EP1399230A1 - Construction kit - Google Patents

Construction kit

Info

Publication number
EP1399230A1
EP1399230A1 EP20020790440 EP02790440A EP1399230A1 EP 1399230 A1 EP1399230 A1 EP 1399230A1 EP 20020790440 EP20020790440 EP 20020790440 EP 02790440 A EP02790440 A EP 02790440A EP 1399230 A1 EP1399230 A1 EP 1399230A1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
components
kit according
construction kit
shaped
elements
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
EP20020790440
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP1399230B1 (en
Inventor
Michael Kretzschmar
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
MEGA BLOKS INTERNATIONAL
Original Assignee
Michael Kretzschmar
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE20202183U priority Critical
Priority to DE20202183U priority patent/DE20202183U1/en
Application filed by Michael Kretzschmar filed Critical Michael Kretzschmar
Priority to PCT/EP2002/013311 priority patent/WO2003063994A1/en
Publication of EP1399230A1 publication Critical patent/EP1399230A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP1399230B1 publication Critical patent/EP1399230B1/en
Application status is Not-in-force legal-status Critical
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63HTOYS, e.g. TOPS, DOLLS, HOOPS OR BUILDING BLOCKS
    • A63H33/00Other toys
    • A63H33/04Building blocks, strips, or similar building parts
    • A63H33/046Building blocks, strips, or similar building parts comprising magnetic interaction means, e.g. holding together by magnetic attraction

Abstract

The invention relates to a construction kit comprising planar and/or three-dimensional components (1, 9), provided with magnetic elements (4) on the corners and/or sides and comprising ferromagnetic balls (11), which can be positioned between the magnetic elements (4) of components (1, 9) that have been placed next to one another, in order to interconnect said components (1, 9) in a removable manner by means of a magnetic bond.

Description

construction kit

The invention relates to a kit, which consists of elements with magnetic elements and ferromagnetic spheres.

Kits of the aforementioned type are particularly useful as children's toys, educational toys, for the production of ornamental articles or for applications in the art, for example for the production of models in the architecture determined.

a kit, it is already known which comprises components in the form of plastic rods with two permanent magnets in the ends and ferromagnetic spheres, which can be placed between the end magnets of two devices to connect them by magnetic adhesion releasably to one another. With these devices two and three dimensional, net-like structures of different design can be formed.

The structures of rod-shaped and spherical part are relatively unstable. Therefore, relatively strong permanent magnets are used and a small pin of iron or ferromagnetic material is used to increase the magnetic forces of adhesion in each plastic rod between the two magnets.

A further disadvantage of the known modular system that only net-shaped or "open" structures can be produced with its help. A modular system of the type described above is the subject of WO 99/60583 Al.

DE 39 10 304 Al discloses a modular, in which the components comprise ferromagnetic contact surfaces and the couplings are permanent magnets or containing (claim 1). According to claim 3 the construction elements, in particular plates, and the clutches may be in particular balls. Claim 4 relates in particular to contact surfaces of the components, which are concave and convex surfaces of the couplings (eg spheres) are adapted. The structure of the balls is shown in Fig. 2 and described in column 4, line 60 to column 5, line 57. These balls are very expensive strakturiert and very expensive to produce. In the application, they have the disadvantage that the components can be aligned only at certain angles to the spherical couplings, because otherwise no l inreichende magnetic liability is established.

The DE 33 23 489 Al discloses a play and instruction means on the basis of spherical elements, wherein the balls comprise magnetic elements. The balls serve to nip strip-shaped elements and retain by the magnetic forces, which are effective between the balls of different layers. In FIG. 3, this is illustrated. The strips are made of "Perspex" and have no ferromagnetic elements.

On this basis, the invention has for its object to provide a modular system that is not limited to the creation of reticular structures and in which the structures are sufficiently stabilized without special measures to increase the magnetic adhesive forces. The object is achieved by a building set with the features of claim 1. Advantageous embodiments of the kit are specified in the subclaims.

