EP1295489A2 - Apparatus and method for periodic registration of a mobile terminal in a wireless communication system - Google Patents

Apparatus and method for periodic registration of a mobile terminal in a wireless communication system

Info

Publication number
EP1295489A2
EP1295489A2 EP20010952339 EP01952339A EP1295489A2 EP 1295489 A2 EP1295489 A2 EP 1295489A2 EP 20010952339 EP20010952339 EP 20010952339 EP 01952339 A EP01952339 A EP 01952339A EP 1295489 A2 EP1295489 A2 EP 1295489A2
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
mobile terminal
registration
mobility
periodic
time interval
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
EP20010952339
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Inventor
Hans Magnus Carlsson
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Ericsson Inc
Original Assignee
Ericsson Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US60645500A priority Critical
Priority to US606455 priority
Application filed by Ericsson Inc filed Critical Ericsson Inc
Priority to PCT/US2001/020876 priority patent/WO2002003719A2/en
Publication of EP1295489A2 publication Critical patent/EP1295489A2/en
Application status is Withdrawn legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W60/00Affiliation to network, e.g. registration; Terminating affiliation with the network, e.g. de-registration
    • H04W60/02Affiliation to network, e.g. registration; Terminating affiliation with the network, e.g. de-registration by periodical registration
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W8/00Network data management
    • H04W8/18Processing of user or subscriber data, e.g. subscribed services, user preferences or user profiles; Transfer of user or subscriber data
    • H04W8/20Transfer of user or subscriber data
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W88/00Devices specially adapted for wireless communication networks, e.g. terminals, base stations or access point devices
    • H04W88/02Terminal devices
    • H04W88/021Terminal devices adapted for Wireless Local Loop operation

Abstract

There is disclosed herein a method and system for periodic registration of a mobile terminal in a wireless communications system. A mobile switching center operatively receives an initial registration message from the mobile terminal. The registration message identifies the mobile terminal. The mobile switching center determines a mobility classification assigned to the mobile terminal and transmits a registration accept message to the mobile terminal indicating that the mobile terminal has successfully registered on the wireless communications system. The registration accept message comprises the determined mobility classification assigned to the mobile terminal. The mobile terminal receives the registration accept message and determines if the mobility classification is included in the registration accept message and periodically registers the mobile terminal with the wireless communications system at a time interval associated with the mobility classification.

Description

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR PERIODIC REGISTRATION OF A MOBILE TERMINAL WITH A WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The present invention is directed toward wireless communica- tions systems and, more particularly, to an apparatus and method for periodic registration of a mobile terminal with a wireless communications system.

Wireless communications systems, such as mobile communications systems, typically consist of pluralities of different subsystems. A mobile terminal, typically called a mobile communications telephone in a mobile communications system, is used to make and receive wireless calls or perform. data transactions. The mobile terminal communicates with the mobile communications system via base stations which are geographically dispersed about an area of coverage of the mobile communications system, with each base station having its own associated area of coverage. Communication between the mobile terminal and the base stations occurs via radio transmissions.

In order for the mobile communications system to keep track of the location of the mobile terminal, a process commonly known as regis- tration is typically utilized. When a mobile terminal is first powered up, or when it changes its location area, it must register its location with the mobile communications system. There may also be other reasons to require the mobile terminal to register with the mobile communications system. Registration, as used herein, means transmitting a message, referred to herein as a registration message, from the mobile terminal to the mobile communications system informing the mobile communications system of the transmitting mobile terminal's identity and location. Typically, the location of the mobile terminal is deduced by the mobile communications system based on which base station receives the registration message. The mobile communications system either accepts the registration, in which case the mobile terminal is considered "logged on" to the mobile communications system, or it rejects the registration. If the registration is rejected, the mobile communications system typically informs the mobile terminal, via a registration reject message, of why the registration was rejected.

Periodic registration is a feature utilized in many mobile communications systems. It is a registration that is performed at regular intervals to inform the mobile communications system that the mobile terminal is still available. The mobile terminal uses an internal timer to determine when to send a periodic registration message. When the timer expires, the mobile" terminal transmits the periodic registration message to the mobile communications system. The timer is reset every time a registration message has been transmitted by the mobile terminal. The length of the timer is either fixed or is broadcast on a control channel by the mobile communi- cations system to all mobile terminals within its area of coverage.

The mobile communications system also uses a timer for each mobile terminal, this timer being slightly longer than the one used by the mobile terminal, to determine that a mobile terminal is no longer available, i.e., not in contact with the mobile communications system. The timer used by the mobile communications system is reset when the mobile com- unications system receives a registration message from a mobile terminal. When the mobile communications system timer expires and the mobile communications system has not received a registration message from the mobile terminal, the mobile communications system determines that the mobile terminal is no longer available.

