EP0737526A1 - Bending machine - Google Patents

Bending machine Download PDF

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Publication number
EP0737526A1
EP0737526A1 EP19950203133 EP95203133A EP0737526A1 EP 0737526 A1 EP0737526 A1 EP 0737526A1 EP 19950203133 EP19950203133 EP 19950203133 EP 95203133 A EP95203133 A EP 95203133A EP 0737526 A1 EP0737526 A1 EP 0737526A1
Authority
EP
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
clamping part
arrangement
characterized
provided
additional
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
EP19950203133
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP0737526B1 (en )
Inventor
Alfonsius Johannes Maria Busschers
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
DYNOBEND B.V.
Original Assignee
BUSSCHERS METAALBEDRIJF BV
Metaalbedrijf Busschers BV
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D7/00Bending rods, profiles, or tubes
    • B21D7/02Bending rods, profiles, or tubes over a stationary forming member; by use of a swinging forming member or abutment
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D7/00Bending rods, profiles, or tubes
    • B21D7/02Bending rods, profiles, or tubes over a stationary forming member; by use of a swinging forming member or abutment
    • B21D7/024Bending rods, profiles, or tubes over a stationary forming member; by use of a swinging forming member or abutment by a swinging forming member

Abstract

Arrangement for bending pipes (1), comprising a central bending head (6,7) and a clamping device. In order to achieve a grip of a more radial symmetry, the clamping device consisting of two clamping parts (8,9) is provided with at least one additional clamping part (15), contacting the pipe (1) to be bent at the joint face of the two clamping parts (8,9).

