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EP0416106A1 - Device for ultrasonic dispersion of a liquid medium - Google Patents

Device for ultrasonic dispersion of a liquid medium

Info

Publication number
EP0416106A1
EP0416106A1 EP19890907373 EP89907373A EP0416106A1 EP 0416106 A1 EP0416106 A1 EP 0416106A1 EP 19890907373 EP19890907373 EP 19890907373 EP 89907373 A EP89907373 A EP 89907373A EP 0416106 A1 EP0416106 A1 EP 0416106A1
Authority
EP
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
sleeve
concentrator
liquid
bearing
liquids
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Ceased
Application number
EP19890907373
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP0416106A4 (en )
Inventor
Eilaz Piri Ogly Babaev
Farida Nadir Kyzy Kasum-Zade
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Azerbaidzhansky Politekhnichesky Institut Imeni CH Ildryma
Original Assignee
Azerbaidzhansky Politekhnichesky Institut Imeni CH Ildryma
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B17/00Apparatus for spraying or atomising liquids or other fluent materials, not covered by the preceding groups
    • B05B17/04Apparatus for spraying or atomising liquids or other fluent materials, not covered by the preceding groups operating with special methods
    • B05B17/06Apparatus for spraying or atomising liquids or other fluent materials, not covered by the preceding groups operating with special methods using ultrasonic or other kinds of vibrations
    • B05B17/0607Apparatus for spraying or atomising liquids or other fluent materials, not covered by the preceding groups operating with special methods using ultrasonic or other kinds of vibrations generated by electrical means, e.g. piezoelectric transducers
    • B05B17/0623Apparatus for spraying or atomising liquids or other fluent materials, not covered by the preceding groups operating with special methods using ultrasonic or other kinds of vibrations generated by electrical means, e.g. piezoelectric transducers coupled with a vibrating horn

Abstract

A device for ultrasonic dispersion of a liquid medium comprises an ultrasonic radiator (1) with a concentrator (2), a main (3) and a subsidiary (6) support bushing mounted, respectively on the ultrasonic radiator (1), on the concentrator (2) and on its end part (4). The main support bushing (3) is kinematically connected to at least two sleeves (8,9,10) for feeding the liquid medium, each of them being connected to a corresponding hollow rod (20,21,22) connected to a corresponding radial channel (23,24,25) of the subsidiary bushing (6), and to a valve (33,34,35) for regulation of the liquid medium flow mounted on the subsidiary support bushing (5).

