EP0730770A1 - Device for recording information on a vehicle's itinerary - Google Patents

Device for recording information on a vehicle's itinerary

Info

Publication number
EP0730770A1
EP0730770A1 EP19950900078 EP95900078A EP0730770A1 EP 0730770 A1 EP0730770 A1 EP 0730770A1 EP 19950900078 EP19950900078 EP 19950900078 EP 95900078 A EP95900078 A EP 95900078A EP 0730770 A1 EP0730770 A1 EP 0730770A1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
data
vehicle
device
characterized
device according
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
EP19950900078
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP0730770B1 (en
Inventor
Wolfgang Dr.Rer.Nat. Herdeg
Andreas Dipl.- Phys. Widl
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Vodafone GmbH
Original Assignee
Vodafone GmbH
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE19934338556 priority Critical patent/DE4338556A1/en
Priority to DE4338556 priority
Application filed by Vodafone GmbH filed Critical Vodafone GmbH
Priority to PCT/DE1994/001342 priority patent/WO1995013594A1/en
Publication of EP0730770A1 publication Critical patent/EP0730770A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP0730770B1 publication Critical patent/EP0730770B1/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07CTIME OR ATTENDANCE REGISTERS; REGISTERING OR INDICATING THE WORKING OF MACHINES; GENERATING RANDOM NUMBERS; VOTING OR LOTTERY APPARATUS; ARRANGEMENTS, SYSTEMS OR APPARATUS FOR CHECKING NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • G07C5/00Registering or indicating the working of vehicles
    • G07C5/008Registering or indicating the working of vehicles communicating information to a remotely located station
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07CTIME OR ATTENDANCE REGISTERS; REGISTERING OR INDICATING THE WORKING OF MACHINES; GENERATING RANDOM NUMBERS; VOTING OR LOTTERY APPARATUS; ARRANGEMENTS, SYSTEMS OR APPARATUS FOR CHECKING NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • G07C5/00Registering or indicating the working of vehicles
    • G07C5/08Registering or indicating performance data other than driving, working, idle, or waiting time, with or without registering driving, working, idle or waiting time
    • G07C5/0841Registering performance data
    • G07C5/085Registering performance data using electronic data carriers
    • G07C5/0858Registering performance data using electronic data carriers wherein the data carrier is removable
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07CTIME OR ATTENDANCE REGISTERS; REGISTERING OR INDICATING THE WORKING OF MACHINES; GENERATING RANDOM NUMBERS; VOTING OR LOTTERY APPARATUS; ARRANGEMENTS, SYSTEMS OR APPARATUS FOR CHECKING NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • G07C9/00Individual entry or exit registers
    • G07C9/00007Access-control involving the use of a pass
    • G07C9/00031Access-control involving the use of a pass in combination with an identity-check of the pass-holder

Abstract

The invention relates to a device installed in a vehicle for recording data on the itinerary taken by the vehicle. The said device comprises: a receiver system for receiving data transmitted by radio for recognizing the vehicle's current position; if required, a processor for processing digitized data on the vehicle's position, and a memory device for the continuous storage of digitized positional data on a data carrier which is protected against overwriting; the memory device also stores data on times, thereby allowing the time at which an individual position of the vehicle has been determined. To facilitate subsequent reconstruction of the itineraries taken by the vehicle without undue technical complication, it is proposed that the data carrier should be easily replaceable and a data reading device should be provided for inputting data which identify the driver and are recorded on the data carrier.

Description

Maps and an example designed as a smart card (IC card) disks on the storage of route data. A computing unit determines the data of the route actually used by the vehicle, causing the storage on the disk, which includes information regarding spent driving time can also be saved. To limit the amount of stored data to a minimum, this facility provides that only identifying index numbers of individual maps (map number) and the paths (path numbers) contained therein, as well as so-called nodes (eg Wegabzweigungen) are used for storage when submitted by the vehicle actually happens v / are orden. There is no record, as long as the current values ​​of the maps no. and the road no. remain unchanged.

This known device is intended solely as a navigational aid for the driver and to this improved and provide more meaningful information (eg with regard to the remaining driving time to destination) when he is traveling the same route again. For traffic regulations monitoring tasks this facility is not provided. It made no statements about whether the media to record the route information installed differently from the other components is not it firmly in the establishment, but is arranged in easily exchangeable form.

consists in particular in the context of industrial by-controlled transport often the desire to detect the distance traveled by a vehicle distances not only quantitatively (length) but also qualitatively (route) in the sense of a logbook and beyond doubt be noted who was driving the vehicle respectively. For example, for special transport of dangerous goods (eg transport of which may not be waived. A Proof of this is now very expensive because it requires the use of appropriate monitoring personnel in the respective vehicle or even of support vehicles.

