EP1353588B1 - Device and method for the automatic handover of goods - Google Patents

Device and method for the automatic handover of goods Download PDF

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Publication number
EP1353588B1
EP1353588B1 EP02702309A EP02702309A EP1353588B1 EP 1353588 B1 EP1353588 B1 EP 1353588B1 EP 02702309 A EP02702309 A EP 02702309A EP 02702309 A EP02702309 A EP 02702309A EP 1353588 B1 EP1353588 B1 EP 1353588B1
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EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
container
goods
device
user
characterised
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
EP02702309A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
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EP1353588A1 (en
Inventor
Aldo Hermann Fobbe
Jesper Okkels
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Wuebbe Roland
Original Assignee
Wuebbe Roland
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE10103756 priority Critical
Priority to DE10103756A priority patent/DE10103756C1/en
Application filed by Wuebbe Roland filed Critical Wuebbe Roland
Priority to PCT/EP2002/000757 priority patent/WO2002058519A1/en
Publication of EP1353588A1 publication Critical patent/EP1353588A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP1353588B1 publication Critical patent/EP1353588B1/en
Application status is Active legal-status Critical
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47GHOUSEHOLD OR TABLE EQUIPMENT
    • A47G29/00Miscellaneous supports, holders, or containers for household use
    • A47G29/14Deposit receptacles for food, e.g. breakfast, milk, or large parcels; Similar receptacles for food or large parcels with appliances for preventing unauthorised removal of the deposited articles, i.e. food or large parcels
    • A47G29/141Deposit receptacles for food, e.g. breakfast, milk, or large parcels; Similar receptacles for food or large parcels with appliances for preventing unauthorised removal of the deposited articles, i.e. food or large parcels comprising electronically controlled locking means
    • G07C9/33
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07FCOIN-FREED OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • G07F17/00Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services
    • G07F17/10Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services for means for safe-keeping of property, left temporarily, e.g. by fastening the property
    • G07F17/12Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services for means for safe-keeping of property, left temporarily, e.g. by fastening the property comprising lockable containers, e.g. for accepting clothes to be cleaned
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47GHOUSEHOLD OR TABLE EQUIPMENT
    • A47G29/00Miscellaneous supports, holders, or containers for household use
    • A47G29/14Deposit receptacles for food, e.g. breakfast, milk, or large parcels; Similar receptacles for food or large parcels with appliances for preventing unauthorised removal of the deposited articles, i.e. food or large parcels
    • A47G29/141Deposit receptacles for food, e.g. breakfast, milk, or large parcels; Similar receptacles for food or large parcels with appliances for preventing unauthorised removal of the deposited articles, i.e. food or large parcels comprising electronically controlled locking means
    • A47G2029/144Deposit receptacles for food, e.g. breakfast, milk, or large parcels; Similar receptacles for food or large parcels with appliances for preventing unauthorised removal of the deposited articles, i.e. food or large parcels comprising electronically controlled locking means the receptacle being transportable and attachable to a building

Abstract

The invention relates to a device and to a method for receiving ordered goods and/or for providing goods for the purpose of collection, especially in the absence of the user. The inventive device comprises a lockable container for the goods, as well as an input device and a control with a memory element. The inventive method makes use of said reception/provision device. The aim of the invention is to provide a device and a method for receiving ordered goods and/or for providing goods for collection that is easy to handle and requires little constructive measures on the private or business domicile of the respective user. To this end, a control unit (18) comprising at least the input device (6), the control (7) and the memory element (8) for an expected delivery/collection is positioned with the container (2) in front of the private or business domicile. Once the goods have been ordered, the user inputs the order information (9) obtained for activating the reception/provision device (1) into the memory element (8) of the reception/provision device (1) and the transportable reception/provision device (1) for the expected delivery or collection of goods (11) is positioned in front of the private or business domicile.

Description

The invention relates to a device for receiving ordered Goods and / or provision of goods for collection without personal handover of the goods to or by the user, according to the preamble of claim 1. The invention also relates to a Procedure for receiving ordered goods and / or making them available of goods for collection without personal delivery Goods to or by the user, using such a Device according to the preamble of claim 12.

It has now become common to look at books, CDs, groceries or to order other goods by phone or internet and to his Have your home or place of business delivered. In many cases, these Goods have been delivered and the recipients (users) are not present to to receive the goods. In this case, only one comes Delivery to neighbors or other people with the related Uncertainty in question or on the part of the deliverer is another Attempt to deliver. It is also often the result of complaints or incorrect deliveries require the return of goods, the Senders are waiting for a pickup or those who previously received the Commodity must follow the paths described. Overcoming the so-called "last mile", the way described above by the deliverer and to the recipient of the goods or from the sender to the collector of the Goods can thus be a significant logistical effort and thereby incurred costs. To deliver goods To allow even when the recipients are absent are automatic Receiving devices for goods have been developed, the one Represent the type of interface between the deliverer and the recipient.