The kit according to the invention has two-dimensional and / or three-dimensional elements with magnetic elements in corners and / or sides and ferromagnetic spheres, which are settable between magnetic elements each set devices to connect the components by magnetic adhesion releasably to one another.

Characterized comprising scale and modular / or spatial components, the stability of the created with the aid of these components and ferromagnetic balls tables structures compared to the known building block with rod-shaped elements and balls is greatly improved. This makes it possible to manage with a relatively weak magnets, and to avoid additional ferromagnetic components within the components. Furthermore, the construction of particularly large stable structures is favored. In addition, the two-dimensional or three-dimensional components have the advantage that they make it possible to create more or less closed structures, which increases the game charm and many interesting applications possible. In addition, magnetic field interference can be avoided through the use of less powerful magnetic forces that attract example small parts or interfere with watches or other precision mechanical components.

The sheet-like elements extend substantially in an area, but they may have a certain transverse dimension to the surface. The spatial components extend substantially in all directions in space. In contrast, the rod-shaped elements extending from the prior art substantially only along an axis and have only a small extension in the transverse direction.

In planar devices, the magnetic elements are preferably aligned in substantially the bisector of corners of the two large parallel side faces of the sheet-like components. The magnetic elements are preferably arranged at the corners parallel to the two large side faces, preferably approximately in the middle therebetween.

In spatial components, the magnetic elements are preferably aligned at the corners essentially on all bisector that limit these spatial corners. This means for example in a cube that the magnetic elements are aligned substantially on diagonals running from the center of the cube to the corners.

The flat components can be, for example domed area components. The two-dimensional or three-dimensional components can be designed in many forms. They can be closed or open components components such as frame-shaped components that run in an area or define a three-dimensional shape.

According to a preferred embodiment, the components are plate-shaped. With plate-shaped components very many interesting and particularly stable structures can be realized. In the devices, the magnetic elements are preferably arranged in corners. In addition or instead, they may be located in sides of the components, in particular in narrow sides of the flat elements.

The plate-shaped components may be devices having any number of corners. Also, the plate-shaped elements may have curved sides. According to a further embodiment of the kit includes triangular and / or rectangular and / or hexagonal and / or octagonal and / or circular and / or semi-circular plate-shaped components.

In a further embodiment the kit comprises isosceles and / or non-isosceles triangles and / or square and square or double and / or multiple square plate-shaped components.

According to one embodiment of the modular polyhedral comprises (for example, cube-shaped, cuboid-shaped, prism-shaped pyramid-shaped, pyramid-cone-shaped) and / or spherical and / or spherical segment-shaped and / or cylindrical and / or cylindrical segment-shaped and / or barrel-shaped and / or barrel section-shaped and / or toroidal and / or torusabschnittsförmige spatial components.

According to one embodiment of the modular components, which have a bevel on their edges comprises. This favors it, connecting sections of a variety elements at the edges.

According to one embodiment of the modular components whose walls are thinner than between their edges at the edges comprises. According to one embodiment of the modular devices having at the corners and / or sides of recesses for receiving a portion of a sphere comprises. This allows each zurücken the components closely or substantially accommodate the balls in the corners of the devices.

According to a further embodiment, the recesses are formed by chamfers on the corners of the components and / or essentially ku gelabschnittsförmige waimenförmige or recesses at the corners and / or the sides of the devices.

According to one embodiment, the magnetic elements are aligned with their axes substantially on a bisector in the corners. Thereby, the magnetic holding forces are advantageously aligned with the components or the balls. For this purpose, the magnetic elements are directed with their axes substantially perpendicular to the sides, or the recesses in the sides according to an embodiment of the components with magnetic elements in the sides.

According to a further embodiment, the magnetic elements are cylindrical.

According to a preferred embodiment, the magnetic elements are permanent magnets. Basically, it is also possible to make the magnetic elements as electric magnets.

