EP0402308A1 - System of management of data, relating to security, based on cirteria of distributed intelligence - Google Patents

System of management of data, relating to security, based on cirteria of distributed intelligence Download PDF

Info

Publication number
EP0402308A1
EP0402308A1 EP90810356A EP90810356A EP0402308A1 EP 0402308 A1 EP0402308 A1 EP 0402308A1 EP 90810356 A EP90810356 A EP 90810356A EP 90810356 A EP90810356 A EP 90810356A EP 0402308 A1 EP0402308 A1 EP 0402308A1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
data
sensor units
management
management system
preceding
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
EP90810356A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP0402308B1 (en
Inventor
Rahel Seeger
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
TEAN AG
Original Assignee
TEAN AG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CH176689A priority Critical patent/CH675789A5/it
Priority to CH1766/89 priority
Application filed by TEAN AG filed Critical TEAN AG
Publication of EP0402308A1 publication Critical patent/EP0402308A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP0402308B1 publication Critical patent/EP0402308B1/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B25/00Alarm systems in which the location of the alarm condition is signalled to a central station, e.g. fire or police telegraphic systems
    • G08B25/01Alarm systems in which the location of the alarm condition is signalled to a central station, e.g. fire or police telegraphic systems characterised by the transmission medium
    • G08B25/08Alarm systems in which the location of the alarm condition is signalled to a central station, e.g. fire or police telegraphic systems characterised by the transmission medium using communication transmission lines

Abstract

The device has as its object a data management system, relating to security, based on criteria of distributed intelligence, characterized in that it comprises a plurality of sensor units (1), each able to manage specific sensors of the seismic, microphone, thermal type and to perform a series of local activities.
Said plurality of sensor units is connected to a main loop (2), able to verify and organize the data received from the individual sensor units, in a file.
Further, a concentrator (3) is provided, able to access the data stored in the main loop and to make a comparison between the data and its own logic maps, the concentrator communicates with a computer (4), at the central level, using the data networks existing in the banking institutions.

