EP0429036B1 - Metallic housing for electrical connector - Google Patents

Metallic housing for electrical connector Download PDF

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Publication number
EP0429036B1
EP0429036B1 EP19900122069 EP90122069A EP0429036B1 EP 0429036 B1 EP0429036 B1 EP 0429036B1 EP 19900122069 EP19900122069 EP 19900122069 EP 90122069 A EP90122069 A EP 90122069A EP 0429036 B1 EP0429036 B1 EP 0429036B1
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EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
half
housing
housings
orifice
cables
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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EP19900122069
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German (de)
French (fr)
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EP0429036A1 (en
Inventor
Daniel Jamet
Christian Guiberteau
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Alcatel CIT SA
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Alcatel CIT SA
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Publication date
Priority to FR8915481 priority Critical
Priority to FR8915481A priority patent/FR2655208B1/en
Application filed by Alcatel CIT SA filed Critical Alcatel CIT SA
Publication of EP0429036A1 publication Critical patent/EP0429036A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP0429036B1 publication Critical patent/EP0429036B1/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R9/00Structural associations of a plurality of mutually-insulated electrical connecting elements, e.g. terminal strips or terminal blocks; Terminals or binding posts mounted upon a base or in a case; Bases therefor
    • H01R9/03Connectors arranged to contact a plurality of the conductors of a multiconductor cable, e.g. tapping connections
    • H01R9/05Connectors arranged to contact a plurality of the conductors of a multiconductor cable, e.g. tapping connections for coaxial cables
    • H01R9/053Connectors arranged to contact a plurality of the conductors of a multiconductor cable, e.g. tapping connections for coaxial cables using contact members penetrating insulation
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R13/00Details of coupling devices of the kinds covered by groups H01R12/70 or H01R24/00 - H01R33/00
    • H01R13/648Protective earth or shield arrangements on coupling devices, e.g. anti-static shielding
    • H01R13/658High frequency shielding arrangements, e.g. against EMI [Electro-Magnetic Interference] or EMP [Electro-Magnetic Pulse]
    • H01R13/6581Shield structure
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R13/00Details of coupling devices of the kinds covered by groups H01R12/70 or H01R24/00 - H01R33/00
    • H01R13/46Bases; Cases
    • H01R13/502Bases; Cases composed of different pieces
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R13/00Details of coupling devices of the kinds covered by groups H01R12/70 or H01R24/00 - H01R33/00
    • H01R13/648Protective earth or shield arrangements on coupling devices, e.g. anti-static shielding
    • H01R13/658High frequency shielding arrangements, e.g. against EMI [Electro-Magnetic Interference] or EMP [Electro-Magnetic Pulse]
    • H01R13/6591Specific features or arrangements of connection of shield to conductive members
    • H01R13/6592Specific features or arrangements of connection of shield to conductive members the conductive member being a shielded cable
    • H01R13/6593Specific features or arrangements of connection of shield to conductive members the conductive member being a shielded cable the shield being composed of different pieces
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R13/00Details of coupling devices of the kinds covered by groups H01R12/70 or H01R24/00 - H01R33/00
    • H01R13/648Protective earth or shield arrangements on coupling devices, e.g. anti-static shielding
    • H01R13/658High frequency shielding arrangements, e.g. against EMI [Electro-Magnetic Interference] or EMP [Electro-Magnetic Pulse]
    • H01R13/6591Specific features or arrangements of connection of shield to conductive members
    • H01R13/6596Specific features or arrangements of connection of shield to conductive members the conductive member being a metal grounding panel

Description

  • L'invention concerne un boîtier métallique pour connecteur électrique, plus particulièrement adapté pour des câbles comportant une tresse conductrice recouverte d'un isolant, cette tresse entourant au moins un conducteur électrique isolé et constituant un blindage contre des perturbations électromagnétiques. A metal housing for an electrical connector, particularly suitable for cables comprising a conductive braid covered with an insulator, this braid surrounding at least one insulated electrical conductor and forming a shield against electromagnetic disturbances.
  • Il est connu de protéger aussi l'extrémité de ce câble, lorsqu'elle est reliée à un connecteur, en munissant ce connecteur d'un boîtier métallique. It is also known to protect the end of the cable, when connected to a connector, by providing the connector with a metal housing. Ce dernier est relié électriquement à la tresse, d'une part, et, d'autre part, à un châssis métallique supportant une embase dans laquelle est inséré le connecteur. The latter is electrically connected to the braid, on the one hand, and, on the other hand, to a metal frame supporting a base in which is inserted the connector. Il est connu aussi d'utiliser un boîtier en matière plastique métallisée, qui est plus léger et moins coûteux qu'un boîtier entièrement métallique. It is also known to use a metallised plastic housing, which is lighter and less expensive than a full metal housing. Pour obtenir une bonne protection, il est essentiel que la tresse et le boîtier aient une résistance électrique de contact extrêmement faible. For good protection, it is essential that the braid and the housing have an electrical resistance of extremely weak contact.
  • La demande de brevet français 2 576 457 décrit un boîtier métallique, pour connecteur électrique, plus particulièrement adapté pour un câble comportant une tresse unique entourant une pluralité de conducteurs électriques isolés. The French patent application 2,576,457 discloses a metal housing for an electrical connector, more particularly suitable for a cable having a single braid surrounding a plurality of insulated electrical conductors. La tresse est dénudée sur une certaine longueur à son extrémité, et elle chapeaute une première virole qui est logée entre la tresse et l'isolant recouvrant les conducteurs. The braid is bared over a certain length at its end, and oversees a first ferrule which is accommodated between the braid and the insulation covering the conductors. Une seconde virole est extérieure à la tresse et entoure son extrémité. A second shroud is external to the braid and around its end. Cette seconde virole est en cuivre, par exemple. The second ferrule is copper, for example. Elle est déformée par sertissage, pour que soient solidarisées les deux viroles et la tresse. It is deformed by crimping, that are secured the two shells and the braid. La première virole est solidaire du boîtier, par conséquent la tresse est fixée solidement au boîtier et la résistance électrique entre le boîtier et la tresse est très faible. The first ferrule is fixed to the housing, therefore the braid is securely attached to the housing and the electrical resistance between the housing and the braid is very low.
