EP0504536A1 - Concrete paving blocks - Google Patents

Concrete paving blocks Download PDF

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Publication number
EP0504536A1
EP0504536A1 EP91810182A EP91810182A EP0504536A1 EP 0504536 A1 EP0504536 A1 EP 0504536A1 EP 91810182 A EP91810182 A EP 91810182A EP 91810182 A EP91810182 A EP 91810182A EP 0504536 A1 EP0504536 A1 EP 0504536A1
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Prior art keywords
grooves
concrete
stones
narrow sides
water
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EP91810182A
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German (de)
French (fr)
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EP0504536B1 (en
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Rolf Scheiwiller
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Rolf Scheiwiller
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C11/00Details of pavings
    • E01C11/22Gutters; Kerbs ; Surface drainage of streets, roads or like traffic areas
    • E01C11/224Surface drainage of streets
    • E01C11/225Paving specially adapted for through-the-surfacing drainage, e.g. perforated, porous; Preformed paving elements comprising, or adapted to form, passageways for carrying off drainage
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C5/00Pavings made of prefabricated single units
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01FADDITIONAL WORK, SUCH AS EQUIPPING ROADS OR THE CONSTRUCTION OF PLATFORMS, HELICOPTER LANDING STAGES, SIGNS, SNOW FENCES, OR THE LIKE
    • E01F9/00Arrangement of road signs or traffic signals; Arrangements for enforcing caution
    • E01F9/50Road surface markings; Kerbs or road edgings, specially adapted for alerting road users
    • E01F9/535Kerbs or road edgings specially adapted for alerting road users
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C2201/00Paving elements
    • E01C2201/02Paving elements having fixed spacing features
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C2201/00Paving elements
    • E01C2201/20Drainage details
    • E01C2201/202Horizontal drainage channels
    • E01C2201/207Horizontal drainage channels channels on the bottom

Abstract

The concrete paving block is provided on one of its flat sides (6) with channels (7, 8) and its narrow sides (4) have spacing cams (5) which, seen from the flat side with channels, do not extend over the entire height of the narrow sides, in order to accelerate water penetration. The concrete paving blocks are used with the side provided with channels (7) facing downwards, the channels serving as a water reservoir for rapidly accommodating rain water. As a result, only excess water is conducted into the drains. <IMAGE>