Description

  • The present invention relates to an arrangement for bending bar-shaped or tubular material, comprising a central bending head and a clamping device, divisible into a first clamping part and a second clamping part, for accepting and two-sided clamping, and subsequent moving around the central bending head, the material to be bent.
  • Many variants are known in the prior art of arrangements of this kind, in which two types can be distinguished. The first type has a central bending head constructed in one piece. The material in this case is clamped against the central bending head with a separate clamp, the actual bending action being effected by a subsequent rotation of the central bending head, together with the separate clamp, about the shaft of the central bending head. The second type has a central bending head divided, in axial sense, into two halves, each half being provided with a half clamp such that, when the two halves are pressed together, the material is secured. The actual bending action is again effected by a subsequent rotation of the central bending head. Both prior art types of arrangement have the disadvantage that the material, usually tubing, is only clamped on two sides. For a bending action in the horizontal plane, for example, the arrangement of the first type will only clamp the tube on the sides, whereas the arrangement of the second type will only clamp the top and the bottom.
  • The drawback of only two-sided clamping becomes especially apparent if material is to be processed that is easily damaged, such as thin-walled tubing or tubing having a specific surface structure, such as stainless steel tubing. The result in those cases is often that the bending action fails, which specifically gives rise to loss of material, or that, with the aid of cleaning and polishing techniques, the damage is eliminated, which gives rise to loss of time and leads to a sub-optimal result. The invention described here obviates this drawback to a significant degree, and is characterized in that the clamping device is provided with at least one additional clamping part, for the material to be clamped on more than two sides.
  • An advantageous embodiment of the invention is characterized in that the at least one additional clamping part at least substantially contacts the material at a joint face between the first clamping part and the second clamping part, as this is the place where the material in the prior art arrangements is hardly clamped at all. It is then necessary for at least one clamping part to be provided with a cavity for accepting the at least one additional clamping part.
  • According to the invention the arrangement is then provided in a further advantageous embodiment with means for positioning the at least one additional clamping part in the cavity, at least substantially simultaneously with or after the clamping of the material by the first clamping part and the second clamping part, the means preferably comprising hydraulic or pneumatic means.
  • A particularly advantageous embodiment of the invention utilizes the great force which can be exerted with a wedge to achieve the additional grip, and is characterized in that the at least one additional clamping part is provided with at least one bevel and that the cavity is provided with a mating bevel, so that, when the additional clamping part is positioned in the cavity, this part is clamped by the mating bevels on the material to be processed.
  • A special embodiment of the invention is characterized in that the central bending head comprises a first head section and a second head section, with the first clamping part forming a whole with the first head section and the second clamping part forming a whole with the second head section, the central bending head thus formed being rotatably fitted with means being provided for the displacement in axial sense of the second head section relative to the first head section for the securing or releasing of the material. The cavity for accepting the at least one additional clamping part may then be made in the joint face of the first clamping part and the second clamping part, comprising in that case a first subcavity in the first clamping part and a second subcavity in the second clamping part, such that the additional part contacts the material to be processed exactly at the joint face, filling at least substantially the combined first subcavity and second subcavity.
  • Since the second, displaceable part of the bending head is normally of a less heavy construction than the first part, a further advantageous embodiment is characterized in that the second subcavity is smaller than the first subcavity, the first and the second subcavities in that case both preferably being provided with a bevel. In this case there is then exactly one additional part, in the operating condition filling at least substantially the combined first and second subcavities, the additional part provided on one side with a profile for part-wise enclosing the material to be bent, and provided on an opposite side with bevels mating with the bevels of the subcavities.
  • A problem that may arise when bending thick-walled tubes is that, owing to the extremely great forces exerted during bending on the first and the second clamping part, these parts may be forced apart, leading to a sub-optimal result. A further very advantageous embodiment of the arrangement is characterized in that the additional clamping part is provided with locking means, for interlocking, when the additional clamping part is positioned in the cavity, the first clamping part and the second clamping part.
  • The locking means may be made to contact internally, by providing a suitable profile on the bevels of the additional clamping part and of the cavity. In an alternative form the locking means may be constructed as a U-shaped profile fastened to the additional clamping part which, when the additional clamping part is positioned, embrace the first and the second clamping parts, to achieve an external lock.
  • The invention will now be further explained with reference to the following figures, where:
  • Fig. 1A
    represents, in side view, a prior art bending arrangement of the first type;
    Fig. 1B
    represents, in top view, the prior art bending arrangement of the first type;
    Fig. 2A
    represents, in side view, a prior art bending arrangement of the second type;
    Fig. 2B
    represents, in top view, the prior art bending arrangement of the second type;
    Fig. 3
    represents, in side view, an embodiment of the bending arrangement of the first type according to the invention;
    Fig. 4
    represents, in side view, an embodiment of the bending arrangement of the second type according to the invention;
    Fig. 5
    represents, in top view, an implementation with an automatically actuated wedge;
    Fig. 6
    represents, in top view, an example of a wedge;
    Fig. 7A
    represents a bending arrangement with internal locking;
    Fig. 7B
    represents, in top view, the bending arrangement with internal locking;
    Fig. 8A
    represents, in side view, a bending arrangement with external locking;
    Fig. 8B
