EP0983407B1 - Prefabricated glass fiber reinforced concrete wallpanel - Google Patents

Prefabricated glass fiber reinforced concrete wallpanel Download PDF

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Publication number
EP0983407B1
EP0983407B1 EP19970946232 EP97946232A EP0983407B1 EP 0983407 B1 EP0983407 B1 EP 0983407B1 EP 19970946232 EP19970946232 EP 19970946232 EP 97946232 A EP97946232 A EP 97946232A EP 0983407 B1 EP0983407 B1 EP 0983407B1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
panel
fiber reinforced
glass fiber
steel
reinforced concrete
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
EP19970946232
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP0983407A1 (en
Inventor
Arif Dündar YETISENER
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
FIBROBETON YAPI ELEMANLARI SANAYII INSAAT VE TIC.
Original Assignee
Fibrobeton Yapi Elemanlari Sanayii Insaat Vetic Ltd Sti
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to TR97/00100A priority Critical patent/TR199700100A2/en
Priority to TR9700100 priority
Application filed by Fibrobeton Yapi Elemanlari Sanayii Insaat Vetic Ltd Sti filed Critical Fibrobeton Yapi Elemanlari Sanayii Insaat Vetic Ltd Sti
Priority to PCT/TR1997/000019 priority patent/WO1998035115A1/en
Publication of EP0983407A1 publication Critical patent/EP0983407A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP0983407B1 publication Critical patent/EP0983407B1/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/88Curtain walls
    • E04B2/90Curtain walls comprising panels directly attached to the structure
    • E04B2/94Concrete panels
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/26Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups
    • E04C2/284Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating
    • E04C2/288Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating composed of insulating material and concrete, stone or stone-like material