In mobile communications systems, since communication between the mobile terminal and base station is based on radio transmissions, reliability is a concern. Radio transmissions can be distorted or prevented due to many factors. For example, a mobile terminal may be moved into an elevator, tunnel, or underground where the radio signals from the base station will not reach it, and vice versa. A mobile terminal could also have moved too far away from the closest base station to be able to maintain radio contact. Further, the mobile terminal may simply have been powered down. When the mobile communications system receives a call destined to a mobile terminal within its area of coverage, it will page the mobile terminal in every base station in the location area where the mobile terminal is located. In order to reduce the amount of paging messages transmitted, the mobile communications system will utilize information about when the mobile" terminal is not available and, in those cases, not send a paging message. For example, if the mobile terminal informs the mobile communications system that it is about to power down, the mobile communications system retains this information and does not send paging messages to the mobile terminal until the mobile terminal powers up again and registers with the mobile communications system. However, when a mobile terminal loses connection with the mobile communications system because it unexpectedly moves into a tunnel or moves underground, the mobile terminal may not be able to transmit a message to the mobile communications system inforηning the mobile communications system that it will be unavailable, since the mobile terminal did not know in advance that such an occurrence was about to happen. In these instances, the mobile terminal leaves the mobile communications system quietly without being able to inform the mobile communications system of the fact that it has become unavailable. By using periodic registration, the mobile communica- tions system is alerted that the mobile terminal did not register at its predefined time and that it is no longer available. Therefore, if a call is received for the mobile terminal, the mobile communications system knows not to page the mobile terminal since it is unavailable.

A problem with existing periodic registration mechanisms is that they do not take into account the different types of mobile terminals which may be utilized in mobile communications systems. Typically, the mobile terminal is a mobile communications telephone that a subscriber carries around with him/her. However, there are many other types of mobile terminals capable of use in mobile communications systems. One is a communication card that is inserted into a portable computer and used for wireless data communication. Another may be a device connected to a vending machine that transmits information, via the mobile communications system, concerning the amount of product still available in the machine. The mobile terminal may also be a device connected to a utility meter that transmits information, via the mobile communications system, concerning the amount of water, electricity, gas, etc., that has been used. These latter types of mobile terminals, namely, the ones connected to other machines, are sometimes referred to as modules.

The module-type mobile terminals do not move, or move very infrequently, and therefore, will generally not lose connection to the base station. Thus, using typical periodic registration mechanisms, the module- type mobile terminals will send a lot of unnecessary registration messages and take up radio bandwidth. While the module-type mobile terminal may lose connection to the base station due to extreme weather conditions, physical damage to the mobile terminal or base station, etc., this generally happens very infrequently.

Mobile communications systems are also sometimes used to provide access to fixed subscribers. These types of systems are sometimes called "Fixed Wireless Access Systems" or "Wireless in the Local Loop Systems". Mobile terminals utilized in these types of systems are fixed and cannot move. Again, with existing periodic registration mechanisms, these mobile terminals will send a lot of unnecessary registration messages and take up radio bandwidth. A mobile communications system may accommodate both fixed mobile terminals and regular mobile termi- nals.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

A method of periodically registering certain classifications of mobile terminals with a wireless communication system is provided. The method includes the steps of receiving, at a wireless communications system, an initial registration message from a mobile terminal within an area of coverage of the wireless communications system, the registration message identifying the mobile terminal. A mobility classification assigned to the mobile terminal is determined and the mobile terminal is instructed to periodically register with the wireless communications system at a periodic time interval associated with the determined mobility classification of the mobile terminal.

The various classifications for the mobile terminal may be selected from the group consisting of high mobility, low mobility and no mobility. The periodic time interval associated with high mobility is of a shorter duration than the periodic time interval associated with low mobility. Further, the periodic time interval associated with low mobility is of a shorter duration than the periodic time interval associated with no mobility. It is contemplated that one of the periodic time intervals may include infin- ity, meaning that the mobile terminal should not periodically register with the wireless communications system.

The wireless communications system includes at least one home location register which stores mobile terminal subscriber information. The mobility classifications assigned to the mobile terminals operating within the wireless communications system are stored in the home location register associated with that particular mobile terminal. These mobility classifications may be changed by a system operator.

If a mobility classification assigned to a mobile terminal is unable to be determined, the mobile terminal is instructed to periodically register with the wireless communications system at a default periodic time interval.

An alternative method of periodically registering a mobile terminal with a wireless communications system is also provided. The method includes the steps of receiving, at the mobile terminal, subsequent to an initial registration message from the mobile terminal, a registration accept message from the wireless communications system, and determining if a periodic registration time interval associated with the mobile terminal is included in the registration accept message. If it is determined that a periodic registration time interval is included in the registration accept message, the included periodic registration time interval is used for periodic registration of the mobile terminal with the wireless communications system. If it is determined that a periodic registration time interval is not included in the registration accept message, a default periodic registration time interval is used for periodic registration of the mobile terminal with the wireless communications system.

Other aspects, objects and advantages of the present invention can be obtained from a study of the application, the drawings, and the appended claims.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Fig. 1 is a block diagram of a mobile communications system; Fig. 2 is a block diagram of a mobile communications system incorporating the inventive method for periodic registration;

Fig. 3 is a sequence diagram illustrating the inventive periodic registration technique;

Fig. 4 is a flow chart illustrating the inventive periodic registration technique;

Fig. 5 is a sequence diagram illustrating an alternative form of the inventive periodic registration technique;

Fig. 6 is a block diagram illustrating the alternative form of the inventive periodic registration technique; and

Fig. 7 is a block diagram of a typical mobile terminal.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

Fig. 1 is a block diagram of a typical mobile communications system, such as ANSI-1 36 or GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications), shown generally at 10. The mobile communications system 10 includes a plurality of Mobile Switching Centers "(MSC) 1 2 and 14 (for convenience, only two MSC's are shown in Fig. 1 ), with each MSC 1 2, 14 having an associated Visitor Location Register (VLR) 1 6 and 1 8, respectively. Each MSC 1 2,1 4 within the mobile communications system 10 is typically connected to non-mobile communications systems such as, for example, a Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) 20, an Integrated

Services Digital Network (ISDN) 22, and a Public Packet Data Systems Network (PDSN) 24, such as the Internet.