Description

  • Die vorliegende Erfindung bezieht sich auf einen Beton-Formstein, der insbesondere vorgesehen ist als Sickerstein zu dienen. Mit zunehmender Ueberbauungsdichte wird das Ableiten von Regenwasser, insbesondere bei Regengüssen oder grossen Regenmengen immer schwieriger. Man kann nun Pflastersteine mit relativ grossen Distanzhaltern verlegen, welches auch die Begrünung ermöglicht, jedoch werden dann diese Pflästerungen relativ schlecht begehbar.The present invention relates to a shaped concrete block, which is particularly intended to serve as a seepage block. The drainage of rainwater becomes more and more difficult, especially in the case of downpours or large amounts of rain, with increasing density of overbuildings. You can now lay paving stones with relatively large spacers, which also enables greening, but then these pavements are relatively difficult to walk on.
  • Es sind auch Rasengitter-Steine bekannt, beispielsweise aus der DE-A-37 22 683, die Oeffnungen und Bewuchs enthalten, wo das Wasser relativ rasch abfliessen kann. 683. Doch sind auch diese Rasengitter-Steine schlecht begehbar. Ausserdem weist dieser Formstein an seiner Unterseite kegelförmige Sicken oder dergleichen auf, um eine bessere Verankerung mit dem Untergrund zu erzielen, jedoch wird darin das Abwasserproblem mit keinem Wort berührt.There are also grass lattice stones known, for example from DE-A-37 22 683, which contain openings and vegetation, where the water can drain off relatively quickly. 683. However, these grass pavers are also difficult to walk on. In addition, this shaped stone has conical beads or the like on its underside in order to achieve better anchoring to the subsurface, but the sewage problem is not touched in any way.
  • Ferner können Pflastersteine aus porösem, wasserdurchlässigem Beton hergestellt werden, doch sind die Poren nach kurzer Zeit verschmutzt und überdies unterliegt dieser Beton einem hohen Abrieb.Paving stones can also be made from porous, water-permeable concrete, but the pores become dirty after a short time and, moreover, this concrete is subject to high abrasion.
  • Das französische Patent Nr. 1 004 695 beschreibt einen Pflasterstein für die Herstellung von Flugzeugpisten oder Strassen, in welchem in der Mitte desselben, von der Unterseite her gesehen, eine Aushöhlung vorgesehen ist, in welche Sand gefüllt werden kann, um zu gewährleisten, dass der Pflasterstein immer eben liegt. Doch ist dort nichts über das Verhalten der Steine bei Regen ausgesagt.French Patent No. 1 004 695 describes a paving stone for the manufacture of aircraft runways or roads, in which a hollow is provided in the center thereof, seen from the underside, into which sand can be filled in order to ensure that the Paving stone always lies flat. But nothing is said about the behavior of the stones when it rains.
  • Es ist ausgehend von diesem bekannten Stand der Technik Aufgabe der vorliegenden Erfindung einen Beton-Formstein anzugeben, der, als Pflasterstein verlegt, leicht begehbar ist und den Abfluss einer grossen Menge von Regenwasser oder dergleichen ermöglicht. Der Formstein, der diese Aufgabe löst, ist in den Ansprüchen definiert.It is based on this known prior art Object of the present invention to provide a concrete block which, when laid as a paving stone, is easy to walk on and enables the outflow of a large amount of rainwater or the like. The stone that solves this task is defined in the claims.
  • Die Erfindung wird im folgenden anhand einer Zeichnung eines Ausführungsbeispiels näher erläutert.
    • Figur 1 zeigt ein erstes Ausführungsbeispiel eines erfindungsgemässen Formsteins perspektivisch von oben,
    • Figur 2 zeigt den Stein von Figur 1 perspektivisch von unten,
    • Figur 3 zeigt einige verlegte Formsteine gemäss Figur 1 in einem Schnitt,
    • Figur 4 zeigt die verlegten Steine gemäss Figur 3 von oben,
    • Figur 5 zeigt ein zweites Ausführungsbeispiel eines erfindungsgemässen Formsteins und
    • Figur 6 zeigt Formsteine in einem Wasser-Rückhaltesystem.
    The invention is explained below with reference to a drawing of an embodiment.
    • FIG. 1 shows a first exemplary embodiment of a shaped block according to the invention in perspective from above,
    • Figure 2 shows the stone of Figure 1 in perspective from below,
    • FIG. 3 shows a section of some laid shaped stones according to FIG. 1,
    • FIG. 4 shows the stones laid according to FIG. 3 from above,
    • FIG. 5 shows a second exemplary embodiment of a shaped block according to the invention and
    • Figure 6 shows shaped stones in a water retention system.
