EP0715037B1 - Thermally insulating, soundproofing, and shock-absorbing modular panel - Google Patents

Thermally insulating, soundproofing, and shock-absorbing modular panel Download PDF

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Publication number
EP0715037B1
EP0715037B1 EP95118666A EP95118666A EP0715037B1 EP 0715037 B1 EP0715037 B1 EP 0715037B1 EP 95118666 A EP95118666 A EP 95118666A EP 95118666 A EP95118666 A EP 95118666A EP 0715037 B1 EP0715037 B1 EP 0715037B1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
panel
panels
characterized
panel according
faces
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
EP95118666A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP0715037A1 (en
Inventor
Alberto Giordani
Original Assignee
Alberto Giordani
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to ITVI940172 priority Critical patent/IT1267884B1/en
Priority to ITVI940172 priority
Application filed by Alberto Giordani filed Critical Alberto Giordani
Publication of EP0715037A1 publication Critical patent/EP0715037A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP0715037B1 publication Critical patent/EP0715037B1/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/74Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls
    • E04B1/88Insulating elements for both heat and sound
    • E04B1/90Insulating elements for both heat and sound slab-shaped
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • E04B1/61Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other
    • E04B1/6108Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other the frontal surfaces of the slabs connected together
    • E04B1/612Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other the frontal surfaces of the slabs connected together by means between frontal surfaces
    • E04B1/6179Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other the frontal surfaces of the slabs connected together by means between frontal surfaces with protrusions and recesses on each frontal surface
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/10Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements of other materials, e.g. fibrous or chipped materials, organic plastics, magnesite tiles, hardboard, or with a top layer of other materials
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/74Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls
    • E04B1/82Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls specifically with respect to sound only
    • E04B1/84Sound-absorbing elements
    • E04B2001/8457Solid slabs or blocks
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/01Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/01Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship
    • E04F2201/0138Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by moving the sheets, plates or panels perpendicular to the main plane
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/09Puzzle-type connections for interlocking male and female panel edge-parts
    • E04F2201/095Puzzle-type connections for interlocking male and female panel edge-parts with both connection parts, i.e. male and female connection parts alternating on one edge

