EP0150872A1 - Liquid detergent compositions containing organo-functional polysiloxanes - Google Patents

Liquid detergent compositions containing organo-functional polysiloxanes Download PDF

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Publication number
EP0150872A1
EP0150872A1 EP19850200027 EP85200027A EP0150872A1 EP 0150872 A1 EP0150872 A1 EP 0150872A1 EP 19850200027 EP19850200027 EP 19850200027 EP 85200027 A EP85200027 A EP 85200027A EP 0150872 A1 EP0150872 A1 EP 0150872A1
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Prior art keywords
alkyl
composition
siloxane
accordance
polydimethylsiloxane
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EP19850200027
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German (de)
French (fr)
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EP0150872B2 (en
EP0150872B1 (en
Inventor
Christian Roland Barrat
Alfred Busch
Kosmas Sardelis
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Procter and Gamble European Technical Center
Procter and Gamble Co
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Procter and Gamble European Technical Center
Procter and Gamble Co
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Priority to GB848401875A priority Critical patent/GB8401875D0/en
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Application filed by Procter and Gamble European Technical Center, Procter and Gamble Co filed Critical Procter and Gamble European Technical Center
Priority claimed from AT85200027T external-priority patent/AT51892T/en
Publication of EP0150872A1 publication Critical patent/EP0150872A1/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/16Organic compounds
    • C11D3/37Polymers
    • C11D3/3703Macromolecular compounds obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • C11D3/373Macromolecular compounds obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds containing silicones
    • C11D3/3742Nitrogen containing silicones
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/16Organic compounds
    • C11D3/37Polymers
    • C11D3/3703Macromolecular compounds obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • C11D3/373Macromolecular compounds obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds containing silicones

Abstract

Liquid detergent compositions containing additive levels of organo-functional polysiloxanes are disclosed. The siloxanes are derived from poly-di-short-alkyl siloxanes by substituting part of the alkyl moieties by specific organo-functional groups, preferably amino-groups, with the proviso that the degree of substitution is in the range from 0.01 - 0.07. The liquid compositions herein unexpectedly provide through-the-wash softening benefits comparable to what can be obtained from the utilization of conventional cationic rinse-softeners.

Description

  • This invention relates to liquid detergent compositions containing low levels of selected organo-functional polydi-alkylsiloxanes. In more detail, the compositions herein comprise conventional ingredients inclusive of surface-active agents, liquid carrier and optional ingredients such as detergent builders, enzymes and suds regulants and low levels of organo-functional polydi-short alkylsiloxanes. The latter ingredient unexpectedly provides desirable through-the-wash textile benefits inclusive of softness. The preferred siloxanes embrace amino derivatives. The essential siloxanes are further characterized by a degree of substitution in the range from 0.01 - 0.7.
  • The through-the-wash textile benefits conferred by the inventive compositions, in addition to softening, are frequently perceived in terms of anti-static, ease-of-ironing and anti-wrinkling benefits. On a conservative basis, it was established that, at least, and contrary to standing prejudice, the essential siloxane components do not, adversely affect the general textile cleaning suitability of the compositions herein. The liquid compositions herein can be divided arbitrarily in (mostly P-)-built compositions and in substantially unbuilt compositions. Both kinds of compositions will procure textile handling benefits. Selective preference can originate from the combined use of anionic surface-active agents in combination with the subject siloxanes.
  • The prior art relative to the textile-treatment utilization broadly of silicones/polydialkylsiloxanes is crowded and diverse. The like siloxanes have, for example, found widespread commercial application in a detergent suds regulant functionality. Silicone polymers have also found widespread application in the textile industry to provide fiber properties inclusive of softness, water proofing and easy ironing. To that effect the silicone polymers are applied (in the textile industry) to the fabrics during manufacture or during make-up of clothing, in the form of relatively concentrated dispersions or solutions either by padding or spray-on. Often, especially for long lasting softness, water proofing treatment or other benefits, mixtures or organofunctional polydialkylsiloxanes are used. The fabrics are subsequently treated with catalysts or heated to cause crosslinking or setting of the silicone polymers.
  • German Patent 27 54 504 and U.S. 4.247.592 disclose a treating agent consisting of a polydimethylsiloxane containing diaminoalkyl groups for providing softness to natural and synthetic fabrics.
  • Japanese Patent 79,131,096 pertains to a treating agent consisting of a mixture of polydimethylsiloxane with NHR-groups and a polydimethylsiloxane with hydroxy end groups, for providing softness to acrylics. The fabrics are spray coated and then heated for curing.
  • German Patent 20 16 095 uses polydimethylsiloxane containing pendant epoxy groups for providing softness and smoothness to synthetic organic fabrics.
  • European Patent 058 493 relates to a treating agent mixture of an organo polysiloxane containing diaminoalkyl and polyoxyalkylene groups, with an organopolysiloxane containing carboxylic acid ester groups or with an organopolysiloxane containing epoxy and polyoxyalkylene groups. The mixture is added by spray-on and treated for curing. It is said to provide softness, anti-wrinkling and long lasting electrostatic prevention benefits.
  • German Patent application DOS 26.31.419 relates to fabric rinse softening compositions containing a fabric-substantive cationic component and a polydimethylsiloxane possibly amino substituted. The mixture is applied as an aqueous dispersion.
  • The suds regulant utilization of polydimethylsiloxanes in liquid detergent is known from European Patent application 0.028.865. U.S. Patent 4.075.118 discloses the utilization of emulsified polydimethylsilicones for suds regulant purposes.
  • The feasibility for using polydimethylsilicones in granular detergents for foam control is known from DOS 23.38.468.
  • It is also known that the detergent incorporation of polydimethylsiloxane suds regulants can adversely affect textile cleaning benefits.
  • It has now been found that specific organo-functional polydialkylsiloxanes, preferably aminosubstituted species, can advantageously be incorporated in liquid detergents generally to provide remarkable benefits inclusive of through-the-wash softening and further textile handling improvements. The essential means needed to achieve these unexpected properties are explained in more detail hereafter.
  • SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
  • This invention is based on the discovery that liquid detergent compositions capable of simultaneously providing fiber-cleaning and textile handling benefits, inclusive of softness, can now be formulated containing a binary component systems and an organo-functional siloxane.
  • In particular, the compositions herein comprise :
    • (a) from 5% to 70% by weight of a surface-active agent selected from the group of anionic, nonionic, ampholytic and zwitterionic surface-active agents and mixtures thereof;
    • (b) a liquid carrier; and
    • (c) if desired, conventional detergent additives inclusive of detergent builders, enzymes and suds regulants,