  • Die Figuren 1 und 2 zeigen einen Formstein 1, der im Prinzip eine beliebige äussere Form besitzen kann, d.h. der quadratisch oder rechteckig sein kann. Das gleiche trifft für die Oberfläche 2 zu, die entweder glatt oder aufgerauht oder sonst beliebig bearbeitet sein kann und auch die sichtbaren oberen Kanten 3 können gerade oder ähnlich einem Naturstein mit Einbuchtungen versehen sein. Der vorliegende Formstein besitzt an seinen vier Schmalseiten 4 je drei Abstandsnocken 5, die sich, von der Unterseite 6 aus gesehen, nicht über die ganze Höhe erstrecken. Die Abstandsnocken 5 weisen eine geringe Dicke auf, um relativ enge, gut begehbare Fugen zu ergeben. Die Unterseite 6 des Formsteins ist mit Rillen 7 versehen, wobei in vorliegendem Beispiel zwei ganze Rillen 7 und beidseitig je eine halbe Rille 8 vorgesehen sind, die einen Absatz bilden.Figures 1 and 2 show a shaped block 1, which in principle can have any external shape, that can be square or rectangular. The same applies to the surface 2, which can either be smooth or roughened or processed in any other way, and the visible upper edges 3 can also be indented in a straight or similar manner to a natural stone. The present shaped block has on its four narrow sides 4 three spacer cams 5 which, seen from the underside 6, do not overlap extend the entire height. The spacer cams 5 have a small thickness in order to produce relatively narrow, easily accessible joints. The underside 6 of the shaped block is provided with grooves 7, in the present example two whole grooves 7 and on both sides a half groove 8 are provided, which form a shoulder.
  • Im Schnitt der Figur 3 erkennt man, dass die Rillen 7 geeignet sind, ein Reservoir zu bilden, d.h. einen Anteil des abfliessenden Oberflächenwassers zurückzubehalten, womit sich die Sickerwassermenge erheblich erhöht. Das heisst mit anderen Worten, dass weniger Wasser über die Kanalisation abgeleitet wird und ein beachtlicher Anteil des Wassers zuerst aufgefangen und schliesslich in den Boden geleitet wird. Zu diesem Zwecke ist es auch in vorliegendem Falle vorteilhaft, über dem Unterbau 9 ein Sand- oder Splittbett 10 vorzusehen.In the section of Figure 3 it can be seen that the grooves 7 are suitable for forming a reservoir, i.e. to retain a portion of the surface water flowing off, which significantly increases the amount of leachate. In other words, less water is drained off through the sewer system and a considerable proportion of the water is first collected and finally discharged into the ground. For this purpose, it is also advantageous in the present case to provide a bed of sand or grit 10 above the substructure 9.
  • Durch die Vibrationen der Rüttelverdichter wird das Schluckvermögen des Unterbaus stark vermindert und um dort Abhilfe zu schaffen, kann der Unterbau gemäss Figur 6 gestaltet werden. Zu diesem Zwecke wird unter der Kiesschicht 10 ein Sickerrohr 14 verlegt, wobei die Bohrung dafür mittels herkömmlicher Bohrer angefertigt wird. Das Sickerrohr hat üblicherweise eine Anzahl Löcher 15 und einen Deckel 16, auf den zweckmässigerweise eine Vliessmatte 17 oder dergleichen Filtermatte gelegt wird, um Kies und Schmutz aufzufangen. Dieses System, Formsteine mit Rillen und Sickerrohre, gewährleistet ein Einbringen von viel Wasser in den Boden.The vibrations of the vibrating compressors greatly reduce the swallowing capacity of the substructure and, in order to remedy this, the substructure can be designed according to FIG. 6. For this purpose, a drain pipe 14 is laid under the gravel layer 10, the bore being made for this purpose by means of conventional drills. The percolation pipe usually has a number of holes 15 and a cover 16, on which a fleece mat 17 or similar filter mat is expediently placed in order to collect gravel and dirt. This system, shaped stones with grooves and drainage pipes, ensures that a lot of water is brought into the ground.
  • Gemäss Figur 4 sind die Formsteine derart aneinandergelegt, dass jeweils die Abstandnocken aufeinandertreffen, um eine definierte Fugenbreite zu ergeben, die jedoch so schmal ist, dass auch Schuhe mit schmalen Absätzen nicht darin steckenbleiben. Andererseits ist die Fugenbreite gross genug, dass das Wasser in die Rillen und damit auch in den Untergrund gelangen kann. Die Rillen haben jedoch nicht nur die Funktion, Wasser im Regenfall zurückzubehalten, sondern auch die Aufgabe, Schmutzteile zurückzuhalten. Damit wird verhindert, dass zuviel Schmutz in den Untergrund gelangt. Nach einer gewissen Zeit besteht die Gefahr, dass die Schmutzteile die Rillen verstopfen, wodurch deren Funktion aufgehoben würde. Um dem abzuhelfen ist es möglich, die nicht verzahnt, sondern aneinandergereihten Formsteine mittels Haken oder dergleichen anzuheben und zu reinigen, womit deren Funktionsfähigkeit wieder voll herstellbar ist.According to FIG. 4, the shaped blocks are placed against one another in such a way that the spacing cams meet each other in order to give a defined joint width, which is however so narrow that shoes with narrow heels do not get stuck in them. On the other hand, the joint width big enough that the water can get into the grooves and thus also into the underground. However, the grooves not only have the function of retaining water in the rain, but also the task of retaining dirt particles. This prevents too much dirt from getting into the ground. After a certain time, there is a risk that the dirt particles clog the grooves, which would stop their function. In order to remedy this, it is possible to lift and clean the shaped stones, which are not interlocked but lined up, by means of hooks or the like, so that their functionality can be fully restored.
