EP0043835A1 - Denture cleaning. - Google Patents

Denture cleaning.

Info

Publication number
EP0043835A1
EP0043835A1 EP19810900395 EP81900395A EP0043835A1 EP 0043835 A1 EP0043835 A1 EP 0043835A1 EP 19810900395 EP19810900395 EP 19810900395 EP 81900395 A EP81900395 A EP 81900395A EP 0043835 A1 EP0043835 A1 EP 0043835A1
Authority
EP
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
water
percent
dentures
weight
citric acid
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
EP19810900395
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP0043835A4 (en )
EP0043835B1 (en )
Inventor
Robert L Ibsen
William Richard Glace
William Roy Reed
Original Assignee
Den-Mat Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61CDENTISTRY; APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR ORAL OR DENTAL HYGIENE
    • A61C17/00Devices for cleaning, polishing, rinsing or drying teeth, teeth cavities or prostheses; Saliva removers; Dental appliances for receiving spittle
    • A61C17/036Cleaning devices for dental prostheses removed from the oral cavity
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/04Cleaning involving contact with liquid
    • B08B3/08Cleaning involving contact with liquid the liquid having chemical or dissolving effect
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C11ANIMAL AND VEGETABLE OILS, FATS, FATTY SUBSTANCES AND WAXES; FATTY ACIDS THEREFROM; DETERGENTS; CANDLES
    • C11DDETERGENT COMPOSITIONS; USE OF SINGLE SUBSTANCES AS DETERGENTS; SOAP OR SOAP-MAKING; RESIN SOAPS; RECOVERY OF GLYCEROL
    • C11D3/00Other compounding ingredients of detergent compositions covered in group C11D1/00
    • C11D3/16Organic compounds
    • C11D3/20Organic compounds containing oxygen
    • C11D3/2075Carboxylic acids-salts thereof
    • C11D3/2086Hydroxy carboxylic acids-salts thereof

Abstract

On peut proceder au nettoyage de dentiers en plongeant ceux-ci pendant quatre a trente minutes dans une solution aqueuse a 7-8% en poids d'acide citrique. One can proceed in denture cleansing by immersing them for four to thirty minutes in an aqueous solution is 7-8% by weight of citric acid. La solution peut aussi contenir un agent de mouillage approprie, un bactericide-mycocide, et un alcool isopropylique. The solution may also contain a suitable wetting agent, a bactericide-mycocide, and isopropyl alcohol.

Description

DENTURE CLEANING

S P E C E F I C A T I O N

This invention relates to a method and a composition for cleaning dentures. Background of the Invention

While microbial plaque on the tissue surface of dentures has the same basic structure as plaque on natural teeth, the dentures of some patients exhibit a significantly higher concentration of bacteria. Apparently, yeasts are involved and there may be other microorganisms. Hence, routine denture cleaning should be effective in removing and preventing reaccumulation of microbial plaque and also in removing mucin, food debris, calculus and exogenous discoloration.

Proper hygienic care of removable dentures is important for maintaining a healthy oral mucosa in denture wearers. Denture cleanliness is often poor, because of improper mechanical cleansing and because of the relative inefficiency of most commercial products for chemical cleansing of dentures.

Currently, the most common type of routine denture cleansing, brushing with tap water, using either soap or toothpaste, can be effective, when practiced meticulously, in improving denture cleanliness and maintaining a healthy mucosa beneath removable dentures. However, denture cleanliness is reported to be generally poor, and denture wearers seem to be able to adjust more easily to wearing unclean dentures than they are to brushing properly.

Wear on dentures increases with the increasing diameter of the bristles and decreases with increasing length of the bristles. All powders and pastes increase the amount of wear on dentures. Products containing insoluble calcium carbonate, for example, are highly abrasive. There does not seem to be a direct relationship between the cleansing and polishing potential and the abrasive effect of a toothpaste on acrylic resin dentures. For example, toothpastes containing chloroform have been shown to cause severe denture wear, due to some solubility of acrylic resin in chloroform.

It has been hoped that efficient chemical denture cleansers could become important alternatives to mechanical cleansing, especially among geriatric or handicapped denture wearers. Yet, although many trade products are available to the general public, their effectiveness has not been proved conclusively.

The immersion-type chemical denture cleansers heretofore in use include alkaline peroxides (percarbonate perborate), alkaline hypochlorites, certain dilute acids, disinfectants, and enzymes.

Alkaline peroxide cleansers are the most commonly used denture cleansers. They include powders or tablets which become alkaline solutions of hydrogen peroxide when dissolved in water. This type of cleanser usually combines alkaline detergents, to reduce surface tension, and agents such as sodium perborate or percarbonate which release oxygen from the solution. The oxygen bubbles are supposed to exert a mechanical cleansing effect. Clinical studies on the effectiveness of peroxide cleansers have given varied results. They seem to be most effective on new plaque and stains when the denture is soaked in the chemical solution for several hours or overnight. These products are not effective when a 15-to 30-minute soaking period is used, even though some manufacturers recommend this short period. Also, there is evidence that peroxide cleansers when used for routine denture cleansing may cause bleaching of acrylic resin. Soft or resilient denture liners are very susceptible to the harmful effects of peroxide cleansers.