International patent application WO 00/57759 already contains one automatic receiving device known that a delivery of by phone, Goods ordered via the Internet or by e-mail to someone Recipient, even if he is absent. The most important A standardized transport container is part of this system. This is tub-shaped and can be closed with a lid. Preferably the container is made of plastic. His walls can be thermally insulated so that it can be frozen or closed for a few hours cooling goods can be stored therein. In addition, the container with the cover removed, preferably stackable or collapsible educated. On the outside of the container are selected Positions encoded information in the form of magnetic strips or barcodes attached. The crucial specialty of this container is that its external dimensions and the positions of the Placing the coded information on the outside of the container exactly to the dimensions of the receiving devices required for reception the containers are to be set up in the respective houses have to be - or vice versa.

This known receiving device has an opening in the Exterior wall of the recipient's house, whose clear width essentially corresponds to the outer dimensions of the container. This Breakthrough is suspended by an outer, pivotable top Flap lockable. To prevent intrusion of people, animals or unwanted Items in a flap To prevent box-shaped space, the flap can be locked. There are sensors in the area of the opening and outside in front of the flap arranged, about the coded information located on the container are legible. In the event that the information read after any decryption with the information about a expected goods delivery match, the outer flap opens and the container must be pushed so far into the box-shaped space be up to another coded information on the front Front of the container is arranged from one on the rear Rear wall of the box-shaped room arranged sensor detected becomes. At this point in time and if any more are assigned to the gap Sensors, for example, the standard dimensions of the container as well as the usual weight and also usual temperature properties avoid, the outer flap closes. The back wall of the box-shaped Intermediate space is designed as a further inner flap that is only unlocked when the outer flap after inserting one Container is closed and locked. Now the delivered one can Container from the box-shaped space manually or automatically, for example, on a conveyor belt, and removed be placed on a storage rack. With automatic execution and enough space in the storage rack, it is also possible to have several Receive containers in a row.

Also described in this international patent application WO 00/57759 the receiving device does not have an outer flap, a to provide a box-shaped space and an inner flap, but only to provide an outer flap to which the storage rack is attached followed. Here, however, the sensors, for example the weight, dimensions and temperature of the containers capture, also be arranged in front of the outer flap. Since therefore only a single flap is provided, which gives access to the Represents a house, it must be designed to be particularly burglar-proof become. Alternatively, it should be possible to use the box-shaped space to be arranged outside the house, only then the rear Flap is arranged in the outer wall of the house. Can also below another flap may be provided over the outer flap an empty container upon receipt of a newly ordered consignment is returned, because the containers always have to be returned to the delivery group to be led back.

To control the sensors that cause the outer flap to open, WO 00/57759 provides that after ordering the goods by phone, over the Internet or e-mail from the computer that receives the device controls at home, an order code is used. This Order code can also be found in encrypted form on the coded Information of the standardized container again and will be on delivery a previously ordered goods read by the sensors and by the Computer of the receiving device is recognized, which then opens the causes outer flap. There is therefore no need for the Order code is known to the shipping company. It is enough, that to this company information about the details of the recipient how name and address are transmitted.

This previously described system for automatic receipt of ordered Shipments of goods prove to be disadvantageous. On the one hand elaborate sensors and interlocks must be provided, to prevent people, animals and other objects from entering the box-shaped space behind the outer flap and thus to avoid entering the corresponding house. For security to increase, packaging of the goods in the form of standardized Transport container with lid used, the outer dimensions to the clear width of the opening in the house wall and the underlying box-shaped space are adapted and thus fill in the space. These additional shipping containers represent an additional freight weight, which the supplier person must carry as an additional weight. Because the entire receiving device is on the standardized or standardized container must be The introduction of such a system is only a multitude of such Containers are put into circulation, with corresponding high investments connected is. The return of the empty containers is also possible as very complex because they are also managed logistically have to. The use of this receiving device for apartment buildings is problematic because there is a storage rack behind the inner flap It should be provided that only the authorized recipient has access to allowed the delivered goods container.

In the even older FR 2 615 895 A, one is also built into an exterior wall of a house built-in usable with two doors lock-like Receiving box for goods delivered free of charge described. The supplier the goods open the outer door - like a safe - by means of one of them transmitted by the customer (recipient), from a variety of, by digit number given to the recipient, options selected, which is stored in a door opening device. To the delivery to get the goods confirmed, the supplier uses an im Marking device arranged inside the box, indicating delivery stored under the determined digit code in the receiving box Goods acknowledged. With the reclosing of the outer door the digit code used locked so that the supplier no longer the door could open - for example, unlawfully when the goods are handed over undo. This reception box is therefore a possibility ready to transfer ownership of the delivered goods without personal Ensure acceptance by the recipient. This method is therefore a significant logistical one for the circle of suppliers Problem because different customers choose a particular supplier could communicate the same number code, so that confusion can occur when delivering the goods. For a larger group of recipients and suppliers as well as for an increasing number of This procedure is not suitable for "recipient-free" free home deliveries.