    characterized in, that it contains :
    • (d) from 0.05% to 5% by weight of an organo-functional poly-di-C1-4-alkyl siloxane textile treatment agent having the general formula :
      Figure imgb0001
      wherein R = C, ,-alkyl; n is an integer from 1 to 6; Z is
      Figure imgb0002
      1-4 whereby X and Y are, selected independently, -H; -C1-30-alkyl; -C6-aryl; -C5-6-cycloalkyl; -C1-6 -NH2;-CO-R; with the proviso that the nitrogen can be quaternized such as to represent
      Figure imgb0003
      whereby W can be selected from X or Y or Z is :
      Figure imgb0004
      whereby P and Mare -COOH; -CO-NR'2; or -CO - OR' and wherein R' is hydrogen or C 1-2-alkyl with the further proviso that the degree of substitution, i.e., the molar proportion of silicones carrying a substituent other than a C1-14 alkyl group to total silicones is in the range from 0.01 to 0.7. Especially preferred are aminosubstituted siloxanes having a degree of substitution in the range from 0.05 to 0.5.
  • In one preferred execution herein the substituted siloxanes are incorporated in liquid detergent compositions containing inorganic builder salts such as (poly)-phosphates.
  • In another preferred composition aspect of the invention, the siloxanes are incorporated in concentrated liquid compositions which are substantially free of builders.
  • DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
  • The invention herein broadly relates to liquid detergent compositions comprising a surface-active agent, a liquid carrier, an organo-functional polydi-alkylsiloxane textile treatment agent, and, if desirable, conventional detergent additives. These variables and other aspects of the invention are explained in more detail hereinafter.
  • Unless indicated to the contrary, the "percent" indications stand for "percent by weight".
  • THE SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENT
  • A first essential component for use in the compositions of this invention is represented by a surface-active agent selected from the group of anionic, nonionic, amphoteric (ampholytic) and zwitterionic surface-active agents and mixtures thereof. In the context of this invention, the term nonionic surface-active agent is meant to include semi-polar nonionic surfactants.
  • Examples of suitable non-ionic surfactants are disclosed in E.P.A 0.028.865 page 4, line 23 to page 5, line 10 and page 8 line 14 to page 9, line 4, said disclosures being incorporated herein by reference.
  • A disclosure of zwitterionic and ampholytic surfactants for use herein can also be found in E.P.A 0.028.865 page 7, line 21 to page 8, line 13, this passage being also incorporated herein by reference.
  • The anionic surfactants for use herein can be represented by known synthetic and natural anionic surface-active agents which are known to be suitable for use in detergents and frequently have found commercial application. Suitable synthetic anionic surfactants are described in E.P.A 0.028.865 page 5, line 12 to line 31. Examples of natural anionic surface-active agents for use in this invention can be represented by saturated and unsaturated fatty acids having from 10 to 20 carbon atoms in the alkyl chain or the alkali-metal, earth-alkali-metal and amine or alkanolamine soaps thereof. Preferred fatty acids/soaps have from 12 to 18 carbon atoms in the alkyl chain. Well-known examples of fatty acids/soaps suitable for use herein are natural coconut fatty acid containing a majority of C12 and C14 acids and tallow fatty acids containing a mixture of saturated and unsaturated C16 and C18-fatty acids/soaps.
  • The surface -active agent is used generally at levels from 5% to 70%. While the surface-active agent may be varied over the broad range depending upon the intended utility of the composition and the quantitative and qualitative definition of the additional ingredients and possibly optional components, two preferred executions can be formulated depending upon the presence of (poly)-phosphate builders.
  • In a first preferred execution of the invention liquid compositions are envisaged which are substantially unbuilt. In this embodiment, the surface active agents are frequently used in an amount from 25% to 55% and are represented by a mixture of anionic and nonionic surface-active agents, more preferably in a weight ratio of anionic to nonionic in the range from 4:1 to 1:4.
  • In a second preferred embodiment, liquid built detergent compositions are contemplated containing from 5% to 25%, preferably from 5% to 15% surface-active agent. The latter ingredient can preferably be represented by a mixture of anionic and nonionic surface-active agents whereby the anionic species represents at least 20% of the sum of anionic and nonionic surface-active agents, and at least 3%, calculated on the detergent composition.
