EP0809467A4 - Improved suture anchor assembly - Google Patents

Improved suture anchor assembly

Info

Publication number
EP0809467A4
EP0809467A4 EP96906406A EP96906406A EP0809467A4 EP 0809467 A4 EP0809467 A4 EP 0809467A4 EP 96906406 A EP96906406 A EP 96906406A EP 96906406 A EP96906406 A EP 96906406A EP 0809467 A4 EP0809467 A4 EP 0809467A4
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
end
sumre
driver
anchor
portion
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
EP96906406A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP0809467A1 (en
Inventor
Kevin R Stone
Allen H Desatnick
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Stone Kevin R
Original Assignee
Stone Kevin R
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US38895195A priority Critical
Priority to US388951 priority
Application filed by Stone Kevin R filed Critical Stone Kevin R
Priority to PCT/US1996/001934 priority patent/WO1996025104A1/en
Publication of EP0809467A1 publication Critical patent/EP0809467A1/en
Publication of EP0809467A4 publication Critical patent/EP0809467A4/en
Application status is Withdrawn legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/56Surgical instruments or methods for treatment of bones or joints; Devices specially adapted therefor
    • A61B17/58Surgical instruments or methods for treatment of bones or joints; Devices specially adapted therefor for osteosynthesis, e.g. bone plates, screws, setting implements or the like
    • A61B17/88Osteosynthesis instruments; Methods or means for implanting or extracting internal or external fixation devices
    • A61B17/8875Screwdrivers, spanners or wrenches
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/04Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for suturing wounds; Holders or packages for needles or suture materials
    • A61B17/0401Suture anchors, buttons or pledgets, i.e. means for attaching sutures to bone, cartilage or soft tissue; Instruments for applying or removing suture anchors
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/56Surgical instruments or methods for treatment of bones or joints; Devices specially adapted therefor
    • A61B17/58Surgical instruments or methods for treatment of bones or joints; Devices specially adapted therefor for osteosynthesis, e.g. bone plates, screws, setting implements or the like
    • A61B17/68Internal fixation devices, including fasteners and spinal fixators, even if a part thereof projects from the skin
    • A61B17/84Fasteners therefor or fasteners being internal fixation devices
    • A61B17/86Threaded wires, pins or screws; Nuts therefor
    • A61B17/8605Heads, i.e. proximal ends projecting from bone
    • A61B17/861Heads, i.e. proximal ends projecting from bone specially shaped for gripping driver
    • A61B17/862Heads, i.e. proximal ends projecting from bone specially shaped for gripping driver at the periphery of the screw head
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/56Surgical instruments or methods for treatment of bones or joints; Devices specially adapted therefor
    • A61B17/58Surgical instruments or methods for treatment of bones or joints; Devices specially adapted therefor for osteosynthesis, e.g. bone plates, screws, setting implements or the like
    • A61B17/88Osteosynthesis instruments; Methods or means for implanting or extracting internal or external fixation devices
    • A61B17/8875Screwdrivers, spanners or wrenches
    • A61B17/8877Screwdrivers, spanners or wrenches characterised by the cross-section of the driver bit
    • A61B17/888Screwdrivers, spanners or wrenches characterised by the cross-section of the driver bit the driver bit acting on the central region of the screw head
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/04Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for suturing wounds; Holders or packages for needles or suture materials
    • A61B17/0401Suture anchors, buttons or pledgets, i.e. means for attaching sutures to bone, cartilage or soft tissue; Instruments for applying or removing suture anchors
    • A61B2017/0409Instruments for applying suture anchors
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/04Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for suturing wounds; Holders or packages for needles or suture materials
    • A61B17/0401Suture anchors, buttons or pledgets, i.e. means for attaching sutures to bone, cartilage or soft tissue; Instruments for applying or removing suture anchors
    • A61B2017/0414Suture anchors, buttons or pledgets, i.e. means for attaching sutures to bone, cartilage or soft tissue; Instruments for applying or removing suture anchors having a suture-receiving opening, e.g. lateral opening
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/04Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for suturing wounds; Holders or packages for needles or suture materials
    • A61B17/0401Suture anchors, buttons or pledgets, i.e. means for attaching sutures to bone, cartilage or soft tissue; Instruments for applying or removing suture anchors
    • A61B2017/044Suture anchors, buttons or pledgets, i.e. means for attaching sutures to bone, cartilage or soft tissue; Instruments for applying or removing suture anchors with a threaded shaft, e.g. screws
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/04Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for suturing wounds; Holders or packages for needles or suture materials
    • A61B17/0401Suture anchors, buttons or pledgets, i.e. means for attaching sutures to bone, cartilage or soft tissue; Instruments for applying or removing suture anchors
    • A61B2017/0445Suture anchors, buttons or pledgets, i.e. means for attaching sutures to bone, cartilage or soft tissue; Instruments for applying or removing suture anchors cannulated, e.g. with a longitudinal through-hole for passage of an instrument
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B17/00Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets
    • A61B17/04Surgical instruments, devices or methods, e.g. tourniquets for suturing wounds; Holders or packages for needles or suture materials
    • A61B17/0401Suture anchors, buttons or pledgets, i.e. means for attaching sutures to bone, cartilage or soft tissue; Instruments for applying or removing suture anchors
    • A61B2017/0446Means for attaching and blocking the suture in the suture anchor
    • A61B2017/0459Multiple holes in the anchor through which the suture extends and locking the suture when tension is applied

