EP0230153A1 - A low-frequency therapeutic device for iontophoresing cation and anion - Google Patents

A low-frequency therapeutic device for iontophoresing cation and anion

Info

Publication number
EP0230153A1
EP0230153A1 EP19860310230 EP86310230A EP0230153A1 EP 0230153 A1 EP0230153 A1 EP 0230153A1 EP 19860310230 EP19860310230 EP 19860310230 EP 86310230 A EP86310230 A EP 86310230A EP 0230153 A1 EP0230153 A1 EP 0230153A1
Authority
EP
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
low
frequency
device
therapeutic
switch
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
EP19860310230
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP0230153B1 (en )
Inventor
Kazumi Masaki
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
HAYASHIBARA KEN
Original Assignee
HAYASHIBARA KEN
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61NELECTROTHERAPY; MAGNETOTHERAPY; RADIATION THERAPY; ULTRASOUND THERAPY
    • A61N1/00Electrotherapy; Circuits therefor
    • A61N1/18Applying electric currents by contact electrodes
    • A61N1/32Applying electric currents by contact electrodes alternating or intermittent currents
    • A61N1/325Applying electric currents by contact electrodes alternating or intermittent currents for iontophoresis, i.e. transfer of media in ionic state by an electromotoric force into the body

Abstract

A low-frequency therapeutic device for iontophoresing cation and anion comprises a low-frequency generator (A) and a switch (Si-S3), e.g. a rotary switch, to select the polarity of the low-frequency voltage. The switch (S1) is operable in association with the on/off operation of a power source (B), and an active electrode (E, F) is connected by way of the switch (S1-S3 to the output of the low-frequency generator (A).
The device is to be used to improve the efficacy of the iontophoresis of a liquid medicine including cationic and anionic el- elemts.