  • Aus den Figuren 3 und 4 geht ferner hervor, dass diese Rückstaufunktion für Schmutzteile verbessert werden kann, falls eine Reihe Formsteine umgekehrt verlegt werden, d.h. mit den Rillen nach oben. Der Abfall und die Schmutzteile gelangen dann in die Rillen und können dann durch Saugmaschinen oder dergleichen von dort entfernt werden, womit auch dort die volle Funktionsfähigkeit wieder hergestellt werden kann.It can also be seen from FIGS. 3 and 4 that this backflow function for dirt parts can be improved if a number of shaped blocks are laid upside down, i.e. with the grooves up. The waste and the dirt parts then get into the grooves and can then be removed from there by suction machines or the like, with which the full functionality can also be restored there.
  • Solche umgekehrten Formsteine mit der Rille nach oben können ausserdem anstelle von speziell verlegten Rüttelsteinen oder dergleichen verwendet werden, um Automobilisten eine Langsamfahrzone zu signalisieren. Solche Rillensteine machen sich zwar bemerkbar, jedoch nicht so stark wie die Buckelpflasterungen, die meistens dazu verwendet werden, und sowohl in der Verlegung als auch in der Herstellung der Unterbaubuckel teuer sind.Such inverted shaped stones with the groove facing upwards can also be used instead of specially laid vibrating stones or the like in order to signal a slow driving zone to motorists. Such grooved stones are noticeable, but not as strong as the mound pavement, which is mostly used for this, and which are expensive to install and to manufacture.
  • Falls die vorgehend beschriebenen Formsteine derart verlegt werden, dass dazwischen eine Begrünung stattfinden kann, verbessern die Rillen die Bewässerung der Bepflanzung wesentlich. Das schnellere Ableiten des Wassers, respektive die Vergrösserung der Begrünungsfläche, können durch Massnahmen vorgenommen werden, die in Figur 5 dargestellt sind. Der Formstein 11 enthält neben den Abstands-Nocken 5 und den Rillen 7 eine Anzahl von durchgehenden Nuten 12, die in den Seitenflächen 13 angeordnet sind. Bei dem Rechteckstein 11 sind an den Längsseiten zwei und an den Querseiten eine Nut vorgesehen, doch ist es selbstverständlich, dass diese Anzahl und deren Grösse variieren kann. In vorliegendem Beispiel sind die Nuten etwa halbkreisförmig gestaltet, doch spielt die Form für deren Funktion keine Rolle.If the stones described above are laid in such a way that greening can take place between them, the grooves will significantly improve the irrigation of the planting. The faster drainage of the water, or the enlargement of the greening area, can be carried out by measures that are shown in Figure 5. In addition to the spacing cams 5 and the grooves 7, the shaped block 11 contains a number of continuous grooves 12 which are arranged in the side surfaces 13. The rectangular stone 11 has two grooves on the long sides and one groove on the transverse sides, but it goes without saying that this number and its size can vary. In the present example, the grooves are roughly semicircular, but the shape is irrelevant for their function.
  • Aus obigem geht hervor, dass die Fugen zwischen den Formsteinen nicht ausgesandet werden müssen. In diesem Falle ist es dann vorteilhaft, wenn anstatt Abstands-Nocken, mit woran die Steine aneinanderstossend verlegt werden, die Steine mit einer Verzahnung versehen sind, wobei zwecks guter Ableitung des Sickerwassers entweder die einen Zähne einer Seite oder vereinzelte Zähne schmäler sein müssen als die entsprechenden Lücken am anderen Stein, oder die Steine sowohl mit Abstands-Nocken als auch mit Zähnen versehen sind.The above shows that the joints between the shaped blocks do not have to be sanded out. In this case, it is advantageous if, instead of spacing cams, with which the stones are laid abutting one another, the stones are provided with a toothing, in order to ensure good drainage of the leachate, either one tooth on one side or isolated teeth must be narrower than that corresponding gaps on the other stone, or the stones are provided with spacing cams as well as teeth.
  • Die Formsteine können aus einem beliebigen, dazu üblichen Material hergestellt werden und verschiedene Einfärbungen aufweisen.The shaped blocks can be made from any conventional material and have different colors.

