EP0352435A2 - Floor covering - Google Patents

Floor covering Download PDF

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Publication number
EP0352435A2
EP0352435A2 EP19890109575 EP89109575A EP0352435A2 EP 0352435 A2 EP0352435 A2 EP 0352435A2 EP 19890109575 EP19890109575 EP 19890109575 EP 89109575 A EP89109575 A EP 89109575A EP 0352435 A2 EP0352435 A2 EP 0352435A2
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EP
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Patent type
Prior art keywords
floor covering
characterized
layer
plate
covering according
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
EP19890109575
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German (de)
French (fr)
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EP0352435A3 (en )
EP0352435B1 (en )
Inventor
Cord-Henrich Huchzermeyer
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DART S.R.O.
Original Assignee
HUCHZERMEYER HERFORDER TEPPICH CO GmbH
Herforder Teppichfabrik Huchzermeyer & Co GmbH
HUCHZERMEYER HERFORDER TEPPICH
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06NWALL, FLOOR OR LIKE COVERING MATERIALS, e.g. LINOLEUM, OILCLOTH, ARTIFICIAL LEATHER, ROOFING FELT, CONSISTING OF A FIBROUS WEB COATED WITH A LAYER OF MACROMOLECULAR MATERIAL; FLEXIBLE SHEET MATERIAL NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06N7/00Flexible sheet materials not otherwise provided for, e.g. textile threads, filaments, yarns or tow, glued on macromolecular material, e.g. fibrous top layer with resin backing, plastic naps or dots on fabrics
    • D06N7/0063Floor covering on textile basis comprising a fibrous top layer being coated at the back with at least one polymer layer, e.g. carpets, rugs, synthetic turf
    • D06N7/0071Floor covering on textile basis comprising a fibrous top layer being coated at the back with at least one polymer layer, e.g. carpets, rugs, synthetic turf characterised by their backing, e.g. pre-coat, back coating, secondary backing, cushion backing
    • D06N7/0081Floor covering on textile basis comprising a fibrous top layer being coated at the back with at least one polymer layer, e.g. carpets, rugs, synthetic turf characterised by their backing, e.g. pre-coat, back coating, secondary backing, cushion backing with at least one extra fibrous layer at the backing, e.g. stabilizing fibrous layer, fibrous secondary backing
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06NWALL, FLOOR OR LIKE COVERING MATERIALS, e.g. LINOLEUM, OILCLOTH, ARTIFICIAL LEATHER, ROOFING FELT, CONSISTING OF A FIBROUS WEB COATED WITH A LAYER OF MACROMOLECULAR MATERIAL; FLEXIBLE SHEET MATERIAL NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06N7/00Flexible sheet materials not otherwise provided for, e.g. textile threads, filaments, yarns or tow, glued on macromolecular material, e.g. fibrous top layer with resin backing, plastic naps or dots on fabrics
    • D06N7/0063Floor covering on textile basis comprising a fibrous top layer being coated at the back with at least one polymer layer, e.g. carpets, rugs, synthetic turf
    • D06N7/0071Floor covering on textile basis comprising a fibrous top layer being coated at the back with at least one polymer layer, e.g. carpets, rugs, synthetic turf characterised by their backing, e.g. pre-coat, back coating, secondary backing, cushion backing
    • D06N7/0073Floor covering on textile basis comprising a fibrous top layer being coated at the back with at least one polymer layer, e.g. carpets, rugs, synthetic turf characterised by their backing, e.g. pre-coat, back coating, secondary backing, cushion backing the back coating or pre-coat being applied as an aqueous dispersion or latex
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/18Separately-laid insulating layers; Other additional insulating measures; Floating floors
    • E04F15/182Underlayers coated with adhesive or mortar to receive the flooring
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/18Separately-laid insulating layers; Other additional insulating measures; Floating floors
    • E04F15/185Underlayers in the form of studded or ribbed plates
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06NWALL, FLOOR OR LIKE COVERING MATERIALS, e.g. LINOLEUM, OILCLOTH, ARTIFICIAL LEATHER, ROOFING FELT, CONSISTING OF A FIBROUS WEB COATED WITH A LAYER OF MACROMOLECULAR MATERIAL; FLEXIBLE SHEET MATERIAL NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06N2201/00Chemical constitution of the fibres, threads or yarns
    • D06N2201/02Synthetic macromolecular fibres
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06NWALL, FLOOR OR LIKE COVERING MATERIALS, e.g. LINOLEUM, OILCLOTH, ARTIFICIAL LEATHER, ROOFING FELT, CONSISTING OF A FIBROUS WEB COATED WITH A LAYER OF MACROMOLECULAR MATERIAL; FLEXIBLE SHEET MATERIAL NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06N2201/00Chemical constitution of the fibres, threads or yarns
    • D06N2201/02Synthetic macromolecular fibres
    • D06N2201/0245Acrylic resin fibres
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06NWALL, FLOOR OR LIKE COVERING MATERIALS, e.g. LINOLEUM, OILCLOTH, ARTIFICIAL LEATHER, ROOFING FELT, CONSISTING OF A FIBROUS WEB COATED WITH A LAYER OF MACROMOLECULAR MATERIAL; FLEXIBLE SHEET MATERIAL NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06N2201/00Chemical constitution of the fibres, threads or yarns
    • D06N2201/02Synthetic macromolecular fibres
    • D06N2201/0254Polyolefin fibres