  • The like detergent compositions frequently comprise from 5% to 30%, preferably from 12% to 25% of a detergent builder which can be represented by conventional detergent builders many of which have already found commercial application. Well-known examples of suitable builders include the alkali, often sodium, metal salts of (poly)phosphates, e.g. tripolyphosphoric acid, nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA), citric acid and crystalline, completely hydrated, synthetically prepared zeolite builders having a particle diameter in the range from 0.1 to 10, preferably from 0.1 to 4 micrometers. Suitable zeolite builders are ZEOLITE A, X and P. Mixtures of detergent builders can also be used.
  • The compositions herein can additionally contain, as an optional ingredient, a cationic surfactant. Suitable cationic surfactant species for use herein are described in European Patent application 0.028.865, page 5, line 32 to page 7 line 21, this passage being incorporated herein by reference. The cationic surfactants can provide and/or enhance a broad range of textile treatment benefits inclusive of cleaning, feel, and bactericidal advantages. These optional cationic surface-active agents are used in additive levels, such as in levels not exceeding 10% of the cumulative amount of anionic and nonionic surfactants defined hereinbefore, and more preferred in a range from 1% to 5% of the detergent composition.
  • THE-LIQUID CARRIER
  • The compositions herein contain as a further essential component a liquid carrier, possibly a mixture of liquid carriers. The liquid carrier component can be represented by water and conventional liquid organic carriers. Non-limiting examples of the like organic carriers include lower aliphatic alcohol having from 2 to about 6 carbon atoms and 1 to 3 hydroxyl groups ; ethers of diethylene glycol and lower aliphatic mono-alcohols having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms and mixtures thereof.
  • Specific examples of liquid carriers are : ethanol; n-propanol; isopropanol; butanol; 1,2-propanediol; 1,3-propanediol; n-hexanol; monomethyl-, -ethyl-, -propyl, and mono-butyl ethers and di-ethylene glycol. Other organic solvents having a relatively high boiling point and low vapor pressure can also be used, provided they do not react with any of the other ingredients present. The relative quantities of liquid carriers needed to insure the liquid state of the composition can vary depending upon the qualitative and quantitative ingredient parameters in a given composition. However, the adequate choice of the carrier is based on routine determinations well-known in the art.
  • THE ORGANO-FUNCTIONAL SILOXANE
  • The essential organo-functional siloxane for use herein can be present in levels from 0.05% to 5%, preferably from 0.1% - 3%, and most preferably from 0.15% - 1%. Using levels below 0.05% will not anymore produce, to any noticeable extent, the claimed benefits whereas the incorporation of levels exceeding 5% will not produce additional benefits commensurate with (proportional to) the level increase.
  • The organo-functional-polydi-C1-4-alkyl siloxane component can stoichiometrically be defined with the aid of the following formula:
    Figure imgb0005
    wherein R = C1-4-alkyl; n is an integer from 1 to 6; Z is
    Figure imgb0006
    whereby X and Y are, selected independently, -H; -C1-30-alkyl; -C6-aryl; -C5-6-cycloalkyl; -C1-6-NR2; -CO - R; with the proviso tha the nitrogen can be quaternized such as to represent
    Figure imgb0007
    ―W, whereby W can be selected from X and Y or Z is
    Figure imgb0008
    whereby P and M are -COOH; -CO - NR'2; or -CO - OR' and wherein R' is hydrogen or C1-2-alkyl; with the proviso that the degree of substitution, i.e. the molar proportion of silicones carrying a substituent other than a C1-4alkyl group to total silicones is in the range from 0.01 to 0.7, preferably from 0.02 - 0.3.
  • The siloxane component is preferably represented by amino-functional polydialkylsiloxanes which are frequently used in levels from 0.1% to 3%, more preferably from 0.15 - 1.0%.
  • The degree of substitution of preferred siloxanes, such as the aminosiloxanes, can be expressed as the molar (moiety) proportion of non-terminal silicones carrying a substituent other than a C1-4 alkyl group to total non-terminal silicones. The numerical value for the degree of substitution of preferred siloxanes lies in the range from 0.01 to 0.7; preferably from 0.02 to 0.3. While non-terminal substitution is preferred for enhanced through-the-wash fiber substantivity, it is understood that siloxanes with substituted terminal silicone atoms can also be used.
  • In the preferred siloxane component herein, n is 3 or 4, X and Y are, selected independently, hydrogen; - C1-4-alkyl; - C 5-6- cycloalkyl and -C2-NH2.
  • Preferred organofunctional polydimethyl siloxanes include aminofunctional siloxanes, such as :
    Figure imgb0009
  • The organofunctional siloxanes have generally a viscosity in the range from 40 cSt to 100.000 cSt, preferably from 250 cSt to 2000 cSt. The viscosity of the siloxanes is measured on the pure raw material at 25°C with the aid of a BROOKFIELD® viscometer (LV Digital).
