EP1440713B1 - Binding with an offset energy - Google Patents

Binding with an offset energy Download PDF

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Publication number
EP1440713B1
EP1440713B1 EP03028041A EP03028041A EP1440713B1 EP 1440713 B1 EP1440713 B1 EP 1440713B1 EP 03028041 A EP03028041 A EP 03028041A EP 03028041 A EP03028041 A EP 03028041A EP 1440713 B1 EP1440713 B1 EP 1440713B1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
characterized
device according
binding device
footwear
return
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
EP03028041A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP1440713A1 (en
Inventor
Jacques Quellais
Bruno Lancon
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Salomon SAS
Original Assignee
Salomon SAS
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Filing date
Publication date
Family has litigation
Priority to FR0300811 priority Critical
Priority to FR0300811A priority patent/FR2850031B1/en
Application filed by Salomon SAS filed Critical Salomon SAS
Publication of EP1440713A1 publication Critical patent/EP1440713A1/en
First worldwide family litigation filed litigation Critical https://patents.darts-ip.com/?family=32525008&utm_source=google_patent&utm_medium=platform_link&utm_campaign=public_patent_search&patent=EP1440713(B1) "Global patent litigation dataset” by Darts-ip is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP1440713B1 publication Critical patent/EP1440713B1/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63CSKATES; SKIS; ROLLER SKATES; DESIGN OR LAYOUT OF COURTS, RINKS OR THE LIKE
    • A63C17/00Roller skates; Skate-boards
    • A63C17/04Roller skates; Skate-boards with wheels arranged otherwise than in two pairs
    • A63C17/06Roller skates; Skate-boards with wheels arranged otherwise than in two pairs single-track type
    • A63C17/065Roller skates; Skate-boards with wheels arranged otherwise than in two pairs single-track type with movements during use of the foot plate or shoe relative to the chassis, e.g. inline clap skate
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B5/00Footwear for sporting purposes
    • A43B5/04Ski boots; Similar boots
    • A43B5/0411Ski boots; Similar boots for cross-country
    • A43B5/0413Adaptations for soles or accessories associated with soles for cross-country bindings
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B5/00Footwear for sporting purposes
    • A43B5/04Ski boots; Similar boots
    • A43B5/0496Ski boots; Similar boots boots for touring or hiking skis
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63CSKATES; SKIS; ROLLER SKATES; DESIGN OR LAYOUT OF COURTS, RINKS OR THE LIKE
    • A63C1/00Skates
    • A63C1/22Skates with special foot-plates of the boot
    • A63C1/28Pivotally-mounted plates
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63CSKATES; SKIS; ROLLER SKATES; DESIGN OR LAYOUT OF COURTS, RINKS OR THE LIKE
    • A63C9/00Ski bindings
    • A63C9/20Non-self-releasing bindings with special sole edge holders instead of toe-straps
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63CSKATES; SKIS; ROLLER SKATES; DESIGN OR LAYOUT OF COURTS, RINKS OR THE LIKE
    • A63C17/00Roller skates; Skate-boards
    • A63C2017/0053Roller skates; Skate-boards with foot plate quick release or shoe binding
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63CSKATES; SKIS; ROLLER SKATES; DESIGN OR LAYOUT OF COURTS, RINKS OR THE LIKE
    • A63C2201/00Use of skates, skis, roller-skates, snowboards and courts
    • A63C2201/06Telemark

Description

  • The invention relates to a device for attaching a shoe to a sports article.
  • The invention can be applied in particular to devices for attaching a boot to a ski. It can be used in particular for the design of cross-country ski bindings, alpine ski mountaineering, Nordic ski touring or Telemark skiing.
  • A first example of such a type of fastening is that of cross-country ski bindings of the hinge type marketed by the applicant under the trademark "SNS PROFIL". Another type of attachment concerned is that described in the document EP-768.103 and found on some of the cross-country ski binding devices marketed by the Applicant under the trademark "SNS PILOT". In both cases, the boot is articulated by its front end about a transverse axis relative to the ski, this thanks to a retaining system forming a jaw in which is received a hinge rod integral with the sole of the shoe . The two systems differ in the design of elastic return systems of the shoe to a low position.