The kit comprises components in particular rigidly executed. According to one embodiment of the modular system comprises at least one deformable element. This device is manually by the user or deformable by means of a tool. It can be a plastic or elastic deformable component in particular. So the user can build structures that leave the default grid of components. Also, it may include in its structure by means of elastic components verfonnbarer voltage states.

According to one embodiment, the kit comprises at least one component with a light source. So the user can create interesting lighting effects. Preferably, the device is additionally provided in the manner already described with magnetic elements, and can be integrated into structures by means of ferro- magnetic balls. but it can also have other assembly techniques, such as suction cup mount.

According to a preferred embodiment is an electric light source. According to a further embodiment of the kit includes an electrical power source, eg a battery, an accumulator or a power pack. The voltage source may be used for the supply of the electrical light source and / or electrical magnetic elements. It can for example be integrated into another device or in the device with the light source, for example, when using a battery button cell. but they can also be integrated into the base plate or be a separate modular element.

According to another embodiment, the components at least partially of plastic and / or metal and / or wood. The magnetic elements and / or the light sources or a version thereof, and / or the voltage source may in particular poured into the components and / or injected and / or used to be.

Preferably, the components are injection molded from plastic.

According to one embodiment of the kit includes at least one cube with differently marked side surfaces. The side faces of a cube may be all or only in part different. Preference is given to the side faces of symbols and / or designations of construction elements and / or of spheres and / or disposed of special game instructions. For example, a can or more players can erwürfeln which they may use for a construction with the help of the cube components or Kugehi. In a kind of competition can then determine who builds the highest, most daring and most beautiful design with the erwürfelten components. A term that is associated with a particular game instruction, for example, can be a "wild card." The dice of the Joker can allow, for example a player to select any component. Another "name" for example, can be one of any information free side. If a player throws such a blank page, he may take no component. Another conceivable designation is a number that represents the number of devices that can take the player.

According to one embodiment of the modular black and / or white and / or colored components and / or ferromagnetic balls comprising. In particular, the modular components and / or balls may include different colors or in black or in white. Furthermore, an advantageous embodiment provides that the construction kit comprises a base plate, the recesses and / or other surface structures and / or other magnetic elements comprises, in the balls and / or devices are used and / or with which spheres and / or components by magnetic adhesion are releasably connectable. Based on the base plate advantageous structures can be constructed starting from the grid that is specified by the base plate. The base plate is a useful aid in building stable structures, especially if they reach large dimensions.

It is also possible to provide a base plate on both sides with recesses and / or other surface structures and / or other magnetic elements, for example in different grids, to allow for different structures. Furthermore, such a double-sided base plate can be used to cover structures and in turn to build out new structures.

According to one embodiment, the recesses and / or other surface structures on a circular and / or elongated shape. Hereby, the base plate for the setting up of devices can be used which have different edge lengths, for example for square plates and triangles, isosceles or non-isosceles triangles.

According to one embodiment the base plate is carried out in black and / or white and / or colored. According to one embodiment the base plate is made of plastic. Furthermore, the further magnetic elements of the base plate are preferably permanent magnets. Especially with a base plate but the other magnetic elements can also be electric magnets to lend by particularly strong magnetic forces of the entire structure a special stability.

According to one embodiment of the kit includes a container having a bottom part with compartments containing components and balls and a detachable from the lower part, the base plate having the upper part. so that the top has a dual function as a game base and cover of the container for storage and transport of the devices and bullets.

According to one embodiment of the kit includes a container having a base and a hinged lid each made of plastic and at least one insert with compartments containing components and spheres. According to one embodiment, the use is also made of plastic. According to one embodiment, the container and / or the use of a transparent plastic. According to one embodiment of the hinged cover is articulated via a film hinge to the lower part. According to one embodiment the container and / or the insert is folded from a flat plastic material and joined at the corners by gluing, welding or other connection. According to one embodiment of the kit includes a base plate used.