  • The organofunctional polydimethyl siloxanes, in addition to the essential substituents defined hereinbefore, can contain polyalkylene oxide chains attached to unsubstituted silicone atoms (in the meaning of this invention). The polyalkylene, such as propylene or ethylene, oxide chains are attached to the silicone atoms instead of a Cl-4 alkyl group. The alkoxylation enhances the hydrophilic and antistatic (charge-reducing) properties of the component in relation to the textiles.
  • OPTIONAL INGREDIENTS
  • In addition to the essential components, the compositions herein can contain a series of optional detergent ingredients with a view to improve the composition taking into consideration the specific utilization. These optional components can be presented by virtually all substances, which are known to suitable for use in the like composition, for their known functionality in the art established levels.
  • The non-built or built compositions of the invention can contain, in addition to the detergent builder, other types of sequestrants, having precipitation inhibitor or anti-incrustation properties, in varying levels e.g. in an amount from 0.2% to 5%. Such further sequestrants can be water-soluble copolymeric ingredients e.g. : polyacrylates, polymaleates and copolymeric carboxylates including those obtained from the copolymerization of unsaturated polyacids such a maleic or citraconic acid with suitable polymerizable reaction partners such as methacrylic acid, acrylic acid, mesaconic acid and methyl-vinyl-ether. Mixture of the like watersoluble detergent sequestrant can also be used.
  • Examples of other optional components are detergent enzymes such as proteases, amylases, lipases and mixtures thereof, and stabilizing agents for the like enzymes., soil suspending agents such as sodium carboxymethylcellulose and polyvinylpyrrolidone, suds regulants, such as C16-22 fatty acids and methylated polysiloxanes, especially dimethylpolysiloxane, said silicone being used preferably at levels from 0.01% to 0.4%. Hydrotropes can also be used and are frequently desirable in built compositions. Examples of suitable hydrotropes include the water-soluble alkylaryl sulfonates having up to 3 carbon atoms in an alkyl group such as sodium, potassium, ammonium, and ethanol amine salts of xylene-, toluene-, ethylbenzene- and isopropyl benzene sulfonic acids. The subject compositions further can comprise brighteners, perfumes, dyes, bactericidal agents, antioxidants, opacifiers, photoactivators, fillers and the like.
  • EXAMPLES
  • The following examples illustrate preferred executions of this invention, and facilitate its understanding. The abbreviations for the individual ingredients of the examples have the following meaning :
    • LAS : Sodium salt of linear dodecyl benzene sulfonate.
    • HLAS : Linear dodecylbenzene sulfonic acid.
    • TEACnAS : Triethanolamine coconut (C12-14) alcohol sulfate.
    • C x-y EOn: C x-y alcohol ethoxylated with n moles of ethylene oxide.
    • DTPA : Sodium salt of diethylene triamine penta acetic acid.
    • DETPMP : Diethylene triamine pentamethyl phosphonic acid.
    • C12TMAC : Dodecyl trimethyl ammonium chloride.
    • Cx-y(EO)nS : Sodium salt of C x-y alcohol ethoxylated with n moles of ethylene oxide and sulfated.
    • DTMAC : Ditallow dimethyl ammonium chloride.
    • TEPA-EO : Tetraethylene pentamine ethoxylated with about 100 moles of ethylene oxide.
    • KTS : Potassium salt of toluene sulfonate.
    • STPP : Sodium tripolyphosphate.
    • NTA : Sodium salt of nitrilo-triacetic acid.
    • CnDEA : Coconut diethanol amide.
  • The following liquid detergent compositions were prepared by mixing, in a conventional manner, the following ingredients in the stated proportions ; the aminofunctional polysiloxane was admixed directly in liquid composition under agitation.
    Figure imgb0010
  • The washed and line dried terry swatches were compared by a panel of two expert judges, working independently, by a paired comparison technique using a 9-point Scheffe scale. Differences were recorded in panel score units (psu), positive being performancewise better and the least significant difference (LSD) at 95% confidence was also calculated.
  • , The testing results were as follows :
    Figure imgb0011
  • These results show the significant softness through-the-wash benefits derivable from inventive compositions of examples I and II versus identical compositions A and B which did not contain the aminofunctional polydimethylsiloxane.
  • Comparable textile benefits can be secured from liquid detergent compositions I and II hereinabove wherein the (N-cyclohexyl-4-amino-butyl-l) polydimethylsiloxane (Sil-I) is replaced by the listed organo-functional siloxanes in the stated proportions.
    Figure imgb0012
  • Further examples of substantially unbuilt compositions in accordance with the invention are as follows :
    Figure imgb0013
  • Examples of built composition in accordance with this invention are as follows :
    Figure imgb0014

