New! View global litigation for patent families

EP0662248A4 - Energy storage device and methods of manufacture - Google Patents

Energy storage device and methods of manufacture

Info

Publication number
EP0662248A4
EP0662248A4 EP19930921652 EP93921652A EP0662248A4 EP 0662248 A4 EP0662248 A4 EP 0662248A4 EP 19930921652 EP19930921652 EP 19930921652 EP 93921652 A EP93921652 A EP 93921652A EP 0662248 A4 EP0662248 A4 EP 0662248A4
Authority
EP
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
includes
electrodes
cell
microprotrusions
device
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
EP19930921652
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP0662248A1 (en )
Inventor
K C Tsai
Robert R Tong
James M Poplett
Alan B Mcewen
Gary E Mason
Mark L Goodwin
Ronald L Anderson
James P Nelson
Douglas Cromack
Davy Wu
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Pacific ShinFu Technologies Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Pinnacle Research Institute Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01GCAPACITORS; CAPACITORS, RECTIFIERS, DETECTORS, SWITCHING DEVICES OR LIGHT-SENSITIVE DEVICES, OF THE ELECTROLYTIC TYPE
    • H01G9/00Electrolytic capacitors, rectifiers, detectors, switching devices, light-sensitive or temperature-sensitive devices; Processes of their manufacture
    • H01G9/155Double-layer capacitors
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01GCAPACITORS; CAPACITORS, RECTIFIERS, DETECTORS, SWITCHING DEVICES OR LIGHT-SENSITIVE DEVICES, OF THE ELECTROLYTIC TYPE
    • H01G11/00Hybrid capacitors, i.e. capacitors having different positive and negative electrodes; Electric double-layer [EDL] capacitors [EDLCs]; Processes specially adapted for the manufacture thereof or of parts thereof
    • H01G11/04Hybrid capacitors
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/04Construction or manufacture in general
    • H01M10/0413Large-sized flat cells or batteries for motive or stationary systems with plate-like electrodes
    • H01M10/0418Large-sized flat cells or batteries for motive or stationary systems with plate-like electrodes with bipolar electrodes
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M2/00Constructional details or processes of manufacture of the non-active parts
    • H01M2/02Cases, jackets or wrappings
    • H01M2/0202Cases, jackets or wrappings for small-sized cells or batteries, e.g. miniature battery or power cells, batteries or cells for portable equipment
    • H01M2/0207Flat-shaped cells or batteries of flat cells
    • H01M2/0212Flat-shaped cells or batteries of flat cells with plate-like or sheet-like terminals
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M2/00Constructional details or processes of manufacture of the non-active parts
    • H01M2/02Cases, jackets or wrappings
    • H01M2/08Sealing materials
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M2/00Constructional details or processes of manufacture of the non-active parts
    • H01M2/14Separators; Membranes; Diaphragms; Spacing elements
    • H01M2/16Separators; Membranes; Diaphragms; Spacing elements characterised by the material
    • H01M2/1673Electrode-separator combination
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M4/00Electrodes
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M4/00Electrodes
    • H01M4/02Electrodes composed of or comprising active material
    • H01M4/04Processes of manufacture in general
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M4/00Electrodes
    • H01M4/02Electrodes composed of or comprising active material
    • H01M4/04Processes of manufacture in general
    • H01M4/0402Methods of deposition of the material
    • H01M4/0404Methods of deposition of the material by coating on electrode collectors
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M4/00Electrodes
    • H01M4/02Electrodes composed of or comprising active material
    • H01M4/04Processes of manufacture in general
    • H01M4/0402Methods of deposition of the material
    • H01M4/0409Methods of deposition of the material by a doctor blade method, slip-casting or roller coating
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M4/00Electrodes
    • H01M4/02Electrodes composed of or comprising active material
    • H01M4/04Processes of manufacture in general
    • H01M4/0402Methods of deposition of the material
    • H01M4/0416Methods of deposition of the material involving impregnation with a solution, dispersion, paste or dry powder
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M4/00Electrodes
    • H01M4/02Electrodes composed of or comprising active material
    • H01M4/04Processes of manufacture in general
    • H01M4/0402Methods of deposition of the material
    • H01M4/0419Methods of deposition of the material involving spraying
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M4/00Electrodes
    • H01M4/02Electrodes composed of or comprising active material
    • H01M4/04Processes of manufacture in general
    • H01M4/0402Methods of deposition of the material
    • H01M4/0421Methods of deposition of the material involving vapour deposition
    • H01M4/0428Chemical vapour deposition
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M4/00Electrodes
    • H01M4/02Electrodes composed of or comprising active material
    • H01M4/04Processes of manufacture in general
    • H01M4/0438Processes of manufacture in general by electrochemical processing
    • H01M4/045Electrochemical coating; Electrochemical impregnation
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M4/00Electrodes
    • H01M4/02Electrodes composed of or comprising active material
    • H01M4/04Processes of manufacture in general
    • H01M4/0471Processes of manufacture in general involving thermal treatment, e.g. firing, sintering, backing particulate active material, thermal decomposition, pyrolysis
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M4/00Electrodes
    • H01M4/02Electrodes composed of or comprising active material
    • H01M4/36Selection of substances as active materials, active masses, active liquids
    • H01M4/58Selection of substances as active materials, active masses, active liquids of inorganic compounds other than oxides or hydroxides, e.g. sulfides, selenides, tellurides, halogenides or LiCoFy
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M6/00Primary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M6/42Grouping of primary cells into batteries
    • H01M6/46Grouping of primary cells into batteries of flat cells
    • H01M6/48Grouping of primary cells into batteries of flat cells with bipolar electrodes
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M2/00Constructional details or processes of manufacture of the non-active parts
    • H01M2/36Arrangements for filling, topping-up or emptying cases with or of liquid, e.g. for filling with electrolytes, for washing-out
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M4/00Electrodes
    • H01M4/02Electrodes composed of or comprising active material
    • H01M4/04Processes of manufacture in general
    • H01M4/0438Processes of manufacture in general by electrochemical processing
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GASES [GHG] EMISSION, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/10Energy storage
    • Y02E60/13Ultracapacitors, supercapacitors, double-layer capacitors