Each MSC 1 2, 1 4 services a different service area within the mobile communications system 1 0. Each MSC 1 2, 14 has an associated plurality of Base Stations (BS) dispersed throughout the geographic extent of its service area, with each BS servicing a sub-area within the service area of its respective MSC. For convenience, only two BS's 26 and 28 are shown associated with the MSC 1 2, and one BS 30 is shown associated with the MSC 14. A mobile terminal, identified herein as MT 32, operating within an area of coverage of the BS 28 communicates with the, mobile communications system 10 via the BS 28. The MT 32 uses radio transmissions to send and receive information, e.g., make and receive mobile communications calls or perform data transactions, to and from the BS 28. Each BS is connected, typically through an intermediate transmission system such as a base station controller, to its associated MSC. Also in the mobile communications system 1 0, there is typically a main subscriber database, often called a Home Location Register (HLR) 34, where relevant information about subscriptions (subscriber data) is stored. Such subscriber data typi- cally includes information such as the services that a particular subscriber is permitted to use and the location of the subscriber.

A local copy of the subscriber data from the HLR 34 is stored in the VLR when the MT is in an area of coverage associated with the VLR. For example, in the mobile communications system 10 shown in Fig. 1 , the subscriber data associated with the MT 32 is stored in the HLR 34 and a local copy of the subscriber data is stored in the VLR 1 6. The copy stored in the VLR 1 6 does not necessarily contain all the information about the subscription that is available in the HLR 34, and may contain additional information with only local significance. For example, while the HLR 34 may only have information about the particular MSC/VLR in which the subscriber is located, the VLR in which the subscriber is located may have more detailed location information.

When a call is made to an MT in a mobile communications system, the MSC where the call originates typically interrogates the HLR to determine in which MSC/VLR the subscriber is located. The call will then be delivered to that MSC/VLR and the MT will be paged. The paging normally takes place in a subset area that the MSC/VLR serves. This subset area is commonly known as the location area or paging area. The location area may vary from as small as one BS to as big as the entire service area of the MSC/VLR. For example, in Fig. 1 , if a call is placed to the MT 32, the HLR 34 is interrogated to determine in which MSC/VLR the MT 32 is located. The call is then delivered to the MSC/VLR 1 2/1 6, and the MT 32 is paged.

As previously noted, in order for the mobile communications system 10 to keep track of the location of the MT 32, a process commonly known as periodic registration is used.

Fig. 2 is a block diagram of a mobile communications system shown generally at 1 00 incorporating the inventive method. The mobile communications system 100 includes MSC's 1 02 and 104 each servicing a different coverage area within the mobile communications system 1 00.

Each MSC 102, 1 04 conventionally communicates with an associated VLR 106, 108. An HLR 1 10 includes information about the subscriptions and communicates with each MSC/VLR combination. The MSC's 1 02, 104 are also connected to non-mobile communications systems, such as a Public Switched Telephone Network 1 12, a Public Packet Data Systems Network 1 14, such as the Internet, and an Integrated Services Digital Network 1 1 6. Each MSC 102, 104 has an associated number of BS's dispersed throughout its area of coverage sufficient to cover the entire area. As shown in Fig. 2, the MSC 102 communicates with BS's 1 1 8 and 1 20, while the MSC 1 04 communicates with BS 1 22. However, any number of BS's sufficient to cover the MSC's area of coverage is within the scope of the present invention.

As shown in Fig. 2, it is assumed that MT's 1 24, 1 26, 1 28 are within the area of coverage of MSC 102 and are communicating therewith via BS 1 1 8. In order to utilize the fact that different kinds of MT's behave differently with regard to mobility, the present invention proposes that information about an MT's mobility type be stored in the HLR 1 10. This information is then be provided to the appropriate VLR via a message that is conventionally used for downloading subscription information from the HLR 1 1 0 to the VLR 106 or 1 08. The various types of designations used for different MT's are referred to herein as high mobility (MT 1 28), low mobility (MT 1 26) and no mobility (MT 1 24). It should be understood, , however, that the present invention is not. limited to three distinct class designations, and any number of type designations may be utilized without the departing from the spirit and scope thereof.

The present invention is described herein in the context of a mobile terminal . As used herein, the term "mobile terminal" may include a mobile communications radiotelephone with or without a multi-line display; a Personal Communications System (PCS) terminal that may combine a mobile communications radiotelephone with data processing, facsimile and data communications capabilities; a PDA that can include a radiotelephone, pager, Internet/intranet access, Web browser, organizer, calendar and/or a global positioning system (GPS) receiver; and a conventional laptop and/or palmtop receiver or other appliance that includes a radiotelephone transceiver. Mobile terminals may also be referred to as "pervasive computing" devices.

