EP0314238B1 - Container with several compartments for a refuse lorry, and refuse lorry provided with such a container - Google Patents

Container with several compartments for a refuse lorry, and refuse lorry provided with such a container Download PDF

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Publication number
EP0314238B1
EP0314238B1 EP88202327A EP88202327A EP0314238B1 EP 0314238 B1 EP0314238 B1 EP 0314238B1 EP 88202327 A EP88202327 A EP 88202327A EP 88202327 A EP88202327 A EP 88202327A EP 0314238 B1 EP0314238 B1 EP 0314238B1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
container
refuse
loader
partition
compartments
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
EP88202327A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP0314238A1 (en
Inventor
Adrianus Barmentloo
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Geesink BV
Original Assignee
Geesink BV
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Family has litigation
Priority to NL8702545A priority Critical patent/NL8702545A/en
Priority to NL8702545 priority
Application filed by Geesink BV filed Critical Geesink BV
Publication of EP0314238A1 publication Critical patent/EP0314238A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP0314238B1 publication Critical patent/EP0314238B1/en
First worldwide family litigation filed litigation Critical https://patents.darts-ip.com/?family=19850816&utm_source=google_patent&utm_medium=platform_link&utm_campaign=public_patent_search&patent=EP0314238(B1) "Global patent litigation dataset” by Darts-ip is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F3/00Vehicles particularly adapted for collecting refuse
    • B65F3/001Vehicles particularly adapted for collecting refuse for segregated refuse collecting, e.g. vehicles with several compartments
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F2210/00Equipment of refuse receptacles
    • B65F2210/112Coding means to aid in recycling
    • B65F2210/1125Colors