Abstract

A dry preunit (10), includes a plurality of cells (110, 112, 114) in a true bipolar configuration, which are stacked and bonded together, to impart to the device an integral and unitary construction. Each cell (114) includes two electrically conductive electrodes (111A, 111B) that are spaced apart by a predetermined distance. The cell (114) also includes two identical dielectric gaskets (121, 123) that are interposed, in registration with each other, between the electrodes (111A, 111B), for separating and electrically insulating these electrodes. When the electrodes (111A, 111B), and the gaskets (121, 123) are bonded together, at least one fill gap (130) is formed for each cell. Each cell (114) also includes a porous and conductive coating layer (119, 120) that is formed on one surface of each electrode. The coating layer (119) includes a set of closely spaced-apart peripheral microprotrusions (125), and a set of distally spaced-apart central microprotrusions (127). These microprotrusions (125, 127) impart structural support to the cells, and provide additional insulation between the electrodes. An energy storage device (10A) such as a capacitor, is created with the addition of an electrolyte to the gap (130) of the dry preunit (10) and subsequent sealing of the fill ports.
EP19930921652 1992-09-18 1993-09-17 Energy storage device and methods of manufacture Withdrawn EP0662248A4 (en)

Priority Applications (7)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US07947414 US5384685A (en) 1992-09-18 1992-09-18 Screen printing of microprotrusions for use as a space separator in an electrical storage device
US947414 1992-09-18
US07947294 US5464453A (en) 1992-09-18 1992-09-18 Method to fabricate a reliable electrical storage device and the device thereof
US947294 1992-09-18
US95850692 true 1992-10-07 1992-10-07
US958506 1992-10-07
PCT/US1993/008803 WO1994007272A1 (en) 1992-09-18 1993-09-17 Energy storage device and methods of manufacture

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0662248A1 true EP0662248A1 (en) 1995-07-12
EP0662248A4 true true EP0662248A4 (en) 2000-10-25

Family

ID=27420717

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP19930921652 Withdrawn EP0662248A4 (en) 1992-09-18 1993-09-17 Energy storage device and methods of manufacture

