EP1036491B1 - Cooling system for semiconductor die carrier - Google Patents

Cooling system for semiconductor die carrier Download PDF

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Publication number
EP1036491B1
EP1036491B1 EP19980958566 EP98958566A EP1036491B1 EP 1036491 B1 EP1036491 B1 EP 1036491B1 EP 19980958566 EP19980958566 EP 19980958566 EP 98958566 A EP98958566 A EP 98958566A EP 1036491 B1 EP1036491 B1 EP 1036491B1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
fins
cooling system
cooling
heat exchanger
semiconductor die
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
EP19980958566
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP1036491A1 (en
EP1036491A4 (en
Inventor
William Ahern
Moises Behar
Stanford W. Crane, Jr.
Arindum Dutta
Lakshminarasimha Krishnapura
Kevin J. Link
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Silicon Bandwidth Inc
Original Assignee
Silicon Bandwidth Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US08/970,503 priority Critical patent/US6031720A/en
Application filed by Silicon Bandwidth Inc filed Critical Silicon Bandwidth Inc
Priority to PCT/US1998/024251 priority patent/WO1999026460A1/en
Publication of EP1036491A1 publication Critical patent/EP1036491A1/en
Publication of EP1036491A4 publication Critical patent/EP1036491A4/en
Priority to US970503 priority
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP1036491B1 publication Critical patent/EP1036491B1/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L23/00Details of semiconductor or other solid state devices
    • H01L23/34Arrangements for cooling, heating, ventilating or temperature compensation ; Temperature sensing arrangements
    • H01L23/46Arrangements for cooling, heating, ventilating or temperature compensation ; Temperature sensing arrangements involving the transfer of heat by flowing fluids
    • H01L23/467Arrangements for cooling, heating, ventilating or temperature compensation ; Temperature sensing arrangements involving the transfer of heat by flowing fluids by flowing gases, e.g. air
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L2924/00Indexing scheme for arrangements or methods for connecting or disconnecting semiconductor or solid-state bodies as covered by H01L24/00
    • H01L2924/0001Technical content checked by a classifier
    • H01L2924/0002Not covered by any one of groups H01L24/00, H01L24/00 and H01L2224/00