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06NWALL, FLOOR OR LIKE COVERING MATERIALS, e.g. LINOLEUM, OILCLOTH, ARTIFICIAL LEATHER, ROOFING FELT, CONSISTING OF A FIBROUS WEB COATED WITH A LAYER OF MACROMOLECULAR MATERIAL; FLEXIBLE SHEET MATERIAL NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06N2201/00Chemical constitution of the fibres, threads or yarns
    • D06N2201/08Inorganic fibres
    • D06N2201/085Metal fibres
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06NWALL, FLOOR OR LIKE COVERING MATERIALS, e.g. LINOLEUM, OILCLOTH, ARTIFICIAL LEATHER, ROOFING FELT, CONSISTING OF A FIBROUS WEB COATED WITH A LAYER OF MACROMOLECULAR MATERIAL; FLEXIBLE SHEET MATERIAL NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06N2203/00Macromolecular materials of the coating layers
    • D06N2203/04Macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • D06N2203/042Polyolefin (co)polymers
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06NWALL, FLOOR OR LIKE COVERING MATERIALS, e.g. LINOLEUM, OILCLOTH, ARTIFICIAL LEATHER, ROOFING FELT, CONSISTING OF A FIBROUS WEB COATED WITH A LAYER OF MACROMOLECULAR MATERIAL; FLEXIBLE SHEET MATERIAL NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06N2203/00Macromolecular materials of the coating layers
    • D06N2203/04Macromolecular compounds obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • D06N2203/045Vinyl (co)polymers
    • D06N2203/048Polyvinylchloride (co)polymers
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06NWALL, FLOOR OR LIKE COVERING MATERIALS, e.g. LINOLEUM, OILCLOTH, ARTIFICIAL LEATHER, ROOFING FELT, CONSISTING OF A FIBROUS WEB COATED WITH A LAYER OF MACROMOLECULAR MATERIAL; FLEXIBLE SHEET MATERIAL NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06N2203/00Macromolecular materials of the coating layers
    • D06N2203/06Macromolecular compounds obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • D06N2203/065Polyamides
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06NWALL, FLOOR OR LIKE COVERING MATERIALS, e.g. LINOLEUM, OILCLOTH, ARTIFICIAL LEATHER, ROOFING FELT, CONSISTING OF A FIBROUS WEB COATED WITH A LAYER OF MACROMOLECULAR MATERIAL; FLEXIBLE SHEET MATERIAL NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06N2203/00Macromolecular materials of the coating layers
    • D06N2203/06Macromolecular compounds obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • D06N2203/068Polyurethanes
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06NWALL, FLOOR OR LIKE COVERING MATERIALS, e.g. LINOLEUM, OILCLOTH, ARTIFICIAL LEATHER, ROOFING FELT, CONSISTING OF A FIBROUS WEB COATED WITH A LAYER OF MACROMOLECULAR MATERIAL; FLEXIBLE SHEET MATERIAL NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06N2203/00Macromolecular materials of the coating layers
    • D06N2203/08Bituminous material, e.g. asphalt, tar, bitumen
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06NWALL, FLOOR OR LIKE COVERING MATERIALS, e.g. LINOLEUM, OILCLOTH, ARTIFICIAL LEATHER, ROOFING FELT, CONSISTING OF A FIBROUS WEB COATED WITH A LAYER OF MACROMOLECULAR MATERIAL; FLEXIBLE SHEET MATERIAL NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06N2205/00Condition, form or state of the materials
    • D06N2205/04Foam
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06NWALL, FLOOR OR LIKE COVERING MATERIALS, e.g. LINOLEUM, OILCLOTH, ARTIFICIAL LEATHER, ROOFING FELT, CONSISTING OF A FIBROUS WEB COATED WITH A LAYER OF MACROMOLECULAR MATERIAL; FLEXIBLE SHEET MATERIAL NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06N2209/00Properties of the materials
    • D06N2209/02Properties of the materials having acoustical properties
    • D06N2209/025Insulating, sound absorber
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06NWALL, FLOOR OR LIKE COVERING MATERIALS, e.g. LINOLEUM, OILCLOTH, ARTIFICIAL LEATHER, ROOFING FELT, CONSISTING OF A FIBROUS WEB COATED WITH A LAYER OF MACROMOLECULAR MATERIAL; FLEXIBLE SHEET MATERIAL NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06N2209/00Properties of the materials
    • D06N2209/04Properties of the materials having electrical or magnetic properties
    • D06N2209/041Conductive
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06NWALL, FLOOR OR LIKE COVERING MATERIALS, e.g. LINOLEUM, OILCLOTH, ARTIFICIAL LEATHER, ROOFING FELT, CONSISTING OF A FIBROUS WEB COATED WITH A LAYER OF MACROMOLECULAR MATERIAL; FLEXIBLE SHEET MATERIAL NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06N2209/00Properties of the materials
    • D06N2209/06Properties of the materials having thermal properties
    • D06N2209/067Flame resistant, fire resistant
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06NWALL, FLOOR OR LIKE COVERING MATERIALS, e.g. LINOLEUM, OILCLOTH, ARTIFICIAL LEATHER, ROOFING FELT, CONSISTING OF A FIBROUS WEB COATED WITH A LAYER OF MACROMOLECULAR MATERIAL; FLEXIBLE SHEET MATERIAL NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06N2211/00Specially adapted uses
    • D06N2211/06Building materials
    • D06N2211/066Floor coverings
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06NWALL, FLOOR OR LIKE COVERING MATERIALS, e.g. LINOLEUM, OILCLOTH, ARTIFICIAL LEATHER, ROOFING FELT, CONSISTING OF A FIBROUS WEB COATED WITH A LAYER OF MACROMOLECULAR MATERIAL; FLEXIBLE SHEET MATERIAL NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06N2213/00Others characteristics
    • D06N2213/06Characteristics of the backing in carpets, rugs, synthetic lawn
    • D06N2213/061Non-continuous back coating or pre-coat

