EP0634252B1 - Pocket knife with a lockable blade having a push-button unlocking means - Google Patents

Pocket knife with a lockable blade having a push-button unlocking means Download PDF

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Publication number
EP0634252B1
EP0634252B1 EP19930810494 EP93810494A EP0634252B1 EP 0634252 B1 EP0634252 B1 EP 0634252B1 EP 19930810494 EP19930810494 EP 19930810494 EP 93810494 A EP93810494 A EP 93810494A EP 0634252 B1 EP0634252 B1 EP 0634252B1
Authority
EP
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
blade
knife
push button
strip
unlocking means
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
EP19930810494
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP0634252A1 (en )
Inventor
Jacques Jobin
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Wenger SA
Original Assignee
Wenger SA
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26BHAND-HELD CUTTING TOOLS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B26B1/00Hand knives with adjustable blade; Pocket knives
    • B26B1/02Hand knives with adjustable blade; Pocket knives with pivoted blade
    • B26B1/04Hand knives with adjustable blade; Pocket knives with pivoted blade lockable in adjusted position
    • B26B1/046Hand knives with adjustable blade; Pocket knives with pivoted blade lockable in adjusted position with a locking member acting in axial direction parallel to the pivot axis of the blade
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26BHAND-HELD CUTTING TOOLS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B26B1/00Hand knives with adjustable blade; Pocket knives
    • B26B1/02Hand knives with adjustable blade; Pocket knives with pivoted blade
    • B26B1/04Hand knives with adjustable blade; Pocket knives with pivoted blade lockable in adjusted position
    • B26B1/048Hand knives with adjustable blade; Pocket knives with pivoted blade lockable in adjusted position with a locking member being slidable or movable along the handle