Description

DESCRIPTION OF INVENTION
The present invention relates to a self heat isolated, light and prefabricated glass fiber reinforced concrete (GRC) wallpanel and a method for producing same.
BACKGROUND OF INVENTION
In terms of the state of the art currently there are 4 types of prefabric wallpanel production methods:
  • a) Iron reinforced concrete panel: These panels have an sq/m weight of 400 kg, does not contain heat isolation and because of weight create problems while transportation and mounting.
  • b) Heat isolated concrete panel: obtained by putting 5 cm thick hard polystyrene foam sheet among 10 cm thick two panels and comprises same weight and mounting problems.
  • c) Sandwich system panel: These panels are obtained by covering all sides of Styropor foam blocks with Fiber reinforced cement. It can provide heat isolation and lightness but it is not possible to mount to concrete tabliers and creates problems as times pass by. For these reasons production is abandoned.
  • d) Fiber reinforced cement (GRC) lining plates: They are steel carcassed plates that have 12 mm section thickness and used to cover general columns, present walls and to provide forms on surface. Heat isolation is done by placing isolation plates behind them after mounting.
  • Document EP 0183526 discloses a building panel having an outer layer of fibre reinforced cement cast in a mould, with a mesh reinforcement arrangement embedded in the cement layer.
    Document WO A 9312303 describes a building panel comprising two parallel opposed spaced apart facing sheets made from fibre reinforced concrete and an intermediate core of light weight fomed concrete. A reinforcing bridging member is disposed fully within the foamed concrete core and is bonded to the facing sheets.
    Since there is strict rigidity in all types of these panels they do not have any movement freedom against building straps and building movements.
    In view of the above mentioned present state of the art, subject of this application is the solution of the known problems.
    Panels produced according to the present state of the art have a panel thickness of 20-25 cm in order to prevent cracks and breaking of iron mounting in the panel. In this case sq/m weight of the panel is about 400-450 kg. And this causes problems in transporting and mounting of large scale panels, also brings huge loads over building stude frame concrete. In our invention panel thickness does not exceed 10-15 cm and panel weight is about 90-100 kg. This enables easy transportation and mounting of the panel, weight load to building concrete decreases to minimum and amount of iron used in building stude frame concrete is decreased.
    In the panels produced according to the present state of the art there is a need for further heat isolation and this requires various isolation materials and a further process, labor use and extra cost.
    In our invention since cellular structure and air spaces in foam concrete function as an isolation material there is no need for further heat isolation process. Second advantage of heat isolation with foamconcrete is that since it is possible to produce concrete with requested densities while forming foam concrete, depending on the heat values of the area that the panel is to be used, panels having various isolation values of Lambda values 0.065 to 0.500 and K values 0.29 to 3.33.
    Panels produced according to the present state of the art can not contain forms other than some basic shapes, because iron reinforced concrete technology itself does not allow it. In our invention since GRC is a material that can be molded in any form, every kind of architectural design form can be given to the panels.
    Panels produced according to the present state of the art are heavy and rigid panels. They don't have the freedom of movement apart from building and the ability to accommodate to the movements such as building movements, ground movements and straps. Thus there are cracks and openings in joint gaps among the panel in the course of time. In our invention GRC shell which forms the outer side of panel is fixed to the panel steel stude frame with flexible anchorage rods and panel stude frame is suitable for being fixed to the building tabliers with anchorage plates. For this reason when transition of movements of the building to the panel body, flexible anchorage rods bend and the panel is not effected by movements of the building.
    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS
    In practice GRC panels can vary depending on the architectural plan and subject of the application is described in more detail by the enclosed drawings which are presented just to explain the invention and have no intention to limit the scope of the invention. They have the following characteristics which form the invention.
  • Figure 1) An outside view of a finished window spaced panel. On the front view there is shown (A-A) plan section and (B-B) plan section which are going to be shown in next figures.
  • Figure 2) Inner detail view of panel in vertical (A-A) section.
  • a - building tabliers
  • b - GRC shell
  • c - Omega sectioned steel stude frame
  • d - Flexible anchorage rods
  • e - Pads connecting flexible anchorage rods to GRC shell inner surface
  • f - Foam concrete filling
  • g - foam concrete equipment straw steel
  • h - anchorage plates in four comers of panel from which panel is going to be welded
  • i - brace clamp welded to anchorage plate
  • j - steel band screwed to building tabliers
  • k - Joint gap isolation material (Polysulphit)
  • m - brace clamp on which the above panel is going to be placed.
  • Figure 3) Inner detail view of panel in (B-B) vertical section:
  • a - building tabliers
  • b - GRC shell
  • c - Omega sectioned steel stude frame
  • d - Flexible anchorage rods
  • e - Pads connecting flexible anchorage rods to GRC shell inner surface
  • f - Foam concrete filling
  • g - foam concrete equipment straw steel
  • h - anchorage plates in four comers of panel from which panel is going to be welded
  • i - brace clamp welded to anchorage plate
  • j - steel band screwed to building tablier
  • k - Joint gap isolation material (Polysulphit)
  • m - brace clamp on which the above panel is going to be placed
  • Figure 4) Section of panels connection section to building tablier.
  • a - building tabliers
  • b - GRC shell
  • c - Omega sectioned steel stude frame
  • d - Flexible anchorage rods
  • e - Pads connecting flexible anchorage rods to GRC shell inner surface
  • f - Foam concrete filling
  • g - foam concrete equipment straw steel
  • h - anchorage plates in four comers of panel from which panel is going to be welded
  • i - brace clamp welded to anchorage plate
  • j - steel band screwed to building tablier
  • k - Joint gap isolation material (Polysulphit)
  • m - brace clamp on which the above panel is going to be placed
  • Figure 5) Flexible anchorage detail
  • c - Steel stude frame
  • d - Flexible rod
  • e - GRC pad
  • b - GRC shell
  • n - the part which is going to provide flexibility by inclinations
  • Figure 6) View of steel stude frame on which there is flexible anchorage rods and anchorage plates on 4 corners:
  • c - Omega sectioned steel stude frame
  • d - Flexible anchorage rods
  • h - steel plates by which stude frame is going to be connected to building tabliers.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF INVENTION:
    In GRC panel of the invention obtained by providing a composite product by joining two different elements which have different characteristics and use, advantages are obtained which are formed by joining characteristics of two elements and thus there is obtained novel self heat isolated, light and prefabricated GRC wallpanel.
    In known state of the art Fiber reinforced cement is a type of cement which is formed by alkali resistant glass fiber and has the strength of reinforced cement-sand mortar, can be molded and can be casted in section thickness of 10-12 mm. On the other hand, foam concrete is a type of air foamed concrete that is obtained by foaming a foamer liquid chemical by an air generator and mixing this foam with cement mortar. Because of the air bubbles contained it provides perfect heat isolation, moreover it is light.
    The present invention relates to a self heat isolated, light and prefabricated GRC wallpanel obtained by joining these two materials in a form of a panel and a method for producing this.
    10-12 mm thick GRC shell is formed (Figure 2,3-b) by spraying GRC mortar inside steel or glass fiber reinforced plastic (CTP) panel mold prepared according to the requested architectural form. Spraying of GRC mortar is done by concrete pump and spray guns built for this purpose.
    Steel stude frame (Figure 2,3-c) (Figure 6) designed to provide wind load, essential weight etc. mechanic characteristics is going to be placed inside the formed GRC shell. On this stude frame there is placed flexible anchorage rods with 50 cm distance from each other. Also there is provided steel anchorage plates (Figure 2,3-h)(Figure 6-h) on four comers of steel stude frame which are going to be fixed to steel straps on the building. Thus, it is displaced inside steel stude frame GRC shell (b) which both carries the GRC and also the panel by fixing to building tablier. After this process flexible anchorage rods are padded to steel stude frame by GRC mortar (Figure 2,3,4-e)(Figure 5-e). One end of these 6-10 mm section thick , 1-15 long flexible anchorage rods are fixed to steel stude frame and the other end is fixed to GRC shell. There is a 6-8 cm free section in between (Figure 5-c). This free section on the rod provides the flexibility. When there is a movement in the building and panel these flexible rods bend and prevent the movement from transmitting to the rigid section. As a result this causes the ground movements, building movements and tasmans from being transmitted to the panel.
    After placing flexible anchorage rods (Figure 6-d) and steel stude frame (Figure 6) containing mounting plates (Figure 6-h) into GRC shell and after each flexible anchorage rod is padded to GRC shell (Figure 2,3,4-e), a layer of straw steel is placed in order to function as a filling to the foam which will be poured into shell and prevent cracks and openings that may happen there, and is fixed from a few points to the steel stude frame (c). After this stage, panel is formed by putting foam concrete into GRC shell (Figure 2,3,5-f).
    Panel is sent to curing chamber together with its mold, is taken out of the mold after the curing period and sent to construction area where it is going to be mounted.

