EP0059151A1 - Built-in wood burning heating device with visible fire - Google Patents

Built-in wood burning heating device with visible fire Download PDF

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Publication number
EP0059151A1
EP0059151A1 EP19820400313 EP82400313A EP0059151A1 EP 0059151 A1 EP0059151 A1 EP 0059151A1 EP 19820400313 EP19820400313 EP 19820400313 EP 82400313 A EP82400313 A EP 82400313A EP 0059151 A1 EP0059151 A1 EP 0059151A1
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EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
wood
appliance
appliance according
hearth
box
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Granted
Application number
EP19820400313
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German (de)
French (fr)
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EP0059151B1 (en
Inventor
Pierre Chotard
Original Assignee
Pierre Chotard
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Priority to FR8103579 priority Critical
Priority to FR8103579A priority patent/FR2500588B1/fr
Application filed by Pierre Chotard filed Critical Pierre Chotard
Publication of EP0059151A1 publication Critical patent/EP0059151A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP0059151B1 publication Critical patent/EP0059151B1/en
Expired legal-status Critical Current

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24BDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES FOR SOLID FUELS; IMPLEMENTS FOR USE IN CONNECTION WITH STOVES OR RANGES
    • F24B1/00Stoves or ranges
    • F24B1/18Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces
    • F24B1/191Component parts; Accessories
    • F24B1/192Doors; Screens; Fuel guards
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24BDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES FOR SOLID FUELS; IMPLEMENTS FOR USE IN CONNECTION WITH STOVES OR RANGES
    • F24B1/00Stoves or ranges
    • F24B1/18Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24BDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES FOR SOLID FUELS; IMPLEMENTS FOR USE IN CONNECTION WITH STOVES OR RANGES
    • F24B1/00Stoves or ranges
    • F24B1/18Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces
    • F24B1/185Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces with air-handling means, heat exchange means, or additional provisions for convection heating ; Controlling combustion
    • F24B1/188Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces with air-handling means, heat exchange means, or additional provisions for convection heating ; Controlling combustion characterised by use of heat exchange means , e.g. using a particular heat exchange medium, e.g. oil, gas  
    • F24B1/1885Stoves with open fires, e.g. fireplaces with air-handling means, heat exchange means, or additional provisions for convection heating ; Controlling combustion characterised by use of heat exchange means , e.g. using a particular heat exchange medium, e.g. oil, gas   the heat exchange medium being air only

Abstract

1. Heating System which burns wood with hearth of a type made up of a metal casing (1) with a double wall (8) so that heat can be reused. The doors (13) are made of transluscent material with "avaloir" (2) located at the top end of the hearth and flame deflector (3) located in front of the flue (6), a base in the lower part of the basket (16) and ash collector (17) as well as a sliding door (18) used to regulate the draught characteristic of this apparatus is that there is no superstructure, that the exhaust of the funics is done through the upper part at the rear end and that the flame deflector (3) is located at the base of the flue at a closed angle it joins the vertical parts of the heating system and leaves a gap between the top of the casing and a or the sides of the plates forming the "avaloir", inclined toward the outside so that the space in front of the "manchon" of the fume deflector (6), the top of the casing, the sides of the "avaloir" (2), make a decompression volume (5), from which are extracted the fumes from the hearth, the section of the fumes conduct being equal or higher than 200 cm**2 (7) the walls of the casing are lined which refractory fire bricks which store the heat to give it off to the convection air at the bottom of the apparatus through a box with regulator flowing (11) into a double metallic wall through chicanes (9) which has the effect of enlarging the surface for heat exchange.