Description

    Field of Invention
  • The present invention relates to a cooling system for a semiconductor die carrier.
  • Description of Related Art
  • Conventional cooling systems for a semiconductor die carrier suffer from several disadvantages. While conventional cooling systems do provide some measure of cooling for semiconductor die carriers, they do not provide optimum cooling capability for the semiconductor die housed in the carrier and optimum performance cannot be achieved. Conventional cooling systems for a semiconductor die carriers rely on a fan mounted adjacent to the die carrier. This close spatial relationship and limitation on airflow passage size reduces the cooling system's ability to effectively remove the heat generated by the die. Furthermore, conventional cooling systems for a semiconductor die carriers rely on the use of warm air from within a computer enclosure to cool the semiconductor die package. Often, the air within the enclosure is substantially warmer than the ambient air outside the computer enclosure. The performance of a semiconductor becomes degraded as the temperature of the die carrier increases. Thus, the above-referenced disadvantages directly effect the performance of the semiconductor die.
  • US-A-4674004 discloses a cooling system comprising a cooling fan 16, a cooling duct with inlet and outlet aperture 40 and an heat exchanger 42 (see Fig. 4) mounted on a carrier (PCB) 24, whereby the apertures are disposed upstream and adjacent to the face of the heat exchanger and the heat exchanger comprises fins. Cooling air exiting the aperture impinges onto the face of the hea exchanger in a direction perpendicular thereto an is then carried in opposite directions across the heat exchanger.
  • US-A-4715438 shows a heat exchanger 1 which comprises radially oriented on a spreader plate 2 first fins 5f3 (see Fig. 1) of a first length interspersed between second fins 5f1 of a second length. Fig. 2A shows that incomming air strikes the spreader plate 2 in a direction perpendicular thereto and is then dispersed outwardly passing between the fins in a direction parallel thereto.
  • Accordingly, there is a need for a cooling system for a semiconductor die carrier with imptoved heat dissipation characteristics.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • Accordingly, the present invention is directed to a cooling system for a semiconductor die carrier as defined in claim 1.
  • The cooling system preferably relies upon cool ambient air from the exterior of a computer enclosure to cool the semiconductor die.
  • The cooling system further preferably directs the cool ambient air from the exterior of a computer into a heat exchange relationship with the semiconductor die carrier.
  • Additional features and advantages of the invention will be set forth in the description which follows, and in part will be apparent from the description, or may be learned by practice of the invention. The objectives and other advantages of the invention will be realized and attained by the structure particularly pointed out in the written description and claims hereof as well as the appended drawings.
  • It is to be understood that both the general description above, and the following detailed description are exemplary and explanatory and are intended to provide further explanation of the invention as claimed.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
  • The accompanying drawings which are included to provide a further understanding of the invention and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the invention and together with the written description, serve to explain the principles of the invention. In the drawings:
  • Fig. 1 is an isometric view of a preferred embodiment of a heat exchanger in accordance with the present invention;
  • Fig. 2 is an isometric view of an alternate embodiment of a heat exchanger in accordance with the present invention;
  • Fig. 3 is a perspective view of a cooling system for a semiconductor die carrier in accordance with the present invention; and
  • Fig. 4 is an isometric view of a cooling system for a semiconductor die carrier in accordance with the present invention mounted within a computer enclosure.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
  • Reference will now be made in detail to the preferred embodiments of the present invention, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings.
  • In accordance with the objects of the present invention, the cooling system for a semiconductor die carrier includes a cooling fan disposed at a substantial distance from a semiconductor die carrier, a cooling duct including an inlet portion and an outlet portion, the cooling duct inlet portion attached to the cooling fan, an a heat exchanger disposed on an upper surface of the semiconductor die carrier, wherein the cooling duct outlet portion is disposed in close proximity to the heat exchanger such that the cooling fan draws ambient air into the cooling duct and the ambient air exits the cooling duct outlet portion and passes in a heat exchange relationship with the heat exchanger.
  • Fig. 1 shows an isometric view of a preferred embodiment of a heat exchanger 50 in accordance with the present invention. A heat exchanger according to the present invention includes a contact portion and heat dissipating extensions, wherein the contact portion is adapted to contact an upper surface of a semiconductor die carrier. For example, heat exchanger 50 includes contact portion 52 and first and second groups of fins 54 and 58 respectively. Contact portion 52 is adapted to be mounted to the top surface of a semiconductor die carrier.
  • A heat exchanger according to the present invention further includes a first and a second group of fins, the first group of fins oriented perpendicularly with respect to the second group of fins. For example, first group of fins 54 are mounted vertically, while second group of fins 58 are mounted horizontally. Furthermore, first group of fins 54 are separated from one another by an air gap so that cooling air may flow freely (along direction A) between the fins. Second group of fins 58 are similarly separated from one another by an air gap so that cooling air may flow freely (along direction A) between the fins.
  • In accordance with the present invention, each of the first group of fins includes first and second ends, the first ends of the first group of fins being disposed in a curvilinear array. For example, as is illustrated in Fig. 5, first group of fins 54 include first ends 56 and second ends 57. The first ends 56 are arranged in a curvilinear array, while the second ends 57 are also arranged in a curvilinear array. This arrangement facilitates a preferred cooling air flow pattern across heat exchanger 50. Heat exchanger 50 may be constructed of any appropriate heat conductive material. For example, heat exchanger 50 may be constructed of a metal. Preferably, heat exchanger 50 may be constructed of copper or aluminum.
  • Fig. 2 shows an isometric view of an alternate embodiment of a heat exchanger 60 in accordance with the present invention. Heat exchanger 60 includes contact portion 61 and first and second groups of fins 62 and 66 respectively. First group of fins 62 are mounted vertically, while second group of fins 66 are mounted horizontally. Furthermore, first group of fins 62 are separated from one another by an air gap so that cooling air may flow freely (along direction A) between the fins. Second group of fins 66 are similarly separated from one another by an air gap so that cooling air may flow freely (along direction A) between the fins.
  • In accordance with the present invention, the first group of fins include fins of a first length interspersed between fins of a second length, the first length being shorter than the second length. For example, as shown in Fig. 6, first group of fins 62 includes long fins 65 with short fins 64 interspersed therebetween.
  • Fig. 3 is a perspective view of a cooling system for a semiconductor die carrier in accordance with the present invention. Fig. 3 shows computer enclosure 700 which includes panels 702, 704, and 706. Printed circuit boards (PCBs) 708 and 710 are mounted within computer enclosure 700. Semiconductor die carriers 720 and 730 are mounted to PCB 710.
  • A cooling system for a semiconductor die carrier according to the present invention includes a cooling fan disposed at a substantial distance from a semiconductor die carrier, a cooling duct including an inlet portion and an outlet portion, the cooling duct inlet portion attached to the cooling fan, and a heat exchanger disposed on an upper surface of the semiconductor die carrier, wherein the cooling duct outlet portion is disposed in close proximity to the heat exchanger such that the cooling fan draws ambient air into the cooling duct and the ambient air exits the cooling duct outlet portion and passes in a heat exchange relationship with the heat exchanger. For example, as shown in Figs. 3 and 4, semiconductor die carrier cooling assembly 740 includes cooling fan 742, cooling duct 744, and heat exchanger 746. Preferably the cooling fan 742 of the present invention is mounted directly to an outer surface of a computer enclosure (outer surface not shown in Figs. 7 and 8 for clarity). However, the cooling fan may be located in numerous other positions/locations without departing from the scope or spirit of the invention in its broader aspects. Cooling duct 744 includes inlet portion 752 and outlet portion 754. Note that cooling duct inlet portion 752 has a greater cross sectional area than cooling duct outlet portion 754. Thus, optimal airflow characteristics are achieved in the cooling duct 744.
  • In operation, cooling fan 742 draws in ambient air through inlet 750. Cooling air then passes through inlet portion 752 of cooling duct 744 before exiting cooling duct 744 via outlet portion 754. Cooling air flows in direction A across the heat exchanger 746 and in between the fins of heat exchanger 746. Preferably, ambient air ( the phrase "ambient air" generally refers to cooling air which does not originate from within the computer enclosure) flows in a direction which is parallel to the upper surface of the semiconductor die carrier 730. Thus preferably, the axis of fan rotation is also parallel to the upper surface of the semiconductor die carrier 730. However, other appropriate spatial arrangements of the components may be made without departing from the scope or spirit of the invention in its broader aspects. Note that cooling fan 742 is disposed at a substantial distance from semiconductor die carrier 730, for optimal cooling air flow characteristics. A cooling system in accordance with the present invention allows the semiconductor die carrier to be cooled with cooler air (for example 25°C) from outside the computer enclosure rather than conventional systems in which the semiconductor die carrier is cooled with warmer air (for example 45° C) from within the computer enclosure.
  • It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various modifications and variations can be made in the cooling system for a semiconductor die carrier of the present invention without departing from the scope of the invention. Thus, it is intended that the present invention cover the modifications and variations of this invention provided they come within the scope of the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (13)