    Claims (11)

    1. Heat isolating, light and prefabricated wall panel comprising a glass fiber reinforced concrete shell (b), forming the outer side of the panel, an omega sectioned steel stud frame (c), suitable for being fixed to the Building tabliers with anchorage plates, placed inside said glass fiber reinforced concrete shell, and foamed concrete filling the shell, characterised in that said glass fiber reinforced concrete shell is fixed to said steel stud frame by means of flexible anchorage rods (d), wherein one end portion of said rods is fixed to said steel stud frame and the other end portion is fixed to said glass fiber reinforced concrete shell inner face by means of glass fiber reinforced concrete mortar pads and in which the portion between the ends is a free section that provides the flexibility.
    2. Self heat isolated wall panel according to claim 1, in which said flexible anchorage rods are L-shaped elements.
    3. Self heat isolated wall panel according to any preceding claims, in which said flexible anchorage rods are placed with 50 cm distance from each other.
    4. Self heat isolated wall panel according to claim 1, in which said anchorage plates are placed on four corners of said steel stud frame and in which said anchorage plates are fixed on steel straps on the building tablier.
    5. Self heat isolated wall panel according to claim 1, in which said foam concrete provides heat isolation.
    6. Self heat isolated wall panel according to any preceding claims, in which the isolation values vary in the range of Lambda values between 0,065 and 0,500 an K values between 0,029 and 3,33.
    7. Self heat isolated wall panel according to any preceding claims, in which layer of straw steel is placed on the steel stud frame as a filling of the foam concrete in order to prevent the possible cracks and openings on said foam concrete.
    8. Self heat isolated wall panel according to any preceding claims, in which the panel thickness is about 10-15 cm.
    9. Self heat isolated wall panel according to any preceding claims, in which the panel weight is 90-100 kg for each meter square.
    10. Self heat isolated wall panel according to any preceding claims, in which any kind of architectural design form is given to the panel.
    11. A method for producing a self heat isolated wall panel according to any preceding claims comprising the steps of:
      a) preparing a steel or glass fiber reinforced plastic panel mould with desiderate architectural forms and designs;
      b) spraying glass fiber reinforced concrete mortar into said panel mould and forming a 10-12 mm thick glass fiber reinforced concrete shell;
      c) placing inside the formed glass fiber reinforced concrete shell a steel stud frame designed to provide wind load, particular weight and mechanical characteristics;
      d) providing the steel stud frame with flexible anchorage rods with 50 cm distance from each other and providing the steel stud frame with anchorage plates on the four corners of the steel stude frame;
      e) Padding the flexible anchorage rods to the inner face of the glass fiber reinforced concrete shell by means of glass fiber reinforced concrete mortar pads;
      f) Placing a layer of straw steel on the steel stud frame;
      g) Filling into the glass fiber reinforced concrete shell the foam concrete as to form the panel;
      h) Sending the panel to the curing chamber inside the mould;
      i) Removing the panel from the mould.
    EP19970946232 1997-02-07 1997-11-03 Prefabricated glass fiber reinforced concrete wallpanel Expired - Lifetime EP0983407B1 (en)