Description

La présente invention se réfère à un appareil de chauffage à bois à foyer apparent,encastrable,sans superstructuro(fig.1)et ayant l'apparence d'une cheminée,fonctionnant à foyer ouvert ou fermé et pouvant s'adapter à toutes les .sortes de conduits de fumée à partir de 200 cm2 de section;spécialement étudier pour être encastré il est particulièrement conçu pour equiper les appartements munis de conduits de fumée collectifs à raccordement individuel(type "SCHUNT" ).The present invention relates to a wood-burning appliance with an apparent hearth, built-in, without superstructuro (fig. 1) and having the appearance of a chimney, operating with open or closed hearth and being able to adapt to all. kinds of smoke pipes from 200 cm2 section, specially designed to be built-in it is specially designed to equip apartments with collective smoke pipes with individual connection ("SCHUNT" type).

S'il existe sur le marché des poêle-cheminées à foyer apparent,ce sont généralement des appareils de grandes dimensions dont le foyer n'est que partiellement visible et dont l'infrastructure exige un habillage spécifique de la partie supérieure(hotte)l'evacuation des fumées se faisant toujours verticalement.If there are fireplaces with apparent hearths on the market, they are generally large devices whose hearth is only partially visible and whose infrastructure requires a specific covering of the upper part (hood). smoke evacuation always done vertically.

i De même,il existe sur le marché des poêle-cheminées munis de générateurs à air chaud ils sont munis de bouches de chaleur encastrées dans les habillages verticaux et provoquent inévitablement des salissures et s'ils sont équipés de panneaux en matériaux transparent ces derniers sont sertis dans des cadres métalliques peu esthétiques qui dissimulent en partie le foyer qui n'apparait alors que derrière des chassis.Ce mode de conception a également l'inconvénient de apparaitre des dépots de goudron opacifiant sur les parties transparentes.i Similarly, there are fireplaces on the market fitted with hot air generators, they are fitted with heat vents embedded in the vertical linings and inevitably cause soiling and if they are fitted with panels made of transparent materials these are set in unattractive metal frames that partially conceal the hearth, which only appears behind frames. This design method also has the disadvantage of appearing deposits of clouding tar on the transparent parts.

La présente invention vise au contraire à permettre d'installer un appareil de chauffage à bois de petites dimension dont le foyer est largement apparent.Cet appareil suivant l'invention est interressant dans le cas des appartements en ce qu'il se présente sous la forme d'un boitier encastrable,sans superstructures ouvert selon les modèles sur un,deux ou trois cotés et qu'il se branche sur tous les types de conduits de fumée y compis le "type SCHUNT".The present invention aims, on the contrary, to allow the installation of a small-sized wood-burning appliance, the hearth of which is largely apparent. of a built-in box, without superstructures open according to the models on one, two or three sides and that it plugs into all types of flues including the "SCHUNT type".

La position particulière de l'avaloir(2) situé à l'intérieur même du foyer dans sa partie supérieur permet ces avantages en ce que les fumées sont évacuées par la partie antérieur de l'appareil évitant ainsi les superstructures,toute fois elles peuvent aussi être évacuées par la partie supérieur.The particular position of the drain (2) located inside the hearth in its upper part allows these advantages in that the fumes are evacuated by the front part of the device thus avoiding the superstructures, however they can also be evacuated by the upper part.

Le principe de fonctionnement(voir fig.2)est que les fumées sont aspirées par lacombinaison di un effet de suçion par des- pressions(système de venturi)créer par un rétrécissement entre le déflecteur de flamme(3)et le caisson métallique(l'(l'ensemble forme avec l'avaloir(2)une cage de surchauffe des gaz(5) dans la partie antérieur ou débouche le manchon d'évacuation(6). des fumées et crée ainsi un syphon thermique tel que lorsque l'appareil est chaud il peut fonctionner portes ouvertes sur des conduits de fumées n'exédant pas 200cm2 de section per- metant ainsi un surcroît de chauffage par rayonnement.The principle of operation (see Fig.2) is that the fumes are sucked by lacombinaison d i a Motorized Suction effect by des- pressure (venturi system) creating a narrowing between the flame deflector (3) and the metal box ( the (the assembly forms with the drain (2) a gas overheating cage (5) in the front part or opens the evacuation sleeve (6). fumes and thus creates a thermal siphon such that when the appliance is hot it can operate with the doors open on flue pipes not exceeding 200cm2 in cross-section thus allowing additional heating by radiation.

