EP0253948A2 - Solenoid-operated pilot valve with adjustable flow control - Google Patents

Solenoid-operated pilot valve with adjustable flow control Download PDF

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Publication number
EP0253948A2
EP0253948A2 EP87101408A EP87101408A EP0253948A2 EP 0253948 A2 EP0253948 A2 EP 0253948A2 EP 87101408 A EP87101408 A EP 87101408A EP 87101408 A EP87101408 A EP 87101408A EP 0253948 A2 EP0253948 A2 EP 0253948A2
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
valve
diaphragm
cap
solenoid
gear
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
EP87101408A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP0253948A3 (en
EP0253948B1 (en
Inventor
Myrl J. Saarem
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Garden America Corp
Original Assignee
Garden America Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US06/888,931 priority Critical patent/US4671485A/en
Priority to US888931 priority
Application filed by Garden America Corp filed Critical Garden America Corp
Publication of EP0253948A2 publication Critical patent/EP0253948A2/en
Publication of EP0253948A3 publication Critical patent/EP0253948A3/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP0253948B1 publication Critical patent/EP0253948B1/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K31/00Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices
    • F16K31/12Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices actuated by fluid
    • F16K31/36Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices actuated by fluid in which fluid from the circuit is constantly supplied to the fluid motor
    • F16K31/40Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices actuated by fluid in which fluid from the circuit is constantly supplied to the fluid motor with electrically-actuated member in the discharge of the motor
    • F16K31/402Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices actuated by fluid in which fluid from the circuit is constantly supplied to the fluid motor with electrically-actuated member in the discharge of the motor acting on a diaphragm
    • F16K31/404Actuating devices; Operating means; Releasing devices actuated by fluid in which fluid from the circuit is constantly supplied to the fluid motor with electrically-actuated member in the discharge of the motor acting on a diaphragm the discharge being effected through the diaphragm and being blockable by an electrically-actuated member making contact with the diaphragm

Abstract

A solenoid-operated pilot valve of the diaphragm type which includes an assembly for controlling the flow of liquid through the valve. The valve has particular although not exclusive utility for irrigation purposes. The valve includes a diaphragm chamber into which fluid is introduced to establish a fluid pressure which normally forces a diaphragm against an annular seat in the valve to assist a spring in maintaining the valve in a closed condition. A stationary bleed tube is provided which extends through the diaphragm into the diaphragm chamber. A solenoid is mounted on the cap of the valve, and the plunger of the solenoid normally closes off the upper end of the bleed tube. However, when the solenoid is energized, the plunger is withdrawn and the bleed tube opens and drains the diaphragm chamber sufficiently to reduce the pressure therein to a point at which the diaphragm is forced off its seat by upstream fluid pressure, and the valve is opened. A flow adjustment mechanism is mounted in the cap which includes an axially movable gear nut functioning as an adjustable stop for the diaphragm to control the flow of liquid through the valve.

