EP0413632A1 - Process to reduce or suppress cigarette spotting; cigarette and cigarette paper related to the process - Google Patents

Process to reduce or suppress cigarette spotting; cigarette and cigarette paper related to the process Download PDF

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Publication number
EP0413632A1
EP0413632A1 EP90402290A EP90402290A EP0413632A1 EP 0413632 A1 EP0413632 A1 EP 0413632A1 EP 90402290 A EP90402290 A EP 90402290A EP 90402290 A EP90402290 A EP 90402290A EP 0413632 A1 EP0413632 A1 EP 0413632A1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
cigarette
inner wrapper
paper
air permeability
made
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
EP90402290A
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German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP0413632B1 (en
Inventor
Marcelle Le Gars
Nicolas Baskevitch
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Papeteries de Mauduit
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Papeteries de Mauduit
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Publication date
Priority to FR8910879 priority Critical
Priority to FR8910879A priority patent/FR2650735B1/en
Application filed by Papeteries de Mauduit filed Critical Papeteries de Mauduit
Publication of EP0413632A1 publication Critical patent/EP0413632A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP0413632B1 publication Critical patent/EP0413632B1/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24DCIGARS; CIGARETTES; TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS; MOUTHPIECES FOR CIGARS OR CIGARETTES; MANUFACTURE OF TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS OR MOUTHPIECES
    • A24D1/00Cigars; Cigarettes
    • A24D1/02Cigars; Cigarettes with special covers

Abstract

The invention concerns cigarette spotting.
To reduce or suppress cigarette paper spotting, cigarette is equiped with an inner wrapper placed between tobacco and the external enveloppe, this inner wrapper being a paper made of cellulose fibres, with a basis weight at the utmost equal to 30 g/m², presenting pores made during paper manufacture, or perforations made after manufacture in such a way that the air permeability is at least 500 coresta units.
This invention applies to all cigarettes and similar smoking products.

