EP0843043A1 - Tangential grinding machine - Google Patents

Tangential grinding machine Download PDF

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Publication number
EP0843043A1
EP0843043A1 EP19970119385 EP97119385A EP0843043A1 EP 0843043 A1 EP0843043 A1 EP 0843043A1 EP 19970119385 EP19970119385 EP 19970119385 EP 97119385 A EP97119385 A EP 97119385A EP 0843043 A1 EP0843043 A1 EP 0843043A1
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EP
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Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
grinding
rail
frame
machine
wheel
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
EP19970119385
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP0843043B1 (en )
Inventor
Tiziano Mason
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
FAMA S.R.L.
Original Assignee
FAMA S.R.L.
MECNO S R L
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01BPERMANENT WAY; PERMANENT-WAY TOOLS; MACHINES FOR MAKING RAILWAYS OF ALL KINDS
    • E01B31/00Working rails, sleepers, baseplates, or the like, in or on the line; Machines, tools, or auxiliary devices specially designed therefor
    • E01B31/02Working rail or other metal track components on the spot
    • E01B31/12Removing metal from rails, rail joints, or baseplates, e.g. for deburring welds, reconditioning worn rails
    • E01B31/17Removing metal from rails, rail joints, or baseplates, e.g. for deburring welds, reconditioning worn rails by grinding

Abstract

A tangential grinding machine slidable on rails to be ground and comprising at least one support frame (9) for at least two tangential grinding wheels (42) for grinding a rail (6), wherein the two grinding wheels can traverse axially on opposite sides of the centre line of the rail to be ground and be inclined inwards with reference to the direction of advancement along the rail, each grinding wheel having its axis of rotation non-parallel with the rail rolling surface, said frame being substantially rockable about a transverse axis extending between the grinding wheel axes.

Description

This invention relates to a tangential grinding machine.

Tangential grinding machines are known comprising a grinding device consisting essentially of a grinding wheel of abrasive material which when rotated removes by abrasion a part of the material with which it comes into contact.

These known machines, ie the assembly comprising the grinding device with its abrasive tools, the rotational drive members, its adjustment and replacement systems, and all the accessories which ensure their correct operation, currently possess a series of limits and drawbacks which it is the purpose of the present invention to eliminate.

One of these drawbacks derives from the fact that each grinding device consists generally of a disc of abrasive material, or grinding wheel, built to operate with its circumferential edge.

As this abrasive disc wears with time, and hence its working circumference decreases, its axis of rotation has to be shifted in relation to the workpiece to be ground, in order to ensure mutual contact. In all cases a complex adjustment and control system is required and which in any event does not eliminate all the problems related to vibration and oscillation of the grinding wheel.

A further drawback of a tangential grinding wheel is the fact that to reprofile a rail a system with a negative contour is required, such a system being of high cost.

In the case of grinding machines used specifically to restore the profile of railway, tramway and/or subway rails, another drawback is that known grinding machines for rails generally use "cup" grinding wheels, which operate on a narrow longitudinal band of the rail to be ground. The result is that many such grinding wheels are required, and as they are mounted on trucks a large number of these must be available to operate on adjacent bands totally covering the entire profile of the rail. An excessive and often unacceptable overall size is involved, together with imperfect execution of the work because of the inevitable faceting presented by the rails on termination of the work. In addition, those cup wheels which operate on the rail lateral surface are hindered by the presence of natural obstacles such as points, guide and containing blades at the points and, in the particular case of tram-rails, the cement and asphalt plus the actual rail counterblade.

A further drawback is that cup-type grinding wheels generally have to work on both rails simultaneously for mass balancing reasons. This makes it more difficult to carry out grinding work on a single rail, such as the central earth rail or the outer live lateral rail for subway trains.

According to the invention all these drawbacks are eliminated through a grinding machine as described in claim 1.

The present invention is further clarified with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:

Figure 1
is a schematic side view of a grinding machine according to the invention;
Figure 2
is an enlarged detailed view of the grinding framework;
Figure 3
is a view thereof on the line III-III of Figure 2;
Figure 4
is a plan view thereof; and
Figure 5
is a partial view of the grinding frame with worn grinding wheels.

As can be seen from the figures, the machine according to the invention comprises a base frame 2 mounted on four wheels 4 which run on the rails 6 to be ground. On said base frame there are mounted two grinding units 8 provided with cylindrical rollers 10 slidable along the machines 12 of the base frame 2. The grinding units 8 are movable transversely to the base frame 2 driven by hydraulic systems 14 (only one system is shown on the figures).