  1. A cooling system for a semiconductor die carrier (730) comprising:
    a cooling fan (742) disposed at a substantial distance from a semiconductor die carrier (730);
    a cooling duct (744) comprising an inlet portion (752) and an outlet portion (754), said inlet portion (752) having a first cross sectional area, said outlet portion (754) having a second cross-sectional area, said first cross-sectional area being greater than said second cross-sectional area, said cooling duct inlet portion (752) attached to said cooling fan; and
    a heat exchanger (50; 60; 746) disposed on an upper surface of the semiconductor die carrier (730), wherein said heat exchanger (50; 60; 746) comprises a plurality of fins (54; 58; 62; 66) that comprise a first group of fins (54; 62) aligned in a first direction (A) parallel to one another and to said upper surface of the semiconductor die carrier (730), characterized in that said cooling duct outlet portion (754) is disposed adjacent to an edge of said heat exchanger (50; 60; 746) such that ambient air drawn by said cooling fan (742) into said cooling duct (744) exits said cooling duct outlet portion (754) in said first direction (A) and passes along said heat exchanger (50; 60; 746) in said first direction (A) freely between said fins of said first group (54; 62).
  2. The cooling system of claim 1, whereby said plurality of fins (54; 58; 62; 66) also comprises a second group of parallel fins (58; 66) aligned along said first direction (A), said second group of fins (58; 66) being disposed perpendicularly to said first group of fins (54; 62).
  3. The cooling system of claim 1, wherein said cooling fan (742) comprises an axis of fan rotation, said axis of fan rotation being oriented parallel to said upper surface of the semiconductor die carrier (730).
  4. The cooling system of claim 1, wherein said cooling fan (742) is attached to an outer surface of a computer enclosure.
  5. The cooling system of claim 1, wherein said first and second cross sectional areas are rectangular in shape.
  6. The cooling system of claim 1, wherein said heat exchanger (50; 60; 746) further comprises a contact portion, said contact portion adapted to contact said upper surface of the semiconductor die carrier (730).
  7. The cooling system of claim 1, wherein each of said first group of fins comprises first (56) and second ends (57), the first ends (56) of said first group of fins being disposed in a curvilinear array.
  8. The cooling system of claim 7, wherein second ends (57) of said first group of fins are disposed in a curvilinear array.
  9. The cooling system of claim 1, wherein said first group of fins (54; 62) comprises fins (54; 64) of a first length interspersed between fins (54; 65) of a second length, said first length being shorter than said second length.
  10. The cooling system of claim 1, wherein said heat exchanger is formed from a metal.
  11. The cooling system of claim 10, wherein said heat exchanger (50; 60; 746) is formed from an alloy.
  12. The cooling system of claim 10, wherein said heat exchanger (50; 60; 746) is formed from aluminum.
  13. The cooling system of claim 10, wherein said heat exchanger (50; 60; 746) is formed from copper.
EP19980958566 1997-11-14 1998-11-13 Cooling system for semiconductor die carrier Expired - Fee Related EP1036491B1 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US08/970,503 US6031720A (en) 1997-11-14 1997-11-14 Cooling system for semiconductor die carrier
PCT/US1998/024251 WO1999026460A1 (en) 1997-11-14 1998-11-13 Cooling system for semiconductor die carrier
US970503 2001-10-03