  • Ce type de boîtier a pour inconvénient de nécessiter un nombre relativement grand d'opérations : une opération de dénudage de la tresse; This type of housing has the disadvantage of requiring a relatively large number of operations: a stripping operation of the braid; une opération de mise en place de la première virole entre la tresse et l'isolant; a set up operation of the first ferrule between the braid and the insulator; une opération de mise en place de la seconde virole autour de la tresse; a set up operation of the second ferrule around the braid; et une opération de sertissage. and a crimping operation. En outre, ce type de boîtier n'est pas bien adapté à la connexion d'une pluralité de petits câbles comportant chacun une tresse de blindage individuel. In addition, this type of box is not suitable for connecting a plurality of small cables each having an individual shielding.
  • D'autres types de boîtier connus comportent un anneau de caoutchouc, ou un anneau ressort, serré par une sorte d'écrou, pour presser la tresse de blindage d'un câble contre une partie du boîtier métallique, cette partie ayant généralement une forme conique. Other types of known housing comprises a rubber ring or a spring ring, clamped by a kind of nut for pressing the shielding braid of a cable against a portion of the metal casing, that portion generally having a conical shape .
  • Un autre type de boîtier connu comporte un orifice, pour le passage du câble, ayant une partie plane contre laquelle le câble peut être pressé au moyen d'un collier. Another type of known housing comprises an orifice for the passage of the cable, having a flat portion against which the cable can be pressed by means of a collar. Si le câble comporte une tresse de blindage, cette dernière est dénudée au niveau de l'orifice de ce boîtier, pour établir un contact électrique avec le boîtier à l'endroit où le collier serre le câble contre le boîtier. If the cable has a braided shield, the latter is stripped at the orifice of the housing, for making electrical contact with the case where the clamp clamps the cable against the housing. Tous ces types de boîtier connus ont pour inconvénients de nécessiter un dénudage de la tresse, et de comporter des moyens de serrage qui sont encombrants. All these known housing types have the drawbacks of requiring a stripping of the braid, and include clamping means which are bulky.
  • Le brevet américain n°4 758 179 décrit un boîtier de connecteur pour câble plat blindé, comportant : U.S. Patent No. 4,758,179 discloses a connector box for shielded flat cable, comprising:
    • deux coquilles métalliques assemblées par deux vis ; two metal shells assembled by two screws;
    • deux pièces de retenue, en métal, comportant des arêtes pour pincer le câble, et des butées pour empêcher ces pièces de percer l'isolant du câble, ces deux pièces étant rapportées respectivement dans deux cavités situées respectivement dans les deux coquilles; two retaining pieces, metal, having edges for clamping the cable, and abutments to prevent these parts penetrate the insulation of the cable, these two parts being reported respectively in two recesses respectively located in the two shells;
    • et un sabot de mise à la masse, ayant une partie plate en contact avec l'écran de blindage du câble et une partie recourbée et élastique en contact avec l'une des coquilles métalliques pour assurer la continuité électrique entre l'écran et le boîtier de connecteur. and a grounding shoe, having a flat portion in contact with the shielding screen of the cable and a curved and elastic portion contacting one of the metal shells to ensure electrical continuity between the shield and the housing connector.
  • Ce boîtier a pour inconvénients de comporter beaucoup de pièces et d'être complexe à monter. This case has disadvantages include many parts and being complex to assemble. En outre, il ne convient pas pour un ou plusieurs câble(s) à section circulaire. In addition, it is not suitable for one or more cable (s) with a circular section.
  • Le brevet Américain n° 4 533 199 décrit un connecteur constitué d'une seule pièce de matière plastique comportant deux parties, de formes générales planes, articulées par une charnière flexible. American patent n ° 4,533,199 discloses a connector consists of a single plastic piece having two parts, of flat general shape, articulated by a flexible hinge. Une première partie porte des contacts constitués chacun d'une fourche autodénudante, dont le grand axe est perpendiculaire au plan de cette première partie. A first portion carries contacts each consisting of an insulation displacement fork, whose major axis is perpendicular to the plane of this first part. Une seconde partie porte des bossages. A second part focuses bosses. Ce connecteur permet de connecter plusieurs câbles comportant chacun une tresse de blindage et un conducteur intérieur isolé. This connector is used to connect a plurality of cables each having a shield braid and an insulated inner conductor. Ces câbles sont disposés en nappe et sont connectés chacun sur deux fourches autodénudantes voisines. These cables are in flat and are each connected to two adjacent insulation displacement forks. Une fourche assure le contact avec la tresse, au travers de l'isolant extérieur à la tresse, et une fourche assure le contact avec le conducteur intérieur, à travers l'isolant recouvrant ce conducteur, la tresse et son isolant extérieur ayant été supprimés au voisinage de l'extrémité du câble. A fork makes contact with the braid through the outer insulation in the braid, and a fork makes contact with the inner conductor, through the insulation covering said conductor, the braid and the outer insulation has been deleted near the end of the cable.
  • La mise en place des câbles dans les fourches est effectuée en refermant l'une contre l'autre les deux parties articulées, chaque câble étant pressé par des bossages de la seconde partie du connecteur. The introduction of cables in the forks is carried out by closing against each other the two articulated parts, each cable being pressed by bosses of the second part of the connector. Le connecteur reste fermé, après cette opération, grâce à un dispositif de verrouillage, intégré au connecteur et constitué de deux ergots s'encliquetant dans deux fenêtres. The connector remains closed, after this operation, by a locking device integrated in the connector and comprises two lugs snapping into two windows.