The high mobility designation may be used for regular cell phones and communication cards for portable computers, as well as other types of mobile terminals that regularly move from one location to another and that also need to be able to communicate while in motion. The low mobility designation may be used for mobile terminals that move infrequently, such as those connected to vending machines and other fixed equipment. The no mobility designation may be used for mobile terminals that the mobile communications system operator does not want to give the ability to move around in the system.

In order to avoid unnecessary signaling in the system, the timer used by the mobile terminals to send periodic registrations will differ from mobility designation to mobility designation. The periodic registration timer for a no mobility MT will be longer than that for a low mobility MT, whereas the periodic registration timer for a low mobility MT will be longer than for a high mobility MT. Moreover, the MSC/VLR will not accept the registration signal from a MT designated as no mobility when the MT is not in its intended location. The period timer values for each class of mobile terminal are broadcast by the mobile communications system on the control channel. One of the values that may be broadcast should be "infinity", signifying that this particular class of MT should do no periodic registration at all. Fig. 3 is a sequence diagram for periodic registration according to the present invention. When the mobile terminal (MT 1 24, MT 1 26, or MT 1 28) is first powered up, it reads the broadcast information broadcast by the mobile communications system 100 on the control channel (F- BCHH) at step 1 30. Included in the broadcast information are the parame- ters "REG Period", "REG Period Low", and "REG Period Fixed" . These parameters are included in the registration parameters message on the control channel and identify the time period between each periodic registration for the high mobility MT 1 28 (REG Period), the low mobility MT 1 26 (REG Period Low) and the no mobility MT 1 24 (REG Period Fixed). If one of the parameters is not included on the control channel, it is an indication to that particular class of MT not to use periodic registration.

The MT, at step 1 32, formulates a registration message that it sends on the RACH, which notifies the MSC 102 that the MT is now present in its service area. The MSC 1 02 sends a registration notification message (REGNOT) to the VLR 106 at step 1 34. The VLR 106 then transmits a registration notification message (REGNOT) to the HLR 1 10 at step 1 36. The HLR 1 1 0 sends a registration cancellation message (REGCANC) to the previous VLR (OLD VLR) 108 in which the MT was registered at step 138. The OLD VLR 108 then sends a registration cancellation message (REGCANC) to the previous MSC (OLD MSC) 104 in which the MT was registered at step 1 40. The OLD MSC 1 04 answers the OLD VLR 108 with a registration cancellation result message (regcanc) at step 1 42. The OLD VLR 108 sends a registration cancellation result message (regcanc) to the HLR 1 1 0 at step 1 44. The HLR 1 1 0 sends a registration notification result message

(regnot) to the VLR 1 06 at step 146. This message includes a profile parameter which contains subscription-related information such as which features the subscriber has activated and which language the subscriber prefers to use. This parameter will also include information about which class the MT belong to, such as high mobility (MT 128), low mobility (MT

1 26) or no mobility (MT 1 24). The VLR 1 06 sends a registration notification result message (regnot) to the MSC 102 at step 1 48. The profile parameter is included in this message as well, and the regnot message also includes information about which class the MT belongs to, e.g., high mobil- ity, low mobility, or no mobility. The MSC 102 transmits a registration accept message to the MT at step 1 50 indicating that the MT has successfully registered on the mobile communications system 1 00. The registration accept message will include a new parameter which will contain information regarding which class the MT belong to, e.g., high mobility, low mobility, or no mobility. Depending upon which class the MT belongs to, it will wait the amount of time specified in the appropriate parameter, REG Period, REG Period Low, or REG Period Fixed that the MT read at step 1 30. During this time, the MT may make and receive calls. Upon expiration of the appropriate periodic registration timer, the MT transmits a registration message to the MSC 1 02 at step 1 52. This message will include a registration-type parameter set to periodic. The MSC 1 02 then sends a registration accept message back to the MT at step 1 54, indicating that the MT has successfully performed a periodic registration on the mobile communications system 1 00. Steps 1 52 and 1 54 will be repeated at the appropriate periodic interval until the MT is turned off or moves to a new cell in which periodic registration is not utilized.

If the MT happens to be moved to an area with no radio coverage or loses radio coverage for some reason, for example, atmospheric disturbance, the timer for periodic registration will expire and the MSC 102 will not receive a periodic registration message from the MT. The MSC

102 will notice that the MT did not send the periodic registration based upon a particular timer set for that particular MT's class and will conclude that the MT is outside of its area of radio coverage. Any future calls to the MT will be answered by the MSC 102 with an out-of-coverage treatment message until the MT sends a registration message back to the MSC 102.

Fig. 4 is a flow chart of the inventive periodic registration method utilized by the MT. The method starts at block 1 60 with the MT receiving a registration accept message from the MSC 102. At block 1 60, the MT has already read the parameters REG Period, REG Period Low, and REG Period Fixed broadcast on the control channel of the mobile communications system 100. The MT reads the registration accept message and determines if a mobility classification is included in the registration accept message at block 1 62. If not, the MT uses the time period identified by the parameter REG Period for periodic registration at block 1 64, and the meth- od ends at block 1 66. If a mobility classification is included in the registration accept message at block 1 62, the MT determines the particular classification at block 1 68. If it is determined that the classification is no mobility at block 1 68, the MT uses the time period identified by the parameter REG Period Fixed for periodic registration at block 1 70, and the method ends at block

1 66. If it is determined that the classification is low mobility at block 1 68, the MT uses the time period identified by the parameter REG Period Low for periodic registration at block 172, and the method ends at block 1 66. If it is determined that the classification is high mobility at block 1 68, the MT uses the time period identified by the parameter REG Period for periodic registration at block 1 74, and the method ends at block 1 66. While the time period identified by the parameter REG Period is used for both high mobility and when no mobility classification of MT is indicated in the registration accept message, a default value may be used instead of REG Period if no mobility classification is indicated in the registration accept message.