Description

  • La présente invention concerne couteau de poche à lame verrouillable comprenant un moyen de déverrouillage à bouton-poussoir. The present invention relates to lockable pocket knife blade comprising a push button release means.
  • Plusieurs couteaux de poche de types connus permettent de verrouiller la lame en position sortie. Several known types of pocket knives are used to lock the blade in the extended position. L'utilisation du couteau est ainsi plus aisée et plus sûre. The use of the knife is thus easier and safer. Un premier moyen de verrouillage de type connu consiste en une lamelle latérale pivotante comprenant une portion avant servant de moyen de blocage et une portion arrière servant de bras de levier afin de faire s'approcher ou s'éloigner la portion avant. A first known type of locking means consists of a pivoting lateral sipe comprising a front portion serving as locking means and a rear portion serving as a lever arm in order to approach or move away from the front portion. Pour déverrouiller la lame du couteau, l'utilisateur appuie sur la portion arrière de la lamelle, ce qui désengage la portion avant et libère la lame. To unlock the knife blade, the user presses on the rear portion of the lamella, which disengages the front portion and releases the blade. L'effort appliqué par l'utilisateur est concentré sur une surface très mince qui a tendance à pénétrer dans le peau, rendant l'utilisation incommodante. The force applied by the user is focused on a very thin surface that tends to penetrate the skin, making use unpleasant. Un tel couteau comprend une encoche latérale permettant d'avoir accès à la portion arrière de la lamelle. Such a knife comprises a lateral notch enabling access to the rear portion of the lamella. Cette encoche empêche qu'on puisse disposer d'autres outils sur cette portion du couteau. This notch prevents you could have other tools on this portion of the knife. De plus, la lamelle utilisée est très longue et occupe une place importante dans le boîtier du manche du couteau. In addition, the strip used is very long and has an important place in the handle housing of the knife. Il existe aussi un moyen de verrouillage plus compact, permettant de loger des outils sur une portion du manche. There is also a more compact locking means for accommodating tools on a portion of the handle. Un poussoir de déverrouillage latéral disposé à la portion avant du manche permet d'éloigner la lamelle afin de libérer la lame du couteau. A side release button disposed at the front portion of the handle allows it away the strip to release the knife blade. Pour fonctionner, le poussoir doit être proéminent du bord latéral du manche et offrir un bras de levier suffisamment long pour minimiser l'effort nécessaire pour le déverrouillage. To function, the button must be prominent from the side edge of the handle and provide a long enough lever to minimize the effort required for unlocking. Le point d'appui est donc relativement éloigné du manche. The fulcrum is relatively remote from the handle. Cette conformation présente des risques d'égratignures pour l'utilisateur ou encore des risques d'abîmer les poches des vêtements. This configuration presents risks scratches to the user or the risk of damaging the pockets of clothing. De plus, le poussoir latéral nécessite une certaine place à la partie avant du manche, où un autre outil ne peut donc pas être disposé. In addition, the side button requires some way to the front of the neck, where another tool can not be arranged. Un autre type de couteau de type connu comprend une lamelle latérale de verrouillage dont la partie avant peut être déplacée parallèlement à l'axe de pivotement de la lame. Another type of known type knife comprises a lateral locking strip whose front part can be moved parallel to the pivot axis of the blade. En position de repos, la lamelle est en contact avec la lame et la bloque; In the rest position, the lamella is in contact with the blade and the block; lorsque l'utilisateur appuie sur la lamelle, la lame est libérée et peut être rétractée. when the user presses the blade, the blade is released and can be retracted. Ce type de couteau nécessite également une encoche latérale afin de donner accès à la lamelle. This type of knife also requires a lateral notch to provide access to the strip. Il est donc encore une fois impossible d'optimiser la disposition des outils dans le cas d'un couteau multifonctions. So it is again impossible to optimize the available tools in the case of a multi-function knife.
  • Le document US-A-4 985 998 décrit un couteau de poche à lame verrouillable comportant les caractéristiques du préambule de la revendication 1. US-A-4 985 998 discloses a pocket knife with lockable blade having the features of the preamble of claim 1.
  • Le but principal de la présente invention est de proposer un couteau de poche à lame verrouillable comprenant un moyen de verrouillage permettant d'éviter ces inconvénients. The main object of the present invention is to provide a pocket knife blade comprising a lockable locking means for avoiding these drawbacks. Ce but est atteint grâce aux moyens revendiqués. This object is achieved by the claimed methods.
  • Le couteau de poche à lame déverrouillable selon la présente invention comprend un moyen de déverrouillage offrant l'avantage d'être très compact. Pocket knife releasable blade according to the present invention comprises a release means with the advantage of being very compact. Aucun élément (exception faite de la lamelle de verrouillage) n'est disposé latéralement le long du manche du couteau. Any member (except for the locking slide) is arranged laterally along the handle of the knife. Ceci est particulièrement avantageux pour un couteau multi-fonctions, qui dispose ainsi d'un maximum de possibilités pour répartir les différents outils. This is particularly advantageous for a multi-function knife, which thus has a maximum opportunity to distribute the different tools. Le poussoir très légèrement proéminent est discret et facile à utiliser et ne présente pas de risque d'égratignures pour l'utilisateur ou encore de risque d'abîmer les poches des vêtements. The slightly protruding button is discreet and easy to use and presents no risk of scratches to the user or risk damaging the pockets of clothing.