US-A-4,894,717 discloses a receiving station with a variety of Receiving boxes for large buildings are described that are used for goods transfer serve to the recipient who is not present. The supplier chooses one free box, which he opens using a supplier code. This The system is only suitable for large objects with the appropriate infrastructure. A quick system spread, especially for the big ones Number of customers in private homes is not possible.

In JP-A-11018916 and especially in US-A-5,774,053 a Receiving box described in an outer wall of the building, which has a Communication device for reporting the receipt of goods or the collection of goods. In a memory of the communication device code numbers are stored for the various suppliers; For Each supplier can have additional codes for different delivery people be provided. A telecommunications network connects the Reception box with a computer in the buyer's / recipient's apartment and a supplier's computer. In addition, in the communication device code numbers for different buyers / recipients stored so that communication between the Buyer / recipient, the seller / supplier and the reception box is possible for the purpose of doing business over the Internet. Here awards the buyer a code for the order. The disadvantages of this system exist u. a. in that (i) only a selected group of suppliers receives system access; (ii) the code number management by the Customers at great expense for the supplier (which is possible if possible many different customers) leads, and (iii) a quick one System distribution, d. H. Possibility of use by very many participants, is not possible because only a few houses / buildings have a permanent Attachment option for reception boxes connected to a data network are connected.

Starting from this prior art, in particular from WO 00/57759, the present invention has for its object a inexpensive device and an inexpensive method for the Receiving ordered goods and / or delivering goods for a collection without handing over the goods, which or which without additional, for. B. serving as outer packaging, standardized transport containers in particular and flexible to the is adaptable to different user situations. Are desirable easy handling and low structural measures the residential or business headquarters of the respective user. This is supposed to rapid system distribution with as many system users as possible become. Another task is to create a delivery system create an unlimited number of participants in e-commerce allows access.

This invention is achieved by a receiving / providing device solved the features of claim 1. Regarding a procedure this object is achieved by the features of claim 12 solved. Advantageous embodiments of the invention are the subclaims 2 to 11, 13 to 16.

According to the invention is in the device for receiving ordered Goods and / or for the provision of goods for collection without personal delivery of the goods to or by the user, at least the storage element or at least part of at least the Control, the storage element and the input means, comprehensive control unit of the receiving / providing device transportable. The portable part of the receiving / providing device will be used for an expected delivery or pickup before the living or place of business of the user where, if necessary, a not to part of the receiving / provisioning device provided for the intended transportation already located. In a first embodiment form the control unit and the container one with the other connected unit. If the container for the respective goods transfer be positioned in front of or outside the home or business location can, the receiving / providing device mostly without major structural changes to the building of the respective living or place of business can be used immediately.

According to an alternative embodiment, the receiving / providing device at least one (inner) interface in the Form on that at least the storage element can be removed from the container is. This also applies if the receiving / providing device as a whole (as intended) is transportable to the container only if necessary for more suitable and more accessible for the deliverer Place of residence or place of residence of the user.

The interface can also be provided so that the entire control unit or at least a part of the memory element containing the memory element Control unit can be removed from the container. hereby is it the user z. B. possible to use the "intelligent" Part of the receiving / delivery device that has a certain financial Has value and, in a way, more sensitive than the pure one Container or simple mechanical controls of the same, Can be used in different containers, especially in containers different capacities or different length / width / height ratios. So the user can choose a whole set of different quite inexpensive container by connecting to the "intelligent" Link part, which he only has to have once, to himself to sensibly adjust to different deliveries. Another Advantage of such internal interfaces comes into play when a. B. in a hotel or apartment complex (apartment block) installed container (or a container system) for the use of different Users (hotel guests or apartment residents) optional can be used. Then an initially "non-intelligent" box by inserting the "intelligent heart" for personal reception and a particular user's provisioning device through the "intelligent heart" also with a container or box code equipped and therefore clearly identifiable for the supplier is.

Another embodiment provides for an externally accessible, lockable room, such as a garage, as a reception / preparation device or to use as their container. Then the Locking device z. B. provided on the garage door. There, or at one nearby suitable location of the garage is also the Control device provided. The use of the "intelligent" heart is then carried out as described above or below.

The memory element that can be used at such an interface from the "non-intelligent" to an "intelligent" receiving / providing device can be made in different ways and be equipped, e.g. B. as a chip card that has its own memory and possibly also your own processor and possibly also one Battery included. Such chip cards are used, among other things, for banking transactions, and cell phones. You just need to provide the order information be rechargeable. After inserting this chip card is the Receiving / providing device for a secure and personal and privately and financially protected goods transfer ready to receive. The user can open the container z. Legs Use a second or twin card.