As an alternate embodiment, instead of classifying mobile terminals into various classes of mobility, specific timer values for each particular mobile terminal may be stored in the HLR 1 1 0. Thus, instead of a mobile terminal having to determine a mobility classification from the registration accept message and choose a periodic timer value for use based upon the determined mobility classification, the mobile terminal receives a timer value that it is to use for periodic registration.

Fig. 5 is a sequence diagram for periodic registration according to this alternate embodiment. When the MT (1 24, 1 26, 1 28) is first pow- ered up, it will read broadcast information broadcast on the control channel (F-BCCH) of the mobile communications system 100 at step 180. One parameter it will read is REG Period, which identifies the time period between each periodic registration for MT's that do not receive an individual periodic registration timer in the registration accept message. The MT formulates a registration message that it sends on the RACH at step 182, notifying the MSC 1 02 that it is now in its service area. The MSC 102 sends a registration notification message (REGNOT) to the VLR 106 at step 1 84. The VLR 1 06 sends a registration notification message (REGNOT) to the HLR 1 1 0 at step 1 86. The HLR 1 1 0 sends a registration cancellation message (REGCANC) to the previous VLR (OLD VLR) 108 in which the MT was registered at step 1 88. The OLD VLR 108 sends a registration cancellation message (REGCANC) to the previous MSC (OLD MSC) 104 in which the MT was registered at step 1 90. The OLD MSC 104 answers the OLD VLR 1 08 with a registration cancellation result message (regcanc) at step 1 92. The OLD VLR 108 answers the HLR 1 10 with a registration cancellation result message (regcanc) at step 1 94. The HLR 1 10 answers the VLR 1 06 with a registration notification result message (regnot) at step 1 96. This message includes a profile parameter which contains subscription related information such as which features the subscriber has activated an which language the subscriber prefers to use, and also includes information regarding the length of the periodic registration timer for that particular MT. One value will signify that periodic registration is not used for that particular MT. The. VLR 1 06 answers the MSC 102 with a registration notification result message (regnot) at step 1 98. The profile parameter is included in this message as well. The MSC 102 sends a registration accept message to the MT at step 200, indicating that the MT has successfully registered on the system. Included in the registration accept message from the MSC 102 is a periodic registration timer parameter that includes information regarding the length of the periodic timer value. One value will signify that periodic registration is not used for this particular MT.

The MT waits for the amount of time specified in the periodic registration timer parameter and, upon expiration thereof, sends a registration message to the MSC 102 at step 202. This message contains a registration type parameter set to periodic. The MSC 102 sends a registration accept message to the MT at step 204 and the MT has successfully performed a periodic registration on the mobile communications system 100. If the MT did not receive the periodic registration timer parameter in the registration accept message at step 200, the MT would use the registration timer broadcast in the REG Period parameter. If the timer for periodic registration expires and the MSC 1 02 has not received a periodic registra-' tion message from the MT, the MSC 102 concludes that the MT is outside of its area coverage and any future calls to that particular MT will be answered with an out-of-coverage treatment message until the MT sends a registration message back to the MSC 102. * • Fig. 6 is a flow chart. illustrating a method for periodic registration according to the alternate embodiment. The method starts at block • 210 with the MT receiving the registration accept message from the MSC 1 02. At step 210, the MT has already read the parameter REG Period broadcast on the control channel. The MT analyzes the registration accept message and determines if a periodic registration timer value is included in the registration accept message at block 21 2. If it is determined that a periodic registration timer'was included in the registration accept message at block 21 2, the MT uses that periodic registration timer for periodic registration at block 21 4, and the method ends at block 21 6. If it is deter- mined that no periodic registration timer was included in the registration accept message at block 21 2, the MT uses the timer value associated with the parameter REG Period for periodic registration at block 218, the method ends at block 21 6.

Fig. 7 is a block diagram of a typical mobile terminal, such as the MT 1 28. The MT 1 28 includes an antenna 31 2, a receiver 31 6, a transmitter, 31 8, a speaker 320, a processor 322, a memory 324, a user interface 326 and a microphone 332. The antenna 31 2 is configured to send and receive radio signals between the MT 1 28 and the wireless network. The antenna 31 2 is connected to a duplex filter 314 which enables the receiver 31 6 and the transmitter 31 8 to receive and broadcast (respectively) on the same antenna 31 2. The receiver 31 6 demodulates, demultiplexes and decodes the radio signals into one or more channels. Such channels include a control channel and a traffic channel for speech or data. The speech or data are delivered to the speaker 320 (or other output device, such as a modem or fax connector) .