Abstract

Suture anchor assembly for attaching soft tissue to bone. The assembly (10) includes an elongated member (12) having a continuous self-tapping threaded anchor portion (14) having a self-drilling contour at its proximal end, and an integral eyelet (18) for receiving a suture (30) at its distal end. The distal end further includes a receiver for a rotating driver device (20), such as a cannulated drill. The assembly (10) is designed for endoscopic insertion of the anchor (14), with the suture (30) extending along the central axis (X1) of the driver (20).

Description

IMPROVED SUTURE ANCHOR ASSEMBLY

Background of the Invention

This application is a continuation-in-part of copending application Serial Number 08/349,677, filed December 5, 1994, which is a continuation application of copending application Serial Number 08/081,516, filed June 23, 1993, now U.S. Patent Number 5,370,662, issued on December 6, 1994. The present invention generally relates to suture anchors. Specifically, the invention relates to suture anchors used in securing soft tissue to bone.

Soft tissues, such as tendons and ligaments generally insert into bone through small collagenous fibers called sharpey's fibers. These connections are strong and permit the muscle which pull on the tendons to effect force on the bones, or the ligaments which stabilize the body's joints, the resist force. When a tissue is torn away from the bone and requires repair, the surgeon is often required to fashion tunnels into the bone through which to pass sutures, which are then threaded through the soft tissues. The bone tunnels are often difficult to make, and generally require large open incisions. Recently, through the advent of endoscopic surgery, where the surgeon looks into a joint cavity with a telescope, there has been a desire to repair soft tissues back to bone without performing a large open incision. The device described herein facilitates that procedure.

A variety of devices are available for attaching objects to bone, such as screws, staples, cement, and sutures alone. These devices have been used to attach soft tissue, such as ligaments, tendons, muscles, as well as objects such as prostheses, to bone. Screws tend to loosen with time, usually requires a second operation to remove the loosened screw. In addition, conventional screws tend to be time-consuming and difficult to install, especially in a tight space such as that encountered during endoscopic surgery.

Installation of presently available bone screws involves several steps. First, a pilot hole must normally be drilled into the bone. Then, depending on the bo structure, the bone may also have to be tapped to accept to the screw. The scre is next positioned and turned to fasten. Finally, if the suture is not preattached, the suture is threaded into an eyelet contained in the screw. This multi-step process, necessitated by the structure of available bone screw devices, is difficul for the surgeon, especially in confined surgical areas. Often, such accessibility considerations limit the ability of the surgeon to secure sutures at optimal locations, forcing the surgeon to select a less-than-desirable location. Furthermore, the final position of the screw is determined once the hole has bee drilled, making it difficult to relocate or position the screw in a different positio

U.S. Patent No. 4,632,100 discloses a cylindrical suture anchor which includes a drill at a first end (for boring a hole in a bone) and a flight of threads on the other end, and distal from the drill, for securing the anchor in a hole established by the drill. Sutures are held in the interior of the anchor by means of an annular disc that is press fit into the interior of the anchor. This two piec assembly is difficult to assemble and, due to the suture-holding disc, is substantially limited in the number of sutures that can be held. Moreover, the discrete drill and thread flights are inefficient in their operation.

Staples are disadvantageous for some of the same reasons as standard screws, plus there are additional set-backs for using staples for attachment.

Staples have been known to crack the bone during deployment, or to accidentall transect the object being attached to the bone.

Other devices that currently exist for attaching soft tissue to bone include metal screws with sutures attached, shaped metal anchors through which sutures can be threaded, and plastic tacks with sutures attached. Each of these devices includes a single suture affixed to the device prior to implantation. These devic are difficult to deploy endoscopically and are limited to single sutures even though multiple sutures are often required for soft tissue repair.

Accordingly, it is an object of the invention to provide a device that is designed for endoscopic use and that accommodates multiple suture fixation. Summary of the Invention

The present invention generally relates to suture anchor assemblies of the type used for securing soft tissue to bone. The inventive assembly includes an elongated, generally cylindrical member having an anchor portion at a first end and a suture/drive portion at a second end. An eyelet is positioned at the second end for receiving and securing a suture. The second end also includes a coupler for coupling a cannulated driver to the anchor to enable insertion of the anchor into bone.

The cylindrical member of the anchor assembly generally extends along a central axis X, and has a maximum outer diameter D. The anchor portion includes a self-drilling contour near the first end. Both the anchor portion and the suture/drive portion have a continuous self-tapping thread pattern on their outer surfaces.

The eyelet is positioned near the second end such that a suture path is defined from the region adjacent to the second end, through the eyelet and back to the region adjacent to the second end. The endpoints of the suture path are less than D72 from the central axis. In a preferred form of the invention, D' is less than the maximum outer diameter of the cylindrical member D.

