EP0637923B1 - Shelves, shelving or partitioning system - Google Patents

Shelves, shelving or partitioning system Download PDF

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Publication number
EP0637923B1
EP0637923B1 EP19940904951 EP94904951A EP0637923B1 EP 0637923 B1 EP0637923 B1 EP 0637923B1 EP 19940904951 EP19940904951 EP 19940904951 EP 94904951 A EP94904951 A EP 94904951A EP 0637923 B1 EP0637923 B1 EP 0637923B1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
shelving
shelves
characterized
partitioning system
bearer
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
EP19940904951
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP0637923A1 (en
Inventor
Joachim Tillack
Original Assignee
TILLACK, Joachim
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE9302558U priority Critical
Priority to DE9302558U priority patent/DE9302558U1/en
Application filed by TILLACK, Joachim filed Critical TILLACK, Joachim
Priority to PCT/DE1994/000046 priority patent/WO1994019989A2/en
Publication of EP0637923A1 publication Critical patent/EP0637923A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP0637923B1 publication Critical patent/EP0637923B1/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47BTABLES; DESKS; OFFICE FURNITURE; CABINETS; DRAWERS; GENERAL DETAILS OF FURNITURE
    • A47B87/00Sectional furniture, i.e. combinations of complete furniture units, e.g. assemblies of furniture units of the same kind such as linkable cabinets, tables, racks or shelf units
    • A47B87/02Sectional furniture, i.e. combinations of complete furniture units, e.g. assemblies of furniture units of the same kind such as linkable cabinets, tables, racks or shelf units stackable ; stackable and linkable
    • A47B87/0207Stackable racks, trays or shelf units
    • A47B87/0253Shelves stackable by means of vertical parts integrated or already fixed to the shelves, the parts not being frames or made of tubes or wire

Abstract

Shelves, a shelving or partitioning system are designed so that the individual modular units may be rigidly interconnected both when they are stacked and when they are assembled next to each other. For that purpose, the U-shaped modular units (1) have pocket holes (7) at least approximately centered with respect to the narrow sides (6) of the bearing elements (5). The stacked modular units (1) may be interconnected by linking elements (12) insertable into the pocket holes (7).