Conversely, there are geographic areas (eg drinking water protection areas) in which vehicles with water-polluting cargo (eg tankers) generally use is prohibited. A violation of relevant regulations can be found previously only if he is noticed by (random) at the site tätigem monitoring personnel.

Furthermore, it should be noted that it is the operators of larger fleets (eg freight forwarders) have an interest to control the economic use of their transport capacity as well as possible and monitor (fleet management systems). This is what so far when it comes to the actual operation of vehicles, essentially only the company resulting from the law for commercial vehicles tachograph data, which are recorded on tachograph charts. A reconstruction of the actually used the vehicle individual distances is it not possible.

The object of the invention is to further develop a device of the generic type such that the routes used by a vehicle can be reconstructed retrospectively without great effort and unique information are recorded, that allow the detection, who at what time or on we eherrr the vehicle ϋrt 'just-driven.

This object is achieved by the characterizing features of claim 1. Advantageous developments of the invention are specified in the dependent claims 2 to thirteenth

"Device for recording of route information"

The invention relates to a device in a vehicle for recording route information, according to the preamble of claim 1.

In the non vorveröffentl Want patent application DE-P 43 10 099.6 of the applicant means a Nutzungsabrechnungssyste is proposed, which is particularly suitable for use in connection with the billing for a fee-distance network (such as for the AutobahngebUhrenabrechnung). This device is distinguished from other known accounting systems, above all by the fact that billing takes place practically exclusively in the vehicle itself leave any information on the use of a vehicle chargeable road the vehicle. This is made possible by the fact that each have a vehicle - "accounting device is carried, which was purchased from a value credit that on a mobile credit memory (for example, smart card) is guided, and by the driver at any number agency in advance (for example chip card machine), continuously the respective fee according to the applicable tariff for the currently used road section debits. to this end, tariff information available to a storage unit of the device. in order to supply the billing device with the information necessary to detect the current-use fee-track section, it has a receiving system can be received with the example of a satellite navigation system or a Funkpeilsystem information corresponding to the current geographical position of the vehicle or make them be calculated using an arithmetic unit of the device. Further features di e billing device via a memory unit in which the geographic data of so-called identification points are stored, enabling a clear identification of the individual chargeable road sections of the route network. On the receiver system (every second for example) are determined, the data of the currently current geographical vehicle position with high accuracy (for example, 100 m) at regular short intervals. this determined position data are sufficiently close to successive identification points, then it can be closed and carried out automatically debiting a corresponding value from the credit account of the chip card to the traversing of the corresponding chargeable road section. Although this facility very accurately determines the traversed geographical positions of the vehicle, it is explicitly not designed from its spirit and purpose that you save such position data permanently.

From the DF 38 ZS 7Z5 AI a- means for recording is - route information is known, which is used as a navigation device for motor vehicles. This means a receiver system for satellite navigation has to present location (GPS) system. In addition, it has a memory with digitized by the invention is provided, are entered in the all drives a vehicle in a manner allowing subsequent reconstruction of the route during the ride the automatic guidance of "electronic logbook". For this purpose, a device is carried in the vehicle, which is installed as a compact unit or even as a distributed, information technology interconnected modules in the vehicle. An essential part of the device is a receiving system can be received with the wirelessly transmitted information to enable an accurate determination of the just arrived from the vehicle geographic location (eg on the basis of signals from a satellite navigation system such as GPS or GLONASS) or are already present (eg in self-location data already Funkpei1system). Also in the context of a cellular mobile network is accurate location determination could perform. As a particularly preferred to use a satellite navigation system is considered. In this case, the device of the invention is also equipped with a computing unit, which allows calculation of the respective position data based on the received satellite information. As a further essential structural unit, a memory device is provided which allows recording of the digitized geographical vehicle position data on a disk. The latter is easily replaceable and is protected against overwriting of previously recorded data in order to avoid undue subsequent manipulations of stored data. For this purpose, in addition carried out an encryption of the recorded information, which also can be connected to a compression of the data recording still expediently. The latter has the additional advantage that the capacity of the "berrutzteri data carrier is substantially increased. As a data carrier, for example, memory can be used on a magnetic basis such as floppy disks. Particularly suitable are optical storage media (compact disk), with those having only single Beschreibbarkelt (WORM) to be favoured.