The coupler that forms part of the suture/driver end of the cylindrical member is adapted to mechanically couple a distal tip of a cannulated driver.

The driver may have an inner diameter greater than or equal to the diameter D, of the suture/driver end and an outer diameter less than or equal to diameter D. The driver is rotatable about a drive axis and thus rotates the cylindrical member about that drive axis when the distal tip of the driver is mechanically coupled with the coupler.

In another embodiment, the coupler includes at least first and second planar flanges located at opposite sides of the central axis, and extending radially outward from the central axis in opposite directions. The coupler may further include third and fourth planar flanges, also on opposite sides of and extending radially outward from the central axis. The flanges function as stop-points, or form a shoulder, to prevent the cylindrical member from being inserted beyond a predetermined point into the bone.

The coupler may also include one or more pairs of grooves in the side of the cylindrical member and extending from the second end to the first end. Th grooves extend along groove axes essentially parallel to the central axis. Each groove of each pair of grooves is located on opposite sides of the cylindrical member, and the respective opposing groove axes are essentially coplanar with the central axis.

In another embodiment the suture anchor assembly of the present inventio further includes a cannulated driver with a distal tip having an inner diameter D which is greater than or equal to D' . The cannulated driver can include an annular tapered leading edge.

In another embodiment, the anchor portion includes a self-drilling contou at least at points near the first end.

In yet another embodiment, the anchor portion and the suture/drive portio have a continuous self -tapping thread pattern on their outer surfaces. The threa pattern extends at least from points near the first end to points near the second end.

The anchor portion can include drilling means at its distal tip for establishing a hole in bone. The suture/drive portion includes an eyelet which i bounded by a pair of channels extending axially therein from the second end of the cylindrical member. The channels are on opposite sides of the suture/drive portion and are linked by a central aperture. The channels can be either extern or internal.

Brief Description of the Figures

The invention is further described by the following description, and Figur in which:

FIGURE 1 shows a side plan view of one embodiment of the suture anch assembly of the present invention; FIGURE 2 shows an alternate side plan view of the embodiment of

FIGURE 1 rotated 90° from FIGURE 1; FIGURE 3 shows a longitudinal cross-section view of a driver assembly engaging the suture anchor assembly of FIGURE 1 ;

FIGURE 4 shows a perspective view of another embodiment of the inventive suture anchor assembly, including the distal portion of a driver assembly,

FIGURE 5 shows a perspective view of another embodiment of the inventive suture anchor assembly, including the distal portion of a driver assembly;

FIGURE 6 shows a perspective view of another embodiment of the inventive suture anchor assembly, including the distal portion of a driver assembly;

FIGURE 6A shows an end view of the suture anchor assembly of FIGURE 6;

FIGURE 7 shows a perspective view of another embodiment of the suture anchor assembly of the present invention, including the distal portion of a driver assembly;

FIGURE 7A shows an end view of the suture anchor assembly of FIGURE 7;

FIGURE 8A shows a side plan view of another embodiment of the inventive suture anchor assembly;

FIGURE 8B shows an end view of the suture anchor assembly of FIGURE 8A from the drive end;

FIGURE 8C shows a longitudinal cross-section of the suture anchor assembly of FIGURE 8A; FIGURE 8D shows an end view of the suture anchor assembly of FIGURE

8A from the anchor end;

FIGURE 8E shows a cross-section of the anchor of FIGURE 8A together with a drive assembly;

FIGURE 8F shows an exploded perspective view of the driver of FIGURE 8E;

FIGURE 9A shows a side plan view of another embodiment of the inventive suture anchor assembly;

FIGURE 9B shows a cross-section of the suture anchor assembly of FIGURE 9A;

FIGURE 9C shows a perspective view of a driver for use with the anchor of FIGURES 9A and 9B;

FIGURE 9D shows a sectional view of the driver of FIGURE 9C;

FIGURE 10A shows a side plan view of another embodiment of the inventive suture anchor assembly;

FIGURE 10B shows a cross-section of the suture anchor assembly of FIGURE 10A;

FIGURE 11A is an end view of another embodiment of the inventive sutu anchor assembly;

FIGURE 1 IB is a side elevational view of the embodiment of FIGURE 11 A; FIGURE 11C is a partial longitudinal cross-sectional view of the embodiment of FIGURE 11B;

FIGURE 12A is an end view of still another embodiment of the inventive suture anchor assembly;

FIGURE 12B is a side elevational view of the embodiment of FIGURE 12A;

FIGURE 12C is a partial longitudinal cross-sectional view of the embodiment of FIGURE 12B;

FIGURE 13 A is an end view of a driver for use with the suture anchor assembly of FIGURE 11B; FIGURE 13B is a longitudinal cross-sectional view of the driver of

FIGURE 13A;

FIGURE 14A is an end view of a driver for use with the suture anchor assembly of FIGURE 12B;

FIGURE 14B is a longitudinal cross-sectional view of the driver of FIGURE 14A;

FIGURE 15 A is an end view of another embodiment of the inventive sutu anchor assembly;

FIGURE 15B is a side elevational view of the suture anchor assembly of FIGURE 15A;

FIGURE 15C is an end view of a driver for use with the suture anchor assembly of FIGURES 15A - 15B;

FIGURE 16A is an end view of still another embodiment of the inventive suture anchor assembly;

FIGURE 16B is an end view of a driver for use with the suture anchor assembly of FIGURE 16A and FIGURE 17 is a side elevational view of a suture anchor having a self- tapping thread pattern extending along its full length.