The invention is explained below with reference to the accompanying drawings of embodiments. In the drawings:

. (Fig. La) Figure la and b, a square plate-shaped component in the plan view and in side view (Fig. Lb); Figs. 2a and b, a double square planar component in plan view and in side view (Fig. 2b) (Fig. 2a);

Fig. 3a-c is a triangular planar element in plan view (Fig. 3a), in a view from the left side (Fig. 3b) and in a view from the right side (Fig. 3c);

. Fig. 4a-c prism structure formed with components according to FIG 1 and 3 and ferromagnetic balls in front view (Fig. 4a), side view (Fig. 4b) and a further side view (Fig. 4c);

Fig. 5 pyramid-shaped structure, formed of devices according to Figures 3 and ferromagnetic spheres in plan view.

FIGS. 6a-c a base plate having recesses for receiving the balls in the plan view (FIG. 6a), side view (Fig. 6b) and in the same side view with an inserted ball (Fig. 6c),

Fig. 7a-c a container for components and balls in a plan view of the upper part (Fig. 7a), a plan view of the lower part and in a vertical section (Fig. 7c) (Figure 7b.);

8 shows a cube in a perspective side view.

Fig. 9 Table with dice symbols, and game rules. In the following description of various embodiments corresponding features are each provided with the same reference numerals.

According to Fig. 1 has a square plate-shaped component 1, a plate 2, which has at the four corners each have a small bevel 3 at an angle of 45 ° to the edges.

Further, in each corner of a magnetic element 4 is used in the form of a small cylindrical permanent magnets. The axes of the magnetic elements 4 are accurately aligned to the bisector of the limiting edges, the corners of the plate 2 and the center of the disk. 2

Further, the plate 2 on the edges on both sides an encircling chamfer. 5

In the example, the plate 2 has side lengths of about 40 mm and a wall thickness of about 5 mm. Further, in the example, the magnets 4 are inserted with a diameter of about 4 mm and a length of about 5 mm.

Fig. 2a shows a double-square plate-shaped component 6, which has a relative to the plate 1 doubled side length (approximately 80 mm) a plate 7. The plate 7 has, in turn, 3. There are magnetic elements 4 are integrated at the corners of chamfers in the plates. 7 Outer running on both sides to a chamfer. 5

Further, the plate-shaped component 6 in the middle of the two long edges has trough-like recesses 8. At the bottom of these recesses 8 are, in turn, the magnetic elements 4 arranged in the plate. The recesses 8 are dimensioned so that a portion of spheres having a diameter of 12.7 mm (1/2 inch) can be received therein.

The recesses 8 have a width of about 13 mm and a depth of about 3.5 mm in the example.

According to Fig. 3 a triangular plate-like element 9 comprises a plate 10 in the form of an isosceles triangle having chamfers 3 at the corners, which extend perpendicularly to the bisector between the corners delimiting the edges.

In the plate 10, in turn, sit under the chamfers 3 magnetic elements 4 with cylindrical shape, whose axes are aligned with the bisector of the corners.

The side length of the plate 10, that is the measured from a hypothetical corner to corner distance, corresponds to the side length of the plate 2, that is about 40 mm. The plate 10 also has a wall thickness of about 5 mm.

According to Fig. 4 and 5, the above-described components 1 and 9 are used together with ferromagnetic Kugehi 11 to generate structures. Here, the ferromagnetic spheres are placed respectively over the magnetic elements 4. 11, so that the distance between the centers of the balls is about 45 mm.

According to Figs. 4a-c is a prism-shaped structure made of three square plate-shaped components 1, two triangular plate-shaped components realized 9 and six ferromagnetic balls 11. In the views of the balls 11 are partly omitted in order to release the view of the chamfers 3, and the magnetic elements. 4 It can be seen well that a portion of the balls 11 is placed in the area of ​​the chamfers 3, and thereby the components 1, 9 are closely aneinanderrückbar.

FIG. 5 shows a pyramidal or tetrahedral structure, formed by four triangular plate-shaped elements 9 and four ferromagnetic balls 11.

