EP1100410A1 - Bifurcated stent delivery system and method of use - Google Patents

Bifurcated stent delivery system and method of use

Info

Publication number
EP1100410A1
EP1100410A1 EP19990934434 EP99934434A EP1100410A1 EP 1100410 A1 EP1100410 A1 EP 1100410A1 EP 19990934434 EP19990934434 EP 19990934434 EP 99934434 A EP99934434 A EP 99934434A EP 1100410 A1 EP1100410 A1 EP 1100410A1
Authority
EP
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
distal end
passageway
defined
bifurcated
kit
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Ceased
Application number
EP19990934434
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Inventor
Ian M. Penn
Donald R. Ricci
George A. Shukov
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
evYsio Medical Devices ULC
Original Assignee
Novo RPS ULC
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/95Instruments specially adapted for placement or removal of stents or stent-grafts
    • A61F2/954Instruments specially adapted for placement or removal of stents or stent-grafts for placing stents or stent-grafts in a bifurcation
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/95Instruments specially adapted for placement or removal of stents or stent-grafts
    • A61F2/958Inflatable balloons for placing stents or stent-grafts
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/82Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/86Stents in a form characterised by the wire-like elements; Stents in the form characterised by a net-like or mesh-like structure
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/02Prostheses implantable into the body
    • A61F2/04Hollow or tubular parts of organs, e.g. bladders, tracheae, bronchi or bile ducts
    • A61F2/06Blood vessels
    • A61F2002/065Y-shaped blood vessels
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/0021Catheters; Hollow probes characterised by the form of the tubing
    • A61M25/0023Catheters; Hollow probes characterised by the form of the tubing by the form of the lumen, e.g. cross-section, variable diameter
    • A61M25/0026Multi-lumen catheters with stationary elements
    • A61M2025/0034Multi-lumen catheters with stationary elements characterized by elements which are assembled, connected or fused, e.g. splittable tubes, outer sheaths creating lumina or separate cores
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M25/00Catheters; Hollow probes
    • A61M25/0021Catheters; Hollow probes characterised by the form of the tubing
    • A61M25/0023Catheters; Hollow probes characterised by the form of the tubing by the form of the lumen, e.g. cross-section, variable diameter
    • A61M25/0026Multi-lumen catheters with stationary elements
    • A61M2025/0037Multi-lumen catheters with stationary elements characterized by lumina being arranged side-by-side

Abstract

An endovascular sleeve which can be utilized to navigate a pair of guidewires to a bifurcated body passageway such that, once in place, the guidewires are substantially untwisted or untangled. This greatly facilitates delivery of the bifurcated stent to the bifurcated artery.

Description

BIFURCATED STENT DELIVERY SYSTEM AND METHOD OF USE

TECHNICAL FIELD

In one of its aspects, the present invention relates to an endovascular sleeve for use in delivery of a bifurcated stent. In another of its aspects, the present invention relates to bifurcated stent delivery kit. In yet another of its aspects, the present invention relates to a method for delivery of a bifurcated stent.

BACKGROUND ART

Stents are generally known. Indeed, the term "stent" has been used interchangeably with terms such as "intraluminal vascular graft" and "expansible prosthesis". As used throughout this specification, the term "stent" is intended to have a broad meaning and encompasses any expandable prosthetic device for implantation in a body passageway (e.g., a lumen or artery).

In the past ten years, the use of stents has attracted an increasing amount of attention due the potential of these devices to be used, in certain cases, as an alternative to surgery. Generally, a stent is used to obtain and maintain the patency of the body passageway while maintaining the integrity of the passageway. As used in this specification, the term "body passageway" is intended to have a broad meaning and encompasses any duct (e.g., natural or iatrogenic) within the human body and can include a member selected from the group comprising: blood vessels, respiratory ducts, gastrointestinal ducts and the like. Stent development has evolved to the point where the vast majority of currently available stents rely on controlled plastic deformation of the entire structure of the stent at the target body passageway so that only sufficient force to maintain the patency of the body passageway is applied during expansion of the stent. Generally, in many of these systems, a stent, in association with a balloon, is delivered to the target area of the body passageway by a catheter system. Once the stent has been properly located (for example, for intravascular implantation the target area of the vessel can be filled with a contrast medium to facilitate visualization during fluoroscopy), the balloon is expanded thereby plastically deforming the entire structure of the stent so that the latter is urged in place against the body passageway. As indicated above, the amount of force applied is at least that necessary to expand the stent (i. e. , the applied the force exceeds the minimum force above which the stent material will undergo plastic deformation) while maintaining the patency of the body passageway. At this point, the balloon is deflated and withdrawn within the catheter, and is subsequently removed.