Like elements in the respective FIGURES have similar reference numbers.

Description of the Preferred Embodiment The suture anchor assembly of the present invention primarily is for use during endoscopic surgery. The anchors are intended for permanent implantation into a patient, however it is possible to remove the anchors if necessary. The use of suture anchors that fix soft tissue to bone is frequent in orthopedic surgery, though such anchors may be used in other fields as appropriate. Generally, and as illustrated in Figures 1 and 2, the inventive suture anchor assembly 10 includes an elongated cylindrical member 12. The cylindrical member 12 includes a threaded anchor portion 14 at one end and a suture/drive portion 16 at the opposite end. The suture/drive portion 16 is adapted for insertion into the distal end of a driver 20, such as a standard operating room cannulated drill. The inventive assembly 10 is thus adapted for installation into a patient by endoscopic means, or any other appropriate surgical procedure. The inventive assembly 10 may include several different embodiments illustrated and described herein.

Preferably, the cylindrical member 12 is manufactured from stainless steel, titanium, or some other durable, non-degradable, biocompatible material.

Alternatively, the cylindrical member 12 may be manufactured from a non- biocompatible material, but coated with a biocompatible substance prior to insertion in the patient. The assembly 10 may be manufactured as a single piec using standard metal-shaping techniques. Alternatively, the top portion 16 may be manufactured separately from the bottom anchor portion 14 and attached by conventional methods and materials. In such an embodiment, the two separate portions may be manufactured using the same or different materials.

In one form, the anchor portion 14 may be metal, forming a permanent element, while the suture/drive portion 16 may be made of a bioresorbable material (which will be resorbed after residing in a patient). The latter form is particularly useful where it is the eventual goal to have no protuberance beyond the bone surface.

The threaded anchor portion 14 of the cylindrical member 12 covers a portion of the surface of that member 12. The actual amount of threaded ancho portion 14 may depend upon several variables, such as the type of tissue, the ty of anticipated surgical procedure in which the assembly will be used, manufacturing limitations, materials limitations, and other variables readily determinable by one skilled in the relevant art.

The top suture/driver portion 16 at the distal end of the assembly 10 is designed both to hold a suture material and to fit the head of a driver device. In the illustrated embodiment of Figure 1, the top portion 16 includes an eyelet 18 of sufficient size to receive one or more sutures 30. Since sutures are made of different materials and, consequently, are available in a variety of different diameters, the actual size of the eyelet 18 may be of a standard size to accept an suture material or may come in a range of sizes specific to different suture types. In alternative embodiments, and as exemplified in Figure 5, the top portio

16 may includes a plurality of aligned eyelets 18 to enable one or more sutures t pass through two or more such eyelets 18. Alternatively, multiple sutures may pass through any one of the eyelets. The suture 30 is preferably prethreaded in the suture anchor 10, but may be threaded once the anchor assembly 10 is positioned. Generally, the suture 30 passes through a suture path P through eyelet 18. The outermost boundary of suture path P is less than distance D72 from the central (X) axis of anchor 10, i.e. within the cylindrical regional diameter (D, where D' <D) defined by the greatest diameter of the cylindrical member 12. This restriction on the diameter of path P is necessitated by the requirement that the top portion 16 (and suture 30) fit into a distal tip 22 of a cannulated driver assembly 20, as shown in Figure 3.

Figure 3 illustrates the driver assembly 20 interfitted with the anchor assembly 10 of Figures 1 and 2. As shown, the driver assembly 20 includes a distal tip element 22 that extends from a cannulated member 23. The distal tip element 22 interfits with suture/drive portion 16. The outer diameter D3 of the distal tip 22 preferably is less than or equal to outer diameter D of the cylindrical member. This reduces the amount of trauma to surrounding tissue during insertion of the assembly 10.

As shown in the Figures, the anchor portion 14 of the cylindrical member 12 is preferably self-tapping. The tip of the anchor portion 14 may taper to a point, or may be blunt-ended depending upon the specific environment in which the suture anchor assembly 10 will be used. Other tapered configurations may be used. In a preferred embodiment, and as illustrated, the tip is pointed to facilitate inserting the anchor assembly 10 at an optimal location selected by the user. The outermost diameter D, as measured at the widest portion of the cylindrical member 12, may vary depending upon such variables as the specific environment for which the assembly 10 will be used, the materials from which the assembly 10 is manufactured, and other variables readily determined by one skilled in the relevant art. In a preferred form of the invention, the cylindrical member 12 of a typical assembly may have D approximately equal to 0.2 inches. The top portion of the cylindrical member adjacent to the top portion may include a shoulder 17 that extends beyond the diameter D of the cylindrical member 12, as shown in Figure 1. Thus, the shoulder 17 may consist of a set of discrete shoulder flanges, or may be a continuous portion of the top of the cylindrical member that extends beyond diameter D. The shoulder 17, whether in the form of discrete flanges or a continuous extension portion, functions to stop insertion of the anchor assembly 10 into the bone beyond the shoulder 17. Thus, the shoulder 17 prevents a user from inserting the assembly 10 so far into the bone that the suture/driver portion 16 becomes lodged in the bone.