  • Ce connecteur a notamment pour avantages d'être peu encombrant et de permettre de connecter une pluralité de câbles comportant chacun une tresse de blindage individuel. This connector has particular advantages of being compact and allowing to connect a plurality of wires each having a single braided shield. La liaison à chaque tresse ne nécessite pas de dénudage. The connection to each braid does not require stripping. Par contre, il a pour inconvénient de ne pas assurer un blindage de l'extrémité de chaque câble. For against, it has the drawback of not ensuring a shielding of the end of each cable. Des pertubations extérieures peuvent donc affecter les conducteurs à travers la matière plastique. thus external disturbances may affect the conductors through the plastic. D'autre part, des perturbations peuvent provenir du rayonnement des extrémités de câbles voisins, à l'intérieur même du connecteur. On the other hand, disturbances may come from the radiation of the ends of neighboring cables inside the same connector.
  • Le but de l'invention est de proposer un boîtier , protégeant les extrêmités des câbles contre les pertubations électromagnétiques extérieures ou intérieures, pouvant être monté sans dénuder les tresses de blindage et ayant un faible encombrement. The object of the invention is to provide a housing, protecting the ends of the cables against external or internal electromagnetic interference, which can be mounted without stripping the shielding braids and having a small footprint. L'objet de l'invention est un boîtier en métal, constitué de deux coquilles en regard, et comportant des orifices munis de saillies en forme de fourche constituant des contacts autodénudants permettant de relier électriquement le boîtier avec la tresse de blindage de chaque câble, par le simple fait de refermer les deux coquilles. The object of the invention is a metal housing consisting of two shells facing each other, and having openings provided with fork-shaped projections constituting insulation displacement contacts for electrically connecting the housing with the cable of each shielding braid, by merely close the two shells.
  • Selon l'invention, un boîtier métallique pour connecteur électrique, comportant deux coquilles métalliques en regard et des moyens d'assemblage, pour enserrer une fiche connecteur qui est destinée à être insérée sur une embase de connecteur, pour au moins un câble comportant une tresse conductrice recouverte d'un isolant et entourant au moins un conducteur électrique isolé dépassant l'extrémité de la tresse; According to the invention, a metal housing for an electrical connector comprising two metal shells facing and assembly means for enclosing a connector plug which is intended to be inserted into a connector socket, for at least one cable comprising a braid conductor covered with an insulating and surrounding at least one insulated electrical conductor beyond the end of the braid;
    est caractérisé en ce que chaque coquille comporte : is characterized in that each shell comprises:
    • au moins un orifice situé à la périphérie de la coquille et ayant un contour qui est ouvert lorsque les deux coquilles sont écartées, et qui est fermé lorsqu'elles sont rapprochées, ce contour fermé ayant des dimensions adaptées au passage d'au moins un câble; at least one orifice located at the periphery of the shell and having a contour which is open when the two shells are spaced apart, and closed when they are close together, said closed contour having dimensions adapted to the at least one cable passage ;
    • au moins une saillie en forme de fourche, intégrée à ladite coquille métallique et située dans un orifice de ladite coquille et constituant un contact autodénudant pour relier électriquement ladite coquille à la tresse d'un câble, et pour retenir ce câble. at least one projection-shaped fork, fitted to said metallic shell and located in an orifice of said shell and constituting an insulation displacement contact for electrically connecting said shell to the braid of a cable and for retaining the cable.
  • Ce boîtier assure un très bon contact entre lui-même et la tresse de chaque câble , ce qui permet de protéger les extrémités des câbles contre les pertubations électromagnétiques extérieures au boîtier. This casing ensures a very good contact between itself and the braid of each cable, which protects the cable ends against external electromagnetic interference to the housing. Les saillies constituant des contacts autodénudants jouent en même temps un rôle de maintien des câbles pour empêcher leur arrachement. The projections constituting insulation displacement contacts simultaneously play a holding role cables to prevent their removal.
  • Un mode réalisation particulier est caractérisé en ce que chaque coquille comporte une demi-charnière, les deux demi-charnières coopérant pour former une charnière permettant d'écarter ou de rapprocher les deux coquilles. A particular embodiment mode is characterized in that each shell has a half-hinge, the two half-hinges cooperating to form a hinge allowing to remove or to bring the two shells. Ce mode de réalisation présente l'avantage que la charnière permet d'assembler les deux coquilles au moyen d'une seule vis de fermeture. This embodiment has the advantage that the hinge is used to assemble the two shells by one screw plug. Il réduit donc le nombre de pièces constituant le connecteur équipé. It therefore reduces the number of parts constituting the connector fitted. Cette réduction du nombre de pièces simplifie son montage. This reduced number of parts simplifies assembly. En particulier, lorsque le montage est fait manuellement, il est plus commode de manipuler un boîtier qui ne se sépare pas en deux pièces indépendantes. In particular, when the mounting is done manually, it is more convenient to manipulate a housing which does not separate into two independent parts.