Another storage element can be a simple barcode-printed one Label that is the printer of the user's personal computer in the course of the ordering process due to the order code generation and communication from the central processing computer to the user prints. In this particularly inexpensive embodiment, this can The label can be inserted behind a window in the container Receiving / providing device in this way "intelligent" do. In this case, only the deliverer (and not every user) has to an input device, such as a laser scanner. In this For example, the supplier's laser scanner can scan the barcode the goods (delivery information) with the barcode in the container (order information) to compare. When the correctness of the assignment is identified the laser scanner can transmit a door opening signal to the container.

In all of these embodiments, there is no permanent data connection between the user's internet connection and his goods receiving device give. Rather, it is usually a physical one Transport process of at least the storage element between the personal computer of the use and the installation site accessible to the supplier of the goods receiving container required. Without the storage element the receiving / providing device remains "unintelligent", so the only possible damage, through destruction, vandalism or the like, only the receiving device which is quite inexpensive as such unusable. An intrusion into a data line, e.g. B. with the built-in laser scanner is therefore definitely excluded.

If, according to a second embodiment, at least the storage element is transportable, you can enter the order information in an even more convenient way in the rooms of the residence or business headquarters of the user. Because the goods in the usual packaging is transported, it is in no case necessary to first standardized containers to put into circulation to such a delivery system to establish.

The container advantageously has — preferably on its rear side - Fasteners, which essentially consist of locking elements, Openings and holding elements exist over which the container on one in front of or on the outer wall of the building of the living or place of business of the recipient arranged fixed component is attached. Via the locking elements, the receiving device simply be secured against theft when the door is open. The stationary component is particularly simple as anchored in the ground Post formed on which the container is suspended. To the stationary component are holding elements for the locking elements and arranged the openings in the container. This will reduce the investment costs kept very low for the necessary structural measures.

Advantageously, the container has a door that has a door lock can be locked and unlocked. The door lock becomes electrical operated by a controller. in a preferred embodiment, the Reception / delivery device to another lock next to the door lock can be dispensed with if the locking elements for the attachment and removal of the container to or from the component lockable and unlockable from the interior of the container are not accessible from the outside after closing the door are.

The controller can preferably have one interface, preferably one USB interface, can be provided to make ordering information particularly easy from a PC into the memory element of the controller.

Because the receiving / providing device is portable and the bracket has particularly simple mechanical components is for the Case that the control unit is part of the container, in the container a power supply, preferably a battery, arranged via the the controller and the input device are supplied.

For easy transport of the receiving / preparation device between the rooms of the residential and business headquarters and the building element for their attachment is on the outside of the container Carrying element, preferably at least one handle or at least a recessed grip arranged.

In a preferred embodiment, the input device is preferably a scanner as a laser scanner, for reading one arranged on the goods Delivery information, preferably in the form of a bar code.

According to the invention, a method for receiving ordered items is also provided Goods and / or providing goods for collection without handing over the goods to or by the user Use of a receiving / providing device available posed. This is characterized by the fact that after a successful Order process by the user an agreed order information for putting the receiving / providing device into standby the storage element of the receiving / providing device entered and for the expected delivery or collection of the goods transportable reception / preparation device in front of the living or Business location of the user is positioned. Alternatively, the user bets the portable storage element or a portable part of the control unit in the position in front of the user's home or place of business Container or the part of the control unit present there. It is therefore particularly easy to enter the order information in the storage element in the rooms of the home and business of the Users and the transportable part of the receiving / providing device only if necessary in front of the place of residence and business be attached. The order information can thus be sent directly from a PC in the receiving / providing device or its storage element be dubbed.

For opening the reception / preparation device on the living or The place of business of the user is a coded delivery information from the deliverer to enter via the input means, advantageously worldwide has only been awarded for this individual delivery process, so that an incorrect delivery or pick-up is excluded, because then the Do not open the door of the receiving / staging device. To successful delivery of the goods from the deliverer or collection of the goods becomes the transportable part of the receiving / providing device, if necessary back into the rooms together with the delivered goods of the user's place of residence or business and brought in beforehand or afterwards the goods are removed.