Description

  • [0001]
    The present invention relates to a low-frequency therapeutic device for iontophoresing the cationic and anionic elements of an ionic medicament.
  • [0002]
    Iontophoresis of a liquid medicine may dramatically increase its efficacy. When the medicine contains cationic and anionic elements, penetration of both elements may further augment the efficacy.
  • [0003]
    In the case of certain medicaments, for example, "NK 343 (6-[2- [(5-bromo-2-pyridyl) amino]vinyl]-1-ethyl-2-picolinium iodide)", an aminovinyl photosensitizing dye commercialized by Nippon Kankoh-Shikiso Kenkyusho Co., Ltd., Okayama, Japan, the therapeutic efficacy on growth and regeneration of hair is augmented to some extent by iontophoresis of the cationic element, but extremely by iontophoresis of both cationic and anionic elements.
  • [0004]
    However, conventional therapeutic devices cannot be used for this purpose because the circuit must be preselected in accordance with the polarity of the ionic element to be penetrated.
  • [0005]
    It is an object of the present invention to provide a low-frequency therapeutic device having a polarity selection function such that the whole of an ionized medicament can be adequately penetrated into the deeper part of the skin, regardless of the polarity of the elements of the medicament.
  • [0006]
    According to the present invention there is provided a low-frequency therapeutic device for iontophoresing cation and anion, comprising:
    • means for generating a low-frequency voltage; means for selecting the polarity of said low-frequency voltage, said selecting means being operable in association with the on/off operation of a power source; and active electrode means connected by way of said selecting means to the output of said generating means.
  • [0007]
    Embodiments of the present invention will hereinafter be described, by way of example, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
    • FIG. 1 shows the circuit of an embodiment of a therapeutic device of the invention and FIG. 2 illustrates its operation;
    • FIG. 3 shows the circuit of another embodiment of the device of the invention and FIG. 4 illustrates its operation; and
    • FIG. 5 shows the circuit of a still further embodiment of a therapeutic device of the invention and FIG 6 illustrates its operation.
  • [0008]
    Throughout the accompanying drawings, reference B is used to denote a battery; A is a low-frequency generator; E and F are active electrodes; S1 to S3 are rotary switches; and reference numerals 1 to 8 denote contacts or selection positions of a rotary switch.
  • [0009]
    In the circuit of the therapeutic device shown in FIG. 1, when a switch S1 is in its position 1, the circuit is off and no current is supplied to a low-frequency generator A. When the switch S1 is rotated to its position 2, as indicated by a broken line, the circuit is closed and the low-frequency generator A is connected to the supply.
  • [0010]
    In this case, switches S2 and S3 are also in their positions 2 because they are associated with the swtich Si. The low-frequency voltage from the plus terminal of the low-frequency generator A is applied to an active electrode E by way of contact 2 of the switch S2, whilst the low-frequency voltage from the minus terminal of the low-frequency generator A is applied to an active electrode F by way of contact 2 of the switch S3.
  • [0011]
    When the switch S1 is rotated to its position 3, the circuit is off. When the switch S1 is rotated further to its position 4, the circuit is closed and the battery is once again connected to the generator A. However, in this position, the current across active electrodes E and F is reversed in direction as compared to that when the rotary switches are in their position 2.
  • [0012]
    Thus, the positive and negative low-frequency voltages energize by turns active electrodes E and F whenever on/off operation of the power switch S1 is effected.
  • [0013]
    FIG. 2 illustrates the relationship between the contact positions of the rotary switches and the voltage supplied to the active electrodes E and F.
  • [0014]
    As is clear from this figure, since the polarity of the voltage at the active electrodes E and F can be switched in conjunction with the on/off operation of the power source, the whole of a medicament can be adequately penetrated, regardless of the polarity of the elements.
  • [0015]
    FIG. 3 shows the circuit of another embodiment of a therapeutic device of the invention, in which switches S1, S2 and S3 respectively have six selections and two of the three ON selections are electrically equivalent. This embodiment differs from the preceding embodiment in this respect. With this arrangement, the polarity of the voltage at the active electrodes E and F is not switched at the first or second on/off operation, but is changed at the third on/off operation. More particularly, the active electrodes E and F are energized with the positive and negative voltages at the selection ratio of 2:1.
  • [0016]
    In this way, the cationic and anionic elements in a liquid medicine can be equally penetrated into the deeper part of the skin even when the elements are different, for example, in skin-permeability.
  • [0017]
    FIG. 4 illustrates the relationship between the contact positions of the rotary switches in the circuit shown in FIG. 3 and the voltage supplied to the. active electrodes E and F.
  • [0018]
    FIG. 5 shows the circuit of a still further embodiment of a device of the invention, in which three out of four ON selections in switches S2 and 53 are electrically equivalent.
  • [0019]
    With this arrangement, the polarity of the voltage supplied to the active electrodes E and F is switchable at each fourth on operation of the power source. In this case, the selection ratio is 3:1, and this ratio can be used with advantage to cause penetration of the cationic and anionic elements in a liquid medicine where these elements differ substantially in ski n-permeability.
  • [0020]
    FIG. 6 illustrates the relationship between the contact positions of the rotary switch in the circuit shown in FIG. 5 and the voltage supplied to the active electrodes.
  • [0021]
    In the above embodiments the use of the selection ratios 1:1, 2:1 and 3:1 has been disclosed. However, the selection ratio can be chosen according to the type, skin-permeability and/or dosage of ionic elements. It is possible to enable the selection ratio to be freely selected by providing the therapeutic device with a suitable selection switch.
  • [0022]
    By equipping the rotary switch with a suitable reverse-rotation stopping means, the cationic and anionic elements of a medicament can be much more adequately penetrated.
  • [0023]
    As described above, the efficacy that is hardly achievable by iontophoresis of either ionic element is possible by causing penetration of the cationic and anionic elements using a device of the invention.
  • [0024]
    Since the duration of the positive or negative voltage can be automatically selected in accordance with the type and dosage of the medicament to be used, it is not necessary in a device of the invention to preset the duration by a complicated manual switching operation.

Claims (5)