  • The invention may also be applied in the context of a device as described in document WO 00/13755 which retaining system of the boot is improved over previous fastening systems. Indeed, the movement of the foot relative to the ski, which is controlled by the retaining system during the lifting of the heel, is a movement which is no longer a simple rotation and which is as close as possible to the natural movement of the course of the foot. A similar device, more specifically dedicated to alpine hiking and Telemark is described in the patent application EP-A1-890 379 . The principle of these devices is to allow a fixation of the boot on the ski which is perfectly rigid in torsion but which allows a free lifting of the heel of the shoe.
  • The invention may also be implemented in the context of a fixing device of the type described in the documents WO 96/37269 , EP-0914844 and WO / 01.93963 .
  • The invention aims to provide an improvement to all these types of fasteners, which have in common to have a shoe retaining system independent of an elastic return system. Indeed, in particular for the practice of cross-country skiing, it is necessary that the binding comprises an elastic return system which brings the shoe to its lower position corresponding to its position when it bears in front and to the back on the ski. This elastic return system must be powerful enough to quickly return the shoe to this low position. For example, when practicing the skating step in cross-country skiing, this reminder occurs when, at the end of the push, the skier wants to bring the ski forward by lifting it from the snow. In this case, it appears that it is the front of the ski that the booster system must bring upward with respect to the position of the shoe of the user. If the booster is not powerful enough, the front spatula of the ski will be slow to rise and may catch the snow, seriously disturbing the progress of the skier. However, this system of elastic return must also have a good progressivity in the increase of the effort depending on the angle of uplift of the connecting member, and its action must also not oppose too much resistance to the movement of unfolded foot .
  • Another constraint to which the elastic return system must respond is not to present too much space or too much weight.
  • Finally, in terms of construction, the elastic return system must perfectly integrate into the rest of the fastening device.
  • The fasteners to which the invention applies must be distinguished from the cable bindings of the type described for example in the documents US 3863942 , WO-99/02226 , FR-2363341 or US 3844575 . These cable bindings are generally intended for alpine skiing or Telemark. In all cases, they comprise a stop arranged at the front and a cable which is intended to wrap around the rear part of the boot and to be put in tension to push the boot forward in support against the stop. Although the cable may possibly cause an elastic return effect, this effect is not the main effect sought, and it usually occurs at the end of bending stroke of the shoe. Indeed, the cable is primarily a shoe retaining member within the retaining system consisting of the abutment and the cable. In this way, the cable being first designed for its retaining function, the return is generally arranged near the point of flexion of the shoe, which is about the center of rotation of the movement of the heel of the boot relative to the ski. It follows that, the return being arranged substantially at this center of rotation, the cable transmits little movement to the spring, and the variation of this displacement with respect to the angular position of the heel varies only slightly, and that moreover this variation is not really mastered. In this way, the variation of the return force can not be perfectly controlled. For certain positions of the shoe, the return force can even be almost zero or even negative. It has been found that it is not possible to have this control when the restraint system and the elastic return system are not independent, as in prior art cable bindings in which, without the cable, the shoe is no longer held on the ski.
  • In order to meet these various problems, the invention proposes a device for attaching a boot to a sports article, of the type comprising a restraint system by which the boot is attached to the ski with a possibility of moving relative to the sports article between a low position and a high position, of the type comprising an elastic return system of the shoe to its lower position, and of the type in which the retaining system is independent of the elastic return system, characterized in that the elastic return system comprises at least:
    • an elastic member (20) which is connected to the sport article, and
    • a flexible link (30) which connects the elastic member (20) directly or indirectly to the shoe and which cooperates with at least one return member (34).