Claims (15)

1. A liquid detergent composition capable of providing desirable textile benefits inclusive of softness, containing :
(a) from 5% to 70% by weight of a surface-active agent selected from the group of anionic, nonionic, amphoteric and zwitterionic surface-active agents and mixtures thereof;
(b) a liquid carrier; and
(c) if desired, conventional detergent additives inclusive of detergent builders, enzymes and suds regulants,

characterized in, that it contains :
(d) from 0.05% to 5% by weight of an organo-functional poly-di-Cl-4-alkyl siloxane textile treatment agent having the general formula :
Figure imgb0015
wherein R = C1-4-alkyl; n is an integer from 1 to 6; Z is
Figure imgb0016
whereby X and Y are, selected independently, -H; -C1-30-alkyl;-C6-aryl; -C5-6-cycloalkyl; -C1-6-NH2;CO-R; with the proviso that the nitrogen can be quaternized such as to represent
Figure imgb0017
whereby W can be selected from X or Y; or Z is
Figure imgb0018
wheredby P and M are -COOH;-CO-NR'2; or C1-2-alkyl; with the further proviso that the degree of substitution, i.e., the molar proportion of silicones carrying a substituent other than a C1-4-alkyl group to total silicones is in the range from 0.01 to 0.7.
2. The composition in accordance with Claim 1 wherein the siloxane is amino-substituted.
3. The composition in accordance with Claim 1 wherein the siloxane has a degree of substitution in the range from 0.02 to 0.3.
4. A substantially unbuilt liquid detergent composition capable of providing desirable textile benefits inclusive of softness containing :
(a) from 25% to 55% by weight of a surface-active agent selected from the group of anionic, nonionic, amphoteric and zwitterionic surface-active agents and mixtures thereof;
(b) a liquid carrier;
(c) if desired, conventional detergent additives inclusive of enzymes and suds regulants; and
(d) from 0.05% to 5% by weight of an organo-functional poly-di-C1-4-alkyl siloxane textile treatment agent having the general formula :
Figure imgb0019
wherein R = C1-4-alkyl; n is an integer from 1 to 6; Z is
Figure imgb0020
whereby X and Y are, selected independently, -H; -C1-30-alkyl;-C6-aryl; -C5-6-cycloalkyl; -C1-6-NH2;-CO-R; with the proviso that the nitrogen
Figure imgb0021
can be quaternized such as to represent , whereby W can be selected from X or Y; or Z is
Figure imgb0022
whereby P and M are -COOH;-CO-NR'2; or C1-2-alkyl;