Abstract

In a floor covering comprising a fibre pile (16) or the like anchored as upper tread surface in a latex layer (15) or the like, and a softer, bottom layer where there is provided a lower sheet (10) formed with tufts (11) of a knitted or woven fabric web, whose tufts (11) are spaced apart in rows and protrude on one side to form cable ducts, there is arranged on the underside of the sheet (10) equipped with upward pointing tufts (11) a floor-facing random fibre layer (12) made of natural or man-made fibres. Above the sheet (10) equipped with tufts (11) there lies a load-equalising sheet (13) which supports the fibre pile (16) or the like, anchored in latex or the like, from below with a stiffening interlayer of bitumen (14) or the like. <IMAGE>

Description

  • Die Erfindung bezieht sich auf einen Fußbodenbelag mit einem in einer Latexschicht o. dgl. verankerten Faserflor o. dgl. als obere Laufschicht mit einer weicheren Unterschicht, bei dem eine untere, mit Noppen aus einer Gewirke- oder Gewebebahn gebildeten Platte vorgesehen ist, deren Noppen in Reihen mit Abstand voneinander unter Bildung von Kabelkanälen einseitig vorstehen. The invention relates to a floor covering with a like in a latex layer o.. Anchored batt o. The like. As the upper friction layer with a softer sublayer, wherein a lower, formed with knobs from a knits or woven web plate is provided with a stud spaced projecting in rows from each other to form cable ducts on one side.
  • Eine derartige Platte aus einer Gewirke- oder Gewebebahn, deren Fäden aus mit Kunstharz beschichteten oder imprägnierten Chemie-oder Naturfaser bestehen, zeigt eine hohe Stabilität bei geringem Gewicht. Such a plate from a knits or tissue web, the threads consist of synthetic resin coated or impregnated chemical or natural fiber, shows high stability and low weight.
  • Aufgabe der Erfindung ist es, einen derartigen Fußbodenbelag der vorgenannten Gattung dahingehend zu verbessern, daß bei verhältnismäßig einfacher maschineller Herstellung und Bodenverlegung mit Hilfskräften ein auf- und ausrollbarer, aus Einzelbahnen oder Fliesen (Platten) gebildeter Fußbodenbelag geschaffen wird, der neben einem verhältnismäßig geringen spezifischen Gewicht eine hohe Trittfestig keit und Gewichtsbelastbarkeit aufweist sowie auch Erschütterungen dämpft. The object of the invention is to provide such a Fußbodenbelag the aforementioned kind dahingehend to improve that with a relatively simple maschineller production and Bodenverlegung with assistants one up and ausrollbarer from Einzelbahnen or tiles (panels) educated Fußbodenbelag created is, in addition to a relatively low specific weight high Trittfestig has resistance and resistance to weight loading, and also damps vibration. Weiterhin soll der Fußbodenbelag einen geringen elektrischen Durchgangswiderstand bei guter Erdableitungsmöglichkeit aufweisen. Further, the floor covering should have a low electrical resistance with good Erdableitungsmöglichkeit.
  • Gemäß der Erfindung wird diese Aufgabe bei einem Fußbodenbelag der vorgenannten Gattung dadurch gelöst, daß auf der Unterseite der mit nach oben weisenden Noppen ausgestatteten Platte eine bodenseitige Wirrfaserschicht aus Natur- und/oder Chemiefasern angeordnet ist und daß über der mit Noppen ausgestatteten Platte eine belastungsausgleichende Platte liegt, die den in Latex o. dgl. verankerten Faserflor mit einer darunter angeordneten versteifenden Zwischenschicht aus Bitumen o. dgl. trägt. According to the invention, this object is achieved with a floor covering of the aforementioned type characterized in that a bottom layer of random fiber made of natural and / or chemical fibers is disposed on the underside of the equipped with upwardly facing burl plate, and that above the equipped with burl plate, a load balancing plate is carrying the moored in latex o. the like. fibrous web having an underlying reinforcing intermediate layer of bitumen o. the like..
  • Ein derartiger Fußbodenbelag zeigt unter Bildung vorteilhafter Kanäle für elektrische oder optische Kabel eine verhältnismäßig dünne und damit wenig Raum einnehmende Ausbildung, der einerseits widerstandsfähig bei höheren Belastungen ist und andererseits hohe Isolationswerte hat. Such a floor covering is to form advantageous channels for electrical or optical cables, a relatively thin and thus little room engaging formation which is on the one hand resistant at higher loads and on the other hand has high insulation values.