Ideally, the stent will remain in place and maintain the target area of the body passageway substantially free of blockage (or narrowing).

See, for example, any of the following patents:

United States patent 4,733,665 (Palmaz),

United States patent 4,739,762 (Palmaz), United States patent 4,800,882 (Gianturco),

United States patent 4,907,336 (Gianturco),

United States patent 5,035,706 (Gianturco et al.),

United States patent 5,037,392 (Hillstead),

United States patent 5,041,126 (Gianturco), United States patent 5,102,417 (Palmaz),

United States patent 5,147,385 (Beck et al.),

United States patent 5,282,824 (Gianturco),

United States patent 5,316,023 (Palmaz et al.),

Canadian patent 1,239,755 (Wallsten), Canadian patent 1,245,527 (Gianturco et al.),

Canadian patent application number 2,171,047 (Penn et al.),

Canadian patent application number 2,175,722 (Penn et al.),

Canadian patent application number 2,185,740 (Penn et al.),

Canadian patent application number 2,192,520 (Penn et al.), International patent application PCT/C A97/00151 (Penn et al), and

International patent application PCT/CA97/00152 (Penn et al), the contents of each of which are hereby incorporated by reference, for a discussion on previous stent designs and deployment systems.

All of the stents described in the above-identified patents share the common design of being mono-tubular and thus, are best suited to be delivered and implanted in-line in the body passageway. These known stents are inappropriate for use in a bifurcated body passageway (e.g., a body passageway comprising a parent passageway that splits into a pair of passageways). Further, these stents are inappropriate for use in a body passageway having side branches since: (i) inaccurate placement of the stent substantially increases the risk to the patient, (ii) the risk of passageway closure in the side branches is increased, and

(iii) the side branches will be substantially inaccessible.

Indeed, the Physician Guide published in support of the Palmaz-Schatz stent states on page 32 (the contents of which are hereby incorporated by reference):

" ... no attempt should be made following placement of a PALMAZ-SCHATZ stent to access the side branch with a guide wire or a balloon, as such attempts may result in additional damage to the target vessel or the stent. Attempts to treat obstructed side branches within stented segments can result in balloon entrapment, necessitating emergency bypass surgery."

Thus, when installed, the Palmaz-Schatz stent admittedly shields side branches emanating from the target area of the body passageway effectively permanently. This can be problematic since the only way to treat blockage or other problems associated with the side branches is to perform the type of surgery which installation of the stent was intended to avoid.

This contraindication for conventional mono-tubular stents is corroborated by a number of investigators. See, for example, the following:

1. Interventional Cardiovascular Medicine: Principles and

Practice (1994); Publisher: Churchill Livingstone Inc.; pages 221-223 (Ohman et al.), 487-488 (Labinaz et al.), 667-668 (Bashore et al.) and 897 (Bailey et al.), including references cited therein;

2. Gianturco-Roubin Flex-Stent™ Coronary Stent:

Physician's Guide; page 2, Paragraph 3 under WARNINGS;

3. Circulation, Vol. 83, No. 1, January 1991 (Schatz et al.); entitled "Clinical Experience With the Palmaz-Schatz

Coronary Stent"; pages 148-161 at page 149; and

4. American Heart Journal, Vol. 127, No. 2, February 1994 (Eeckhout et al.); entitled "Complications and follow-up after intracoronary stenting: Critical analysis of a 6-year single-center experience"; pages 262-272 at page 263,

the contents of each of which are hereby incorporated by reference.

Further, some investigators have attempted to install individual stents in each branch of the bifurcated body passageway. However, this approach is fraught with at least two significant problems. First, implantation of three individual stents is technically challenging and, together with the expansive forces generated upon implantation, results in subjecting the central walls of the bifurcated body passageway to undue stress and trauma which may lead to post- procedural complications. Second, since the central walls (i.e., in the crotch area) of the bifurcated body passageway are not supported by the individual stents, this area of the passageway is left substantially unprotected and susceptible to blockage.

One particular problem area with bifurcated body passageways is the occurrence of bifurcation lesions within the coronary circulation. Generally, these legions may be classified as follows: Type Characteristic

A Prebranch stenosis not involving the ostium of the side branch;

B Postbranch stenosis of the parent vessel not involving the origin of the side branch;

C Stenosis encompassing the side branch but not involving the ostium;

D Stenosis involving the parent vessel and ostium of the side branch;

E Stenosis involving the ostium of the side branch only; and

F Stenosis discretely involving the parent vessel and ostium of the side branch.