Description

  • Invention concerns a process to reduce, or even suppress the formation of spots on the over wrapper of a cigarette. It concerns also the paper to bring the process into operation and the corresponding cigarettes.
  • Cigarettes are generally wrapped in white cigarette paper. The degree of whiteness of a cigarette is considered as a quality characteristic. Conversely, yellowing or presence of brown spots on cigarette paper is considered by consumers as a sign of poor quality or too long storage. Experts know however that a long storage is not a prerequisite to yellowing or spotting. In fact, when cigarettes are kept under high humidity, spotting may happen within weeks or even days.
  • Spotting is explained by the transfer, at the point of contact between tobacco shreds and cigarette paper, of tobacco colored constituents. Cigarette paper is a highly hydrophilic material, due to (i) the chemical nature of cellulose, with its large number of hydroxyls groups, (ii) the physical structure of the fibers presenting a micro capillarity and (iii) the porous structure of the sheet (see N. Baskevitch, Annales du Tabac (Paris) vol 14, p 33-43 (1976)).
  • Under the influence of a high relative humidity, tobacco constituents transfered to the internal face of cigarette paper migrate through the paper to form visible discrete spots on the outside of the wrapper. No technique exists today which allows to solve a spotting problem when cigarettes are stored in extreme climatic conditions.
  • The object of the invention is to propose a technique allowing to solve this problem.
  • This is achieved, according to the invention, by providing the cigarette with an inner wrapper, placed between tobacco and the outer wrapper. This inner wrapper being a paper made of cellulosic fiber, with a basis weight below 30 g/m², exhibiting pores produced during paper manufacture or perforations made after its manufacture, in such a way that the inner wrapper offers an air permeability of at least 500 coresta units.
  • Coresta units, as defined by the "Cooperation center for scientific research related to tobacco" (CORESTA) is the flow rate (in cm³/mn) of air passing through 1 cm² area of cigarette paper under a depression of 10 cm water gauge. Results are expressed in cm³/mn/cm² or cm/mn.
  • A cigarette, according to the invention, is characterised as provided with an inner wrapper, placed between the outer-wrapper and tobacco, being a paper made of cellulosic fibre, with a basis weight below 30 g/m², exhibiting pores produced during paper manufacture or perforations made after paper manufacture, in such a way that the inner wrapper offers an air permeability of at least 500 cm/mn (coresta units).
  • In a preferred way, the air permeability obtained through perfora­tions or macropores is at least 1000, or better above 1500, or even better above 3000 coresta units.
  • By producing macropores, a majority of which are comprised between 3 and 15 microns radius, one may advantageously obtain an air permeabili­ty in the range of 30 000 to 40 000 cm/m (coresta units).
  • Experts use a method which allows to evaluate the structure of porous papers and to distinguish between structures consisting mainly of micropores or macropores. This method is based on the physical laws describing the flow of air through porous materials. According to Poiseuille law, the air flow (F) through microporous capillaries is a direct function of the pressure differential ( P) between the two faces. Air flow is laminar
    F = Z x Δ P
  • In contrast, according to Bernouilli theorem, the air flow through macroporous orifices is a function of the square root of the pressure differential between the two faces. Air flow is turbulent.
    F = Z x Δ P
  • In practice, the nature of the porous structure of paper is evaluated by measuring its air permeability under two pressure differential : 0,5 and 2 cbar, and by calculating the index
    Figure imgb0001
  • A index equal to 1,0 characterises a paper whose porous structure is entirely made of micropores. Cigarette papers show generally an index in the range of 0,9 to 1,0.
  • An index below 0,85 characterises a porous structure predominantly made of macropores and orifices. The papers used as inner wrapper in the invention have generally aR index, as described above, in the range 0,6 to 0,8.
  • It is advantageous to use as inner wrapper a paper with a basis weight as low as possible in order minimize its influence on the taste characteristics, and the tar and carbon monoxide deliveries in the smoke. According to the invention, it is preferable to use as inner wrapper a paper with a basis weight below 20 g/m², and better, below 16 g/m².
  • According to a further characteristics of the invention, the application of a water rapellent treatment to the inner wrapper allows total elimination of cigarette spotting, when needed.
  • The manufacture of cigarette with a double wrap on conventional cigarette maker should cause no special problem to the experts. It is recommended that the inner wrapper has a width corresponding exactly to cigarette circumference, allowing its sides to join without overlap. The width of the outer wrapper will be, in preference, such as allowing an overlap of 2 to 2,5 mm.
  • Examples.-
  • A laboratory test has been developped allowing an accelerated spotting of cigarette paper.
  • This test consists in storing the cigarettes during 72 hours in a climatic chamber (Model HO - Flam and Cie - Neuilly sur Marne - France) working at 80 % relative humidity and at 20°C.