  • Other features and advantages of the invention will appear on reading the detailed description which follows and on seeing the appended drawings in which:
    • Figure 1 is a schematic side view of a first embodiment of a fastener according to the teachings of the invention, shown in the upper position;
    • Figure 2 is a schematic side view of the device of Figure 1 shown in the lower position;
    • Figure 3 is a view similar to that of Figure 1 illustrating an improved variant of the first embodiment of the invention;
    • Figure 4 is a schematic perspective view of a second embodiment of the invention;
    • Figures 5, 6 and 7 are schematic views in partial longitudinal section of the second embodiment of the invention, respectively shown in an open state before donning, and in a closed state with the shoe in the lower position and then in the high position;
    • FIGS. 8 and 9 are very diagrammatic views in plan view and in side view, intended to illustrate how, by cooperation of complementary shapes, the hook of the elastic return system of the second embodiment is systematically brought into a predetermined position ;
    • Figure 10 is a sectional view along line XX of Figure 9;
    • Figure 11 is a view similar to that of Figure 7 illustrating an alternative embodiment of the invention incorporating an elastic stop end of the shoe stroke.
  • The invention will here be described in the case of embodiments in which the fixing device is more particularly intended for cross-country skiing.
  • The first embodiment of a fixing device 10 illustrated in Figures 1 to 3 comprises a base 12 which is intended to be fixed on a sports article (not shown), but which could also be directly integrated in the latter. In this first example, the fixing device 10 comprises a connecting member 14 on which a shoe is intended to be hooked (by means not shown). This attachment can be achieved by a detachable interface system not shown which will preferably be a "step-in" type interface system in which the attachment of the boot on the connecting member 14 is effected in a manner automatic, by simple contact between the two. The stall may possibly require a manual action of the user.
  • As described in the document WO 00/13755 , which will be usefully referred for a global understanding of the operation of such a binding, the connecting member 14 is provided to be fixed under the front part of the shoe and to switch between a low position illustrated in Figure 2 (l liaison body, as well as the shoe attached to it, is then substantially horizontal) and a high position illustrated in Figure 1 when the heel of the user lifts with respect to the sporting article.
  • The connecting member 14 is connected to the base by a rod 16 which is rotatably mounted about two transverse axes A1 and A2 on the one hand on a stud 13 of the base 12, and on the other hand on connecting member 14.
  • In the example shown, the rod 16 is articulated by its rear end (relative to the direction of the sport article) on the base 12 and its front end on the front end of the connecting member 14 of so that in the low position, the rod and the connecting member are interlocked into one another.
  • For this, one can for example provide that the connecting member 14 is actually made of two parallel elements offset transversely and joined by spacers, the link 16 being then received between the two parallel elements. The rod 16 may also be designed as two parallel elements braced.
  • It can also be provided that the rod is constituted by two parallel elements arranged on either side of the connecting member 14. However, it is also possible to implement the invention by arranging the rod in front of the body of the link, that is to say by articulating its front end on the base and its rear end on the front end of the connecting member.
  • During the lifting movement of the heel, when the connecting member 14 moves from its low position to its high position, the connecting member 14 is supported on the base by its front end which has, on at least one part , a curved profile 19. The shape and the evolution of the curved profile 19 condition, as a function of the angular orientation of the connecting member, the position in height of the axis A2 relative to the base 12. By an optimal design of the curved profile 19, and by a judicious choice of the length and the initial angle of the rod 16, the relative movement of the connecting member 14 is conditioned relative to the base 12 during the phase heel lift. In the illustrated example, it can be seen that the angular movement of the rod 16 is small, for example of the order of 10 to 20 degrees when the connecting member 14 tilts at an angle of the order of sixty of degrees, and that, given the initial angle of the rod, it results in a slight but real forward displacement of the axis A2. It will be noted that the lifting movement of the heel is effected by a rolling movement with sliding of the curved profile 19 on the base 12.
  • The connecting member 14, the rod 16 and the means (not shown) for attaching the boot to the binding member are the main elements forming a retaining system by which the boot is attached to the sports article. and by which is determined the relative movement of the shoe with respect to the sport article. The fastening device 10 also comprises an elastic return system of the shoe to its lower position, the retaining system being independent of the elastic return system.
  • According to the teachings of the invention, the elastic return system comprises at least one elastic member which is connected to the sports article, and a flexible link which connects the body elastic to the shoe and which cooperates with at least one return member. In the first embodiment shown in Figures 1 to 3, the flexible link is linked to the shoe indirectly, in that it is not hooked directly on the shoe but on the connecting member. However, the shoe and the connecting member being in permanent connection during the use of the system, it is functionally the same.