The receiver 31 6 delivers messages from the control channel to the processor 322. The processor 322 controls and coordinates the functioning of the MT 1 28 and is responsive to messages on the control channel using programs and data stored in the memory 324, so that the MT 1 28 can operate within the wireless network. The processor 322 also controls the operation of the MT 1 28 and is responsive to input from the user interface 326. The user interface 326 includes a keypad 328 as a user-input device and a display 330 to give the user information. Other devices are frequently included in the user interface 326, such as lights and special purpose buttons. The processor 322 controls the operations of the transmitter 31 8 and the receiver 31 6 over control lines 334 and 336, respectively, responsive to control messages and user input.

The microphone 332 (or other data input device) receives speech signal input and converts the input into analog electrical signals. The analog electrical signals are delivered to the transmitter 31 8. The transmitter 31 8 converts the analog electrical signals into digital data, encodes the data with error detection and correction information and multiplexes this data with control messages from the processor 322. The transmitter 31 8 modulates this combined data stream and broadcasts the resultant radio signals to the wireless network through the duplex filter 314 and the antenna 31 2.

While the invention has been described with particular reference to the drawings, it should be understood that various modifications could be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention.

Claims

1 . A method of periodically registering a mobile terminal with a wireless communications system, said method comprising: receiving an initial registration message from a mobile terminal within an area of coverage of a wireless communications system, the registration message identifying the mobile terminal; determining a mobility classification assigned to the mobile terminal; and instructing the mobile terminal to periodically register with the wireless communications system at a periodic time interval associated with the determined mobility classification of the mobile terminal.
2. The method of claim 1 , wherein the mobility classification is selected from high mobility, low mobility and no mobility.
3. The method of claim 2, wherein the periodic time interval associated with high mobility is of a shorter duration than the periodic time interval associated with low mobil- ity, and the periodic time interval associated with low mobility is of a shorter duration than the periodic time interval associated with no mobility.
4. The method of claim 3, wherein the periodic time interval associated with no mobility comprises infinity.
5. The method of claim 1 , wherein the mobility classification assigned to the mobile terminal is stored in a home location register associated with the mobile terminal.
6. The method of claim 5, further comprising changing the mobility classification assigned to the mobile terminal to an alternate mobility classification associated with a different periodic time interval.
7. The method of claim 1 , further comprising: instructing the mobile terminal to periodically register with the wireless communications system at a default periodic time interval if the mobility classification assigned to the mobile terminal is unable to be determined.
8. The method of claim 1 , wherein the mobility classification comprises a periodic time interval for registration assigned to the mobile terminal.
9. A method of periodically registering a mobile terminal with a wireless communications system, said method comprising: receiving an initial registration message from a mobile terminal within an area of coverage of a wireless communications system, the registration message identifying the mobile terminal; determining a mobility classification assigned to the mobile terminal; transmitting a registration accept message to the mobile terminal indicating that the mobile terminal has successfully registered on the wireless communications system, the registration accept message comprising the determined mobility classification assigned to the mobile terminal; and receiving a periodic registration signal at a periodic time inter- val associated with the determined mobility classification of the mobile terminal.
1 0. The method of claim 9, further comprising: transmitting periodic time intervals for periodic registration associated with each different mobility classification as broadcast informa- - tion on a control channel; and receiving the broadcast periodic time intervals at the mobile terminal during initial power up.
1 1 . The method of claim 10, further comprising: comparing the received determined mobility classification of the mobile terminal with the received broadcast periodic time intervals associated with each different mobility classification to determine the periodic time interval associated with the determined mobility classification of the mobile terminal.
1 2. The method of claim 10, further comprising instructing mobile terminals assigned to a particular mobility classification not to use periodic registration if a periodic time interval is not provided for the particular mobility classification.
1 3. The method of claim 9, wherein the mobility classification is selected from high mobility, low mobility or no mobility.
14. The method of claim" 13, wherein the periodic time interval associated with high mobility is of a shorter duration than the periodic time interval associated with low mobility; and the periodic time interval associated with low mobility is of a shorter duration than the periodic time interval associated with no mobility.
1 5. The method of claim 14, wherein the periodic time interval associated with no mobility comprises infinity.
1 6. The method of claim 9, wherein the mobility classification assigned to the mobile terminal is stored in a home location register associated with the mobile terminal.
1 7. The method of claim 1 6, further comprising changing the mobility classification assigned to the mobile terminal to an alternate mobility classification associated with a different periodic time interval.
1 8. The method of claim 9, wherein the mobility classification comprises a periodic time interval for registration assigned to the mobile terminal.
1 9. A method of determining a time interval for periodic registration of a mobile terminal with a wireless communications system, said method comprising: subsequent to an initial registration message from a mobile terminal, receiving, at the mobile terminal, a registration accept message from a wireless communications system; determining if a mobility classification associated with the mobile terminal is included in the registration accept message; if it is determined that a mobility classification associated with the mobile terminal is included in the registration accept message, determining the mobility classification associated with the mobile terminal, and using, for periodic registration of the mobile ter- minal with the wireless communications system, a periodic time interval associated with the determined mobility classifi- cation; and if it is determined that a mobility classification associated with the mobile terminal is not included in the registration accept message, using, for periodic registration of the mobile terminal with the wireless communications system, a default periodic time interval.