  • A number of other experimental conditions were evaluated. The above conditions were prefered as they allow the simulation of cigarette spotting in a fast, reproducible and discriminatory way. The test result is expressed in number of discrete spots per cigarette, with an indication of the average diameter.
  • All commercial cigarettes experimented under the test conditions were uniformly spotted with brown blots with a diameter above 3 mm.
  • Under same test conditions, cigarettes equiped with papers, according to the invention showed no visible spots at the end of the test.
  • Example 1 (control experiment).-
  • Plain cigarettes, 8 mm in diameter, containing 850 mg of flue cured tobacco, wrapped in a cigarette paper grade Verge 30C (air permeability 30 cm/mn, R index 0,99 as combustion salt, sodium and potassium citrate 0,8 %) are subjected to the test conditions. After 72 hours, a large number of spots (more than 250/cig) with an average diameter above 3 mm, is observed.
  • Example 2.-
  • Cigarette with same characteristics as control are wrapped with two layers of the same cigarette paper "Verge 30C".
  • The width of the inner wrapper is 25 mm.
  • The width of the outer wrapper is 27,5 mm. After 72 hours under test conditions, around 100 spots per cigarette, with an average diameter of 3 mm, are observed.
  • Example 3.-
  • Cigarettes with same characteristics as control are double wrapped. The inner wrapper is a paper "65-18" with an air permeability of 6500 coresta units, a R index of 0,62 and a basis weight of 18 g/m². The outer wrapper is a cigarette paper "Verge 30C".
  • The width of the inner wrapper is 25 mm.
  • The width of the outer wrapper is 27,5 mm. After 72 hours under test conditions, around 100 spots per cigarette, with an average diameter of 1 mm, are observed.
  • Example 4.-
  • Cigarettes with same characteristics as control are double wrapped. The inner wrapper is a paper "13 TUC" with an air permeability of 3500 coresta units, a R index of 0,60 and a basis weight of 13 g/m². The outer wrapper is a cigarette paper "VERGE 30".
  • The width of the inner wrapper is 25 mm.
  • The width of the outer wrapper is 27,5 mm. After 72 hours under test conditions, around 50 spots per cigarette, with an average diameter of 1 mm, are observed.
  • Example 5.-
  • Cigarettes with same characteristics as control are double wrapped. The inner wrapper is a paper "15 TUC" with an air permeability of 8000 coresta units, a R index of 0,61 and a basis weight of 15 g/m². The outer wrapper is a cigarette paper "Verge 30C".
  • The width of the inner wrapper is 25 mm.
  • The witdh of the outer wrapper is 27,5 mm. After 72 hours under test conditions, around 50 spots per cigarette, with an average diameter of 1 mm, are observed.
  • Example 6.-
  • Cigarettes with same characteristics as control are double wrapped. The inner wrapper is a paper "65-18 aqua" with an air permeability of 6500 coresta units which has received a water repellent treatment by addition of 0,5 % of alkyletene dimer (Aquapel TM from Hercules Corp.), its R index of 0,62 and a basis weight of 18 g/m². The outer wrapper is a cigarette paper "Verge 3oC".
  • The width of the inner wrapper is 25 mm.
  • The width of the outer wrapper is 27,5 mm. No spotting at all is observed after 72 hours under test conditions.
  • Example 7.-
  • The nature of the tobacco blend has generally little influence on spotting of cigarettes stored under high relative humidity. Most tobaccos offer similar propension to spotting of cigarettes with a single wrap. Mentholated blends are known to be more prone to generate cigarette spotting.
  • Cigarette papers, whatever their physical (basis weight, thickness) or chemical (fiber composition, filler content) characteristics show generally similar propension to spotting as climatic conditions become extreme. The presence of combustion salts, like sodium or potassium citrate, incorporated in high concentration to cigarette paper is a worsening factor for spotting.
  • In order to test the invention in the most difficult conditions, an experiment was designed where a mentholated blend has been combined with a cigarette paper containing a high level of potassium citrate.
  • Control.-
  • Control cigarettes, plain, are manufactured (850 mg tobacco, 8 mm diameter) from a mentholated american blend wrapped in a single layer of cigarette paper "80 C7", with an air permeability of 80 coresta units, a R index of 0,98 and as combustion salt, 7 % of potassium citrate.
  • After 72 hours under test conditions, the cigarettes are totally spotted.
  • Experiment.-
  • Cigarettes with same characteristics as control are manufactured from the mentholated blend wrapped in two layers of paper.
  • The inner wrapper is a paper "65-18 aqua" with an air permeability of 6500 coresta units and aR index of 0,62. This paper has received a water repellent treatment by addition of 0,5 % alkyletene dimer. The outer wrapper is a cigarette paper 80 C7 (air permeability 80 coresta, combustion salt : potassium citrate 7 %).
  • After 72 hours in the climatic chamber (80 % relative humidity, 20°C), no spots at all are observed on the cigarette paper.
  • Note :
  • In the examples, the name of papers Vergé 30C, 65-18, 13 TUC, TUC, 65-18 aqua, 80C7 are commercial grades manufactured by PAPETERIES DE MAUDUIT (France).
  • The invention is applicable to all cigarettes and smoking products susceptible to suffer from similar problems.
  • The word "cigarette" use in the claims covers also "smoking products".

