EP0522206A1 - Detergent compositions containing polyhydroxy fatty acid amide surfactants and a clay softening system - Google Patents

Detergent compositions containing polyhydroxy fatty acid amide surfactants and a clay softening system Download PDF

Info

Publication number
EP0522206A1
EP0522206A1 EP19910201773 EP91201773A EP0522206A1 EP 0522206 A1 EP0522206 A1 EP 0522206A1 EP 19910201773 EP19910201773 EP 19910201773 EP 91201773 A EP91201773 A EP 91201773A EP 0522206 A1 EP0522206 A1 EP 0522206A1
Authority
EP
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
clay
alkyl
detergent composition
fatty acid
preferably
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
EP19910201773
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP0522206B1 (en )
Inventor
André Convents
Alfred Busch
Alastair John Pretty
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Procter and Gamble Co
Original Assignee
Procter and Gamble Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/02Inorganic compounds ; Elemental compounds
    • C11D3/12Water-insoluble compounds
    • C11D3/124Silicon containing, e.g. silica, silex, quartz, glass beads
    • C11D3/1246Silicates, e.g. diatomaceous earth
    • C11D3/1253Layer silicates, e.g. talcum, kaolin, clay, bentonite, smectite, montmorillonite, hectorite, attapulgite
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/38Cationic compounds
    • C11D1/52Carboxylic amides, alkylolamides or imides or their condensation products with alkylene oxides
    • C11D1/525Carboxylic amides (R1-CO-NR2R3), where R1, R2 or R3 contain two or more hydroxy groups per alkyl group, e.g. R3 being a reducing sugar rest
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/38Cationic compounds
    • C11D1/65Mixtures of anionic with cationic compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/66Non-ionic compounds
    • C11D1/662Carbohydrates or derivatives
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/86Ternary Mixtures of anionic, cationic, and non-ionic compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/0005Other compounding ingredients characterised by their effect
    • C11D3/001Softening compositions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/0005Other compounding ingredients characterised by their effect
    • C11D3/001Softening compositions
    • C11D3/0015Softening compositions liquid
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/02Anionic compounds
    • C11D1/12Sulfonic acids or sulfuric acid esters; Salts thereof
    • C11D1/14Sulfonic acids or sulfuric acid esters; Salts thereof derived from aliphatic hydrocarbons or mono-alcohols
    • C11D1/143Sulfonic acid esters
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/02Anionic compounds
    • C11D1/12Sulfonic acids or sulfuric acid esters; Salts thereof
    • C11D1/14Sulfonic acids or sulfuric acid esters; Salts thereof derived from aliphatic hydrocarbons or mono-alcohols
    • C11D1/146Sulfuric acid esters
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/02Anionic compounds
    • C11D1/12Sulfonic acids or sulfuric acid esters; Salts thereof
    • C11D1/22Sulfonic acids or sulfuric acid esters; Salts thereof derived from aromatic compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/38Cationic compounds
    • C11D1/62Quaternary ammonium compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D1/00Detergent compositions based essentially on surface-active compounds; Use of these compounds as a detergent
    • C11D1/66Non-ionic compounds
    • C11D1/72Ethers of polyoxyalkylene glycols

Abstract

Detergent compositions are disclosed, comprising a polyhydroxy fatty acid amide surfactant of the formula:
Figure imga0001

   wherein R¹ is H, C₁-C₄ hydrocarbyl, 2-hydroxy ethyl, 2-hydroxy propyl or a mixture thereof, R² is C₅-C₃₁ hydrocarbyl and Z is a polyhydroxyhydrocarbyl having a linear hydrocarbyl chain with at least 3 hydroxyls connected directly to said chain, or alkoxylated derivatives thereof
   and a clay-softening system.

Description

    Field of Invention
  • The present invention relates to softening through the wash compositions containing a clay softening system.
  • Background of the Invention
  • Clays, in particular smectite clays are known fabric-softening agents, and their use in fabric-softening through the wash has been disclosed in the art. Representative of this art is GB-B-1 400 898. Yet, it is equally well recognized that deposition of these clays is far from complete; in fact, under typical European laundry conditions, less than half of the available clay is deposited onto the fabrics, the remainder being rinsed away with the laundry liquor during the subsequent rinsing steps.
  • One reason for the incomplete deposition has found to be the negative interaction between clay and conventional nonionic surfactants when used at substantial levels (i.e. in excess of 4%) .
  • So far it was therefore necessary to limit the level of nonionic surfactants in clay-containing softening through the wash compositions in order to achieve good softening performance of the clay, or to add a clay-flocculating agnet, such as disclosed in EP-A-299 575.
  • It has now been found that certain polyhydroxy fatty acid amides which act as nonionic surfactant, are better compatible with fabric softening clays .
  • This finding allows to formulate softening through the wash compositions which exhibit better cleaning performance due to the higher levels of nonionic surfactant now affordable, and in better softening performance, due to the increased deposition of clay, without the absolute need for clay-flocculating agents.
  • Background Art on polyhydroxy fatty acid amides
  • A variety of polyhydroxy fatty acid amides have been described in the art. U.S. Patent 2,965,576 and G.B. Patent 809,060 relate to detergent compositions containing anionic surfactants and certain amide surfactants, which can include N-methyl glucamide, added as a low temperature suds enhancing agent.
  • U.S. Patent 2,703,798 relates to aqueous detergent compositions containing the condensation reaction product of N-alkyl glucamine and an aliphatic ester of a fatty acid. The product of this reaction is said to be useable in aqueous detergent compositions without further purification.
  • PCT International Application WO 83/04412 relates to amphiphilic compounds containing polyhydroxyl aliphatic groups said to be useful for a variety of purposes including use as surfactants in cosmetics, drugs, shampoos, lotions, and eye ointments.
  • U.S. Patent 2,982,737 relates to detergent bars containing urea, sodium lauryl sulfate anionic surfactant, and an N-alkylglucamide nonionic surfactant which is selected from N-methyl, N-sorbityl lauramide and N-methyl, N-sorbityl myristamide.
  • Other glucamide surfactants are disclosed, for example in DT 2,226,872, which relates to washing compositions comprising one or more surfactants and builder salts selected from polymeric phosphates, sequestering agents, and washing alkalis.
  • G.B. Patent 745,036 relates to heterocyclic amides and carboxylic esters thereof that are said to be useful as chemical intermediates, emulsifiers, wetting and dispersing agents, detergents, textile softeners, etc.
  • Summary of the Invention
  • The present invention provides a detergent compositions comprising :
    • (a) at least about 1% by weight of a polyhydroxy fatty acid amide surfactant of the formula :
      Figure imgb0001
         wherein R¹ is H, C₁-C₄ hydrocarbyl , 2 hydroxyethyl, 2-hydroxypropyl, or a mixture thereof, R² is C₅-C₃₁ hydrocarbyl and
         Z is a polyhydroxyhydrocarbyl having a linear hydrocarbyl chain with at least 3 hydroxyls connected directly to said chain, or alkoxylated derivatives thereof;
    • (b) a clay-softening system.
    Detailed Description of the Invention Polyhydroxy Fatty Acid Amide Surfactant
  • The compositions hereof will comprise at least about 1%, typically from about 3% to about 50%, preferably from about 3% to about 30%, of the polyhydroxy fatty acid amide surfactant described below.
  • The polyhydroxy fatty acid amide surfactant component of the present invention comprises compounds of the structural formula :
    Figure imgb0002