with the further proviso that the degree of substitution, i.e., the molar proportion of silicones carrying a substituent other than a C1-4alkyl group to total silicones is in the range from 0.01 to 0.7.
5. The composition in accordance with Claim 4 wherein the surface active agent is represented by a mixture of anionic and nonionic surface-active agents in a weight ratio of anionic to nonionic in the range from 4:1 to 1:4.
6. The composition in accordance with Claim 4 wherein the siloxane is amino-substituted.
7. The composition in accordance with Claim 4 wherein the siloxane has a degree of substitution in the range from 0.02 to 0.3.
8. The composition in accordance with Claim 4 wherein the siloxane is characterized as follows : n is 3 or 4, and X and Y are selected independently from : hydrogen; -C1-4-alkyl; -CS-6-cycloalkyl; and -C2-NH2.
9. The composition in accordance with Claim 4 and 5 wherein the siloxane component is selected from :
- (N-cyclohexylamino-4-amino-butyl-1) polydimethylsiloxane;
- (Ethylene diamino-N-butyl-1) polydimethylsiloxane;
- (N-dodecyl-4-amino-butyl-1) polydimethylsiloxane;
- (4-(N,N-dimethyl ammonium)-butyl-l) polydimethylsiloxane;
- (5-(tallow amide)-4-carboxy-pentyl-l) polydimethylsiloxane.
10. A liquid built detergent composition capable of providing desirable textile benefits inclusive of softness containing :
(a) from 5% to 25X by weight of a surface-active agent selected from the group of anionic, nonionic, amphoteric and zwitterionic surface-active agents and mixtures thereof;
(b) a liquid carrier;
(c) from 5% to 30% by weight of a detergent builder;
(d) if desired, conventional detergent additives inclusive of enzymes and suds regulants; and
(e) from 0.05% to 5% by weight of an organo-functional poly-di-C1-4-alkyl siloxane textile treatment agent having the general formula :
Figure imgb0023
wherein R = C1-4; n is an integer from 1 to 6; Z is
Figure imgb0024
whereby X and Y are, selected independently, -H; -C1-30-alkyl; -C6-aryl; -C5-6-cycloalkyl; -C1-6-NH2; CO-R; with the proviso that the nitrogen
Figure imgb0025
can be quaternized such as to represent , whereby W can be selected from X or Y; or Z is
Figure imgb0026
whereby P and M are -COOH;-CO-NR'2; or C1-2-alkyl;

with the further proviso that the degree of substitution, i.e., the molar proportion of silicones carrying a substituent other than a Cl-4-alkyl group to total silicones is in the range from 0.01 to 0.7.
11. The composition in accordance with Claim 10 wherein the surface-active agent, which represents from 5% to 15% by weight, is represented by a mixture of anionic and nonionic surface-active agents, whereby the anionic species represents at least 20% (by weight) of the sum of anionic and nonionic surface-active agents.
12. The composition in accordance with Claim 10 wherein the siloxane is amino-substituted.
13. The composition in accordance with Claim 10 wherein the detergent builder represents from 12% to 25% by weight and is selected from the alkali-metal salts of polyphosphoric, citric and nitrilotriacetic acids and from ZEOLITE A, X and P having a particle diameter in the range from 0.1 to 4 micrometers.
14. The composition in accordance with Claim 10 wherein the siloxane is characterized as follows : n is 3 or 4, and X and Y are selected independently from : hydrogen; -C1-4-alkyl; -C5-6-cycloalkyl; and -C2-NH2.
15. The composition in accordance with Claim 13 wherein the siloxane is selected from :
- (N-cyclohexylamino-4-amino-butyl-l) polydimethylsiloxane;
- (Ethylene diamino-N-butyl-1) polydimethylsiloxane;
- (N-dodecyl-4-amino-butyl-l) polydimethylsiloxane;
- (4-(N,N-dimethyl ammonium)-butyl-1) polydimethylsiloxane;
- (5-(tallow amide)-4-carboxy-pentyl-l) polydimethylsiloxane.
EP19850200027 1984-01-25 1985-01-15 Liquid detergent compositions containing organo-functional polysiloxanes Expired - Lifetime EP0150872B2 (en)