Description

  • The present invention relates to a shelf, shelving system or room divider according to the preamble of claim 1.
  • In such a shelf system known from DE-A-22 39 239, the U-shaped module units each have two cutouts in the form of a circular segment on the freely ending narrow sides, the height of which is smaller than the radius of the associated circle. A connecting element in the form of an axis with a central recess, the radius of which corresponds to that of the cutouts and the width of which is adapted to the wall thickness of the module units, can be inserted into the cutouts. By stacking two module units in such a way that their freely ending narrow sides lie opposite one another, the corresponding cutouts of the two module units form a circular section of the size of the puncture sections of the connecting elements. The two module units are thus kept at a short distance from one another and are fixed in position laterally, forwards and backwards.
  • In this known system, shelves can be created from two module units which are adjacent to each other by the narrow sides, by placing such two-unit units with their base parts on top of one another or with their side walls next to one another. A connection of two-on-one or side-by-side units are not provided. Larger, in particular high, shelf walls of this design are therefore unstable and additional measures must be taken to prevent the shelf from wobbling, swaying or even collapsing under greater loads.
  • The object of the present invention is to achieve a shelf, a shelving system or a room divider of the type mentioned in such a way that a rigid connection of the individual module units is ensured both when stacking on one another and when assembling next to one another. The shelf, shelving system or the room divider should therefore have a high stability even with greater loads. Furthermore, the shelf, shelving system or the room divider should be able to be produced as far as possible from commercially available, in particular environmentally friendly, material.
  • This object is achieved by the features of claim 1.
  • Due to the special design and arrangement of the blind holes and the provided connecting elements, an efficient, accurate and non-slip assembly is guaranteed without any additional aids and at the same time a multitude of shelf designs is made possible, since the module units can be used in different positions.
  • The shelving, shelving system or room divider can also be set up in a short time without special knowledge. Nevertheless, a high level of stability and thus also a high load capacity of such a shelf, shelf system or room divider is made possible.
  • It is already known from DE-A-26 07 210 for the production of assembly furniture in box form to provide square panels made of plywood in all four end faces with a plurality of blind holes offset from one another and chamfering the end edges at both edges by 45 °. Rods bent at an angle serve as connecting elements there. In order to create a stable shelf or a stable wall unit, a large number of connecting elements is necessary, since only one anchoring in one direction is possible with one connecting element, however an anchoring in two directions is always required.
  • Furthermore, from EP-A-0 394 891 a device for the presentation of goods packaging is known, which consists of two elements, one of which is designed as a U-shaped housing open at the front and rear and the other as a shelf that can be inserted into the housing. In this case, the housing has an upper cover plate and side walls adjoining this, as well as inward-facing standing strips adjoining the lower end of the side walls. The material of the housing is so thin that it is not inherently rigid. The necessary rigidity, which does not have to be very great due to the low weight of the empty packaging, is given to the housing only by the inserted base, which in turn is designed as a plate with a rear bend upwards and a front U-shaped bend downwards. to get sufficient rigidity.
  • In contrast, in the present invention, each module unit consists of only one U-shaped frame part, whose material thickness is so great that it inherently has sufficient rigidity to prevent the base plate from bending even when loaded with heavy books. This known device gives no indication to the person skilled in the art to arrive at the invention.
  • Furthermore, EP-A-0 024 013 discloses a stackable shelf with fixed shelf inserts and support columns, the ends of the support columns being attachable to the corners of the shelf inserts, in which the support column consists of an intermediate column, coupling parts at each end of this intermediate column and out there is a corner piece which can be plugged onto the shelf insert from below and has leg-shaped holding parts which pass through corresponding cutouts in the corner region of the shelf inserts, the corner piece having base plates which carry the shelf inserts.
  • The shelf disclosed in this publication does not even have the module units which are characteristic of the present invention and are designed as U-shaped frame parts, so that there is a completely different generic term which is not comparable to the claimed invention.
  • Finally, it is known from FR-A-20 63 621 to design a rack that can be dismantled and quickly assembled so that it consists of a multiplicity of elements with an H-shaped cross section, each of which has two mutually parallel side walls and a horizontal contact surface between them . The mutually parallel side walls have groove-shaped recesses or corresponding ribs around these H-shaped elements according to the principle To be able to connect tongue and groove with each other. The individual module units do not consist of a rigid U-shaped frame with the possibility of relieving the tongue and groove connections against excessive force, nor is there any possibility of connecting adjacent module units on the same level.
  • Further advantageous details of the invention are specified in the subclaims and are described in more detail below with reference to the exemplary embodiments illustrated in the drawing.
  • Show it:
  • Fig. 1
    2 shows a perspective view of a U-shaped module unit with connecting elements in an exploded view,
    Fig. 2
    a front view of module sections in the area of their respective connections,
    Fig. 3
    the perspective view of a support plate and the
    Fig. 4
    a shelf view with different usable module units.
  • In Fig. 1, 1 represents a module unit in a U-shape. It consists of a base plate 2 with support legs 5 provided on the lateral ends 3 and 4 and perpendicular to the base plate 2.
  • At least two blind holes 7 are provided on the free narrow side 6 of the support legs 5, the central axes 8 of which run perpendicular to the base plate 2. They are preferably on or in the region of the center line 9 of the narrow side 6 and are attached as far apart as possible. If necessary, the blind holes 7 can be reinforced with a stiffening sleeve 10 to increase stability, as can be seen from FIG. 2.