See Atlas of Interventional Cardiology (Popma et al.), 1994, pages 77-79, the contents of which are hereby incorporated by reference. The presence of bifurcation lesions is predictive of increased procedural complications including acute vessel closure. United States patent 4,994,071 (MacGregor), the contents of which are hereby incorporated by reference, discloses a bifurcating stent apparatus. The particular design incorporates a series of generally parallel oriented loops interconnected by a sequence of "half-birch" connections. The lattice structure of the illustrated stent is constructed of wire. The use of such wire is important to obtain the loop structure of the illustrated design. United States patents 3,993,078 (Bergentz et al.) and 5,342,387 (Summers), the contents of each of which are hereby incorporated by reference, also disclose and illustrate a bifurcated stent design constructed of wire.

In published Canadian patent application number 2,134,997 (Penn et al.) and published International patent application PCT/CA97/00294 (Penn et al), the contents of each of which are hereby incorporated by reference, we describe various novel bifurcated stents.

Thus, while bifurcated stents are generally known, the base of knowledge relating thereto is significantly less than that relating to monotubular stents. Not surprisingly there is a similar imbalance of knowledge relating to the delivery systems for such stents. Specifically, there is vast knowledge relating delivery systems for monotubular stents compared to the knowledge that exists for bifurcated stent delivery systems.

In the delivery of any stent (monotubular or bifurcated) it is reasonably well accepted that the stent is mounted on a catheter which is navigated over a guidewire previously inserted through a guide catheter to the target location. Thus, when the object is to deliver a bifurcated stent, it is envisaged that a pair of guidewires would be used - i.e., one for each of the two passageways that branch off the primary passageway. As such, it is important that, in the primary passage, the guidewires do not become entangled, either in the guide catheter or the body passageway, as this will prevent navigation of the catheter to the target location. In addition, the limited size of the guide catheter determines the bulkiness of the bifurcated stent delivery system. The practical result of this is that the current approach of delivering bifurcated stents is bulky, cumbersome and technically challenging. To date, the present inventors are unaware of a solution to the problems of conventional bifurcated stent delivery.

Accordingly, it would be desirable to have a system which could be used to navigate a pair of guidewires in a substantially untangled manner to facilitate delivery of the bifurcated stent. It would be further advantageous is such a system were relatively miniaturized compared to conventional bifurcated stent delivery systems. DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION

It is an object of the present invention to provide a novel bifurcated stent delivery system which obviates or mitigates at least one of the above-mentioned disadvantages of the prior art. Thus, in one of its aspects, the present invention provides an endovascular sleeve for delivering a pair of guidewires to a bifurcated body passageway, the sleeve comprising a first tubular passageway and a second tubular passageway fixed with respect to one another, the first tubular passageway comprising a first distal end and a first proximal end, the second tubular passageway comprising a second distal end and a second proximal end, the first distal end being longer than the second distal end to define a junction which abuts against a crotch in the bifurcated body passageway.

A bifurcated stent delivery kit for delivery of a bifurcated stent to a bifurcated body passageway, the kit comprising: a catheter; a pair of guidewires; and an endovascular sleeve for delivering the guidewires to a bifurcated body passageway, the sleeve comprising a first tubular passageway and a second tubular passageway fixed with respect to one another, the first tubular passageway comprising a first distal end and a first proximal end, the second tubular passageway comprising a second distal end and a second proximal end, the first distal end being longer than the second distal end to define a junction which abuts against a crotch in the bifurcated body passageway.

In yet another of its aspects, the present invention provides method for delivery of a bifurcated stent to a target bifurcated body passageway having a proximal body passageway, a first distal body passageway and a second distal body passageway using an endovascular sleeve comprising a first tubular passageway and a second tubular passageway fixed with respect to one another, the first tubular passageway comprising a first distal end and a first proximal end, the second tubular passageway comprising a second distal end and a second proximal end, the first distal end being longer than the second distal end to define a junction which abuts against a crotch in the bifurcated body passageway, the method comprising the steps of:

(i) navigating a first guidewire through the primary proximal body passageway and into the first distal body passageway; (ii) feeding the first tubular passageway of the endovascular sleeve over the first guidewire;

(iii) navigating the endovascular sleeve through the primary proximal body passageway until the first distal end is disposed in the first distal body passageway and the junction abuts a crotch in the bifurcated body passageway; (iv) navigating a second guidewire through the second tubular passageway and into the second distal body passageway;

(v) withdrawing the endovascular sleeve from the body passageway;

(vi) guiding a catheter over the first guidewire and the second guidewire, the catheter having a bifurcated stent disposed thereon; (vii) navigating the bifurcated stent to the target bifurcated body passageway; and

(viii) expanding the bifurcated stent.