A particularly preferred embodiment of the invention results from claim 14, which - regardless of the selected Type of data transfer for the order information between the PC of the Users and the reception box - a solution from Represents meaning. Here, the user transfers his goods order by means of remote data transmission, e.g. B. the Internet, only by intermediary a central settlement computer, which initially all tests, such as the presence of an approved reception box, Creditworthiness and system access authorization of the user as well as the supplier and the supplier. Possibly. can the central Settlement calculator also ensure cashless payments. The central settlement computer generates one for the specific one Order processing unique code and communicates the to the store involved this code as order information or delivery information or collection information. This identity code is for all parties involved in this order processing are binding and distinctive, whereby the user must ensure that the identity code entered the storage element of the receiving / providing device becomes. This entry can also be made using a short-range, in particular contactless data transmission means by the user take place, e.g. B. with the help of a so-called blue tooth or IR interface a cell phone or a notebook, which the user with him in order to "close it sharply". A another form of data transfer from the user's personal computer to his goods receiving box can be done that the identity code, d. H. the ordering information, via a data coupler into the power supply network of the building, which is also the receiving box supplied with voltage, is modulated. These ways too Transfer of the order information to the goods receiving box are very easy to use and secure against an attack on the computer of the User from the side of the goods receiving box.

The aforementioned and the claimed and in the exemplary embodiments described components to be used according to the invention in their size, shape, material selection and technical Conception no special exceptions, so that the selection criteria known in the area of application without restriction Can find application.

Further details, features and advantages of the subject matter of the invention emerge from the subclaims and from the following description of the accompanying drawings, in which - by way of example - a preferred exemplary embodiment of the receiving / providing device according to the invention is shown. The drawing shows:

Figure 1
2 shows a perspective view of a receiving / providing device according to the invention,
Figure 2
2 shows a side view of a component with a holding element of the receiving / providing device according to FIG. 1,
Figure 3a to c
Flow charts relating to a request (Fig. 3a), a return (Fig. 3b) and a purchase (Fig. 3c) and
Figure 4
a diagram showing the flow of goods and information.

FIG. 1 shows the receiving device 1 according to the invention in perspective View essentially from a cuboid Container 2 consists of a laterally attached on its front Has door 3 with a door handle 4. Alternatively or in addition to the one Handle 19, the container can also be provided with rollers. On the door 3, a door lock 5 is provided to lock the container 2 to be able to. This door lock 5 is electric for unlocking the door 3 actuatable. In addition, for the owner of the receiving device 1 be provided, the door lock even if the electrical fails Mechanically open actuation using a key or if the power supply 16 fails, which is in the form of a battery the container 2 is arranged to connect an external power supply. For this, a power supply unit with a power plug on the control unit 8 may be provided. The electrical actuation of the door lock 5 is done by entering a coded delivery / pickup information 10 or Kind of general key of the user in a corresponding one, on the outside preferably on the front of the container 2 next to the door arranged, input device 6. Depending on the type of coded delivery / pick-up information 10 the input device can be used as a keyboard, dial, Sensor for light waves (infrared, ultraviolet) or electromechanical Waves (tones, radio, frequency pulses) or as a reader for data carriers such as floppy disks, CDs, Flash-Rom, chip cards, punch cards, magnetic cards, Be formed barcodes. The input device 6 is preferably a Laser scanner formed and arranged in the interior of the container 2 Controller 7 connected to the door lock 5. This control 7 has a memory element 8 in which the user encodes one Order information 9 (Fig. 4) is stored with the receiving / providing device 1 ready for a reception or a Pickup is postponed. This coded order information 9 in the memory element 8 matches or has a specific relationship to the further coded delivery / pick-up information 10. This is the Deliverer or pickup of an ordered product is known and / or is with Delivery preferably attached to the goods 11. This coded delivery information 10 on the product 11 is preferably a barcode for one Laser scanner or / the like trained. Basically everyone can Type of information carriers used by those listed above Input means is readable.

The input of the coded order information 9 by the user in the Storage element 8, which puts the container 2 in readiness, takes place via an interface 15 assigned to the controller 7, for example one USB interface, e.g. B. directly via a conventional personal computer. The ordering information can also be entered using the input means 6 or another input device. Because here user authentication is / should be made, also come Sensors for recognizing a fingerprint or a scan the iris as a means of input.

Furthermore, Figure 1 is in conjunction with Figure 2, which is a side view 1 shows that the receiving / providing device 1 on a component 12 that is a publicly accessible place in front of the home or place of business of the Receiver is located, arranged, preferably hung. In preferred Design, this component 12 is simply designed as a pile, which is anchored in the ground 13. It is also possible as a component 12 to provide a house wall or other parts of the building. The container 2 is for the receipt of the ordered goods 11 via fasteners, the holding elements 17a, b, arranged on the component 12 in the rear of the container 2 arranged openings 20 a, b and one in the container 2 in the region of the opening 20 b arranged locking element 14 exist, hung on the component 12. About the locking device cooperating with the holding element 17b 14 is the container 2 in a manner that can be detached again by the user if necessary connected to the device 12 to steal the receiving / providing device 1, especially after delivery the goods 11 to prevent. For attaching the container 2 to the holding element 17a, 17b of the component 12, the container 2 the hook-shaped holding element 17a with its upper opening 20a hung. Then the container 2 with its lower opening 20b in the rear wall onto the lower pin-shaped holding element 17b postponed. The opening 20b surrounds the holding element 17b in the essentially positive. For locking the lower holding element 17b a circumferential groove is provided at the free end thereof, into which a plate-shaped arranged on the inside of the container 2 Swivel element with an opening like a keyhole is pivotable. The holding elements 17a, 17b can also simply on a house wall can be arranged as a component.