    wherein : R¹ is H, C₁-C₄ hydrocarbyl, 2-hydroxy ethyl, 2-hydroxy propyl, or a mixture thereof, preferably C₁-C₄ alkyl, more preferably C₁ or C₂ alkyl, most preferably C₁ alkyl (i.e., methyl); and R² is a C₅-C₃₁ hydrocarbyl, preferably straight chain C₇-C₁₉ alkyl or alkenyl, more preferably straight chain C₉-C₁₇ alkyl or alkenyl, most preferably straight chain C₁₁-C₁₇ alkyl or alkenyl, or mixtures thereof; and Z is a polyhydroxyhydrocarbyl having a linear hydrocarbyl chain with at least 3 hydroxyls directly connected to the chain, or an alkoxylated derivative (preferably ethoxylated or propoxylated) thereof. Z preferably will be derived from a reducing sugar in reductive amination reaction; more preferably Z is a glycityl. Suitable reducing sugars include glucose, fructose, maltose, lactose, galactose, mannose and xylose. As raw materials, high dextrose corn syrup, high fructose corn syrup, and high maltose corn syrup can be utilized as well as the individual sugars listed above. It should be understood that these corn syrups may yield a mix of sugar components for Z. Z preferably will be selected from the group consisting of -CH₂-(CHOH)n-CH₂-OH, -CH(CH₂OH)-(CHOH)n-1-CH₂OH, -CH₂-(CHOH)₂-(CHOR')-(CHOH)-CH₂OH, and alkoxylated derivatives thereof, where n is an integer from 3 to 5, inclusive, and R' is H or a cyclic or aliphatic monosaccharide. Most preferred are glycityls wherein n is 4, particularly -CH₂-(CHOH)₄-CH₂OH.
  • In formula (I), R¹ can be, for example, N-methyl, N-ethyl, N-propyl, N-isopropyl, N-butyl, N-2-hydroxy ethyl, or N-2-hydroxy propyl.
  • R²-CO-N< can be, for example, cocamide, stearamide, oleamide, lauramide, myristamide, capricamide, palmitamide, tallowamide, etc.
  • Z can be 1-deoxyglucityl, 2-deoxyfructityl, 1-deoxymaltityl, 1-deoxylactityl, 1-deoxygalactityl, 1-deoxymannityl, 1-deoxymaltotriotityl, etc.
  • Methods for making polyhydroxy fatty acid amides are known in the art. In general, they can be made by reacting an alkyl amine with a reducing sugar in a reductive amination reaction to form a corresponding N-alkyl polyhydroxyamine, and then reacting the N-alkyl polyhydroxyamine with a fatty aliphatic ester or triglyceride in a condensation/amidation step to form the N-alkyl, N-polyhydroxy fatty acid amide product. Processes for making compositions containing polyhydroxy fatty acid amides are disclosed, for example, in G.B. Patent Specification 809,060, U.S. Patent 2,965,576, U.S. Patent 2,703,798 and U.S. Patent 1,985,424.
  • In a preferred process for producing N-alkyl or N-hydroxyalkyl, N-deoxyglycityl fatty acid amides wherein the glycityl component is derived from glucose and the N-alkyl or N-hydroxyalkyl functionality is N-methyl, N-ethyl, N-propyl, N-butyl, N-hydroxyethyl, or N-hydroxypropyl, the product is made by reacting N-alkyl- or N-hydroxyalkyl glucamine with a fatty ester selected from fatty methyl esters, fatty ethyl esters, and fatty triglycerides in the presence of a catalyst selected from the group consisting of trilithium phosphate, trisodium phosphate, tripotassium phosphate, tetrasodium pyrophosphate, pentapotassium tripolyphosphate, lithium hydroxide, sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, calcium hydroxide, lithium carbonate, sodium carbonate, potassium carbonate, disodium tartrate, dipotassium tartrate, sodium potassium tartrate, trisodium citrate, tripotassium citrate, sodium basic silicates, potassium basic silicates, sodium basic aluminosilicates, and potassium basic aluminosilicates, and mixtures thereof. The amount of catalyst is preferably from about 0.5 mole % to about 50 mole %, more preferably from about 2.0 mole % to about 10 mole %, on an N-alkyl or N-hydroxyalkyl-glucamine molar basis. The reaction is preferably carried out at from about 138°C to about 170°C for typically from about 20 to about 90 minutes. When triglycerides are utilized as the fatty ester, the reaction is also preferably carried out using from about 1 to about 10 weight % of a phase transfer agent, calculated on a weight percent basis of total reaction mixture, selected from saturated fatty alcohol polyethoxylates, alkylpolyglycosides, linear glycamide surfactant, and mixtures thereof.
  • Preferably, this process is carried out as follows :
    • (a) preheating the fatty ester to about 138°C to about 170°C;
    • (b) adding the N-alkyl or N-hydroxyalkyl glucamine to the heated fatty acid ester and mixing to the extent needed to form a two-phase liquid/liquid mixture;
    • (c) mixing the catalyst into the reaction mixture; and
    • (d) stirring for the specified reaction time.
  • Also preferably, from about 2% to about 20% of preformed linear N-alkyl/N-hydroxyalkyl, N-linear glucosyl fatty acid amide product is added to the reaction mixture, by weight of the reactants, as the phase transfer agent if the fatty ester is a triglyceride. This seeds the reaction, thereby increasing reaction rate.
  • The polyhydroxy "fatty acid" amide materials used herein also offer the advantages to the detergent formulator that they can be prepared wholly or primarily from natural, renewable, non-petrochemical feedstocks and are degradable. They also exhibit low toxicity to aquatic life.
  • It should be recognized that along with the polyhydroxy fatty acid amides of Formula (I), the processes used to produce them will also typically produce quantities of nonvolatile by-product such as esteramides and cyclic polyhydroxy fatty acid amide. The level of these by-products will vary depending upon the particular reactants and process conditions. Preferably, the polyhydroxy fatty acid amide incorporated into the detergent compositions hereof will be provided in a form such that the polyhydroxy fatty acid amide-containing composition to be added to the detergent contains less than about 10%, preferably less than about 4%, of cyclic polyhydroxy fatty acid amide. The preferred processes described above are advantageous in that they can yield rather low levels of by-products, including such cyclic amide by-product.
  • The clay softening system
  • The clay softening system comprises a fabric softening clay and, although this is not strictly necessary, it may additionally comprise a clay flocculating agent and/or a humectant.
  • The fabric softening clay
  • The clay softening system hereof will comprise a fabric softening clay present in an amount of at least 0.5%, preferable from 4% to 30% by weight of the detergent composition. The preferred clays are of the smectite type.
  • Smectite type clays are widely used as fabric softening ingredients in detergent compositions. Most of these clays have a cation exchange capacity of at least 50 meq./100g.
  • Smectite clays can be described as three-layer expandable materials, consisting of alumino-silicates or magnesium silicates.
  • There are two distinct classes of smectite-type clays; in the first, aluminium oxide is present in the silicate crystal lattice, in the second class of smectites, magnesium oxide is present in the silicate crystal lattice.
  • The general formulas of these smectites are Al₂(Si₂O₅)₂(OH)₂ and Mg₃(Si₂O₅)(OH)₂, for the aluminium and magnesium oxide type clay, respectively. The range of the water of hydration can vary with the processing to which the clay has been subjected. Furthermore, atom substitution by iron and magnesium can occur within the crystal lattice of the smectites, while metal cations such as Na⁺, Ca²⁺, as well as H⁺ can be co-present in the water of hydration to provide electrical neutrality.
  • It is customary to distinguish between clays on the basis of one cation predominantly or exclusively absorbed. For example, a sodium clay is one in which the absorbed cation is predominantly sodium. Such absorbed cations can become involved in equilibrium exchange reactions with cations present in aqueous solutions. In such equilibrium reactions, one equivalent weight of solution cation replaces an equivalent of sodium, for example, and it is customary to measure clay cation exchange capacity in terms of milliequivalents per 100g.of clay (meq/100g.).
  • The cation exchange capacity of clays can be measured in several ways, including electrodialysis, by exchange with ammonium ion followed by titration,or by a methylene blue procedure, all as set forth in Grimshaw, The Chemistry and Physics of Clays, Interscience Publishers, Inc. pp. 264-265(1971). The cation exchange capacity of a clay mineral relates to such factors as the expandable properties of the clay, the charge of the clay, which in turn, is determinated at least in part by the lattice structure, and the like. The ion exchange capacity of clays varies widely in the range from about 2 meq/100 g. for kaolinites to about 150 meq/100 g., and greater, for certain clays of the montmorillonite variety. Illite clays have an ionexchange capacity somewhere in the lower portion of the range, ca. 26 meq/100 g. for an average illite clay.
  • It has been determined that illite and kaolinite clays, with their relatively low ion exchange capacities, are not useful in the instant compositions. Indeed such illite and kaolinite clays constitute a major component of clay soils. However, smectites, such as nontronite having a ionexchange capacity of approximately 50 meq/100 g.; saponite, which has an ionexchange capacity greater than 70 meq/100g., have been found to be useful fabric softeners.
  • The smectite clays commonly used for this purpose herein are all commercially available. Such clays include, for example, montmorillonite, volchonskoite, nontronite, hectorite, saponite, sauconite, and vermiculite. The clays herein are available under commercial names such as "fooler clay" (clay found in a relatively thin vein above the main bentonite or montmorillonite veins in the Black Hills) and various tradenames such as Thixogel #1 (also,"Thixo-Jell")
       and Gelwhite GP from Georgia Kaolin Co. Elizabeth, New Jersey; Volclay BC and Volclay #325, from American Colloid Co., Skokie, Illinois; Black Hills Bentonite BH 450, from International Minerals and Chemicals; and Veegum Pro and Veegum F, from R.T. Vanderbilt. It is to be recognized that such smectite-type minerals obtained under the foregoing commercial and tradenames can comprise mixtures of the various discrete mineral entitites. Such mixtures of the smectite minerals are suitable for use herein.
  • Preferred for use herein are the montmorrillonite clays having an ion exchange capacity of 50 to 100 meq/100 g which corresponds to ca 0.2 to 0.6 layer charge.
  • Quite suitable are hectorites of natural origin, in the form of particles having the general formula
    Figure imgb0003