Each grinding unit 8 comprises a frame 9 formed from two parallel longitudinal members 16 joined together by cross-members 18, at the junctions between the longitudinal members and cross-members there being provided four uprights 20 for stiffening the frame.

The uppor ends of the uprights are connected together by beams 22 provided with two guide arms 24 which engage in the uprights 26 of the grinding unit 8. In the same manner at the middle point of the longitudinal members 16 there is provided a further pair of arms 24' parallel to the aforesaid to enable the frame 9 to be moved vertically in a rigid manner relative to the grinding unit 8.

Said vertical movement is achieved by means of a plurality of pneumatic systems 28 fixed to the grinding unit 8 and having their rods rigid with the frame 9. The force required at any given time for the various operations can be set by a pressure regulator (not shown on the drawings).

In its central portion the frame 9 comprises a pair of bushes 30 in which there engage two pins 31 oppositely projecting from the longitudinal edges of a rocking platform 32. The rocking platform consists of a rectangular frame 34 to which there are hinged, on a longitudinal side, two plates 36 which can be spaced apart at the other longitudinal side by a screw mechanism 35. The plates 36 are hinged to the rectangular frame 34 on different sides.

Each plate 36 is fixed to a corresponding flange 38 provided with brackets 40 for securing an abrasive grinding wheel 42. Each flange 38 can be adjusted by axial rotation relative to the overlying plate 36 and can be locked relative to it by bolts which engage in a plurality of corresponding holes 44. Each grinding wheel 42 can be rotatably driven by a pulley 46 rigid with the shaft of a corresponding electric motor 48 mounted on the flange 38.

Each flange 38 is also provided with pairs of slotted holes 49 to enable it to be shifted outwards relative to the overlying plate so that the two grinding wheels 42 are not longitudinally aligned with each other, but are positioned on opposite sides of the centre line of the rail 6 to be ground.

Because of the possibility to incline the plates 36 to the frame 34 each grinding wheel 42 has its axis of rotation non-parallel with the rolling surface of the track, and because of the facility for axially rotating the flange 38 relative to the plate 36 the two grinding wheels 42 can be inclined inwards relative to the direction of advancement along the rail.

On varying the inclination of the plate 36 to the frame 32, the angle between the grinding wheel axis and the horizontal plane of the rail (inclination) varies, and on varying the position of the flange 38 to the plate 36, the angle between the grinding wheel axis and the rail axis (convergence) varies.

The machine of the invention also uses a plurality of reference sensors for the rail position, which activate the various controls for effecting the grinding cycle.

To operate the machine, it has firstly to be transferred to the site on which the rail to be ground is located. This transfer is preferably done by a locomotive 50, which can also be provided with an electrical generator unit 52 for remotely powering the grinding machine, especially if the railway line is not electrified or if the power supply has been temporarily switched off for maintenance reasons.

The horizontal cylinder-piston units 14 are then operated to transversely move the units 8 until the sensors sense the position of the rail 6 and halt the travel of the frame 9. At this point the frame is lowered by the pneumatic system 28 such that the grinding wheels 42 make contact with the rail head 53. During this operation the frame descends substantially rigidly as the arms 24, 24' are guided within the uprights 26.

The motors 48 are then operated to rotate the grinding wheels, which perform their abrasive action with a working pressure suitably regulated by the aforesaid pressure reducers. It should be noted that the particular grinding wheel arrangement (inclination, convergence and shift with respect to the rail) means that the grinding wheels wear down in accordance with a certain profile (shown in Figure 5), which is independent of the worn shape of the rail. Consequently by combining several grinding wheel profiles the rail can be restored to its original profile.

This means that having identified the correct profile for the grinding wheel, the rail can be restored by using grinding wheels in which the profile is defined at the grinding wheel preparation stage by setting it at a particular inclination, convergence and shift with respect to the rail.

If the profile still does not correspond exactly to requirements it is sufficient merely to vary the inclination of the plate 36 to the frame 32 and to vary the angular position of the flanges 38 relative to the plates, in order to correspondingly vary the grinding wheel inclination and convergence with respect to the rail.

The flange 38 can also be shifted relative to the plate 36 to vary the position of the grinding wheel centre line about the rail axis.

Because of the rocking configuration of the frame 32 the grinding wheels are always in contact with the rail head even if its plane is irregular, so effectively eliminating all vibration. To increase system stability two pneumatic units 54 are provided connected between the grinding wheel support frame 32 and the frame 9.

These two units 54 have the function of supporting, in the case of deformation of the horizontal surface of the rail, the grinding wheel which is near this surface.

In the embodiment two pneumatic units have bean illustrated but they could be replaced with hydraulic jacks, springs or other supporting means.

