EP0164221A1 - Heating appliance - Google Patents

Heating appliance Download PDF

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Publication number
EP0164221A1
EP0164221A1 EP85303265A EP85303265A EP0164221A1 EP 0164221 A1 EP0164221 A1 EP 0164221A1 EP 85303265 A EP85303265 A EP 85303265A EP 85303265 A EP85303265 A EP 85303265A EP 0164221 A1 EP0164221 A1 EP 0164221A1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
tube
radiator
radiator tube
gas burner
gas
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
EP85303265A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP0164221B1 (en
Inventor
Klaus J. Luther
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Colt International Holdings AG
Original Assignee
Colt International Holdings AG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE8414235U priority Critical
Priority to DE19848414235U priority patent/DE8414235U1/en
Application filed by Colt International Holdings AG filed Critical Colt International Holdings AG
Publication of EP0164221A1 publication Critical patent/EP0164221A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP0164221B1 publication Critical patent/EP0164221B1/en
Expired legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24DDOMESTIC- OR SPACE-HEATING SYSTEMS, e.g. CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEMS; DOMESTIC HOT-WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; ELEMENTS OR COMPONENTS THEREFOR
    • F24D5/00Hot-air central heating systems; Exhaust gas central heating systems
    • F24D5/06Hot-air central heating systems; Exhaust gas central heating systems operating without discharge of hot air into the space or area to be heated
    • F24D5/08Hot-air central heating systems; Exhaust gas central heating systems operating without discharge of hot air into the space or area to be heated with hot air led through radiators
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23CMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR COMBUSTION USING FLUID FUEL OR SOLID FUEL SUSPENDED IN  A CARRIER GAS OR AIR 
    • F23C3/00Combustion apparatus characterised by the shape of the combustion chamber
    • F23C3/002Combustion apparatus characterised by the shape of the combustion chamber the chamber having an elongated tubular form, e.g. for a radiant tube
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24CDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES ; DETAILS OF DOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F24C3/00Stoves or ranges for gaseous fuels
    • F24C3/04Stoves or ranges for gaseous fuels with heat produced wholly or partly by a radiant body, e.g. by a perforated plate
    • F24C3/06Stoves or ranges for gaseous fuels with heat produced wholly or partly by a radiant body, e.g. by a perforated plate without any visible flame
    • F24C3/062Stoves or ranges for gaseous fuels with heat produced wholly or partly by a radiant body, e.g. by a perforated plate without any visible flame stoves

Abstract

The appliance (1 ) has a gas burner ( 10) and a control valve (11) for regulating, and turning on and off, the supply of gas to the burner. The appliance is constructed in the form of a heat radiator having a U-shaped radiator tube (2, 3, 4). The gas burner (10) is positioned at one open end of the radiator tube to burn gas in the tube and a scavenging fan (12) is positioned, alongside the gas burner (10), at the other open end of the radiator tube to scavenge the radiator tube of any explosive gases prior to igniting the gas burner (10). The gas burner (10) is operated periodically under the control of the control valve (11) to heat the radiator tube (2, 3, 4) and the radiator tube is of strong-walled construction with a weight of more than 2.5 g/ cm2 relative to its generated surface.

