EP1035286A2 - Safety locking, particularly for doors in built-in furniture for caravans - Google Patents

Safety locking, particularly for doors in built-in furniture for caravans Download PDF

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Publication number
EP1035286A2
EP1035286A2 EP00104094A EP00104094A EP1035286A2 EP 1035286 A2 EP1035286 A2 EP 1035286A2 EP 00104094 A EP00104094 A EP 00104094A EP 00104094 A EP00104094 A EP 00104094A EP 1035286 A2 EP1035286 A2 EP 1035286A2
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
bolt
head
cam
safety lock
recess
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
EP00104094A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP1035286A3 (en
Inventor
Manfred Lorek
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Dometic GmbH
Original Assignee
Electrolux Siegen GmbH
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE1999110564 priority Critical patent/DE19910564C2/en
Priority to DE19910564 priority
Application filed by Electrolux Siegen GmbH filed Critical Electrolux Siegen GmbH
Publication of EP1035286A2 publication Critical patent/EP1035286A2/en
Publication of EP1035286A3 publication Critical patent/EP1035286A3/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05CBOLTS OR FASTENING DEVICES FOR WINGS, SPECIALLY FOR DOORS OR WINDOWS
    • E05C19/00Other devices specially designed for securing wings, e.g. with suction cups
    • E05C19/02Automatic catches, i.e. released by pull or pressure on the wing
    • E05C19/022Released by pushing in the closing direction
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/08Bolts
    • Y10T292/0911Hooked end
    • Y10T292/0926Spring projected
    • Y10T292/0928Operating means
    • Y10T292/093Cam
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/08Bolts
    • Y10T292/0911Hooked end
    • Y10T292/0945Operating means
    • Y10T292/0948Closure
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/68Keepers
    • Y10T292/696With movable dog, catch or striker
    • Y10T292/702Pivoted or swinging

Abstract

The safety lock has an engagement part (2) on the door and a socket part on the fixture. The engagement part has a spring-loaded swivel bolt (5) which engages by a head part (8) in a recess of the socket part (4) between a boundary wall (10) of the recess (9) fixed on the housing and a cam (12) swivel mounted in the socket and having diametrically opposite end sections of which the free end remote from the head of the bolt interacts with a bolt member (15) on the engagement part so that the latter for conscious unlocking presses on the free end of the cam whereby the end of the cam contacting the head of the bolt can swivel the head of the bolt into the unlocking position.

Description

The invention relates to a safety lock according to the preamble of the claim 1.

With lockable fittings, especially in mobile homes, it has been shown that these can be exposed to great forces during the journey, heavy braking of the camping vehicle, due to bad road surface or not least are caused by an accident. Such forces, however, cause the doors the internals on the affected motorhomes can jump open and then the whole Cabinet contents fall out to the annoyance of the driver, or the vehicle occupants can injure in an accident.

There are already a large number of door locks and locks with which you can move from In principle, it is possible to lock or lock internals in motorhomes. Door locks have the disadvantage of using a for this application Key that you often lose in a camping life and then in front of a locked one Closet door stands or one forgets to lock it at all, so that the danger of a The corresponding door still opens in the event of a violent vibration.

Simple locks, on the other hand, can be released in the event of shocks or it will also forgot to insert them, which is therefore not a satisfactory solution.

This is where the invention, which is based on the task, employs a simple safety lock especially for locking fixtures in mobile homes to propose that with the closing e.g. a door locks itself automatically and then can be unlocked or opened again without a key and without much effort, whereby at the same time, it must be ensured that the locking mechanism is in the event of violent vibrations not unlocked by itself.

This object is achieved in a simple manner by the in the characterizing Features contained part of claim 1 solved, expedient further developments are characterized by the features of the respective subclaims.

The measure, e.g. to provide a hook-shaped bolt on the side of the door, which is pivotable against a spring force, and on the side of the door frame Arranging a recess fixed to the housing is advantageously achieved in that the Head part of the hook-shaped bolt when locked in the recess clockwise engages and engages the door when it is pushed or slammed is, closes automatically or is kept closed, without that some key is needed. It is of course also conceivable that the locking element on the piece of furniture, e.g. a refrigerator case, and the recess in the door is provided.