    represents, in top view, the bending arrangement with external locking.
  • Fig. 1A shows, in side view, a prior art bending arrangement of the first type, where a tube 1 can be secured between a central bending head 2 and a clamp 3, and bending head 2 and clamp 3 together with a base 4 can subsequently be rotated around a shaft 5 through a desired angle, thus to achieve a desired bending of tube 1. It is immediately apparent that a grip on tube 1 can only be effected at the sides of the tube, and that consequently the top and bottom are not completely immobilized. A result of this is that tube 1, in spite of the presence of clamp 3, tends to slip to a certain degree during bending. This slippage may adversely affect the accuracy of the product, and moreover cause damage to the tube surface. To avoid this, an additional clamping device is often slid on the tube, which then lies against the central bending head. This provision may in fact reduce the slippage, but on the other hand makes the operation more time-consuming. Fig. 1B shows for clarity the same bending arrangement of the first type in top view, the top view indicating again tube 1, central bending head 2, clamp 3, base 4 and axis of rotation 5. It may be noted that only bends smaller than 180 degrees can be realized with this bending arrangement of the first type.
  • Fig. 2A shows a prior art bending arrangement of the second type in side view, where a tube 1 can be secured between a first head section 6 and a second head section 7 of a divided central bending head, and where the head sections together with base 4 can again be rotated around an axis of rotation 5. As can also be seen from the Fig. 2B top view of this type of bending arrangement, the central bending head has a substantially radial symmetry, whereas the first head section 6 is provided with a first clamping part 8 and the second head section 7 with a second clamping part 9, with clamping parts 8,9 in the operating condition securing tube 1, after which the central bending head can again be rotated about shaft 5, thus to achieve the desired bending of tube 1. A feature of this bending arrangement of the second type is that the tube is clamped at the top and the bottom, and that the sides are not completely immobilized. Therefore also bending arrangements of this type will exhibit slippage. An advantage of this second type of bending arrangement is that angles significantly larger than 180 degrees can be realized, provided that second head section 7 has been constructed such that it can be bodily removed.
  • Fig. 3 shows, in side view, an embodiment of the invention, applied to a bending arrangement of the first type, where in accordance with the invention at the joint face of central bending head 2 and clamp 3 part of the material has been removed, such that two cavities 10,11 are created, into which two wedges 12,13 can be inserted. Wedges 12,13 are provided, on the side facing tube 1, with a profile for part-wise embracing the tube, and on the side facing away from tube 1 with a bevel, preferably mating with bevels of cavities 10,11 such that, when the wedges are inserted into the cavities, the wedges immobilize tube 1. Tube 1 is thus additionally secured, reducing the possibility of slippage. The grip, moreover, is now effected with a more radial symmetry, which significantly reduces the risk of damage to the tube. An additional clamping device is no longer necessary, and it is immediately clear to a person skilled in the art that the insertion of the wedges can easily be automated using, for example, a hydraulic or pneumatic cylinder fitted to base 4. The advantages of the invention are essentially retained if only one cavity and one wedge are employed, with the wall parts lying opposite providing the counterpressure, and contributing to the firmness of the grip. As a grip in that case is still exerted in two mutually perpendicular directions, slippage of the tube is still practically ruled out.
  • Fig. 4 shows, in side view, an embodiment of the invention applied to a bending arrangement of the second type, where in the manner described with reference to Fig. 3 a cavity is made in the joint face of first clamping part 8 and second clamping part 9, into which again a wedge 15 can be inserted to obtain a grip of more radial symmetry.
  • Fig. 5 shows the same embodiment in top view, where for clarity second head section 7 together with the second clamping section 9, with which it forms a whole, is left out. It is furthermore indicated how wedge 15 is inserted into the cavity, via an arm 16, which is rotatably fitted to base 4, the arm 16 in turn being actuated by a hydraulic or pneumatic cylinder 17, which is likewise fitted to base 4. By activating cylinder 17 at least substantially simultaneously with a hydraulic or pneumatic cylinder (not shown, but as such known in the art) effecting the clamping of second head section 7, an instantaneous grip is obtained in two mutually perpendicular directions, which practically removes the risk of the tube that is to be bent sustaining slippage or damage.
  • With a bending arrangement of the second type the second head section 7 is generally of as light a construction as possible, because this part must move during each clamping action, but also because it must be easily removable by hand. It may then be advantageous to make the cavity 14 shown in Fig. 4 such that the subcavity in the lightly constructed second clamping part 9 is smaller than the subcavity in first clamping part 8. Fig. 6 shows an example of a wedge, which consists of two subwedges 19,20 joined together, filling as such the cavity consisting of two different subcavities. In this manner it is still possible to achieve an even additional grip of the tube to be processed at the joint face of first clamping part 8 and second clamping part 9, with first clamping part 8 absorbing the greatest forces.
  • Fig. 7A shows, in side view, a bending arrangement which is likewise provided with a wedge to achieve an additional grip, but with wedge 15 moreover being profiled in the shape of a U-shaped profile 21. The advantage of a profile thus effected is that first clamping part 8 and second clamping part 9 are interlocked as soon as wedge 15 is applied. This totally prevents first clamping part 8 and second clamping part 9 from being forced apart during the actual bending action.
  • Fig. 7B shows the same bending arrangement in top view, where wedge 15 is provided with a profile 21, and where wedge 15 has not yet been inserted into cavity 14. At inserting, profile 21 will first effect a lock of the clamping parts 8,9, and next clamp tube 1 owing to the operation of wedge 15.
  • Fig. 8A shows, in side view, a bending arrangement provided with a lock 22, which is mounted on wedge 15 and which, after wedge 15 has been inserted, externally embraces first clamping part 8 and second clamping part 9, rendering it again impossible for the two clamping parts to be forced apart during the actual bending action. Fig. 8B shows the same bending arrangement in top view, with cavity 14, wedge 15 and lock 22, the lock, with wedge 15 being pressed home, sliding over both clamping parts 8,9.