1. A low-frequency therapeutic device for iontophoresing cation and anion, comprising:
means (A) for generating a low-frequency voltage; means (Sl to S3) u for selecting the polarity of said low-frequency voltage, said selecting means being operable in association with the on/off operation of a power source (B); and active electrode means (E,F) connected by way of said selecting means (Sl - S3) to the output of said generating means (A).
2. A therapeutic device as claimed in Claim 1, wherein said selecting means is a rotary switch (Sl-S3).
3. A therapeutic device as claimed in Claim 1 or 2, wherein one selection cycle consists of two selections and the output polarity is reversed on each on/off operation of the power source.
4. A therapeutic device as claimed in Claim 1 or 2, wherein one selection cycle consists of three selections and the output polarity is reversed on each third on/off operation of the power source.
5. A therapeutic device as claimed in Claim 1 or 2, wherein one selection cycle consists of four selections and the output polarity is reversed on each fourth on/off operation of the power source.
EP19860310230 1985-12-31 1986-12-31 A low-frequency therapeutic device for iontophoresing cation and anion Expired EP0230153B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP29853585A JPS62159661A (en) 1985-12-31 1985-12-31 Low frequency remedy device for introducing both positive and negative ions
JP298535/85 1985-12-31

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0230153A1 true true EP0230153A1 (en) 1987-07-29
EP0230153B1 EP0230153B1 (en) 1989-12-27

Family

ID=17860983

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP19860310230 Expired EP0230153B1 (en) 1985-12-31 1986-12-31 A low-frequency therapeutic device for iontophoresing cation and anion

Country Status (3)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0230153B1 (en)
JP (1) JPS62159661A (en)
DE (1) DE3667751D1 (en)

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0266083A1 (en) * 1986-10-11 1988-05-04 Hayashibara, Ken Switch for iontophoresing cation and anion
EP0483883A1 (en) * 1990-11-01 1992-05-06 Robert Tapper Iontophoretic treatment system
US5125894A (en) * 1990-03-30 1992-06-30 Alza Corporation Method and apparatus for controlled environment electrotransport
EP0529510A1 (en) * 1991-08-23 1993-03-03 Boehringer Ingelheim Kg Sintered transdermal iontophoresis application of active therapeutical agents
US5279543A (en) * 1988-01-29 1994-01-18 The Regents Of The University Of California Device for iontophoretic non-invasive sampling or delivery of substances
US5362307A (en) * 1989-01-24 1994-11-08 The Regents Of The University Of California Method for the iontophoretic non-invasive-determination of the in vivo concentration level of an inorganic or organic substance
US5771890A (en) * 1994-06-24 1998-06-30 Cygnus, Inc. Device and method for sampling of substances using alternating polarity
US6004309A (en) * 1990-03-30 1999-12-21 Alza Corporation Method and apparatus for controlled environment electrotransport
US6139537A (en) * 1990-11-01 2000-10-31 Tapper; Robert Iontophoretic treatment system
US6223076B1 (en) 1990-11-01 2001-04-24 Robert Tapper Sweat control system
US6235013B1 (en) 1990-11-01 2001-05-22 Robert Tapper Iontophoretic treatment system
US6238381B1 (en) 1990-11-01 2001-05-29 Robert Tapper Iontophoretic treatment system
US6575957B1 (en) 1990-11-01 2003-06-10 Robert Tapper Iontophoretic treatment system
US6582416B2 (en) 1990-11-01 2003-06-24 Robert Tapper Iontophoretic treatment system
US6600950B1 (en) 1990-11-01 2003-07-29 Robert Tapper Iontophoretic treatment system

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP4934405B2 (en) * 2006-11-02 2012-05-16 株式会社Jiu−Kidd Administration and apparatus iontophoretic

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2222844A1 (en) * 1972-05-10 1973-11-22 Hans-Joachim Prof D Hufschmidt Apparatus for the treatment of parts in the inner of a human or animal body with direct electric current
US4406658A (en) * 1981-03-06 1983-09-27 Medtronic, Inc. Iontophoretic device with reversible polarity
US4457748A (en) * 1982-01-11 1984-07-03 Medtronic, Inc. Non-invasive diagnosis method
WO1985003449A1 (en) * 1984-02-08 1985-08-15 Ben Dov Meir Bone growth stimulator
FR2563437A1 (en) * 1984-04-25 1985-10-31 Julliard Elizabeth Apparatus for promoting penetration and impregnation at depth, in particular of the skin, by cosmetic products

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS627866B2 (en) * 1982-01-18 1987-02-19 Hayashibara Takeshi