Furthermore, the material of the container 2 can correspond to the respective and / or operating conditions are adjusted and is accordingly made of metallic or synthetic materials. Moreover the container 2 has adequate protection for the goods 11 and which essentially consists of the controller 7, the memory element 8, possibly the input means 6, the power supply 17 and the interface 15 existing control unit 18 against adverse weather conditions on. It is also possible to insulate the walls of the container 2 from temperature train so that even temperature-sensitive goods take several hours can be kept here. In front of apartment buildings or Offices with multiple receivers can have multiple fasteners or hangers are provided to hang several containers 2 on it. The holding elements 17a, b are universally designed so that the receiving / providing devices 1 attached to different pairs of holding elements 17a, b can be.

The container 2 preferably has a size of at least one packet should preferably include about two filled shopping bags be able to record. Thus, the container 2 is together with the goods 11 still sufficiently handy and portable. In addition, the Container 2 can be provided with rollers. It can also be different Sizes of the container depending on the type of goods to be received 11 are provided the control 7, possibly with the input means 6, between the containers 2 can be easily replaced. The controls are for this 7, the memory element 8, the interface 15 and the power supply 16 combined to form a mobile and detachable control unit 18. It is therefore also possible to always leave the container 2 outside and to install the control unit 18 if necessary.

Now that the basic structure of the receiving / providing device 1 - referred to briefly as a box is an order and delivery process of goods 11 based on 3a to c and 4, the corresponding flow diagrams show, described to the operation of the invention Receiving / providing device 1 - or the storage element 8 containing part to explain the same. In the initial situation is the receiving / providing device 1 or at least the storage element in the rooms of the residence or business of the customer or the future recipient. At the beginning of the ordering process the customer (user) K1, K2, K3, ... logs in via a Internet service provider (ISP), at the selected retailer H1, H2, H3, ... and transmits in the event of a goods request or order its own identification number and that of its box (box code), whereby the supplier's personal data in a particularly simple manner Customer and the location of the reception / preparation device 1 are accessible. In addition, the customer (user) transmits his order. At the end of the ordering process, which can also be done by telephone or in writing, but preferably via the Internet or e-mail, the Orderer K from an intermediate central processing computer ZA a coded order information 9 generated there (receipt of the Delivery codes). This preferably encrypted order information 9 (Identcode) is unique and is used by the user of the receiving device 1 in the memory element 8 of the controller 7 z. B. via one of the Control 7 associated interface 15, preferably one with the Personal computer of the user K connected USB interface, entered (Programming the box). The personal computer previously served also for the internet ordering process. Using the coded order information 9, the receiving device 1 becomes ready to receive as described above made. This order information 9 can thus be from the PC are transmitted to the memory element 8 via the interface 15. The ordering information can also be entered via the input means 6 possible. Then the receiving / providing device works autonomously, that means without connection to the user PC and / or the Internet.

After the coded order information 9 has been stored in the storage element 8, the container 2 with the control unit 18 or only the Control unit 18 or a part of the memory element 8 containing the Control unit or the storage element alone in front of the Rooms of the residence or business headquarters to the z. B. trained as a stake Component 12 brought and hung there or with the container 2 connected. The container 2 is or will be via the locking elements 14 connected to the pile or the holder elements 17a, 17b (Provide the box). After locking, door 3 is closed.

As a first exemplary embodiment, FIG. 3a shows the course of a request and delivery of goods by means of a receiving device in detail: If the user (customer) of the supplier (dealer) via a receiving device the relevant information (if necessary also Information about the goods to be delivered, the nature of the Receiving device to be taken into account), in particular in order to to identify the user and his box. After an authorization request in the central settlement calculator, the user one generated by the central processing computer ZA Order process transmitted one-time order information with which the Storage element of the receiving device for receiving this delivery is made ready to receive. The dealer receives a suitable generated by the central settlement computer ZA for this Order process one-time, on delivery (goods / packaging / label) Delivery information to be attached. After preparing the receiving device by the user and the shipping of the goods Receiving device with the z. B. on the delivery Delivery information can be filled. This is done by a deliverer.