Country Status (5)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0662248A4 (en)
JP (1) JPH08501660A (en)
CN (1) CN1127771C (en)
CA (1) CA2144657A1 (en)
WO (1) WO1994007272A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5522851A (en) * 1994-12-06 1996-06-04 Ventritex, Inc. Capacitor for an implantable cardiac defibrillator
EP0726611B1 (en) * 1994-12-30 2000-01-26 CSI RICERCA APPLICATA MONTEDISON Srl A method of forming a lead acid bipolar battery electrode having a peripheral sealing frame and relevant product
DE69514640D1 (en) * 1994-12-30 2000-02-24 Edison Termoelettrica Spa Sealing and packaging method for a bipolar lead-acid battery using the polyolefin-containing material, and to this effect product
FR2788377B1 (en) * 1999-01-11 2001-04-13 Europ Accumulateurs bipolar element has protective layer and lead storage battery comprising such element
EP2290737B1 (en) 2003-09-18 2015-03-11 Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation High performance energy storage devices
CN101023501A (en) * 2004-08-13 2007-08-22 孙民兴 Energy-storage device manufacturing method for enhancing manufacturing efficiency and production reliability
NL1033281C2 (en) 2006-07-21 2008-01-22 Exsilent Res Bv Hearing aid, expansion unit, and a method for manufacturing a hearing aid.
CN105788872A (en) 2006-12-12 2016-07-20 联邦科学及工业研究组织 Improved energy storage device
JP5315256B2 (en) 2007-03-20 2013-10-16 コモンウェルス サイエンティフィック アンドインダストリアル リサーチ オーガナイゼーション Optimized energy storage device
CN101335130B (en) 2008-07-21 2011-09-28 钰邦电子(无锡)有限公司 Manufacturing method of multi-chip type multilayered capacitor
JP5680528B2 (en) 2009-04-23 2015-03-04 古河電池株式会社 Preparation and lead-acid battery of the negative electrode plate for a lead storage battery
US9401508B2 (en) 2009-08-27 2016-07-26 Commonwealth Scientific And Industrial Research Organisation Electrical storage device and electrode thereof
JP5711483B2 (en) 2009-08-27 2015-04-30 古河電池株式会社 Preparation and lead-acid battery of the composite capacitor negative plate for a lead storage battery
JP5797384B2 (en) 2009-08-27 2015-10-21 古河電池株式会社 Composite capacitor negative plate and lead-acid battery for a lead storage battery
CN101937749B (en) * 2010-07-14 2015-12-09 陕西宏星电器有限责任公司 Chip potentiometer through-hole printing method with high precision fine-pitch sheet Dalian
JP2012133959A (en) 2010-12-21 2012-07-12 Commonwealth Scientific & Industrial Research Organisation Composite capacitor negative electrode plate for lead storage battery, and lead storage battery
KR20140018267A (en) * 2011-03-04 2014-02-12 디멘드 에너지 네트워크스, 인코포레이티드 Electrodes, batteries, electrode production methods, and battery production methods
CN104271880A (en) * 2011-05-24 2015-01-07 快帽系统公司 Power system for high temperature applications with rechargeable energy storage
KR20130015502A (en) * 2011-08-03 2013-02-14 솔브레인 주식회사 Manufacturing device for current collector for electrochemical device and current collector for electrochemical device manufactured by using same
US9685677B2 (en) 2011-10-24 2017-06-20 Advanced Battery Concepts, LLC Bipolar battery assembly
CN104025225B (en) * 2011-11-03 2017-06-09 英特尔公司 Microelectronic components and energy storage system architecture, the method for manufacturing the support structure and the storage structure comprising a tank structure

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3804673A (en) * 1969-10-10 1974-04-16 Adriana Neil Butler Sea water battery casing for minimizing intercell short circuits
US4764181A (en) * 1985-01-24 1988-08-16 Ube Industries Ltd. Process for producing an electrolytic capacitor
WO1992007371A1 (en) * 1990-10-12 1992-04-30 Motorola, Inc. Capacitive power supply