  • In the example illustrated in FIGS. 1 to 3, the fixing device 10 comprises a guide edge 18 which is formed of a section of parallelepipedal section and which extends longitudinally towards the rear, behind the 14. In known manner, this guide edge 18 is provided to cooperate with a groove of complementary section arranged in the sole of the shoe to provide lateral guidance of the shoe / fastening assembly.
  • Advantageously, the elastic member 20 is integrated inside a housing 22 formed inside this edge. In this first example, the elastic member 20 is a compression spring which is disposed horizontally and longitudinally in the housing 22. The front end of the spring 20 bears against a front face 24 of the housing 22. This front end of the spring is therefore fixed. The rear end of the spring bears against a mobile carriage 26 which can slide longitudinally relative to the base 12 and to the edge 18. More specifically, the carriage 26 has a front end 27 which moves at the level of a front opening 29 of the housing 22, and a rear end 31 which moves in the housing 22 and on which the rear end of the spring 20 is supported.
  • Such an arrangement of an elastic member and a movable carriage is similar to that found in the device described in the document EP-768 103 and in some of the cross-country ski binding devices marketed by the applicant under the name "SNS Pilot". However, unlike this prior art in which the elastic member is connected to the shoe by a rod, the device according to the invention comprises a flexible link 30 which connects the elastic member 20 to the connecting member 14.
  • As can be seen in the figures, the link 30 is not hooked directly on the elastic member but on the front end 27 of the carriage 26. It passes on a return 34 which here consists of a pulley mounted on the pad 13, coaxially with the rod 16 about the axis A1. The return could also consist of a simple sliding surface, preferably a curved surface. In this embodiment, the return 34 is fixed relative to the base 12 and with respect to the sports article. The other end of the link 30 is hooked on the connecting member 14 so that the portion of the flexible link 30 that extends between the return 34 and the connecting member 14 is substantially vertical, so that the restoring force exerted on the connecting member 14 is mainly directed downwards, including when the latter is high position as illustrated in Figure 1. On the contrary, the part of the link 30 which goes from the reference to the elastic member 20 extends in a substantially horizontal direction.
  • As can be seen from FIGS. 1 and 2, when the connecting member moves from its low position to its high position, the flexible link 30 pulls the moving carriage forwards and causes the compression of the spring, which therefore provides a reminder effort.
  • Preferably, the flexible link is substantially inextensible. It may for example be a wire rope or a fiber cable with very low extensibility, for example an aramid fiber cable. It can also be envisaged that this link is made in the form of a band. This traction band may for example be made in the form of a metal strip, or a bundle of parallel fibers embedded in a polymeric material. Preferably, the link is sufficiently flexible and flexible not to provide a noticeable elastic effect, and especially to support an angle of about 90 degrees. It thus appears that the flexibility of the link 30 must be appreciated mainly as a flexural flexibility around the axis of the return. This flexibility of the link can not be local only, because the link moves with respect to the return. On the other hand, especially if a flexible link is a band, said band will not be flexible in bending around an axis perpendicular to the plane of the band, but this will not prevent this band from being considered flexible within the meaning of the invention if it does not offer significant resistance to bending around the return axis.
  • Of course, this flexibility requires that the transverse guidance of the shoe is provided by a separate mechanism, in this case by the restraint system. In the illustrated example, the guiding mechanism is constituted for example by the rod 16 and the sliding surface 19. However, the guiding mechanism could be designed differently, for example in the form of a multi-mechanism. rods as described in the document WO 96/37269 .
  • FIG. 3 illustrates a variant of the first embodiment of the invention in which the return system according to the invention comprises a mechanism for adjusting the stiffness of the elastic member 20, so as to leave the user the possibility of increasing or decreasing the intensity of the elastic return force to adapt to his style of practice.