Description

  • The present invention relates to a soundproofing, thermally insulating, and shock-absorbing modular panel, particularly having a rubber base, and to a method for manufacturing it.
  • The field of application of these panels is, particularly but not exclusively, the field of constructions, namely residential and industrial buildings, for the thermal insulation, soundproofing, and shock-absorption of walls, garrets, and floors.
  • Panels of the above mentioned type are known which are formed by a layer of cuttings made of rubber or of mixtures of rubber and rubber with cork that are aggregated by hot molding.
  • In order to manufacture insulating coverings, the conventional panels are usually arranged side by side on a supporting surface so that their respective edges are in mutual contact.
  • A drawback of conventional panels is that they do not ensure stability with respect to the supporting surface, because they can move under the action of mechanical stresses, caused for example by settling of the building, and consequently move mutually apart along their plane of arrangement, because a certain relative play is provided for during installation. This causes wide cracks or gaps to open, causing a significant decrease in the insulating power of the covering.
  • In order to obviate this drawback, known panels are usually fixed to the supporting surface by glueing or with metal screws and staples.
  • It is evident that this solution, too, entails the drawback of a considerable increase in time and costs for the installation of conventional panels, which is usually performed by specialized workers.
  • Prior art document US-4,287,693 discloses an interlocking rubber mat as defined in the preamble of claim 1.
  • WO-A-9 115 631 discloses a process for producing a railroad crossing means in which resilient moldings are used as track crossings and wherein the molding has a rubber surface layer which is bonded to a body formed fro scrap rubber.
  • DE-A-1 720 116 discloses the use of rubber granules for flooring panels.
  • GB-A-2 057 354 discloses a floor covering in which rubberised cork granules are used.
  • The aim of the present invention is to eliminate the drawbacks described above by providing a modular insulating panel that features quick installation and allows to reduce laying costs.
  • An object of the invention is to provide a manufacturing method that allows to automatically obtain modular panels of the above mentioned type that have a high quality standard and a low cost.
  • This aim, this object, and others which will become apparent hereinafter are achieved by a modular insulating panel according to the accompanying claim 1.
  • The panel according to the invention reduces laying costs considerably, allowing to achieve coverings that feature perfect mechanical stability, thermal insulation, and soundproofing without having to resort to glueing, mechanical anchoring, and/or sealing operations.
  • Further characteristics and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the following description of a preferred but not exclusive embodiment of a panel according to the invention, illustrated only by way of non-limitative example in the accompanying drawings, wherein:
  • Figure 1 is a partially sectional perspective view, taken along a transverse plane, of two identical panels according to the invention, disengaged from each other;
  • Figure 2 is a perspective view of the panel according to a further aspect of the invention;
  • Figures 3 to 8 are, respectively, schematic views of still further embodiments of a detail of the panel according to the invention.
  • With reference to the above figures, the modular panels according to the invention are preferably but not exclusively used for the construction of coverings and floorings of a known type.
  • Figure 1 illustrates a portion of a covering, which shows two modular panels according to the invention that are generally designated by the reference numerals 1 and 1' and are mutually coupled along their edges.
  • Reference is made, for the description, to panels that have a substantially rectangular plan shape, but this shape may vary and be for example square, hexagonal, circular, et cetera, without thereby abandoning the scope of the invention.
  • Panel 1 includes a main body 2 formed by at least one layer of rubber or by a mixture of rubber, rubber-cork, and other materials that have insulating properties, in cuttings, with resins and/or binders and fire-retardant substances.
  • In order to increase the thermal insulation power of the panel, the mixture can include granules of foamed clay, of the "Leca" type, in a proportion that is variable according to the desired final characteristics.
  • Body 2 of panel 1 has two substantially flat and parallel faces 3 and peripheral edges 4 that allow its coupling in series to other co-planar panels of the same type.