Description

  • This invention relates to a heating appliance and concerns a heating appliance having a gas burner, and a control valve disposed in front of the inlet of the gas burner and operable to control the burner output by means of an on/off switching operation and by regulating the gas supply to the gas burner during the gas supply phases thereby to provide for a pulse-duration modulated gas proportioning and burner output.
  • Such a heating appliance is known from the DE-OS 23 08 641, the gas burner described there being intended in particular for cookers, but it renders it possible, with a regulated on/off control in adjustable pulse-duration modulation, to adjust the heating energy continuously over a wide range, at any rate with regard to its average value.
  • In the case of space heating there is also frequently a need for the effective and robust heating by means of gas burners to be able to be controlled more sensitively than is possible with the selection between switching on and switching off. Accordingly, it is the object of this invention to develop a heating appliance of the above-mentioned controllable type so that it can be used advantageously for space heating.
  • According to this invention, this problem is solved in that the heating appliance is constructed in the form of a heat radiator with at least one radiator tube extending in alignment with the mouth of the gas burner and a fan disposed on the radiator tube at the end, and in that the radiator tube is of strong-walled construction with a weight of more than 2.5 g/crn2 relative to its generated surface.
  • Fundamentally, according to this invention, in the first instance, the heating appliance of the type designated at the beginning is provided with a shape in the form of a heat radiator and so achieves an extremely efficient low-loss method of operation. The radiator tube renders it possible, by radiation, to heat regions which are scarcely accessible with other means of heat transmission. In addition, the exhaust gases of the burner enter the ambient air with a heating effect.
  • The combination of a thermal radiator with a gas burner controlled via a control valve for a pulse-duration modulated gas proportioning could not be used, however, if radiator tubes of a conventional type were to be used for this. These are conventionally of thin- walled construction with a view to saving material, saving weight and providing for rapid heating up. In contrast, the radiator tube in the heating appliance according to this invention is made thick-walled with a weight of more than 2.5 g/cm2 of generated surface of the tube. The mass incorporated in this case ensures that, in switching operation, the radiator maintains its temperature to such an extent that no noticeable fluctuations in radiation occur but instead a constant comfortable feeling of warmth develops in work places where such radiators are typically mounted.
  • At the same time, assurance is provided that the temperature of the radiator tube can be kept low, for example in a range of less than 300°C, in which case a radiation of less than 6 mW per gram results in relation to the mass of the radiator tube. Thus the phases of switching on and off can be extended to several minutes.
  • Particularly in the case of large radiator tubes, several metres long, longer switching cycles should be provided because each switching on has to be preceded by a scavenging operation which removes any explosive gas which may have remained behind in the radiator tube, before renewed ignition. Such a scavenging operation, to be fixed at 20 seconds for example, then determines the order of magnitude in time of the following switching on and off cycles.
  • One way of carrying out this invention is described in detail below by way of example and not by way of limitation with reference to drawings which illustrate only one specific embodiment and in which
    • Figure 1 is a view of a heating appliance in accordance with this invention from below and
    • Figure 2 is a side view of the heating appliance of Figure 1.
  • With reference to the drawings, the heating appliance, designated as a whole by 1, has a radiation tube which consists of two tube portions 2, 3 extending parallel to one another, and a return bend 4 connecting these two tube portions 2, 3. The radiation tube is connected to a box-like reflector 5 at both ends via welded-on struts 6, 7, 8, 9 and stiffened at the same time.
  • The radiator tube formed in U-shape with the tube portions 2, 3 and the return bend 4, has two ends which are situated close beside one another, in front of one of which there is disposed a gas burner 10 with a magnetically operated valve 11 (and associated control). An exhaust-gas fan 12 is disposed in front of the other end of the tube , formed by the tube portion 3. The heating appliance 1 can be disposed as a whole over a place for a worker or another region to be heated, particularly in a large or open space, and the appliance ensures an effective localized radiation heating after the necessary gas and current connections have been installed.
  • Briefly, the mode of operation of the appliance 1 is as follows:
    • At the beginning of a predetermined switching on phase, subject to control, the exhaust-gas fan 12 switches on and draws air through the radiator tube composed of the tube portions 2 and 3 and the return bend 4 in order to scavenge the radiator tube. Then the ignition of the gas burner is switched on and the supply of gas started so that the burner runs for a preset time and heats the radiator tube 2, 3, 4. The radiator tube is of particularly strong-walled construction so that during the heating, only a gradual heating-up of the tube from the inside outwards results and the heat radiated from the tube, which in any case is set to a temperature of less than 300°, rises only gradually and slightly before the gas burner is switched off for a preset limited (cooling) time. Thus gas burning periods and non-gas burning intervals of several minutes, well above the scavenging period of 20 seconds for example, can be provided which avoids unnecessary expenditure on scavenging and unnecessary wear of the control valve without the heat radiated from the appliance pulsating in a manner which can be felt unpleasantly.