Claims (16)

  1. Arrangement for bending bar-shaped or tubular material, comprising a central bending head and a clamping device, divisible into a first clamping part and a second clamping part, for accepting and two-sided clamping, and subsequent moving around the central bending head, the material to be bent, characterized in that the clamping device is provided with at least one additional clamping part, for the material to be clamped on more than two sides.
  2. An arrangement as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the at least one additional clamping part at least substantially contacts the material at a joint face between the first clamping part and the second clamping part.
  3. An arrangement as claimed in claim 2, characterized in that at least one clamping part is provided with a cavity for accepting the at least one additional clamping part.
  4. Arrangement as claimed in claim 3, characterized in that means are provided for positioning the at least one additional clamping part in the cavity, at least substantially simultaneously with or after the clamping of the material by the first clamping part and the second clamping part.
  5. Arrangement as claimed in claim 4, characterized in that the means comprise hydraulic or pneumatic means.
  6. Arrangement as claimed in claim 4, characterized in that the at least one additional clamping part is provided with at least one bevel and that the cavity is provided with a mating bevel, so that, when the additional clamping part is positioned in the cavity, this part is clamped by the mating bevels on the material to be processed.
  7. Arrangement as claimed in claim 6, characterized in that the bending head comprises a first head section and a second head section, the head sections together forming the central bending head, with the first clamping part forming a whole with the first head section and the second clamping part forming a whole with the second head section, the central bending head thus formed being rotatably fitted with means being provided for the displacement in axial sense of the second head section relative to the first head section for the securing or releasing of the material.
  8. Arrangement as claimed in claim 7, characterized in that the means comprise hydraulic or pneumatic means.
  9. Arrangement as claimed in claim 6 or 7, characterized in that the cavity comprises a first subcavity in the first clamping part and a second subcavity in the second clamping part.
  10. Arrangement as claimed in claim 9, characterized in that the second subcavity is smaller than the first subcavity.
  11. Arrangement as claimed in claim 9 or 10, characterized in that the subcavities are both provided with a bevel.
  12. Arrangement as claimed in claim 11, characterized in that exactly one additional part is provided, in the operating condition filling at least substantially the combined first and second subcavities, the additional part being provided on one side with a profile for part-wise enclosing the material to be bent, and provided on an opposite side with bevels mating with the bevels of the subcavities.
  13. Arrangement as claimed in claim 6, characterized in that the additional clamping part is provided with locking means, for interlocking, when the additional clamping part is positioned in the cavity, the first clamping part and the second clamping part.
  14. Arrangement as claimed in claim 13, characterized in that the locking means comprise a profile of the bevel of the additional clamping part and a mating profile of the bevel of the cavity, for obtaining an internal locking of the clamping parts.
  15. Arrangement as claimed in claim 14, characterized in that the additional clamping part is provided with a U-shaped profile.
  16. Arrangement as claimed in claim 13, characterized in that the locking means comprise a U-shaped profile fastened to the additional clamping part, the arms of which, when the additional clamping part is positioned, embrace the first clamping part and the second clamping part, for obtaining an external lock.
EP19950203133 1995-04-13 1995-11-16 Bending machine Expired - Lifetime EP0737526B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
NL1000150A NL1000150C1 (en) 1995-04-13 1995-04-13 A device for bending pipes.
NL1000150 1995-04-13

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0737526A1 true true EP0737526A1 (en) 1996-10-16
EP0737526B1 EP0737526B1 (en) 2000-03-29

Family

ID=19760886

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP19950203133 Expired - Lifetime EP0737526B1 (en) 1995-04-13 1995-11-16 Bending machine

Country Status (3)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0737526B1 (en)
DE (2) DE69515985D1 (en)
NL (1) NL1000150C1 (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE10023637A1 (en) * 2000-05-13 2001-12-06 Tracto Technik Dismantlable bending tool has tool elements locked and unlocked by relative rotation essentially in bending plane; locking arrangement effects locking function by friction locking
EP1561522A1 (en) * 2004-02-05 2005-08-10 Bend Holding B.V. Arrangement and method for bending profiles
EP1767285A1 (en) * 2005-09-21 2007-03-28 HDS Hydraulik GmbH & Co. KG Bending tool for hydraulic fittings
FR2922127A1 (en) * 2007-10-15 2009-04-17 Jaubjaub Consulting Sarl Machine has a profile bending and bending tool for such a machine

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE10225895A1 (en) * 2002-06-11 2003-06-26 Bosch Gmbh Robert Pipe bending device has region of pipe at or close to neutral fiber of pipe either side of recess in bending mold
DE102010022879B3 (en) * 2010-06-07 2011-06-22 Wafios AG, 72764 Bending device for bending e.g. pipe, has expansion device transferrable into its expanded condition by movement of clamping jaw against molding groove, where expanded condition of device is reversible during driving of jaw away from groove

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2166986A (en) * 1984-11-07 1986-05-21 Hilmor Limited A workpiece support device for a bending machine

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2166986A (en) * 1984-11-07 1986-05-21 Hilmor Limited A workpiece support device for a bending machine

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE10023637A1 (en) * 2000-05-13 2001-12-06 Tracto Technik Dismantlable bending tool has tool elements locked and unlocked by relative rotation essentially in bending plane; locking arrangement effects locking function by friction locking
DE10023637B4 (en) * 2000-05-13 2007-10-04 Tracto-Technik Paul Schmidt Spezialmaschinen Kg Divisible bending tool
EP1561522A1 (en) * 2004-02-05 2005-08-10 Bend Holding B.V. Arrangement and method for bending profiles
EP1767285A1 (en) * 2005-09-21 2007-03-28 HDS Hydraulik GmbH & Co. KG Bending tool for hydraulic fittings
FR2922127A1 (en) * 2007-10-15 2009-04-17 Jaubjaub Consulting Sarl Machine has a profile bending and bending tool for such a machine
WO2009087297A1 (en) * 2007-10-15 2009-07-16 Jaubjaub Consulting Machine for bending a profile in two bending directions and bending tool
US8616036B2 (en) 2007-10-15 2013-12-31 Eaton Leonard Europe Machine for bending a profile in two bending directions and bending tool

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
EP0737526B1 (en) 2000-03-29 grant
DE69515985T2 (en) 2000-11-02 grant
NL1000150C1 (en) 1996-10-15 grant
DE69515985D1 (en) 2000-05-04 grant

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