  • In an extension of the central axes 8 of the blind holes 7 of the narrow sides 6 of the support legs 5, similar blind holes 7 are also provided on the opposite side 11, which also forms the outside of the base plate 1, as can be seen more clearly from the cuts according to FIG. 2.
  • Rod-shaped connecting elements 12 are used to connect module units 1 to be arranged one above the other. These have an upper and lower rod or pin 13 or 14 and a middle molded-on, loose or press-fit spacer collar 15. The rods or pins 13, 14 can also be designed accordingly Openings of the spacer collar 15 can be inserted, pressed in or screwed in.
  • If the spacer collar 15 is round in shape, its outer diameter 16 is at most as large as the wall thickness 17 of the support legs 5. The spacer collar 15 can also be square or rectangular, in which case its width corresponds at most to the thickness of the wall thickness 17.
  • In order to connect module units 1 to be arranged next to one another, there are H-shaped connecting elements 18 intended. The H-legs 19 of the same are designed in accordance with the rod-shaped connecting elements 12 and therefore have a central spacing collar 15 and rods or pins 13, 14 projecting upwards or downwards rigidly connected.
  • The diameter of the rods or pins 13, 14 is matched to that of the blind holes 7, so that they can be inserted or driven in quickly, without play or in a press fit. The plugging together and the interconnection of module units arranged one above the other and next to one another can be seen from FIG. 2. At the same time, it can also be seen there that a module unit other than the inverted "U" can be attached to a U-shaped module unit, so that a considerably larger free space is created.
  • The base plate 2 and the support legs 5 of the module units 1 preferably have a uniform depth 21. The height H of the support legs 5 and the length L of the base plates 2 of the module units 1 can in principle be dimensioned differently. However, they are always dimensioned so that a coherent construction is possible.
  • In particular, the height H of the support legs 5, plus the height h of each spacer collar 15, is dimensioned such that the total heights H + h of different module units are in relation to one another as 1: 1.5 or 1: 2 or 1: 3 or the like. As a result, modular units 1 of different heights can be arranged next to one another, but they always coincide after a predetermined height in a common horizontal connecting line W (see FIG. 4), so that adjacent units are always rigid are interconnectable. At a height h of 1.6 cm of the spacer collars 15, the height of the support legs 5 is, for example, 24 cm, 36.8 cm or 75.2 cm.
  • Correspondingly, different lengths L of differently designed module units 1 are chosen such that the length L of a base plate 2, plus the length A of a spacer web 20, that is, the total length L + A of different module units 1, such as 1: 1.5 to 1: 2 behave. This ensures that continuous vertical support walls T (see FIG. 4) can be formed from support legs 5 located one above the other when stringing together different module units 1.
  • The wall thickness 17 of the support legs 5 and the base plates 2 is preferably chosen to be the same. It is preferably approximately 10 mm to 40 mm, in particular approximately 20 mm, or a corresponding standard dimension that deviates therefrom.
  • The diameter 16 or the width of the spacer collars 15 is approximately 70% to 110%, in particular approximately 90% to 100%, of the wall thickness 17 of the support legs 5.
  • The height h of a spacer collar 15 corresponds to approximately 70% to 120%, in particular approximately 80% to 90%, of the wall thickness 17 of the support legs 5.
  • The length A of the spacer webs 20 is preferably such that the distance a obtained between two supporting legs 5 of adjacent module units 1 is approximately 70% to 120%, in particular 80% to 90%, of the wall thickness 5. In particular, the length A is equal to or approximately equal to the height h of the spacer collars 15.
  • The connecting elements 12, 18 of the foot elements 22 are preferably made of metal, in particular aluminum.
  • As shown in FIG. 2, rod-shaped foot elements 22 can be provided which have a spacer collar 15 and rods or pins 13, 14. The upper rod or pin 13 can be inserted into a blind hole 7 and the lower rod or pin 14 into a preferably pot-shaped adjusting foot 23. One or both of the rods or pins 13, 14 can have an internal or external thread into or onto which the adjusting foot 23 can be screwed or screwed. This enables height adjustment when setting up the shelf, shelving system or room divider. The adjusting foot 23 can expediently be widened downwards and outwards, in particular be widened conically. This gives a large footprint 24.
  • The length of the rods or pins 13, 14 of the connecting elements 12 and 18 and of the foot elements 22 is approximately 70% to 200% of the wall thickness 17. The blind holes 7 are made correspondingly deep.
  • The distance 25 between two blind holes 7 is approximately 90% to 60% of the depth 21 of a module unit. At least one further blind hole, in particular symmetrical to these two blind holes 7, can be provided between two blind holes 7 arranged in this way.
  • Any high-quality, commercially available, durable and, as far as possible, environmentally friendly material of high stability can be used as the material for the module units. In particular, they consist of solid wood, veneered chipboard or plywood. Base plate 2 and support leg 5 are appropriately mortised, for example by wooden or metal pins or by appropriate grooving of the end edges.
  • A module unit 1 can also be designed as a cabinet unit S in that a door leaf 26 or two door leaves 26 is or are hinged to a support leg 5 or to both support legs 5. Such a door leaf 26 can also be attached to the base plate 2.
  • Furthermore, one or more module unit (s) 1 can be provided with at least one drawer 27.
  • In addition, a support plate 28 can be provided, which is the size of a base plate 2 and has through-holes 29 with the same diameter as the blind holes of the module units at the locations assigned to the blind holes 7 of the correspondingly large module unit. The thickness of the support plates 28 preferably corresponds to the wall thickness 17 of the base plates 2.
  • Shelves, shelf systems or room dividers designed according to the invention are inherently stable and can therefore be placed anywhere in a room, in particular also used as room dividers. The individual module units are freely interchangeable, with no tools being required for such an exchange. All connecting elements are designed as plug-in parts that are easy to produce and operate.