Claims (4)

1. A heating appliance having a gas burner and a control valve, disposed in front of the inlet of the gas burner, for a pulse-duration modulated gas proportioning and burner output, characterised in that the heating appliance is constructed in the form of a heat radiator (1) with at least one radiator tube (2, 3) extending in alignment with the mouth of the gas burner (10) and a fan (12) disposed on the radiator tube (3) at the end, and in that the radiator tube (2, 3) is of strong-walled construction with a weight of more than 2.5 g/cm2 relative to its generated surface.
2. A heating appliance as claimed in Claim 1, characterised in that the radiator tube (2, 3) is constructed in the form of a radiant tube with a weight of about 3 g/cm .
3. A heating appliance as claimed in Claim 1 or 2, characterised in that the radiator tube (2, 3) extends in U-shape and that the gas burner (10) and the fan (12) are disposed situated close beside one another at the two ends of the radiator tube.
4. A heating appliance as claimed in Claim 1, 2 or 3, characterised in that the radiator tube (2, 3) is anchored, at least at the end, to a reflector (5) extending in the longitudinal direction of the tube and above the tube.
EP85303265A 1984-05-10 1985-05-09 Heating appliance Expired EP0164221B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE8414235U 1984-05-10
DE19848414235U DE8414235U1 (en) 1984-05-10 1984-05-10 HEATER

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AT85303265T AT26612T (en) 1984-05-10 1985-05-09 HEATER.

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0164221A1 true EP0164221A1 (en) 1985-12-11
EP0164221B1 EP0164221B1 (en) 1987-04-15

Family

ID=6766706

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP85303265A Expired EP0164221B1 (en) 1984-05-10 1985-05-09 Heating appliance

Country Status (3)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0164221B1 (en)
AT (1) AT26612T (en)
DE (2) DE8414235U1 (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0232990A1 (en) * 1986-01-20 1987-08-19 Colt International Holdings A.G. Heating appliance
FR2609157A1 (en) * 1986-12-26 1988-07-01 Deleage Pierre Improvements to radiant gas-burning tubes
FR2809746A1 (en) * 2000-06-06 2001-12-07 Etudes Const Mecaniques GAS-HEATED CEMENTATION SYSTEM

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE868647C (en) * 1937-11-11 1953-02-26 Benno Schilde Maschb A G Device for evenly heating long heating pipes by burning a gas-air mixture in the heating pipes
DE2308641A1 (en) * 1972-03-03 1973-09-13 Europ Equip Menager DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING GAS BURNERS
DE1526204B2 (en) * 1966-12-28 1974-07-18 Brown, Boveri & Cie Ag, 6800 Mannheim Safety and temperature control device for gas-fed radiant heating pipes
DE2341722B2 (en) * 1972-09-21 1976-04-29 Borg-Warner Corp., Chicago, 111. (V.St.A.) HEATING DEVICE
GB2004638A (en) * 1977-09-19 1979-04-04 Aichelin Fa J Industrial heating installation and method of operation

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE868647C (en) * 1937-11-11 1953-02-26 Benno Schilde Maschb A G Device for evenly heating long heating pipes by burning a gas-air mixture in the heating pipes
DE1526204B2 (en) * 1966-12-28 1974-07-18 Brown, Boveri & Cie Ag, 6800 Mannheim Safety and temperature control device for gas-fed radiant heating pipes
DE2308641A1 (en) * 1972-03-03 1973-09-13 Europ Equip Menager DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING GAS BURNERS
DE2341722B2 (en) * 1972-09-21 1976-04-29 Borg-Warner Corp., Chicago, 111. (V.St.A.) HEATING DEVICE
GB2004638A (en) * 1977-09-19 1979-04-04 Aichelin Fa J Industrial heating installation and method of operation

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0232990A1 (en) * 1986-01-20 1987-08-19 Colt International Holdings A.G. Heating appliance
FR2609157A1 (en) * 1986-12-26 1988-07-01 Deleage Pierre Improvements to radiant gas-burning tubes
FR2809746A1 (en) * 2000-06-06 2001-12-07 Etudes Const Mecaniques GAS-HEATED CEMENTATION SYSTEM
EP1162279A1 (en) * 2000-06-06 2001-12-12 Etudes Et Constructions Mecaniques Gas-heated carburising installation
US6627145B2 (en) 2000-06-06 2003-09-30 Etudes Et Constructions Mecaniques Gas-heated carburizing equipment

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
AT26612T (en) 1987-05-15
DE3560124D1 (en) 1987-05-21
EP0164221B1 (en) 1987-04-15
DE8414235U1 (en) 1984-08-02

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