  • Ein solcher Fußbodenbelag dämpft insbesondere auch Erschütterungen, die einerseits von aufgestellten Maschinen o. dgl. ausgehen oder andererseits von außen an den Fußboden anlaufen können. Such a floor covering attenuates particular vibrations that originate on the one hand of installed machines o. The like., Or may start from the outside to the floor on the other hand.
  • Bei einer bevorzugten Ausführungsform haftet die bodenseitige Wirrfaserschicht an einer zunächst weichen, dann sich erhärtenden, in die Noppen eingefüllten Füllmasse, vorzugsweise aus Faserzement. In a preferred embodiment liable bodenseitige Wirrfaserschicht to an initially soft, then erhärtenden over the studded eingefüllten filling compound, preferably from Faserzement.
  • Gemäß eines weiteren Ausführungsbeispiels der Erfindung ist auf der Oberseite der Noppen die belastungsausgleichende Platte aus Metall o dgl. lösbar aufgeklebt, auf welcher der Faserflor o. dgl. mit seiner Schicht aus Latex o. dgl. aufgelegt ist. According to a further embodiment of the invention, the load balancing plate is made of metal or the like on top of the nubs. Releasably adhered on which the batt o. The like. Is placed with its layer of latex o. The like.. Unterseitig dieser Latexschicht ist eine festigkeitsverstärkende Schicht aus sich erhärtendem Bitumen o. dgl. gebildet. The underside of this latex layer is a strength-reinforcing layer off-hardening bitumen o. The like. Formed.
  • Bis auf die belastungsausgleichenden Platten und Teppichfliesen sind alle Schichten eines derartigen Fußbodenbelages so ausgebildet, daß sie aufgerollt transportiert und gelagert werden können. Except for the belastungsausgleichenden plates and Teppichfliesen all layers of such Fußbodenbelages designed so that they aufgerollt transported and stored can.
  • Die bodenseitige Wirrfaserschicht ist vliesförmig und elastisch und kann aus Chemiefasern wie Polyester, Polypropylen, Polyacryl o. dgl. bestehen. The bottom layer of random fiber is fleece-shaped and resilient and may be made of chemical fibers such as polyester, polypropylene, polyacryl o. The like. Exist.
  • Weitere Merkmale ergeben sich aus den Unteransprüchen. Further characteristics are evident from the dependent claims.
  • Der Schutz erstreckt sich nicht nur auf die Einzelmerkmale, sondern auch auf deren Kombination. The protection extends not only to the individual features, but also on their combination.
  • Auf der Zeichnung sind Ausführungsbeispiele des Fußbodenbelages dargestellt. In the drawing embodiments of the floor covering are shown. Es zeigen: Show it:
    • Fig. 1 einen Querschnitt durch einen Fußbodenbelag mit zwischen Noppen verlaufenden Kabelkanälen mit beidseitigen Abdeckschichten, Fig. 1 shows a cross section through a floor covering with extending between studs cable channels with two-sided cover layers,
    • Fig. 2 eine abgeänderte Ausführung mit zusätzlich zwischengeschalteter Wirrfaserschicht. Fig. 2 shows a modified embodiment with an additional intermediary layer of random fiber.
  • Mit (10) ist eine Platte aus einer Gewirke- oder Gewebebahn (mit Maschen) bezeichnet, deren nach oben vorstehende, im Tiefziehverfahren hergestellte Noppen (11) konisch ausgebildet sind und die bodenseitig auf einer Auflage- bzw. Haftfläche aus Wirrfasern (12) aufliegt und nach oben eine Metallplatte (13) mit unterseitigem Haftkleber haftend aber lösbar trägt. With (10) a plate of a knits or tissue web is denoted (with mesh), whose upwardly projecting, produced by deep-drawing knobs (11) are conical and the bottom side on a supporting or adhesive area made of random fibers (12) rests and upwardly a metal plate (13) but bears with the underside This pressure-sensitive adhesive adhered detachably.
  • Die Noppen (11) haben eine Höhe von ca. 15 mm bodenseitig und ihr Durchmesser beträgt untenseitig ca. 10 - 24 mm und obenseitig ca. 8 - 12 mm. The studs (11) have a height of about 15 mm on the bottom side and its diameter is the lower side about 10-24 mm and above each other about 8-12 mm. Bei dieser mit Noppen (11) ausgeprägten Platte (10) hat das Gewebe oder Gewirke eine Dicke von 0,6 - 1,2 mm. In this with knobs (11) distinct plate (10) the woven or knitted fabric has a thickness from 0.6 to 1.2 mm. Die Weite der Maschen beträgt zwischen 0,8 - 1,2 mm. The width of the mesh is between 0.8 to 1.2 mm. Die Fäden dieser Gewirke, Gewebe können mit Carbonfäden oder Metallfäden gesponnen sein, die neben ihrer elektrischen Leitfähigkeit auch zur Erhöhung der Festigkeit beitragen. The threads of this knitted fabric can use Carbonfäden or Metallfäden spun be, in addition to their electrical conductivity and to increase the strength to contribute.