In a preferred form of practicing the present invention, the suture/drive portion 16 is adapted to fit into the chuck of a standard operating room cannulated drill generally commercially available. In other forms of practicing the invention, a driver assembly 20 may be used having a distal tip element 22 adapted to interfit with the sumre/drive portion 16 of the inventive assembly. I a preferred form of the invention, and as best shown below in conjunction with Figure 4, the inner diameter D2 of the driver tip 22 is greater than or equal to t diameter Dj of suture/drive portion 16.

The distal tip 22 is cannulated to allow the sumre/drive portion 16, with sutures in place in the suture path, to extend into the distal tip element 22. In one embodiment, the drive assembly 20 is cannulated, however it may only be necessary for the tip 22 to be cannulated an amount sufficient to receive the suture/drive portion 16, with sutures.

In a preferred form of practicing the present invention, the driver assembl 20 is rotatable about an axis X,, which axis X! is coaxial with a central axis X2 along which the cylindrical member 12 extends. Thus, when the anchor assemb 10 is engaged with the drive assembly 20, the drive assembly 20 rotates the anchor assembly 10 in such a manner as to screw the anchor 10 into the target bone.

In the illustrated embodiment of Figure 4, the suture/drive portion 16 consists of a pair of planar flanges 24, 24' extending radially outward from and on either side of the central axis X2. A suture eyelet 18 extends through the flanges 24, 24'. The distal tip element 22 of driver 20 has an inner geometry that is complementary to the outer geometry of flanges 24, 24' , so that the dista tip element can engage the flanges for rotational driving.

In an alternative embodiment shown in Figure 5, the suture/drive portion 16 includes four planar flanges, 24a, 24b, 24c, and 24d, each flange positioned about 90° from the other about the central axis. The generally " -(-"-shaped cross-section formed by the planar flanges then inserts into a complementary pattern in the driver distal tip element 22.

In yet another embodiment, shown at Figure 6, the cylindrical member 12 includes a pair of grooves 26, 26' extending from the sumre/drive portion end of the member 12. The grooves 26 may extend either the entire length of the cylindrical member 12, or, as shown in Figure 6, may extend only a portion of the way down the member 12. The exact length and depth of each groove depends on such variables and considerations as manufacturing constraints, the type of driver used, and other variables readily discernible by one skilled in the relevant art. For this form of the invention, the distal tip element 22 of driver 20 includes a pair of ridges 27, 27' that are complementary to grooves 26, 26', so that the driver 20 can engage the end of member 12.

As shown in the top plan view of this embodiment of the assembly 10 in Figure 6A, a structure 28 may be provided solely for the sumre eyelet 18. As illustrated, the eyelet structure 28 has a length L less than or equal to the diameter D of the cylindrical member. The structure 28 is positioned at the end of the cylindrical member 12 opposite the anchor portion 14. The structure may be integral to the cylindrical member 12 or may be mechanically or otherwise attached to the cylindrical member 12.

In another alternative embodiment, and as illustrated in Figure 7, the inventive assembly 10 may include a plurality of grooves 26a, 26b, 26c, and 26d positioned in predetermined locations about the surface of the cylindrical member 12. These grooves 26a, 26b, 26c, and 26d, are structurally similar to the grooves 26 and 26' described in relation to Figure 6. As further illustrated in Figure 7A, this illustrated embodiment includes a suture structure 28 having characteristics to the similar structure 28 described above in conjunction with

Figures 6 and 6A. The distal tip element 22 of driver 20 for the anchor of Figures 7 and 7A includes four internal ridges 27a, 27b, 27c, and 27d.

Yet another embodiment of the anchor 10 is shown in Figures 8A, 8B, 8C and 8D. That anchor is generally similar to that of Figure 5, except that the member 12 includes a square cross-section central bore 40 extending along its central axis X2, having dimensions d/- 2 x dΛ/2. In this element, a flanges 50, 52, 54 and 56 each include a respective one of sumre eyelets 50a, 52a, 54a and 56a, and determine sumre paths positioned such that all points are separated fro the central axis X2 by a distance greater than d/2.

The anchors of FIGURES 8A-8D are particularly adapted for driving with square cross-section driver positioned in the central bore 40. FIGURES 8E and

8F show a cannulated driver 20 having a tip 22 which supports a drive element 60 extending from an aperture 64 in tip 22. The drive element 60 includes a square cross-section portion 70 (for driving anchor 10) and a cylindrical lead portion 72 (for guiding the lead tip of anchor 10 into a pilot hole in the target bore). In this configuration, the tip 22 also includes apertures 76 and 78 to define a sumre path between the eyelets of anchor 10 and the interior of cannulated driver 20.