Description

    Field of the Art
  • [0001]
    This invention relates generally to devices for atomizing liquids, and more particularly to an apparatus for ultrasonic atomization of liquids.
  • Prior Art
  • [0002]
    Modern industrial processes associated with applying liquids to workpiece surfaces call for obtaining a range of high-quality aerosols and mist sprays of various compositions.
  • [0003]
    Most advanced are devices for ultrasonically atomizing liquids as such devices do not require heating the liquids during atomization.
  • [0004]
    There is known an apparatus for ultrasonic atomization of liquids (cf., SU, A, 1,237,261) comprising an ultrasonic radiator, a concentrator, a main bearing sleeve secured on the ultrasonic radiator, an additional bearing sleeve secured on the concentrator, and auxiliary bearing sleeve having a radial passage in its body with an outlet hole at its inner surface and mounted at the end portion of the concentrator, a tube for feeding the liquid extending along the geometrical longitudinal axis of the concentrator, mechanically connected to the main bearing sleeve and having a free end thereof passed through the body of the additional bearing sleeve, a hollow rod one end of which movably receives the free end of the tube for feeding the liquid, the other end communicating with the inlet hole of the radial passage of the auxiliary bearing sleeve, and a valve for controlling the feed of the liquid mechanically connected to the pipe for feeding the liquid.
  • [0005]
    However, this apparatus ensures atomization of only homogeneous liquids, which limits the range of its application.
  • [0006]
    Another disadvantage of this prior art apparatus is leak of the liquid resulting in excessive consumption thereof.
  • Disclosure of the Invention
  • [0007]
    It is an object of the present invention to provide an apparatus for ultrasonic atomization of liquids having such additional members that would render the apparatus capable of atomizing two or more heterogeneous liquids accompanied by their mixing.
  • [0008]
    The object of the invention is attained by that in an apparatus for atomizing liquids comprising an ultrasonic radiator with a concentrator, a main bearing sleeve mounted on the ultrasonic radiator, an additional bearing sleeve secured on the concentrator, an auxiliary bearing sleeve secured at the end portion of the concentrator and having a radial passage in its body with an outlet hole at its inner surface, a tube for feeding the liquid extending along the geometrical longitudinal axis of the concentrator, mechanically connected to the main bearing sleeve, and having a free end thereof passed through the body of the additional sleeve, a hollow rod one end of which movably receives the free end of the pipe for feeding the liquid, whereas the other end communicates with the inlet hole of the radial passage of the auxiliary bearing sleeve, and a valve for controlling the feed of the liquid mechanically connected to the pipe for feeding the liquid, according to the invention, the apparatus is provided with at least one more additional tube for feeding the liquid extending along the geometrical longitudinal axis of the concentrator, mechanically connected to the main bearing sleeve, additional hollow rods equal in number to the number of the additional tubes for feeding the liquid, one end of each such rod movably receiving a free end of the corresponding additional tube for feeding the liquid, and additional valves for controlling the feed of the liquid, each such valve being connected to the corresponding additional tube for feeding the liquid, whereas the body of the auxiliary bearing sleeve has additional radial passages equal in number to the number of the additional hollow rods, the inlet hole of each such additional radial passage communicating with the other end of the corresponding additional hollow rod, the outlet hole being arranged at the inner surface of the auxiliary bearing sleeve.
  • [0009]
    Preferably, the surface of the end portion of the concentrator is provided with grooves equal in number to the number of tubes for feeding the liquid, the auxiliary bearing sleeve being preferably so positioned that each of the grooves of the concentrator communicates with the outlet hole of its corresponding radial passage.
  • [0010]
    Favourably, each groove of the concentrator extends along its geometrical longitudinal axis.
  • [0011]
    Advisably, each groove of the concentrator extends about a helical line.
  • [0012]
    Advantageously, each valve for controlling the feed of the liquid is disposed in the body of the additional bearing sleeve.
  • [0013]
    The invention affords simultaneous mixing and atomization of heterogeneous liquids in one phase to result in a wider application range of the apparatus.
  • [0014]