Claims (6)

  1. Beton-Formstein, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass einer seiner Flachseiten (6) mit Rillen (7, 8) versehen ist.Concrete block, characterized in that one of its flat sides (6) is provided with grooves (7, 8).
  2. Beton-Formstein nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass seine Schmalseiten (4, 13) Abstandsnocken (5) und/oder eine Verzahnung aufweisen, wobei sich die Nocken oder Zähne, von der Flachseite mit Rillen aus gesehen, nicht über die ganze Höhe der Schmalseiten erstrecken.Concrete block according to claim 1, characterized in that its narrow sides (4, 13) have spacing cams (5) and / or a toothing, the cams or teeth, as seen from the flat side with grooves, not over the entire height of the Extend narrow sides.
  3. Beton-Formstein nach Anspruch 1 oder 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass die Schmalseiten (13) mit durchgehenden Nuten (12) versehen sind.Concrete block according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the narrow sides (13) are provided with continuous grooves (12).
  4. Verwendung von Beton-Formsteinen nach den Ansprüchen 1 bis 3 mit der mit Rillen (7) versehenen Seite nach unten für die schnelle Aufnahme und Speicherung von Regenwasser.Use of concrete blocks according to claims 1 to 3 with the side provided with grooves (7) downwards for the rapid absorption and storage of rainwater.
  5. Verwendung der Beton-Formsteine nach Anspruch 4, wobei eine Anzahl Steine mit der mit Rillen versehenen Seite nach oben verlegt sind, um Schmutzteile zurückzuhalten, oder als Signalisation einer Langsamfahrzone zu dienen.Use of the concrete shaped blocks according to claim 4, wherein a number of stones are laid with the grooved side upwards in order to retain dirt particles or to serve as a signal for a slow travel zone.
  6. Verwendung der Beton-Formsteine nach den Ansprüchen 4 oder 5 mit einem Unterbau, in welchem unter der Kiesschicht (10) Sickerrohre (14) verlegt sind, die mit einem Deckel (16) und darüberliegender Filtermatte (17) versehen sind.Use of the shaped concrete blocks according to claims 4 or 5 with a substructure, in which under the gravel layer (10) seepage pipes (14) are laid, which are provided with a cover (16) and filter mat (17) above.
EP91810182A 1991-03-20 1991-03-20 Concrete paving blocks Expired - Lifetime EP0504536B1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP91810182A EP0504536B1 (en) 1991-03-20 1991-03-20 Concrete paving blocks

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE59106950T DE59106950D1 (en) 1991-03-20 1991-03-20 Concrete shaped blocks.
AT91810182T AT130646T (en) 1991-03-20 1991-03-20 Concrete shaped stones.
EP91810182A EP0504536B1 (en) 1991-03-20 1991-03-20 Concrete paving blocks

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EP0504536A1 true EP0504536A1 (en) 1992-09-23
EP0504536B1 EP0504536B1 (en) 1995-11-22

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EP91810182A Expired - Lifetime EP0504536B1 (en) 1991-03-20 1991-03-20 Concrete paving blocks

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AT (1) AT130646T (en)
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Cited By (20)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0627526A1 (en) * 1993-05-26 1994-12-07 KOBRA FORMEN-UND ANLAGENBAU GmbH Paving stone
DE4339816A1 (en) * 1993-11-23 1995-06-01 Weber Hans Juergen Artificial paving-stone
WO1995030050A1 (en) * 1994-05-03 1995-11-09 Sf-Kooperation Gmbh Beton-Konzepte Ground covering consisting of concrete blocks and device for retaining the infiltration capacity of such covering
WO1996032538A1 (en) * 1995-04-08 1996-10-17 Gerhard Hiesl Paving stone system useful for keeping public squares dry (infiltration and draining system) and for protecting groundwater
WO1996037657A1 (en) * 1995-05-24 1996-11-28 Rolf Scheiwiller Moulded block, in particular made of concrete
EP0785309A1 (en) * 1996-01-18 1997-07-23 Klinkerwerk Hagemeister GmbH &amp; Co KG Paving or facing stone, array of such stones and process for making such stones and arrays
DE19607989A1 (en) * 1996-03-03 1997-09-04 Angermueller Bau Gmbh Cuboid-formed paving stone for flat water seepage
NL1002959C2 (en) * 1996-04-26 1997-10-28 Betonwarenfabriek Urmond B V Paving block with drainage channels
WO1998032925A1 (en) * 1997-01-25 1998-07-30 Rolf Scheiwiller Moulded brick building set
WO1998050632A1 (en) 1997-05-02 1998-11-12 Rolf Scheiwiller Shaped block, especially a concrete block
EP0921231A1 (en) * 1997-12-08 1999-06-09 Michael Scharl Pavement tile and surfacing with enlarged joint spectrum
DE19801980A1 (en) * 1998-01-20 1999-08-05 Heinrich Luttmann Gmbh & Co Kg Method for production of paving blocks
WO1999064680A1 (en) * 1998-06-11 1999-12-16 Formpave Limited Paving block
EP0999308A1 (en) * 1998-11-04 2000-05-10 KOBRA FORMEN-UND ANLAGENBAU GmbH Moulded stone
DE19918143A1 (en) * 1999-04-21 2000-10-26 Sf Koop Gmbh Beton Konzepte Concrete paving slab; has circular or annular spacers of deformable plasters fixed onto vertical side faces of slab, to define gap between neighbouring slabs
EP1275784A3 (en) * 2001-06-26 2003-02-26 Jakob Gerrit Hendrik Pannekoek Improved element for bank protection
WO2003031721A1 (en) * 2001-10-05 2003-04-17 Sf-Kooperation Gmbh Beton-Konzepte Concrete-moulded stone and ready-to-assemble construction made of moulded stones
DE102005049727A1 (en) * 2005-10-14 2007-04-19 Lahres, Werner Interlocking concrete paver for manufacturing of seeping pavement, has upper side and lower side whereby recess is formed in edge for formation of hole, wherein recess is partly overlapped by material of upper side
DE202012002376U1 (en) 2012-03-08 2012-04-23 Franz Schlecht Building board, especially terrace tile
EP3690138A3 (en) * 2019-01-11 2020-10-28 Girnghuber GmbH Paving bricks with laying assistance