If the deliverer with an ordered goods shipment at the receiving / staging device 1, in front of the residence or place of business of the Receiver is hung, arrives, the door 3 of the container 2 is the Receiving device 1 closed. Then the deliverer gives about that Input means 6 encoded delivery information 10 known to him in the Receiving device 1 a. If the coded delivery information 10 with the coded order information 9 from the memory element 8 matches or complements it in a predetermined manner the door lock 5 unlocks and the deliverer can move the goods 11 into the Insert container 2 and then close door 3 again. (Fill the box) In particular, it is provided that the door 3, for example is resiliently biased so that it closes automatically and not can remain open. The coded delivery information is preferred 10 formed as a label stuck on the goods 11, the one Contains barcode. Accordingly, the input device 6 is used as a scanner Read the coded delivery information 10 formed. Then will the container 2 by the user, e.g. B. by entering his master key, opened, removed from the holding element 17a, 17b and in its Housing and business premises emptied. (Empty the box).

An economical alternative is that the storage element is also designed as a label which contains the order information 9 z. B. carries as a barcode and behind a window of the container 2nd is visibly attached by the user to the deliverer. The deliverer carries then a scanner into which he reads the order and delivery information. Can both be covered in a predetermined manner the scanner can unlock the door opening of container 2.

After being filled by the deliverer, the goods can be purchased by the owner of the Receiving device are removed and the receiving device, or at least the memory elements of the receiving device or the Memory contents are removed.

Figure 3b shows - as a second embodiment - the process of a Return to the supplier. The user initiates at the supplier a return delivery by providing information about the receiving device and compares the delivery with the central processing computer. This generates a unique delivery / pick-up information based on this information, with the storage element of the receiving device of the user is programmed for collection. The supplier receives e.g. B. the same pickup information, which e.g. B. also information about the May contain receiving device. With this pickup information and the The supplier orders a location information of the receiving device Pick-up with the collection of the goods. The collector opens the receiving device using pick-up information and delivering the goods to the supplier back. After emptying by the collector, the box, or at least the memory content of the box can be removed. alternative the user can send a product to a selected one in the same way Send recipient.

Figure 3c shows - as a third embodiment - one already in Figure 3a described process of a request and delivery of goods by means of Receiving device, which is now the component of payment transactions is expanded. If the user uses the central settlement computer wants to pay, he agrees this payment method with the supplier. By clearly identifying everyone involved in the system invoice processing can now also be carried out through the central processing computer be initiated. The relevant information on the invoice and the payment method will be communicated to the settlement computer. The The supplier notifies the central processing computer here, for example: B. his demands with to process the billing via an external system. The user shares the central settlement computer z. B. its Bank details with. The dispatch of the goods and the preparation and The receiving device is provided as already for FIG. 3a described. After delivery, the receipt of the goods by the User acknowledges the information in the central processing computer about the receipt of the goods - for example with the help of the storage element the receiving device - via a suitable communication channel is communicated.

For completion, reference is made to FIG. 4, which is a diagram of the flow of goods and information during an order concerns that The environment of an order process is once again explained in summary. On User K with a receiving / providing device 1 of the above Art orders with the interposition of a central settlement computer ZA, preferably via an Internet service provider (ISP), after transmission its own identification code of its receiving / providing device 1 a certain item from supplier H1, ... and receives with the confirmation from the central processing computer for this order process One-time order information 9. The dealer H delivers the ordered goods via corresponding national distribution centers DZ and regional distribution centers RDZ to the receiver K. To open the receiving / staging device 1 the deliverer uses him z. B. through its Internet service provider transmitted delivery / collection information 10.

LIST OF REFERENCE NUMBERS

1
receiving device
2
container
3
door
4
door handle
5
Locks
6
input device
7
control
8th
storage element
9
Ordering Information
10
Delivery / pickup information
11
Would
12
bracket
13
soil
14
locking element
15
interface
16
power supply
17a, b
retaining elements
18
control unit
19
handle
20a, b
opening
ZA
central processing computer
H
dealer
DZ
distribution center
RDZ
regional distribution center
K
Customer with box
ISP
Internet service provider

Claims (16)