  • Un mode de réalisation particulier est caractérisé en ce qu'au moins une coquille comporte des languettes pour constituer des écrans entre des contacts portés par la fiche connecteur. A particular embodiment is characterized in that at least one shell has tongues to constitute screens between contacts carried by the plug connector. Les languettes viennent en appui contre certains contacts dans le cas de contacts à connexion enroulée ou soudée; The tabs bear against some contacts in the case of rolled or welded connection contacts; ou bien elles s'insérent dans certains contacts dans le cas de contacts autodénudants, lorsque les deux coquilles sont rapprochées. or they are inserted into some contact in the case of insulation displacement contacts, when the two shells are brought together. Ces languettes constituent des écrans électriques protégeant certains contacts contre des pertubations pouvant être induites par des contacts voisins et les extrémités des câbles. These tongues form electrical shields protecting against some contacts of disturbances may be induced by neighboring contacts and the cable ends. Ces languettes permettent aussi de relier la masse du boîtier à certains contacts de la fiche pour relier cette masse aux contacts de l'embase correspondant à ces contacts de la fiche. These tabs also possible to connect the ground of the housing to some plug contacts for connecting the mass to the contacts of the base corresponding to these plug contacts.
  • Un mode de réalisation particulier est caractérisé en ce qu'un orifice d'une coquille s'unit à un orifice de l'autre coquille, lorsque celles-ci sont rapprochées, pour former un conduit qui rassemble les câbles en une nappe dont le plan est orthogonal à l'axe de rotation de la charnière; A particular embodiment is characterized in that an opening of a shell is joined to an opening of the other shell when they are brought together to form a conduit which brings the cable into a sheet whose plane is orthogonal to the axis of rotation of the hinge; et en ce que les deux coquilles comportent chacune un bossage en forme de rampe, pour maintenir la nappe en diminuant la largeur du passage de la nappe entre les deux coquilles, au fur à mesure que le nombre de câbles de la nappe se réduit le long de la fiche connecteur. and in that the two shells each have a boss-shaped ramp, to maintain the web by reducing the passage width of the web between the two shells, progressively as the number of cables of the ply is reduced along Record connector. Ce mode de réalisation a pour avantage que l'accès des câbles a la forme d'une nappe parallèle au plan d'un châssis supportant l'embase de connecteur dans laquelle la fiche connecteur est insérée, ce qui permet d'obtenir un encombrement particulièrement faible du connecteur et des câbles. This embodiment has the advantage that the access of cables in the form of a sheet parallel to the plane of a frame supporting the connector socket in which the plug connector is inserted, which provides a particularly space low the connector and cables.
  • L'invention sera mieux comprise et d'autres détails apparaîtront à l'aide de la description ci-dessous et des figures l'accompagnant : The invention will be better understood and other details will appear with the following description and the accompanying figures:
    • la figure 1 représente une vue éclatée d'un exemple de réalisation du boîtier selon l'invention, et illustre son utilisation pour quatre câbles comportant une tresse de blindage individuel; 1 shows an exploded view of an exemplary embodiment of the housing according to the invention and illustrates its use to four cables having a single braided shield;
    • Les figures 2 à 5 représentent respectivement une vue de dessus, une vue de face, une vue de dessous, et une vue de côté, de cet exemple de réalisation; Figures 2-5 show respectively a top view, a front view, a bottom view and a side view of this embodiment;
    • la figure 6 représente une vue en coupe de cet exemple de réalisation. 6 shows a sectional view of this embodiment.
  • Comme représenté sur la figure 1, cet exemple de réalisation comporte principalement deux coquilles, 1 et 2, articulées autour d'un axe de rotation XX′ par une charnière 3 qui est constituée notamment d'une vis imperdable 25. Les coquilles 1 et 2 comportent respectivement deux demi-charnières, 29 et 30, qui tournent autour de la vis 25. L'axe de symétrie de la vis 25 constitue l'axe de rotation XX′. As shown in Figure 1, this embodiment mainly comprises two shells 1 and 2, hinged about an axis of rotation XX 'by a hinge 3, which consists in particular of a captive screw 25. The shells 1 and 2 comprise respectively two half-hinges, 29 and 30, which rotate around the screw 25. the axis of symmetry of the screw 25 constitutes the axis of rotation XX '. La vis 25 a aussi pour fonction de fixer le boîtier à un châssis 51. Elle est vissée dans un écrou 50 solidaire du châssis 51. Le châssis 51 supporte une embase de connecteur 52. Cette embase 52 est fixée de l'autre côté du châssis 51 par rapport à l'écrou 50, le connecteur étant inséré dans l'embase 52 au travers d'une fenêtre rectangulaire 53 ayant des dimensions légèrement supérieures à celles de l'embase. The screw 25 also has the function of securing the housing to a frame 51. It is screwed into a nut 50 secured to the frame 51. The frame 51 supports a connector base 52. This base 52 is attached to the other side of the frame 51 relative to the nut 50, the connector being inserted into the base 52 through a rectangular window 53 having slightly higher than the base dimensions. On notera que l'axe de rotation XX′ est parallèle à la direction de déplacement de la fiche de connecteur 4 lors de son insertion sur l'embase 52. It will be noted that the axis of rotation XX 'parallel to the direction of movement of the connector plug 4 during its insertion into the base 52.
  • La charnière 3 permet d'écarter ou de rapprocher les deux coquilles 1 et 2. Ces dernières peuvent être maintenues serrées au moyen d'une vis 26 et d'un écrou 27. Elles enserrent alors une fiche de connecteur, 4, constituée d'un bloc de matière plastique comportant des alvéoles contenant chacune un contact schématisé en 41. La fiche connecteur 4 comporte quatre ergots, 42, dont deux seulement sont visibles sur la figure 1. Ils s'emboîtent dans des creux 23 et 24 ménagés respectivement dans les coquilles 1 et 2. The hinge 3 allows to exclude or to bring the two shells 1 and 2. The latter can be kept tight by means of a screw 26 and a nut 27. They then enclose a connector plug 4, consisting of a plastic block having cavities each containing a contact shown schematically at 41. the plug connector 4 comprises four lugs 42, only two of which are visible in Figure 1. They fit in recesses 23 and 24 formed respectively in the shells 1 and 2.
