EP0991549A1 - Safety net system with load indicator - Google Patents

Safety net system with load indicator

Info

Publication number
EP0991549A1
EP0991549A1 EP19980942477 EP98942477A EP0991549A1 EP 0991549 A1 EP0991549 A1 EP 0991549A1 EP 19980942477 EP19980942477 EP 19980942477 EP 98942477 A EP98942477 A EP 98942477A EP 0991549 A1 EP0991549 A1 EP 0991549A1
Authority
EP
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
safety net
characterized
arrangement according
strut
net arrangement
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
EP19980942477
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP0991549B1 (en )
Inventor
Eduard Ament
Marina Ehrenberger
Holger Seel
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
BOS GmbH and Co KG
Original Assignee
Baumeister and Ostler GmbH and Co KG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R21/00Arrangements or fittings on vehicles for protecting or preventing injuries to occupants or pedestrians in case of accidents or other traffic risks
    • B60R21/02Occupant safety arrangements or fittings, e.g. crash pads
    • B60R21/06Safety nets, transparent sheets, curtains, or the like, e.g. between occupants and glass
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60NSEATS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLES; VEHICLE PASSENGER ACCOMMODATION NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60N2/00Seats specially adapted for vehicles
    • B60N2/24Seats specially adapted for vehicles for particular purposes or particular vehicles
    • B60N2/32Seats specially adapted for vehicles for particular purposes or particular vehicles convertible for other use
    • B60N2/36Seats specially adapted for vehicles for particular purposes or particular vehicles convertible for other use into a loading platform
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R21/00Arrangements or fittings on vehicles for protecting or preventing injuries to occupants or pedestrians in case of accidents or other traffic risks
    • B60R21/02Occupant safety arrangements or fittings, e.g. crash pads
    • B60R21/06Safety nets, transparent sheets, curtains, or the like, e.g. between occupants and glass
    • B60R2021/065Safety nets, transparent sheets, curtains, or the like, e.g. between occupants and glass comprising energy absorbing mounting means

Abstract

The invention relates to a safety net system comprising a load indicating device (25) which signals to the user that forces have acted on the safety net which may have caused preliminary damage. The load indicating device (25) interacts with the anchoring members (21) by means of which the front edge of the safety net is anchored in the vehicle. The load indicating device (25) makes use of the deformation of said anchoring elements (21) in such a way that any deformation of the anchoring elements (21) exceeding a certain threshold, irrespective of whether it is permanent or elastic, causes a signalling member (42) to break out of its resting position.

Description

Sieherneitsnetzanordnunq with debit

In station wagon also exists in an upright rear bench a continuous connection between the loading space and the passenger compartment. Rear-end imply the risk that items located in the loading space from being thrown into the passenger compartment through said opening and injure people there. To prevent this, safety net arrangements are used to close off this opening.

Similar conditions prevail in cars where the rear seat is folded down to get an enlarged cargo or trunk. Here, too, safety nets are used to protect all the people in the passenger compartment.

Even small collisions items from the cargo area with relatively great force can fly to the safety net may. Although the safety net may not have any readily recognizable damage, it is still pre-damaged by such an incident. These preliminary damage involves the risk of failure of the safety net at a later serious crash and the items from the cargo area can no longer be held back.

Proceeding from this, the object of the invention to provide a safety net arrangement in which signals after a crash, whether to be expected with a preliminary damage the safety net.

This object is achieved by a safety net arrangement having the features of claim 1.

In the new safety net arrangement, a load indicating device is provided which has two signal states. The signal state corresponds to the state of rest, which corresponds to the unloaded network. The other state the signal state, which occurs after the network has been loaded with a predetermined force above which the danger of pre-damage of the network can not be excluded.

Preferably, the change of the display load from the idle state to the signaling state is irreversible, so that the identification remains in place and can not be suppressed.

The accommodation of the load indicating device is advantageously carried out on a strut at which the safety net is to be anchored in the body. This results in clear spatial conditions and the risk of accidental damage is minimized. Moreover, the load indicating device is directly at each handling of the safety net in the field of view.

relatively simple, the load indicating device can be accommodated at one or both ends of the strut.