Description

  • The present invention relates to an apparatus according to the pre-characterizing part of claim 1.
  • A refuse lorry carrying such an apparatus is known from FR-A 2 336 320.
  • In the known apparatus both the receiving container and the trough are divided into three compartments by means of two vertical partitions. The rear loader has two filling openings one above the other. Upright partitions in the rear loader are spaced at such a distance apart and from the side walls of the rear loader that the filling openings are in each case subdivided into three partial openings. In the like manner the refuse containers to be handled are sub-divided into three chambers by means of two partitions. The cross-sectional area of the openings of these chambers are adapted to the cross-sectional areas of the partial filling openings of the rear loader. When emptying the refuse containers, the containers are lifted and positioned coincident with the filling openings of the rear loader. The chambers of the refuse containers are brought into a position coincident with that of the partial openings.
  • The known apparatus has a number of disadvantages. Due to the vertical partitions in the receiving container and the difference in specific mass and supplied amounts of the different types of refuse the centre of gravity of the total load of the refuse lorry will be off centre, resulting in a uneven load on the chassis and a bad road-holding of the refuse lorry. With a specific sub-division of the filling opening of the rear loader into partial openings only, due to the fact that for emptying the refuse containers the chambers of the refuse containers must correspond in shape and position with the partial filling openings of the rear loader, only one type of refuse container can be handled. When other types of refuse containers are to be handled, the sub-division of the filling openings and also the position of the partitions in the rear loader must be changed. Moreover, the refuse collecting capacity is relatively low as it is almost impossible to handle two refuse containers simultaneously.
  • The object of the present invention is to provide an apparatus for collecting refuse which does not have these disadvantages.
  • This object is achieved with an apparatus of the above mentioned type which is characterized by the features of the characterizing part of claim 1.
  • With this apparatus a uniform loading of the refuse lorry container can be achieved, so that the stability of a lorry provided with an apparatus according to the invention is ensured. Furthermore, a great variety of refuse containers can be handled immediately after one another and/or simultaneously, thus rendering a very flexible system for collecting refuse with a great collecting capacity.
  • DE-A 3 537 546 shows a refuse lorry with an apparatus for collecting refuse comprising a refuse receiving container which is divided into several compartments lying above one another by means of horizontal partitions, and loading device mounted on the receiving container. The loading device is mounted at the side of the receiving container near the front end thereof. The loading device is designed for top loading of the receiving container.
  • Further expedient and practical embodiments of the apparatus according to the invention are claimed in dependent claims 2 to 6.
  • The invention also relates to a refuse lorry provided with an apparatus according to the invention, mounted on the chassis of the refuse lorry.
  • The invention will be explained in greater detail below by a description of an example of an embodiment, which reference to the drawing, in which:
    • Fig. 1 shows a schematic side view of a refuse lorry provided with a container according to the invention,
    • Fig. 2a-2d shows the principle and the different positions of a compacting mechanism used in the refuse lorry according to Fig. 1, and
    • Fig. 3 shows a refuse container on a container cradle of a loading device for the container according to the invention.
  • In the refuse lorry shown in Fig. 1 a container 2 is provided on the chassis 1. Said container is provided with one or more horizontal partitions 3, dividing the container into a number of comparments 4 and 5 lying above one another. The compartment 4 for the heaviest refuse (fruit, vegetable and garden refuse) is at the bottom of the container 2. The position of the horizontal partitions 3 can be adjusted depending on the specific weight of the various refuse materials. The refuse lorry shown in Fig. 1 has a container 2 which is divided by means of one horizontal partition 3 into two compartments 4 and 5. Each compartment 4, 5 is provided with a filling opening at the rear.
  • The container 2 is provided at the rear with a rear loader 6, having a filling opening 7 and a compacting mechanism 8, by means of which different types of refuse separated from each other, can be deposited each in one of the compartment 4, 5 of the container 2.
  • A pusher blade 9, 10, which can act as a counterpressure blade if necessary, is provided in each of the compartments 4, 5. After the rear loader 6 has been opened, refuse materials can be unloaded in- depedently of each other by means of the pusher blade 9, 10 in question.
  • The compacting mechanism 8 comprises a rotary vertical shaft 11, on which a packing blade 12, 13 is fixed for each compartment 4, 5. As can be seen from Fig. 2, a lever 14 is fixed on the top side of the rotary shaft 11.
  • The piston rods of two cylinders 17 and 18 are hingedly connected to the lever 14 at points 15 and 16 of said lever 14. The cylinders 17 and 18 are hingedly connected to the rear loader 6 at points 19 and 20. The arrangement of these cylinders 17 and 18 is such that (see Fig. 2a-2d):
    • - each packing blade 12, 13 can make a circular stroke covering 210 degrees (105 degrees to the left and 105 degrees to the right);
    • - the two cylinders 17, 18 are not at their dead centre simultaneously;
    • - the two cylinders 17, 18 can exert a pressure running up to the maximum over a range of 90 degrees towards both sides.