Lorsque l'appareil fonctionne portes fermées(foyer fermé) le positionnement de l'avaloir inférieur(2) qui forme un angle de 20° avec les portes en matériaux transparents(13) (voir figure 3) et l'espace périphérique menagé autour des portes dont le volume n'exède pas le tirage minimum pour un foyer fermé,favorisent un courant d'air le long des portes(20) qui repousse les fumées évitant ainsi le dépôt des goudrons, le dessin en annexe donné à titre d'exemple permettra de mieux comprendre.cette idée et les caractéristiques qu'elle présente.When the appliance is operating with the doors closed (fireplace closed), position the lower drain (2) which forms an angle of 20 ° with the doors made of transparent materials (13) (see Figure 3) and the peripheral space provided around the doors whose volume does not exceed the minimum draft for a closed hearth, favor a draft along the doors (20) which repels fumes thus avoiding the deposit of tars, the drawing in appendix given by way of example will allow a better understanding of this idea and the characteristics it presents.

Les portes en matériaux transparents sont fixées sur des charniéres à pression(14)sur coussinets del"BAKELITE"(21) ne necéssitant ni-perforation ni cadre métallique,cela les rend peu perceptibles et n'entrave pas la bonne vision du foyer qui dans le cas de l'ouverture sur deux cotés décuple cette visibilité .The doors in transparent materials are fixed on pressure hinges (14) on "BAKELITE" pads (21) requiring neither perforation nor metal frame, this makes them not very noticeable and does not hamper the good vision of the hearth which in the case of opening on two sides increases this visibility tenfold.

Le caisson métallique(1)qui constitue l'appareil est doublé à l'intérieur d'un parement en briques réfractaires(7) qui emmagasine la chaleur et qui la réstitue à l'air circulant autour de l'appareil dans une double cloison(d)qui à pour effet d'une part d'isoler l'appareil des matériaux avoisin- nant et d'autre part de réchauffer l'air ambiant;la circulation d'air(10)se fait de bas en haut,l'air ambiant est aspiré à la base de l'appareil par un boitier de ventillation(11) puis circule autour du foyer à travers des chicannes(9)celles-ci ayant pour effet d'augmenter la surface des échanges thermiques,l'air ainsi réchauffé ressort dans la partie haute de l'appareil(12) entre l'avaloir inférieur et le parement en laiton(19) qui forme couvre-joint avec les divers élèments encastrants; l'avantage aquit avec ce système de reget d'air chaud est qu'il se répartit mieux dans l'air ambiant sans risquer de salire les surfaces verticales.The metal box (1) which constitutes the device is lined inside with a refractory brick facing (7) which stores the heat and which releases it to the air circulating around the device in a double partition ( d) which has the effect on the one hand of isolating the apparatus from the neighboring materials and on the other hand of heating the ambient air; the air circulation (10) is done from bottom to top, the ambient air is sucked in at the base of the device by a ventilation unit (11) then circulates around the hearth through chicannes (9), these having the effect of increasing the surface of the heat exchanges, the air thus reheated spring in the upper part of the appliance (12) between the lower drain and the brass facing (19) which forms a joint cover with the various recessed elements; The advantage with this hot air reget system is that it distributes better in the ambient air without risking dirtying the vertical surfaces.

Dans sa partie basse l'appareil est constitué d'un socle(15) dont la hauteur peut être variable,dans lequel s'inscrit un cendrier(17) et une grille foyére(16)destinée à retenir les bûches,ainsi qu'une porte coulissante (18) servant au réglage du tirage .In its lower part, the device consists of a base (15), the height of which can be variable, in which an ashtray (17) and a hearth grid (16) intended to hold the logs are inscribed, as well as a sliding door (18) for adjusting the draft.