  • Thus, it can be seen that the front end of the spring bears on a stop 36 which is mounted in the housing on a threaded portion 38 of a rod 40. The rod 40 is mounted in the housing 22 so as to be movable in rotation about its longitudinal axis A3 but is immobilized longitudinally in translation. We also see that the rod 40 extends over the entire length of the housing 22 so that it also ensures the guidance of the spring 20 (whose helical turns surround around the rod) and the rear end of the carriage 26 on which the spring 20 is supported. Unlike the spring 20 and the carriage 26 which slide freely on the rod 38, the stop 36 is formed by a nut which is screwed onto the threaded portion 38 of the rod 40 and which can not pivot about its longitudinal axis A3. The forward end of the rod 40 protrudes outside the housing 22 and has the shape of a screw head 44 so as to allow the user to control the rotation of the rod 40 about its axis A3. In this way, by this screw-nut system, the user can cause the longitudinal displacement of the stop 36 in the housing to cause prestressing more or less important spring 20. In the illustrated example, the guide edge 18 comprises a window 42 which allows the user to view the position of the stop 36 and which allows him to evaluate the value of prestressing spring. At this window 42 may be associated with graphical references.
  • This elastic return system is particularly interesting because it allows to accommodate the elastic member in an area of the device where it does not interfere with the kinematics and the roll of foot allowed by the fixation. In this case, the elastic member is arranged towards the rear of the fixing device, but it could also be expected that it is arranged at the front of the latter.
  • The elastic member is therefore globally immobile with respect to the sports article and is linked to the connecting member only indirectly, by the flexible link. In addition, as the latter passes on a referral is also obtained a better direction of the recall force direction, which follows the direction of the portion of the flexible link that extends between the return and the shoe. This orientation is substantially parallel to that of the path that must follow the shoe to its lower position.
  • In the illustrated example, the spring is a compression spring, which imposes the presence of the movable carriage. The invention could also be realized with other types of resilient members, for example with a tension spring, as will be described in connection with the second embodiment.
  • In this first embodiment, it can be verified that the retaining system of the boot remains independent of the elastic return system, even if in this case the flexible link (belonging to the return system) is hooked on the connecting member. , which mainly belongs to the restraint system. This independence is confirmed by the fact that, even in the absence of the return system (for example in case of rupture of the flexible link or the elastic member), the restraint system continues to fully perform its primary function of restraint. of the shoe.
  • Figures 4 to 7 show an assembly comprising a shoe 46 and a fastening device 10 according to a second embodiment of the invention.
  • In this case, the boot has the classic appearance of a cross-country ski boot 46 with a flexible sole provided on the underside of its sole with a continuous longitudinal groove and designed to cooperate with a continuous guide edge 18 of the fastening device 10.
  • Furthermore, this shoe 46 has, at its front end, a transverse latching bar before 48 disposed across the groove, and, recessed from the front bar 48, a second transverse bar 50 also disposed across the groove and located substantially at the level of the metatarsophalangeal joint area of the foot, and at most at the rear edge of the first third in length of the shoe which constitutes the extreme rear limit of the metatarsophalangeal joint area.
  • Of course, any position of the rear transverse bar 50 between the front bar 48 and the rear limit defined above is possible.
  • The front bar 48 is preferably made in the form of a cylindrical rod of revolution intended to cooperate, in a manner known per se, with a retaining system comprising a mobile jaw 52, in the form of a hook and controlled by a lever 54, and an anterior edge 56 of the base constituting a fixed jaw, for the rotational locking of the boot on the sports article. The principle of such a fixing device is described for example in the previous FR 2,634,132 in the name of the plaintiff, and can be either manual closure or automatic locking closure. It will not be described further.
  • The rear bar 50 is intended to allow attachment directly on the sole of the boot of an elastic return system according to the invention.
  • Indeed, we find in this second embodiment a return system in which the elastic member 20, in this case a tension spring, is integrated in a housing 22 arranged inside a guide edge 18 of the device and is connected by a rear end to the base 12 of the fixing device. According to the invention, the front end of the elastic member is connected to a flexible link 30 which extends forward. The flexible link is provided at its front end with a hook 58, for example made of metal. As can be seen in FIGS. 6 and 7, the hook 58 is intended to hook onto the rear strip 50 of the boot, to ensure the connection of the elastic member 20 to the boot 46, and thus to allow the system to ensure its elastic return function. The hook 58 thus forms a connecting member between the flexible link and the shoe, but this connecting member is linked to the rest of the fastening device only by the flexible link 30.