    Also, the invention allows to control the flow rate of each of the liquids being mixed.
  • [0015]
    In addition, the invention makes it possible to meter-feed the liquids.
  • Summary of the Drawings
  • [0016]
    The invention will now be described in greater detail with reference to various preferred embodiments thereof taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:
    • Fig. 1 is a general view of an apparatus for ultrasonic atomization of liquids according to the invention;
    • Fig. 2 is a section taken along the arrow A in Fig. 1;
    • Fig. 3 is a section taken along the line III-III in Fig. 1 showing schematically radial passages;
    • Fig. 4 is an enlarged view of unit C in Fig. 2; and
    • Fig. 5 is an enlarged view of the end portion of a concentrator with grooves extending about a helical line.
    Preferred Embodiment of the Invention
  • [0017]
    An apparatus for ultrasonic atomization of liquids comprises an ultrasonic radiator 1 (Fig. 1) with a concentrator 2 (Figs. 1, 2). The radiator 1 carries a main bearing sleeve 3, whereas provided at the concentrator 2 and at its end portion 4 are additional and auxiliary bearing sleeves indicated by 5 and 6, respectively. Arranged along the geometrical longitudinal axis 7 of the concentrator 2 are three tubes 8, 9, 10 (Fig. 1) for feeding the liquid, each such tube communicating with a respective vessel 11, 12, 13 containing liquids. The tubes 8, 9, 10 (Fig. 2) rest on the main bearing sleeve 3. Free ends 14, 15, 16 (Fig. 1) of the respective tubes 8, 9, 10 extend through the body of the sleeve 5, and are adapted to movably enter ends 17, 18, 19 of the corresponding hollow rods 20, 21, 22. The body of the sleeve 6 has three radial passages 23, 24, 25 (Figs. 2, 3) with the inlet hole of each such passage communicating with another end 26, 27, 28 of the corresponding hollow rod 20, 21, 22, their outlet holes being provided at an inner surface 29 of the sleeve 6. The end portion 4 of the concentrator 2 has grooves 30, 31, 32 (Figs. 3, 4) extending along its axis 7 and equal in number to the number of tubes 8, 9, 10 (Fig. 1), each such groove communicating with the outlet hole of the corresponding passage 23, 24, 25 (Figs. 3, 4) of the sleeve 6. Secured in the body of the sleeve 5 (Fig. 1) are three valves 33, 34, 35 for controlling the flow rate of the liquid, each such valve communicating with the respective tube 8, 9, 10.
  • [0018]
    According to another embodiment of the concentrator 2 of the apparatus for ultrasonic atomization of liquids, each groove 36, 37, 38 (Fig. 5) at its end portion 4 extends about a helical line. Otherwise, this construction of the concentrator 2 is similar to one described with reference to Figs. 1 and 2.
  • [0019]
    The proposed apparatus for ultrasonic atomization of liquids operates in the following manner.
  • [0020]
    Signals generated by an ultrasonic generator (not shown) are conveyed to the ultrasonic radiator 1 (Figs. 1, 2) to induce ultrasonic oscillations therein.
  • [0021]
    From the radiator 1 the oscillations are transmitted to the concentrator 2 to be emitted from its end portion 4. At the same time, the liquids, such as liquids of different properties, are convyed from the vessels 11, 12, 12 along the tubes 8, 9, 10 to the portion 4 of the concentrator 2. According to one specific feature of the invention, the use of several tubes 8, 9, 10 affords atomization of such unlike liquids which are preferably not to be mixed together prior to atomization.
  • [0022]
    When it is necessary to mix different liquids, the valves 33, 34, 35 (Fig. 1) act to control the feed of such liquids along the tubes 3, 9, 10 in preferred proportions. This arrangement of the valves 33, 34, 35 allows to increase the field of vision of the surface being treated and makes the apparatus more convenient in handling. The liquids flow from the tubes 8, 9, 10 and along the corresponding hollow rods 20, 21, 22 to the radial passages 23, 24, 25 (Fig. 3) of the auxiliary bearing sleeve 6. From the outlet holes of the passages 23, 24, 25 the liquids are conveyed to the corresponding groove 30, 31, 32 (Figs. 3, 4) of the concentrator 2. This feature of the invention prevents leaks of the liquids and excessive consumption rate thereof during atomization.
  • [0023]
    Arrangement of the grooves 30, 31, 32 (Fig. 5) of the concentrator 2 about a helical line allows to intensify the atomization process.
  • [0024]
    The present invention makes it possible to simplify operation of the apparatus.
  • [0025]
    In addition, the invention affords a saving in the consumption of liquids being atomized.
  • Industrial Applicability
  • [0026]
    The invention can be used for obtaining aerosols and mist sprays, for example, when applying liquids to various surfaces.
  • [0027]
    The invention can also find application in internal combustion engines, fuel injectors, and the like.