Thus, the present inventors have developed an endovascular sleeve which can be utilized to navigate a pair of guidewires to a bifurcated body passageway such that, once in place, the guidewires are substantially untwisted or untangle. This greatly facilitates delivery of the bifurcated stent to the bifurcated artery.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings wherein like numerals designate like parts and in which:

Figure 1 illustrates a side elevation of a first embodiment of the present endovascular sleeve;

Figure 2 illustrates a side elevation of a second embodiment of the present endovascular sleeve;

Figures 3-7 illustrate enlarged views of how the present endovascular sleeve may be used to deliver a pair of guidewires; Figures 8-12 illustrate perspective views of how the present endovascular sleeve may be used to deliver a pair of guidewires;

Figures 13-15 illustrate enlarged view of how a bifurcated stent may be delivered once the pair of guidewires are in place; and Figure 16 illustrates an enlarged view of the implanted bifurcated stent delivered in Figures 13-15.

BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION

With reference to Figure 1, there is shown an endovascular sleeve 10. Endovascular sleeve 10 comprises a first tubular passageway 20 having a first distal end 22 and first proximal end 24. Endovascular sleeve 10 further comprises a second tubular passageway 30 having a second distal end 32 and second proximal end 34. First tubular passageway 20 and second tubular passageway 30 are joined and fixed with respect to one another along a seam 40. As illustrated, first distal end 22 extends beyond second distal end 32. This offset between first distal end 22 and second distal end 32 defines a junction 45 Preferably, first distal end 22 extends beyond second distal end 32 by a margin of at least about 0.3 cm, more preferably by a margin in the range of from about 0.3 cm to about 3 cm, most preferably by a margin in the range of from about 0.5 cm to about 2 cm. Further, first proximal end 24 is significantly offset with respect to second proximal end 34. As will be developed below, this offset renders endovascular sleeve 10 as a "over-the- wire/monorail" delivery system. As shown, each of first distal end 22 and second distal end 32 are chamfered or bevelled. With reference to Figure 2, there is shown an endovascular sleeve 100.

Endovascular sleeve 100 comprises a first tubular passageway 120 having a first distal end 122 and first proximal end 124. Endovascular sleeve 100 further comprises a second tubular passageway 130 having a second distal end 132 and second proximal end 134. First tubular passageway 120 and second tubular passageway 130 are joined and fixed with respect to one another along a seam 140. As illustrated, first distal end 122 extends beyond second distal end 132. This offset between first distal end 122 and second distal end 132 defines a junction 145. Preferably, first distal end 122 extends beyond second distal end 132 by a margin of at least about 0.3 cm, more preferably by a margin in the range of from about 0.3 cm to about 3 cm, most preferably by a margin in the range of from about 0.5 cm to about 2 cm. Further, unlike in the "over-the- wire/monorail" delivery system illustrated in Figure 1, first proximal end 124 is substantially even with respect to second proximal end 134. This relatively even disposition of first proximal end 124 and second proximal end 134 renders endovascular sleeve 100 as a "double over-the-wire" delivery system. As shown, each of first distal end 122 and second distal end 132 are chamfered or bevelled. The material used to constructed endovascular sleeve 10 is not particularly restricted provided of course that it: (i) sufficient integrity to by navigated through tortuous body passageways, and (ii) is non-toxic to the subject in which endovascular sleeve 10 is being navigated. Non- limiting examples of suitable materials include bioplastic polymers, a flexible metal tube and the like. With reference to Figures 3-7, the use of endovascular sleeve 10 used to deliver a pair of guidewires will be discussed.

As shown, a bifurcated body passageway 50 comprises a proximal passageway 52 and a pair of distal passageways 54,56. The junction of distal passageways 54,56 defines a crotch 58. For clarity, the stenosis of bifurcated body passageway 50 is not illustrated.

With reference to Figure 3, a first guidewire 60 is navigated through proximal passageway 52 and into distal passageway 54 in the direction of arrow A.