Of course, the components 1, 9, 6, and any other components which are encompassed by this invention can be assembled into structures of virtually any size and complexity. Other than the above dimensions are possible.

Referring to FIG. 6 serves as an aid for building structures, a base plate 12 consisting of a plate-shaped body 13, having on at least one side a plurality of recesses 14. The wells are conical selected in the example, but can also have other shapes. The recesses 14 have the advantage that balls used are 11 held only on a circumferential line on the circumference, so that they are indeed precisely fixed, but are again dissolved out with little force.

In the example, the base plate is generally square and has a side length of about 500 mm. The distance between the recesses 14 corresponds to the distance between the center of the balls 11, wemi they are associated with the magnet 4 of the elements 1, 6, 9, that is about 45 mm. The elements 1, 6, 9 and / or the base body 12 can be manufactured in particular of plastic, in particular by spraying. The magnetic elements 4 can be encapsulated by the plastic material.

The Kugehi 11 can be manufactured from a ferrous material which is attracted by a magnet. Preferably, a stainless iron material is used. The balls 11 may also have coatings.

According to Fig. 7 comprises a container 15, a lower part 16 with a bottom part 17 and a Aufhahmeteil 18, are formed in the different compartments 19th The compartments 19 serve to receive components and balls. They are matched in size to be included in each construction elements and spheres.

The Aumahmeteil 18 has a peripheral edge 20 which defines a top recording.

In the recording, a top member 21 is inserted. This comprises a base plate 12 ', the non-circular recesses 14' is an elongated recess 14 "includes that are rounded at the ends. The width of the elongated depressions 14" corresponds to the diameter of the circular recesses 14 'and its length three times the diameter of the circular recesses 14 '.

The depressions 14 '14' are through holes of the base plate 14 '. The upper part 21 includes a thin cover plate 22 which is disposed below the base plate 12' and covers the holes. The container 15 can be completely or partially of plastic and / or wood and / or metal (eg aluminum) or other suitable material.

Referring to FIG. 8 has a modular belonging to the dice 23 six sides 24 with different symbols.

The assignment of the symbols to the sides is shown in the table in Fig. 9. Hence, the rules are seen to be observed at dice a certain symbol of a teammate:

When Würfehi the first side of the player may take a quadratic component and a ball.

In dice the second page he is entitled to a rectangular component and a ball.

When Würfehi the third side of the player is entitled to take a triangular element and a ball from the stock.

In the fourth side he gets a trapezoidal component and a ball.

the player rolls the fifth page, so he is entitled to two balls.

At dice the sixth page he has free choice from a component of any shape and a ball or he may take four balls. Any variations are possible.

By means of one or more cube 22 may, for example, competitive games between different appearance are performed organized. Each player has a certain number of dice and he must build a structure with the erwürfelten stock of components and balls. The results of the players are based on one or more specific criteria are compared (for example, height of the structure) and so the winner determined.