       wherein MeIII is Al, Fe, or B; or y=o; Mn+ is a monovalent (n=1) or divalent (n=2) metal ion, for example selected from Na, K, Mg, Ca, Sr.
  • In the above formula, the value of (x+y) is the layer charge of the hectorite clay.
  • Such hectorite clays are preferably selected on the basis of their layer charge properties, i.e. at least 50% is in the range of from 0.23 to 0.31.
  • More suitable are hectorite clays of natural origin having a layer charge distribution such that at least 65% is in the range of from 0.23 to 0.31.
  • The hectorite clays suitable in the present composition should preferably be sodium clays, for better softening activity.
  • Sodium clays are either naturally occuring, or are naturally-occuring calcium-clays which have been treated so as to convert them to sodium-clays. If calcium-clays are used in the present compositions, a salt of sodium can be added to the compositions in order to convert the calcium clay to a sodium clay. Preferably, such a salt is sodium carbonate, typically added at levels of up to 5% of the total amount of clay.
  • Examples of hectorite clays suitable for the present compositions include Bentone EW and Macaloid, from NL Chemicals, N.J., U.S.A., and hectorites from Industrial Mineral Ventures.
  • Clay-flocculating agents
  • The compositions herein may comprise, from 0.05% to 20% by weight of the clay, of flocculating agent, if its molecular weight is 150.000-800.000 and from 0.005% to 2 %, by weight of the clay, if its molecular weight is from 800.000 to 5 million. Most of these materials are fairly long chain polymers and copolymers derived from such monomers as ethylene oxide, acrylamide, acrylic acid, dimethylamino ethyl methacrylate, vinyl alcohol, vinyl pyrrolidone, ethylene imine. Gums, like guar gum, are suitable as well.
  • Preferred are polymers of ethylene oxide, acryl amide, or acrylic acid. For proper interaction with the clay particles, the polymers should be fairly long chain, i.e., have a weight average molecular weight of at least 100,000. For sufficient water-solubility the weight average molecular weight of the polymers should not exceed 10 million. Most preferred are polymers having a weight average molecular weight of from 150.000 to 5 million.
  • The humectant
  • The organic humectant optionally employed in the clay agglomerates herein, may be any of the various water soluble materials utilized for such a purpose. The organic humectant is preferably selected from the group consisting of a) aliphatic hydrocarbon polyols having from 2 to 9 carbon atoms; b) ether alcohols derived from the polyols of a); c) ester alcohols derived from the polyols of a); d) mono- and oligosaccharides; and mixtures thereof.
  • Highly preferred humectants include glycerol, ethylene glycol, propylene glycol and the dimers and trimers of glycerol, of ethylene glycol and of propylene glycol.
  • The clay softening system can comprise from 0.5% to 30%, preferably from 2% to 15%, of the humectant by weight of the clay.
  • Detersive Surfactant System
  • In addition to the polyhydroxy fatty acid amide herein, the present compositions may contain one or more additional surfactants which can be anionic, cationic or nonionic. Typically the surfactant system will include one or more anionic and/or nonionic surfactants in addition to the polyhydroxy fatty acid amide. It is especially preferred to include an anionic surfactant for effective overall cleaning under a wide variety of wash conditions. In particular, the benefits of this invention are especially realized when the compositions hereof include hardness sensitive surfactants such as alkyl sulfates, alkyl ester sulfonates (e.g., methyl ester sulfonates), alkyl alkoxylated sulfonates (e.g., alkyl ethoxylated sulfonates), and alkyl benzene sulfonates (e.g., linear alkyl benzene sulfonate). The further inclusion of a conventional nonionic surfactant, such as an alkyl ethoxylate or an alkyl polyglycoside, as described below, is desirable. However, the levels of such conventional nonionic surfactants in clay-containing detergent compositions have to be limited, in view of a negative interaction with the clay. (Accordingly, conventional nonionic surfactants should not be present at levels in excess of 4% by weight of the detergent composition.) Typically, the amount of additional detersive surfactant present is from 1% to 50% by weight, of the detergent composition, preferably from 3% to 40%, more preferably from 5% to 30%.
  • Suitable anionic surfactants include alkyl ester sulfonate surfactants of the structural formula :
    Figure imgb0004

       wherein R³ is a C₈-C₂₀ hydrocarbyl, preferably an alkyl, or combination thereof, R⁴ is a C₁-C₆ hydrocarbyl, preferably an alkyl, or combination thereof, and M is a cation which forms a water soluble salt with the alkyl ester sulfonate. Suitable salts would include metal salts such as sodium, potassium, and lithium salts, and substituted or unsubstituted ammonium salts, such as methyl-, dimethyl, -trimethyl, and quaternary ammonium cations, e.g. tetramethyl-ammonium and dimethyl piperdinium, and cations derived from alkanolamines, e.g. monoethanolamine, diethanolamine, and triethanolamine. Preferably, R³ is C₁₀-C₁₆ alkyl, and R⁴ is methyl, ethyl or isopropyl. Especially preferred are the methyl ester sulfonates wherein R³ is C₁₄-C₁₆ alkyl.
  • Alkyl sulfate surfactants of the formula ROSO₃M wherein R is a C₁₀-C₂₄ hydrocarbyl, preferably an alkyl or hydroxyalkyl having a C₁₀-C₂₀ alkyl component, more preferably a C₁₂-C₁₈ alkyl or hydroxyalkyl, and M is H or a cation, e.g., an alkali metal cation (e.g., sodium, potassium, lithium), substituted or unsubstituted ammonium cations such as methyl-, dimethyl-, and trimethyl ammonium and quaternary ammonium cations, e.g., tetramethyl-ammonium and dimethyl piperdinium, and cations derived from alkanolamines such as ethanolamine , diethanolamine, triethanolamine, and mixtures thereof, and the like. Typically, alkyl chains of C₁₂-C₁₆ are preferred for lower wash temperatures (e.g., below 50°C) and C₁₆-C₁₈ alkyl chains are preferred for higher wash temperatures (e.g., above 50°C).
  • Alkyl alkoxylated sulfate surfactants of the formula RO(A)mSO₃M wherin R is an unsubstituted C₁₀-C₂₄ alkyl or hydroxyalkyl group having a C₁₀-C₂₄ alkyl component, preferably a C₁₂-C₂₀ alkyl or hydroxyalkyl, more preferably C₁₂-C₁₈ alkyl or hydroxyalkyl, A is an ethoxy or propoxy unit, m is greater than zero, typically between 0.5 and 6, more preferably between 0.5 and 3, and M is H or a cation which can be, for example, a metal cation (e.g., sodium, potassium, lithium,calcium, magnesium, etc.), ammonium or substituted-ammonium cation. Alkyl ethoxylated sulfates as well as alkyl propoxylated sulfates are contemplated herein. Specific examples of substituted ammonium cations include methyl-, dimethyl-, trimethyl-ammonium cations and quaternary ammonium cations such as tetramethyl-ammonium and dimethyl piperdinium and cations derived from alkanolamines, e.g. monoethanolamine, diethanolamine, and triethanolamine, and mixtures thereof. Exemplary surfactants are C₁₂-C₁₈ alkyl polyethoxylate (1.0) sulfate, C₁₂-C₁₈ alkyl polyethoxylate (2.25) sulfate, C₁₂-C₁₈ alkyl polyethoxylate (3.0) sulfate, and C₁₂-C₁₈ alkyl polyethoxylate (4.0) sulfate wherein M is conveniently selected from sodium and potassium.
  • These salts (including, for example, sodium, potassium, ammonium, and substituted ammonium salts such as mono-, di- and triethanolamine salts) of soap, C₉-C₂₀ linear alkylbenzenesulphonates, C₈-C₂₂ primary or secondary alkanesulphonates, and C₈-C₂₄ olefinsulphonates, sulphonated polycarboxylic acids prepared by sulphonation of the pyrolyzed product of alkaline earth metal citrates, e.g., as described in British patent specification No. 1,082,179, alkyl glycerol sulfonates, fatty acyl glycerol sulfonates, fatty oleyl glycerol sulfates, alkyl phenol ethylene oxide ether sulfates, paraffin sulfonates, alkyl phosphates, isethionates such as the N-acyl isethionates, acyl taurates, fatty acid amides of methyl tauride, alkyl succinamates and sulfosuccinates, monoesters of sulfosuccinate, diesters of sulfosuccinate (especially saturated and unsaturated C₆-C₁₄ diesters), N-acyl sarcosinates, sulfates of alkylpolysaccharides such as the sulfates of alkylpolyglucoside (the nonionic nonsulfated compounds being described below), branched primary alkyl sulfates, and alkyl polyethoxy carboxylates such as those of the formula RO(CH₂CH₂O)kCH₂COO-M⁺ wherein R is a C8-C22 alkyl, k is an integer from 0 to 10, and M is a soluble salt-forming cation and fatty acids esterified with isethionic acid and neutralized with sodium hydroxide. Resin acids and hydrogenated resin acids are also suitable, such as rosin, hydrogenated rosin, and resin acids and hydrogenated resin acids present in or derived from tall oil. Further examples are described in "Surface Active Agents and Detergents" (Vol. I and II by Shwartz, Perry and Berch). A variety of such surfactants are also generally disclosed in U.S. Patent 3,929,678.
  • Suitable conventional nonionic detergent surfactants are generally disclosed in U.S. Patent 3,929,678. Exemplary, non-limiting classes of useful nonionic surfactants are :
  • Polyethylene, polypropylene, and polybutylene oxide condensates of alkyl phenols. Commercially available nonionic surfactants of this type include Igepal™CO-630, marketed by the GAF Corporation; and Triton™X-45, X-114, X-100 and X-102, all marketed by the Rohm & Haas Company. These surfactants are commonly referred to as alkyl phenol alkoxylates, e.g., alkyl phenol ethoxylates.
  • The condensation products of C₁₂₋₂₂ aliphatic alcohols with from 1 to 25 moles of ethylene oxide. Examples of commercially available nonionic surfactants of this type include Tergitol™15-S-9 (the condensation product of C₁₁-C₁₅ linear secondary alcohol with 9 moles ethylene oxide), Tergitol™24-L-6 NMW (the condensation product of C₁₂-C₁₄ primary alcohol with 6 moles ethylene oxide with a narrow molecular weight distribution), both marketed by Union Carbide Corporation; Neodol™45-9 (the condensation product of C₁₄-C₁₅ linear alcohol with 9 moles of ethylene oxide), Neodol™23-6.5 (the condensation product of C₁₂-C₁₃ linear alcohol with 6.5 moles of ethylene oxide), Neodol™45-7 (the condensation product of C₁₄-C₁₅ linear alcohol with 7 moles of ethylene oxide), Neodol™45-4 (the condensation product of C₁₄-C₁₅ linear alcohol with 4 moles of ethylene oxide), marketed by Shell Chemical Company, and Kyro™EOB (the condensation product of C₁₃-C₁₅ alcohol with 9 moles ethylene oxide), marketed by The Procter & Gamble Company. These surfactants are commonly referred to as alkyl ethoxylates.
  • The condensation products of ethylene oxide with a hydrophobic base formed by the condensation of propylene oxide with propylene glycol. Examples of compounds of this type include certain of the commercially-available Pluronic™ surfactants, marketed by BASF.
  • The condensation products of ethylene oxide with the product resulting from the reaction of propylene oxide and ethylenediamine. Examples of this type of nonionic surfactant include certain of the commercially available Tetronic™ compounds, marketed by BASF.
  • Amine oxides, having the formula
    Figure imgb0005