  1. A device (1) for receiving goods on order and/or for making goods ready for collection without personal handover to or via the user of the goods, comprising a closable container (2) for the goods (11) with at least one input means (6) disposed on or in the container (2) as required for inputting information (10) or instructions regarding delivery or collection for the person delivering or collecting, with a control device (7) disposed in or on the container and comprising a storage element (8) for checking and comparing the information (10) regarding delivery and collection input by the person delivering or collecting with ordering information (9) stored in the storage element (8), the container (2) being opened by means of the information (9) when the delivery and collection information (10) coincides with the ordering information(9) in the preset manner,
    characterised in that for the purpose of an expected delivery or collection, the storage element (8) or a part of a control unit (18) comprising at least the input means (6), the control means (7) and the storage element (8) and containing the storage element (8) is insertable into the container (2) which is positioned or adapted to be positioned in front of the user's private or business address.
  2. A device according to claim 1, characterised in that the container (2) and the control unit (18) form a structural unit or the device (1) comprises at least one interface between the container (2) and the storage element (8).
  3. A device according to claim 1 or 2, characterised in that the container (2), preferably on its back, comprises fastening elements by means of which the container (2) can be fastened to a stationary structural element (12) disposed in front of or on the outer wall of the user's private or business address.
  4. A device according to claim 3, characterised in that the stationary element (12) is a post anchored in the ground and on which the container (2) can be suspended, and retaining elements (17a, 17b) for locking elements (14) and openings (20a, 20b) are disposed on the structural element (12).
  5. A device according to claim 3 or 4, characterised in that the fastening elements (14, 17a, 17b, 20a, 20b) for attaching and removing the container (2) to or from the structural element (12) can be locked and unlocked from the interior of the container (2).
  6. A device according to any of claims 1 to 5, characterised in that a door (3) is disposed on the container (2) and can be locked and unlocked by means of a lock (5), and the lock (5) is electrically operated by the control unit (7).
  7. A device according to any of claims 1 to 6, characterised in that the control unit (7) comprises an interface (15), preferably a USB interface, for inputting the ordering information (9) into the storage element (8).
  8. A device according to any of claims 1 to 7, characterised in that a power supply (16), preferably a battery, is disposed in the container (2) and supplies the control unit (18).
  9. A device according to any of claims 1 to 8, characterised in that a bearing element, preferably at least one handle or at least one recess grip, is disposed on the outside of the container (2).
  10. A device according to any of claims 1 to 9, characterised in that rollers are disposed on the outside of the container (2).
  11. A device according to any of claims 1 to 10, characterised in that the input means (6) are in the form of a scanner, preferably a laser scanner, for reading delivery information (10), preferably in the form of a bar code, on the goods (11).
  12. A device for receiving goods on order and/or making goods ready for collection without personal handover of the goods to or via the user, using a device according to any of claims 1 to 11,
    characterised in that after an order has been made by the user, an agreed item of ordering information (9) for setting the device (1) on standby is input into the storage element (8) and, for the expected delivery or collection of the goods (11), the transportable storage element (8) or the transportable part, containing the storage element (8), of the control unit (18) is inserted into the container (2) positioned or adapted to be positioned in front of the user's private or business address or into the part of the control unit (18) present there.
  13. A method according to claim 12, characterised in that after the goods (11) have been ordered or collected by the person ordering or collecting, the goods on order (11) and the device (1) or the transportable part of the control unit containing the storage element or the transportable storage element (8) is brought into the user's private or business address.
  14. A method according to claim 12 or 13, characterised in that the order by the user is made by remote data transmission with interposition of an external central control computer which for the purpose of ordering generates one or more identity codes or safety supplemented identity codes for all the persons involved in the ordering process and communicates them to the said persons and the user inputs the identity code into the storage element (8) of the device (1).
  15. A method according to claim 14, characterised in that the storage element disposed in or on the container is loaded with the ordering information by the user via a short-range, particularly contactless, data transmission means such as a blue-tooth or IR interface of a mobile telephone or of a notebook.
  16. A method according to claim 14, characterised in that the storage element disposed in or on the container is loaded with the ordering information by a data coupler which modulates the ordering information on a voltage supply network to which the remote data transmission device and the user's device (1) are connected.
EP02702309A 2001-01-27 2002-01-25 Device and method for the automatic handover of goods Active EP1353588B1 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE10103756 2001-01-27
DE10103756A DE10103756C1 (en) 2001-01-27 2001-01-27 Device and method for receiving ordered goods and / or providing goods for collection, in particular when the user is absent
PCT/EP2002/000757 WO2002058519A1 (en) 2001-01-27 2002-01-25 Device and method for the automatic handover of goods

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP1353588A1 EP1353588A1 (en) 2003-10-22
EP1353588B1 true EP1353588B1 (en) 2004-08-11

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ID=7671985

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP02702309A Active EP1353588B1 (en) 2001-01-27 2002-01-25 Device and method for the automatic handover of goods

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US (2) US7191932B2 (en)
EP (1) EP1353588B1 (en)
JP (1) JP2004528867A (en)
AT (1) AT272965T (en)
DE (1) DE10103756C1 (en)
WO (1) WO2002058519A1 (en)

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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
US7191932B2 (en) 2007-03-20
JP2004528867A (en) 2004-09-24
AT272965T (en) 2004-08-15
US20070170242A1 (en) 2007-07-26
WO2002058519A1 (en) 2002-08-01
EP1353588A1 (en) 2003-10-22
WO2002058519A8 (en) 2002-09-26
US20040133304A1 (en) 2004-07-08
DE10103756C1 (en) 2002-08-14

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