  • Cet exemple de réalisation est destiné à une fiche connecteur du type HE12 qui est normalisée en France et en Europe. This embodiment is intended for plug connector HE12 type that is standard in France and Europe. Elle peut comporter des contacts autodénudants ou des contacts à connexion enroulée ou soudée. It may include insulation displacement contacts or contacts with coiled or welded connection. Cet exemple comporte deux rangées de contacts 41 qui sont connectés à quatre câbles, 34 à 37, comportant chacun une tresse de blindage. This example has two rows of contacts 41 which are connected to four cables 34 to 37, each comprising a shielding braid. Naturellement la portée de l'invention ne se limite pas à cet exemple de fiche connecteur et à ce nombre de câbles. Of course the scope of the invention is not limited to this example of plug connector and the number of cables.
  • Dans cet exemple, les câbles 34 et 35 comportent chacun : une gaine isolante externe 45, une tresse de blindage 46, une gaine isolante intermédiaire 44, et un conducteur intérieur unique 43. Les câbles 36 et 37 comportent chacun : une gaine isolante 39, une tresse de blindage 38, et deux conducteurs isolés 40, chacun isolé par une gaine isolante intermédiaire 47. Bien entendu, les tresses de blindage 38, 46 peuvent être simples ou multiples c'est-à-dire formées de plusieurs couches de tresse concentriques. In this example, the cables 34 and 35 each comprise: an outer insulating sheath 45, a shielding braid 46, an intermediate insulating sheath 44, and a single inner conductor 43. The cables 36 and 37 each comprise: an insulating sheath 39, a shielding braid 38, and two insulated conductors 40, each isolated by an insulating intermediate sheath 47. of course, the shielding braids 38, 46 may be single or multiple that is to say formed of several concentric layers of braid .
  • Lorsque les deux coquilles 1 et 2 sont refermées, elles enserrent les câbles 34 à 37 dans un conduit constitué d'un orifice 16 situé à la périphérie de la coquille 1 et d'un orifice 17 situé à la périphérie de la coquille 2. Chacun de ces orifices a un contour ouvert lorsque les deux coquilles sont écartées, ce qui permet d'insérer les câbles 34 et 35 dans l'orifice 16, et d'insérer les câbles 36 et 37 dans l'orifice 17. Lorsque les deux coquilles sont rapprochées, ces deux contours forment un seul contour fermé ayant des dimensions adaptées exactement au passage des quatre câbles 34 à 37 et ayant une forme oblongue qui rassemble les quatre câbles en une nappe dont le plan est parallèle au plan du châssis 51, et orthogonal à l'axe XX′. When the two shells 1 and 2 are closed, they grip the cables 34 to 37 into a conduit formed with an orifice 16 located at the periphery of the shell 1 and an orifice 17 located at the periphery of the shell 2. Each of these holes has an open contour when the two shells are spaced apart, which allows to insert the cables 34 and 35 into the hole 16, and inserting the wires 36 and 37 into the orifice 17. when the two shells are brought together, the two edges form a single closed contour having dimensions adapted exactly to the passage of four cables 34 to 37 and having an oblong shape that brings the four cables in a sheet whose plane is parallel to the plane of the chassis 51 and orthogonal to the axis XX '.
  • Les détails de cet exemple de réalisation apparaîtront mieux en se référant aux figures 2 à 6. The details of this embodiment will become more apparent with reference to Figures 2 to 6.
  • La figure 2 représente une vue de dessus du boîtier, lorsque les deux coquilles 1 et 2 sont refermées. 2 shows a top view of the housing when the two shells 1 and 2 are closed. La charnière 3 comporte deux moitiés dont l'une est constituée par une partie arrondie, 29, appartenant à la coquille 2. Cette partie arrondie 29 comporte un chambrage 31 pour contenir la tête de la vis imperdable 25. Il apparaît sur cette figure 2 que les deux coquilles se rejoignent sur une surface de joint comportant une ondulation en forme de S au voisinage des orifices 16 et 17. Une bosse 18 de la coquille 1 s'insère dans un creux 19 de la coquille 2. Réciproquement une bosse de la coquille 2 s'insère dans un creux de la coquille 1. Le rôle de cette ondulation apparaîtra dans la suite. The hinge 3 comprises two halves, one of which is constituted by a rounded portion 29, belonging to the shell 2. The rounded portion 29 has a recess 31 for containing the head of the captive screw 25. It appears from this Figure 2 that the two shells are joined on one surface of a gasket having S-shaped undulation in the vicinity of the orifices 16 and 17. a bump 18 of the shell 1 is inserted into a hollow 19 of the shell 2. Conversely a bump of the shell 2 fits into a hollow shell 1. the role of this ripple will appear in the sequel.
  • La figure 3 représente une vue de face et montre : le chambrage 31 logeant la tête de la vis imperdable 25; 3 shows a front view and shows: the recess 31 housing the head of the captive screws 25; un chambrage 20 logeant l'écrou 27; a recess 20 housing the nut 27; et une languette 22. La languette 22 de la coquille 2, et une languette 21 de la coquille 1, constituent à la fois un guide pour insérer la fiche 4 dans l'embase 52, et un blindage le long des grands côtés de cette embase. and a tongue 22. The tongue 22 of the shell 2, and a tab 21 of the shell 1, is both a guide for inserting the plug 4 into the socket 52, and a shield along the long sides of this base .
