EP0964157A1 - Well pump with integrated pressure switch - Google Patents

Well pump with integrated pressure switch Download PDF

Info

Publication number
EP0964157A1
EP0964157A1 EP19990830358 EP99830358A EP0964157A1 EP 0964157 A1 EP0964157 A1 EP 0964157A1 EP 19990830358 EP19990830358 EP 19990830358 EP 99830358 A EP99830358 A EP 99830358A EP 0964157 A1 EP0964157 A1 EP 0964157A1
Authority
EP
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
pump
motor
tap
water
pipe
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
EP19990830358
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Inventor
Gino Fioretti
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Officine Di Trevi Di Fioretti Gino & C - Sas
Trevi Di Fioretti Gino & C S A
Original Assignee
Officine Di Trevi Di Fioretti Gino & C - Sas
Trevi Di Fioretti Gino & C S A
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04DNON-POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04D15/00Control, e.g. regulation, of pumps, pumping installations or systems
    • F04D15/02Stopping of pumps, or operating valves, on occurrence of unwanted conditions
    • F04D15/0209Stopping of pumps, or operating valves, on occurrence of unwanted conditions responsive to a condition of the working fluid
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B49/00Control, e.g. of pump delivery, or pump pressure of, or safety measures for, machines, pumps, or pumping installations, not otherwise provided for, or of interest apart from, groups F04B1/00 - F04B47/00
    • F04B49/02Stopping, starting, unloading or idling control
    • F04B49/022Stopping, starting, unloading or idling control by means of pressure
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B2205/00Fluid parameters
    • F04B2205/05Pressure after the pump outlet

Abstract

The present invention relates to a canned motor pump internally equipped with a pressure sensor capable of detecting the water pressure at the mouth of the external delivery pipe; it being provided that the pressure sensor is connected to a special electric circuit that enables it to activate or deactivate the motor of the electric pump when the water pressure reaches the set minimum or maximum value, respectively.