  • According to a particular characteristic of the invention, edges 4 have a connecting means 5 that is suitable to prevent relative sliding and mutual spacing of panels 1 and 1' along the common plane of arrangement.
  • Connecting means 5 includes at least one longitudinal protrusion 6 adapted to engage at least one longitudinal recess 7' that is formed correspondingly along the edge of the adjacent panel 1'.
  • Protrusion 6 and recess 7' are shaped so as to generate, on the coupled panels 1 and 1', opposite lateral forces that are suitable to keep in mutual contact edges 4, 4' of the panels.
  • By virtue of this configuration, edge 4 of panel 1 has, in a position that is adjacent to protrusion 6, a recess 7 that is identical and symmetrical with respect to recess 7' formed on panel 1'. Likewise, edge 4' of panel 1' has a protrusion 6', in a position that is adjacent to recess 7'. Protrusion 6' is identical and symmetrical with respect to protrusion 6 of panel 1. In this manner, it is possible to couple edges 4 and 4' of the respective panels 1 and 1' regardless of their orientation.
  • More specifically, in a first embodiment, shown in Figure 1, protrusion 6 is substantially continuous along the entire perimeter of the panel and includes an end portion 8, which is substantially perpendicular to faces 3 of the panel, and an intermediate connecting portion 9, which is substantially parallel to faces 3.
  • Preferably, the average thickness s of protrusion 6 is approximately equal to half of the maximum thickness S of the panel. In this manner, by coupling edges 4 and 4' of the two panels 1 and 1', the panels are co-planar and their faces are perfectly aligned and form no steps.
  • After the mutual connection of the adjacent panels 1 and 1', the respective protrusions 6 and recesses 7 apply a mechanical action that prevents the relative sliding of panels 1 and 1' along the common plane of arrangement and simultaneously provide an excellent and substantially uniform insulation even in the joint regions, without necessarily requiring glueing or filling of the joints.
  • Advantageously, this configuration of edges 4 and 4' allows to compensate for small errors in the shape and size of the panels, facilitating mutual coupling during installation.
  • It is noted that, although protrusion 6 is preferably provided directly during the production of panel 1, it can also be formed subsequently, before installation, by mechanically removing a portion of the peripheral edges, without thereby abandoning the scope of the invention.
  • Protrusions 6 and recesses 7 are constituted by discontinuous parts that have, for example, a substantially dovetail plan shape with radiused corners.
  • The panel according to the invention can include stiffening parts, not shown in the drawings, that are embedded in the base material. These stiffening parts can, for example, be constituted by wires or laminar metallic frames, or by textile fibers, which cooperate with the base material to constitute a composite unit that is substantially self-supporting.
  • Conveniently, provision is made for impregnating the panel with fire-retardants mixed in with the base material, and/or for covering the surfaces with a film of fire-resistant material.
  • A method for manufacturing thermally insulating and soundproofing panels of the above described type includes the following steps:
    • preparation of a mixture of rubber, cork, foamed clay, and similar materials in cuttings, with resins and/or binders and/or fire-retardants;
    • preparation of a mold whose shape is suitable to obtain the connecting means along the edges of the panel;
    • placing, in the mold, a uniform layer of the mixture that has a controlled thickness;
    • closing and heating the mold until an at least partial crosslinking of the resins and the possible vulcanization of the rubber are achieved.
  • As an alternative, provision is made for depositing in the mold, prior to closure, an additional unitary layer of rubber in the crude state to obtain a panel in which at least one face is impermeable to liquids and highly wear-resistant.
  • The base material is mixed and deposited in the mold with automatic machines to achieve uniformity in the composition of the panel, a substantially uniform thickness, and a mass per unit volume that is substantially constant in every point.
  • This method allows to obtain a panel with high-level insulating characteristics that is easy to install 1 and offers perfect mechanical stability, thermal insulation, and soundproofing.
  • The panel according to the invention is susceptible of numerous modifications and variations, all of which are within the scope of the inventive concept expressed in the accompanying claims.
  • Where technical features mentioned in any claim are followed by reference signs, those reference signs have been included for the sole purpose of increasing the intelligibility of the claims and accordingly, such reference signs do not have any limiting effect on the scope of each element identified by way of example by such reference signs.