    wherein R³ is an alkyl, hydroxyalkyl, or alkyl phenyl group or mixtures thereof containing from 8 to 22 carbon atoms; R⁴ is an alkylene or hydroxyalkylene group containing from 2 to 3 carbon atoms or mixtures thereof; x is from 0 to 3; and each R⁵ is an alkyl or hydroxyalkyl group containing from 1 to 3 carbon atoms or a polyethylene oxide group containing from 1 to 3 ethylene oxide groups. The R⁵ groups can be attached to each other, e.g., through an oxygen or nitrogen atom, to form a ring structure.
  • Preferred are C₁₀-C₁₈ alkyl dimethyl amine oxides and C₈-C₁₂ alkoxy ethyl dihydroxy ethyl amine oxides.
  • Alkylpolysaccharides disclosed in U.S. Patent 4,565,647, Llenado, issued January 21, 1986.
  • The preferred alkylpolyglycosides have the formula



            R²O(CnH2nO)t(glycosyl)x



       wherein R² is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, alkyl-phenyl, hydroxyalkyl, hydroxyalkylphenyl, and mixtures thereof in which the alkyl groups contain from 10 to 18, preferably from 12 to 14, carbon atoms; n is 2 or 3, preferably 2; t is from 0 to 10, preferably 0; and x is from 1.3 to 10, preferably from 1.3 to 3, most preferably from 1.3 to 2.7. The glycosyl is preferably derived from glucose. To prepare these compounds, the alcohol or alkylpolyethoxy alcohol is formed first and then reacted with glucose, or a source of glucose, to form the glucoside (attachment at the 1-position). The additional glycosyl units can then be attached between their 1-position and the preceding glycosyl units 2-, 3-, 4- and/or 6-position, preferably predominantely the 2-position.
  • Cationic detersive surfactants can also be included in detergent compositions of the present invention. Cationic surfactants include the ammonium surfactants such as alkyldimethylammonium halogenides, and those surfactants having the formula :



            [(R²(OR³)y][R⁴(OR³)y]₂R⁵N⁺X⁻



       wherein R² is an alkyl or alkyl benzyl group having from about 8 to about 18 carbon atoms in the alkyl chain, each R³ is selected from the group consisting of -CH₂CH₂-, -CH₂CH(CH₃)-, -CH₂CH(CH₂OH)-, -CH₂CH₂CH₂-, and mixtures thereof; each R⁴ is selected from the group consisting of C₁-C₄ alkyl, C₁-C₄ hydroxyalkyl, benzyl, ring structures formed by joining the two R⁴ groups, -CH₂CHOH-CHOHCOR⁶CHOHCH₂OH wherein R⁶ is any hexose or hexose polymer having a molecular weight less than about 1000, and hydrogen when y is not O; R⁵ is the same as R⁴ or is an alkyl chain wherein the total number of carbon atoms of R² plus R⁵ is not more than about 18; each y is from 0 to 10 and the sum of the y values is from 0 to about 15; and X is any compatible anion.
  • Other cationic surfactants useful herein are also described in U.S. Patent 4,228,044.
  • Other Surfactants
  • Ampholytic surfactants can be incorporated into the detergent compositions hereof. These surfactants can be broadly described as aliphatic derivatives of secondary or tertiary amines, or aliphatic derivatives of heterocyclic secondary and tertiary amines in which the aliphatic radical can be straight chain or branched. One of the aliphatic substituents contains at least about 8 carbon atoms, typically from about 8 to about 18 carbon atoms, and at least one contains an anionic water-solubilizing group, e.g., carboxy, sulfonate, sulfate. See U.S. Patent No. 3,929,678 for examples of ampholytic surfactants.
  • Zwitterionic surfactants can also be incorporated into the detergent compositions hereof. These surfactants can be broadly described as derivatives of secondary and tertiary amines, derivatives of heterocyclic secondary and tertiary amines, or derivatives of quaternary ammonium, quaternary phosphonium or tertiary sulfonium compounds. See U.S. Patent No. 3,929,678 for examples of zwitterionic surfactants.
  • Ampholytic and zwitterionic surfactants are generally used in combination with one or more anionic and/or nonionic surfactants.
  • Form of the composition and conditions of utilization
  • The compositions of the present invention can be either in particulate form, or in form of an aqueous dispersion of the clay particles, depending on the required conditions of utilization. In either form, the composition of the invention can be added during the main wash stage or during a rinse cycle of the washing process.
  • The particulate form encompasses both "regular" and high density "compact" executions.
  • Detergent Builders
  • Detergent compositions of the present invention can comprise inorganic or organic detergent builders to assist in mineral hardness control.
  • The level of builder can vary widely depending upon the end use of the composition and its desired physical form. Liquid formulations typically comprise at least 1%, more typically from 5% to 50%, preferably 5% to 30%, by weight of detergent builder.
  • Granular formulations typically comprise at least 1%, more typically from 10% to 80%, preferably from 15% to 50% by weight of the detergent builder. Lower or higher levels of builder, however, are not meant to be excluded.
  • Inorganic detergent builders include, but are not limited to, the alkali metal, ammonium and alkanolammonium salts of phosphonates, silicates, carbonates (including bicarbonates and sesquicarbonates), sulphates, and aluminosilicates.
  • Examples of silicate builders are the alkali metal silicates, particularly those having a SiO₂:Na₂O ratio in the range 1.6:1 to 3.2:1 and layered silicates, such as the layered sodium silicates described in U.S. Patent 4,664,839. However, other silicates may also be useful such as for example magnesium silicate, which can serve as a crispening agent in granular formulations, as a stabilizing agent for oxygen bleaches, and as a component of suds control systems.
  • Examples of carbonate builders are the alkaline earth and alkali metal carbonates, including sodium carbonate and sesquicarbonate and mixtures thereof with ultra-fine calcium carbonate as disclosed in German Patent Application No. 2,321,001.
  • Aluminosilicate builders are especially useful in the present invention. Preferred aluminosilicates are zeolite builders which have the formula