    Priority Applications (3)

    Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
    TR97/00100A TR199700100A2 (en) 1997-02-07 1997-02-07 Self-insulating prefabricated fiber reinforced concrete (GRC) facade panel and the method for its production.
    TR9700100 1997-02-07
    PCT/TR1997/000019 WO1998035115A1 (en) 1997-02-07 1997-11-03 Prefabric fiber reinforced cement (grc) wallpanel

    Publications (2)

    Publication Number Publication Date
    EP0983407A1 EP0983407A1 (en) 2000-03-08
    EP0983407B1 true EP0983407B1 (en) 2004-10-06

    Family

    ID=21621070

    Family Applications (1)

    Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
    EP19970946232 Expired - Lifetime EP0983407B1 (en) 1997-02-07 1997-11-03 Prefabricated glass fiber reinforced concrete wallpanel

    Country Status (9)

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    EP (1) EP0983407B1 (en)
    JP (1) JP2001511227A (en)
    AU (1) AU5144598A (en)
    CA (1) CA2284074C (en)
    DE (1) DE69731124T2 (en)
    EA (1) EA000887B1 (en)
    ES (1) ES2225994T3 (en)
    TR (1) TR199700100A2 (en)
    WO (1) WO1998035115A1 (en)

    Families Citing this family (11)

    * Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
    Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
    EP1889984A3 (en) * 2006-08-10 2010-07-21 Refsan Refrakter Insaat Ve Insaat Malz.San.Ve Tic. Ltd.Sti. Facade panel comprising flexible stud frame connection configuration
    SE533326C2 (en) * 2008-08-28 2010-08-31 Epscement Internat Ab Building elements and method of building exterior walls with said elements
    SE533462C2 (en) * 2008-08-28 2010-10-05 Epscement Internat Ab Building elements and method of building buildings with said building elements
    GB2464483A (en) * 2008-10-15 2010-04-21 Ove Arup & Partners Internat L Facade system for buildings
    CN102900196A (en) * 2012-10-25 2013-01-30 新疆万通人蓝海科技有限公司 Compound light heat-preservation wall plate
    CN102936963B (en) * 2012-12-06 2016-03-16 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 A kind of GRC Components installation method and mounting structure thereof
    CZ2018587A3 (en) * 2018-10-29 2020-05-06 České vysoké učení technické v Praze Building envelope comprising peripheral panels with fasteners to a building structure
    CN109811911B (en) * 2019-03-14 2020-10-27 河北澳松建材科技有限公司 Assembled steel wire net rack insulation board
    CN109811912B (en) * 2019-03-14 2020-12-22 安徽南大星新材料科技有限公司 Steel wire net rack insulation board
    CN110439127A (en) * 2019-08-12 2019-11-12 仇国辉 Steel building inclined roof exempts from demoulding pour concrete package structure steel member antirust construction technique using component
    CN110439128A (en) * 2019-08-12 2019-11-12 仇国辉 Steel building exempts from demoulding pour concrete package structure girder steel antirust construction technique using girder steel

    Family Cites Families (2)

    * Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
    Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
    GB8429992D0 (en) * 1984-11-28 1985-01-09 Permanent Formwork Ltd Fibre reinforced cement
    AU3152593A (en) * 1991-12-18 1993-07-19 James Hardie & Coy Pty Limited Reinforced composite building panel

    Also Published As

    Publication number Publication date
    EP0983407A1 (en) 2000-03-08
    JP2001511227A (en) 2001-08-07
    EA199900721A1 (en) 2000-02-28
    CA2284074A1 (en) 1998-08-13
    DE69731124D1 (en) 2004-11-11
    ES2225994T3 (en) 2005-03-16
    TR199700100A2 (en) 1998-08-21
    AU5144598A (en) 1998-08-26
    DE69731124T2 (en) 2006-03-02
    CA2284074C (en) 2007-05-15
    EA000887B1 (en) 2000-06-26
    WO1998035115A1 (en) 1998-08-13

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