Claims (23)

  1. Shelves, shelving or partitioning system which consists of a number of equal or similar module units (1) which may be arranged one above the other and/or in a row side by side and are connected detachably together by connector elements (12, 18), each module unit (1) being constructed as a U-shaped frame part of which the baseplate (2) exhibits at each end a bearer-arm (5) set perpendicular to the baseplate (2) and exhibiting in its narrow face (6) at its free end recesses which correspond with recesses in a module unit (1) next to it vertically and in which connector elements (12, 18) may be inserted by which module units (1) capable of being stacked one above the other are connected detachably together and located in position, characterized by the following features:
    - each recess in the narrow faces (6) at the free ends is made as a blind hole (7) which extends perpendicularly to the baseplate (2);
    - the blind holes (7) are placed centrally or at least approximately centrally in the narrow face (6) of the bearer-arm (5);
    - in prolongation of the centrelines (8) of the blind holes (7) present in the narrow faces (6) at the free ends of the bearer-arms (5) further blind holes (7) are in each case provided in the face (11) of the bearer-arm (5) lying opposite the narrow face (6) at the respective free end;
    - those module units (1) which are to be arranged one above the other are connected detachably together by connector elements (12) in the form of rods which are inserted in the blind holes (7) and exhibit in the middle region a spacer-collar (15) the outer diameter or width (16) of which is equal to or less than the wall thickness (17) of the bearer-arms (5);
    - those module units (1) which may be arranged in a row side by side are connected detachably together by H-shaped connector elements (18);
    - the arms (19) of the H-shaped connector elements (18) exhibit in the middle region spacer-collars (15) which are moulded or pushed on and connected rigidly together by a spacer-strut (20).
  2. Shelves, shelving or partitioning system as in Claim 1, characterized in that module units (1) are provided, of which the bearer-arms (5) have different heights (H) and the heights of which plus the height (h) of one spacer collar (15) in each case, that is, the total height (H+h), are in the ratio of 1:1,5 to 1:3.
  3. Shelves, shelving or partitioning system as in Claim 1 or 2, characterized in that module units (1) are provided, of which the baseplates (2) have different lengths (L) and the lengths (L) of which plus the length (A) of one spacer-strut (20) in each case, that is, the total length (L+A), are in the ratio of 1:1,5 to 1:3.
  4. Shelves, shelving or partitioning system as in one of the Claim 1 to 3, characterized in that the baseplates (2) and the bearer-arms (5) exhibit about the same wall thickness (17).
  5. Shelves, shelving or partitioning system as in Claim 4, characterized in that the wall thickness (17) of the baseplate (2) amounts to about 10 mm to 40 mm, especially about 20 mm.
  6. Shelves, shelving or partitioning system as in one of the Claims 1 to 5, characterized in that the diameter (7a) of the blind holes (7) amounts to about 20% to 80%, especially about 35% to 60% of the wall thickness (17) of the baseplate (2).
  7. Shelves, shelving or partitioning system as in one of the Claims 1 to 6, characterized in that each blind hole (7) is lined with a stiffening sleeve (10).
  8. Shelves, shelving or partitioning system as in one of the Claims 1 to 7, characterized in that the height (h) of a spacer-collar (15) amounts to about 70% to 120%, especially about 80% to 90% of the wall thickness (17) of the baseplate (2).
  9. Shelves, shelving or partitioning system as in one of the Claims 1 to 8, characterized in that the length (A) of a spacer-strut (20) amounts to about 70% to 120%, especially about 80% to 90% of the wall thickness (17) of the baseplate (2).
  10. Shelves, shelving or partitioning system as in one of the Claims 1 to 9, characterized in that the length (A) of a spacer-strut (20) is about equal to the height (h) of a spacer-collar (15).