  • Die Metallplatte (13) kann aus Stahlblech o. dgl. wie aluminiumplattierter oder verzinkter Stahlplatte bestehen. The metal plate (13) made of steel sheet o. The like. Exist such as aluminum-plated or zinc-plated steel plate. Sie kann als Leichtmetallplatte wie Aluminiumplatte oder auch als faserverstärkte Kunststoffplatte ausgebildet sein. It can be configured as a light metal plate such as aluminum plate or as a fiber reinforced plastic plate. Sie hat eine Dicke von ca. 1 - 1,3 mm. It has a thickness of about 1 to 1.3 mm. Auf dieser Metallplatte (13) liegt die elastische Laufschicht, die untenseitig eine sich erhärtende Bitumenschicht (14) hat und dann darüber eine Latexschicht (15), in welcher der oben außenseitige Faserflor (16) in bekannter Weise eingebettet ist. On this metal plate (13), the resilient top layer, the bottom side has a to hardening bitumen layer (14) and then above a latex layer (15) in which the above outer side batt (16) is embedded in a known manner. Die drei Schichten (14, 15, 16) der Laufschicht sind unlösbar miteinander bereits herstellungsmäßig verbunden. The three layers (14, 15, 16) of the running layer are permanently already production coupled with each other.
  • Die Noppen (11) sind gefüllt mit einem mit Fasern durchsetzten Zement (Beton) (17), der zunächst weich eingefüllt ist und dann erhärtet. The studs (11) are filled with a interspersed with fibers cement (concrete) (17), which is first filled with soft and then hardened. Dabei faßt vorzugsweise diese Füllmasse (17) in die Maschenöffnungen der Noppen (11) verstärkend ein. Preferably this filling compound (17) summarizes a reinforcing in the mesh openings of the nubs (11).
  • Auf die zunächst weiche freie Fläche des faserverstärkten Zements (17) ist ein Wirrfaservlies (12) als Auflageschicht eingedrückt, das bei Erhärtung des Zements an dessen breiter Fläche unverschiebbar anhaftet. In the first soft free surface of the fiber reinforced cement (17) is pressed in a non-woven fabric (12) as a support layer, the non-displaceable adhered to its broad surface in hardening of the cement.
  • Diese Wirrfaserschicht (12) besteht ebenfalls aus Chemiefasern oder Naturfasern und kann eine Dicke von 0,2 - 3 mm, vorzugsweise 0,5 - 2 mm, aufweisen; This random fiber layer (12) also consists of synthetic fibers or natural fibers and may have a thickness of 0.2 - 3 mm, preferably 0.5 - having 2 mm; sie wiegt zwischen 40 und 200 g/m². it weighs between 40 and 200 g / m².
  • Diese Wirrfaserschicht (12) deckt einerseits die nach unten unbedeckten Flächen des Faserzementes (17) ab, welche den Noppen (11) eine hohe Druckfestigkeit verleiht. This random fiber layer (12) on the one hand covers the uncovered down surfaces of the fiber cement (17) which imparts a high compressive strength the nubs (11).
  • Bei dem in Fig. 2 dargestellten Ausführungsbeispiel ist zusätzlich zwischen der Stirnseite der Noppen (11) und der Platte (13) eine Wirrfaserschicht (18) eingeschaltet, welche zusätzlich der Schalldämmung dient. In the illustrated in Fig. 2 embodiment is switched on in addition between the front side of the nubs (11) and the plate (13) has a random fiber layer (18) which provides additional sound insulation.
  • Ein erfindungsmäßiger Fußbodenbelag ist gemäß ASTM 648 E oder DIN 4102 schwer entflammbar ausgebildet. A erfindungsmäßiger Fußbodenbelag according to ASTM 648 E or DIN 4102 flame retardant trained.
  • Die in den Noppen (11) weich eingefüllten und sich erhärtenden Faserzementblöckchen (17) durchdringen die Maschenöffnungen der Noppen (11). In the nubs (11) soft filled and hardening Faserzementblöckchen (17) penetrate the mesh openings of the nubs (11).
  • Die Fäden des Gewirkes (oder Gewebes) sind vorzugsweise mit einem sich erhärtenden Kunststoff beschichtet oder imprägniert. The threads of the fabric (or fabric) are preferably coated with a to-hardening plastic or impregnated.
    Ausführungsbeispiel. Embodiment.
    Fig. 2 Fig. 2
    Höhe der Noppen Height of the knobs 15 mm 15 mm
    Durchmesser der Noppen Diameter of the knobs 10 mm oben 10 mm above
    21 mm unten 21 mm below
    Dicke des Gewirkes Thickness of the knitted fabric 1,05 mm 1.05 mm
    Weite der Maschen Width of the meshes 1,1 mm 1.1 mm
    Dicke der Metallplatte Thickness of the metal plate 1,3 mm 1.3 mm
    Dicke der mittleren Wirrfaserschicht Thickness of the middle Wirrfaserschicht 2,0 mm 2.0 mm
    Dicke der unteren Wirrfaserschicht (ohne Laufschicht, dh ohne Bitumenschicht, ohne Latexschicht mit oberem Faserflor) Thickness of the lower Wirrfaserschicht (without Laufschicht, ie without Bitumenschicht without Latexschicht with upper batt) 0,2 mm 0.2 mm