20. The method of claim 1 9, wherein the mobility classification is selected from the group consisting of high mobility, low mobility and no mobility, and wherein the periodic time interval associated with high mobility is of a shorter duration than the periodic time interval associated with low mobility, and the periodic time interval associated with low mobility is of a shorter duration than the periodic time interval associated with no mobility.
21 . The method of claim 1 9, further comprising: receiving, at the mobile terminal, periodic time intervals for periodic registration associated with each different mobility classification as broadcast information on a control channel of the wireless communications system during mobile terminal power up.
22. A method of determining a time interval for periodic registration of a mobile terminal with a wireless communications system, said method comprising: subsequent to an initial registration message from a mobile terminal, receiving, at the mobile terminal, a registration accept message from a wireless communications system; determining if a periodic registration time interval associated with the mobile terminal is included in the registration accept message; if it is determined that a periodic registration time interval is included in the registration accept message, using, for periodic registration of the mobile terminal with the wireless communications system, the in- eluded periodic registration time interval; and if it is determined that a periodic registration time interval is not included in the registration time interval is not included in the registration accept message, using, for periodic registration of the mobile terminal with the wireless communications system, a default periodic registration time interval.
23. A mobile terminal used in a wireless communications system comprising: a receiver receiving a registration accept message from the wireless communications system and determining if a periodic registration time interval associated with the mobile terminal is included in the registra- tion accept message; a memory storing the periodic registration time interval associ- ated with the mobile terminal; and a controller using the periodic registration time interval stored in the memory for periodic registration of the mobile terminal with the wireless communications system.
24. The mobile terminal of claim 23 wherein the controller uses a default periodic registration time interval stored in the memory if it is determined that the periodic registration time interval is not included in the registration accept message.
25. The mobile terminal of claim 23 wherein the receiver receives the registration accept message during initial power up.
26. A wireless communications system comprising: plural base stations, one of the base stations communicating with a mobile terminal within an area of coverage of the wireless communi- cations system; and a mobile switching center operatively associated with the plural base stations for receiving an initial registration, message from the mobile terminal, the registration message identifying the mobile terminal, determining a mobility classification assigned to the mobile terminal and transmitting a registration accept message to the mobile terminal indicating that the mobile terminal has successfully registered on the wireless communications system, the registration accept message comprising the deter- mined mobility classification assigned to the mobile terminal.
27. The wireless communications system of claim 26 wherein the mobile switching center receives a periodic registration signal at a periodic time interval associated with the determined mobility classification of the mobile terminal.
28. The wireless communications system of claim 26 wherein the mobile switching center instructs mobile terminals assigned to a particular mobility classification not to use periodic registration if a periodic time interval is not provided for the particular mobility classification.
29. The wireless communications system of claim 28 wherein the mobility classification is selected from high mobility, low mobility or no mobility.
30. The wireless communications system of claim 28 wherein the periodic time interval associated with high mobility is of a shorter duration than the periodic time interval associated with low mobility; and the periodic time interval associated with low mobility is of a shorter duration than the periodic time interval associated with no mobility.
31 . The wireless communications system of claim 26 wherein the mobility classification assigned to the mobile terminal is stored in a home location register associated with the mobile terminal.
32. A wireless communications system comprising: a mobile terminal; a base station for communicating with the mobile terminal within an area of coverage of the wireless communications system; and a mobile switching center operatively associated with the base station for receiving an initial registration message from the mobile terminal, the registration message identifying the mobile terminal, determining a mobility classification assigned to the mobile terminal and transmitting a registration accept message to the mobile terminal indicating that the mobile terminal has successfully registered on the wireless communications system, the registration accept message comprising the determined mobility classification assigned to the mobile terminal, the mobile terminal receiving the registration accept message and determining if the mobility classification is included in the registration accept message and periodically registering the mobile terminal with the wireless communications system at a time interval associated with the mobility classification.
33. The wireless communications system of claim 32 wherein the mobility classification comprises a timer value.
34. A method of periodically registering a mobile terminal with a wireless communications system, said method comprising: receiving a registration accept message from the wireless communications system and determining if a periodic registration interval associated with the mobile terminal is included in the registration accept message; storing the periodic registration time interval associated with the mobile terminal; and using the periodic registration interval stored in the memory for periodic registration of the mobile terminal with the wireless communications system.
35. The method of claim 34 further comprising using a default periodic registration time interval stored in the memory if it is determined that the periodic registration interval is not included in the registration accept message.
36. The method of claim 34 wherein the registration accept message is received during initial power up.
37. The method of claim 34 wherein the periodic registration interval comprises a mobility classification.
38. The method of claim 34 wherein the periodic registration interval comprises a time interval.
EP20010952339 2000-06-29 2001-06-29 Apparatus and method for periodic registration of a mobile terminal in a wireless communication system Withdrawn EP1295489A2 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US60645500A true 2000-06-29 2000-06-29
US606455 2000-06-29
PCT/US2001/020876 WO2002003719A2 (en) 2000-06-29 2001-06-29 Apparatus and method for periodic registration of a mobile terminal in a wireless communication system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP1295489A2 true EP1295489A2 (en) 2003-03-26

Family

ID=24428052

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP20010952339 Withdrawn EP1295489A2 (en) 2000-06-29 2001-06-29 Apparatus and method for periodic registration of a mobile terminal in a wireless communication system

Country Status (3)