Description

    BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
  • Solenoid-operated diaphragm valves for use in irrigation systems are known to the art. Valves of this general type are described, for example, in U.S. Patent No. 3,336,843 and in U.S. Patent No. 3,410,301. This type of valve includes a diaphragm which moves against or away from an annular seat within the valve to open or close the valve. The diaphragm is normally biased against the seat by a spring and by the fluid pressure in the chamber above the diaphragm acting against the diaphragm. When the valve is to be opened, the fluid pressure in the diaphragm chamber is relieyed by causing the fluid to pass out of the diaphragm chamber by a solenoid controlled pilot valve. An improved and simplified construction for such a valve is disclosed in U.S. Patent No. 4,505,450 which is assigned to the present Assignee.
  • However, the valve shown in Patent 4,505,450 does not include any means for throttling the flow of fluid through the valve when the valve is opened. The present invention overcomes this and other problems and includes a valve having a simple adjustable mechanism for controlling the fluid flow through the valve when the valve is opened.
  • SUMMARY OF INVENTION
  • The present device provides a valve which includes a body having an inlet and an outlet and an internal seat, a cap, and a diaphragm mounted in the valve between the body and the cap and in position to be biased against the seat to control the flow of fluid through the valve from the inlet to the outlet, said device comprising: an axially movable stop member for said diaphragm mounted on said cap, and adjustable means mounted on said cap and coupled to said stop member for setting the axial relationship of said stop member and said diaphragm.
  • BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
    • FIGURE 1 is a sectional view of a solenoid- controlled diaphragm valve which includes the flow control assembly of the invention;
    • FIGURE 2 is a bottom view of the cap of the valve of FIGURE 1, showing the flow control assembly; and
    • FIGURE 3 is a sectional view of the cap of FIGURE 2 taken essentially along the line 3-3 of FIGURE 2.
    DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE ILLUSTRATED EMBODIMENT
  • The valve assembly shown in FIGURE 1, like the valve assembly of U.S. Patent No. 4,505,450 includes a body 10 having an inlet and an outlet. A cap 12 is mounted on and sealed to body 10 by means of a nut 14. A bleed screw 16 is threaded into a bleed hole in cap 12. A diaphragm 18 is mounted in body 10, and it includes an integral annular sealing bead which is held between the cap and the body by nut 14. An annular divider 20 is also mounted in body 10 to provide a support for the diaphragm.
  • A bleed tube 22 is mounted in body 10 in press-fit with a vertical hollow support bracket 10a, the support bracket being integral with body 10. Support bracket 10a is also integral with a port 10b which is concentric with the outlet of body 10. Bleed tube 22 extends upwardly through a rigid diaphragm guide 28 into diaphragm chamber A in the upper portion of the valve. Diaphragm guide 28 slides up and down bleed tube 22 as the diaphragm moves. The annular space between bleed tube 22 and guide 28 provides a conduit for the restricted flow of fluid from the inlet of the valve into the diaphragm chamber A. A spring 30 engages the diaphragm guide 28, and the spring biases the diaphragm 18 to a closed position against an annular seat in body 10.
  • A solenoid 32 is threaded into cap 12, and plunger 32a of the solenoid normally bears against and closes the upper end of bleed tube 22. Plunger 32a has a rubber insert in order to seal the bleed tube when the solenoid is de-energized. The upper end of bleed tube 22 is appropriately formed to provide a smooth concentric sealing surface for the rubber insert.
  • When solenoid 32 is de-energized, the rubber insert of plunger 32a is biased against the upper end of bleed tube 22 and forms a seal with the bleed tube. This prevents fluid in diaphragm chamber A from exiting through the bleed tube. Thus, the valve remains closed by virtue of the pressure exerted on the upper surface of the diaphragm by the fluid in chamber A, and this pressure forces the diaphragm against the seat in body 10.
  • When the solenoid is energized, plunger 32a lifts off the end of bleed tube 22, and the fluid in chamber A is then allowed to flow through the bleed tube into the interior of hollow bracket 10a and out through the concentric port lOb. This reduces the pressure in chamber A sufficiently to permit diaphragm 18 to be lifted off its seat against the force of spring 30 by the fluid in the lower portion of the valve.
  • As the valve is lifted off its seat, the valve opens, and the flow of fluid through body 10 creates a fluid velocity around concentric port 10b at the outlet side of the valve. This creates a venturi action which draws more fluid through the port 10 and through bleed tube 22 from chamber A. This further reduces the pressure on the top side of diaphragm 18 and causes the diaphragm to move farther from its seat increasing the opening of the valve.
  • In accordance with the present invention, a flow control mechanism is provided in the cap 12 which serves to limit the displacement of the diaphragm by an adjustable amount for throttling the flow of fluid through the valve.
  • The flow control mechanism is best shown in FIGURES 2 and 3 and, as illustrated, the mechanism is mounted in cap 12, and it includes a flow adjustment gear 56 rotatably mounted in the cap and sealed by an O-ring 58 which bears against a washer 60. The flow adjustment gear 56 is turned, for example, by means of a screwdriver inserted through a slot in the cap 56a of the gear.
  • An idler gear 52 is also rotatably mounted in the cap, and it is engaged by gear 56, and serves to couple the gear 56 to a flow adjustment gear nut 50. As gear 56 is turned, the idler gear 52 causes the gear nut 50 to turn and as a result to move axially with respect to the cap. A cover 54 is provided for the gears 56 and 52, which is held in place on the cap by means of screws 57. Gear nut 50 is threaded into a bore in the cap 12 to provide the desired axial movement of the gear nut when it is turned. ,The end of the gear nut 50 forms a stop for guide 28 so as to restrict the displacement of diaphragm 18 when the valve is opened. The amount of the displacement may be adjusted by turning the flow adjustment gear 56,
  • Accordingly, the mechanism descxibed above provides a means for throttling the flow of fluid through the valve. The idler gear provides for right-hand rotation of the screwdriver to increase the throttling effect, which is desirable. As an alternative, the idler gear 52 may be eliminated, and left-hand threads may be used to provide a mechanism having the same throttling effect and which also permits right-hand rotation of the screwdriver to cause the valve to throttle, but which requires one less part.
  • The invention provides, therefore, a simple and economical diaphragm valve which incorporates an adjustable mechanism for controlling the fluid flow through the valve when the valve is open.
  • While a particular embodiment of the invention has been shown and described, modifications may be made, and it is intended in the claims to cover all modifications which come within the true spirit and scope of the invention.