Claims (9)

1. Process to reduce, or even suppress, the formation of spots on the external enveloppe of a cigarette, in particular a cigarette stored under high relative humidity conditions, wherein the cigarette is equiped with an inner wrapper placed between tobacco and the external enveloppe, this inner wrapper being a paper made of cellulose fibre having a basis weight at the utmost equal to 30 g/m², presenting pores made during paper manufacture or perforations made after paper manufacture, in such a way that the inner wrapper has an air permeability of at least 500 coresta units
2. Cigarette including an external enveloppe, wrapped around tobacco characterised by the presence between the external enveloppe and tobacco, of an inner wrapper made of cellulose fibres having a basis weight at the utmost equal to 30 g/m², and presenting pores made during paper manufacture or perforations made after manufacture in such a way that the inner wrapper has an air permeability of at least 500 coresta units.
3. Cigarette of claim 2, wherein the air permeability of the inner wrapper is superior to 1000, preferably superior to 1500, even better superior to 3000 coresta units.
4. Cigarette of claim 2 or 3, wherein the air permeability of the inner wrapper is essentially due to pores, whose majority has a radius in the range of 3 to 15 microns.
5. Cigarette of claim 4, wherein the air permeability of the inner wrapper is in the range 30 000 to 40 000 coresta units.
6. Cigarette of any of claims 2 to 5, wherein the inner wrapper has a basis weight under 20 g/m², or even better under 16 g/m².
7. Cigarette of any of claims 2 to 6, wherein the inner wrapper has received a water repellent treatment.
8. Cigarette of claim 7, wherein the inner wrapper has received an addition of alkylketene dimer.
9. Paper made of cellulosic fibers, as defined as inner wrapper of a cigarette according to any of claims 2 to 8.
EP90402290A 1989-08-14 1990-08-13 Process to reduce or suppress cigarette spotting; cigarette and cigarette paper related to the process Expired - Lifetime EP0413632B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR8910879 1989-08-14
FR8910879A FR2650735B1 (en) 1989-08-14 1989-08-14 Method to reduce or remove the staining on a cigarette, cigarette, cigarette paper related to PROCESS

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0413632A1 true EP0413632A1 (en) 1991-02-20
EP0413632B1 EP0413632B1 (en) 1994-11-09

Family

ID=9384705

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP90402290A Expired - Lifetime EP0413632B1 (en) 1989-08-14 1990-08-13 Process to reduce or suppress cigarette spotting; cigarette and cigarette paper related to the process

Country Status (10)

Country Link
US (1) US5143099A (en)
EP (1) EP0413632B1 (en)
JP (1) JP2660876B2 (en)
AT (1) AT113803T (en)
BG (1) BG60023A3 (en)
CA (1) CA2023079C (en)
DE (2) DE69014015T2 (en)
ES (1) ES2063941T3 (en)
FR (1) FR2650735B1 (en)
OA (1) OA9304A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1998032345A1 (en) * 1997-01-28 1998-07-30 British American Tobacco (Investments) Limited Smoking articles