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2222844A1 (en) * 1972-05-10 1973-11-22 Hans-Joachim Prof D Hufschmidt Apparatus for the treatment of parts in the inner of a human or animal body with direct electric current
US4406658A (en) * 1981-03-06 1983-09-27 Medtronic, Inc. Iontophoretic device with reversible polarity
US4457748A (en) * 1982-01-11 1984-07-03 Medtronic, Inc. Non-invasive diagnosis method
WO1985003449A1 (en) * 1984-02-08 1985-08-15 Ben Dov Meir Bone growth stimulator
FR2563437A1 (en) * 1984-04-25 1985-10-31 Julliard Elizabeth Apparatus for promoting penetration and impregnation at depth, in particular of the skin, by cosmetic products

Cited By (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4792702A (en) * 1986-10-11 1988-12-20 Ken Hayashibara Switch for iontophoresing cation and anion
EP0266083A1 (en) * 1986-10-11 1988-05-04 Hayashibara, Ken Switch for iontophoresing cation and anion
US5279543A (en) * 1988-01-29 1994-01-18 The Regents Of The University Of California Device for iontophoretic non-invasive sampling or delivery of substances
US6542765B1 (en) 1988-01-29 2003-04-01 The Regent Of The University Of California Method for the iontophoretic non-invasive determination of the in vivo concentration level of an inorganic or organic substance
US5730714A (en) * 1988-01-29 1998-03-24 The Regents Of The University Of California Method for the iontophoretic non-invasive determination of the in vivo concentration level of glucose
US6714815B2 (en) 1988-01-29 2004-03-30 The Regents Of The University Of California Method for the iontophoretic non-invasive determination of the in vivo concentration level of an inorganic or organic substance
US5362307A (en) * 1989-01-24 1994-11-08 The Regents Of The University Of California Method for the iontophoretic non-invasive-determination of the in vivo concentration level of an inorganic or organic substance
US5125894A (en) * 1990-03-30 1992-06-30 Alza Corporation Method and apparatus for controlled environment electrotransport
US5443442A (en) * 1990-03-30 1995-08-22 Alza Corporation Method and apparatus for controlled environment electrotransport
US5591124A (en) * 1990-03-30 1997-01-07 Alza Corporation Method and apparatus for controlled environment electrotransport
US5622530A (en) * 1990-03-30 1997-04-22 Alza Corporation Method and apparatus for controlled environment electrotransport
US6289241B1 (en) 1990-03-30 2001-09-11 Alza Corporation Method and apparatus for controlled environment electrotransport
US6004309A (en) * 1990-03-30 1999-12-21 Alza Corporation Method and apparatus for controlled environment electrotransport
US6575957B1 (en) 1990-11-01 2003-06-10 Robert Tapper Iontophoretic treatment system
EP0776676A3 (en) * 1990-11-01 1998-04-15 Robert Tapper Ionophoretic treatment system
US6600950B1 (en) 1990-11-01 2003-07-29 Robert Tapper Iontophoretic treatment system
US6139537A (en) * 1990-11-01 2000-10-31 Tapper; Robert Iontophoretic treatment system
US6223076B1 (en) 1990-11-01 2001-04-24 Robert Tapper Sweat control system
US6235013B1 (en) 1990-11-01 2001-05-22 Robert Tapper Iontophoretic treatment system
US6238381B1 (en) 1990-11-01 2001-05-29 Robert Tapper Iontophoretic treatment system
US6582416B2 (en) 1990-11-01 2003-06-24 Robert Tapper Iontophoretic treatment system
EP0483883A1 (en) * 1990-11-01 1992-05-06 Robert Tapper Iontophoretic treatment system
WO1993003788A1 (en) * 1991-08-23 1993-03-04 Boehringer Ingelheim Kg Controlled transdermal iontophoretic administration of pharmacologically active substances
EP0529510A1 (en) * 1991-08-23 1993-03-03 Boehringer Ingelheim Kg Sintered transdermal iontophoresis application of active therapeutical agents
US6023629A (en) * 1994-06-24 2000-02-08 Cygnus, Inc. Method of sampling substances using alternating polarity of iontophoretic current
US6687522B2 (en) 1994-06-24 2004-02-03 Cygnus, Inc. Device for sample of substances using alternating polarity
US5771890A (en) * 1994-06-24 1998-06-30 Cygnus, Inc. Device and method for sampling of substances using alternating polarity

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
DE3667751D1 (en) 1990-02-01 grant
EP0230153B1 (en) 1989-12-27 grant
JPS62159661A (en) 1987-07-15 application

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