Publications (3)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP1036491A1 EP1036491A1 (en) 2000-09-20
EP1036491A4 EP1036491A4 (en) 2001-05-16
EP1036491B1 true EP1036491B1 (en) 2004-06-23

Family

ID=25517044

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP19980958566 Expired - Fee Related EP1036491B1 (en) 1997-11-14 1998-11-13 Cooling system for semiconductor die carrier

Country Status (7)

Country Link
US (1) US6031720A (en)
EP (1) EP1036491B1 (en)
JP (1) JP2001523897A (en)
KR (1) KR20010024613A (en)
AU (1) AU1458399A (en)
DE (1) DE69824758D1 (en)
WO (1) WO1999026460A1 (en)

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US7064953B2 (en) * 2001-12-27 2006-06-20 Formfactor, Inc. Electronic package with direct cooling of active electronic components
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US6661665B2 (en) * 2002-03-11 2003-12-09 Sun Microsystems, Inc. Method and apparatus for removing heat from an electronic device
US6975509B2 (en) * 2002-05-16 2005-12-13 Sun Microsystems, Inc. Computing apparatus with cooling fan
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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JP2001523897A (en) 2001-11-27
WO1999026460A8 (en) 1999-07-01
US6031720A (en) 2000-02-29
EP1036491A1 (en) 2000-09-20
WO1999026460A1 (en) 1999-05-27
KR20010024613A (en) 2001-03-26
DE69824758D1 (en) 2004-07-29
EP1036491A4 (en) 2001-05-16
AU1458399A (en) 1999-06-07

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