Claims (6)

1. A device for use with a valve which includes a body having an inlet and an outlet and an internal seat, a cap, and a diaphragm mounted in the valve between the body and the cap and in position to be biased against the seat to control the flow of fluid through the valve from the inlet to the outlet, said device comprising:
an axially movable stop member for said diaphragm mounted on said cap, and adjustable means mounted on said cap and coupled to said stop member for setting the axial relationship of said stop member and said diaphragm.
2. The device as defined in Claim 1, in which said axially movable stop member comprises a gear nut threadably mounted in a bore in said cap member.
3. The device as defined in either of the preceding claims, in which said adjustable means includes a flow adjustment gear rotatably mounted in said cap and coupled to said gear nut, so that rotation of said flow adjustment gear produces axial movement of said gear nut.
4. The combination defined in Claim 3, in which said adjustment gear has a cap portion configured to receive an adjusting tool.
5. The combination defined in Claim 3 or 4, and which includes an idler gear coupling said flow adjustment gear to said gear nut.
6. The combination defined in Claim 3, 4 or 5, in which said flow adjustment gear is directly coupled to said gear nut.
EP19870101408 1986-07-24 1987-02-03 Solenoid-operated pilot valve with adjustable flow control Expired - Lifetime EP0253948B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US06/888,931 US4671485A (en) 1986-07-24 1986-07-24 Solenoid-operated pilot valve with adjustable flow control
US888931 1986-07-24

Publications (3)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0253948A2 true EP0253948A2 (en) 1988-01-27
EP0253948A3 EP0253948A3 (en) 1988-04-20
EP0253948B1 EP0253948B1 (en) 1990-10-17

Family

ID=25394189

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP19870101408 Expired - Lifetime EP0253948B1 (en) 1986-07-24 1987-02-03 Solenoid-operated pilot valve with adjustable flow control

Country Status (7)

Country Link
US (1) US4671485A (en)
EP (1) EP0253948B1 (en)
JP (1) JPS6330678A (en)
AU (1) AU588669B2 (en)
DE (1) DE3765591D1 (en)
ES (1) ES2004526A6 (en)
NZ (1) NZ219092A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1999022168A1 (en) * 1997-10-27 1999-05-06 Kohler Co. Latching solenoid valve