            Naz[(AlO₂)z (SiO₂)y].xH₂O



       wherein z and y are integers of at least 6, the molar ratio of z to y is in the range from 1.0 to 0.5, and x is an integer from 15 to 264.
  • Useful aluminosilicate ion exchange materials are commercially available. These aluminosilicates can be crystalline or amorphous in structure and can be naturally-occurring aluminosilicates or synthetically derived. A method for producing aluminosilicate ion exchange materials is disclosed in U.S. Patent 3,985,669. In an especially preferred embodiment, the crystalline aluminosilicate ion exchange material has the formula :



            Na₁₂[(AlO₂)₁₂(SiO₂)₁₂].xH₂O



       wherein x is from about 20 to about 30, especially about 27. This material is known as Zeolite A. Preferably, the aluminosilicate has a particle size of about 0.1-10 microns in diameter.
  • Examples of phosphonate builder salts are the water-soluble salts of ethane 1-hydroxy-1, 1-diphosphonate particularly the sodium and potassium salts, the water-soluble salts of methylene diphosphonic acid e.g. the trisodium and tripotassium salts and the water-soluble salts of substituted methylene diphosphonic acids, such as the trisodium and tripotassium ethylidene, isopyropylidene benzylmethylidene and halo methylidene phosphonates. Phosphonate builder salts of the aforementioned types are disclosed in U.S. Patent Nos. 3,159,581 and 3,213,030, U.S. Patent No. 3,422,021, and U.S. Patent Nos. 3,400,148 and 3,422,137.
  • Organic detergent builders suitable for the purposes of the present invention include, but are not restricted to, a wide variety of polycarboxylate compounds. As used herein, "polycarboxylate" refers to compounds having a plurality of carboxylate groups, preferably at least 3 carboxylates.
  • Polycarboxylate builder can generally be added to the composition in acid form, but can also be added in the form of a neutralized salt. When utilized in salt form, alkali metals, such a sodium, potassium, and lithium salts, especially sodium salts, or ammonium and substituted ammonium (e.g., alkanolammonium) salts are preferred.
  • Included among the polycarboxylate builders are a variety of categories of useful materials. One important category of polycarboxylate builders encompasses the ether polycarboxylates. A number of ether polycarboxylates have been disclosed for use as detergent builders. Examples of useful ether polycarboxylates include oxydisuccinate, as disclosed in Berg, U.S. Patent 3,128,287, U.S. Patent 3,635,830.
  • A specific type of ether polycarboxylates useful as builders in the present invention also include those having the general formula :



            CH(A)(COOX)-CH(COOX)-O-CH(COOX)-CH(COOX)(B)



       wherein A is H or OH; B is H or -O-CH(COOX)-CH₂(COOX); and X is H or a salt-forming cation. For example, if in the above general formula A and B are both H, then the compound is oxydissuccinic acid and its water-soluble salts. If A is OH and B is H, then the compound is tartrate monosuccinic acid (TMS) and its water-soluble salts. If A is H and B is -O-CH(COOX)-CH2(COOX), then the compound is tartrate disuccinic acid (TDS) and its water-soluble salts. Mixtures of these builders are especially preferred for use herein. Particularly preferred are mixtures of TMS and TDS in a weight ratio of TMS to TDS of from 97:3 to 20:80. These builders are disclosed in U.S. Patent 4,663,071.
  • Suitable ether polycarboxylates also include cyclic compounds, particularly alicyclic compounds, such as those described in U.S. Patents 3,923,679; 3,835,163; 4,158,635; 4,120,874 and 4,102,903.
  • Other useful detergency builders include the ether hydroxypolycarboxylates represented by the structure :