The load indicating device can be combined in a very simple manner with means to consume energy to form a unit. This energy consuming funds will absorb some of the kinetic energy of thrown into the network objects and transform it into heat, so as to protect the safety net to tearing at high loads, the safety net as a result of a strong rear-end collision.

For operating the load indicating device, the links can be used, which normally have the safety net is anchored in the body. Such anchoring elements are usually longitudinal displacement relative to the strut and they are to realize the load indicating device, in addition also draw a significant amount in the transverse direction, so in a radial direction relative to the strut, be ruled out. The buckling strength of the anchor members defines those marginal power from which the load indicating device is triggered, ie in their signaling changes status when.

The load indicating device advantageously comprises a signaling element that can be switched between a rest position and a signaling position and forth. When exceeding the critical load limit the signaling member enters the signaling state.

The signaling member is preferably retained flag-like pivotable so that it is clearly visible after triggering in the space and can not be inadvertently overlooked. Especially if the safety net will be posted the next time the user will fall later than the wegstehende signaling member in the eye and warn him that a replacement of the safety net arrangement is advised because of the risk of preliminary damage.

The signaling element may be hinged to the strut or on a sleeve, which belongs to the energy consuming means.

The strut is tubular in at least at one end and is located at least at this end a sleeve in which the anchor member longitudinally displaceable Lich sits. The sleeve is provided with a strut outer cross-section, on which the signaling member is pivotally mounted.

To actuate the signaling member, an actuating projection is provided on the signaling member, which projects into the interior of the sleeve and the anchoring member scans. Thus, no additional holes have to be attached to the strut, the actuator is preferably located near the outer end of the sleeve.

In the rest position of the signaling member is latched, the latching is irreversibly destroyed during the change in the signaling state. In order for the signaling link in the signaling also state clearly protruding, it is in the signaling position biased by a spring.

The actuator is designed such that it responds to a transverse movement of the anchoring member relative to the strut.

Moreover, further developments of the invention are subject matter of subclaims.

In the drawing, an embodiment of the object of the invention is shown. Show it:

Fig. 1, the plane defined between the roof of a motor vehicle and the backrest safety net, in a perspective view, with partially broken vehicle body

Fig. 2 shows an end of the attachment bar of the safety net according to Fig. 1, in a longitudinal section;

Fig. 3, the mounting strut of FIG. 2, in a front view, with cut anchoring member and partially broken away, and

Fig. 4, the mounting strut of FIG. 2, after the triggering of the signaling link.

Fig. 1 shows in a broken view of a rear region 1 of a combination cars. The tail region 1 is shown in perspective as seen from the broken-away left side rear window and has a roof 2, which is supported laterally by two C-columns. 3 Prior to the C-pillar 3 is located below the roof 2 and above a side wall 4, a rear side window 5, while a further rear side window 6 is disposed behind the C-pillar. 3 The arrangement of the side windows 5 and 6 is to think in mirror image on the left side of the rear area. Down the rear area 1 is completed by an essentially flat load floor. 7

Between the two rear side windows 5 is situated at the height of the C-pillar 3, a rear seat 8, the rear seat back 9 communicates with a rear side 11 is approximately between the two C-columns. 3

Between the lower edge of the roof 2 and the upper edge of the backrest 9 is an opening 12 through which a befindlicher front of the rear seat back 9 the passenger compartment is in communication with the cargo space located behind the rear region. 1

To prevent that are thrown during a crash objects out of the tail region 1 in the passenger compartment, the opening being closed by a safety net assembly 13 12th To the safety net assembly 13 includes a housing 14, a safety net 15, and attached to the safety net 15 tie rod or strut sixteenth

The housing 14 is an elongated, box-shaped housing which on its upper side with a over gesa - is provided passing through te outlet slot length 17th Inside the housing 14 in a known manner an unrecognizable winding shaft is rotatably mounted, which is biased in the sense of take-up of the safety net 15 by means of a spring motor. The housing 14 is detachably fastened to the back 11 of the rear seat back. 9

The safety net 15 is connected to one edge to the winding shaft and leads, starting from the winding shaft through the outlet slot 17 of the housing 14 out. The parallel to the winding shaft edge of the safety net is provided with a loop 18 which passes over the entire width of the approximately trapezoidal safety net 15th In the loop, the strut 16 inserted.