Country Link
EP (1) EP1295489A2 (en)
AU (1) AU7310301A (en)
WO (1) WO2002003719A2 (en)

Families Citing this family (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2002209247A (en) * 2001-01-11 2002-07-26 Ntt Docomo Inc Location register, position registration system and position registration method
US20040198353A1 (en) * 2002-06-25 2004-10-07 Quick Roy Franklin Method and apparatus for optimizing registration and paging in group communications
DE102004043211A1 (en) * 2004-09-03 2006-03-09 Biotronik Crm Patent Ag Apparatus and method for operating a mobile communication device
FR2889642B1 (en) * 2005-08-05 2007-09-14 Sagem Comm Method for sending an amount information message by a mobile terminal of a cellular radio network
GB0600601D0 (en) 2006-01-12 2006-02-22 Vodafone Plc Telecommunications networks and devices
EP2320705B1 (en) * 2009-11-06 2013-03-13 Cinterion Wireless Modules GmbH Differentiation between mobile and stationary mobile radio terminals
FR2952784B1 (en) * 2009-11-16 2012-03-23 Alcatel Lucent Method and power saving system in a mobile terminal
CN102123375B (en) 2010-01-11 2014-04-02 华为终端有限公司 Mobility management method, GPRS (general packet radio service) support node or mobility management entity and terminal
US9615316B2 (en) 2011-11-18 2017-04-04 Qualcomm Incorporated Methods and devices for facilitating modified cell reselection parameters and procedures when access terminals exhibit little or no mobility
US10271274B2 (en) 2012-02-03 2019-04-23 Qualcomm Incorporated Devices and methods for facilitating extended time periods for maintaining PPP sessions
CN107295498A (en) * 2016-04-01 2017-10-24 电信科学技术研究院 Method and device for determining and providing mobility management support and treatment required by terminal

Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4775999A (en) * 1986-10-31 1988-10-04 Motorola, Inc. Registration of radiotelephones in networked cellular radiotelephone systems
US5610973A (en) * 1991-01-28 1997-03-11 Bellsouth Corporation Interactive roamer contact system for cellular mobile radiotelephone network
SE514018C2 (en) * 1993-09-23 2000-12-11 Ericsson Telefon Ab L M A method of registration in a cellular mobile radio system
AU712062B2 (en) * 1995-05-31 1999-10-28 Telefonaktiebolaget Lm Ericsson (Publ) Local control enhancement in a telecommunications system

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
See references of WO0203719A2 *

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
WO2002003719A2 (en) 2002-01-10
WO2002003719A3 (en) 2002-11-28
AU7310301A (en) 2002-01-14

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US6223046B1 (en) System and method for coordinating notification requests for terminal availability
US6366777B1 (en) Using two SIM cards with same MSISDN number
US5963869A (en) Method and apparatus for management of analog and digital control channels
KR100353786B1 (en) Layer 2 protocol in a cellular communication system
EP1719382B1 (en) Method and apparatus for sending signaling for multicast and broadcast services
US6522877B1 (en) Methods and apparatus for providing an interactive cell broadcast service
US5937355A (en) Emergency call handling in a cellular telecommunication system
US5987325A (en) Multiple smart card phone and method
US7031705B2 (en) Method and process for validating roaming cellular users
US5870677A (en) Private mobile communication system easily connecting portable or mobile radio telephone equipment to public network
EP0894408B1 (en) Flow control of short message service messages in a cellular telephone network
US6029065A (en) Remote feature code programming for mobile stations
KR100210535B1 (en) Mobile telephone registration method and control device thereof
US6584314B1 (en) Location management in a mobile telecommunication system
KR100212938B1 (en) Method of managing supplementary service procedures in gsm/vlr towards hlr
AU755305B2 (en) System, method, and apparatus for delivery of location information about caller
US6240284B1 (en) System and method of handling emergency calls from roaming mobile stations in a radio telecommunications network
US6542730B1 (en) System and method for disabling a cellular phone
AU728513B2 (en) Mobile station communication network
CN1124761C (en) Radiotelephone having plurality of subscriber identities and method for operating same
US6356767B2 (en) Method and apparatus for controlling mobile access to a wireless communication system
US5930239A (en) Message transmission system and method for a radiocommunication system
US20140073360A1 (en) Method and system for exploiting location-dependent services in a cellular radio system
US5548586A (en) Mobile packet communication system and a method of mobile packet communication
US5392452A (en) Selective call signaling system with combined wide area paging and high data rate transmissions via radio telephone transceivers

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AX Extension of the european patent to

Countries concerned: ALLTLVMKROSI

17P Request for examination filed

Effective date: 20030117

AK Designated contracting states:

Kind code of ref document: A2

Designated state(s): AT BE CH CY DE DK ES FI FR GB GR IE IT LI LU MC NL PT SE TR

Designated state(s): AT BE CH CY DE DK ES FI FR GB GR IE IT LI LU MC NL PT SE TR

17Q First examination report

Effective date: 20030729

RAP1 Transfer of rights of an ep application

Owner name: ERICSSON INC.

RIC1 Classification (correction)

Ipc: 7H 04Q 7/38 A

RTI1 Title (correction)

Free format text: APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR PERIODIC REGISTRATION OF A MOBILE TERMINAL IN A WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

18D Deemed to be withdrawn

Effective date: 20060523