To open the door, in turn, a swivel is on one side of the door frame mounted cams provided with diametrically opposite end portions, of which the free end section facing away from the head part of the bolt with one on the door provided bolt member cooperates so that it is then for the desired unlocking presses on the free end portion of the cam and thereby the hook-shaped latch jumps back out of its snap-in position if you just push against the outside pushes the door. This is possible because the bolt member has the cam on its applied to the lower end portion and thereby the upper end portion of the cam Head part of the bolt through two sloping planes sliding on each other counterclockwise pivots into its unlocked position.

In a preferred embodiment of the safety interlock according to the invention provided between the door and the door frame at least one against a resilient Force compressible element to be provided in the locking direction can be compressed against its spring force and thereby on the hook-shaped Bolt in its locking position in the area of its rear engaging surface exerts a contact pressure.

In connection with a safety lock, e.g. in a refrigerator, can serve as a compressible element, the refrigerator door seal, with a complementary Sealing surface on the refrigerator housing interacts. For an easy one Cabinet door, on the other hand, it may be sufficient if one is a compressible element provides a stop bolt interacting with a compression spring.

Further details and advantages of the invention are explained and described in more detail below using an exemplary embodiment with reference to the accompanying drawing; show in it:

Fig. 1
a vertical section through a security lock according to the invention shown in the locked state using the example of a cabinet door, and
Fig. 2
the same vertical section of FIG. 1, but in the unlocked state of the safety lock.

In Fig. 1, a section of a cabinet door is shown on the left, on the Engagement part 2 of the safety lock according to the invention is attached, while on a section of a wall unit 3 can be seen on the right-hand side, on or in which a receiving part 4 the safety lock is attached. Both the engaging part 2 and the receiving part 4 are box-shaped.

In the engagement part 2 there is a hook-shaped latch 5 against a compression spring 6 at 7 pivoted. The bolt 5 has a head part 8, which in the locked state in a Recess 9 of the receiving part 4 is engaged behind in a clockwise direction, and that is between a snap-in boundary wall 10 of the housing Recess 9 and a pivotable in the receiving part 4 at 11 gleagered cams 12, which has diametrically opposite end sections 13 and 14.

The end section 13 acts in this way with a bolt member 15 provided on the engagement part 2 together that this for deliberate unlocking on the free end portion 13 of Cam 12 presses, namely when the user closes the closed cabinet door in the Presses the closed position, which is the second part with the head part 8 of the bolt 5 sloping planes 16 and 17 sliding on each other in contact with end section 14 of the cam 12, the head part 8 of the bolt 5 counterclockwise into its unlocked position (Fig. 2) pivoted.

It is useful to have at least one between the engaging part 2 and the receiving part 4 to provide a compressible element against a resilient force, whereby the Head part 8 of the hook-shaped bolt 5 with its rear engaging surface 20 against the Boundary wall 10 is pressed and thus the safety lock in its locked position is kept free of play, i.e. that this does not occur in the event of possible vibrations can rattle or be subjected to greater forces, e.g. in a car accident, don't jump up can.

A stop pin is a compressible element in the illustrated embodiment 18 provided which cooperates with a compression spring 19. This stop pin 18, which is arranged in the upper region of the receiving part 4, lies in the in Fig. 1 shown locking position with its free end, which with a spherical Rounding is formed on the engagement part 2 with spring force and thus presses the engaging surface 20 of the head part 8 on the boundary wall 10.

A similar function for a compressible element can also be a seal take over, as it is used for example in refrigerator doors. In this Case - not shown - the seal usually provided on the door acts with a complementary sealing surface on the cabinet housing together.

As shown in Figs. 1 and 2, the rear portion designated 21 is the hook-shaped head part 8 formed as a wedge, the longitudinal cross-section of a right-angled Triangle corresponds, of which the hypotenuse as an inclined sliding plane 17 for the Cam 12 is used.

Furthermore, it is advantageous if the one serving to snap the head part 8 of the bolt 5 into place Boundary wall 10 of the recess 9 in the inlet area designated 22 is bevelled.