For completeness, is even mentioned at this point that the safety net 15 is reinforced at its two lateral edges by Border tapes 19th

From the pull rod or strut 16 are provided at both ends in front anchor members 21, carry the mushroom-shaped heads 22nd The mushroom-shaped heads 22 are inserted in the clamped safety net 15 in end-closed T-shaped grooves 23 of the receiving pockets 24th The receiving pockets 24 are located just below the roof lower edge. 2

Even with slight collisions, it may already happen that objects from the rear area 1 in the direction of being thrown on the passenger compartment. In this movement, they are caught by the clamped safety net 15 that can be pre-damaged possibly by this collecting process in not clearly recognizable manner, with the risk of a subsequent crash in which again flying objects from the load compartment to the safety net 15 to to fail. To prevent such a dangerous situation, the safety net assembly 13 is additionally provided with two load display devices 25 which are located at the two ends of the strut sixteenth The construction of the loading device 25 results from FIGS. 2 and 3, in which can be seen further that the load indicating device 25 is combined with means to form an assembly, which serve, in addition to a severe crash with very strong delays the convert kinetic energy of the flying into the safety net members 15 in deformation energy. Thus, the "braking distance" is simultaneously extended for the flying against the net 15 parts and the delay peaks get smaller values.

In FIGS. 2 and 3, the left end of the tie rod or strut 16 is illustrated example. The other end of this tie-rod 16 is a mirror image, and therefore the description given hereinafter also applies to the other end.

The strut 16 is formed by a metallic tube which has continuous cylindrical cross section and has a cylindrical inner space 26 which also extends over the entire length. Of the illustrated end into the interior space 26 a sleeve 27 made of plastic is inserted that includes a coaxial to the longitudinal axis of the strut 16 and bore 28 is externally substantially cylindrical.

The bore 28 is divided into two portions 29 and 31, wherein a steel ring is attached to the Übergangssstelle between the two portions 29 and 31 inserted 32 containing a coaxial to the bore 28 bore with a larger diameter, so that the plastics material of the sleeve 27 through the ring can pass 32 to 29 and 31 cohesively to connect the two sections together.

The sleeve 27 so inserted in the strut 16 such that its portion 29 facing the center of the strut sixteenth In this section 29 the bore 28 includes a straight continuous narrow groove 33 that starts from the ring 32 and extends to the end remote from the ring 32 end of the section 29th The bore 28 has slotted in the section 31 a diameter slightly larger, and also it is in the in Fig. 2 upwardly facing side at 34. This slot at 34 has a width approximately corresponding to the diameter of the bore 28 in the region 29 of the portion He starts at the ring 32 and extends to an end remote from the annular end face 32 35th

In the region of the end face 35 of the sleeve 27 forms a radially outwardly projecting collar 36 which abuts with its shoulder in the mounted state truncated at the end face of the strut sixteenth

At the outer collar 36, a lug-shaped extension is integrally formed 37 whose end 38 is toward the center of the strut sixteenth The end 38 is located in the clear distance from the ring 32nd

The extension 37 has a bottom surface 39, and which rests on the outside of the strut 16 is accordingly contoured part of a circle. The bottom 39 extends over a top surface 41 which is substantially planar. From the top 40, two lateral walls 41 go out on the extension 37, which can not be seen because of the sectional illustration in Fig. 2; in Fig. 3 one of the side walls 41 is visible. These walls extend from the collar 36 to the end 38 and defining together with the upper side 41 a rectangular cross-section groove. In this groove is in the idle state, a fähnchen- or flap-type signaling link 42. The signaling link 42 is connected at the end 38 by a hinge 43 to the extension 37th This hinge 43 may be a film hinge, if the signaling link 42 is connected to the extension 37 in one piece or it may be a hinge axle journals, which engage in corresponding wells, which in turn, depending on the situation, either in the side walls 41 of the extension 37 or the signaling member formed 42nd

The signaling link 42 has a cross sectional shape which is adapted to the cross-sectional shape of the groove on the upper surface 41 of the extension 37, so that a smooth upwardly facing surface between the side walls 41 of the extension 37 is obtained.