Description

  • The present patent application relates to a canned motor pump used to extract water from wells, capable of switching off automatically and immediately when the water tap is turned off and switching on automatically when the water tap is turned on.
  • The canned motor pump according to the present invention has been designed to overcome the serious drawback of the currently available canned motor pumps represented by their manual operation.
  • The advantages of the pump according to the present invention will become evident from a brief description of the state of the art.
  • Traditional canned motor pumps used to extract water from wells feature a rather elongated cylindrical structure provided with a top cap used to hook the cable that holds the pump inside the well and insert the power electric cable and the water delivery pipe.
  • At present, the controls used to switch on the pump and supply water are located on the surface and consist of a switch connected to the electric power supply cable and of a tap connected to the water delivery pipe, respectively.
  • In this way, in order to start the water supply, the user needs to activate the pump motor with the switch and then open the tap located at the end of the water delivery pipe. On the other hand, in order to stop the water supply, it is necessary to switch off the pump motor with the switch and then close the tap.
  • The big drawback of traditional pumps is represented by the fact that, in order to stop the water supply, the user only turns off the tap. As a matter of fact, since the water supply stops when the tap is turned off, most of the times the user forgets to switch off the pump motor.
  • In this unfortunate event, the pump continues to operate without supplying water and this will soon cause permanent damage to the motor.
  • It must be said that expedients were designed long time ago in order to avoid the above-mentioned damage of the motor in canned motor pumps. All these expedients are based on the automatic stall of the motor when the pressure of the water supply exceeds the set value. In particular, this value is reached when the pump continues to operate even if the tap is turned off.
  • To this purpose a tank with a pressure switch is sometimes installed on the surface, along the delivery pipe just before the tap and outside the well. In particular, apart from stopping the pump, the tank is also capable of accumulating a certain volume of water at the top of the tap.
  • At this regard, it is important to note that all the automatic stop devices of canned motor pumps are characterized by the fact that they are located on the surface and physically separated from the pump.
  • Generally, the automatic stop devices are mounted after the installation of the pumps and they often require the intervention of skilled installers, as in the case of tanks.
  • The purpose of the present invention is to create a canned motor pump capable of switching on and off automatically and immediately when the tap is opened and closed, respectively. It is important to note that the pump according to the present invention is capable of switching on and off automatically without using additional separate devices.
  • As a matter of fact, the main peculiarity of the pump according to the present invention is represented by the fact that all the components that are necessary to automatically switch on and off the pump are contained in the pump structure and available for the user from the moment he purchases the pump.
  • This means that the pump according to the present invention is not only capable to gLiarantee the integrity of the electric motor, but also to avoid all the difficulties and costs necessary today to install tanks or similar devices on the surface in order to automatically stop the operation of the pump motor, according to the description above.
  • In practice, the pump according to the present invention is capable of stopping automatically and immediately when the water pressure in the delivery water pipe exceeds the set value (as it happens when the tap is closed and the pump motor is still operating), and starting up again automatically when the water pressure drops below the second threshold (as it happens when the tap is re-opened).
  • For major clarity the description of the invention continues with reference to the enclosed drawings, which are intended for purposes of illustration and not in a limiting sense, whereby:
    • Figure 1 is a schematic drawing that shows the canned motor pump according to the present invention in operating condition;
    • Figure 2 is an enlarged view of the pump with the top cap partially removed in order to show the internal parts in a schematic view;
    • Figure 3 is the diagram of the electric circuit connected to the pump motor according to the present invention.
  • With reference to the above mentioned figures, the pump (1) according to the present invention usually features an elongated cylindrical structure which houses the electric motor (2) in its lower end. A cap (1a) is located at the top of the pump, on which the connections for the riser pipe (3) and the electrical cable (4) are located, as well as an eyebolt (5) for the supporting rope.
  • Inside the cap (1a) a non-return valve (7) is installed in intermediate position between the connection point of the external vertical riser pipe (3) and the internal delivery water conduit (6). Thanks to the valve action, the water remains inside the riser pipe (3) between the body of the pump (1) and the water tap (3a) even when the pump motor is not working.
  • In the same cap (1a) a pressure sensor (8) that communicates through a small pipe (8a) with the mouth of the external riser pipe (3) is mounted immediately below the non-return valve (7). In this way the pressure sensor (8) is capable of detecting the water pressure in the mouth of the external riser pipe (3).
  • As a matter of fact, the sensor (8) is responsible for the activation and deactivation of the motor of the pump (1), since it determines the deactivation of the electric motor when a set (high) water pressure value is detected inside the riser pipe (3). At the same time, it is responsible for the reactivation of the pump motor when a set (low) pressure threshold is detected inside the riser pipe (3).
  • The first condition - that is a high pressure value in the riser pipe (3) - is determined when the tap (3a) is closed by the user, but the motor of the pump (1) is still operating. The second condition - that is a low pressure value in the riser pipe (3) - is determined when the tap (3a) is re-opened and the motor of the pump (1) is in stall.
  • In other words, when the user opens the tap (3a) on the surface, the motor (2) of the pump (1) is switched on automatically and immediately, while when the tap (3a) is closed, the motor (2) of the pump is switched off automatically and immediately.
  • Moreover, it must be said that the pressure sensor (7) features two logical states (on-off) that alternate when the water in the riser pipe (3) reaches the set minimum or maximum pressure value.
  • The two logical states are part of an electric circuit (shown in figure 3) capable of switching on the pump when the tap is opened (with the low pressure threshold detected by the sensor) or switching off the pump when the tap is closed (with the high pressure threshold detected by the sensor).
  • In practice, the sensor is capable of switching on and off a relay (9) that is an integral part of the electric circuit and is responsible for directly controlling the switching on and off of the motor (2) of the pump (1). The electric circuit is also equipped with a float switch (10) used to permanently cut out the motor (2), regardless of the fact that the tap (3a) is opened or closed.
  • The float switch can be very useful when the pump remains unattended for a long time to avoid its accidental switching on, due to the accidental opening of the tap by unauthorized personnel.
  • The components of the electric circuit of the motor (2) are housed inside the pump (1) next to the pressure sensor (8).
  • The same location can also be used to install electronic boards (possibly with microprocessor) to switch on and off the pump in a more articulated way, according to the specific requirements or needs.

Claims (1)

  1. Canned motor pump, of the type provided with an elongated cylindrical structure, equipped with an electric motor (2) in the lower part and a cap (la) in the upper part, which houses the connections for an external riser pipe (3) equipped with a tap (3a) on the surface and for an electric cable (4) equipped with a switch (10) on the surface, characterized by the fact that a non-return valve (7) is located inside the cap (la) in intermediate position between the internal water delivery pipe (6) and the mouth of the external riser pipe (3) which communicates through a small pipe (8a) with a pressure sensor (8) housed inside the cap (1a); it being provided that the sensor (8) is capable of switching on or off the motor (2) of the pump (1) by means of a relay (9) connected in an electric circuit, when the minimum or maximum pressure values are detected at the mouth of the riser pipe (3).
EP19990830358 1998-06-12 1999-06-10 Well pump with integrated pressure switch Withdrawn EP0964157A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
ITMC980026U 1998-06-12
ITMC980026 1998-06-12