Claims (5)

1. An apparatus for ultrasonic atomization of liquids comprising an ultrasonic radiator (1) with a concentrator (2), a main bearing sleeve (3) mounted on the ultrasonic radiator (1), an additional bearing sleeve (5) secured on the concentrator (2), an auxiliary bearing sleeve (6), secured at the end portion (4) of the concentrator (2) and having a radial passage (24) in its body with an inlet hole at its inner surface, a tube (9) for feeding the liquid extending along the geometrical longitudinal axis (7) of the concentrator (2), mechanically connected to the main bearing sleeve (3), and having a free end (15) thereof passed through the body of the additional sleeve (5), a hollow rod (21) one end (18) of which movably receives the free end (15) of the pipe (9) for feeding the liquid, whereas the other end (27) communicates with the inlet hole of the radial passage (24) of the auxiliary bearing sleeve (6), and a valve (34) for controlling the feed of the liquid mechanically connected to the pipe (9) for feeding the liquid, characterized in that the apparatus is provided with at least one more additional tube (8, 10) for feeding the liquid extending along the geometrical longitudinal axis (7) of the concentrator (2), mechanically connected to the main bearing sleeve (3), additional hollow rods (20, 22) egual in number to the number of the additional tubes (8, 10) for feeding the liquid, one end (17, 19) of each such rod movably receiving a free end (14, 16) of the corresponding additional tube (8, 10) for feeding the liquid, and additional valves (53, 35) for controlling the feed of the liquid, each such valve being connected to the corresponding additional tube (8, 10) for feeding the liquid, whereas the body of the auxiliary bearing sleeve (6) has additional radial passages (23, 25) equal in number to the number of the additional hollow rods (20, 22) the inlet hole of each such additional radial passage communicating with the other end (26, 28) of the corresponding additional hollow rod (20, 22), the outlet hole being arranged at the inner surface of the auxiliary bearing sleeve (6).
2. An apparatus as defined in claim 1, characterized in that the surface of the end portion (4) of the concentrator (2) is provided with hooves (36, 37, 38) equal in number to the number of the tubes (8, 9, 10) for feeding the liquids, the auxiliary bearing sleeve (6) being so positioned that each of the grooves (36, 37, 38) of the concentrator (2) communicates with the outlet hole of its corresponding radial passage (23, 24, 25).
3. An apparatus as defined in claim 2, characterized in that each groove (36, 37, 38) of the concentrator (2) extends along its geometrical longitudinal axis (7).
4. An apparatus as defined in claim 2, characterized in that each of the grooves (36, 37, 38) of concentrator (2) follows a helical line.
5. An apparatus as defined in claim 1, characterized in that each valve (33, 34, 35) for controlling the feed of the liquid is disposed in the body of the additional bearing sleeve (5).
EP19890907373 1989-03-27 1989-03-27 Device for ultrasonic dispersion of a liquid medium Ceased EP0416106A4 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
PCT/SU1989/000078 WO1990011135A1 (en) 1989-03-27 1989-03-27 Device for ultrasonic dispersion of a liquid medium

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0416106A1 true true EP0416106A1 (en) 1991-03-13
EP0416106A4 true EP0416106A4 (en) 1992-03-11

Family

ID=21617436

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP19890907373 Ceased EP0416106A4 (en) 1989-03-27 1989-03-27 Device for ultrasonic dispersion of a liquid medium

Country Status (3)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0416106A4 (en)
JP (1) JPH0560986B2 (en)
WO (1) WO1990011135A1 (en)

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0638001A1 (en) * 1992-02-27 1995-02-15 Dymax Corporation Ultrasonic spray coating system and method
EP1322275A2 (en) * 2000-09-25 2003-07-02 Advanced Medical Applications Inc. Ultrasonic method and device for wound treatment
US7753285B2 (en) 2007-07-13 2010-07-13 Bacoustics, Llc Echoing ultrasound atomization and/or mixing system
US7780095B2 (en) 2007-07-13 2010-08-24 Bacoustics, Llc Ultrasound pumping apparatus
US7842249B2 (en) 2006-03-29 2010-11-30 Bacoustics, Llc Apparatus for vaccine development using ultrasound technology
US7896855B2 (en) 2007-07-13 2011-03-01 Bacoustics, Llc Method of treating wounds by creating a therapeutic combination with ultrasonic waves
US7901388B2 (en) 2007-07-13 2011-03-08 Bacoustics, Llc Method of treating wounds by creating a therapeutic solution with ultrasonic waves
US7914470B2 (en) 2001-01-12 2011-03-29 Celleration, Inc. Ultrasonic method and device for wound treatment
US7950594B2 (en) 2008-02-11 2011-05-31 Bacoustics, Llc Mechanical and ultrasound atomization and mixing system
US8491521B2 (en) 2007-01-04 2013-07-23 Celleration, Inc. Removable multi-channel applicator nozzle

Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8235919B2 (en) 2001-01-12 2012-08-07 Celleration, Inc. Ultrasonic method and device for wound treatment
US7846341B2 (en) 2006-12-04 2010-12-07 Bacoustics, Llc Method of ultrasonically treating a continuous flow of fluid
US8016208B2 (en) 2008-02-08 2011-09-13 Bacoustics, Llc Echoing ultrasound atomization and mixing system
US7830070B2 (en) 2008-02-12 2010-11-09 Bacoustics, Llc Ultrasound atomization system

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5756067A (en) * 1980-09-19 1982-04-03 Toshiba Corp Emulsion spray
EP0239395A2 (en) * 1986-03-25 1987-09-30 Toa Nenryo Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Ultrasonic atomizing apparatus

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
NL189237C (en) * 1980-04-12 1993-02-16 Battelle Institut E V Device for squirt of liquids.
JPS61259784A (en) * 1985-05-13 1986-11-18 Toa Nenryo Kogyo Kk Vibrator for ultrasonic injection

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5756067A (en) * 1980-09-19 1982-04-03 Toshiba Corp Emulsion spray
EP0239395A2 (en) * 1986-03-25 1987-09-30 Toa Nenryo Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Ultrasonic atomizing apparatus

Non-Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
PATENT ABSTRACTS OF JAPAN vol. 6, no. 131 (C-114)(1009) July 17, 1982 & JP-A-57 56 067 (TOKYO SHIBAURA DENKI K.K. ) April 3, 1982 *
See also references of WO9011135A1 *
SOVIET INVENTIONS ILLUSTRATED Section P/Q, week 8706, 11 feb. 87 Derwent Publication Ltd, London G.B. *

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0638001A1 (en) * 1992-02-27 1995-02-15 Dymax Corporation Ultrasonic spray coating system and method
EP0638001A4 (en) * 1992-02-27 1995-10-18 Dymax Corp Ultrasonic spray coating system and method.
EP1322275A2 (en) * 2000-09-25 2003-07-02 Advanced Medical Applications Inc. Ultrasonic method and device for wound treatment
EP1322275A4 (en) * 2000-09-25 2004-10-27 Advanced Medical Applic Inc Ultrasonic method and device for wound treatment
US7914470B2 (en) 2001-01-12 2011-03-29 Celleration, Inc. Ultrasonic method and device for wound treatment
US7943352B2 (en) 2006-03-29 2011-05-17 Bacoustics, Llc Apparatus and methods for vaccine development using ultrasound technology
US7842249B2 (en) 2006-03-29 2010-11-30 Bacoustics, Llc Apparatus for vaccine development using ultrasound technology
US8491521B2 (en) 2007-01-04 2013-07-23 Celleration, Inc. Removable multi-channel applicator nozzle
US7896854B2 (en) 2007-07-13 2011-03-01 Bacoustics, Llc Method of treating wounds by creating a therapeutic solution with ultrasonic waves
US7901388B2 (en) 2007-07-13 2011-03-08 Bacoustics, Llc Method of treating wounds by creating a therapeutic solution with ultrasonic waves
US7780095B2 (en) 2007-07-13 2010-08-24 Bacoustics, Llc Ultrasound pumping apparatus
US7753285B2 (en) 2007-07-13 2010-07-13 Bacoustics, Llc Echoing ultrasound atomization and/or mixing system
US7896855B2 (en) 2007-07-13 2011-03-01 Bacoustics, Llc Method of treating wounds by creating a therapeutic combination with ultrasonic waves
US7950594B2 (en) 2008-02-11 2011-05-31 Bacoustics, Llc Mechanical and ultrasound atomization and mixing system

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
WO1990011135A1 (en) 1990-10-04 application
JPH0560986B2 (en) 1993-09-03 grant
EP0416106A4 (en) 1992-03-11 application
JPH03504821A (en) 1991-10-24 application

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