The signaling link 42 has a front end 44 which is located in front of the end face of the tube sixteenth At this front end of an actuating member is integrally formed in the form of an arm-like extension 45th This actuator 45 protrudes through an adapted opening 46 in the outer peripheral surface of the sleeve 27, and at a location that is directly in front of the end face of the strut sixteenth

As the figure reveals, 34 of the sleeve 27 projects beyond the actuating member 45 in the rest state in the gap or slot into it. The length of the actuator 45 results from the following functional description.

In blind bores 47 and 48 formed in the upper surface 41 of the extension 37 and the underside of the signaling element 42 is seated a compression spring 49 which biases the signaling member 42 in the direction of the extension 37 off. In order to hold the signaling element 42 against the action of the spring 49 on the upper surface 41, a detent 51 is provided which engages in a complementary recess 51 which is located in the radial extension of the shoulder of the collar 36 and the rear side thereof, and thus prior to the end face 44 of the signaling member 42nd

As mentioned above, the load indicating device 25 to implement a structural unit together with the means which are used in a crash the kinetic energy of thrown into the safety net 15 objects into deformation energy or heat. To achieve this, the anchor member 21 is provided with a cylindrical rod shaped shaft 53, which passes through the bore 28 of the sleeve 27th Its inner end 54 is thickened by crimping of laterally projecting ears or tabs 56th Further, another tab or an ear is crimped at a distance from the end 55 at 57, which projects into the groove 33 and cooperates with the groove 33 to prevent rotation, so that the shaft 53 can not rotate with respect to the strut sixteenth

The shank 53 of the anchoring member 21 is guided in the bore portion 29 with little play so that he can not create without deformation of the actuator 45th

Two more ears or tabs 58 of the sleeve are still within half crimped 27 shortly before its end on page 35. They serve as an abutment for a helical compression spring 59 which is supported at the other to the steel ring 32 and a shoulder located within this area, which represents the transition between the portion 31 of the bore 28 and the portion 29th With the aid of this spring 59 the anchor member 21 is biased in the of the strut 16 advanced position as long as applied to the inner back of the steel ring 32 until the lug is squeezed 57th

Outside the sleeve 27 of the shaft is angled at 61 53 and it carries at its outer free end of the above-mentioned mushroom head 22nd

To secure the sleeve 27 in the strut axially, is impressed in the assembled state in the strut 16 has a bead 65 which engages a in the outside of the sleeve 27 molded groove.

As far as the dimensions of the aforementioned components are clearly not been due to the local description, they result from the following description of the operation of the load indicating device 25th

In normal or idle state, the signaling links 42 existing at the two ends of the strut 16 load display devices 25 are flat and do not protrude beyond the side walls 41 of the extension 37 on. The handling of the safety net assembly 13 is, as usual, that is to delimit the loading space relative to the passenger compartment, the safety net 13 out of the outlet slot 17 pulled out on the strut 16 against the action of the spring motor, which acts on the winding shaft to such an extent until the two anchor members 21 with the mushroom heads 22 can be hooked into the receiving pockets 24th

When a thus-equipped vehicle head-on runs against an obstacle, caused deceleration forces, let the objects located in the cargo area fly forward against the safety net 15th In mild collisions with lower delays small forces occur.