  • L'invention sera maintenant décrite à l'aide de la description qui suit et du dessin qui l'illustre, à titre d'exemple, et dans lequel: The invention will now be described with the aid of the following description and drawings which illustrate, by way of example, and wherein:
    • la fig. FIG. 1 représente une coupe longitudinale de la portion centrale d'un couteau à lame verrouillable avec moyen de déverrouillage selon la présente invention, en la avec lame verrouillée, en 1b avec lame déverrouillée; 1 shows a longitudinal section of the central portion of a locking blade knife with unlocking means according to the present invention, in the locked with blade, 1b with unlocked blade;
    • la fig. FIG. 2 représente une coupe transversale (selon la ligne II-II de la fig. 1a) de la portion centrale d'un couteau à lame verrouillable avec moyen de déverrouillage selon la présente invention, en 2a avec lame verrouillée, en 2b avec lame déverrouillée. 2 shows a cross section (according to line II-II of Fig. 1a) of the central portion of a locking blade knife with unlocking means according to the present invention, in locked 2a with blade, 2b with unlocked blade.
  • Les fig. FIGS. 1a et 2a illustrent un couteau à lame verrouillable, avec moyen de déverrouillage selon la présente invention, dont la lame est verrouillée en position sortie. 1a and 2a illustrate a locking blade knife, with unlocking means according to the present invention, the blade is locked in the extended position. Le couteau comprend une lame 4, avec une portion coupante, dont le côté plat définit un plan, appelé ici "plan de la lame". The knife includes a blade 4 with a cutting portion, the flat side defines a plane, referred to herein as the "leaf plane". La lame pivote autour d'un pivot 5, sensiblement perpendiculaire au plan de la lame et situé à la jonction entre la lame et le manche. The blade pivots about a pivot 5, substantially perpendicular to the blade plane and located at the junction between the blade and the handle. Il comprend également une lamelle de verrouillage 2 à ressort de type connu, disposée latéralement le long du manche du couteau dans un plan sensiblement parallèle au plan de la lame. It also includes a locking strip 2 to a known type of spring, disposed laterally along the knife handle in a plane substantially parallel to the blade plane. L'embout 2a de la lamelle de verrouillage 2 coopère avec un point d'ancrage 6 de la lame 4, lorsque cette dernière est en position sortie; The tip 2a of the locking strip 2 co-operates with an anchoring point 6 of the blade 4, when the latter is in the extended position; la lame est alors verrouillée dans cette position. the blade is then locked in this position.
  • Il comprend également un moyen de déverrouillage 1, muni d'un bouton-poussoir 10 (fig. 2), d'une lame flexible 11, avantageusement en deux parties réunies par un pivot 11a. It also includes an unlocking means 1 provided with a pushbutton 10 (Fig. 2), a flexible blade 11, advantageously in two parts joined by a pivot 11a. Le bouton-poussoir 10 est disposé dans une des faces latérales 8 du couteau et peut être déplacé selon un axe sensiblement perpendiculaire au plan de la lame. The push button 10 is disposed in one of the side faces 8 and the knife can be moved in a substantially perpendicular to the plane of the blade axis. La lame flexible 11 est disposée sous le bouton-poussoir 10, appuyant contre la face inférieure de celui-ci. The flexible blade 11 is disposed under the push-button 10, pressing against the underside thereof. Une première extrémité de la lame flexible repose contre un point d'appui 7 de la lamelle de verrouillage 2. L'autre extrémité est maintenue fixe dans une encoche 3a pratiquée dans la paroi intermédiaire 3 du manche. A first end of the leaf spring rests against a support point 7 of the locking strip 2. The other end is held fixed in a notch 3a made in the intermediate wall 3 of the sleeve. Ainsi, lorsque l'utilisateur appuie sur le bouton-poussoir 10, grâce à un déplacement de ce dernier vers l'intérieur du manche selon un axe sensiblement perpendiculaire au plan de la lame 4, la lame flexible tend à s'écarter; Thus, when the user presses the push-button 10, through a displacement of the latter inwardly of the handle along an axis substantially perpendicular to the plane of the blade 4, the flexible plate tends to depart; l'extrémité libre de celle-ci se déplace suivant un plan sensiblement parallèle à celui de la lame 4 et agit contre la face d'appui 7 pour déplacer la lamelle 2 et libérer l'embout 2a du point d'ancrage 6. La lame 4 est alors libre de pivoter autour du pivot 5. the free end thereof moves in a plane substantially parallel to that of the blade 4 and acts against the bearing surface 7 to move the blade 2 and release the tip 2a of the anchor 6. The blade 4 is then free to pivot about the pivot 5.
  • Les flèches des fig. The arrows of Fig. 2a et 2b illustrent les forces dominantes: 2a and 2b illustrate the dominant forces:
    • En 2a la lame de verrouillage repousse la lame flexible 11 qui maintient le bouton-poussoir en position relevée; In 2a the locking blade pushes the flexible blade 11 which holds the pushbutton in the raised position;
    • en 2b, lorsque l'utilisateur appuie sur le bouton-poussoir, la lamelle 2 est écartée. in 2B, when the user presses on the pushbutton, the slide 2 is discarded.
  • Selon une variante d'exécution, le bouton-poussoir 10 peut comprendre une rainure 10a, pratiquée au niveau de sa face inférieure, afin que la lame flexible 11 puisse s'imbriquer partiellement dans le bouton-poussoir. According to a variant, the pushbutton 10 may include a groove 10a, carried at its underside, so that the flexible plate 11 may be nested partially in the pushbutton.