Families Citing this family (40)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3829566A1 (en) * 1988-08-31 1990-03-08 Fritz Mueller Piston drive
US4911401A (en) * 1989-05-15 1990-03-27 The Toro Company Valve having improved bleed assembly
US5031875A (en) * 1990-06-13 1991-07-16 The Toro Company Diaphragm seal
US5255703A (en) * 1992-07-08 1993-10-26 Johnson Dwight N Float operated fill valve
US5244179A (en) * 1992-08-21 1993-09-14 Sloan Valve Company Diaphragm stop for sensor-operated, battery-powered flush valve
US6394412B2 (en) * 1993-04-02 2002-05-28 Netafim (A.C.S.) Ltd. Controlled valve
US5360323A (en) * 1993-05-04 1994-11-01 Hsieh Ting Shin Aquarium air pump
US5431181A (en) * 1993-10-01 1995-07-11 Zurn Industries, Inc. Automatic valve assembly
US6047944A (en) * 1999-02-25 2000-04-11 Caterpillar Inc. Poppet with a flow increasing element for limiting movement thereof in a poppet valve
US7731154B2 (en) * 2002-12-04 2010-06-08 Parsons Natan E Passive sensors for automatic faucets and bathroom flushers
US7396000B2 (en) 2001-12-04 2008-07-08 Arichell Technologies Inc Passive sensors for automatic faucets and bathroom flushers
US20060006354A1 (en) * 2002-12-04 2006-01-12 Fatih Guler Optical sensors and algorithms for controlling automatic bathroom flushers and faucets
JP4656709B2 (en) * 2000-09-21 2011-03-23 カヤバ工業株式会社 Pressure control valve
US7921480B2 (en) 2001-11-20 2011-04-12 Parsons Natan E Passive sensors and control algorithms for faucets and bathroom flushers
US7232106B2 (en) * 2001-04-04 2007-06-19 Kah Jr Carl Tilted and stepped diaphragm for control valves
US7367541B2 (en) * 2001-12-21 2008-05-06 Technical Concepts, Llc Automatic flush valve actuation apparatus
US7124997B2 (en) * 2002-09-23 2006-10-24 Sloan Valve Company Flush valve assembly with flex tube
US7185876B2 (en) * 2002-10-12 2007-03-06 Technical Concepts, Llc Overrun braking system and method
DE10251167B4 (en) * 2002-10-31 2004-10-14 Danfoss A/S axial valve
US6749136B1 (en) * 2002-11-26 2004-06-15 Orbit Irrigation Products, Inc. Enhanced sprinkler valving apparatus and method
US9169626B2 (en) 2003-02-20 2015-10-27 Fatih Guler Automatic bathroom flushers
US20050184261A1 (en) * 2004-02-23 2005-08-25 Yuval Stern Diaphragm for pilot valve
US20050211608A1 (en) * 2004-03-29 2005-09-29 Rain Bird Corporation Pressure regulator and filter for irrigation systems
US7628910B2 (en) * 2004-03-29 2009-12-08 Rain Bird Corporation Pressure regulator and filter for irrigation systems
JP2006335874A (en) * 2005-06-02 2006-12-14 Kao Corp Plasticizer for biodegradable resin
US7475863B2 (en) * 2005-10-14 2009-01-13 Rain Bird Corporation Piston for reverse flow diaphragm valve
US7694934B2 (en) * 2006-08-04 2010-04-13 Rain Bird Corporation Diaphragm valve for irrigation systems
US9341281B2 (en) 2007-02-12 2016-05-17 Colt Irrigation Llc Fluid activated flow control apparatus
US8397745B2 (en) 2007-02-12 2013-03-19 Colt Irrigation, LLC Fluid activated flow control apparatus
US8505566B2 (en) * 2007-10-17 2013-08-13 The Toro Company Valve glue diverter
US8857729B2 (en) 2011-04-20 2014-10-14 National Diversified Sales, Inc. Sprinkler canister seal
WO2013006707A1 (en) * 2011-07-05 2013-01-10 Rain Bird Corporation Diaphragm valve and methods and accessories therefor
US8740177B2 (en) 2011-07-05 2014-06-03 Rain Bird Corporation Eccentric diaphragm valve
CN102588657A (en) * 2012-02-24 2012-07-18 新疆惠利灌溉科技有限公司 Automatic-blockage-eliminating electromagnetic valve
DE102012221043A1 (en) 2012-11-19 2014-05-22 Hansgrohe Se sanitary valve
DE102012221051A1 (en) 2012-11-19 2014-05-22 Hansgrohe Se Valve device for a sanitary valve
US9539674B2 (en) 2013-11-22 2017-01-10 Rain Bird Corporation Clog resistant valve port and methods relating to same
US10571937B1 (en) 2014-01-23 2020-02-25 Colt Irrigation, LLC Valve control apparatus
US9599286B2 (en) 2014-01-23 2017-03-21 Colt Irrigation, LLC Fluid activated flow control apparatus
US10088849B2 (en) 2014-01-23 2018-10-02 Colt Irrigation, LLC Fluid activated flow control apparatus

Citations (6)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2765143A (en) * 1951-08-14 1956-10-02 Clarence A Best Valve
US3275033A (en) * 1963-04-03 1966-09-27 American Radiator & Standard Adjustable liquid metering means for shut-off valves
US3336843A (en) * 1966-04-11 1967-08-22 Griswold Controls Diaphragm actuator construction
US3410301A (en) * 1966-09-22 1968-11-12 Richdel Solenoid or timer operated pilot valve for main valve control
US4180236A (en) * 1976-05-24 1979-12-25 Richdel, Inc. Normally-open valve assembly with solenoid-operated pilot
US4505450A (en) * 1977-07-13 1985-03-19 Richdel, Inc. Solenoid-operated pilot-actuated valve

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US4135696A (en) * 1976-11-01 1979-01-23 Richdel, Inc. Pilot operated diaphragm valve

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2765143A (en) * 1951-08-14 1956-10-02 Clarence A Best Valve
US3275033A (en) * 1963-04-03 1966-09-27 American Radiator & Standard Adjustable liquid metering means for shut-off valves
US3336843A (en) * 1966-04-11 1967-08-22 Griswold Controls Diaphragm actuator construction
US3410301A (en) * 1966-09-22 1968-11-12 Richdel Solenoid or timer operated pilot valve for main valve control
US4180236A (en) * 1976-05-24 1979-12-25 Richdel, Inc. Normally-open valve assembly with solenoid-operated pilot
US4505450A (en) * 1977-07-13 1985-03-19 Richdel, Inc. Solenoid-operated pilot-actuated valve

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1999022168A1 (en) * 1997-10-27 1999-05-06 Kohler Co. Latching solenoid valve

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
ES2004526A6 (en) 1989-01-16
US4671485A (en) 1987-06-09
EP0253948A3 (en) 1988-04-20
AU588669B2 (en) 1989-09-21
NZ219092A (en) 1988-10-28
EP0253948B1 (en) 1990-10-17
JPS6330678A (en) 1988-02-09
DE3765591D1 (en) 1990-11-22
AU6905887A (en) 1988-01-28

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