  • Each packing blade 12, 13 makes the same rotary movement and moves in a trough 21 which is in the shape of a semi-circular vertical cylinder whose vertical end edges connect to the container 2. This trough 21 is also divided by means of a number of horizontal partitions 22 (one partition 22 in the embodiment illustrated) into compartments 23 and 24, corresponding to the compartments 4 and 5 of the container 2. The compartments 23 and 24 of the trough 21 connect via slide plates 25, 26 to the filling opening 7 of the rear loader 6.
  • A loading device 27 is fixed on the rear loader 6. Two refuse containers 28 (so-called mini-containers) can be handled simultaneously and indepently of each other with this loading device.
  • The loading device 27 comprises two container cradles 29. With each container cradle 29 a refuse container 28 to be handled can first be lifted vertically along a guide frame which is not shown here, or via an arched track by lifting arms not shown here, by means of a known drive. The loading device 27 has also a tilting mechanism, not shown here, with which a lifted container cradle 29 with refuse container 28 can be tilted from the position indicated by 30 into the position indicated by 31 in Fig. 1 above the filling opening 7.
  • The loading device 27 shown here is designed for the handling of refuse containers 28 which are divided into compartments by means of a partition 32. The loading device is for that purpose provided with a dividing wall 33 against which the partition 32 of such a refuse container 28 rests when it is lifted to the top position by the container cradle 29. The dividing wall 33 is disposed in such a way that during the tilting movement of the container cradle 29 with refuse container 28 the dividing wall 33 remains in contact with the partition 32 of the refuse container 28 and tilts along with the refuse container 28. At the end of the tilting movement the dividing wall 33 connects to the slide plate 26. In this way the refuse which is separate in the container 28 will also go separately into the two compartments 23 and 24 of the rear loader 6, and will go from there through the appropriate packing blade 12, 13 into the appropriate compartment 4, 5 of the container 2.
  • In the embodiment shown the dividing wall 33 is transverse to the lengthwise direction of the container 2. It is, however, also possible to turn the dividing wall 90 degrees, so that it ends up in the lengthwise direction of the container. The slide plates in the rear loader will have to be adapted accordingly. This modified embodiment of a loading device is suitable for handling refuse containers in which the partition is turned 90 degrees relative to the partition 32 in the refuse containers 28 shown in Fig. 1.
  • It is also possible to use a loading device with which two ordinary refuse containers without compartment division can be handled. A refuse container with refuse A is then handled with the one container cradle and a refuse container with refuse B with the other container cradle. Each container cradle connects to its own compartment in the rear loader and the container 2. Alternatively, the use of, for example, an optical indicator operating on colour offers the possibility of emptying green containers with heavy fruit, vegetable and garden refuse automatically into the bottom compartment and grey containers with lighter refuse automatically into the top compartment. Both the green and the grey containers can thus be handled by both container cradles. When refuse containers without a compartment division are used refuse containers with different types of refuse are emptied on different levels.
  • Each container cradle 29 can be provided with known pick up elements 35 which can grasp under the downward flanged top rim of a refuse container 28 (Fig. 3). Each container cradle 29 can also be provided with a vacuum operated suction cup 36, with which the refuse container 28 is held during the tilting movement. Such a suction cup has the advantage that catch arms catching the refuse container during the last part of the tilting movement are not necessary. When refuse containers without a compartiment division are used, said refuse containers being emptied on different levels, the application of catch arm would entail great technical difficulties. Another advantage of the application of a vacuum operated suction cup is that the use of a much more complicated locking mechanism normally associated with pick up elements of the type shown in Fig. 3 is no longer necessary. Fur such a locking mechanism each container cradle must be provided with a movable hook construction and an steel angle section must be fitted on each refuse container. These angle sections have the disadvantage that stacking of empty refuse containers is made impossible, so that transportation costs will raise disproportionately. Fitting the angle sections afterwards will entail additional costs.
  • The movements of the pusher blades 9 and 10, the compacting mechanism 8, the rear loader 6 and the loading device 27 are carried out by means of a hydraulic system via cylinders.
  • A chamber 34 is available at the bottom of the rear loader for collection of chemical waste such as oil, paint, and large and small batteries.
  • A refuse lorry with a container of the above-described type according to the invention has the following advantages:
    • - The system permits uniform loading, so that the stability of the vehicle is ensured.
    • - The loading device is not at the side, but solely at the rear of the body, which is safe for the loaders, and there is no problem with obstacles at the side of the street and on the pavement.
    • - It is possible to use different systems for the collection of refuse, namely with refuse containers which are divided into compartments, and with refuse containers which are not divided into compartments.
    • - It is possible to use two container cradles operating independently of each other, which doubles the collection capacity.
    • - As regards the pusher blade and the compacting mechanism, use is made of known systems which have been tested in practice, and which have a new application here.
    • - Separation of the refuse remains ensured, both during loading and during unloading. There is a possibility for taking away chemical waste.