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GB848401875A GB8401875D0 (en) 1984-01-25 1984-01-25 Liquid detergent compositions
GB8401875 1984-01-25

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AT85200027T AT51892T (en) 1984-01-25 1985-01-15 Liquid polysiloxane-containing detergent compositions, organo-functional.

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EP0150872A1 true EP0150872A1 (en) 1985-08-07
EP0150872B1 EP0150872B1 (en) 1990-04-11
EP0150872B2 EP0150872B2 (en) 1993-05-12

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JP (1) JPH0657839B2 (en)
CA (1) CA1232412A (en)
DE (1) DE3577107D1 (en)
GB (1) GB8401875D0 (en)
GR (1) GR850050B (en)
MX (1) MX163030B (en)

Cited By (104)

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GB2169916A (en) * 1985-01-22 1986-07-23 Procter & Gamble Built liquid detergent containing anionic, ethoxylated nonionic and amide surfactants
EP0200325A2 (en) * 1985-04-01 1986-11-05 Dow Corning Corporation Method of improving the draining of water from textiles during a laundering operation
EP0224839A2 (en) * 1985-11-25 1987-06-10 Dow Corning Corporation Method of improving the draining of water from textiles during a laundering operation
GB2200365A (en) * 1987-01-26 1988-08-03 Goodjet Ltd Detergent composition
EP0290164A1 (en) * 1987-05-08 1988-11-09 Dow Corning Limited Removal of water haze from distillate fuel
EP0350604A2 (en) * 1988-05-26 1990-01-17 Toray Silicone Company, Limited Fibre-treatment composition
DE3929757A1 (en) * 1989-09-07 1991-03-14 Sandoz Ag Amino-polysiloxane micro-emulsions useful for textile finishing
EP0426304A1 (en) * 1989-10-06 1991-05-08 Unilever Plc Fabric treatment composition with softening properties
US5026489A (en) * 1990-04-04 1991-06-25 Dow Corning Corporation Softening compositions including alkanolamino functional siloxanes
WO1992001773A1 (en) * 1990-07-23 1992-02-06 The Procter & Gamble Company Liquid fabric softeners containing microemulsified amino silanes
DE4026029A1 (en) * 1989-09-07 1992-02-20 Sandoz Ag Aqueous aminopolysiloxanmikroemulsionen whose production and use
EP0693549A1 (en) 1994-07-19 1996-01-24 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Solid bleach activator compositions
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US6040288A (en) * 1997-02-21 2000-03-21 Rhodia Inc. Fabric color protection compositions and methods
WO2001025384A1 (en) * 1999-10-05 2001-04-12 Ciba Specialty Chemicals Holding Inc. Fabric softener compositions
WO2001025385A1 (en) * 1999-10-05 2001-04-12 Ciba Specialty Chemicals Holding Inc. Fabric softener compositions
WO2001025380A1 (en) * 1999-10-05 2001-04-12 Ciba Specialty Chemicals Holding Inc. Fabric softener compositions
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WO2004066972A1 (en) * 2003-01-29 2004-08-12 Unilever Plc Detergent composition
US6949503B2 (en) 1999-10-05 2005-09-27 Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation Fabric softener compositions
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GB2169916A (en) * 1985-01-22 1986-07-23 Procter & Gamble Built liquid detergent containing anionic, ethoxylated nonionic and amide surfactants
EP0200325A2 (en) * 1985-04-01 1986-11-05 Dow Corning Corporation Method of improving the draining of water from textiles during a laundering operation
EP0200325A3 (en) * 1985-04-01 1988-01-13 Dow Corning Corporation Method of improving the draining of water from textiles during a laundering operation
EP0224839A2 (en) * 1985-11-25 1987-06-10 Dow Corning Corporation Method of improving the draining of water from textiles during a laundering operation
EP0224839A3 (en) * 1985-11-25 1988-01-27 Dow Corning Corporation Method of improving the draining of water from textiles during a laundering operation
GB2200365A (en) * 1987-01-26 1988-08-03 Goodjet Ltd Detergent composition
EP0290164A1 (en) * 1987-05-08 1988-11-09 Dow Corning Limited Removal of water haze from distillate fuel