So that the cam 12 can unlock the head part 8 in a simple manner, this corresponds upper end portion 14 in longitudinal cross section approximately that of an unequal leg Truncated pyramid, the top surface of the truncated pyramid in the unlocked state runs approximately flat to the upper edge of the boundary wall 10 fixed to the housing, such as can be seen clearly in FIG. 2. The shorter pyramid leg also forms the inclined plane 16, which cooperates with the corresponding inclined plane 17 of the head part 8.

With the cutting edge of the head part 8 of the bolt 5, the cam 12 can advantageously be in its different positions are moved, and that is why the top surface of the Cam 12 at the transition to the inclined plane 16 a strip-like transverse Approach 23 on.

Finally, the end section 13 of the cam 12 is in the longitudinal cross section as an acute angle Triangle formed and arranged such that in the locked state (Fig. 1) a catheter surface approximately parallel to the boundary wall 10 of the recess 9 of the receiving part 4 runs. This end portion 13 acts with the bolt member 15 to the intended Unlock the security lock together.

The following is the operation of the safety lock according to the invention explained with reference to the embodiment shown in the drawing.

The following situation is assumed: When the cabinet door is open with the engaging part 2, the hook-shaped bolt 5 is in a horizontal, relaxed position (not shown, however, it corresponds to a position as shown in FIG. 1) and the stop pin 18 is completely pushed out by the compression spring 19 (also not shown).

If the door is now moved by hand in the direction of the arrow shown in FIG. 2, it slides the cutting edge of the head part 8 onto the beveled inlet area 22 of the boundary wall 10, the latch 5 simultaneously moving against the force of the compression spring 6 and the stop pin 18 is slowly inserted against the compression spring 19. Exactly this situation is shown in Fig. 2.

With a further movement of the door in the direction of the arrow, the cutting edge of the Head part 8 the strip-like extension 23 of the cam 12 and pivots due to this Resistance the cam 12 clockwise around the pivot point 11 and snaps at the same time in the wedge-shaped space that is released between the boundary wall 10 and the inclined plane 16 of the cam 12.

This locking process is ended when the head part 8 with its rear engaging Section 21 or its rear engaging surface 20 completely on the boundary wall 10 is present, with the two inclined planes 16 of the cam 12 and 17 simultaneously of the head part 8 come to lie on one another. Furthermore, the bolt member 15 is then also its tip on the lower end portion 13 of the cam 12 to then at a desired Unlocking immediately to be able to transmit a compressive force on the cam 12. Finally, the stop bolt 18 is further against the compression spring during the closing process 19 has been pressed, so that the engaging surface 20 of the Riegls 8 against the boundary wall 10 is pressed. This locked situation is shown in Fig. 1.

If you want to unlock the safety lock again, all you have to do is open the door are pressed again in the direction of the arrow shown in FIG somewhat greater force is required, which is compared to that drawn somewhat larger in FIG. 1 Arrow should clarify. This is because when the bolt member is unlocked 15 must pivot the cam 12 counterclockwise so that the one another sliding inclined planes 16 and 17 the head part 8 of the bolt 5 against the compression spring 6 can push up until the cutting edge of the head part 8 over the strip-like approach 23 of the cam 12 snaps.

When the door is completely opened, the cutting edge of the head part 8 moves out the receiving part 4 out and slides towards the cam 12 clockwise on the upper surface of the cam 12 to the strip-like approach 23, with which the cam 12 then finally up to the stop against the boundary wall 10 is taken, as shown in Fig. 2. Then the cutting edge of the Head part 8 the approach 23 and the safety lock is completely open again.

The fact that a greater pressure force is required for unlocking than for locking has the great advantage that this benefits the safety aspect, because the safety lock should not jump up on its own, even in the event of violent vibrations, but rather stay closed.

Although the invention on an embodiment in the form of a cabinet door has been explained, but the safety lock according to the invention is also in others Built-in components can be used successfully, i.e. e.g. even in a parallel arrangement, like at a closet door.