Claims (3)

  1. A lockable blade pocket knife comprising a blade (4) capable of pivoting about a pivot (5), a blade-locking strip (2) whose tip (2a) can be engaged in an anchoring point (6) of the blade (4), and an unlocking means (1), the said unlocking means including a push button (10) disposed in one of the faces (8) of the knife and being capable of being displaced in a direction substantially perpendicular to the plane of the blade, said displacement of said push button permitting pushing back of the strip (2) in a way to release the tip (2a) from the anchoring point (6), characterized in that the said unlocking means (1) comprises a flexible leaf (11) disposed under the push button (10) and cooperating with the lower face of said push button, the end of the flexible leaf (11) opposite the strip (2) being kept abutting and the movable end resting against a point of support (7) of the blade-locking strip (2) and in that the free end of the said flexible leaf (11) is displaced in a plane essentially parallel to that of the blade (4) causing the strip (2) to move under the effect of the said displacement of the said push button.
  2. Pocket knife according to claim 1, wherein said leaf (11) comprises two parts joined by a pivot pin (11a).
  3. Pocket knife according to one of the claims 1 or 2, characterized in that it is designed as a multifunctional knife.
EP19930810494 1993-07-12 1993-07-12 Pocket knife with a lockable blade having a push-button unlocking means Expired - Lifetime EP0634252B1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP19930810494 EP0634252B1 (en) 1993-07-12 1993-07-12 Pocket knife with a lockable blade having a push-button unlocking means

Applications Claiming Priority (9)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
ES93810494T ES2071536T3 (en) 1993-07-12 1993-07-12 Jackknife with lock blade comprising means unlocking pushbutton.
EP19930810494 EP0634252B1 (en) 1993-07-12 1993-07-12 Pocket knife with a lockable blade having a push-button unlocking means
DE1993600058 DE69300058D1 (en) 1993-07-12 1993-07-12 Pocket knife with a blade and a lockable Druckknopfentriegelungsvorrichtung.
DE1993600058 DE69300058T2 (en) 1993-07-12 1993-07-12 Pocket knife with a blade and a lockable Druckknopfentriegelungsvorrichtung.
DK93810494T DK0634252T3 (en) 1993-07-12 1993-07-12 Pocket knife with lockable blade comprising a release means with the push-button
US08265066 US5442855A (en) 1993-07-12 1994-06-28 Pocket knife with lockable blade
CA 2127342 CA2127342C (en) 1993-07-12 1994-07-04 Pocketknife with blade locking mechanism and push-button type blade release
JP15895494A JP2544587B2 (en) 1993-07-12 1994-07-11 Pocket knife with a lockable blade
FI943325A FI104474B (en) 1993-07-12 1994-07-12 comprising a lockable blade pocket knife, which is provided with a push button unlocking device

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0634252A1 true EP0634252A1 (en) 1995-01-18
EP0634252B1 true EP0634252B1 (en) 1995-02-08

Family

ID=8214999

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP19930810494 Expired - Lifetime EP0634252B1 (en) 1993-07-12 1993-07-12 Pocket knife with a lockable blade having a push-button unlocking means

Country Status (8)