  • Of course, as in the first embodiment, the flexible link 30 passes under a reference 34 (for example made in the form of a pulley or a curved surface) which is here arranged at the front opening 29 housing 22.
  • One of the difficulties to solve for the implementation of this principle lies in allowing easy and reliable hooking and unhooking of the hook 58 on the rear bar 50 of the boot. Indeed, unlike the example of the prior art of the document EP-768 103 , the hook 58 is here arranged at the end of a flexible link 30 which can therefore alone ensure a precise and predetermined positioning of the hook 58 in the absence of the shoe 46.
  • Also, according to another aspect of the invention, the hook 58 comprises a guide portion 60 which is intended to cooperate with complementary surfaces of the base 12 of the attachment so that, when the elastic member 20, by the intermediate of the flexible link 30, returns the hook 58 to a rest position, in the absence of the shoe, it is guided and maintained in this predetermined position through the cooperation of the guide portion and associated forms of the base. Moreover, it will be seen that the fixing device also comprises a slide 62 which, controlled by the opening lever 54, also engages with the guide portion of the hook to bring the hook from its rest position to a position of waiting allowing the establishment of the shoe.
  • Indeed, it can be seen in Figures 5-7 that the fixing device comprises a slide 62 which is mounted to slide longitudinally on the base 12 of the fastener and whose front portion 61 is connected to the movable jaw 52 to follow the longitudinal movements, which are controlled by the lever 54. Thus, when the lever 54 is raised to bring the attachment in an open state, we see that the slide 62 advances longitudinally along with the movable jaw 52. Now, the drawer 62 has a rear portion 64 which has a U-shaped cross-section and which, in the retracted position of the slide 62, extends inside the opening opening 29 of the housing 22. With the adjacent walls 70 of this opening 29, the U-shaped rear portion 64 thus delimits complementary shapes of the guide portion 60 of the hook 58, as illustrated schematically in FIGS. 8 to 10. The complementary shapes may comprise Engage ramps 66, 68, abutment surfaces 66, or, without limitation, guide side surfaces 70.
  • Under the effect of the elastic member 20, the flexible link 30 is swallowed inside the housing 22, through the opening 29 and, in the absence of the shoe, it carries with it the guide portion 60 of the hook 58. This then comes to automatically lock against the complementary shapes of the base and the drawer, thus blocking the hook 58 in a predetermined position.
  • From this predetermined rest position, the hook 58 can be moved longitudinally forwards by the rear portion 64 of the drawer 62 when the latter is driven forward when the user raises the lever. In this waiting position, illustrated in Figure 5, the hook 58 is more likely to cooperate with the rear bar 50 of the shoe, which can then be put in place (or otherwise removed). This is done by engaging the front bar 48 of the sole between the two jaws 52, 54 of the hinge, and then pivoting down the sole of the shoe 46 about the axis formed by the hinge. When the shoe is in the down position, bearing both front and rear, the rear bar 50 has reached a position in which it is likely to be hooked by the hook 58. At that time , the user can close the binding by lowering the lever 54, which has the effect of locking the jaws of the hinge around the front bar 48. At the same time, the drawer 62 back and, under the effect of recall of the spring 20, the hook 48 back to hook on the rear bar 50 (which is not necessarily a cylinder of revolution) which is interposed on its path between its hold and return positions. The set is then in the situation illustrated in FIG.
  • If the user lifts the heel of the boot, the latter rotates about the axis of the hinge materialized by the front bar 48. At the same time, the rear bar 50 raises in a substantially arcuate trajectory of a circle and, as illustrated in Figure 7 with it carries the hook 58, which causes the elongation of the spring 20, according to the same principle as described with respect to the first embodiment.
  • The heaving operation is carried out in the opposite direction of the installation. When the shoe 46 is in the low position, the user opens the binding by raising the lever 54 which causes on the one hand the opening of the jaws 52, 56, and on the other hand the advanced drawer 62. The latter , by its rear portion 64 engages the guide portion 60 of the hook 58 and takes the hook 58 forward, which releases the rear bar 50 of the shoe.