With reference to Figure 4, first tubular passageway 20 is fed over guidewire 60 in the direction of arrow A and navigated until it enters distal passageway 54 and junction 40 of endovascular sleeve 10 abuts crotch 58 of bifurcated body passageway 50. In the illustrated embodiment, endovascular sleeve 10 is provided with a radioopaque marker (e.g., made of gold and the like) near or at junction 40 so that the position of junction 40 relative to crotch 58 can be monitored using conventional image radiography techniques. Once endovascular sleeve 10 is positioned in this fashion, second distal end 32 of second tubular passageway 30 opens into distal passageway 56. With reference to Figure 5, once endovascular sleeve 10 is in place (i.e., as shown in Figure 4), a second guidewire 62 is fed through second tubular passageway 30 into distal passageway 56 in the direction of arrow A.

With reference to Figure 6, once guidewires 60,62 are positioned correctly, endovascular sleeve 10 is withdrawn from bifurcated body passageway

50 in the direction of arrow B. As will be apparent to those of skill in the art, care should be taken to avoid twisting of endovascular sleeve 10 since this could result in conveyance of the twist to guidewires 60,62.

With reference to Figure 7, once endovascular sleeve 10 is completely withdrawn from bifurcated body passageway 50, guidewires 60,62 remain with the distal ends thereof in distal passageways 54,56, respectively.

With reference to Figures 8-12, there are illustrated perspective views of the use of endovascular sleeve 10 to deliver a pair of guidewires as described hereinabove with respect to Figures 3-7. As illustrated, endovascular sleeve 10 is introduced to a subject 70 via a suitable incision near the groin of subject 70. Generally speaking, the concordance of the perspectives view illustrated in Figures 8-12 to the enlarged view illustrated in Figures 3-7 is as follows:

Figure 8 concords with Figure 3;

Figures 9 and 10 concord with Figure 4; Figure 11 concords with Figure 5; and Figure 12 concords with Figures 6 and 7.

As discussed above, endovascular sleeve 10 may be regarded as an "over- the-wire/monorail" delivery system. By this it is meant that, once the sleeve is in the correct position, one tubular passageway (30) remains over a guidewire (62) such that the proximal end thereof (34) emanates from the subject whereas the proximal end (24) of the other tubular passageway (20) does not emanate from the subj ect. In other words, the section of the other tubular passageway (20) between the bifurcated body passageway (50) and incision (72) in the subj ect (70) does not completely cover the other guidewire (60). As discussed above, endovascular sleeve 100 may be regarded as a "double over-the-wire" delivery system. By this is meant that, once the sleeve is in the correct position, both tubular passage ways (120,130) remain over their respective guidewires (60,62) such that the proximal end (24) of each tubular passageway (120,130) emanates from the subject. In other words, both guidewires (60,62) are substantially completely covered by endovascular sleeve 100.

With reference to Figure 7, once the endovascular sleeve is removed, guidewires 60,62 remain as illustrated and are substantially untwisted to the point at which they emanate from the subject. With reference to Figure 13, at this point, a catheter 80 is used to deliver a bifurcated stent to bifurcated body passageway 50. Specifically, catheter 80 comprises a balloon 82 having a pair of tubes 84,86 emanating from one end thereof. Mounted on balloon 82 is a bifurcated stent 88. Tubes 84,86 are of a conventional, annular design such that they can be disposed over their respective guidewires and can receive a fluid which is used to fill balloon 82 resulting in expansion thereof. Thus, catheter 80 is navigated over guidewires 60,62 until the bifurcated stent is in the correct position - see Figure 14. At this point, a pressurized fluid (e.g., saline) is introduced into balloon 82 via tubes 84,86 resulting in expansion of balloon 82 and stent 88 - see Figure 15. Thereafter, balloon 82 is deflated conventionally and withdrawn from bifurcated body passage way 50 leaving stent 88 in a deployed state - see Figure 16. While balloon 82 is shown as a pair of adjacent single balloons, those of skill in the art will appreciate that a bifurcated balloon could be used in place of a pair of single balloons. While this invention has been described with reference to illustrative embodiments, this description is not intended to be construed in a limiting sense. Various modifications of the illustrative embodiments, as well as other embodiments of the invention , will be apparent to persons skilled in the art upon reference to this description. It is therefore contemplated that the appended claims will cover any such modifications or embodiments.