  11. Shelves, shelving or partitioning system as in one of the Claims 1 to 10, characterized in that at least one of the module units (1) exhibits a doorplate (26) hinged to one or to each of the two bearer-arms (5).
  12. Shelves, shelving or partitioning system as in one of the Claims 1 to 11, characterized in that at least one of the module units (1) exhibits at least one drawer (27).
  13. Shelves, shelving or partitioning system as in one of the Claims 1 to 12, characterized in that it exhibits at least one bearer-plate (28) of the size and wall thickness of a baseplate (2), which at places corresponding with those where the blind holes (7) are provided, for example, in a baseplate (2), exhibits holes (29) of the same diameter drilled through it.
  14. Shelves, shelving or partitioning system as in one of the Claims 1 to 13, characterized in that the connector elements (12,18,22) consist of metal, especially of aluminium.
  15. Shelves, shelving or partitioning system as in one of the Claims 1 to 14, characterized in that foot-elements (22) are provided in the form of rods and each exhibits a collar (15) so that one of its rods (13) may be plugged into a blind hole (7) and a positioning-foot (23) may be slipped onto its other rod (14) or screwed onto or into it so as to be adjustable for height, by at least one of the rods (13 or 14) having a correspondingly formed thread.
  16. Shelves, shelving or partitioning system as in Claim 15, characterized in that the positioning foot (23) widens downwards, especially conically, into a larger bearing area (24).
  17. Shelves, shelving or partitioning system as in Claim 15 or 16, characterized in that the positioning-foot (23) is made potshaped.
  18. Shelves, shelving or partitioning system as in one of the Claims 1 to 17, characterized in that the rod length of the connector-elements (12,18) and foot-elements (22) corresponds with 70% to 200% of the wall thickness (17) of the module units (1).
  19. Shelves, shelving or partitioning system as in one of the Claims 1 to 18, characterized in that the distance apart (25) of two blind holes (7) corresponds with about 90% to 60% of the depth (21) of a module unit (1).
  20. Shelves, shelving or partitioning system as in Claim 19, characterized in that between two blind holes (7) at least one more blind hole (7) is made, especially symmetrically with respect to them.
  21. Shelves, shelving or partitioning system as in Claim 20, characterized in that the module units (1) consist of solid wood, veneered chipboard or plywood.
  22. Shelves, shelving or partitioning system as in Claim 21, characterized in that the baseplate (2) is mortised to the bearer-arms (5).
  23. Shelves, shelving or partitioning system as in one of the Claims 1 to 22, characterized in that with a height (h) of the spacer-collar (15) of 1,6 cm the height (H) of the bearer-arms (5) amounts to 24 cm, 36,8 cm or 75,2 cm.
EP19940904951 1993-02-23 1994-01-22 Shelves, shelving or partitioning system Expired - Lifetime EP0637923B1 (en)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE9302558U 1993-02-23
DE9302558U DE9302558U1 (en) 1993-02-23 1993-02-23 Shelf, shelving system or room divider
PCT/DE1994/000046 WO1994019989A2 (en) 1993-02-23 1994-01-22 Shelves, shelving or partitioning system

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0637923A1 EP0637923A1 (en) 1995-02-15
EP0637923B1 true EP0637923B1 (en) 1996-05-29

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP19940904951 Expired - Lifetime EP0637923B1 (en) 1993-02-23 1994-01-22 Shelves, shelving or partitioning system

Country Status (6)

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US (1) US5492399A (en)
EP (1) EP0637923B1 (en)
CA (1) CA2118008C (en)
DE (1) DE9302558U1 (en)
ES (1) ES2088702T3 (en)
WO (1) WO1994019989A2 (en)

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US5492399A (en) 1996-02-20
CA2118008A1 (en) 1994-09-15
DE9302558U1 (en) 1994-03-03
CA2118008C (en) 2004-11-02
EP0637923A1 (en) 1995-02-15
WO1994019989A3 (en) 1995-01-12
ES2088702T3 (en) 1996-08-16
WO1994019989A2 (en) 1994-09-15

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