            HO-[C(R)(COOM)-C(R)(COOM)-O]n-H



       wherein M is hydrogen or a cation wherein the resultant salt is water-soluble, preferably an alkali metal, ammonium or substituted ammonium cation, n is from 2 to 15 (preferably n is from 2 to 10, more preferably n averages from 2 to 4) and each R is the same or different and selected from hydrogen, C₁₋₄ alkyl or C₁₋₄ subsituted alkyl (preferably R is hydrogen).
  • Still other ether polycarboxylates include copolymers of maleic anhydride with ethylene or vinyl methyl ether, 1, 3, 5-trihydroxybenzene-2, 4, 6-trisulphonic acid, and carboxymethyloxysuccinic acid.
  • Organic polycarboxylate builders also include the various alkali metal, ammonium and substituted ammonium salts of polyacetic acids. Examples of polyacetic builder salts include the sodium, potassium, lithium, ammonium and substituted ammonium salts of ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid and nitrilotriacetic acid.
  • Also included are polycarboxylates, such as mellitic acid, succinic acid, polymaleic acid, benzene 1,3,5-tricarboxylic acid, benzene pentacarboxylic acid, and carboxymethyloxysuccinic acid, and soluble salts thereof.
  • Citrate builders, e.g., citric acid and soluble salts thereof, is a polycarboxylate builder of particular importance for heavy duty liquid detergent formulations, but can also be used in granular compositions. Suitable salts include the metal salts such as sodium, lithium, and potassium salts, as well as ammonium and substituted ammonium salts.
  • Other carboxylate builders include the carboxylated carbohydrates disclosed in U.S. Patent 3,723,322, Diehl.
  • Also suitable in the detergent compositions of the present invention are the 3,3-dicarboxy-4-oxa-1,6-hexanedioates and the related compounds disclosed in U.S. Patent 4,566,984. Useful succinic acid builders include the C₅-C₂₀ alkyl succinic acids and salts thereof. A particularly preferred compound of this type is dodecenylsuccinic acid. Alkyl succinic acids typically are of the general formula R-CH(COOH)CH₂(COOH) i.e., derivatives of succinic acid, wherein R is hydrocarbon, e.g., C₁₀-C₂₀ alkyl or alkenyl, preferably C₁₂-C₁₆ or wherein R may be substituted with hydroxyl, sulfo, sulfoxy or sulfone substituents, all as described in the above-mentioned patents.
  • The succinate builders are preferably used in the form of their water-soluble salts, including the sodium, potassium, ammonium and alkanolammonium salts.
  • Specific examples of succinate builders include : laurylsuccinate, myristylsuccinate, palmitylsuccinate, 2-dodecenylsuccinate (preferred), 2-pentadecenylsuccinate, and the like. Laurylsuccinates are the preferred builders of this group, and are described in European Patent Application 86200690.5/0,200,263.
  • Examples of useful builders also include sodium and potassium carboxymethyloxymalonate, carboxymethyloxysuccinate, cis-cyclohexanehexacarboxylate, water-soluble polyacrylates (these polyacrylates having molecular weight to above 2,000 can also be effectively utilized as dispersants), and the copolymers of maleic anhydride with vinyl methyl ether or ethylene.
  • Other suitable polycarboxylates are the polyacetal carboxylates disclosed in U.S. Patent 4,144,226. These polyacetal carboxylates can be prepared by bringing together, under polymerisation conditions, an ester of glyoxylic acid and a polymerization initiator. The resulting polyacetal carboxylate ester is then attached to chemically stable end groups to stabilize the polyacetal carboxylate against rapid depolymerization in alkaline solution, converted to the corresponding salt, and added to a surfactant.
  • Polycarboxylate builders are also disclosed in U.S. Patent 3,308,067. Such materials include the water-soluble salts of homo- and copolymers of aliphatic carboxylic acids such as maleic acid, itaconic acid, mesaconic acid, fumaric acid, aconitic acid, citraconic acid and methylenemalonic acid.
  • Other organic builders known in the art can also be used. For example, nonocarboxylic acids, and soluble salts thereof, having long chain hydrocarbyls can be utilized. These would include materials generally referred to as "soaps". Chain lengths of C₁₀-C₂₀ are typically utlized. The hydrocarbyls can be saturated or unsaturated.
  • Enzymes
  • Enzymes can be included in the detergent formulations for a variety of purposes including removal of protein-based, carbohydrate-based, or triglyceride-based stains, for example, and prevention of refugee dye transfer. The enzymes to be incorporated include proteases, amylases, lipases, cellulases, and peroxidases, as well as mixtures thereof. They may be of any suitable origin, such as vegetable, animal, bacterial, fungal and yeast origin. Proteolytic enzymes suitable for removing protein-based stains that are commercially available include those sold under the tradenames ALCALASE™ and SAVINASE™ by Novo Industries A/S (Denmark) and MAXATASE™ by International Bio-Synthetics, Inc. (The Netherlands).
  • Amylolytic proteins include, for example, RAPIDASE™, International Bio-Synthetics, Inc. and TERMAMYL™, Novo Industries.
  • The cellulases usable in the present invention include both bacterial or fungal cellulase.
  • Suitable lipase enzymes for detergent usage include those sold under the tradename LipolaseR by Novo Industries.
  • Commercial detersive enzymes are typically used at levels of 0.001% to 2%, and higher, in the present compositions.
  • Bleaching Compounds - Bleaching Agents and Bleaching Activators
  • The detergent compositions hereof may contain bleaching agents or bleaching compositions containing bleaching agent and one or more bleaching activators.
  • One category of bleaching agents that can be used encompasses both a peroxyacid per se and systems which are able to yield peroxyacids in situ.
  • Peroxyacids "per se" are meant here to include the alkaline and alkaline-earth metal salts thereof. Peroxyacids and diperoxyacids are commonly used; examples are diperoxydodecanoic acid (DPDA) or peroxyphthalic acid.
  • Systems capable of delivering peracids in situ consist in a peroxygen bleaching agent and an activator thereof.
  • The peroxygen bleaching agents are those capable of yielding hydrogen peroxide in an aqueous solution; those compounds are well-known in the art, and include hydrogen peroxide, alkali-metal peroxides, organic peroxide bleaching agents such as urea peroxide, inorganic persalt bleaching agents such as the alkali metal perborates, percarbonates, perphosphates, persilicates, and the like.
  • Preferred are sodium perborate, commercially available in the form of mono- and tetra-hydrates, sodium carbonate peroxyhydrate, sodium pyrophosphate peroxyhydrate, urea peroxyhydrate.
  • The liberated hydrogen peroxide reacts with the bleach activator to form the peroxyacid bleach. Classes of bleach activators include esters, imides, imidazoles, oximes, and carbonates. In both classes, preferred materials include methyl o-acetoxy benzoates; sodium-p-acetoxy benzene sulfonates such as sodium 4-nonanoxyloxybenzene sulfonate; sodium-4-octanoyloxybenzene sulfonate, and sodium-4-decanoyloxybenzenesulfonate; biophenol A diacetate; tetra acetyl ethylene diamine; tetra acetyl hexamethylene diamine; tetra acetyl methylene diamine.
  • Other highly preferred peroxygen bleach activators which are disclosed in U.S. Patents 4,483,778 and 4,539,130, are alpha-substituted alkyl or alkenyl esters, such as sodium-4(2-chlorooctanoyloxy)benzene sulfonate, sodium 4-(3,5,5-trimethyl hexanoyloxy)benzene sulfonate. Suitable peroxyacids are also peroxygen bleach activators such as described in published European Patent Application No. 0 166 571, i.e., compounds of the general type RXAOOH and RXAL, wherein R is a hydroxcarbyl group, X is a hetero-atom, A is a carbonyl bridging group and L is a leaving group, especially oxybenzenesulfonate.
  • Detersive adjuncts
  • The compositions herein can contain other ingredients which aid in their cleaning performance; this includes polymeric soil release agents, chelating agents, clay soil removal/anti-redeposition agents.
  • Polymeric dispersing agents
  • Polymeric dispersing agents, such as acrylic/maleic-based copolymers may also be used as a preferred component of the dispersing/anti-redeposition agent. Such materials include the water-soluble salts of copolymers of acrylic acid and maleic acid. The average molecular weight of such copolymers in the acid form preferably ranges from 2,000 to 100,000, preferably from 5,000 to 75,000, most preferably from 7,000 to 65,000. The ratio of acrylate to maleate segments in such copolymers will generally range from 30:1 to 1:1, more preferably from 10:1 to 2:1. Water-soluble salts of such acrylic acid-maleic acid copolymers can include, for example, the alkali metal, ammonium and substituted ammonium salts. Soluble acrylate/maleate copolymers of this type are known materials which are described in European Patent Application No. 66915.
  • Another polymeric material which can be included is polyethylene glycol (PEG). PEG can exhibit dispersing agent performance as well as act as a clay soil removal/anti-redeposition agent. Typical molecular weight ranges for these purposes range from 500 to 100,000, preferably from 1,000 to 50,000, more preferably from 1,500 to 10,000.
  • Optical brighteners and suds suppressors can be included in the compositions hereof.
  • Liquid detergent compositions can further contain water and other solvents as carriers. Low molecular weight primary or secondary alcohols exemplified by methanol, ethanol, propanol, and isopropanol are suitable. Monohydric alcohols are preferred for solubilizing surfactants, but polyols such as those containing from 2 to 6 carbon atoms and from 2 to 6 hydroxy groups (e.g., propylene glycol, ethylene glycol, glycerine, and 1,2-prpoanediol) can also be used.
  • The detergent compositions hereof will preferably be formulated such that during use in aqueous cleaning operations, the wash water will have a pH of between 6.5 and 11, preferably between 7.5 and 10.5. Liquid product formulations preferably have a pH between 7.5 and 9.5, more preferably between 7.5 and 9.0. Techniques for controlling pH at recommended usage levels include the use of buffers, alkalis, acids, etc., and are well known to those skilled in the art.
  • EXPERIMENTAL
  • This exemplifies a process for making a N-methyl, 1-deoxyglucityl lauramide surfactant for use herein. Although a skilled chemist can vary apparatus configuration, one suitable apparatus for use herein comprises a three-liter four-necked flask fitted with a motor-driven paddle stirrer and a thermometer of length sufficient to contact the reaction medium. The other two necks of the flask are fitted with a nitrogen sweep and a wide-bore side-arm (caution : a wide-bore side-arm is important in case of very rapid methanol evolution) to which is connected an efficient collecting condenser and vacuum outlet. The latter is connected to a nitrogen bleed and vacuum gauge, then to an aspirator and a trap. A 500 watt heating mantle with a variable transformer temperature controller ("Variac") used to heat the reaction is so placed on a lab-jack that it may be readily raised or lowered to further control temperature of the reaction.
  • N-methylglucamine (195 g., 1.0 mole, Aldrich, M4700-0) and methyl laurate (Procter & Gamble CE 1270, 220.9 g., 1.0 mole) are placed in a flask. The solid/liquid mixture is heated with stirring under a nitrogen sweep to form a melt (approximately 25 minutes). When the melt temperature reaches 145°C, catalyst (anhydrous powdered sodium carbonate, 10.5 g., 0.1 mole, J.T. Baker) is added. The nitrogen sweep is shut off and the aspirator and nitrogen bleed are adjusted to give 5 inches (5/31 atm.) Hg. vacuum (16343 Pa). From this point on, the reaction temperature is held at 150°C by adjusting the Variac and/or by raising or lowering the mantle.
  • Within 7 minutes, first methanol bubbles are sighted at the meniscus of the reaction mixture. A vigorous reaction soon follows. Methanol is distilled over until its rate subsides. The vacuum is adjusted to give about 10 inches Hg. (10/31 atm.) vacuum. The vacuum is increased approximately as follows (in inches Hg. at minutes): 10 at 3 (32686 at 9806 Pa), 20 at 7 (65372 at 22880 Pa), 25 at 10 (81715 at 32686 Pa). 11 minutes from the onset of methanol evolution, heating and stirring are discontinued coincident with some foaming. The product is cooled and solidifies.
  • The following examples are meant to exemplify compositions of the present invention, but are not necessarily meant to limit or otherwise define the scope of the invention,said scope being determined according to claims which follow.
  • Example I
  • Test procedure : 3.5 kg of clean fabric laundry loads were washed in an automatic drum washing machine Miele 423 at 60°C. The hardness of the water was 2,5 mM Calcium and the composition concentration was 0.7% in the wash liquor. For softness evaluation swatches of terry towel were line dried prior to assessment of softness. Comparative softness assessment was done by expert judges using a scale of 0 to 4 panel-score-units (PSU). In this scale 0 is given for no difference and 4 is given for maximum difference. Softness was assessed after one and after four wash cycles. The following compositions are made :
    Figure imgb0006

       The softness performance of Example I (with 5% C₁₂ alkylamide base) was compared to Reference I (with 5% ethoxylated nonionic surfactant).
    One wash cycle Four wash cycles
    Example I vs. Reference I 0.4 s 0.8 s
  • A statistical significant improvement of the softness performance is observed with the product containing alkylamide-base (example I).
  • Example II
  • Also, compositions are prepared with clay-flocculating agent. The softness performance of the product with 5% alkylamide (example II) is compared versus the same product with 5% ethoxylated nonionic surfactant (reference II). The test conditions are identical to those described in example I.
  • Softness performance was assessed after one and after four washing cycles :
       Again, a statistical significant better softness performance is observed with product containing alkylamide vs. the product containing ethoxylated nonionic surfactant.
    Figure imgb0007