Claims (7)

1. Apparatus for collecting refuse comprising a receiving container (2) which can be mounted on a refuse lorry and which is divided by means of at least one partition (3) into compartments (4, 5), each compartment being provided on the rear with a filling opening, a rear loader (6) mounted on the rear of the receiving container, the rear loader being provided with a filling opening (7) on the rear and having a trough (21) divided by means of at least one partition (22) into compartments (23, 24) corresponding to the compartments (4, 5) of the receiving container (2) and connecting to the filling opening (7) of the rear loader, and a loading device (27) mounted on the rear of the rear loader for handling refuse containers (28), characterized in that the at least one partition (3 and 22 respectively) in both the receiving container (2) and the rear loader (6) is horizontal thus dividing the receiving container and the trough of the rear loader into compartments (4, 5 and 23, 24 respectively) lying above one another, a slide plate (25, 26) extending from the bottom of each compartment (23, 24) of the trough (21) to the filling opening (7) of the rear loader, this filling opening (7) extending substantially over the entire width of the rear loader, that the loading device (27) is designed for handling different types of refuse containers (28) with different sizes and with or without a partition and comprises at least one container cradle (29) for lifting a refuse container and a tilting mechanism for tilting the lifted container cradle with refuse container, and that means are provided for positioning the at least one container cradle (29) with a refuse container (28) relative to the filling opening (7) of the rear loader such that when a refuse container with a partition (32) is handled, at the end of the tilting movement of the container cradle with refuse container, this partition (32) connects via a slide plate (26) to the at least one partition (22) of the trough (21) of the rear loader (7), the refuse from different compartments of that refuse container thus being guided to different compartments (23, 24) of the trough of the rear loader, and when a refuse container without a partition is handled, at the end of the tilting movement of the container cradle with refuse container, the opening of the refuse container is positioned above or below the at least one slide plate (26), the refuse from that refuse container thus being guided to only one (23 or 24) of the compartments of the trough of the rear loader.
2. Apparatus according to Claim 1, characterized in that the loading device (27) comprises two container cradles (29) and is designed so as to be able to handle two refuse containers (28) simultaneously and independently.
3. Apparatus according to Claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the loading device (27) is provided with detection means for detecting the type of refuse container (28).
4. Apparatus according to any one of Claims 1 to 3, characterized in that each container cradle (29) is provided with pick up elements (35) and a vacuum operated suction cup (36) with which a refuse container (28) on the container cradle is held during the tilting movement.
5. Apparatus according to any one of Claims 1 to 4, characterized in that the trough (21) is in the shape of a semi-circular vertical cylinder whose vertical end edges connect to the lorry container (2), and the compacting mechanism (8) comprises at least a rotary vertical shaft (11) on which a packing blade (12, 13) for each compartment (4, 5) is fixed in such a way that each packing blade (12, 13) can make the same rotary movement.
6. Apparatus according to any one of Claims 1 to 5, characterized in that the rear loader (6) is provided with a chamber (34) for taking chemical waste.
7. Refuse lorry provided with an apparatus according to one or more of Claims 1 to 6, mounted on the chassis (1) of the refuse lorry.
EP88202327A 1987-10-26 1988-10-18 Container with several compartments for a refuse lorry, and refuse lorry provided with such a container Expired - Lifetime EP0314238B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
NL8702545A NL8702545A (en) 1987-10-26 1987-10-26 Loader with multiple compartments for a waste truck, and waste truck fitted with such a loader.
NL8702545 1987-10-26

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AT88202327T AT57157T (en) 1987-10-26 1988-10-18 Multi-chamber container for waste vehicles and waste vehicle with these containers.

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0314238A1 EP0314238A1 (en) 1989-05-03
EP0314238B1 true EP0314238B1 (en) 1990-10-03

Family

ID=19850816

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP88202327A Expired - Lifetime EP0314238B1 (en) 1987-10-26 1988-10-18 Container with several compartments for a refuse lorry, and refuse lorry provided with such a container

Country Status (6)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0314238B1 (en)
AT (1) AT57157T (en)
DE (1) DE3860752D1 (en)
DK (1) DK166269C (en)
NL (1) NL8702545A (en)
NO (1) NO170070C (en)