Hypochlorite cleansers, though effective with over night immersion, should be used only intermittently because of bleaching, e.g., once a week. Even then, hypochlorite may damage a cobalt-chromium or stainless steel base. Commercial cleansers based on hydrochloric acid are hazardous. Dilute acetic acid and similar acids may be used to dissolve calculus by overnight immersion, but should be used only at weekly or biweekly intervals because they are corrosive.

Cleansers capable of operating with only a 15-minute-or-less immersion period and light brushing and rinsing for daily maintenance, would be more readily accepted by patients than those requiring overnight immersion. However such products have not heretofore. been commercially available. It is important that such a solution cleanser not only maintain plaque-free dentures with a daily soaking period of less than 30-minutes (the shorter the better), but also that it not affect the color and surface luster of the denture acrylic resin. Summary of the Invention

This invention provides a denture cleanser that is effective in maintaining plaque-free dentures, when used as a diluted soaking solution daily for periods of only about four to thirty minutes, followed by very light brushing off and rinsing. Even the toughest calcium deposits, plaque, tartar, and stains may be cleaned from dentures within about twenty minutes with rubbing with gauze containing undiluted cleanser. Four minutes suffices for normal cleaning maintenance.

This new cleanser basically relies on dilute citric acid. In addition, it preferably employs a wetting agent and a bacterial agent or bacteristat, preferably one which is also a mycostat or mycocide, such as methyl paraben and similar materials. To improve aqueous solubility, of the citric acid isopropyl alcohol may be used. Isopropyl alcohol not only prevents precipitation of the citric acid during storage and at low temperatures, it also improves the cleaning action. Detailed Description of the Invention

The invention is preferably prepared as a concentrate to be diluted upon use. The concentrate employs citric acid at about 30% in aqueous solution, with or without isopropyl alcohol to enhance the solubility. Dilution is normally at about 4 to 1, with water, and the soaking period need last only about four to thirty minutes, depending on how bad the stains are. When used daily at the beginning of use of a new denture, four or five minutes soaking in freshly diluted solution are adequate.

Typical ranges of the concentrate are as follows: Water 40 to 70%

Citric Acid 28 to 32% Wetting Agent 2.5 to 7.5% Isopropyl Alcohol 7 to 10% Bactericide Enough to be effective Food Coloring 0.04%

The formulation is, in some instances, used full strength, and in other instances is diluted up to about a 4:1 dilution (four parts water to one of concentrate).

A preferred bactericide +mycocide is methyl paraben (p-hydroxybenzoic acid, methyl ester) which is preferably used at a concentration of about 0.20% in the above concentrate, yielding 0.05% in the diluted cleaner. It can be used in a range of 0.25% to 0.10% in the concentrate as shown below. Some typical bacterio-myco stats and cides and their concentrations are as follows, though others may be used:

Preferred Concentration in conFlange in

Material centrate Concentrate

Methyl paraben 0.20% 0. 10 - 0 . 25% Rose bengal 0.02% 0. 06 - 0 . 01% Malachite green 0.02% 0. 06 — 0 . 01% Captan 0.25% 0. 50 - 0 . 10%

While some cleansers on the market have incorpo rated citric acid as a minor ingredient, apparently in order to react with sodium bicarbonate to produce effervescence, none has used citric acid in the concentrations used here. For example, when the present concentrate is diluted at 4 to 1, the pH is about 1.9, whereas a prime-art effervescing denture cleaner containing citric acid, when diluted as recommended by the manufacturer, produces a pH of about 5.8. The following examples have all been found operative: Example 1.

Ingredient Parts by Weight

Water 53.37

Citric Acid 31.70

Sodium lauryl sulfate 6.0

Isopropyl alcohol 8.69 Methyl paraben 0.20

Food Coloring (e.g.

Schilling) 0.04

Example 2.

Ingredient Parts by Weight

Water 54.91

Citric Acid 31.80

Dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate 4.56

Isopropyl alcohol 8.69

Blue Food Coloring

(e.g. Schilling) 0.04

Example 3.

Ingredient Parts by Weiaht

Water 67.96

Citric Acid 29.13

Sodium lauryl sulfate 2.91

Example 4.

Insredient Parts by Weisht

Water 67.96

Citric Acid 29.13 Dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate 2.91

Example 5.

Insredient Parts bv Weisht

Water 67.96

Citric Acid 29.13

Alkyl phenoxy polyechoxy ethanol 2. 91

In all instances, these were diluted for use by water at four parts water to one of the concentrate. Each was found to be effective as scared above. The composition can be used full strength, or can be diluted with water from about 1 to 1 to about 4 parts of water to 1 part of the concentrate.