Claims (17)

  1. 1. Fußbodenbelag mit einem in einer Latexschicht o. dgl. verankerten Faserflor o. dgl. als obere Laufschicht und mit einer weicheren Unterschicht, bei dem eine untere, mit Noppen aus einer Gewirke- oder Gewebebahn gebildete Platte vorgesehen ist, deren Noppen in Reihen mit Abstand voneinander unter Bildung von Kabelkanälen einseitig vorstehen, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß auf der Unterseite der mit nach oben weisenden Noppen ausgestatteten Platte eine bodenseitige Wirrfaserschicht aus Natur- oder Chemiefasern angeordnet ist, und daß über der mit Noppen ausgestatteten Platte eine belastungsausgleichende Platte liegt, die den in Latex o. dgl. verankerten Faserflor o. dgl. mit einer darunter angeordneten versteifenden Zwischenschicht aus Bitumen o. dgl. trägt. 1. Floor covering with an anchored in a latex layer or. The like. Batt o. The like. As the upper friction layer and a softer lower layer, wherein a lower, formed with knobs from a knits or woven web plate is provided with a stud in series with distance on one side protrude from each other to form cable ducts, characterized in that a bottom layer of random fiber made of natural or chemical fibers is disposed on the underside of the equipped with upwardly facing burl plate, and that above the equipped with burl plate a load compensating plate is that the anchored in latex o. the like. batt o. the like. with an underlying reinforcing intermediate layer of bitumen o. the like. wears.
  2. 2. Fußbodenbelag nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die mit nach oben weisenden Noppen (11) ausgestattete Platte aus spritzgußfähigem Werkstoff wie PVC, Polyurethan, Polyamid, Polypropylen, einem Kunstharz, Hartgummi o. dgl. gebildet ist. 2. Floor covering according to claim 1, characterized in that the with upwardly directed nubs (11) is equipped plate spritzgußfähigem material formed such as PVC, polyurethane, polyamide, polypropylene, a synthetic resin, hard rubber or. The like..
  3. 3. Fußbodenbelag nach Anspruch 1 und 2, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die bodenseitige Wirrfaserschicht (12) an einer zunächst weichen, dann sich erhärtenden, in die Noppen (11) eingefüllten Füllmasse (17) haftet. 3. Floor covering according to claim 1 and 2, characterized in that the bottom layer of random fiber (12) initially soft at one, then hardening, in the nubs (11) adheres the charged filling material (17).
  4. 4. Fußbodenbelag nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 3, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die bodenseitige Wirrfaserschicht (12) eine Dicke von 0,2 - 3 mm, vorzugsweise 0,5 - 2 mm, aufweist. 4. Floor covering according to one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the bottom layer of random fiber (12) has a thickness of 0.2 - has 2 mm - 3 mm, preferably 0.5.
  5. 5. Fußbodenbelag nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 4, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Füllmasse (17) der Noppen (11) aus einem faserverstärkten Zement besteht. 5. Floor covering according to one of claims 1 to 4, characterized in that the filling compound (17) of the nubs (11) consists of a fiber-reinforced cement.
  6. 6. Fußbodenbelag nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 5, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Füllmasse (17) in die Maschenöffnungen der Noppen (11) verstärkend einfaßt. 6. Floor covering according to one of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that the filling compound (17) in the mesh openings of the nubs (11) bordering reinforcing.
  7. 7. Fußbodenbelag nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 6, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Platte (13) als Stahlplatte, aluminiumplattierte Stahlplatte, verzinkte Stahlplatte oder Aluminiumplatte, faserverstärkte Kunststoffplatte o. dgl. ausgebildet ist. 7. Floor covering according to one of claims 1 to 6, characterized in that the plate (13) as steel plate, aluminum-plated steel plate, galvanized steel plate or aluminum plate, fiber reinforced plastic plate or. The like. Is formed.