Families Citing this family (25)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5288196A (en) * 1989-08-04 1994-02-22 Galion Holding Company Collecting, hauling and delivering apparatus and method
ES2049111T3 (en) * 1990-06-29 1994-04-01 Vc Recycling Patentverwertung Garbage collection and transportation system.
NL9002763A (en) * 1990-12-14 1992-07-01 Geesink Bv Device for separate collection of waste, a truck equipped with such a device.
WO1993001111A1 (en) * 1991-07-10 1993-01-21 Colin Joseph Hickey Collection vehicle for recyclable elements
CA2129629C (en) * 1992-02-10 2003-12-02 Firebelt Pty. Limited A side-loading refuse vehicle
US5879015A (en) 1992-02-10 1999-03-09 Ramsey; Michael P. Method and apparatus for receiving material
US5368436A (en) * 1992-08-17 1994-11-29 Freiburger; Gene Method for transporting waste material
AU5099893A (en) * 1992-09-04 1994-03-29 Heil Company, The Apparatus for packing separated recyclable materials
DE69425062T2 (en) * 1993-09-28 2001-03-22 Macdonald Johnston Eng GARBAGE VEHICLE
WO1995032135A1 (en) * 1994-05-19 1995-11-30 Multirec Patentverwertungs- Und Vertriebsgesellschaft Mbh Rubbish collection and transport system
EP0713833B1 (en) * 1994-11-23 2000-03-29 Kann Manufacturing Corporation Multi-compartmentalized dumping body with movable floor
US5716103A (en) * 1994-11-23 1998-02-10 Kann Manufacturing Corp. Multi-compartmentalized dumping body with segmented bulkhead
US5768972A (en) * 1995-01-19 1998-06-23 Mcneilus Truck And Manufacturing, Inc. Air logic system for side loader
EP0809594B1 (en) * 1995-02-15 2006-01-18 McNeilus Truck and Manufacturing, Inc. Multiple compartment body for waste materials
US6059511A (en) * 1995-03-07 2000-05-09 Toccoa Metal Technologies, Inc. Residential front loading refuse collection vehicle
FR2733214B1 (en) * 1995-04-19 1997-06-13 Flamme Environnement Vehicle for selective waste collection
ES2125706T3 (en) * 1995-04-19 1999-03-01 Flamme Environnement S A Device for selective collection of waste
US5584642A (en) * 1995-04-24 1996-12-17 Automated Refuse Equipment, Inc. Refuse collection vehicle and apparatus associated therewith
AU6646596A (en) * 1995-08-04 1997-03-05 Kann Manufacturing Corporation Channeling mechanism for multi-compartmentalized refuse collection vehicle body
US5823728A (en) * 1996-02-12 1998-10-20 Toccoa Metal Technologies, Inc. Segmented residential front loading refuse collection vehicle
US5833428A (en) * 1996-06-20 1998-11-10 Kann Manufacturing Corporation Refuse receptacle collection assembly
US5829944A (en) * 1996-06-20 1998-11-03 Kann Manufacturing Corporation Multi-side refuse receptacle collection assembly
US5868543A (en) * 1996-11-14 1999-02-09 Mcneilus Truck And Manufacturing, Inc. Drop floor split body charging hopper system having a dual linear packing system
AU5389100A (en) 1999-05-12 2000-12-05 Rolf Schiller Refuse collecting and transporting system
CN105501764A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-04-20 苏州曹搞搞汽车厢体有限公司 Household garbage transporting car compartment

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FR1352180A (en) * 1962-12-05 1964-05-15 Sita Advanced loading device for household refuse collection vehicles
DE2558433C3 (en) * 1975-12-23 1978-11-02 Dornier System Gmbh, 7990 Friedrichshafen
DE2558466C2 (en) * 1975-12-23 1984-06-07 Staedtereinigung Kg Edelhoff, 5860 Iserlohn, De
AT357106B (en) * 1978-04-17 1980-06-25 Mut Masch & Transport Vehicle for transporting bulk goods, especially muell
DE3537546C2 (en) * 1985-10-22 1988-03-31 Wolfgang Knierim Vertriebs-Gmbh, 3500 Kassel, De
DE3703557C2 (en) * 1987-02-06 1995-07-06 Otto Lift Systeme Gmbh Filling on a garbage truck

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
NL8702545A (en) 1989-05-16
NO884744L (en) 1989-04-27
NO170070B (en) 1992-06-01
NO170070C (en) 1992-09-09
DK166269B (en) 1993-03-29
DK166269C (en) 1993-08-16
AT57157T (en) 1990-10-15
DK595488A (en) 1989-04-27
NO884744D0 (en) 1988-10-25
DE3860752D1 (en) 1990-11-08
EP0314238A1 (en) 1989-05-03
DK595488D0 (en) 1988-10-26

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