Description

  • This invention has as its object a system of management of data, relating to security, based on criteria of distributed intelligence.
  • As it known, in general, theftproof and burglarproof security installations, which are used for the protection of high-risk premises such as banking institutions and the like are now made up of three basic components, which are correlated and conceptually distinct, namely: the central, connections and sensors.
  • The central has the function of collecting, by the connections, the signals that originate at the sensors, when the latter are activated by outside events.
  • In such types of installations, the sensors simply constitute passive elements that have only the function of detecting a signal but are not able to provide for its immediate processing, at least for some types of functions.
  • This dispersion creates notable collection problems and does not make it possible to obtain a truly effective service, able to meet the individual needs that occur.
  • The object of the invention is to eliminate the above-mentioned drawbacks by achieving a system of management of data, relating to security, based on criteria of distributed intelligence, which makes it possible to have sensors able to perform determined functions and to be interconnected to follow an overall program for the entire defense system.
  • In particular, said data management system should be able to use, by interconnection of the various sensors, the data network existing in banking institutions, thus having the possibility of simplifying the connections themselves and making them efficient.
  • Further, the system, according to this invention, makes it possible to correlate, by logical programs, signals coming from various sensing sections, to filter, on a single device, possible false alarms and spurious signals coming from the environment.
  • Finally, in the management system a particular sensor unit is provided, which constitutes an optimal block for the entire functioning system.
  • The above-mentioned object as well as said aims and others, which will be shown better below, are achieved by a data management system, relating to security, based on criteria of distributed intelligence, characterized by comprising a plurality of sensor units each able to manage specific sensors, of the seismic, microphone, thermal type and to follow a series of local activities.
  • Said plurality of sensor units are connected to a main loop, able to verity and organize the data received from individual sensor units in a file.
  • Further, a concentrator is provided, able to access data filed in the main loop and to make a comparison between the data and its own logical maps.
  • The concentrator communicates with a computer, at the central level, using data networks existing in the banking institutions.
  • Further characteristics and advantages of the invention will be shown better by an examination of the description of a preferred, but not exclusive, embodiment, of a data management system, relating to security, based on the criteria of distributed intelligence, which is illustrated in the accompanying drawings in which:
    • fig. 1 represents a block diagram;
    • fig. 2 represents the block diagram of a main loop.
  • With particular reference to the numerical symbols of said figures, it is noted that the data management system, relating to security, based on criteria of distributed intelligence, comprises a plurality of sensor units, indicated overall by reference number 1.
  • Each sensor unit has a significant processing capacity and contains an 8-bit microprocessor and has 32 K of ROM and 32 K of RAM.
  • Further, internally, the sensor unit has two EIA standard serial interfaces.
  • The sensor unit manages the communications on one of the interfaces, by a standard protocol, which permits its connection to the network.
  • Further, the sensor unit has input and output ports, which allows interfacing of the sensor with external security devices, operating with ON/OFF logics.
  • In its practical use, sensor unit 1 performs the task of managing, in an optimal way, the sensors that it has on board, for example of the type: seismic, microphone, thermal.
  • In particular, it performs a series of local activities such as: calculation of mobile media, elimination of offset, detection of peaks and of threshold slow passages, comparison of variable thresholds and the like.
  • Besides the specific operations relating to its sensors, the sensor unit collects and transfers data from and for external security devices.
  • For example, it is possible to connect to a sensor unit eight open logic inputs (contacts with resistances in series) -- and four actuators controlled by contacts.
  • The input lines coming from the external devices are monitored by using the intelligence of the sensor unit, with a modulation logic of the supply voltage of the lines themselves.
  • Further, the sensor unit interprets, as commands, some messages routed by the network and transforms them into activations of the corresponding outputs (for example, microwave test devices, other test devices).
  • The concentration of the messages exchanged with the sensor units and the connection between the network of sensor units and the central system take place, by a specialized card, with loop function, which is connected to a concentrator consisting of a personal computer.
  • Each main loop, indicated by 2, is able to manage a network of sixteen sensor units, which is turn are connected to clusters of ON/OFF security devices, and to concentrate their data.
  • Advantageously, main loop 2 consists of a card compatible with the bus of any MS/DOS personal computer; several main loop cards can be introduced into a personal computer, to enable the latter to concentrate the data supplied by several groups of sixteen sensor units.
  • More in detail, each main loop 2 exhibits a buffer 10 in communication with sensors 1 and connected to a USART group 11, which, by a line 12, is in communication with a data bus 13, placed between ROM 32 K, RAM 32 K and RAM 32 K, indicated by 14, and a control group 15.
  • Line 12 is connected to input coupling 16 and output coupling 17, and also to a second USART group 18, which, by buffer 19, is connected to a HOST communication line.
  • Buffer 19 is then connected to a buffer 20, which communicates with a multiplier 21 for return to USART group 18, controlled by a baud speed generator 22, associated with a baud speed generator 23, of group 11 and interconnected to a real time clock 24, controlled by a clock generator connected to group 15.
  • Coupling input 16 and coupling output 17 are connected to one another by a PC interruption line 30 and are connected to a PC data bus 31.
  • The functions of the security system are distributed at three different levels corresponding to the hierarchical levels of the network.
  • The first level consists of sensor unit 1, and at this level functions are delegated that have a local value; in particular, management of going beyond thresholds and of the states of the sensors or devices external to the sensor unit, which give rise to "events" to be communicated to the higher level.
  • Further, sensor unit 1 performs management of test cycles and diagnostics of the various sensors.
  • Main loop 2 has the task of managing the protocols of communication with the cluster of sensors; it does not perform logical functions on the data received from the various sensor units but verifies it and organizes it in a file, in which it is accessible by a concentrator, indicated by 3.
  • The concentrator performs a filtering action on the events indicated by the various sensor units, comparing them with its own logic maps.
  • These logic maps can refer to: modalities of processing of events, schedules of activation, type of effect desired, messages to be correlated, physical locations, and others.
  • In addition, the maps refer to the connection between events indicated by the different sensor units and to the management of the sequence of events, actually, in some cases and event, by itself, is not a cause for alarm but becomes one in case it is followed, within a certain interval, by one or more events of another type.
  • The management of these maps comprises the recognition of time zones for which the concentrator manages a clock, with hour and data, and able to distinguish holidays and work half-days.
  • In addition, concentrator 3 has a magnetic disk unit and a printer, on which are recorded the events, alarms and modifications made in the logic maps which define the functioning of the entire system.
  • In turn, the concentrator is able to communicate with a computer 4, at the central level, being able to be introduced in the data system of a banking institute, by the hardware and software supports themselves (modems, concentrators, protocols, data networks) used for the transactions.
  • With respect to the central computer, it constitutes the node of the concentration of the data and management of the functions relative to security: it sends the signal of alarms detected and possibly receives updating of the maps and orders for local operations.
  • On concentrator 3 is installed a user interface software that has the task of guiding the operator in the definition of logic areas, time zones, holiday programming, test cycles, connections, introduction of overtime, disabling of broken sensors and other functions at the system level, and to transform these indications into logic maps.
  • The invention, as conceived, is capable of numerous variants and modifications, all coming within the scope of the inventive concept.
  • Further, all the details can be replaced by other technically equivalent elements.
  • In practice, the means used, because they are compatible with the specific use, can be any kind, depending on the requirements.