Claims

What is claimed is:
1. An endovascular sleeve for delivering a pair of guidewires to a bifurcated body passageway, the sleeve comprising a first tubular passageway and a second tubular passageway fixed with respect to one another, the first tubular passageway comprising a first distal end and a first proximal end, the second tubular passageway comprising a second distal end and a second proximal end, the first distal end being longer than the second distal end to define a junction which abuts against a crotch in the bifurcated body passageway.
2. The endovascular sleeve defined in claim 1, further comprising a radioopaque marker disposed thereon.
3. The endovascular sleeve defined in claim 2, wherein the radioopaque marker is disposed at the junction.
4. The endovascular sleeve defined in any one of claims 1-3, wherein the first passageway has a substantially circular cross-section.
5. The endovascular sleeve defined in any one of claims 1-3, wherein the second passageway has a substantially circular cross-section.
6. The endovascular sleeve defined in any one of claims 1-3, wherein both the first passageway and the second passageway have a substantially circular cross-section.
7. The endovascular sleeve defined in any one of claims 1-6, wherein the first distal end is at least about 0.3 cm shorter than the second distal end.
8. The endovascular sleeve defined in any one of claims 1-6, wherein the first distal end is longer than the second distal end by a margin in the range of from about 0.3 to about 3 cm.
9. The endovascular sleeve defined in any one of claims 1-6, wherein the first distal end is longer than the second distal end by a margin in the range of from about 0.5 to about 2 cm.
10. The endovascular sleeve defined in any one of claims 1-9, wherein the first distal end is chamfered.
11. The endovascular sleeve defined in any one of claims 1-9, wherein the second distal end is chamfered.
12. The endovascular sleeve defined in any one of claims 1-9, wherein both the first distal end and the second distal end are chamfered.
13. A bifurcated stent delivery kit for delivery of a bifurcated stent to a bifurcated body passageway, the kit comprising: a catheter; a pair of guidewires; and an endovascular sleeve for delivering the guidewires to a bifurcated body passageway, the sleeve comprising a first tubular passageway and a second tubular passageway fixed with respect to one another, the first tubular passageway comprising a first distal end and a first proximal end, the second tubular passageway comprising a second distal end and a second proximal end, the first distal end being longer than the second distal end to define a junction which abuts against a crotch in the bifurcated body passageway.
14. The kit defined in claim 13, wherein the endovascular sleeve further comprises a radioopaque marker disposed thereon.
15. The kit defined in claim 14, wherein the radioopaque marker is disposed at the junction.
16. The kit defined in any one of claims 13-15, wherein the first passageway has a substantially circular cross-section.
17. The kit defined in any one of claims 13-15, wherein the second passageway has a substantially circular cross-section.
18. The kit defined in any one of claims 13-15, wherein both the first passageway and the second passageway have a substantially circular cross- section.
19. The kit defined in any one of claims 13-18, wherein the first distal end is at least about 0.3 cm is longer than the second distal end.
20. The kit defined in any one of claims 13-18, wherein the first distal end is longer than the second distal end by a margin in the range of from about 0.3 to about 3 cm.
21. The kit defined in any one of claims 13-18, wherein the first distal end is longer than the second distal end by a margin in the range of from about 0.5 to about 2 cm.
22. The kit defined in any one of claims 13-21, wherein the first distal end is chamfered.
23. The kit defined in any one of claims 13-21, wherein the second distal end is chamfered.
24. The kit defined in any one of claims 13-21, wherein both the first distal end and the second distal end are chamfered.
25. The kit defined in any one of claims 13-24, wherein the catheter comprises at least one expandable member.
26. The kit defined in claim 25, wherein the expandable member is disposed adjacent a distal end of the catheter.
27. The kit defined in any one of claims 25-26, wherein the catheter comprises two expandable members.
28. The kit defined in any one of claims 25-27, wherein the catheter comprises a substantially Y-shaped expandable member.
29. The kit defined in any one of claims 25-28, wherein the expandable member is a balloon.
30. The kit defined in any one of claims 25-29, further comprising a bifurcated stent disposed on the expandable member.
31. The kit defined in claim 30, wherein the bifurcated stent is mounted on the expandable member.
32. A method for delivery of a bifurcated stent to a target bifurcated body passageway having a proximal body passageway, a first distal body passageway and a second distal body passageway using an endovascular sleeve comprising a first tubular passageway and a second tubular passageway fixed with respect to one another, the first tubular passageway comprising a first distal end and a first proximal end, the second tubular passageway comprising a second distal end and a second proximal end, the first distal end being longer than the second distal end to define a junction which abuts against a crotch in the bifurcated body passageway, the method comprising the steps of:
(i) navigating a first guidewire through the primary proximal body passageway and into the first distal body passageway; (ii) feeding the first tubular passageway of the endovascular sleeve over the first guidewire; (iii) navigating the endovascular sleeve through the primary proximal body passageway until the first distal end is disposed in the first distal body passageway and the junction abuts a crotch in the bifurcated body passageway;
(iv) navigating a second guidewire through the second tubular passageway and into the second distal body passageway;
(v) withdrawing the endovascular sleeve from the body passageway;
(vi) guiding a catheter over the first guidewire and the second guidewire, the catheter having a bifurcated stent disposed thereon;
(vii) navigating the bifurcated stent to the target bifurcated body passageway; and
(viii) expanding the bifurcated stent.
33. The method defined in claim 32, wherein the catheter further comprises at least one expandable member on which the bifurcated stent is disposed and Step (viii) comprises expanding the expandable member to convey a radially expansive force to the bifurcated stent.
34. The method defined in claim 33, wherein the expandable member is disposed adjacent a distal end of the catheter.
35. The method defined in any one of claims 33-34, wherein the catheter comprises two expandable members.
36. The method defined in any one of claims 33-35, wherein the catheter comprises a substantially Y-shaped expandable member.
37. The method defined in any one of claims 33-36, wherein the expandable member is a balloon.
38. The method defined in any one of claims 32-37, wherein the bifurcated stent is constructed of a plastically deformable material.
39. The method defined in any one of claims 32-37, wherein the bifurcated stent is constructed of stainless steel.
40. The method defined in any one of claims 32-37, wherein the bifurcated stent is constructed of a self-expanding material.
41. The method defined in any one of claims 32-40, wherein the catheter further comprises a sheath covering the bifurcated stent and Step (viii) comprises removing the sheath to expose the bifurcated stent resulting in a radially expansive force thereon.
42. The method defined in claim 40, wherein the self-expanding material is nitinol.
43. The method defined in any one of claims 40 and 42, wherein the self- expanding material expands at a temperature of greater than about 30┬░C.
44. The method defined in any one of claims 40-42, wherein the self- expanding material expands at a temperature of in the range of from about 30┬░ to about 40 ┬░C.
45. The method defined in any one of claims 32-44, wherein the endovascular sleeve further comprises a radioopaque marker disposed thereon.
46. The method defined in claim 45, wherein the radioopaque marker is disposed at the junction.
47. The method defined in any one of claims 32-46, wherein the first passageway has a substantially circular cross-section.
48. The method defined in any one of claims 32-46, wherein the second passageway has a substantially circular cross-section.
49. The method defined in any one of claims 32-46, wherein both the first passageway and the second passageway have a substantially circular cross- section.
50. The method defined in any one of claims 32-49, wherein the first distal end is at least about 0.3 cm is longer than the second distal end.
51. The method defined in any one of claims 32-49, wherein the first distal end is longer than the second distal end by a margin in the range of from about 0.3 to about 3 cm.
52. The method defined in any one of claims 32-49, wherein the first distal end is longer than the second distal end by a margin in the range of from about 0.5 to about 2 cm.
53. The method defined in any one of claims 32-52, wherein the first distal end is chamfered.
54. The method defined in any one of claims 32-52, wherein the second distal end is chamfered.
55. The method defined in any one of claims 32-52, wherein both the first distal end and the second distal end are chamfered.
EP19990934434 1998-07-31 1999-07-29 Bifurcated stent delivery system and method of use Ceased EP1100410A1 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US9495098 true 1998-07-31 1998-07-31
US94950P 1998-07-31
PCT/CA1999/000695 WO2000007523A1 (en) 1998-07-31 1999-07-29 Bifurcated stent delivery system and method of use

