EP0085057B1 - A punching apparatus, particularly for punching labels and similar printed matter items - Google Patents

A punching apparatus, particularly for punching labels and similar printed matter items Download PDF

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Publication number
EP0085057B1
EP0085057B1 EP19820901962 EP82901962A EP0085057B1 EP 0085057 B1 EP0085057 B1 EP 0085057B1 EP 19820901962 EP19820901962 EP 19820901962 EP 82901962 A EP82901962 A EP 82901962A EP 0085057 B1 EP0085057 B1 EP 0085057B1
Authority
EP
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
cutting edge
punching
items
characterized
ground
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired
Application number
EP19820901962
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP0085057A1 (en )
Inventor
Mogens Gebuhr
Knud Pedersen
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
BORDING GRAFIK AS
DANISH CARBIDE TOOLS AS
Original Assignee
BORDING GRAFIK AS
DANISH CARBIDE TOOLS AS
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26FPERFORATING; PUNCHING; CUTTING-OUT; STAMPING-OUT; SEVERING BY MEANS OTHER THAN CUTTING
    • B26F1/00Perforating; Punching; Cutting-out; Stamping-out; Apparatus therefor
    • B26F1/38Cutting-out; Stamping-out
    • B26F1/44Cutters therefor; Dies therefor
    • B26F1/46Loose press knives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B26HAND CUTTING TOOLS; CUTTING; SEVERING
    • B26FPERFORATING; PUNCHING; CUTTING-OUT; STAMPING-OUT; SEVERING BY MEANS OTHER THAN CUTTING
    • B26F1/00Perforating; Punching; Cutting-out; Stamping-out; Apparatus therefor
    • B26F1/38Cutting-out; Stamping-out
    • B26F1/44Cutters therefor; Dies therefor
    • B26F2001/4472Cutting edge section features

Abstract

A punching apparatus for punching items having curved or arched edges from sheet material, particularly labels and similar printed matter items, comprises a punching die in the form of a mainly tubular member (6) manufactured from a sintered carbide alloy and having an internal cavity in which at least the wall surfaces (8) at the cutting edge are ground to smoothness, preferably to a surface roughness Ra < 0.1 mu m, and are perpendicular to the plane of the cutting edge, whereas grinding of the cutting edge 97) into a prescribed sharpness and cutting angle is performed solely on the external side of the tubular member (6). As a result thereof the intervals between necessary re-grindings of the cutting edge (7) are prolonged and an unlimited number of re-grindings may be made in practice with full retention of the accuracy of measurement of the cutting edge.