Claims (9)

  1. A detergent composition comprising a polyhydroxy fatty acid amide surfactant of the formula:
    Figure imgb0008
       wherein R¹ is H, C₁-C₄ hydrocarbyl, 2-hydroxy ethyl, 2-hydroxy propyl or a mixture thereof, R² is C₅-C₃₁ hydrocarbyl and Z is a polyhydroxyhydrocarbyl having a linear hydrocarbyl chain with at least 3 hydroxyls connected directly to said chain, or alkoxylated derivatives thereof
       and a clay-softening system.
  2. A detergent composition according to claim 1 comprising at least 1% by weight of said polyhydroxy fatty acid amide.
  3. A detergent composition according to claim 1 wherein said polyhydroxy fatty acid amide surfactant has the formula (I) wherein R is methyl, R is C-C alkyl or alkenyl, and Z is a glycityl derived from a reducing sugar, or an alkoxylated derivative thereof.
  4. A detergent composition according to claim 1 wherein said clay softening system comprises a clay, in an amount of at least 0.5% by weight of the detergent composition.
  5. A clay softening system according to claim 4 wherein said clay is a smectite-type clay.
  6. A detergent composition according to claim 1 wherein said clay softening system comprises a clay flocculating agent.
  7. A detergent composition according to claim 1 wherein said clay softening system comprises a humectant.
  8. A detergent composition according to claim 1 further comprising one or more auxiliary surfactants selected from the group consisting of anionic, cationic and nonionic detersive surfactants and mixtures hereof.
  9. A detergent composition according to claim 8 wherein said nonionics are present at levels of less than 4% by weight of the detergent composition.
EP19910201773 1991-07-08 1991-07-08 Detergent compositions containing polyhydroxy fatty acid amide surfactants and a clay softening system Expired - Lifetime EP0522206B1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP19910201773 EP0522206B1 (en) 1991-07-08 1991-07-08 Detergent compositions containing polyhydroxy fatty acid amide surfactants and a clay softening system

Applications Claiming Priority (16)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
ES91201773T ES2077154T3 (en) 1991-07-08 1991-07-08 detergent compositions containing surfactants and polyhydroxy fatty acid amide softening system with clay.
DE1991613259 DE69113259D1 (en) 1991-07-08 1991-07-08 Polyhydroxy fatty acid amide and a softening system based on clay-containing detergent compositions.
DE1991613259 DE69113259T2 (en) 1991-07-08 1991-07-08 Polyhydroxy fatty acid amide and a softening system based on clay-containing detergent compositions.
EP19910201773 EP0522206B1 (en) 1991-07-08 1991-07-08 Detergent compositions containing polyhydroxy fatty acid amide surfactants and a clay softening system
JP50223493A JPH06508876A (en) 1991-07-08 1992-06-24
PCT/US1992/005269 WO1993001267A1 (en) 1991-07-08 1992-06-24 Detergent compositions containing polyhydroxy fatty acid amide surfactants and a clay softening system
CA 2113067 CA2113067C (en) 1991-07-08 1992-06-24 Detergent compositions containing polyhydroxy fatty acid amide surfactants and a clay softening sytem
HU9400051A HUT66853A (en) 1991-07-08 1992-06-24 Detergent compositions containing polyhydroxy fatty acid amide surfactants and a clay softening system
TR61592A TR26835A (en) 1991-07-08 1992-06-30 Polyhydroxy oily ketleme system
PT10064492A PT100644A (en) 1991-07-08 1992-06-30 detergent compositions for washing clothes containing a surfactant fatty acid polihidroxiamida and a clay softening system
IN186294B IN186294B (en) 1991-07-08 1992-07-01 A detergent composition containing poly-hydroxy fatty acid amide surfactants and a clay softening system
IE922133A IE922133A1 (en) 1991-07-08 1992-07-01 Detergent compositions containing polyhydroxy fatty acid¹amide surfactants and a clay softening system
MX9203995A MX9203995A (en) 1991-07-08 1992-07-07 detergent compositions containing surfactants polyhydroxy fatty acid amide softener system and clay.
MA22868A MA22585A1 (en) 1991-07-08 1992-07-07 detergent compositions containing surfactants amide polyhydroxy fatty acid and a softening system based on angle.
CN 92109294 CN1037452C (en) 1991-07-08 1992-07-08 Detergent compsns. containing polyhydroxy fatty acid amide surfactants and clay softening system
TW81105902A TW216802B (en) 1991-07-08 1992-07-25

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0522206A1 true true EP0522206A1 (en) 1993-01-13
EP0522206B1 EP0522206B1 (en) 1995-09-20

Family

ID=8207767

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP19910201773 Expired - Lifetime EP0522206B1 (en) 1991-07-08 1991-07-08 Detergent compositions containing polyhydroxy fatty acid amide surfactants and a clay softening system

Country Status (7)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0522206B1 (en)
JP (1) JPH06508876A (en)
CN (1) CN1037452C (en)
CA (1) CA2113067C (en)
DE (2) DE69113259D1 (en)
ES (1) ES2077154T3 (en)
WO (1) WO1993001267A1 (en)

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1994019440A1 (en) * 1993-02-24 1994-09-01 Unilever Plc Detergent composition
EP0628624A1 (en) 1993-06-09 1994-12-14 THE PROCTER &amp; GAMBLE COMPANY Protease containing dye transfer inhibiting compositions
WO1995000625A1 (en) * 1993-06-25 1995-01-05 The Procter & Gamble Company Granular laundry detergent compositions containing lipase and sodium nonanoyloxybenzene sulfonate
EP0635566A1 (en) * 1993-07-23 1995-01-25 THE PROCTER &amp; GAMBLE COMPANY Detergent compositions inhibiting dye transfer
EP0635565A1 (en) * 1993-07-23 1995-01-25 THE PROCTER &amp; GAMBLE COMPANY Detergent compositions inhibiting dye transfer
EP0635563A1 (en) * 1993-07-22 1995-01-25 THE PROCTER &amp; GAMBLE COMPANY Dye-transfer-inhibiting compositions containing fabric-softening agent
WO1996006150A1 (en) * 1994-08-25 1996-02-29 Henkel Kommanditgesellschaft Auf Aktien Detergent mixtures with improved cleansing power
EP0719856A1 (en) * 1994-12-29 1996-07-03 THE PROCTER &amp; GAMBLE COMPANY Softening-through-the-wash laundry detergent compositions
US5604197A (en) * 1993-07-22 1997-02-18 The Procter & Gamble Company Softening through the wash compositions
EP0919608A1 (en) * 1997-11-25 1999-06-02 THE PROCTER &amp; GAMBLE COMPANY Use of a polyhydroxyfatty acid amide compound as a softening compound
GB2352245A (en) * 1999-07-22 2001-01-24 Procter & Gamble Detergent compositions
EP3085761A1 (en) * 2015-04-20 2016-10-26 Hayata Kimya Sanayi Anonim Sirketi Laundry detergent for use in washing of white and coloured fabrics together

Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0593406A1 (en) * 1992-10-13 1994-04-20 THE PROCTER &amp; GAMBLE COMPANY Non-aqueous liquid detergent compositions
WO1995033038A1 (en) * 1994-06-01 1995-12-07 The Procter & Gamble Company Sarcosinate with clay softeners in laundry compositions
DE19948671A1 (en) * 1999-10-08 2001-04-19 Cognis Deutschland Gmbh laundry detergent
JP6085454B2 (en) * 2012-11-29 2017-02-22 株式会社ミルボン Washing soap

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2965576A (en) * 1956-05-14 1960-12-20 Procter & Gamble Detergent compositions
FR1580491A (en) * 1967-07-19 1969-09-05
EP0220676A1 (en) * 1985-10-29 1987-05-06 Süddeutsche Zucker-Aktiengesellschaft Fatty-acid amides of aminopolyols as non-ionogenic tensides
EP0285768A1 (en) * 1987-04-08 1988-10-12 Hüls Aktiengesellschaft Use of N-polyhydroxyalkyl fatty acides amides as thickening agents for liquid aqueous surface-actif systems
EP0328182A2 (en) * 1988-02-10 1989-08-16 THE PROCTER &amp; GAMBLE COMPANY Stable liquid laundry detergent-fabric conditioning composition
EP0387426A2 (en) * 1988-12-21 1990-09-19 THE PROCTER &amp; GAMBLE COMPANY Fabric softening compositions containing natural hectorite clay