  • La figure 4 représente une vue de dessous de cet exemple de réalisation, et montre une seconde moitié de la charnière 3 qui est constituée par une partie arrondie 30 de la coquille 1. Cette partie arrondie 30 comporte un chambrage 32 contenant la partie filetée de la vis imperdable 25. Ce chambrage 32 permet d'escamoter la vis 25, et permet une indexation sur l'écrou 50 lors de l'insertion du connecteur sur l'embase 52. La figure 4 montre les deux languettes 21 et 22, et une languette 28 prolongeant la bordure de la coquille 2 en dessous du joint avec la coquille 1, à la partie supérieure de la coquille 2. La languette 28 permet de recouvrir ce joint lorsque les deux coquilles sont fermées. 4 shows a bottom view of this embodiment, and shows a second half of the hinge 3 which is constituted by a rounded portion 30 of the shell 1. This rounded portion 30 has a recess 32 containing the threaded portion of the captive screw 25. the chambering 32 allows to retract the screw 25, and allows indexing on the nut 50 upon insertion of the connector on the base 52. Figure 4 shows the two tongues 21 and 22, and tab 28 extending along the shell 2 below the seal with the shell 1, to the upper part of the shell 2. the tongue 28 can cover the joint when the two shells are closed.
  • La figure 5 représente une vue de côté qui montre comment les orifices 16 et 17 se rejoignent pour former un orifice de forme oblongue et fermée, pour rassembler quatre câbles en une nappe dont le plan est parallèle au châssis 51. Elle montre aussi : le profil des languettes 21 et 22; 5 shows a side view that shows how the ports 16 and 17 meet to form an orifice of oblong shape and closed, to collect four cables in a sheet whose plane is parallel to the frame 51. It also shows: profile of the tongues 21 and 22; le chambrage 20 contenant l'écrou 27 et un chambrage 33 semblable au chambrage 20, et destiné à contenir la tête de la vis 26. the recess 20 containing the nut 27 and a recess 33 similar to the chambering 20 for containing the head of the screw 26.
  • La figure 6 représente une coupe selon un plan de coupe VI, montrant des caractéristiques qui sont situées à l'intérieur du boîtier. 6 shows a section along a sectional plane VI, showing characteristics which are located within the housing. Elle montre que l'orifice 16 comporte deux saillies 6a et 7a qui ont chacune la forme d'une fourche. It shows that the orifice 16 has two projections 6a and 7a which each have the shape of a fork. Elles constituent chacune un contact autodénudant qui traverse la couche isolante 45 des câbles 34 et 35, lorsque les deux coquilles sont rapprochées, et elles retiennent les câbles 34 et 35 dans l'orifice 16. They each constitute one insulation displacement contact which passes through the insulating layer 45 of the cables 34 and 35 when the two shells are brought together, and they engage the cables 34 and 35 in orifice 16.
  • L'orifice 17 comporte deux saillies 6b et 7b situées dans le prolongement des saillies 6a et 7a, et qui elles aussi, ont la forme de fourches. The orifice 17 comprises two projections 6b and 7b situated in the extension of the projections 6a and 7a, and also, have the form of forks. Elles constituent chacune un contact autodénudant qui traverse la couche isolante 39 des câbles 36 et 37, lorsque les deux coquilles sont rapprochées, et elles retiennent ces câbles dans l'orifice 17. Les saillies 6a, 6b et 7a, 7b permettent de relier chaque tresse au boîtier, par quatre points de contact pour plus de sécurité, comme il apparaîtra ci-après. They each constitute one insulation displacement contact which passes through the insulating layer 39 of the cables 36 and 37 when the two shells are brought together, and they retain the cables in the hole 17. The projections 6a, 6b and 7a, 7b are used to connect each braid to the housing by four contact points for safety, as will be apparent hereinafter. En outre, ces saillies ont pour fonction de retenir les câbles afin d'éviter leur arrachement s'ils sont soumis à une traction. Moreover, these projections serve to retain the cables to prevent them from tearing when subjected to tension.
  • La figure 6 montre aussi que la partie inférieure des orifices 16 et 17 comporte une ondulation en forme de S, analogue à l'ondulation de la surface de joint située à la partie supérieure de ces orifices. Figure 6 also shows that the lower part of the orifices 16 and 17 has a corrugation in S-shape, similar to the ripple of the joint surface located at the upper part of these orifices. Une bosse 8 de la coquille 1 s'insère dans un creux 9 de la coquille 2, alors qu'une bosse de la coquille 2 s'insère dans un creux de la coquille 1. Ces ondulations 8, 9, 18, 19 ont pour fonction de décaler la discontinuité existant entre la saillie 6a et la saillie 6b, par rapport à la discontinuité existant entre la saillie 7a et la saillie 7b. A bump 8 of the shell 1 is inserted in a recess 9 of the shell 2, while a bulge of the shell 2 is inserted into a hollow shell 1. The corrugations 8, 9, 18, 19 for function to shift the discontinuity existing between the projection 6a and the projection 6b, with respect to the discontinuity existing between the projection 7a and the projection 7b. Ainsi, un contact mal établi sur la tresse de l'un des câbles, à cause de la discontinuité des saillies 6a et 6b, sera compensé par un contact bien établi par la saillie 7b, et réciproquement la saillie 6a compensera la discontinuité des saillies 7a et 7b. Thus, a bad contact is established over the braid of a cable, due to the discontinuity of the projections 6a and 6b, will be compensated by a contact established by the projection 7b, and vice versa the projection 6a compensate for the discontinuity of the projections 7a and 7b.
  • Il est enviseageable de donner une autre forme à la surface de joint au voisinage des orifices 16 et 17, de façon que les longueurs des saillies 6a et 7a soient différentes et que les longueurs des saillies 6b et 7b soient différentes, pour améliorer la sécurité de l'établissement des contacts, comme dans l'exemple de réalisation décrit. It is enviseageable to give another form to the sealing surface in the vicinity of the orifices 16 and 17, so that the lengths of the projections 6a and 7a are different and the lengths of the projections 6b and 7b are different, to improve the safety of establishing contacts, as in the embodiment described.