Description

  • The invention relates to a punching apparatus for punching items having curved or arched edges from sheet material, particularly labels and similar printed matter items, in a large number of pieces by a single working operation, comprising means for supporting a stack of a large number of sheet sections each containing one of said items, and a punching die arranged above said supporting means, said supporting means and said punching die being movable relative to one another, said punching die having the form of a mainly tubular member one end of which is shaped to form a plane circumferential cutting edge corresponding to the form of said items, grinding of the cutting edge to a prescribed sharpness and cutting angle having been performed solely on the external side of the tubular member.
  • In the production of labels for use on bottles and the like a large number of identical label prints are made side by side on a sheet material, such as a paper or plastic laminate, and the printed sheet is cut along straight cutting lines in generally rectangular sections, each containing a label print having a well-defined position within the respective section.
  • After piling of a number of such sheet sections into a pile or stack, punching of the labels to their final form is performed by means of a punching die, a whole stack being supplied on to a movable pressure plate positioned below the punching die, by the subsequent activation of which the punching die cuts through the sheet sections in the stack such that by the movement of the pressure plate the punched label items are pressed through the internal cavity of the punching die.
  • In prior art punching dies for this purpose (see e.g. DE-B-1.157.466 and GB-A-1.369.361), it has been customary to attempt to reduce friction when the punched label items are pressed through the punching die iron, by shaping the internal cavity with slightly oblique walls such that the cross sectional area 6f the cavity increases in the direction away from the cutting edge of the punching die.
  • Since it is necessary in the prior art punching dies, which are usually made of tool steel, to regrind the cutting edge at relatively short intervals, the said shape will result in a gradual increase of the cross sectional area in the plane of the cutting edge such that already after relatively few re-grindings the punched label items no longer keep the desired measurements, on the accuracy of which relatively high demands are made in view of the subsequent use in a labelling machine. This results in a short operational life for the punching die, which will thus often have to be scrapped after and relatively moderate number of re-grindings.
  • For use particularly but not exclusively in the punching of labels and similar printed matter items, it is the object of the invention to provide a punching apparatus wherein the above-mentioned disadvantages are remedied.
  • In order to accomplish this, a punching apparatus of the kind specified in the first paragraph of page 1 is, according to the invention, characterized in that said tubular member is manufactured from a sintered carbide alloy with an internal cavity in which at least the wall surfaces at the cutting edge are ground to smoothness and are perpendicular to the plane of the cutting edge.
  • With this design of the punching apparatus an almost unlimited number of re-grindings can in practice be effected with full retention of the accuracy of measurement of the cutting edge, and furthermore as a result of the die being made from a sintered carbide alloy an appreciable prolongation is obtained of the intervals between re-grinding relative to the prior art punching dies.
  • In a preferred embodiment of the invention said carbide alloy is a tungsten-cobalt alloy, which is ground on said wall surfaces to a surface roughness of Ra :0:;;; 0.1 pm.
  • The invention is based upon the recognition of the fact that in the manufacture of the punching die it is possible to grind the wall surfaces of the internal cavity which are perpendicular to the cutting edge to such a smoothness that a low friction is obtained which allows design of the internal cavity with a constant cross-section matching the punched items on a considerable portion of its length measured from the cutting edge.
  • In order to facilitate punching from a stack or a pile comprising a large number of individual items in one operation a preferred embodiment of the punching apparatus according to the invention is characterized in that said internal cavity comprises a portion adjacent said cutting edge the wall surfaces of which match the shape of said items and a succeeding portion having increased cross-sectional area.
  • In the following the invention will be further explained with reference to the accompanying drawings wherein
    • Figure 1 schematically shows an embodiment of a punching apparatus according to the invention;
    • Figure 2 is a longitudinal sectional view of a punching die in the embodiment shown in Figure 1; and
    • Figure 3 shows the punching die in Figure 2 viewed in the direction towards the cutting edge.
  • In a label punching apparatus as illustrated in Figure 1 the starting material is a stack or a pile 1 comprising a large number of usually rectangular sheet sections each having an individual label print. Such sheet sections which are not shown in the drawing have been produced in a preceding operation from a printed sheet comprising a large number of label prints positioned side by side by cutting said sheets along straight cutting lines.
  • The pile 1 in which each of the individual sheet sections carries a label print having a well-defined position relative to the cut edges of the sheet section is supplied by means of a guide member 2 onto a supporting plate in the form of a hydraulically or pneumatically operated pressure plate 3 positioned below the punching die 4 in parallel relationship to the plane comprising the cutting edge of the printing cutter.
  • By activation of the pressure plate 3 for movement in the direction towards the punching die 4 the individual label items on the sheet sections in the pile 1 are cut, and the cut label items are pressed through the internal cavity of the punching die.
  • In order to remove the remaining cut-away portions of the sheet sections in the pile 1 a cutting knife 5 is provided in a manner known per se in connection with the cutting edge of the punching die 4.
  • As more clearly apparent from Figures 2 and 3 the punching die designated as a whole by 4 comprises a mainly tubular member 6 one end of which is shaped as a plane circumferential cutting edge 7 corresponding to the form of the label items to be punched. The tubular member 6 is manufactured from a sintered carbide alloy for which a tungsten-cobalt alloy is preferred, most preferably an alloy containing substantially 90 percent tungsten carbide and 10 percent cobalt.
  • According to the invention the tubular member 6 is manufactured with an internal cavity the wall surface 8 of which an ground to smoothness, preferably to a sourface roughness Ra < 01 Ilm and are perpendicular to the plane of the cutting edge, whereas the required sharpness of the cutting edge is provided solely by grinding on the external side of the tubular member 6.
  • The grinding of the cutting edge 7 may be performed, for example, by means of a grinding machine which produces circumferential grinding in a kind of facets 9a and 9b as shown in Figure 2, of which at least the facet 9a closest to the cutting edge is ground hollow for obtaining a prescribed cutting angle at the cutting edge 7.
  • For use in punching of labels and similar printed matter items the cutting angle will preferably have to be 5° to 10°, e.g. 7°.
  • In the embodiment shown the internal cavity of the tubular member 6 comprises a portion adjacent the cutting edge 7 having ground wall surfaces matching exactly the shape of the items to be punched and a succeeding portion 10 having an increased cross-sectional area, in which the wall surfaces need not be ground to smoothness. By means of this design punching from stacks or piles 1 comprising a large number of sheet sections is made possible.
  • The punching die may be manufactured from a work piece of the sintered carbide alloy in a manner known per se by grinding the wall surfaces 8 of the internal cavity of the tubular member 6 into the desired label shape, e.g. as shown in Figure 3, by means of a numerically controlled grinding machine and subsequent grinding of the cutting edge 7 on the external side of the tubular member 6.