Dans certains cas l'appareil sera équipé d'accessoires particuliers tel que:Grillies de cuisson qui viendra en recouvrement de la grille à bûche(16) fixée par deux charnières en arrière de celles-ci ou d'une grille à braises fixée do la même façon destinée à retenir les braises verticalement le long du parement en briques(7) sur la face antérieure de l'appareil.Un jeu de deux ou trois tourne broches monté sur une vis sans fin et actionné par un moteur mécanique ou élèc- trique pourra également être installé dans sa partie avant de l'avaloir(2) juste en avant du déflecteur de flamme(3).In some cases the appliance will be fitted with special accessories such as: Cooking grills which will cover the log grate (16) fixed by two hinges behind them or an ember grid fixed to the same way to hold the embers vertically along the brick facing (7) on the front of the device. A set of two or three spindles mounted on a worm screw and actuated by a mechanical or electric motor can also be installed in its front part of the drain (2) just in front of the flame deflector (3).

Le socle situé en bas de l'appareil(15) pourra également être plus important en hauteur et muni d'une porte abattante permettant d'utiliser ce volume en four de cuisson.The base located at the bottom of the appliance (15) could also be higher in height and provided with a drop-down door allowing this volume to be used in a baking oven.

Claims (10)

1. Appareil de chauffage à bois à foyer apparant caractérisé en ce qu'il est constitué d'un caisson métallique encastrable(1) sans superstructure,pouvant fonctionner à foyer ouvert ou fermé sur des conduits de fumée n'exedant pas 200 cm2 de section.L'appareil est muni d'un avaloir(2) situé dans la partie haute du caisson(1),ilforme avec la plaque déflecteur dé flamme(3) un étranglement(4) dans sa partie supérieure et une cage de réchauffement des gaz(5) dans sa partie antérieure dans laquelle débouche le manchon d'évacuation des fumées(6). L'intérieur du caisson(1) est doublé d' une paroie en brique réfractaire(7),l'extérieur du caisson(1) est doublé d'une double cloison(8) munie de chicanes(9) laissant un passage d'air(10).L'entrée d'air se fait par un manchon muni d'un boitier réglable(11) situé en bas de l'appareil.L'évacuation de l'air chaud se fait dans la partie haute de l'appareil par un espace(12).L'appareil est muni sur deux faces de portes en matériaux transparents(13) fixées sur des charnières à pression(14).Dans sa partie basse l'appareil est constitué d'un socle(15) muni d'une grille à bùche(16) et d'un cendrier(17) ainsi que d'une porte coulissante(18) servant au réglage du tirage..1. Apparent wood-fired heating appliance, characterized in that it consists of a built-in metal box (1) without superstructure, capable of operating with open or closed hearth on flues not exceeding 200 cm2 in cross-section .The device is provided with a drain (2) located in the upper part of the box (1), it forms with the flame deflector plate (3) a throttle (4) in its upper part and a gas heating cage (5) in its front part into which the smoke evacuation sleeve (6) opens. The inside of the box (1) is lined with a refractory brick wall (7), the outside of the box (1) is lined with a double partition (8) provided with baffles (9) leaving a passage for The air intake is made by a sleeve fitted with an adjustable box (11) located at the bottom of the appliance. The hot air is evacuated in the upper part of the device by a space (12). The device is provided on two sides with doors in transparent materials (13) fixed on pressure hinges (14). In its lower part the device consists of a base (15) fitted with a log grate (16) and an ashtray (17) as well as a sliding door (18) used for adjusting the draft. 2 .L'appareil de chaffage à bois suivant la revendication 1 est caractérisé en ce que le manchon d'évacuation des fumées (6) est situé à l'arrière de l'appareil,cette position peut être modifié et placée dans la partie supérieure sans changer le système de fonctionnement qui permet toujours un bon tirage sur des conduits n'exedant pas 200cm2 de section lorsque l'appareil est chaud et à foyer ouvert,ceci grâce aupôgition- nement de l'avaloir(2) et du déflecteur(3) qui en créant un effet de succion accélèrent l'évacuation des fumées;cette modification ne nuit pas au caractère encastrable et transportable de l'appareil.2. The wood burning appliance according to claim 1 is characterized in that the smoke evacuation sleeve (6) is located at the rear of the appliance, this position can be changed and placed in the upper part without changing the operating system which always allows a good draft on conduits not exceeding 200cm2 in cross-section when the appliance is hot and with an open hearth, this thanks to the popularity of the outlet (2) and the deflector (3 ) which by creating a suction effect accelerate the evacuation of smoke; this modification does not harm the built-in and transportable nature of the appliance. 