FIGURES 9A and 9B and FIGURES 10A and 10B show additional embodiments of the invention. The anchors of these figures include shoulders 17 which serve to limit the insertion depth of the anchors. Also these embodiments include different exemplary sumre eyelet configuration compared with the configurations of the other figures.

The embodiment of FIGURES 9A and 9B is particularly adapted for use with the driver 80 shown in FIGURES 9C and 9D. That driver 80 includes an elongated tubular member extending along a driver axis 82 between a proximal end 80a and a distal (or driving) end 80b. A pair of resilient, elongated finger members 84 and 86 extend from the distal end along respective finger axes 84a and 86a, respectively; axes 84a and 86a are substantially coplanar with axis 82. The finger members 84, 86 are shaped so that the anchor 10 of FIGURES 9A an 9B may be supported by the finger members 84, 86, with those finger members fitting within the elongate grooves 26 and 26' in the outside of member 14. The separation Si of fingers is such that upon placement an anchor 10 between finge members 84, 86 in alignment with grooves 26, 26', the separation Si between finger members is slightly increased, and the resilient fingers effect a bias force, holding the anchor 10 in place. Thus, the fingers 84, 86 act as spring-biased flexures to support an anchor. Preferably the driver 80 has a pair of slots 90, 92 in its distal top, as shown, which are adapted to receive element 16 upon full insertion of finger members 84, 86 into grooves 26, 26' . With this configuration, a controlled, substantial driving torque may be applied to the drive end of the anchor 10 for insertion. One aspect of the present invention, and as shown in the figures, is that the anchor portion 14 may include a self-tapping threaded portion. The self-tapping aspect of the threaded anchor portion facilitates insertion of the anchor assembly 10 into a patient's bone or other anchor base at a location desired by the practitioner. Unlike prior art devices that require the creation of an initial insertion hole before introduction of a screw-type anchor, the self-tapping aspect of the threaded portion of the inventive sumre anchor assembly allows the user to select the optimal location for insertion of the assembly 10.

According to another embodiment of the present invention, the anchor portion 14 can have a self-drilling contour at least at points near the first end of the cylindrical member 12, as shown in FIGURES 1 IB and 12B. The self- drilling contour can include a self-drilling bit at the distal end of the anchor portion 14 for establishing a hole in cancellous and/or cortical bone.

The anchor portion 14 and the sumre/drive portion 16 have a continuous self-tapping thread pattern which extends over the outside surface of substantially the entire length of the respective portions, as shown in FIGURES 11B and 12B.

The self-tapping thread pattern can extend from the first end to the second end, or from points near the first end to the second end, or from the first end to points near the second as shown in Figure 17. The self-tapping thread pattern can extend to the outer surface of at least a portion of the self-drilling bit at the distal end of the anchor portion.

The suture anchor 10 can thus be a fully threaded shaft with no head at the suture/drive end 16 as shown in Figure 17. Alternatively, the suture anchor can include, for example, a pan head or other flat head formed with shoulder 17, as illustrated in FIGURES 11B, 11C, 12B AND 12C. The suture/drive portion 16 includes one or more eyelets 18 positioned at or near the second end. In a preferred embodiment, the eyelet 18 is fully recessed within the elongated cylindrical member, as shown in FIGURES 1 IB and 11C. As shown in FIGURES 11A-11C, channels 19 are linked by eyelet aperture 18 within the sumre/drive portion 16 to define a sumre path P. The diameter D' of the sumre path P is less than the maximum outer diameter D of the cylindrical member 12, as shown in FIGURE llC. Sutures 30 pass throug the channels 19 and eyelet aperture 18 along the sumre path P. The channels 1 can be externally located on the outer surfaces of the cylindrical member 12, as shown in FIGURES 11A-C, or they can be internally located within the cylindrical member 12, as shown in FIGURES 12A-12C. The eyelet aperture 1 can be drilled completely through the sumre/drive portion 16 at the second end the sumre anchor assembly 10, as shown most clearly in FIGURE 12C.

The sumre/drive portion 16 includes coupling means for receiving a distal tip 22 of a cannulated driver 20, so that the cylindrical member 12 of the sumre anchor assembly and the driver tip 22 can be mechanically coupled for mutual rotation.

FIGURES 13 A and 13B show a cannulated driver 20 which can be used with the sumre anchor assembly of FIGURES llA-llC. The sumre anchor embodiment of FIGURES 11A-11C features external channels 19 on the outside surfaces of the sumre/drive portion 16. The distal tip elements 22 of the cannulated driver 20 have an inner diameter D2 which is greater than or equal t the diameter D' of the sumre path P, and an outer diameter D3 which is less tha or equal to the maximum outer diameter D of the cylindrical member 12 of the sumre anchor. The distal tip elements 22 are adapted to interfit with the channe 19, and to abut surfaces 21 of the sumre/drive portion 16, for imparting axial a rotational force to the sumre anchor. The distal tip elements 22 of the driver 20 are configured to define a suture path P between them, as shown in FIGURES 11C and 13A.