Country Link
US (1) US5442855A (en)
EP (1) EP0634252B1 (en)
JP (1) JP2544587B2 (en)
CA (1) CA2127342C (en)
DE (2) DE69300058D1 (en)
DK (1) DK0634252T3 (en)
ES (1) ES2071536T3 (en)
FI (1) FI104474B (en)

Families Citing this family (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5692304A (en) * 1996-07-19 1997-12-02 Cooper Industries, Inc. Locking device for folding tool
FR2776222B3 (en) * 1998-03-18 2000-03-10 Yves Neveux Device for blocking and non-return blade folding knife
US6223372B1 (en) * 1998-08-07 2001-05-01 Launce R. Barber Combination carabiner and tool device
US6282996B1 (en) * 1999-01-29 2001-09-04 Leatherman Tool Group, Inc. Multipurpose locking pliers
US6378745B1 (en) * 2000-09-15 2002-04-30 Dominic R. De Luccia Knife holster for a hand
US6427335B1 (en) 2001-01-08 2002-08-06 Camillus Cutlery Company Folding knife with open position lock
EP1329201B1 (en) * 2002-01-21 2004-11-10 Karl Storz GmbH & Co. KG Medical instrument for hand assisted minimally invasive surgery
US7536788B2 (en) * 2004-04-12 2009-05-26 Gb Ii Corporation Folding knife
US20060248728A1 (en) * 2005-05-05 2006-11-09 Camillus Cutlery Company Safety lock for folding knife
US7353736B2 (en) 2005-07-27 2008-04-08 Leatherman Tool Group, Inc. Enhanced multi-function hand tool
US20080276462A1 (en) * 2007-05-10 2008-11-13 Chih-Chen Kao Foldable knife
US8296958B1 (en) 2008-01-30 2012-10-30 Sog Specialty Knives And Tools, Llc Folding knife with mechanism to reposition back bar
US7913398B2 (en) * 2008-04-29 2011-03-29 Li-Pen Chu Folding knife with an unlocking mechanism
US8286357B2 (en) * 2009-09-18 2012-10-16 Yi Huang Locking mechanism for a folding knife
US8499461B1 (en) 2010-10-26 2013-08-06 Mark Mollick Folding knife blade with dual locking mechanism
US9061426B2 (en) * 2012-06-06 2015-06-23 Milwaukee Electric Tool Corporation Knife
CN103786170B (en) * 2012-10-26 2016-02-10 奥多艾格刀具公司 Having a replaceable blade knife
EP2958714A4 (en) * 2013-02-25 2016-10-19 Mentor Group Llc Knife with ambidextrous actuators and locking mechanism

Family Cites Families (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR493741A (en) * 1918-12-11 1919-08-20 Marcel Teillet Knife opening automatically
US2188762A (en) * 1938-08-15 1940-01-30 Schrade George Pocketknife
US4240201A (en) * 1979-08-13 1980-12-23 Mullin Steven W Folding knife
US4535539A (en) * 1984-03-13 1985-08-20 Jet Aer Corporation Folding knife with safety locking feature
US4670984A (en) * 1986-04-16 1987-06-09 Rickard Thomas A Folding knife
US4947552A (en) * 1989-05-08 1990-08-14 Barnes International Cutlery Folding knife with positive lock
US4985998A (en) * 1989-11-09 1991-01-22 Howard Durvyn M Knife with blade lock

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
FI104474B1 (en) grant
DK0634252T3 (en) 1995-06-06 grant
DE69300058T2 (en) 1995-08-10 grant
ES2071536T3 (en) 1995-06-16 grant
DK634252T3 (en) grant
FI943325A0 (en) 1994-07-12 application
FI943325A (en) 1995-01-13 application
DE69300058D1 (en) 1995-04-06 grant
FI104474B (en) 2000-02-15 application
JPH07144072A (en) 1995-06-06 application
CA2127342C (en) 2001-10-16 grant
CA2127342A1 (en) 1995-01-13 application
EP0634252A1 (en) 1995-01-18 application
FI943325D0 (en) grant
JP2544587B2 (en) 1996-10-16 grant
US5442855A (en) 1995-08-22 grant

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