In addition to purely geographical position data and the associated time information (time, date) are recorded by the storage device. The position data are preferably determined by the device at regular time intervals (eg, every 5 to 10 seconds). Alternatively, a route-dependent position determination (eg every 100 m) would be possible. In particular, in the first case, which provides a fixed timing, it is not necessary, of course, to store a time information to each position data. It would be possible to calculate the respective associated times for the individual position data using the time clock due to a recording of the start time point of a journey. The time information can be obtained even by a device according to the invention in the built-in clock, or by a corresponding transmit signal from the outside.

In addition, the device of the invention is additionally equipped with a data reading device, which allows to enter data, ensure the identification of the driver of the vehicle. This data is also recorded on the disk that stores the route information. For such a data reading means in particular a smart card reader out of the question. To prevent possible misuse, uche, an additional identification, for example, via an input means of a corresponding keyboard personal gestures he fflkatlonsnum (PTN), or be provided with a fingerprint reader or a voice identification device.

In a review of the fingerprint or the voice of the driver could also be dispensed with a smart card, of course, when the identification data has been stored in a corresponding data memory of the inventive apparatus before.

In an advantageous development of the invention the device may be provided with an interface, can be placed over the current data of the vehicle operation for recording in the memory means. The additionally recorded data can relate, for example to the vehicle speed, the current fuel consumption, the engine speed or similar sizes. This evaluations are possible, for example, the qe the green for a better economic use of transport bi Another interface can be provided on the recorded or recorded data (in particular, the position data) continuously or at specific time Abstänaen (eg every 5 minutes) by a Fa'hrzeug entrained in the communication device, preferably a mobile phone according to the GSM standard, to a receiving point (for example a depot forwarding) is transmitted for evaluation. Thus providing an external targeted influence to be elected route of the vehicle is for example possible. For police check purposes, such as the graph chart of a tachograph, the volume of the inventive device can be read similarly taken out, and to check in a suitable reading device. Can for this purpose has this reader on a digitized road network map so that the route exactly nachv- 1! Be subjected by the recorded Positlonsdateτr be compared with de-stored data of the road network. Instead of taking out the disk but an appropriate interface could also be provided, which allows a readout of the stored data. To prompt the driver data carrier on time (fully described largely dh) to exchange an almost spent against a disk with sufficient free storage capacity, to avoid a loss of data, the inventive device should be provided with a suitable signal means, which is controlled by software and driver alerts you when the capacity limit is liable to be reached soon.

By the following example the invention is explained in more detail:

In a vehicle, a forwarding agent is an inventive route recording apparatus which calculates the current position of the vehicle on the GPS satellite navigation system, at intervals of 5 seconds. The digitized position coordinates are stored together with the respective time at which the location information are incurred on a mobile data carrier in the form of a CD-WORM. In addition to this information can be detected via an interface, the vehicle speed and the current fuel consumption and also stored. In order to reflect the recorded data to the driver of the vehicle is communicated to the device before driving a chip card reader, the identity of the driver, which is apparent from the data on a driver belonging to the respective chip card. The data carrier for recording the route information is easily replaceable and has a large storage volume. Since the route is usually known before starting the journey, the storage requirement can be estimated in time and an appropriate media be used with sufficient free capacity, so that the entire drive is documented on Eden case. Nevertheless, if memory problems occur, a warning can be generated that prompts the driver to remove the disc almost completely described and replace it with a blank disc in time by appropriate software routine. The stored data can be archived after completion of the trip and compared if necessary with a digitized road map. This comparison can be displayed graphically by an appropriate software and will be archived in hard copy.

In development of the invention it is provided that the detected data (in addition to storage) is sent to the central depot of forwarding through an additional interface to a mobile phone according to the GSM standard. There they are made available to an evaluation, so that can be influenced, if appropriate, on the course of driving. For example, a transport of dangerous goods could be controlled in its travel route based on the current traffic situation on such an interface. The GPS and GSM functions are advantageous in a device combined. that the identity of the driver is corrupted, to his detriment, he is liable under some circumstances for damages incurred during the trip to avoid the driver that owns the smart card must, by entering a PIN code via a keyboard before starting a journey to prove his identity. This prevents an unauthorized person travels with a smart card that is not legally in his possession. Thus, the recorded data can not be manipulated, they are stored in encrypted form. At the same time a proper compression is applied to reduce the data volume. The disk is a priori-once (WORM) so that subsequent manipulations are excluded. A manipulation of the interface to the local data acquisition system or on the other interfaces is prevented by corresponding Verplombungsmaßnahmen. In order to enable control of the vehicle during running by the police, an additional interface is provided on the device, which enables a fast read-out of data to travel history. In the known from DE 38 28 725 AI navigation device, the route information is recorded due to the system only for very specific points of a route. This means that a deviation from a predetermined route, for example, the temporary driving on roads which are not listed in the digitized road map can also remain unnoticed as an invalid linger at any point between two (fixed predetermined) recording dots. The device of the invention includes those gaps easily.