3.L'appareil de chauffage suivant les revendications 1 et 2 est caractérisé en ce que la sortie d'air chaud est situé dans un espace réservé entre l'avaloir(2) et la double cloison(8) et que l'air chaud est dévoyé vers le bas par un cadre en laiton(19) favorisant ainsi une meilleure dispertion de la chaleur tout en évitant les salissures(FIG.4).3.The heating appliance according to claims 1 and 2 is characterized in that the hot air outlet is located in a space reserved between the drain (2) and the double partition (8) and that the hot air is deflected downwards by a brass frame (19) thus promoting better heat dissipation while avoiding soiling (FIG. 4). 4.Lappareil de chaffage à bois suivant l'une quelconque des revendications qui précècent est caractérisé en ce les portes en matériaux transparents sont protégées des dépots de goudrons par un espace d'air périphérique(20) refoulant les fumées,ces porets peuvent être suivant les modèles au nombre de un,deux ou trois.(FIG.3)4.The wood burning appliance according to any one of the preceding claims is characterized in that the doors made of transparent materials are protected from tar deposits by a peripheral air space (20) discharging the fumes, these porets can be according to one, two or three models (FIG.3) 5.L·appareil de chauffage à bois suivant l'une quelconque des revendications qui précèdent est carctérisé en ce que la circulation d'air autour de l'appareil se fait à travers des chicanes de façon à augmenter la surface des échanges thermiques.5.L · wood heating appliance according to any one of the preceding claims is characterized in that the air circulation around the appliance is done through baffles so as to increase the surface of the heat exchanges. 6.L'appareil de chauffage à bois suivant l'une quelconque des revendications qui précèdent est caractérisé en ce que les porte en matériaux transparents sont fixées sur des charnières à pression,montées sur coussinets en"'BAKELITE"(21) ne nécéssi- tant ni cadre metallique,ni perforation.(FIG.5)6.The wood-burning appliance according to any one of the preceding claims is characterized in that the doors made of transparent materials are fixed to pressure hinges, mounted on bearings made of "BAKELITE" (21) which are not required. as long as neither metal frame nor perforation. (FIG.5) 7.L'appareil de chauffage à bois suivant l'une quelconque des revendications qui précèdent est caractérisé par la double cloison à circulation d'air qui constitue un isolant thermique justifiant le caractère encastrable de l' apparei.l7.The wood-burning appliance according to any one of the preceding claims is characterized by the double air circulation partition which constitutes a thermal insulator justifying the built-in nature of the appliance. 8.L'appareil de chauffage à bois suivant l'une quelconque des revendications qui précèdent est caractérisé par le couvre joint en laiton qui sert de déflecteur d'air chaud et qui constitue un élément de liaison avec les parties encastrantes.8.The wood heating appliance according to any one of the preceding claims is characterized by the brass joint cover which serves as a deflector of hot air and which constitutes a connecting element with the embedding parts. 9.L'appareil de chauffage à bois suivant l'une quelconque des revendications qui précèdent est caractérisé en ce que le socle dans lequel est situé le cendrier(17) et la grille fo- yère (16) peut être surélevé et aménagé en four.9.The wood-burning appliance according to any one of the preceding claims is characterized in that the base in which the ashtray (17) and the grate oven (16) is located can be raised and fitted out in an oven. . 10.L'appareil de chauffage à bois suivant l'une quelconque desrevendications qui précèdent,destiné à permettre une cuisson, est équipé de tourne broches verticaux,de grilles de cuisson et de grille à braises.10.The wood-burning appliance according to any one of the preceding claims, intended to allow cooking, is equipped with vertical spindles, cooking grates and ember grate.
EP19820400313 1981-02-24 1982-02-23 Built-in wood burning heating device with visible fire Expired EP0059151B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR8103579 1981-02-24
FR8103579A FR2500588B1 (en) 1981-02-24 1981-02-24