Families Citing this family (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CA2277131A1 (en) 1998-08-14 2000-02-14 Schweitzer-Mauduit International, Inc. Process for increasing the wet strength of porous plug wraps for use in smoking articles
ES2202946T3 (en) 1999-03-13 2004-04-01 Tann-Papier Gesellschaft M.B.H. Cigarette.
US6298860B1 (en) 1999-09-15 2001-10-09 Schweitzer-Mauduit International, Inc. Process for improving the ash characteristics of a smoking article
AT547018T (en) * 2001-08-07 2012-03-15 Japan Tobacco Inc Double-packed cigarette and device and method for producing the cigarette
US6779530B2 (en) 2002-01-23 2004-08-24 Schweitzer-Mauduit International, Inc. Smoking articles with reduced ignition proclivity characteristics
US20050005947A1 (en) * 2003-07-11 2005-01-13 Schweitzer-Mauduit International, Inc. Smoking articles having reduced carbon monoxide delivery
US8151806B2 (en) 2005-02-07 2012-04-10 Schweitzer-Mauduit International, Inc. Smoking articles having reduced analyte levels and process for making same
US7712472B2 (en) * 2005-10-28 2010-05-11 National Honey Almond/Nha, Inc. Smoking article with removably secured additional wrapper and packaging for smoking article
EP2031990B1 (en) * 2006-06-01 2017-07-26 Schweitzer-Mauduit International, Inc. Free air burning smoking articles with reduced ignition proclivity characteristics
EP2596710A4 (en) 2010-07-22 2017-03-29 Japan Tobacco Inc. Tobacco product
TWI424820B (en) * 2010-07-29 2014-02-01 Japan Tobacco Inc Tobacco products
DE102012106154B4 (en) 2012-07-09 2014-06-12 Delfortgroup Ag Cigarette paper with improved air permeability, cigarette and method for producing a cigarette paper
AT513412B1 (en) * 2012-09-17 2014-07-15 Tannpapier Gmbh Tipping paper
AU2013329037B2 (en) 2012-10-11 2016-10-13 Schweitzer-Mauduit International, Inc. Wrapper having reduced ignition proclivity characteristics
AU2014291637B2 (en) * 2013-07-19 2017-07-20 Philip Morris Products, S.A. Hydrophobic paper
DE102013114012B3 (en) 2013-12-13 2014-12-11 Delfortgroup Ag Wrapping material for smoking articles with directional diffusion capacity
NO2768923T3 (en) * 2014-10-20 2018-05-05
DE102015105882B4 (en) * 2015-04-17 2017-06-08 Delfortgroup Ag Wrapping paper with high short fiber content and smoking article

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1175066B (en) * 1957-08-22 1964-07-30 Wacker Chemie Gmbh Impregnation for cigarette paper for the Prevention of spotting
US3633589A (en) * 1970-02-27 1972-01-11 Wilhelm Kahane Cigarette having composite wrapper construction
US4505282A (en) * 1978-05-12 1985-03-19 American Brands, Inc. Innerliner wrap for smoking articles

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NL6703935A (en) * 1967-03-16 1968-09-17
ZA8004947B (en) * 1979-08-28 1981-06-24 British American Tobacco Co Smoke filtration
US4561454A (en) * 1982-01-15 1985-12-31 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Smoking article having reduced sidestream smoke
US4622983A (en) * 1983-08-08 1986-11-18 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Reduced ignition proclivity smoking article wrapper and smoking article
US4615345A (en) * 1983-08-08 1986-10-07 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Wrapper constructions for self-extinguishing smoking articles
US5007439A (en) * 1986-05-09 1991-04-16 The American Tobacco Company Method of fabricating an all-tobacco cigarette controlling tar delivery and an all-tobacco cigarette
US4779631A (en) * 1987-03-06 1988-10-25 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Wrappers for specialty smoking devices
GB8720726D0 (en) * 1987-09-03 1987-10-07 British American Tobacco Co Smoking articles

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1175066B (en) * 1957-08-22 1964-07-30 Wacker Chemie Gmbh Impregnation for cigarette paper for the Prevention of spotting
US3633589A (en) * 1970-02-27 1972-01-11 Wilhelm Kahane Cigarette having composite wrapper construction
US4505282A (en) * 1978-05-12 1985-03-19 American Brands, Inc. Innerliner wrap for smoking articles

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1998032345A1 (en) * 1997-01-28 1998-07-30 British American Tobacco (Investments) Limited Smoking articles
US6257243B1 (en) 1997-01-28 2001-07-10 Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corporation Smoking articles

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JPH03151867A (en) 1991-06-28
US5143099A (en) 1992-09-01
BG60023A3 (en) 1993-07-15
FR2650735A1 (en) 1991-02-15
FR2650735B1 (en) 1991-11-29
CA2023079C (en) 1998-04-07
OA9304A (en) 1992-09-15
DE69014015D1 (en) 1994-12-15
CA2023079A1 (en) 1991-02-15
ES2063941T3 (en) 1995-01-16
EP0413632B1 (en) 1994-11-09
DE69014015T2 (en) 1995-05-18
JP2660876B2 (en) 1997-10-08
AT113803T (en) 1994-11-15

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