From the aforegoing it is apparent that the tangential grinding machine according to the invention has numerous advantages, and in particular:

  • it allows total and perfect grinding of railway or tramway rail profiles however deformed,
  • it combines the merits of a tangential grinding wheel with those of a traditional cup grinding wheel, while overcoming the drawbacks of this latter consisting of the large number of tools and the always faceted form of the ground rail,
  • it eliminates irregularity problems by the presence of the rocking frame,
  • it also enables points, crossings etc. to be effectively ground by virtue of the control achievable by the lowering of pistons.

Claims (13)

  1. A tangential grinding machine slidable on rails to be ground and comprising at least one support frame (9) for at least two tangential grinding wheels (42) for grinding a rail (6), characterised in that the two grinding wheels can traverse axially on opposite sides of the centre line of the rail to be ground and be inclined inwards with reference to the direction of advancement along the rail, each grinding wheel having its axis of rotation non-parallel with the rail rolling surface, said frame being substantially rockable about a transverse axis extending between the grinding wheel axes.
  2. A machine as claimed in claim 1, characterised in that the support frame (9) is mounted on a framework (8) movable vertically under the control of a hydraulic or pneumatic system (28) mounted on the machine.
  3. A machine as claimed in claim 2, characterised in that the framework (8) is movable horizontally under the control of a hydraulic system (14) or pneumatic system mounted on the machine.
  4. A machine as claimed in claim 1, characterised in that the support frame (9) is provided with a pair of bushes (30) in which pins (30) engage laterally projecting from the longitudinal edges of a rocking platform (32).
  5. A machine as claimed in claim 4, characterised in that the rocking platform (32) is of substantially rectangular shape and carries, hinged on opposite sides of the axis on which it is hinged to the support frame (9), two plates (36) which at their other end are provided with devices for adjusting their inclination to the support frame.
  6. A machine as claimed in claim 5, characterised in that the two plates (36) are hinged on opposite sides.
  7. A machine as claimed in claim 5, characterised in that a flange (38) for supporting the grinding wheel is connected to each plate (36), said flange being axially rotatable relative to the overlying plate (36) and lockable to it.
  8. A machine as claimed in claim 5, characterised in that the connection between the plate (36) and the corresponding flange (38) is made by inserting bolts through a plurality of holes provided in the plate.
  9. A machine as claimed in claim 5, characterised in that each flange (38) can be shifted axially relative to the plate (36).
  10. A machine as claimed in claim 1, characterised in that each grinding wheel is rotated by a corresponding motor (48) mounted on the corresponding plate.
  11. A machine as claimed in claim 2, characterised in that the framework (9) is provided with guide arms (24, 24') engaged in the machine uprights.
  12. A machine as claimed in claim 5 characterised in that connecting means are provided between the support frame (9) and the rocking platform (32).
  13. A machine as claimed in claim 12 characterised in that said connecting means consist of pneumatic units (54).
EP19970119385 1996-11-12 1997-11-06 Tangential grinding machine Expired - Lifetime EP0843043B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
ITVE960037 1996-11-12
ITVE960037 1996-11-12

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0843043A1 true true EP0843043A1 (en) 1998-05-20
EP0843043B1 EP0843043B1 (en) 2003-04-02

Family

ID=11424222

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP19970119385 Expired - Lifetime EP0843043B1 (en) 1996-11-12 1997-11-06 Tangential grinding machine

Country Status (2)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0843043B1 (en)
DE (2) DE69720371D1 (en)

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0952255A1 (en) * 1998-04-20 1999-10-27 Schweerbau GmbH & Co. KG Railway vehicle with a rail-milling device
WO2002006587A1 (en) 2000-07-17 2002-01-24 Linsinger Maschinenbau Gesellschaft M.B.H. Method for re-profiling at least one running surface of a rail, and corresponding device
WO2002006586A1 (en) * 2000-07-17 2002-01-24 Linsinger Maschinenbau Gesellschaft M.B.H. Method for grinding a rail and device for carrying out said method
EP1460176A1 (en) * 2003-03-20 2004-09-22 Stahlberg Roensch GmbH & Co. KG Device for reconditioning the rail surface by grinding
EP2390415A1 (en) * 2010-05-28 2011-11-30 Vossloh High Speed Grinding GmbH Grindstone assembly with minimal resulting momentum and power
EP2400056A1 (en) * 2010-06-28 2011-12-28 Vossloh High Speed Grinding GmbH Device for processing bearing surfaces of rails using peripheral grinding with adjustable grinding profile
JP2012024871A (en) * 2010-07-22 2012-02-09 Hosen Kiki Seibi Kk Equipment for re-profiling rail crown surface
RU2465102C1 (en) * 2011-05-19 2012-10-27 Открытое акционерное общество Научно-исследовательский и конструкторско-технологический институт подвижного состава (ОАО "ВНИКТИ") Milling head
WO2012146540A1 (en) * 2011-04-26 2012-11-01 Fama S.R.L. Tangential grinding machine
EP2886714A1 (en) 2013-12-17 2015-06-24 Vossloh High Speed Grinding GmbH Deflector plate with protective layer for a track grinding machine
WO2015198206A1 (en) 2014-06-24 2015-12-30 Fama S.R.L. Tangential grinding machine for railway profiles