When the forces is too small to that injury could occur, no bending of the shank 53 of the anchor members 21 occurs. The anchor members 21 are guided in the bore portion 29 so that they can apply to the actuating member 45 due to the occurring bending force with its outer end in the vicinity of the bend 61 is not. This extends at rest at a short distance to the circumferential surface of the shaft 53, in such a way that due to the necessary play, to the shaft 53 in the bore 28, has member no contact between parts of the anchorage 21 and the actuator 45 conclusion can ,

Delays that cause a contact between objects in the cargo space and the safety net 15 and are small enough not solve the load indicating device 25 from hence. However occur larger delay values, ie the articles pushing with greater force against the safety net 15 so great buckling and bending forces from the strut 16 over the portion 29 of the bore to be transmitted to the shaft 53 28 accordingly. These forces may be too small that they can address the energy consuming means and also not lead to a bending of the strut 16th Nevertheless, these forces can be so great that they pre-damage the textile safety net 15 in indiscernible. In order to detect this and to make the user visible, the load indicating device 25 is provided.

Since the shaft 53 is not performed in the area between the steel ring 32 and the end face 35 in the direction parallel to the occurring bending forces in the sleeve 27, because in this range, the bore 28 passes into the slot 34, the shaft 53 is, as shown in . 3 shows the other side of the steel ring 32 bend (the forces which are caused by the objects act, based on Fig. 2, top to bottom). Due to this deflection, which may be stable or elastic, the outside of the shaft 53 will bear against the free end of the actuator 45 and radially push away the actuator 45, relative to the shaft 53 at least with sufficient amplitude. The force occurring is so great that the locking nose 51 in the recess 52 can not prevent the movement and the locking recess 52, relative to Fig. 2, breaks away upwards.

Under the action of the biasing spring 59, the signaling element 42 from the position in which it lies parallel substantially to the strut 16, folded away, as shown in FIG. Reveals. 3 Characterized the user is signaled that the safety net 13 was damaged by the collision and a replacement is required. As is apparent from the description which specifies bending stiffness of the shank 53 determines the force acting on the safety net 15, above which the load indicating device is triggered 25th

At rear-end collisions with even greater deceleration effectively finally, the strut 16 is more or less strongly with bend and the force of pressing against the safety net 15 objects strives to pull the strut 16 from the shank 53 of the respective anchoring member 21st During this movement, the tab is initially sheared at the ring 32 57th Further movement causes the thickened end 55 of the shaft 53 enters the bore 28 and expands it. In this way, the kinetic energy into deformation energy of the sleeve 27 and the outside they bandaged strut 16 is implemented. This is shown in detail, for example, the Patent 43 36 380 for sale.

Thus, with this deformation, the sleeve 27 can not slip out of the strut 16 in the strut 16, the bead is embossed 50, which is located in front of that end face of the steel ring 32, which faces the outer end of the strut sixteenth Thus the pressing in of the bead 50 can not lead to a deformation of the bore 28, the sleeve 27 is provided at this point with a corresponding peripheral groove.

A safety net arrangement is provided with a load indicator to signal the user that have worked on the safety net forces that can potentially result in preliminary damage. The load indicating device interacts with the anchoring members with which the front edge of the safety net is to be anchored in the vehicle. For the load indicating device, the deformation of these anchoring members, use is made in such a way that a wegsprengt beyond a certain degree deformation of the anchoring members, regardless of whether permanently or elastically, a signaling member from its rest position.