  8. 8. Fußbodenbelag nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 7, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Platte (13) eine Dicke zwischen 0,5 und 2 mm, vorzugsweise 1 - 1,3 mm, hat. 8. Floor covering according to one of claims 1 to 7, characterized in that the plate (13) has a thickness between 0.5 and 2 mm, preferably 1 - has 1.3 mm.
  9. 9. Fußbodenbelag nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 8, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß auf der Unterseite der Platte (13) eine schalldämmende Schicht wie Wirrfaserschicht (18) oder eine Schicht Latexschaum o. dgl. und eine dauerelastische Kleberschicht aufgetragen ist. 9. Floor covering according to one of claims 1 to 8, characterized in that on the underside of the plate (13) has a sound-insulating layer, such as random fiber layer (18) or a layer of latex foam o. The like., And a permanently elastic adhesive layer is applied.
  10. 10. Fußbodenbelag nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 9, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die übereinanderliegenden belastungsausgleichenden Platten (13) und die Faserflorfliesen (15, 16) unterschiedliche Abmessungen aufweisen, wobei die Platten und Fliesen sich wechselseitig überlappen. 10. Fußbodenbelag according to one of claims 1 to 9, characterized in that the übereinanderliegenden belastungsausgleichenden plates (13) and the Faserflorfliesen (15, 16) have different dimensions, said the plates and tiles to wechselseitig überlappen.
  11. 11. Fußbodenbelag nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 10, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß auf der Unterseite der Latexschicht (15) eine sich erhärtende Bitumenschicht (14) o. dgl. haftet. 11. Floor covering according to one of claims 1 to 10, characterized in that on the underside of the latex layer (15) has a hardening bitumen layer (14) o. The like. Adheres.
  12. 12. Fußbodenbelag nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 11, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die bodenseitige Wirrfaserschicht (12) aus antistatischen Chemiefasern gebildet ist. 12. Floor covering according to one of claims 1 to 11, characterized in that the bottom layer of random fiber (12) is formed from anti-static chemical fibers.
  13. 13. Fußbodenbelag nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 12, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Noppen (11) eine Höhe von 8 - 22 mm, vorzugsweise 12 - 17 mm, vorzugsweise 15 mm, aufweisen. 13. Floor covering according to one of claims 1 to 12, characterized in that the nubs (11) have a height of 8 - have 17 mm, preferably 15 mm - 22 mm, preferably 12th
  14. 14. Fußbodenbelag nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 13, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß die Fäden des Gewirkes mit einem sich erhärtenden Kunststoff beschichtet oder imprägniert sind. 14. Floor covering according to one of claims 1 to 13, characterized in that the threads of the fabric are coated with a to-hardening plastic or impregnated.
  15. 15. Fußbodenbelag nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 14, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß auf der oberen Stirnfläche der Noppen eine Schicht (18) aus Wirrfasern aufgeklebt ist. 15. Floor covering according to one of claims 1 to 14, characterized in that on the upper end face of the studs, a layer (18) is glued from random fibers.
  16. 16. Fußbodenbelag nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 15, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Fußbodenbelag insgesamt eine Dicke von 15 - 30 mm, vorzugsweise 20 - 25 mm, aufweist. 16. Floor covering according to one of claims 1 to 15, characterized in that the floor covering is a total of a thickness of 15 - having 25 mm - 30 mm, preferably twentieth
  17. 17. Fußbodenbelag nach einem der Ansprüche 1 bis 16, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß der Fußbodenbelag (gemäß ASTM 648 E) schwer entflammbar ausgebildet ist. 17. Floor covering according to one of claims 1 to 16, characterized in that the floor covering is formed flame retardant (according to ASTM 648 E). (B1) (B1)
EP19890109575 1988-06-01 1989-05-27 Floor covering Expired - Lifetime EP0352435B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE19888807177 DE8807177U1 (en) 1988-06-01 1988-06-01
DE8807177U 1988-06-01