Claims (7)

1. Data management system, relating to security, based on criteria of distributed intelligence, characterized by comprising a plurality of sensor units, each able to manage specific sensors of the seismic, microphone, thermal type and to perform a series of local activities; said plurality of sensor units is connected to a main loop able to verify and organize the data received from the individual sensor units, in a file; further, a concentrator is provided, able to access the data stored in the main loop and to make a comparison between the data and its own logic maps; the concentrator communicates with a computer, at the central level, using the data networks existing in the banking institutions.
2. Management system according to the preceding claim, wherein each sensor unit has the function of performing the management of going beyond the threshold and of the states of the sensors or devices external to the sensor unit, which give rise to events to be communicated at the higher level.
3. Managament system according to one or more of the preceding claims, wherein each sensor unit is able to perform the management of test cycles and diagnostics of the various sensors.
4. Management system according to one or more of the preceding claims, wherein sixteen sensor units are connected to each main loop.
5. Management system according to one or more of the preceding claims, wherein the logic maps refer to: modalities of processing the events, activation schedules, type of effect desired, messages to be correlated, physical location and the like.
6. Management system according to one or more of the preceding claims, wherein the logic maps are able to make connections between events indicated by different sensor units, also the management of sequences of events.
7. Management system according to one or more of the preceding claims, wherein the concentrator has magnetic disk units and a printer to record the events, alarms and modifications made in the logic map
EP90810356A 1989-05-11 1990-05-11 System of management of data, relating to security, based on cirteria of distributed intelligence Expired - Lifetime EP0402308B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CH176689A CH675789A5 (en) 1989-05-11 1989-05-11
CH1766/89 1989-05-11

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0402308A1 true EP0402308A1 (en) 1990-12-12
EP0402308B1 EP0402308B1 (en) 1994-12-14

Family

ID=4218075

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP90810356A Expired - Lifetime EP0402308B1 (en) 1989-05-11 1990-05-11 System of management of data, relating to security, based on cirteria of distributed intelligence

Country Status (5)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0402308B1 (en)
AT (1) AT115751T (en)
CH (1) CH675789A5 (en)
DE (1) DE69015003D1 (en)
ES (2) ES2014654A6 (en)

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0111982A1 (en) * 1982-12-17 1984-06-27 ADT, Inc. Integrated security system having a multiprogrammed controller
US4589081A (en) * 1983-03-15 1986-05-13 Dynatrend, Incorporated Intelligent surveillance alarm system and method
US4688183A (en) * 1984-12-24 1987-08-18 United Technologies Corporation Fire and security system with multi detector-occupancy-temperature-smoke (MDOTS) sensors
US4749985A (en) * 1987-04-13 1988-06-07 United States Of America As Represented By The United States Department Of Energy Functional relationship-based alarm processing

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0111982A1 (en) * 1982-12-17 1984-06-27 ADT, Inc. Integrated security system having a multiprogrammed controller
US4589081A (en) * 1983-03-15 1986-05-13 Dynatrend, Incorporated Intelligent surveillance alarm system and method
US4688183A (en) * 1984-12-24 1987-08-18 United Technologies Corporation Fire and security system with multi detector-occupancy-temperature-smoke (MDOTS) sensors
US4749985A (en) * 1987-04-13 1988-06-07 United States Of America As Represented By The United States Department Of Energy Functional relationship-based alarm processing