Claims

Claims
1. Modular with planar and / or spatial components (1, 9) with magnetic elements (4) in corners and / or sides and ferromagnetic balls (11) which together set between the magnetic elements (4) components (1, 9) are settable to the components (1, 9) to be connected detachably to one another by magnetic adhesion.
2. Construction kit according to claim 1, the plate-shaped components (1, 9).
3. Construction kit according to one of claims 1 and 2, the triangular and / or rectangular and / or hexagonal and / or octagonal and / or circular and / or semi-circular plate-shaped components (1, 9).
4. Construction kit according to claim 4, isosceles and / or unequal triangular and / or square and / or double-square and / or multiple square plate-shaped elements (1, 6, 9).
5. Construction kit according to one of claims 1 to 4, the polyhedral and / or spherical and / or kugelabscbnittsförmige and / or cylindrical and / or cylindrical segment-shaped and / or barrel and / or barrel section-shaped and / or toroidal and / or torus section shaped spatial components comprises ,
6. Construction kit according to one of claims 1 to 5, the components (1, 9) having a chamfer (5) at their edges.
7. Construction kit according to one of claims 1 to 6, the components (1, 6, 9) whose walls are thinner than between their edges running at the edges.
comprise 8. Construction kit according to one of claims 1 to 7, with components that at the corners and / or sides of the recesses (3, 8) for receiving a portion of a ball (11).
9. Construction kit according to claim 6, wherein the recesses by bevels (3) at the corners of the components and / or essentially ball segment-shaped or trough-shaped recesses (8) at the corners and / or the sides of the elements (1, 6, 9) are formed.
10. Module according to any of claims 1 to 9, wherein the magnets are aligned with their axes substantially on the bisector corners.
11. Module according to any of claims 1 to 10, wherein the magnets are aligned with their axes substantially perpendicular to the sides of the devices.
12. Construction kit according to one of claims 1 to 11, wherein the magnetic elements (4) are cylindrical.
13. Module according to any of claims 1 to 12, wherein the magnetic elements (4) are permanent magnets.
14. Construction kit according to one of claims 1 to 13, comprising at least one plastic and / or at least one elastically deformable component (1, 6, 9).
15. Construction kit according to one of claims 1 to 14, the at least one component (1, 6, 9) with a light source.
16. Construction kit according to claim 15, the at least one component (1, 6, 9) with an electrical light source.
17. Module according to any of claims 1 to 16, which comprises at least one source of electrical voltage.
comprises 18 Construction kit according to one of claims 1 to 17, the components of (1, 6, 9) of plastic and / or metal and / or wood.
19. Construction kit according to claim 18, in which the components (1, 6, 9) at least partly injection molded from plastic.
20. Construction kit according to one of claims 1 to 19, comprising at least one die (23) with differently marked side surfaces (24).
disposed of special game instructions 21. Construction kit according to claim 20, wherein on the side surfaces (24) of the cube (23), symbols and / or designations of construction elements (1, 6, 9) and / or of spheres (11) and / or ,
comprises 22 Construction kit according to one of claims 1 to 21, the black and / or white and / or colored construction elements (1, 6, 9) and / or ferromagnetic spheres (11) and / or cubes (23).
23. Module according to any of claims 1 to 22, which comprises a base plate (12), the recesses (14) and or other surface structures and / or other magnetic elements comprises, in the balls (11) and / or elements (1, 6, 9) are partly insertable and / or with which spheres (11) and / or component (1, 6, 9) are detachably connected.
24. Construction kit according to claim 23, wherein the recesses (14) and / or other surface structures have a circular and / or elongated shape.
25. Construction kit according to one of claims 1 to 24, the detachable a container (15) having a lower part (16) with compartments (19) for construction elements (1, 6, 9) and spheres (11) and a the lower part (16) , the base plate (12) having complete upper part (21).
26. Construction kit according to one of claims 1 to 25, comprising a Behältms with a base and a hinged lid each made of plastic and at least one insert with compartments containing components and spheres.
EP20020790440 2002-02-01 2002-11-26 Construction kit Not-in-force EP1399230B1 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE20202183U 2002-02-01
DE20202183U DE20202183U1 (en) 2002-02-01 2002-02-01 Construction kit
PCT/EP2002/013311 WO2003063994A1 (en) 2002-02-01 2002-11-26 Construction kit

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP1399230A1 true EP1399230A1 (en) 2004-03-24
EP1399230B1 EP1399230B1 (en) 2004-11-10

Family

ID=7967708

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP20020790440 Not-in-force EP1399230B1 (en) 2002-02-01 2002-11-26 Construction kit

Country Status (10)

Country Link
US (3) US7066778B2 (en)
EP (1) EP1399230B1 (en)
JP (1) JP2005525148A (en)
CN (1) CN100479896C (en)
AT (1) AT281876T (en)
CA (1) CA2489575C (en)
DE (2) DE20202183U1 (en)
ES (1) ES2232783T3 (en)
HK (1) HK1077770A1 (en)
WO (1) WO2003063994A1 (en)

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