Family Cites Families (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2703798A (en) * 1950-05-25 1955-03-08 Commercial Solvents Corp Detergents from nu-monoalkyl-glucamines
US2662073A (en) * 1951-04-27 1953-12-08 Charles L Mehltretter Gluconamides
US2982737A (en) * 1957-05-27 1961-05-02 Rohm & Haas Detergent bars
US3852211A (en) * 1972-08-09 1974-12-03 Procter & Gamble Detergent compositions
US3915882A (en) * 1972-11-10 1975-10-28 Procter & Gamble Soap compositions
EP0112344A1 (en) * 1982-06-11 1984-07-04 National Research Development Corporation Amphipathic compounds
EP0299575B1 (en) * 1987-07-14 1994-01-12 THE PROCTER &amp; GAMBLE COMPANY Detergent compositions

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2965576A (en) * 1956-05-14 1960-12-20 Procter & Gamble Detergent compositions
FR1580491A (en) * 1967-07-19 1969-09-05
EP0220676A1 (en) * 1985-10-29 1987-05-06 Süddeutsche Zucker-Aktiengesellschaft Fatty-acid amides of aminopolyols as non-ionogenic tensides
EP0285768A1 (en) * 1987-04-08 1988-10-12 Hüls Aktiengesellschaft Use of N-polyhydroxyalkyl fatty acides amides as thickening agents for liquid aqueous surface-actif systems
EP0328182A2 (en) * 1988-02-10 1989-08-16 THE PROCTER &amp; GAMBLE COMPANY Stable liquid laundry detergent-fabric conditioning composition
EP0387426A2 (en) * 1988-12-21 1990-09-19 THE PROCTER &amp; GAMBLE COMPANY Fabric softening compositions containing natural hectorite clay

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1994019440A1 (en) * 1993-02-24 1994-09-01 Unilever Plc Detergent composition
EP0628624A1 (en) 1993-06-09 1994-12-14 THE PROCTER &amp; GAMBLE COMPANY Protease containing dye transfer inhibiting compositions
WO1995000625A1 (en) * 1993-06-25 1995-01-05 The Procter & Gamble Company Granular laundry detergent compositions containing lipase and sodium nonanoyloxybenzene sulfonate
US5604197A (en) * 1993-07-22 1997-02-18 The Procter & Gamble Company Softening through the wash compositions
EP0635563A1 (en) * 1993-07-22 1995-01-25 THE PROCTER &amp; GAMBLE COMPANY Dye-transfer-inhibiting compositions containing fabric-softening agent
EP0635566A1 (en) * 1993-07-23 1995-01-25 THE PROCTER &amp; GAMBLE COMPANY Detergent compositions inhibiting dye transfer
EP0635565A1 (en) * 1993-07-23 1995-01-25 THE PROCTER &amp; GAMBLE COMPANY Detergent compositions inhibiting dye transfer
WO1996006150A1 (en) * 1994-08-25 1996-02-29 Henkel Kommanditgesellschaft Auf Aktien Detergent mixtures with improved cleansing power
EP0719856A1 (en) * 1994-12-29 1996-07-03 THE PROCTER &amp; GAMBLE COMPANY Softening-through-the-wash laundry detergent compositions
EP0919608A1 (en) * 1997-11-25 1999-06-02 THE PROCTER &amp; GAMBLE COMPANY Use of a polyhydroxyfatty acid amide compound as a softening compound
WO1999027045A1 (en) * 1997-11-25 1999-06-03 The Procter & Gamble Company Use of a polyhydroxy fatty acid amide compound as a softening compound
GB2352245A (en) * 1999-07-22 2001-01-24 Procter & Gamble Detergent compositions
EP3085761A1 (en) * 2015-04-20 2016-10-26 Hayata Kimya Sanayi Anonim Sirketi Laundry detergent for use in washing of white and coloured fabrics together
WO2016171636A1 (en) * 2015-04-20 2016-10-27 Hayat Kimya Sanayi Anonim Şirketi Laundry detergent for use in washing of white and colored fabrics together

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
CA2113067C (en) 1997-12-16 grant
WO1993001267A1 (en) 1993-01-21 application
CN1037452C (en) 1998-02-18 grant
DE69113259T2 (en) 1996-05-15 grant
JPH06508876A (en) 1994-10-06 application
EP0522206B1 (en) 1995-09-20 grant
DE69113259D1 (en) 1995-10-26 grant
CN1070223A (en) 1993-03-24 application
ES2077154T3 (en) 1995-11-16 grant
CA2113067A1 (en) 1993-01-21 application

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US4412934A (en) Bleaching compositions
US4539130A (en) Peroxygen bleach activators and bleaching compositions
US5405413A (en) Bleaching compounds comprising acyl valerolactam bleach activators
US5817614A (en) Color-safe bleach boosters, compositions and laundry methods employing same
US6133222A (en) Detergent compositions containing selected mid-chain branched surfactants
US5968893A (en) Laundry detergent compositions and methods for providing soil release to cotton fabric
US5723426A (en) Liquid laundry detergent compositions containing surfactants and silicone emulsions
US6060443A (en) Mid-chain branched alkyl sulfate surfactants
US6008181A (en) Mid-Chain branched Alkoxylated Sulfate Surfactants
US5019292A (en) Detergent compositions
US6136769A (en) Alkoxylated cationic detergency ingredients
US5698046A (en) Automatic dishwashing detergent with alkoxy or aryloxy amide surfactant
US5958858A (en) Low anionic surfactant detergent compositions
US5686401A (en) Bleaching compounds comprising N-acyl caprolactam for use in hand-wash or other low-water cleaning systems
US6440926B1 (en) Effervescent compositions and dry effervescent granules
US5174927A (en) Process for preparing brightener-containing liquid detergent compositions with polyhydroxy fatty acid amines
US6008178A (en) Detergent composition comprising cationic ester surfactant and protease enzyme
US20030166484A1 (en) Coated, granular n-alkylammonium acetonitrile salts and use thereof as bleach activators
US6228829B1 (en) Granular detergent compositions comprising mid-chain branched surfactants
US6040288A (en) Fabric color protection compositions and methods
US5338491A (en) Cleaning compositions with glycerol amides
US4698181A (en) Detergent compositions containing triethylenetetraminehexaacetic acid
US5837670A (en) Detergent compositions having suds suppressing properties
US5405412A (en) Bleaching compounds comprising N-acyl caprolactam and alkanoyloxybenzene sulfonate bleach activators
US4861502A (en) Conditioning agent containing amine ion-pair complexes and composiitons thereof

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AK Designated contracting states:

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): AT BE CH DE DK ES FR GB GR IT LI LU NL SE

17P Request for examination filed

Effective date: 19930701

17Q First examination report

Effective date: 19931015

RBV Designated contracting states (correction):

Designated state(s): BE DE ES FR GB IT NL

AK Designated contracting states:

Kind code of ref document: B1

Designated state(s): BE DE ES FR GB IT NL

REF Corresponds to:

Ref document number: 69113259

Country of ref document: DE

Date of ref document: 19951026

Format of ref document f/p: P

ET Fr: translation filed
REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: ES

Ref legal event code: FG2A

Ref document number: 2077154

Country of ref document: ES

Kind code of ref document: T3

Format of ref document f/p: P

ITF It: translation for a ep patent filed

Owner name: ING. C. GREGORJ S.P.A.

26N No opposition filed
PGFP Postgrant: annual fees paid to national office

Ref country code: GB

Payment date: 20000614

Year of fee payment: 10

PGFP Postgrant: annual fees paid to national office

Ref country code: NL

Payment date: 20000620

Year of fee payment: 10

PGFP Postgrant: annual fees paid to national office

Ref country code: FR

Payment date: 20000707

Year of fee payment: 10

PGFP Postgrant: annual fees paid to national office

Ref country code: ES

Payment date: 20000713

Year of fee payment: 10

PGFP Postgrant: annual fees paid to national office

Ref country code: DE

Payment date: 20000727

Year of fee payment: 10

PGFP Postgrant: annual fees paid to national office

Ref country code: BE

Payment date: 20000814

Year of fee payment: 10

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: GB

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20010708

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: ES

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20010709

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: BE

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20010731

BERE Be: lapsed

Owner name: THE PROCTER & GAMBLE CY

Effective date: 20010731

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: NL

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20020201

GBPC Gb: european patent ceased through non-payment of renewal fee

Effective date: 20010708

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: FR

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20020329

NLV4 Nl: lapsed or anulled due to non-payment of the annual fee

Effective date: 20020201

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: DE

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20020501

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: FR

Ref legal event code: ST

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: ES

Ref legal event code: FD2A

Effective date: 20020810

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: IT

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20050708