An apparatus for producing a security paper having a through opening, which has a papermaking screen, which is provided with at least one elastic or movably mounted sealing element optionally is located in the edge region of a wieteres entwässerungsreduzierendes structure upstream, that the accumulation of paper pulp in this area prevented.
EP02796660.5A 2001-12-21 2002-12-17 Security paper and method and device for producing the same Active EP1468141B2 (en)

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DE10163381 2001-12-21
DE2001163381 DE10163381A1 (en) 2001-12-21 2001-12-21 Security paper and method and apparatus for its production
PCT/EP2002/014417 WO2003054297A2 (en) 2001-12-21 2002-12-17 Security paper and method and device for producing the same

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PL (1) PL222209B1 (en)
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CA2471379C (en) 2013-04-02
RU2004122618A (en) 2005-05-20
CN1606648A (en) 2005-04-13
WO2003054297A2 (en) 2003-07-03
PL370079A1 (en) 2005-05-16
JP2005525474A (en) 2005-08-25
ZA200403847B (en) 2005-05-30
CN100359099C (en) 2008-01-02
KR20040068585A (en) 2004-07-31
US20050224203A1 (en) 2005-10-13
KR20080050634A (en) 2008-06-09
DE10163381A1 (en) 2003-07-03
SI2280119T1 (en) 2012-09-28
AU2002361143A1 (en) 2003-07-09
PL222209B1 (en) 2016-07-29
RU2315832C2 (en) 2008-01-27
BR0215269B1 (en) 2013-07-16
KR20100083188A (en) 2010-07-21
CA2471379A1 (en) 2003-07-03
CN101220570A (en) 2008-07-16
EP2280119B1 (en) 2012-05-09
HU0402493A2 (en) 2005-05-30
EP1468141B1 (en) 2016-04-20
ES2387871T3 (en) 2012-10-03
RU2007130092A (en) 2009-02-20
JP4495460B2 (en) 2010-07-07
EP1468141B2 (en) 2019-02-20
EP2280119A1 (en) 2011-02-02
US8465625B2 (en) 2013-06-18
ES2574556T3 (en) 2016-06-20
UA84124C2 (en) 2008-09-25
RU2401747C2 (en) 2010-10-20
WO2003054297A3 (en) 2004-08-05
CN101220570B (en) 2011-08-17
BR0215269A (en) 2005-04-26
AU2002361143A8 (en) 2003-07-09
KR101044892B1 (en) 2011-06-28
AT557131T (en) 2012-05-15

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