  • The two embodiments of the invention make it possible to have a return system whose return force is perfectly controlled, retaining and guiding the movement of the shoe being made by an independent system. It can thus be expected that the beginning of the uprising is done with a low initial return effort, then "program" the evolution curve of this effort depending on the lifting angle of the shoe. To do this, the elastic member may consist of several springs in series and / or in parallel, and / or it may also incorporate elastomeric elements having another type of stress / strain curve.
  • Moreover, in all cases, the elastic return system may be supplemented by other elastic systems or stop systems.
  • It is thus possible to provide, as illustrated in FIG. 11, an end-of-travel stop 72 which intervenes only from a predetermined lifting angle of the boot. This stop 72 may be a rigid stop that limits the stroke of the shoe, or an elastic stop made in the form of an elastic buffer of the type described in the document FR-A-2650192 , which will then bring at the same time a soft abutment effect and an additional elastic return force. The abutment 72, rigid or elastic, can cooperate directly with the shoe or with a portion of the retaining system such as the connecting member 14 of the retainer.
  • In the exemplary embodiment illustrated in the figures, the guide edge 18 is integrated into the base 12. However, it is possible for the guide edge to be integrated directly into the sports article, for example to the ski. . In this case, the housing 22, and the spring 20 (and, if appropriate, the carriage 26) will be directly integrated in the sports article. Advantageously, this elastic return system can have a width of the order of 15 to 20 mm and be completely integrated under the sole of the shoe, to accommodate for example in the size of the groove that is found under the cross-country ski soles.
  • Moreover, it can be seen that, in all the illustrated embodiments, the return 34 is arranged at a small distance from the end of the flexible link which is linked to the shoe (possibly via the connecting member). , this being considered with the shoe in the down position. The horizontal projection of this distance is preferably less than 3 centimeters, and even more preferably less than 2 centimeters. This proximity ensures that the effective return direction (which is the direction of the portion of the link that extends between the shoe and the return) remains as close as possible to a parallel to the direction of relative movement of the shoe relative to to the article of sport (or, what is equivalent, close to the direction of a tangent to the trajectory of the shoe). Otherwise, both the end of the flexible link connected to the shoe that the return will preferably be arranged near the metatarsophalangeal articulation zone of the foot of the user when the shoe is in the lower position.
  • In addition, especially in cases where the restraint system and guidance of the shoe determines a relative movement of the shoe relative to the sport article which is a rotational movement or a close movement (as the second mode of embodiment shown here), it will be necessary to provide that the return is arranged at a certain distance from the center of this rotational movement, otherwise the movement of the shoe will cause little or no movement of the end of the link which is linked to the elastic member, making the recall system ineffective.

Claims (22)

  1. Device for binding a footwear to a sports article, of the type comprising a retaining system whereby the footwear is fixed to the ski with a possibility of being displaced in relation to the sports article, between a low position and a high position; of the type comprising a system for the elastic return of the footwear to its low position; and of the type in which the retaining system is independent of the elastic return system, characterized in that the elastic return system comprises at least:
    one elastic member (20) that is connected to the sports article, and
    one flexible linkage (30) that connects the elastic member (20) directly or indirectly to the footwear, and which cooperates with at least one return member (34).
  2. Binding device according to claim 1, characterized in that the flexible linkage (30) has, on both sides of the return (34), a portion that is connected to the elastic member (20) and extends along a substantially horizontal direction, and a portion that is connected to the footwear and extends along a direction substantially parallel to the direction of the relative movement of the footwear in relation to the binding device.
  3. Binding device according to one of claims 1 or 2, characterized in that the return member (34) comprises a pulley.
  4. Binding device according to one of claims 1 or 2, characterized in that the return member comprises a curved sliding surface on which the flexible linkage takes support and slides.
  5. Binding device according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that the flexible linkage (20) comprises a cable.
  6. Binding device according to one of claims 1 to 4, characterized in that the flexible linkage comprises a traction strip.
  7. Binding device according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that it comprises a member (14, 58) for connecting to the footwear which is adapted to be hooked to the footwear, and in that the flexible linkage (30) is connected to the connecting member (14, 58).