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AT89109575T AT104713T (en) 1988-06-01 1989-05-27 Floor.

Publications (3)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0352435A2 true true EP0352435A2 (en) 1990-01-31
EP0352435A3 true EP0352435A3 (en) 1991-08-07
EP0352435B1 EP0352435B1 (en) 1994-04-20

Family

ID=6824628

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP19890109575 Expired - Lifetime EP0352435B1 (en) 1988-06-01 1989-05-27 Floor covering

Country Status (3)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0352435B1 (en)
JP (1) JPH02126810A (en)
DE (1) DE8807177U1 (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5499476A (en) * 1993-08-31 1996-03-19 Interface, Inc. Low profile raised panel flooring with metal support structure
USRE35369E (en) * 1989-02-03 1996-11-05 Guilford (Delaware) Inc. Flooring system especially designed for facilities which house data processing equipment
US5673522A (en) * 1994-03-25 1997-10-07 Guilford, Inc. Junction box forlow profile raised panel flooring
US5675950A (en) * 1994-03-25 1997-10-14 Guilford (Delaware), Inc. Metal support framework for low profile raised panel flooring
US5713168A (en) * 1994-03-25 1998-02-03 Guilford (Delaware), Inc. Junction box for low profile raised panel flooring
US5828001A (en) * 1995-02-15 1998-10-27 Guilford (Delaware), Inc. Plastic junction box with receptacle boxes
USRE39097E1 (en) 1994-03-25 2006-05-23 Guildford (Delaware), Inc. Metal support framework for low profile raised panel flooring

Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3924648A1 (en) * 1989-07-26 1991-01-31 Wolfgang Dietrich Di Machowetz Concrete floor with passageways - accommodates cables and pipes and uses panels with rows of conical depressions
FR2651010A1 (en) * 1989-08-16 1991-02-22 Siplast Sa Plate or slab soundproofing prefabricated its application as noise underlay for floor covering
DE4201710A1 (en) * 1991-09-27 1993-04-08 Ibotec Beschichtungen Gmbh Wall or floor panel with lattice truss bridge
JP5565565B2 (en) * 2010-03-04 2014-08-06 Jx日鉱日石エネルギー株式会社 Carbon fiber-reinforced plastic molded body
JP5565566B2 (en) * 2010-03-04 2014-08-06 Jx日鉱日石エネルギー株式会社 Carbon fiber-reinforced plastic molded body
DE102012203894A1 (en) * 2012-03-13 2013-09-19 Henkel Ag & Co. Kgaa Baubereichsbahn
DE202012102508U1 (en) * 2012-07-06 2013-10-08 Walter Gutjahr Thin-layer shim for disc-shaped floor covering elements

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3801765A1 (en) * 1988-01-22 1989-07-27 Hubertus C Starp Distanzkoerper
EP0218108B1 (en) * 1985-10-05 1992-03-04 Herforder Teppichfabrik Huchzermeyer &amp; Co. GmbH Floor covering

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0218108B1 (en) * 1985-10-05 1992-03-04 Herforder Teppichfabrik Huchzermeyer &amp; Co. GmbH Floor covering
DE3801765A1 (en) * 1988-01-22 1989-07-27 Hubertus C Starp Distanzkoerper

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
USRE35369E (en) * 1989-02-03 1996-11-05 Guilford (Delaware) Inc. Flooring system especially designed for facilities which house data processing equipment
US5499476A (en) * 1993-08-31 1996-03-19 Interface, Inc. Low profile raised panel flooring with metal support structure
US5673522A (en) * 1994-03-25 1997-10-07 Guilford, Inc. Junction box forlow profile raised panel flooring
US5675950A (en) * 1994-03-25 1997-10-14 Guilford (Delaware), Inc. Metal support framework for low profile raised panel flooring
US5713168A (en) * 1994-03-25 1998-02-03 Guilford (Delaware), Inc. Junction box for low profile raised panel flooring
USRE39097E1 (en) 1994-03-25 2006-05-23 Guildford (Delaware), Inc. Metal support framework for low profile raised panel flooring
US5828001A (en) * 1995-02-15 1998-10-27 Guilford (Delaware), Inc. Plastic junction box with receptacle boxes

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
JPH02126810A (en) 1990-05-15 application
EP0352435A3 (en) 1991-08-07 application
EP0352435B1 (en) 1994-04-20 grant
DE8807177U1 (en) 1989-06-22 grant

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