FIGURES 14A and 14B show a cannulated driver 20 which can be used with the sumre anchor assembly of FIGURES 12A-12C. The sumre anchor embodiment of FIGURES 12A-12C features internal channels 19 within the sumre/drive portion 16. Note that, relative to the driver 20 of FIGURE 13A, t distal tip elements 22 of this driver embodiment are more closely spaced and define a narrower sumre path P' between them, as illustrated in FIGURES 12C and 14A. Smaller-gauge sumres 30' must be used with the sumre anchor embodiment of FIGURES 12A-12C and the driver embodiment of FIGURES 14A-14B because of the narrower sumre path P' and the closer spacing of the channels 19 and the distal tip elements 22 of the driver 20.

The driver 20 further includes an annular tapered leading edge portion 31, as shown in FIGURES 13A-13B and 14A-14B. This tapered leading edge 31 permits the driver 20 to set the sumre anchor 10 slightly (e.g. , l-2mm) below the top surface of the cortical bone. When the driver 20 is disengaged from the sumre anchor 10 after the anchor is installed in the bone, one or more sumres 30 which remain with the sumre anchor 10 contact a gradually tapered edge of bone at the point of entry of the anchor 10 into the bone. This elimination of sharp bone surfaces protects the sumres 20 from premature fraying and also reduces stress on the bone itself.

FIGURES 15A - 15B illustrate another sumre anchor embodiment in which four external channels 19 are provided in the sumre/drive portion. Each of the channels 19 is narrower relative to the channels in the embodiment of FIGURES llA - llC. A driver 20 for use with this embodiment is illustrated in FIGURE 15C. A three-channel embodiment of a sumre anchor 10 and corresponding driver 20 is illustrated in FIGURES 16A - 16B. Other sumre anchor and driver embodiments employing different numbers and arrangements of channels 19 are possible.

The invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics thereof. The present embodiments and examples are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes that come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein.

Claims

Claims
What is claimed is:
1. A surgical sumre anchor assembly, comprising:
an elongated, generally cylindrical member extending along a centr axis and having a maximum outer diameter D, said member including an anchor portion at a first end thereof rigidly coupled to sumre/drive portion at a second end thereof, said second end being opposite said first end,
wherein said anchor portion includes a self-drilling contour at least at points near said first end, and
wherein said sumre/drive portion includes:
A. at least one eyelet positioned at or near said second end, said eyelet having a central aperture, whereby a sumre path extending between two end points is defined by a regio adjacent to said second end, through said aperture of said eyelet and back to said region adjacent to said second end, wherein the end points of said sumre path are less than a distance equal to D72 from said central axis, where D' is less than or equal to said maximum outer diameter D; and
B. coupling means for receiving a distal tip of a cannulated driver rotatable about a drive axis, whereby said cylindrical member and said distal tip are mechanically coupled for mutual rotation with said drive axis and said central axis being coaxial when said distal tip of said driver is received by said coupling means, and
wherein said anchor portion and said sumre/drive portion have a continuous self-tapping thread pattern on the outer surfaces thereof, said pattern extending at least from points near said first end to points near said second end.
2. A sumre anchor assembly according to claim 1 further including a cannulated driver wherein said distal tip of said driver has an inner diameter D2 greater than or equal to D' .
3. A sumre anchor assembly according to claim 2 wherein said cannulated driver includes an annular tapered leading edge.
4. A sumre anchor assembly according to claim 1 wherein said distal tip of said driver has an outer diameter D3 less than or equal to D.
5. A suture anchor assembly according to claim 1 further comprising a plurality of sumres extending along said sumre path.
6. A sumre anchor assembly according to claim 1 wherein said anchor portion has drilling means at a distal tip thereof for establishing a hole in bone.
7. A suture anchor assembly according to claim 1 wherein said eyelet is bounded by a pair of channels extending axially within said sumre/drive portion from said second end, said channels being on diametrically opposite sides of said sumre/drive portion and being linked by said central aperture.
8. A sumre anchor assembly according to claim 1 wherein said thread 2 pattern extends from said first end to said second end of said
3 member.
1 9. A sumre anchor assembly according to claim 1 wherein said thread
2 pattern extends from points near said first end to said second end o
3 said member.
1 10. A sumre anchor assembly according to claim 1 wherein said thread
2 pattern extends from said first end to points near said second end o
3 said member.
1 11. A sumre anchor assembly according to claim 1 wherein said thread
2 pattern extends to the outer surface of at least a portion of said drill
3 means at said distal tip of said anchor portion.
1 12. A sumre anchor assembly according to claim 7 wherein said
2 channels within said sumre/drive portion are internal.
1 13. A sumre anchor assembly according to claim 7 wherein said
2 channels within said sumre/drive portion are external.
1 14. A driver assembly for releasably supporting a sumre anchor
2 assembly wherein said driver assembly comprises: 3
4 A. an elongated tubular member extending along a driver axis
5 and having a proximal end and a distal end, and 6
7 B. a pair of resilient, elongated finger members extending from
8 opposite sides of the end of said distal end of said tubular member
9 and along respective finger axes parallel to said driver axis, said 10 finger axes and said driver axes being substantially coplanar, wherein said finger members are separated by a first distance SI at said distal end of said mbular member and by lesser distances at other locations along said driver axis, and wherein said finger members are adapted to interfit with said channels to define said sumre path.
15. A surgical anchor kit, comprising:
I. an elongated, generally cylindrical member extending along a central axis and having a maximum outer diameter D, said member including an anchor portion at a first end thereof rigidly coupled to a sumre/drive portion at a second end thereof, said second end being opposite said first end,
wherein said anchor portion includes a self-drilling contour at least at points near said first end,
wherein said sumre/drive portion includes:
A. at least one eyelet positioned at or near said second end, said eyelet having a central aperture, whereby a sumre path extending between two end points is defined by a region adjacent to said second end, through said aperture of said eyelet and back to said region adjacent to said second end, wherein the end points of said suture path are less than a distance equal to D72 from said central axis, where D' is less than or equal to said maximum outer diameter D; and 26 B. coupling means for receiving a distal
27 tip of a cannulated driver rotatable about a
28 drive axis, whereby said cylindrical member
29 and said distal tip are mechanically coupled fo
30 mutual rotation with said drive axis and said
31 central axis being coaxial when said distal tip
32 of said driver is received by said coupling
33 means, and 34
35 wherein said anchor portion and said sumre/drive
36 portion have a continuous self-tapping thread pattern
37 on the outer surfaces thereof, said pattern extending a
38 least from points near said first end to points near
39 said second end, 40
41 II. a driver assembly for releasably supporting a sumre anchor
42 assembly wherein said driver assembly comprises: 43
44 A. an elongated mbular member extending along a drive
45 axis and having a proximal end and a distal end, and 46
47
48 B. a pair of resilient, elongated finger members
49 extending from opposite sides of the end of said dista
50 end of said mbular member and along respective
51 finger axes parallel to said driver axis, said finger
52 axes and said driver axes being substantially coplanar
53 wherein said finger members are separated by a first
54 distance SI at said distal end of said mbular member
55 and by lesser distances at other locations along said
56 driver axis, and wherein said finger members are 57 adapted to interfit with said channels to define said
58 sumre path.
EP96906406A 1995-02-15 1996-02-15 Improved suture anchor assembly Withdrawn EP0809467A4 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US38895195A true 1995-02-15 1995-02-15
US388951 1995-02-15
PCT/US1996/001934 WO1996025104A1 (en) 1995-02-15 1996-02-15 Improved suture anchor assembly