Claims (7)

1. A punching apparatus for punching items having curved or arched edges from sheet material, particularly labels and similar printed matter items, in a large number of pieces by a single working operation, comprising means (3) for supporting a stack (1) of a large number of sheet sections each containing one of said items, and a punching die arranged above said supporting means, said supporting means and said punching die being movable relative to one another, said punching die having the form of a mainly tubular member (6) one end of which is shaped to form a plane circumferential cutting edge (7) corresponding to the form of said items, grinding of the cutting edge (7) to a prescribed sharpness and cutting angle having been performed solely on the external side of the tubular member (6), characterized in that the tubular member (6) is manufactured from a sintered carbide alloy with an internal cavity in which at least the wall surfaces (8) at the cutting edge (7) are ground to smoothness and are perpendicular to the plane of the cutting edge (7).
2. A punching apparatus as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that said carbide alloy is a tungsten-carbide-cobalt alloy which on said wall surfaces has been ground to a surface roughness Ra :::::; 0.1 pm.
3. A punching apparatus as claimed in claim 2, characterized in that said alloy comprises substantially 90 percent of tungsten carbide and 10 percent cobalt.
4. A punching apparatus as claimed in any of claims 1, 2 or 3, characterized in that said internal cavity comprises a portion adjacent said cutting edge, the wall surfaces (8) of which match the shape of said items and a succeeding portion (10) having increased cross-sectional area.
5. A punching apparatus as claimed in any of claims 1 to 4, characterized in that the external side of the tubular member (6) at the cutting edge (7) is ground to a cutting angle of 5° to 10°.
6. A punching apparatus as claimed in claim 5, characterized in that the grinding at the cutting edge is performed in a number of circumferential adjacent facet-like ground surfaces (9a, 9b).
7. A punching apparatus as claimed in claim 6, characterized in that at least the ground surface (9a) adjacent the cutting edge (7) is ground hollow.
EP19820901962 1981-07-10 1982-06-14 A punching apparatus, particularly for punching labels and similar printed matter items Expired EP0085057B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DK3071/81 1981-07-10
DK307181A DK149424C (en) 1981-07-10 1981-07-10 Punching for punching items with curved or arched edges from sheet material, particularly labels and similar printed matter items

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
AT82901962T AT15618T (en) 1981-07-10 1982-06-14 Punching device in particular for punching of labels and other printed products.

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0085057A1 true EP0085057A1 (en) 1983-08-10
EP0085057B1 true EP0085057B1 (en) 1985-09-18

Family

ID=8118752

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP19820901962 Expired EP0085057B1 (en) 1981-07-10 1982-06-14 A punching apparatus, particularly for punching labels and similar printed matter items

Country Status (4)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0085057B1 (en)
DE (1) DE3266359D1 (en)
DK (1) DK149424C (en)
WO (1) WO1983000112A1 (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102007041799A1 (en) * 2007-08-30 2009-03-05 Volkswagen Ag Cutting tool for separating and perforating semi-finished products/metal sheets has a cutting body fastened on a main body so as to be exchangeable

Families Citing this family (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0218069A1 (en) * 1985-09-19 1987-04-15 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Laser light welding process
US4958625A (en) * 1989-07-18 1990-09-25 Boston Scientific Corporation Biopsy needle instrument
USRE34056E (en) * 1989-07-31 1992-09-08 C.R. Bard, Inc. Tissue sampling device
US5048538A (en) * 1989-11-27 1991-09-17 Vance Products Incorporated Biopsy instrument
US5284156A (en) * 1991-08-30 1994-02-08 M3 Systems, Inc. Automatic tissue sampling apparatus
US5538010A (en) * 1994-10-05 1996-07-23 Proact Ltd. Biopsy needle device
DE29922281U1 (en) * 1999-12-20 2001-05-31 Essmann & Schaefer Cutting and scoring tool
EP2159013A1 (en) * 2008-08-25 2010-03-03 Essmann + Schaefer GmbH + Co. KG Cutting and scoring tool and method for its production
US9079325B2 (en) * 2011-07-15 2015-07-14 Ellison Educational Equipment, Inc. Chemical-etched die having improved registration means

Family Cites Families (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE221365C (en) *
US1922614A (en) * 1931-10-08 1933-08-15 Charles T Bradshaw Punch
GB725741A (en) * 1953-05-18 1955-03-09 Ward F D Ltd An improved press knife
GB759528A (en) * 1954-01-13 1956-10-17 Alan Ernest Wilson Improvements relating to press knives
DE1157466B (en) * 1961-12-22 1963-11-14 Hermann Bansbach A cutting tool for cutting stacked thin sheets
DE2142234A1 (en) * 1971-08-24 1973-03-22 Fauth Fa Emil punching tool

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102007041799A1 (en) * 2007-08-30 2009-03-05 Volkswagen Ag Cutting tool for separating and perforating semi-finished products/metal sheets has a cutting body fastened on a main body so as to be exchangeable

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
EP0085057A1 (en) 1983-08-10 application
DK307181A (en) 1983-01-11 application
WO1983000112A1 (en) 1983-01-20 application
DK149424C (en) 1986-11-17 grant
DK149424B (en) 1986-06-09 grant
DE3266359D1 (en) 1985-10-24 grant

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