Claims (7)

  1. A thermally insulating, shock-absorbing, and soundproofing modular panel, particularly for house, civil, and industrial building, comprising a main body (2) that is formed by at least one layer of cuttings made of rubber, rubber-cork, and/or foamed clay and/or similar materials, and substantially flat faces (3) and substantially straight peripheral edges (4) for mutual coupling with other adjacent co-planar panels (1') of the same type, said peripheral edges (4) having connecting means (5) adapted to prevent the mutual spacing of the panels (1, 1') on their common plane of arrangement, the stepped peripheral edges of adjacently arranged panels mutually overlapping along the entire contact region of the adjacent panels, so as to prevent liquid leakages between the panels, said connecting means (5) comprising, on each panel, at least one longitudinal protrusion (6) adapted to engage in a longitudinal and complementarily shaped recess (7') formed along the edge (4') of an adjacent panel (1'), wherein said longitudinal protrusion (6) and said recess (7') are of finite length and have a substantially dovetail shape in respect of the plan view of the panel, with sharp or radiused corners, and that both the base and the outer edges of the recesses along one stepped edge of the panel are set back from the edge of the panel, and the corresponding projections on the other edge of the panel extend outwardly past the abutting lower face of the stepped edge.
  2. The panel according to claim 1, characterized in that said longitudinal protrusion (6) and said recess (7') are shaped so as to generate, on adjacent panels (1, 1'), upon their coupling, opposite transverse forces that are suitable to keep the edges (4, 4') of said panels in mutual contact and with perfect insulation.
  3. The panel according to claim 1, characterized in that the average thickness (s) of said protrusion (6) is approximately equal to half of the maximum thickness (S) of said main body (2).
  4. The panel according to claim 1, characterized in that said protrusion (6) has an end portion (8) that lies substantially at right angles to the faces (3) and an intermediate portion (9) that is substantially parallel to said faces (3).
  5. The panel according to claim 1, characterized in that said main body (2) comprises stiffening parts that are embedded in the base material so as to constitute a substantially self-supporting unit.
  6. The panel according to claim 5, characterized in that said stiffening parts are constituted by natural or synthetic flexible fibers and/or by rigid or semirigid wirelike and/or laminar frames.
  7. The panel according to claim 1, characterized in that said main body (2) comprises at least one second unitary layer of vulcanized rubber that faces said at least one layer of cuttings, to make said panel impermeable to liquids on at least one of the faces (3).
EP95118666A 1994-11-29 1995-11-28 Thermally insulating, soundproofing, and shock-absorbing modular panel Expired - Lifetime EP0715037B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
ITVI940172 IT1267884B1 (en) 1994-11-29 1994-11-29 insulating modular panel acoustic damping to quick assembly and fabrication method of the same.
ITVI940172 1994-11-29