  • La figure 6 montre aussi que la coquille 1 a une épaisseur variable, plus faible au voisinage de l'orifice 16 et plus forte au voisinage de la charnière, pour former un bossage 14 en forme de rampe. Figure 6 also shows that the shell 1 has a variable thickness, lower in the vicinity of the orifice 16 and highest in the vicinity of the hinge to form a projection 14 in the form of ramp. Ce bossage maintient la nappe de câbles en diminuant la largeur du passage de cette nappe entre les deux coquilles au fur et à mesure que le nombre des câbles de la nappe se réduit le long de la fiche connecteur 4. Comme le montre la figure 1, le grand axe de la nappe de câbles est parallèle aux rangées de contact 41, et le nombre de câbles de la nappe se réduit le long des rangées de contacts. This boss holds the ply of cables by reducing the passage width of the web between the two shells as and as the number of the cables of the ply is reduced along the plug connector 4. As shown in Figure 1, the major axis of the ribbon cable is parallel to the contact rows 41, and the number of cables of the ply is reduced along the rows of contacts. Par exemple, le câble 35 est plus court que le câble 34, par conséquent l'extrémité du câble 34 pourrait flotter dans l'espace, s'il n'y avait pas le bossage 14, et la raideur du câble 34 pourrait être suffisante pour arracher, hors de la fiche connecteur 4, le contact fixé à l'extrémité du conducteur 43. For example, the cable 35 is shorter than the cable 34, therefore the cable end 34 may float in space, if there is not the projection 14, and the stiffness of the cable 34 may be sufficient to pull out of the plug connector 4, the contact attached to the end of the conductor 43.
  • De manière analogue la coquille 2 comporte un bossage 15 qui guide l'extrémité du câble 37 pour la rapprocher de la fiche connecteur 4. The shell 2 analogously comprises a boss 15 which guide the cable end 37 to bring it closer to the plug connector 4.
  • La figure 6 montre aussi que la coquille 1 comporte deux languettes, 10 et 11, parallèles à l'axe XX′ de la charnière et qui, lorsque les coquilles sont rapprochées, s'insèrent respectivement dans deux contacts autodénudants de la fiche connecteur 4 ou viennent en appui contre deux contacts à connexions enroulées ou soudées de la fiche 4, selon le type de contact de cette fiche. Figure 6 also shows that the shell 1 has two tabs, 10 and 11, parallel to the axis XX 'of the hinge and which, when the shells are brought together, are inserted respectively in the two insulation displacement contacts of the plug connector 4 or bear against two contact connections rolled or welded Record 4, depending on the contact of this sheet. Ces languettes 10 et 11 constituent deux écrans électriques pour protéger un groupe de contacts des pertubations électromagnétiques rayonnées par des contacts voisins. These tongues 10 and 11 are two electric screens to protect a group of contacts of the electromagnetic interference radiated from neighboring contacts. Elles assurent en outre une liaison électrique entre le boîtier métallique et des contacts situés sur l'embase 52. De manière analogue la coquille 2 comporte deux languettes 12 et 13 qui s'insèrent dans certains contacts autodénudants portés par la fiche connecteur 4 ou viennent en appui contre deux contacts à connexions enroulées ou soudées de la fiche 4, selon le type de contact de cette fiche. They also ensure an electrical connection between the metal housing and the contacts on the base 52. In the shell 2 analogously comprises two tongues 12 and 13 that fit into some insulation-displacement contacts carried by the connector plug 4 or come into bears against two contact connections rolled or welded Record 4, depending on the contact of this sheet.
  • Pour le montage du connecteur, les extrémités des quatre câbles 34 à 37 sont dépouillées de l'isolant extérieur 45, 39 et de la tresse 46, 38 sur une même longueur. For mounting the connector, the ends of four cables 34 to 37 are stripped of insulation exterior 45, 39 and the braid 46, 38 of the same length. Puis, dans le cas d'une fiche connecteur à contacts autodénudants, les conducteurs 40, 43, entourés des gaines intermédiaires 47, 44 sont insérés dans les contacts de la fiche au moyen d'un outillage classique, ou, dans le cas d'une fiche connecteur à contacts à connexion enroulée ou soudée, les conducteurs 40, 43, sont dépouillés des gaines intermédiaires 47, 44 avant d'être connectés aux contacts de la fiche au moyen d'un outillage classique. Then, in the case of a plug connector for insulation displacement contacts, the conductors 40, 43 surrounded intermediate sheaths 47, 44 are inserted into the contacts of the plug by means of a conventional tool, or, in the case of a plug connector contacts rolled or welded connection, the conductors 40, 43, are stripped intermediate sheaths 47, 44 before being connected to the plug contacts by means of a conventional tool. Puis la fiche connecteur 4, et les câbles 34 à 37 sont insèrés dans le boîtier, et celui-ci est refermé, en vissant la vis 26 et l'écrou 27. Then the plug connector 4, and the cables 34 to 37 are inserted into the housing, and the latter is closed, by screwing the screw 26 and the nut 27.
  • Au moment où les deux coquilles sont rapprochées, il y a simultanément : mise en contact du boîtier avec la tresse de chacun des câbles; When the two shells are brought together, there are simultaneously: contacting the casing with the braid of each cable; mise en contact du boîtier avec certains contacts de la fiche connecteur; contacting the casing with some contacts of the plug connector; et instauration d'un blindage entre certains contacts de cette fiche connecteur. and establishment of a shielding between certain contacts of the plug connector. Toutes ces opérations sont réalisées très simplement puisqu'il n'y a pas lieu de dénuder les câbles au niveau des saillies 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b. All these operations are performed easily since there is no need to strip the cables at the projections 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b. Il est à remarquer aussi que l'encombrement est particulièrement réduit grâce au rassemblement des câbles sous la forme d'une nappe ayant un plan parallèle au plan du châssis 51. It should also be noted that the bulk is particularly reduced thanks to the gathering of the cables in the form of a web having a plane parallel to the plane of frame 51.