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0964157A1 true true EP0964157A1 (en) 1999-12-15

Family

ID=11357503

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP19990830358 Withdrawn EP0964157A1 (en) 1998-06-12 1999-06-10 Well pump with integrated pressure switch

Country Status (1)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0964157A1 (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2506280A (en) * 2008-11-17 2014-03-26 Salamander Pumped Shower Systems Ltd Pumping apparatus with printed circuit and switching device
WO2015022010A1 (en) * 2013-08-12 2015-02-19 Alfred Kärcher Gmbh & Co. Kg Liquid pump assembly

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3865512A (en) * 1973-11-19 1975-02-11 Weil Mclain Co Inc Control apparatus for a water supply system
EP0233554A2 (en) * 1986-02-08 1987-08-26 Bomin Solar GmbH & Co KG Arrangement for building up the withdrawal pressure in a water supply system
US5281101A (en) * 1992-07-01 1994-01-25 Mcneil (Ohio) Corporation Water supply system and method of operation thereof
US5518371A (en) * 1994-06-20 1996-05-21 Wells, Inc. Automatic fluid pressure maintaining system from a well

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3865512A (en) * 1973-11-19 1975-02-11 Weil Mclain Co Inc Control apparatus for a water supply system
EP0233554A2 (en) * 1986-02-08 1987-08-26 Bomin Solar GmbH & Co KG Arrangement for building up the withdrawal pressure in a water supply system
US5281101A (en) * 1992-07-01 1994-01-25 Mcneil (Ohio) Corporation Water supply system and method of operation thereof
US5518371A (en) * 1994-06-20 1996-05-21 Wells, Inc. Automatic fluid pressure maintaining system from a well

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2506280A (en) * 2008-11-17 2014-03-26 Salamander Pumped Shower Systems Ltd Pumping apparatus with printed circuit and switching device
GB2506280B (en) * 2008-11-17 2014-07-30 Salamander Pumped Shower Systems Ltd Improvements in pumping apparatus
WO2015022010A1 (en) * 2013-08-12 2015-02-19 Alfred Kärcher Gmbh & Co. Kg Liquid pump assembly

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US5584316A (en) Hydrothermal stabilizer and expansion tank system
US4087204A (en) Enclosed sump pump
US5538160A (en) Postmix beverage dispenser with water boost
US4417598A (en) Pneumatic valve
US6676831B2 (en) Modular integrated multifunction pool safety controller (MIMPSC)
US4822213A (en) Narrow accessway sewage collection tank assembly, remote operated quick connect-disconnect coupling and system using the same
US5439180A (en) Readily installed universal sewage grinder pump
US6643853B2 (en) Automatically operated handle-type flush valve
US5135359A (en) Emergency light and sump pump operating device for dwelling
US20050226731A1 (en) Controller for a motor and a method of controlling the motor
US20060127227A1 (en) Controller for a motor and a method of controlling the motor
US4529359A (en) Sewerage pumping means for lift station
US7066197B1 (en) Supplying water to a reticulation system from different sources
US5790991A (en) Apparatus for automatically regulating water level in a swimming pool
US6397502B1 (en) Safety structure of steam ironing machine
US2488506A (en) Hydrostatic control for pumps
US4933996A (en) Toilet deodorizer
US5244351A (en) System for protecting a liquid pump
US6783665B1 (en) Unit for automatically bleeding off the water which separates in a vehicle fuel filter, in particular for diesel engines
US5299713A (en) Automatic liquid soap supply device
US20030196258A1 (en) Automatic toilet bowl overflow prevention device
US4034422A (en) Device for disposal of materials, particularly of household and kitchen waste
GB2161501A (en) Household water-conducting installation
US5803111A (en) Device for purging water supply line
GB2224777A (en) Apparatus for pumping liquids from containers

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AK Designated contracting states:

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): DE DK ES FR IT NL PT

AX Extension or validation of the european patent to

Free format text: AL;LT;LV;MK;RO;SI

AKX Payment of designation fees

Free format text: AT BE CH CY DE DK ES LI

17P Request for examination filed

Effective date: 20000601

RBV Designated contracting states (correction):

Designated state(s): DE DK ES FR IT NL PT

17Q First examination report

Effective date: 20040127

18D Deemed to be withdrawn

Effective date: 20040608