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP1100410A1 true true EP1100410A1 (en) 2001-05-23

Family

ID=22248112

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP19990934434 Ceased EP1100410A1 (en) 1998-07-31 1999-07-29 Bifurcated stent delivery system and method of use

Country Status (5)

Country Link
EP (1) EP1100410A1 (en)
JP (1) JP4435981B2 (en)
CN (1) CN1171565C (en)
CA (1) CA2339133C (en)
WO (1) WO2000007523A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2001043809A1 (en) * 1999-12-16 2001-06-21 Advanced Cardiovascular Systems, Inc. Catheter assembly and method for positioning the same at a bifurcated vessel
US9427340B2 (en) 2004-12-14 2016-08-30 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Stent with protruding branch portion for bifurcated vessels
US7090694B1 (en) 2003-11-19 2006-08-15 Advanced Cardiovascular Systems, Inc. Portal design for stent for treating bifurcated vessels
US8882826B2 (en) 2006-08-22 2014-11-11 Abbott Cardiovascular Systems Inc. Intravascular stent
US8834554B2 (en) 2006-08-22 2014-09-16 Abbott Cardiovascular Systems Inc. Intravascular stent
US8216267B2 (en) 2006-09-12 2012-07-10 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Multilayer balloon for bifurcated stent delivery and methods of making and using the same
EP2282699A4 (en) * 2008-05-10 2015-05-06 Orbusneich Medical Inc Sleeves for positioning a stent on a delivery balloon cathether system
US8932340B2 (en) 2008-05-29 2015-01-13 Boston Scientific Scimed, Inc. Bifurcated stent and delivery system