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DE102004011524A1 (en) * 2004-03-08 2005-10-13 Max Steinhart Gmbh Pflaster- Und Natursteinbau Method for laying panels and panel laying apparatus

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DE1944339U (en) * 1966-05-04 1966-08-18 Gerhard Dr Ing Abendroth Slab stone for motor vehicle driveways.
DE7245452U (en) * 1972-12-12 1973-07-05 Hess E
DE7638219U1 (en) * 1976-12-07 1977-03-24 Willeck, Hermann, 6331 Werdorf Device for ventilating and watering the roots of trees
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Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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EP0627526A1 (en) * 1993-05-26 1994-12-07 KOBRA FORMEN-UND ANLAGENBAU GmbH Paving stone
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WO1995030050A1 (en) * 1994-05-03 1995-11-09 Sf-Kooperation Gmbh Beton-Konzepte Ground covering consisting of concrete blocks and device for retaining the infiltration capacity of such covering
WO1996032538A1 (en) * 1995-04-08 1996-10-17 Gerhard Hiesl Paving stone system useful for keeping public squares dry (infiltration and draining system) and for protecting groundwater
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EP0785309A1 (en) * 1996-01-18 1997-07-23 Klinkerwerk Hagemeister GmbH &amp; Co KG Paving or facing stone, array of such stones and process for making such stones and arrays
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WO1998050632A1 (en) 1997-05-02 1998-11-12 Rolf Scheiwiller Shaped block, especially a concrete block
EP0921231A1 (en) * 1997-12-08 1999-06-09 Michael Scharl Pavement tile and surfacing with enlarged joint spectrum
DE19801980B4 (en) * 1998-01-20 2004-12-02 Heinrich Luttmann Gmbh & Co. Kg Beton- Und Kieswerke Device for producing a shaped block
DE19801980A1 (en) * 1998-01-20 1999-08-05 Heinrich Luttmann Gmbh & Co Kg Method for production of paving blocks
WO1999064680A1 (en) * 1998-06-11 1999-12-16 Formpave Limited Paving block
US6939077B1 (en) 1998-06-11 2005-09-06 Formpave Holdings Limited Paving block
EP0999308A1 (en) * 1998-11-04 2000-05-10 KOBRA FORMEN-UND ANLAGENBAU GmbH Moulded stone
DE19918143A1 (en) * 1999-04-21 2000-10-26 Sf Koop Gmbh Beton Konzepte Concrete paving slab; has circular or annular spacers of deformable plasters fixed onto vertical side faces of slab, to define gap between neighbouring slabs
EP1275784A3 (en) * 2001-06-26 2003-02-26 Jakob Gerrit Hendrik Pannekoek Improved element for bank protection
WO2003031721A1 (en) * 2001-10-05 2003-04-17 Sf-Kooperation Gmbh Beton-Konzepte Concrete-moulded stone and ready-to-assemble construction made of moulded stones
US7575392B2 (en) 2001-10-05 2009-08-18 Sf-Kooperation Gmbh Beton-Konzepte Concrete-molded stone and ready-to-assemble construction made of molded stones
DE102005049727A1 (en) * 2005-10-14 2007-04-19 Lahres, Werner Interlocking concrete paver for manufacturing of seeping pavement, has upper side and lower side whereby recess is formed in edge for formation of hole, wherein recess is partly overlapped by material of upper side
DE202012002376U1 (en) 2012-03-08 2012-04-23 Franz Schlecht Building board, especially terrace tile
EP3690138A3 (en) * 2019-01-11 2020-10-28 Girnghuber GmbH Paving bricks with laying assistance

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EP0504536B1 (en) 1995-11-22
DE59106950D1 (en) 1996-01-04

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