Claims

claims
1. A device in a vehicle for recording route information
- for receiving wirelessly transmitted to a receiving system information for identifying the current geographical position of the vehicle,
- if necessary with a computing unit for computing digitized data of the geographical vehicle position and
- with a storage device for continuously storing the digitized geographical vehicle position data on a data carrier, which is protected against overwriting of recorded data, wherein said memory means additionally stores also time information allowing an identification of the respective point in time at which an individual vehicle position was determined,
characterized,
thatthe disk is easily replaceable unά
that a data reading means is provided for inputting data which identify the driver of the vehicle and are recorded on the disk.
2. Device according to claim 1, characterized in that the recording of the data takes place on the data carrier in encrypted form.
3. A device according to any one of claims 1 to 2, characterized in that the data reader is formed as a chip card reader.
4. Device according to one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that via the data reading means, an additional input facility for the driver identifying data, in particular a keyboard for entering a personal identification number (PIN) or fingerprint recognition or a voice identification device is provided.
5. Device according to one of claims 1 to 4, characterized in that the memory device is in the form of a diskette station.
6. Device according to one of claims 1 to 4, characterized in that the memory device is equipped with an optical storage medium, in particular with a compact disk with only one-time Beschrelbbarkelt {CE> -worm.
7. Device according to one of claims 1 to 6, characterized in that the memory means comprises an interface that can use the current data of the vehicle operation, in particular the vehicle speed and / or fuel consumption and / or engine speed and / or detects the like, and is recorded ,
8. Device according to one of claims 1 to 7, characterized in that the digitized data are recorded in compressed form on the disk.
9. Device according to one of claims 1 to 8, characterized in that a signal device is provided which gives the driver a warning signal in time, is liable to be exceeded when the capacity limit of the data carrier.
10. Device according to one of claims 1 to 9, characterized in that the memory device has an interface via which at least a part of the recorded data for test purposes police can be read.
11. Device according to one of claims 1 to 10, characterized in that the device is connected for data transmission with an in-car communication device, in particular a mobile telephone according to the GSM standard, via which the already stored or to be stored data to a receiving site for evaluation can be transmitted.
12. Device according to one of claims 1 to 11, characterized in that the receiving system is adapted to receiving data from a satellite navigation system.
13. Device according to one of claims 1 to 12, characterized in that the receiving system is adapted to the reception of data of a radio beacon system.
EP19950900078 1993-11-08 1994-11-04 Device for recording information on a vehicle's itinerary Expired - Lifetime EP0730770B1 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE19934338556 DE4338556A1 (en) 1993-11-08 1993-11-08 Means for recording route information
DE4338556 1993-11-08
PCT/DE1994/001342 WO1995013594A1 (en) 1993-11-08 1994-11-04 Device for recording information on a vehicle's itinerary

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0730770A1 true EP0730770A1 (en) 1996-09-11
EP0730770B1 EP0730770B1 (en) 1998-01-07

Family

ID=6502382

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP19950900078 Expired - Lifetime EP0730770B1 (en) 1993-11-08 1994-11-04 Device for recording information on a vehicle's itinerary

Country Status (9)

Country Link
US (1) US6141609A (en)
EP (1) EP0730770B1 (en)
JP (1) JPH09506449A (en)
AT (1) AT161989T (en)
AU (1) AU8104494A (en)
BR (1) BR9408004A (en)
DE (1) DE4338556A1 (en)
RU (1) RU2136047C1 (en)
WO (1) WO1995013594A1 (en)

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BR9408004A (en) 1996-12-03
JPH09506449A (en) 1997-06-24
EP0730770B1 (en) 1998-01-07
AU8104494A (en) 1995-05-29
DE4338556A1 (en) 1995-05-11
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WO1995013594A1 (en) 1995-05-18
US6141609A (en) 2000-10-31

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