Claims

Anspr├╝che
1. Safety net arrangement (13) for protecting the passenger compartment of cars gegenüber the loading space, which is in communication with the passenger compartment über a Öffnung (12)
To verschließen having an edge with a safety net (15), which is adapted in the clamped Öffnung (12) between the loading space and the passenger compartment,
with a fastening means (16,21) which is provided for connecting with body-side holding devices (24), and
acting with a least two Zust├ñnde having load indicating device (25) exceed in ├ £ a predetermined design on the safety net (15) power from the switches one state to the other state.
2. Safety net arrangement according to claim 1, characterized in that to the attachment device
(16.21) gehört at least one double ended strut (16) which is provided at an edge of the safety net (15), and that on the strut (16) includes two anchor members (21) are arranged for Unit ängen are provided in the body-side receiving means (24),
3. Safety net arrangement according to claim 1, characterized in that the load indicating device (25) is designed such that the change from the one state to the other state is irreversible.
4. Safety net arrangement according to claim 2, characterized in that the load indicating device (25) is arranged on the strut (16).
5. Safety net arrangement according to claim 2, characterized in that the load indicating device (25) at one end of the strut (16) is arranged.
6. Safety net arrangement according to claim 1, characterized in that at each end of the strut (16) has a load indicating device (25) is arranged.
7. Safety net arrangement according to claim 1, characterized in that it is provided with at least one energy consuming device (27,56).
8. Safety net arrangement according to claim 7, characterized in that the energy consuming device
(27,56) with the Belastungsanzeigeinrichtung (25) is united to form a unit.
9. Safety net arrangement according to claim 2, characterized in that at the Belastungsanzeigeinrichtung
(25) at least geh├╢rt an anchoring member (21).
10. Safety net arrangement according to claim 2, characterized in that at least one of the anchoring members (21) gegenüber of the strut (16) and längsverschieblich gegenüber of the strut (16) is limited transversely movable.
11. Safety net arrangement according to claim 1, characterized in that to the load indicating device (25) geh├╢rt a signaling member back and forth between two positions and herbewegliches (42) before the predetermined force ├╝berschreitenden load on the safety net (15) in which is one position and after the preset force of the ├ £ exceed in the other position changes.
12. Safety net arrangement according to claim 11, characterized in that the signaling member (42) is pivotable.
13. Safety net arrangement according to claim 11, characterized in that the signaling member (42) is biased in the other position.
14. Safety net arrangement according to Anspr├╝chen 2 and 11, characterized in that the signaling element (42) is mounted on the strut (16).
15. Safety net arrangement according to claim 14, characterized in that the strut (16) is at least rohrförmig at one end and that the load indicating device (25) having a mating end in the end Hülse (27) with a is strut (16) außen übergreifenden portion (37) provided, on which the signaling member (42) is mounted.
16. Safety net arrangement according to Anspr├╝chen 7 and 15, characterized in that the H├╝lse (27) forms a part of the energy consuming device.
17. Safety net arrangement according to claim 16, characterized in that the Hülse (27) has an extension trägt (36) connected to the signaling element (42) latched i st.
18. Safety net arrangement according to claim 17, characterized in that the catch is designed such that it is mechanically zerst├╢rt Ausl├╢sen when the signaling link (42).
19. Safety net arrangement according to claim 11, characterized in that the signaling member (42) is provided with a Betätigungsglied (45) which is adapted to a movement of the Abfühlen zugehörigen anchoring member (21).
20. Safety net arrangement according to claim 19, characterized in that the Betätigungsglied (45) is designed such that it responds to a transverse movement of the anchoring rungslglieds (21) relative to the strut (16).
EP19980942477 1997-07-04 1998-07-01 Safety net system with load indicator Expired - Lifetime EP0991549B1 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE19728587 1997-07-04
DE1997128587 DE19728587C1 (en) 1997-07-04 1997-07-04 Passenger -load space divider for motor vehicle
PCT/DE1998/001818 WO1999001316A1 (en) 1997-07-04 1998-07-01 Safety net system with load indicator

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0991549A1 true true EP0991549A1 (en) 2000-04-12
EP0991549B1 EP0991549B1 (en) 2002-03-20

Family

ID=7834634

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP19980942477 Expired - Lifetime EP0991549B1 (en) 1997-07-04 1998-07-01 Safety net system with load indicator

Country Status (5)

Country Link
US (1) US6183028B1 (en)
EP (1) EP0991549B1 (en)
DE (1) DE19728587C1 (en)
ES (1) ES2172191T3 (en)
WO (1) WO1999001316A1 (en)

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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
US6183028B1 (en) 2001-02-06 grant
WO1999001316A1 (en) 1999-01-14 application
EP0991549B1 (en) 2002-03-20 grant
DE19728587C1 (en) 1998-11-05 grant
ES2172191T3 (en) 2002-09-16 grant

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