Family Cites Families (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4134402B1 (en) * 1976-02-11 1989-07-25
US4733665C2 (en) 1985-11-07 2002-01-29 Expandable Grafts Partnership Expandable intraluminal graft and method and apparatus for implanting an expandable intraluminal graft
US4800882A (en) 1987-03-13 1989-01-31 Cook Incorporated Endovascular stent and delivery system
US4907336A (en) 1987-03-13 1990-03-13 Cook Incorporated Method of making an endovascular stent and delivery system
US5037392A (en) 1989-06-06 1991-08-06 Cordis Corporation Stent-implanting balloon assembly
US5035706A (en) 1989-10-17 1991-07-30 Cook Incorporated Percutaneous stent and method for retrieval thereof
US5167623A (en) * 1990-12-27 1992-12-01 The Kendall Company Multilumen catheter
CA2134997C (en) * 1994-11-03 2009-06-02 Ian M. Penn Stent
US5669924A (en) * 1995-10-26 1997-09-23 Shaknovich; Alexander Y-shuttle stent assembly for bifurcating vessels and method of using the same
FR2740346A1 (en) * 1995-10-30 1997-04-30 Debiotech Sa Angioplasty device for arterial bifurcation
FR2749160B1 (en) * 1996-05-28 1999-05-21 Patrice Bergeron modular bifurcated vascular prosthesis
US5749825A (en) * 1996-09-18 1998-05-12 Isostent, Inc. Means method for treatment of stenosed arterial bifurcations
US5807311A (en) * 1996-11-29 1998-09-15 Palestrant; Aubrey M. Dialysis catheter having rigid and collapsible lumens and related method

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
See references of WO0007523A1 *

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
CA2339133A1 (en) 2000-02-17 application
JP2002522114A (en) 2002-07-23 application
CN1171565C (en) 2004-10-20 grant
CA2339133C (en) 2008-11-18 grant
JP4435981B2 (en) 2010-03-24 grant
WO2000007523A1 (en) 2000-02-17 application
CN1311646A (en) 2001-09-05 application

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
Nakamura et al. Techniques for Palmaz‐Schatz stent deployment in lesions with a large side branch
US6033435A (en) Bifurcated stent and method for the manufacture and delivery of same
US6102940A (en) Device forming an endoluminal intracorporeal endoprosthesis, in particular for the abdominal aorta
US7163552B2 (en) Stent delivery system with hydraulic deployment
US6261273B1 (en) Access system for branched vessels amd methods of use
US5749890A (en) Method and system for stent placement in ostial lesions
US6579308B1 (en) Stent devices with detachable distal or proximal wires
EP0479557B1 (en) A balloon device for implanting an aortic intraluminal prosthesis for repairing aneurysms
US5643278A (en) Stent delivery system
US6139572A (en) Delivery system for intraluminal vascular grafts
US6183509B1 (en) Endoprosthesis for the treatment of blood-vessel bifurcation stenosis and purpose-built installation device
US5556414A (en) Composite intraluminal graft
US6478813B1 (en) Method for joining grafts in a common body passageway
US6736839B2 (en) Medical device delivery system
US5505699A (en) Angioplasty device
US6086611A (en) Bifurcated stent
US5653743A (en) Hypogastric artery bifurcation graft and method of implantation
US6692483B2 (en) Catheter with attached flexible side sheath
US6811566B1 (en) Bifurcated stent and method for the manufacture of same
US7758624B2 (en) Implant delivery device
US20050125050A1 (en) Biliary stent introducer system
US6143016A (en) Sheath and method of use for a stent delivery system
US20020156516A1 (en) Method for employing an extendible stent apparatus
US6293964B1 (en) Ostial stent
US6056775A (en) Bifurcated endovascular stents and method and apparatus for their placement

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AX Request for extension of the european patent to

Free format text: AL;LT;LV;MK;RO;SI

17P Request for examination filed

Effective date: 20010228

AK Designated contracting states:

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): AT BE CH CY DE DK ES FI FR GB GR IE IT LI LU MC NL PT SE

17Q First examination report

Effective date: 20030429

RAP1 Transfer of rights of an ep application

Owner name: EVYSIO MEDICAL DEVICES ULC

DAX Request for extension of the european patent (to any country) deleted
18R Refused

Effective date: 20070312