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0715037A1 EP0715037A1 (en) 1996-06-05
EP0715037B1 true EP0715037B1 (en) 2003-07-09

Family

ID=11425616

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP95118666A Expired - Lifetime EP0715037B1 (en) 1994-11-29 1995-11-28 Thermally insulating, soundproofing, and shock-absorbing modular panel

Country Status (3)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0715037B1 (en)
DE (2) DE69531227T2 (en)
IT (1) IT1267884B1 (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6497079B1 (en) 2000-03-07 2002-12-24 E.F.P. Floor Products Gmbh Mechanical panel connection
US6647689B2 (en) 2002-02-18 2003-11-18 E.F.P. Floor Products Gmbh Panel, particularly a flooring panel
US8997430B1 (en) 2010-04-15 2015-04-07 Spanolux N.V.-Div. Balterio Floor panel assembly
US9103126B2 (en) 2011-03-18 2015-08-11 Inotec Global Limited Vertical joint system and associated surface covering system
US9334657B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-05-10 Flooring Industries Limted, Sarl Floor covering

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BE1010487A6 (en) 1996-06-11 1998-10-06 Unilin Beheer Bv Floor covering, consisting of hard floor panels and method for manufacturing such floor panels.
DE19718319C2 (en) * 1997-04-30 2000-06-21 Erich Manko A flooring element
ITVI980065A1 (en) * 1998-03-30 1999-09-30 Tecnogomma Di Giordani Alberto Process and plant for the continuous production of panels in conglomerate predominantly elastomeric
SE514645C2 (en) 1998-10-06 2001-03-26 Perstorp Flooring Ab Flooring material comprising sheet-shaped floor elements intended to be joined by the separate joining profiles
AT222634T (en) * 1999-06-30 2002-09-15 Akzenta Paneele & Profile Gmbh Panel and fixing system for panels
DE19929896B4 (en) * 1999-06-30 2009-07-30 Akzenta Paneele + Profile Gmbh Fixing system for panels
DE29911462U1 (en) 1999-07-02 1999-11-18 Akzenta Paneele & Profile Gmbh Fixing system for panels
DE10001076C1 (en) 2000-01-13 2001-10-04 Huelsta Werke Huels Kg Panel element to construct floor covering; has groove and spring on opposite longitudinal sides and has groove and tongue on opposite end faces, to connect and secure adjacent panel elements
KR20030001375A (en) 2000-03-07 2003-01-06 이.에프.피. 플로어 프러덕츠 푸스뵈덴 게엠베하 Mechanical connection of panels
SE518184C2 (en) 2000-03-31 2002-09-03 Perstorp Flooring Ab Flooring material comprising sheet-shaped floor elements which are joined by interconnection means
FR2815678B1 (en) * 2000-10-25 2003-09-19 Polytech Device panel assembly
DE10138285A1 (en) 2001-08-10 2003-03-06 Akzenta Paneele & Profile Gmbh Panel and fastening system for panels
DE10161637C1 (en) * 2001-12-14 2003-01-02 Dieckhoff Peter Roof insulating plate comprises a tapering form-locking groove in one plate which engages in a tapering form-locking bar of another plate
FR2836523B1 (en) 2002-02-28 2008-07-18 Saint Gobain Assemlblage of elements, including glass
US8375673B2 (en) * 2002-08-26 2013-02-19 John M. Evjen Method and apparatus for interconnecting paneling
US8429873B2 (en) 2008-10-15 2013-04-30 Timothy P. Devine, JR. Modular construction panels, systems, and methods of installation
US8640391B2 (en) 2008-10-16 2014-02-04 Hill-Rom Services, Inc. Modular architectural room system
EP2524091B1 (en) 2010-01-14 2019-04-03 Unilin, BVBA Floor panel assembly
DE102010004717A1 (en) 2010-01-15 2011-07-21 Pergo (Europe) Ab Set of panels comprising holding profiles with a separate clip, and methods for introducing the clips
GB2478907A (en) * 2010-03-22 2011-09-28 Avencroft Ltd Modular construction panel formed from recycled rubber particles
BR112012026551A2 (en) 2010-05-10 2016-07-12 Pergo Europ Ab panel set
RU2506383C1 (en) * 2012-06-13 2014-02-10 Алексей Викторович Сашкин System of rough raised floor cover
US20160069085A1 (en) * 2013-04-12 2016-03-10 Tarkett Gdl Floor Covering
CN104929270B (en) * 2015-07-02 2017-03-01 江苏工程职业技术学院 A building lightweight partition plate and connecting method
DE102017005725A1 (en) * 2017-06-14 2018-12-20 Gonon Isolation Ag (Sa) Thermal insulation board for laying on the façade outside of buildings
DE102017127585A1 (en) * 2017-11-22 2019-05-23 Het Elastomertechnik Gmbh Fire retardant rail chamber filling element and elastomer molding

Citations (1)

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EP0150865A2 (en) * 1984-02-02 1985-08-07 Thermodach Dachtechnik Gmbh Heat insulation panels put upon rafters

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EP0150865A2 (en) * 1984-02-02 1985-08-07 Thermodach Dachtechnik Gmbh Heat insulation panels put upon rafters

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6497079B1 (en) 2000-03-07 2002-12-24 E.F.P. Floor Products Gmbh Mechanical panel connection
US9334657B2 (en) 2000-06-20 2016-05-10 Flooring Industries Limted, Sarl Floor covering
US6647689B2 (en) 2002-02-18 2003-11-18 E.F.P. Floor Products Gmbh Panel, particularly a flooring panel
US8997430B1 (en) 2010-04-15 2015-04-07 Spanolux N.V.-Div. Balterio Floor panel assembly
US9476208B2 (en) 2010-04-15 2016-10-25 Spanolux N.V.—Div. Balterio Floor panel assembly
US9103126B2 (en) 2011-03-18 2015-08-11 Inotec Global Limited Vertical joint system and associated surface covering system
US10000935B2 (en) 2011-03-18 2018-06-19 Inotec Global Limited Vertical joint system and associated surface covering system

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
ITVI940172A1 (en) 1996-05-29
IT1267884B1 (en) 1997-02-18
EP0715037A1 (en) 1996-06-05
DE69531227T2 (en) 2004-04-22
DE69531227D1 (en) 2003-08-14
ITVI940172D0 (en) 1994-11-29

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