  • La portée de l'invention n'est pas limitée à l'exemple de réalisation décrit ci-dessus. The scope of the invention is not limited to the embodiment described above. De nombreuses variantes sont à la portée de l'homme de l'art. Many variations are within the reach of the skilled person. Ce boîtier peut être réalisé notamment par moulage d'un alliage léger classique. This case may be realized by molding a conventional light alloy. Il suffit d'un outillage à injection simple, le démoulage pouvant être fait sans contredépouille. Just a single injection tooling, mold can be made without undercuts.

Claims (8)

  1. Metal housing for an electrical connector comprising two facing metal half-housings (1, 2) and assembly means (3, 26, 27) for enclosing a connector plug (4) adapted to be inserted into a connector socket (52) and to be connected to at least one cable (34 through 37) comprising a conductive braid (46) covered with insulation (45) and surrounding at least one insulated electrical conductor (43) projecting beyond the end of the braid;
       characterized in that each half-housing (1, 2) comprises:
    - at least one orifice (16, 17) on the periphery of the half-housing and having an open contour when the two half-housings are open and a closed contour when they are closed, said closed contour having dimensions adapted to allow at least one cable to pass through it;
    - at least one fork-shape projection (6, 7) integral with said metal half-housing in said at least one orifice (16, 17) and constituting an insulation-displacement contact for establishing an electrical connection between said half-housing (1, 2) and the braid of a cable and for retaining the cable.
  2. Housing according to claim 1 characterized in that the assembly means (3) comprise a half-hinge (29, 30) on each half-housing (1, 2), the two half-hinges cooperating to form a hinge (3) enabling the two half-housings (1, 2) to be opened or closed by rotation about an axis (XX′).
  3. Housing according to claim 1 for a connector plug (4) including insulation-displacement contacts (41) characterized in that to form screens between contacts (41) carried by the connector plug (4) at least one of said half-housings (1, 2) incorporates tangs (10 through 13) which are inserted in respective insulation-displacement contacts carried by the connector plug (4) when the two half-housings are closed.
  4. Housing according to claim 1 for a connector plug (4) including wire-wrap or soldered contacts characterized in that to constitute screens between contacts (41) carried by the connector plug (4) at least one of said half-housings (1, 2) includes tangs (10 to 13) which bear against respective wire-wrap or soldered contacts carried by the connector plug (4) when the two half-housings are closed.
  5. Housing according to claim 2 characterized in that the rotation axis (XX′) is parallel to the direction in which the connector plug (4) is inserted into the socket (52).
  6. Housing according to claim 5 characterized in that the two half-hinges (29, 30) cooperate by rotating about a captive screw (25) whose axis of symmetry is coincident with the rotation axis (XX′) of the two half-housings (1, 2) and in that the captive screw (25) cooperates with a nut (50) to fix the housing to a chassis (51) supporting the socket (52).
  7. Housing according to claim 2 for a plurality of cables (34 through 37) characterized in that an orifice (16) on one half-housing is combined with an orifice (17) on the other half-housing when the half-housings are closed to form a conduit which groups the cables into a flat bundle whose plane is orthogonal to the rotation axis (XX′) of the hinge (3) and in that the two half-housings each include a ramp-shape boss (14, 15) to retain the flat bundle by reducing the width of the passage for the flat bundle between the two half-housings as the number of cables in the flat bundle diminishes along the connector plug (4).
  8. Housing according to claim 2 for a plurality of cables (34 through 37) characterized in that an orifice (16) on one half-housing is combined with an orifice (17) on the other half-housing when the half-housings are closed to form a conduit which groups the cables into a flat bundle whose plane is orthogonal to the rotation axis (XX′) of the hinge (3) and in that each orifice (16, 17) includes at least two fork-shape projections (6a, 7a; 6b, 7b) to constitute at least two insulation-displacement contacts applied to the braid (46, 38) of the same cable (34, 35, 36, 37), and in that the joint surfaces of the two half-housings (1, 2) include undulations (8, 9, 18, 19) in the vicinity of the orifices (16, 17), on either side thereof, so that the lengths of the projections (6a, 7a; 6b, 7b) situated in the same orifice (16, 17) are different from each other.
EP19900122069 1989-11-24 1990-11-19 Metallic housing for electrical connector Expired - Lifetime EP0429036B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR8915481 1989-11-24
FR8915481A FR2655208B1 (en) 1989-11-24 1989-11-24 metal housing for an electrical connector.

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0429036A1 EP0429036A1 (en) 1991-05-29
EP0429036B1 true EP0429036B1 (en) 1994-10-12

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US (1) US5062804A (en)
EP (1) EP0429036B1 (en)
JP (1) JPH0793168B2 (en)
AT (1) AT112895T (en)
AU (1) AU630054B2 (en)
CA (1) CA2030725C (en)
DE (2) DE69013292T2 (en)
ES (1) ES2065460T3 (en)
FR (1) FR2655208B1 (en)
PL (1) PL287911A1 (en)

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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
FR2655208A1 (en) 1991-05-31
AU630054B2 (en) 1992-10-15
AT112895T (en) 1994-10-15
US5062804A (en) 1991-11-05
ES2065460T3 (en) 1995-02-16
DE69013292T2 (en) 1995-02-16
JPH0793168B2 (en) 1995-10-09
FR2655208B1 (en) 1994-02-18
CA2030725A1 (en) 1991-05-25
JPH03210778A (en) 1991-09-13
CA2030725C (en) 2000-05-16
DE69013292D1 (en) 1994-11-17
AU6695390A (en) 1991-05-30
PL287911A1 (en) 1991-08-12
EP0429036A1 (en) 1991-05-29

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