Family Cites Families (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4052271A (en) * 1965-05-12 1977-10-04 Diamond Shamrock Technologies, S.A. Method of making an electrode having a coating containing a platinum metal oxide thereon
DE3143995C2 (en) * 1981-11-05 1992-08-20 Preh-Werke Gmbh & Co Kg, 8740 Bad Neustadt, De
DE3314624A1 (en) * 1983-04-22 1984-10-25 Varta Batterie Air-cell
WO1985000463A1 (en) * 1983-07-05 1985-01-31 Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Aluminum electrolytic capacitor and method of manufacture thereof
JPH0222982B2 (en) * 1984-01-18 1990-05-22 Toshiba Battery
JPS60253207A (en) * 1984-05-30 1985-12-13 Toshiba Kk Method of producing capacitor
JPH07105316B2 (en) * 1985-08-13 1995-11-13 エルナー株式会社 Electric double layer capacitor for the polarizable electrodes and a manufacturing method thereof
US4800142A (en) * 1986-05-05 1989-01-24 General Motors Corporation Electric storage battery
US5032426A (en) * 1989-05-15 1991-07-16 Enthone, Incorporated Method and apparatus for applying liquid coatings on the surface of printed circuit boards
JPH0748453B2 (en) * 1989-08-23 1995-05-24 いすゞ自動車株式会社 Electric double layer capacitor
US5116695A (en) * 1990-05-08 1992-05-26 Alupower, Inc. Deferred actuated battery assembly system
US5116701A (en) * 1991-02-22 1992-05-26 Eveready Battery Company, Inc. Microporous separator composed of microspheres secured to an electrode strip

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3804673A (en) * 1969-10-10 1974-04-16 Adriana Neil Butler Sea water battery casing for minimizing intercell short circuits
US4764181A (en) * 1985-01-24 1988-08-16 Ube Industries Ltd. Process for producing an electrolytic capacitor
WO1992007371A1 (en) * 1990-10-12 1992-04-30 Motorola, Inc. Capacitive power supply

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
See also references of WO9407272A1 *

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
WO1994007272A1 (en) 1994-03-31 application
CA2144657A1 (en) 1994-03-31 application
CN1127771C (en) 2003-11-12 grant
EP0662248A1 (en) 1995-07-12 application
JPH08501660A (en) 1996-02-20 application
CN1096611A (en) 1994-12-21 application

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3536963A (en) Electrolytic capacitor having carbon paste electrodes
US6187061B1 (en) Supercapacitor structure and method of making same
US5094928A (en) Modular fuel cell assembly
US6576365B1 (en) Ultra-thin electrochemical energy storage devices
US6627252B1 (en) Electrochemical double layer capacitor having carbon powder electrodes
US4761352A (en) Accordian folded electrode assembly
US5859761A (en) Electric double-layer capacitor
US6631074B2 (en) Electrochemical double layer capacitor having carbon powder electrodes
US5072337A (en) Electrical double-layer capacitor
US4048397A (en) Method and apparatus for interconnecting stacked electrodes of batteries
US4731305A (en) Cylindrical bipolar electrode battery
US6097587A (en) Electric double layer capacitor
US6643119B2 (en) Electrochemical double layer capacitor having carbon powder electrodes
US4389470A (en) Laminar cells and batteries
US5121301A (en) Electric double layer capacitor
US5136474A (en) Proton exchange membrane electrochemical capacitors
US5142451A (en) Electric double layer capacitor
US5367431A (en) Thin power supply unit
US5072335A (en) Electrical double-layer capacitor
Liu et al. All‐Solid‐State Electric Double‐Layer Capacitor with Isotropic High‐Density Graphite Electrode and Polyethylene Oxide/LiClO4 Polymer Electrolyte
US5786981A (en) Basic cell for an electric double layer capacitor
US4889777A (en) Secondary battery and method of manufacturing the same
US6493209B1 (en) Stackable electrochemical capacitor cells
JP2001351688A (en) Complex element of cell and capacitor
US6343003B1 (en) Capacitor element and battery cell

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AK Designated contracting states:

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): AT BE CH DE DK ES FR GB GR IE IT LI NL PT SE

17P Request for examination filed

Effective date: 19950413

A4 Despatch of supplementary search report

Effective date: 20000912

AK Designated contracting states:

Kind code of ref document: A4

Designated state(s): AT BE CH DE DK ES FR GB GR IE IT LI NL PT SE

RIC1 Classification (correction)

Free format text: 7H 01M 2/08 A, 7H 01M 2/18 B, 7H 01M 6/12 B, 7H 01M 6/32 B, 7H 01G 9/04 B, 7B 05D 1/32 B, 7H 01M 2/16 B, 7H 01M 4/04 B, 7H 01M 6/48 B, 7H 01M 10/04 B

RAP1 Transfer of rights of an ep published application

Owner name: PACIFIC SHINFU TECHNOLOGIES, CO., LTD.

17Q First examination report

Effective date: 20011227

RAP1 Transfer of rights of an ep published application

Owner name: ULTRACAP TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION

18D Deemed to be withdrawn

Effective date: 20050630