Claims (10)

  1. Safety lock, in particular for doors of built-in parts in mobile homes. with an engaging part which can be fastened to the doors and a receiving part which can be fastened to the internals and which can interact with the engaging part in a locking manner, characterized in that it has a spring-loaded, pivotable bolt (5) in the engaging part (2) which is connected to a head part (8 ) engages in a recess in a recess (8) of the receiving part (4), namely between a boundary wall (10) of the recess (9) which is fixed to the housing and engages with a cam (12) pivotably mounted in the receiving part (4) with diametrically opposite End sections (13; 14), of which the free end section (13) facing away from the head part (8) of the bolt (5) can cooperate with a bolt member (15) provided on the engagement part (2) in such a way that it can be unlocked to the free one End portion (13) of the cam (12) presses, whereby the head part (8) of the bolt (5) in the manner of two sloping planes (1 6; 17) in contact end section (14) of the cam (12) can pivot the head part (8) of the bolt (5) into an unlocked position.
  2. Safety lock according to claim 1, characterized in that the bolt (5) is hook-shaped and can be pivoted clockwise into the locking position against a spring force (6).
  3. Safety lock according to claim 1, characterized in that between the engaging part (2) and the receiving part (4) there is at least one element (18) which can be compressed against a resilient force (19) and which can be compressed in the locking direction against its spring force and thereby on the hook-shaped bolt (5) exerts a contact pressure in its locking position in the region of its engaging surface (10).
  4. Safety lock according to claim 3, characterized in that the compressible element is a seal, in particular a door seal, which can cooperate with a complementary sealing surface.
  5. Safety lock according to claim 3, characterized in that the compressible element is designed as a stop bolt (18) which interacts with a compression spring (19).
  6. Safety lock according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the engaging portion (21) of the hook-shaped head part (8) of the bolt (5) is designed as a wedge, the longitudinal cross section of which corresponds to a right-angled triangle, of which the hypotenuse acts as an inclined sliding plane (17). serves for the cam (12).
  7. Safety lock according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the boundary wall (10) of the recess (9) in the recess (9) in the inlet area (22), which is fixed to the housing and serves to engage the head part (8) of the bolt (5), is chamfered.
  8. Safety lock according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the end section (14) of the cam (12) coming into contact with the head part (8) of the bolt (5) corresponds approximately in longitudinal cross-section to that of an uneven-legged truncated pyramid, the unlocked state of the The top surface of the truncated pyramid runs approximately flat to the upper edge of the boundary wall (10) of the recess (9) fixed to the housing and the preferably shorter pyramid leg lies within the inclined plane (16), which can interact with the corresponding inclined plane (17) of the head part (8) .
  9. Safety lock according to claim 8, characterized in that the top surface of the cam at the transition to the inclined plane (16) has a strip-like transverse extension (23) with which the cutting edge of the head part (8) of the bolt (5) rests the cam (12) can move to its different positions.
  10. Safety lock according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the end section (13) of the cam (12) cooperating with the bolt member (15) for the intended unlocking is formed in the longitudinal cross section as an acute-angled triangle and is arranged such that in the locked state a catheter surface approximately runs parallel to the boundary wall (10) of the recess (9) of the receiving part (4).
EP00104094A 1999-03-10 2000-02-28 Safety locking, particularly for doors in built-in furniture for caravans Withdrawn EP1035286A3 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE1999110564 DE19910564C2 (en) 1999-03-10 1999-03-10 Safety lock, in particular for doors in built-in areas of mobile homes
DE19910564 1999-03-10

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP1035286A2 true EP1035286A2 (en) 2000-09-13
EP1035286A3 EP1035286A3 (en) 2001-05-16

Family

ID=7900404

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP00104094A Withdrawn EP1035286A3 (en) 1999-03-10 2000-02-28 Safety locking, particularly for doors in built-in furniture for caravans

Country Status (3)

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US (1) US6357803B1 (en)
EP (1) EP1035286A3 (en)
DE (1) DE19910564C2 (en)