EP0350604A2 (en) * 1988-05-26 1990-01-17 Toray Silicone Company, Limited Fibre-treatment composition
EP0350604A3 (en) * 1988-05-26 1991-10-30 Toray Silicone Company, Limited Fibre-treatment composition
US5520827A (en) * 1989-09-07 1996-05-28 Sandoz Ltd. Microemulsions of aminopolysiloxanes
DE3929757A1 (en) * 1989-09-07 1991-03-14 Sandoz Ag Amino-polysiloxane micro-emulsions useful for textile finishing
DE4026029A1 (en) * 1989-09-07 1992-02-20 Sandoz Ag Aqueous aminopolysiloxanmikroemulsionen whose production and use
EP0426304A1 (en) * 1989-10-06 1991-05-08 Unilever Plc Fabric treatment composition with softening properties
US5026489A (en) * 1990-04-04 1991-06-25 Dow Corning Corporation Softening compositions including alkanolamino functional siloxanes
WO1992001773A1 (en) * 1990-07-23 1992-02-06 The Procter & Gamble Company Liquid fabric softeners containing microemulsified amino silanes
EP0693549A1 (en) 1994-07-19 1996-01-24 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Solid bleach activator compositions
EP0778342A1 (en) 1995-12-06 1997-06-11 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Detergent compositions
WO1997042282A1 (en) 1996-05-03 1997-11-13 The Procter & Gamble Company Detergent compositions comprising polyamine polymers with improved soil dispersancy
US6040288A (en) * 1997-02-21 2000-03-21 Rhodia Inc. Fabric color protection compositions and methods
EP2036481A2 (en) 1999-09-27 2009-03-18 The Procter and Gamble Company Hard surface cleaning compositions, premoistened wipes, methods of use, and articles comprising said compositions or wipes and instructions for use resulting in easier cleaning and maintenance, improved surface appearance and/or hygiene under stress conditions such as no-rinse
US6825163B1 (en) 1999-10-05 2004-11-30 Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation Fabric softener compositions
WO2001025380A1 (en) * 1999-10-05 2001-04-12 Ciba Specialty Chemicals Holding Inc. Fabric softener compositions
WO2001025382A1 (en) * 1999-10-05 2001-04-12 Ciba Speciality Chemicals Holding Inc. Fabric softener compositions
WO2001025381A1 (en) * 1999-10-05 2001-04-12 Ciba Specialty Chemicals Holding Inc. Fabric softener compositions
WO2001025383A1 (en) * 1999-10-05 2001-04-12 Ciba Specialty Chemicals Holding Inc. Fabric softener compositions
WO2001025385A1 (en) * 1999-10-05 2001-04-12 Ciba Specialty Chemicals Holding Inc. Fabric softener compositions
US6958317B2 (en) 1999-10-05 2005-10-25 Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corporation Fabric softener compositions
WO2001025384A1 (en) * 1999-10-05 2001-04-12 Ciba Specialty Chemicals Holding Inc. Fabric softener compositions
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US6569826B1 (en) 1999-10-19 2003-05-27 The Procter & Gamble Company Radical scavenger
US6566320B1 (en) 1999-10-19 2003-05-20 The Procter & Gamble Company Bleaching composition containing chromotropic compound
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WO2004066972A1 (en) * 2003-01-29 2004-08-12 Unilever Plc Detergent composition
US7642225B2 (en) 2003-01-29 2010-01-05 Conopco, Inc. Detergent composition containing a cationised silicone delivery system
US7326677B2 (en) 2003-07-11 2008-02-05 The Procter & Gamble Company Liquid laundry detergent compositions comprising a silicone blend of non-functionalized and amino-functionalized silicone polymers
US7326676B2 (en) 2003-07-11 2008-02-05 The Procter & Gamble Company Liquid laundry detergent compositions with silicone fabric care agents
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US9062280B2 (en) 2009-08-06 2015-06-23 Arkema Inc. Liquid cleaning composition
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EP0150872B2 (en) 1993-05-12
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DE3577107D1 (en) 1990-05-17
EP0150872B1 (en) 1990-04-11
MX163030B (en) 1991-08-05
JPS60215099A (en) 1985-10-28
CA1232412A (en) 1988-02-09
GR850050B (en) 1985-04-18

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