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0059151A1 true EP0059151A1 (en) 1982-09-01
EP0059151B1 EP0059151B1 (en) 1986-07-09

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EP19820400313 Expired EP0059151B1 (en) 1981-02-24 1982-02-23 Built-in wood burning heating device with visible fire

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EP (1) EP0059151B1 (en)
DE (1) DE3271914D1 (en)
FR (1) FR2500588B1 (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2149498A (en) * 1983-10-18 1985-06-12 Thomas Mclaughlin Fireplace lining
CN103017204A (en) * 2013-01-06 2013-04-03 罗子焱 Efficient and low-emission gap type secondary air intake biomass furnace
EP3296642A1 (en) * 2016-09-19 2018-03-21 Ulrich Brunner GmbH Open fireplace with an air supply device
EP3457032A1 (en) * 2017-09-19 2019-03-20 PLEWA SchornsteinTechnik und HeizSysteme GmbH Device for operating a fireplace for domestic use

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB191306293A (en) * 1913-03-13 1914-03-13 Charles William Massey Improvements in and relating to Domestic Fireplaces and the like.
US2703567A (en) * 1953-08-17 1955-03-08 John A Manchester Fireplace stove
US3616788A (en) * 1969-12-22 1971-11-02 Harold W Hannebaum Heating unit having transparent window
US4060068A (en) * 1975-11-28 1977-11-29 Fireplace Corporation Of America Air cooled freestanding fireplace
US4095581A (en) * 1975-08-14 1978-06-20 Preway Inc. Fireplace construction
WO1980001409A1 (en) * 1979-01-04 1980-07-10 Smoky Mountain Ets Three wall forced air heating unit
US4230092A (en) * 1978-04-17 1980-10-28 Joseph Henriques Method and apparatus for improvements in convective heating

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB191306293A (en) * 1913-03-13 1914-03-13 Charles William Massey Improvements in and relating to Domestic Fireplaces and the like.
US2703567A (en) * 1953-08-17 1955-03-08 John A Manchester Fireplace stove
US3616788A (en) * 1969-12-22 1971-11-02 Harold W Hannebaum Heating unit having transparent window
US4095581A (en) * 1975-08-14 1978-06-20 Preway Inc. Fireplace construction
US4060068A (en) * 1975-11-28 1977-11-29 Fireplace Corporation Of America Air cooled freestanding fireplace
US4230092A (en) * 1978-04-17 1980-10-28 Joseph Henriques Method and apparatus for improvements in convective heating
WO1980001409A1 (en) * 1979-01-04 1980-07-10 Smoky Mountain Ets Three wall forced air heating unit

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2149498A (en) * 1983-10-18 1985-06-12 Thomas Mclaughlin Fireplace lining
CN103017204A (en) * 2013-01-06 2013-04-03 罗子焱 Efficient and low-emission gap type secondary air intake biomass furnace
EP3296642A1 (en) * 2016-09-19 2018-03-21 Ulrich Brunner GmbH Open fireplace with an air supply device
EP3457032A1 (en) * 2017-09-19 2019-03-20 PLEWA SchornsteinTechnik und HeizSysteme GmbH Device for operating a fireplace for domestic use

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
DE3271914D1 (en) 1986-08-14
FR2500588A1 (en) 1982-08-27
FR2500588B1 (en) 1983-04-01
EP0059151B1 (en) 1986-07-09

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