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DE29805358U1 (en) * 1998-03-25 1999-07-29 Ramsauer Snap lock for a sheet metal sliding door
US6659514B2 (en) * 2001-05-04 2003-12-09 Thyssen Elevator Capital Corp. Swinging elevator hatchway door interlock
US6871451B2 (en) * 2002-03-27 2005-03-29 Newell Operating Company Multipoint lock assembly
ITRM20030171U1 (en) * 2003-10-15 2005-04-16 Salice Arturo Spa Opening and closing device for the mobile.
US7404306B2 (en) * 2004-01-29 2008-07-29 Newell Operating Company Multi-point door lock and offset extension bolt assembly
US20070200370A1 (en) * 2006-01-20 2007-08-30 Reithmeyer Joseph G Gliding door latch assembly with anti-activation mechanism
US20070252058A1 (en) * 2006-03-27 2007-11-01 Martin Drumm Fastener for a transport container
CN101071018B (en) * 2006-05-12 2011-07-06 泰州乐金电子冷机有限公司 Refrigerator with mortise lock drink cabinet door
US7946080B2 (en) 2007-01-29 2011-05-24 Newell Operating Company Lock assembly
DE102008004937A1 (en) * 2008-01-18 2009-07-23 Dr. Ing. H.C. F. Porsche Aktiengesellschaft fastening device
US8418590B2 (en) * 2008-06-04 2013-04-16 Black & Decker Inc. Miter saws having locking assemblies for optimal positioning of cutting blades
US9260882B2 (en) 2009-03-12 2016-02-16 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Universal global latch system
IT1396335B1 (en) * 2009-09-23 2012-11-16 Estel S P A A device for opening / closing of a drawer.
DE102011015669A1 (en) * 2011-03-31 2012-10-04 Kiekert Ag Exhibitor for motor vehicle doors and flaps
DE102011051884A1 (en) * 2011-07-15 2013-01-17 Rahrbach Gmbh Closure for closing a door, in particular a device door
US9051758B2 (en) * 2013-07-19 2015-06-09 The Boeing Company Door snubber and strike plate
US10323442B2 (en) 2014-05-13 2019-06-18 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Electronic safe door unlatching operations
US9909344B2 (en) 2014-08-26 2018-03-06 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Keyless vehicle door latch system with powered backup unlock feature
AT516812B1 (en) * 2015-01-29 2019-11-15 Blum Gmbh Julius Drive device for a movable furniture part
US10227810B2 (en) 2016-08-03 2019-03-12 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Priority driven power side door open/close operations
US10087671B2 (en) * 2016-08-04 2018-10-02 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Powered driven door presenter for vehicle doors
US10458171B2 (en) 2016-09-19 2019-10-29 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Anti-pinch logic for door opening actuator
US10342335B1 (en) 2016-11-07 2019-07-09 Dometic Sweden Ab Shelf lock assembly
US9995066B1 (en) * 2017-01-13 2018-06-12 Inteva Products, Llc Vehicle door opening mechanism
US10604970B2 (en) 2017-05-04 2020-03-31 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Method to detect end-of-life in latches
US10633893B2 (en) * 2018-01-02 2020-04-28 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Door actuator with retraction device

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US1662255A (en) * 1926-10-20 1928-03-13 Thomas F Stuart Push catch for doors
US2115947A (en) * 1937-01-02 1938-05-03 Sears Roebuck & Co Cabinet latch
US2197195A (en) * 1938-03-02 1940-04-16 Schemers William Latch
DE823415C (en) * 1948-10-02 1951-12-03 Niederdrenk & Co K G By push button betaetigyter closure, in particular for Moebeltueren

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US1639878A (en) * 1926-06-04 1927-08-23 Bentrott Harry Latch
US2028954A (en) * 1934-10-10 1936-01-28 Grand Rapids Brass Co Latch
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Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1662255A (en) * 1926-10-20 1928-03-13 Thomas F Stuart Push catch for doors
US2115947A (en) * 1937-01-02 1938-05-03 Sears Roebuck & Co Cabinet latch
US2197195A (en) * 1938-03-02 1940-04-16 Schemers William Latch
DE823415C (en) * 1948-10-02 1951-12-03 Niederdrenk & Co K G By push button betaetigyter closure, in particular for Moebeltueren

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
EP1035286A3 (en) 2001-05-16
DE19910564C2 (en) 2003-06-26
US6357803B1 (en) 2002-03-19
DE19910564A1 (en) 2000-09-21

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