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2612174A1 (en) * 1975-12-01 1977-06-08 Plasser Bahnbaumasch Franz rail grinding machine
FR2703084A1 (en) * 1993-03-25 1994-09-30 Geismar Anc Ets L Machine for grinding rails of a railway track

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2612174A1 (en) * 1975-12-01 1977-06-08 Plasser Bahnbaumasch Franz rail grinding machine
FR2703084A1 (en) * 1993-03-25 1994-09-30 Geismar Anc Ets L Machine for grinding rails of a railway track

Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0952255A1 (en) * 1998-04-20 1999-10-27 Schweerbau GmbH & Co. KG Railway vehicle with a rail-milling device
US6921319B2 (en) 2000-07-17 2005-07-26 Linsinger Maschinenbau Gesellschaft M.B.H. Method for grinding a rail, and device for carrying out said method
WO2002006587A1 (en) 2000-07-17 2002-01-24 Linsinger Maschinenbau Gesellschaft M.B.H. Method for re-profiling at least one running surface of a rail, and corresponding device
WO2002006586A1 (en) * 2000-07-17 2002-01-24 Linsinger Maschinenbau Gesellschaft M.B.H. Method for grinding a rail and device for carrying out said method
KR100851611B1 (en) 2000-07-17 2008-08-12 링싱거 머쉬넨바우 게젤샤프트 엠.비.에이치. Method for milling and grinding a rail, and device for carrying out said method
DE20122924U1 (en) 2000-07-17 2010-04-22 Linsinger-Maschinenbau Gmbh Device for reprofiling at least the running surface of a rail
JP2006520435A (en) * 2003-03-20 2006-09-07 シュタールベルク レンシュ ゲーエムベーハ− ウント コー カーゲーStahlberg Roensch GmbH & Co.KG Apparatus for processing by the surrounding ground the running surface of the rail
WO2004083524A1 (en) * 2003-03-20 2004-09-30 Stahlberg Roensch Gmbh & Co. Kg Device for machining the running surfaces of rails by peripheral grinding
CN100532719C (en) 2003-03-20 2009-08-26 施塔尔贝格·伦施有限及两合公司 Device for machining the sliding surfaces of rails by peripheral grinding
EP1460176A1 (en) * 2003-03-20 2004-09-22 Stahlberg Roensch GmbH & Co. KG Device for reconditioning the rail surface by grinding
EP2390415A1 (en) * 2010-05-28 2011-11-30 Vossloh High Speed Grinding GmbH Grindstone assembly with minimal resulting momentum and power
EP2400056A1 (en) * 2010-06-28 2011-12-28 Vossloh High Speed Grinding GmbH Device for processing bearing surfaces of rails using peripheral grinding with adjustable grinding profile
JP2012024871A (en) * 2010-07-22 2012-02-09 Hosen Kiki Seibi Kk Equipment for re-profiling rail crown surface
WO2012146540A1 (en) * 2011-04-26 2012-11-01 Fama S.R.L. Tangential grinding machine
RU2465102C1 (en) * 2011-05-19 2012-10-27 Открытое акционерное общество Научно-исследовательский и конструкторско-технологический институт подвижного состава (ОАО "ВНИКТИ") Milling head
EP2886714A1 (en) 2013-12-17 2015-06-24 Vossloh High Speed Grinding GmbH Deflector plate with protective layer for a track grinding machine
WO2015198206A1 (en) 2014-06-24 2015-12-30 Fama S.R.L. Tangential grinding machine for railway profiles
CN106414850A (en) * 2014-06-24 2017-02-15 Fama有限责任公司 Tangential grinding machine for railway profiles
US9732476B2 (en) 2014-06-24 2017-08-15 Fama S.R.L. Tangential grinding machine for railway profiles

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
EP0843043B1 (en) 2003-04-02 grant
DE69720371D1 (en) 2003-05-08 grant
DE69720371T2 (en) 2004-02-12 grant

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