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
IEE PROCEEDINGS *
TN-NACHRICHTEN *

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
AT115751T (en) 1994-12-15
EP0402308B1 (en) 1994-12-14
ES2014654A6 (en) 1990-07-16
ES2064701T3 (en) 1995-02-01
DE69015003D1 (en) 1995-01-26
CH675789A5 (en) 1990-10-31

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
Hart Residential energy monitoring and computerized surveillance via utility power flows
US4343042A (en) Bi-directional data transmission and control system
US5475378A (en) Electronic access control mail box system
US5406260A (en) Network security system for detecting removal of electronic equipment
US4361832A (en) Automatic centralized monitoring system
EP0424994B1 (en) Malfunction protection system
EP2153382B1 (en) Dynamically programmable rfid transponder
AU728366B2 (en) Method and apparatus for logical addressing in a modular patient care system
US5150409A (en) Device for the identification of messages
US4829560A (en) Communications system for use in a hotel/motel
AU770699B2 (en) Computer network intrusion detection
CA1160311A (en) Central station alarm reporting system
US6320501B1 (en) Multiple sensor system for alarm determination with device-to-device communications
US3931504A (en) Electronic data processing security system and method
EP0431751A1 (en) Repeaters for secure local area networks
US5966510A (en) SCSI-coupled module for monitoring and controlling SCSI-coupled raid bank and bank environment
CA2088740C (en) System for automatically monitoring copiers from a remote location
US4206449A (en) Multiple sensor intrusion alarm system
CA1131366A (en) Data processing transceiver circuit
KR100259458B1 (en) Electronic money storage device and ic card control method
US4864519A (en) Information transmission system
US7376839B2 (en) Smart card access control system
RU2313120C2 (en) Manual diagnostics and communication device with automatic bus recognition
US7734572B2 (en) Building automation system controller
CN1222150C (en) Monitoring supporting method and system for providing service to service business using with communication network

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AK Designated contracting states:

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): AT BE DE DK ES FR GB GR IT LU NL SE

17P Request for examination filed

Effective date: 19901212

17Q First examination report

Effective date: 19930812

ITF It: translation for a ep patent filed

Owner name: FIAMMENGHI FIAMMENGHI RACHELI

AK Designated contracting states:

Kind code of ref document: B1

Designated state(s): AT BE DE DK ES FR GB GR IT LU NL SE

REF Corresponds to:

Ref document number: 115751

Country of ref document: AT

Date of ref document: 19941215

Kind code of ref document: T

Format of ref document f/p: P

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: NL

Effective date: 19941214

Ref country code: FR

Effective date: 19941214

Ref country code: GR

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF FAILURE TO SUBMIT A TRANSLATION OF THE DESCRIPTION OR TO PAY THE FEE WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED TIME-LIMIT

Effective date: 19941214

Ref country code: BE

Effective date: 19941214

Ref country code: DK

Effective date: 19941214

Ref country code: AT

Effective date: 19941214

REF Corresponds to:

Ref document number: 69015003

Country of ref document: DE

Date of ref document: 19950126

Format of ref document f/p: P

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: ES

Ref legal event code: FG2A

Ref document number: 2064701

Country of ref document: ES

Kind code of ref document: T3

Format of ref document f/p: P

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: SE

Effective date: 19950314

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: DE

Effective date: 19950315

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: GB

Effective date: 19950511

EN Fr: translation not filed
NLV1 Nl: lapsed or annulled due to failure to fulfill the requirements of art. 29p and 29m of the patents act
PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: LU

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 19950531

26N No opposition filed
GBPC Gb: european patent ceased through non-payment of renewal fee

Effective date: 19950511

PGFP Postgrant: annual fees paid to national office

Ref country code: ES

Payment date: 19990521

Year of fee payment: 10

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: ES

Free format text: THE PATENT HAS BEEN ANNULLED BY A DECISION OF A NATIONAL AUTHORITY

Effective date: 20000512

REG Reference to a national code

Ref country code: ES

Ref legal event code: FD2A

Effective date: 20020204

PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: IT

Free format text: LAPSE BECAUSE OF NON-PAYMENT OF DUE FEES

Effective date: 20050511