  8. Binding device according to claim 7, characterized in that the connecting member comprises a hook (58) connected to the binding device (10) only by the flexible linkage (30), and which is adapted to get hooked on a hooking bar (50) of the footwear (46).
  9. Binding device according to claim 8, characterized in that, in the absence of the footwear, the hook (58) is automatically returned by the elastic return system (20, 30) to a resting position that is predetermined by the cooperation of the hook (58) with complementary forms (29, 64, 68, 70) of the device (10).
  10. Binding device according to claim 9, characterized in that it comprises an opening mechanism (54, 62) that drives the hook (58) from its resting position to a cleared waiting position allowing the positioning of a footwear, and in that, when the hook (58) returns to its resting position, the hooking bar (50) of the footwear is arranged on the trajectory of the hook (58) to ensure its hooking on the bar (50).
  11. Binding device according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that the retaining system is constituted of a jaw adapted to receive a rod for articulating the footwear in the manner of a hinge.
  12. Binding device according to claim 7, characterized in that the connecting member (14) is part of the retaining system and is capable of moving in relation to the sports article between a low position and a high position, in that the footwear is adapted to be hooked on the connecting member, and in that the flexible linkage (30) of the elastic return system connects the elastic member (20) to the connecting member (14) in order to return the connecting member and the footwear to their low position.
  13. Binding device according to claim 12, characterized in that the connecting member (14) is connected to the sports article by a guiding mechanism (16).
  14. Binding device according to claim 13, characterized in that the guiding mechanism comprises at least one rocker bar (16) articulated with respect to the sports article.
  15. Binding device according to combined claims 3 and 14, characterized in that the pulley is coaxial with the axle (A1) for articulating the rocker bar (16) in relation to the sports article.
  16. Binding device according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that it comprises a base (12) that is affixed to the sports article, and in that the elastic member (20) is connected to the sports article by means of the base (12).
  17. Binding device according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that the connecting member (14) comprises a convex surface (19) that takes support on the sports article.
  18. Binding device according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that it comprises, in addition to the elastic return system, a rigid or elastic abutment (72) acting at the end of the footwear travel.
  19. Binding device according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that it comprises a mechanism for adjusting the stiffness of the elastic member (20).
  20. Binding device according to claim 19, characterized in that the mechanism for adjusting the stiffness allows adjusting a more or less substantial pre-stress of the elastic member (20).
  21. Binding device according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that the return (34) and the end of the flexible linkage that is connected to the footwear are arranged at a short distance from one another.
  22. Binding device according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that the end of the flexible linkage (30) connected to the footwear and the return (34) are arranged in the vicinity of the metatarsophalangeal articulation zone of the user's foot when the footwear is in the low position.
EP03028041A 2003-01-21 2003-12-08 Binding with an offset energy Expired - Fee Related EP1440713B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR0300811 2003-01-21
FR0300811A FR2850031B1 (en) 2003-01-21 2003-01-21 Energy fixing deportee

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP1440713A1 EP1440713A1 (en) 2004-07-28
EP1440713B1 true EP1440713B1 (en) 2008-01-23

Family

ID=32525008

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP03028041A Expired - Fee Related EP1440713B1 (en) 2003-01-21 2003-12-08 Binding with an offset energy

Country Status (7)

Country Link
US (2) US6964428B2 (en)
EP (1) EP1440713B1 (en)
AT (1) AT384561T (en)
DE (1) DE60318809T2 (en)
FR (1) FR2850031B1 (en)
NO (1) NO327546B1 (en)
RU (1) RU2288017C2 (en)

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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
DE60318809D1 (en) 2008-03-13
NO327546B1 (en) 2009-08-10
FR2850031A1 (en) 2004-07-23
US7320474B2 (en) 2008-01-22
DE60318809T2 (en) 2009-01-22
US20060012152A1 (en) 2006-01-19
EP1440713A1 (en) 2004-07-28
US20040164519A1 (en) 2004-08-26
RU2004101728A (en) 2005-06-27
US6964428B2 (en) 2005-11-15
FR2850031B1 (en) 2006-08-11
RU2288017C2 (en) 2006-11-27
NO20040244L (en) 2004-07-22
AT384561T (en) 2008-02-15

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