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0809467A1 EP0809467A1 (en) 1997-12-03
EP0809467A4 true EP0809467A4 (en) 1998-06-03

Family

ID=23536206

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP96906406A Withdrawn EP0809467A4 (en) 1995-02-15 1996-02-15 Improved suture anchor assembly

Country Status (3)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0809467A4 (en)
AU (1) AU4979496A (en)
WO (1) WO1996025104A1 (en)

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US6921402B2 (en) 2001-12-27 2005-07-26 Ethicon, Inc. Polymer-based orthopedic screw and driver system with increased insertion torque tolerance and associated method for making and using same
US8876868B2 (en) 2002-09-06 2014-11-04 Roger P. Jackson Helical guide and advancement flange with radially loaded lip
US8926672B2 (en) 2004-11-10 2015-01-06 Roger P. Jackson Splay control closure for open bone anchor
US7967850B2 (en) 2003-06-18 2011-06-28 Jackson Roger P Polyaxial bone anchor with helical capture connection, insert and dual locking assembly
US8926670B2 (en) 2003-06-18 2015-01-06 Roger P. Jackson Polyaxial bone screw assembly
US7766915B2 (en) 2004-02-27 2010-08-03 Jackson Roger P Dynamic fixation assemblies with inner core and outer coil-like member
US7833250B2 (en) 2004-11-10 2010-11-16 Jackson Roger P Polyaxial bone screw with helically wound capture connection
US7776067B2 (en) 2005-05-27 2010-08-17 Jackson Roger P Polyaxial bone screw with shank articulation pressure insert and method
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US8444681B2 (en) 2009-06-15 2013-05-21 Roger P. Jackson Polyaxial bone anchor with pop-on shank, friction fit retainer and winged insert
US9393047B2 (en) 2009-06-15 2016-07-19 Roger P. Jackson Polyaxial bone anchor with pop-on shank and friction fit retainer with low profile edge lock
US9168069B2 (en) 2009-06-15 2015-10-27 Roger P. Jackson Polyaxial bone anchor with pop-on shank and winged insert with lower skirt for engaging a friction fit retainer
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US9597119B2 (en) 2014-06-04 2017-03-21 Roger P. Jackson Polyaxial bone anchor with polymer sleeve
US10064658B2 (en) 2014-06-04 2018-09-04 Roger P. Jackson Polyaxial bone anchor with insert guides

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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
EP0809467A1 (en) 1997-12-03
WO1996025104A1 (en) 1996-08-22
AU4979496A (en) 1996-09-04

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