If prepared directly as a dilute solution, the cleaner needs no isopropyl alcohol and the concentration of citric acid will be about 7%, to about 8%. The concentration of the wetting agent may be about 0.5%. to about 2.5%.

Normal maintenance requires only a daily soaking at the 1 to 4 dilution of the concentrate, preferably follow ed by light brushing and rinsing off in water. For badly stained dentures, they may be soaked in either, the full strength composition or in a 1:1 dilution thereof for six to eight hours a day for about a week, each time followed by scrubbing with gauze containing the undiluted composition and then rinsing. Once the dentures have thereby been restored to normal conditions, the daily use of four minute soaking in the dilute 1:4 solution in water, followed by a light brushing off any residue, and rinsing, is sufficient for maintenance.

To those skilled in the art to which this invention relates, many changes in construction and widely differing embodiments and applications of the invention will suggest themselves without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. The disclosures and the description herein are purely illustrative and are not intended to be in any sense limiting.

Claims

WE CLAIM
1. A method of cleaning dentures, comprising soaking them in an aqueous solution consisting essentially of water and from about six to about thirty-two percent by weight of citric acid for from four minutes to several hours, brushing them off, and rinsing them with water.
2. A method of cleansing dentures, comprising soaking them for from four minutes to about eight hours in a solution consisting essentially of water and from about six to about thirty-two percent by weight of citric acid, a wetting agent at about 0.4% to about 10%, and isopropyl alcohol up to about ten percent, brushing them off, and rinsing them with water.
3. A method of cleaning and at least partially sterilizing dentures comprising soaking the dentures for from four minutes to several hours in aqueous solution consisting essentially of water and by weight citric acid at about six to about thirty-two percent, isopropyl alcohol up to about ten percent, wetting agent at about 0.4% to about 10%, and a bactericide-mycocide at a small but an effective amount, brushing them off and rinsing them with water.
4. A method of cleaning dentures for daily maintenance, comprising soaking them in an aqueous solution consisting essentially of water and approximately six-to- eight percent by weight of citric acid for from four to thirty minutes, lightly brushing off any residue, and rinsing the dentures with water.
5. A method of cleaning dentures for daily maintenance, comprising daily soaking them for from four to thirty minutes in a solution consisting essentially of water and about six to about eight percent by weight of citric acid, a wetting agent at about 0.5%, to about 2.5%, and isopropyl alcohol at about seven to about ten percent, lightly brushing off any residue, and rinsing them off with water.
6. A method of cleaning and at least partially sterilizing dentures comprising daily soaking the dentures for from four to thirty minutes in aqueous solution consisting essentially of water and by weight citric acid at about six to about eight percent, isopropyl alcohol at about seven to about ten percent, wetting agent at about 0.5% to about 2.5%, and a bactericide-mycocide at a small but an effective amount, lightly brushing off any residue, and rinsing the dentures with water.
7. A method of cleaning badly stained dentures, comprising soaking them in an aqueous solution consisting essentially of water and approximately 32 to 14 percent by weight of citric acid from about six to about eight hours daily for several days, each time following the soaking by scrubbing them with the solution, and then rinsing them off with water.
8. A method of cleaning dentures, comprising soaking them for from about six to about eight hours in a solution consisting essentially of water and about fourteen to about thirty-two percent by weight of citric acid, a wetting agent at about 1% to about 10%, and isopropyl alcohol at about three to about ten percent.
9. A method of cleaning and at least partially sterilizing dentures comprising soaking the dentures for about six to about eight hours in aqueous solution containing by weight citric acid at about fourteen to about thirtytwo percent, Isopropyl alcohol at about three to about ten percent, wetting agent at about 1.0% to about 10%, and a bactericide-mycocide at a small but effective amount.
10. A denture cleaning solution consisting essentially of water, citric acid at about six to about thirty-two percent by weight, wetting agent at about 0.5% to about 2.5% by weight, and isopropyl alcohol at about seven to about ten percent.
11. The solution of claim 10 including a small but effective amount of bactericide-mycocide.
12. A denture cleaning solution consisting essentially of water, citric acid at about 6% to about 8% by weight, wetting agent at about 0.4% to about 2.5% by weight, and isopropyl alcohol up to about ten percent.
13. The solution of claim 12 including a small but effective amount of bactericide.
14. A concentrate for use as a denture cleanser, upon dilution by approximately four times its amount by weight of: citric acid 28% to 32% wetting agent 2.0% to 10%
Isopropyl alcohol 0.0% to 10% bactericide-mycocide effective amount, near minimum water remainder
15. The concentrate of claim 14 wherein said wetting agent is chosen from the group consisting of sodium lauryl sulfate, dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate, and alkyl phenoxy polyethoxy ethanol.
16. The concentrate of claim 14 wherein said bactericide is chosen from the groups consisting of:
Parts by Weight Methyl ester of p-hydroxybenzoic acid 0.10% to 0.25% Rose bengal 0.01% to 0.06%
Malachite green 0.01% to 0.06%
Captan 0.10% to 0.50%
17 . In the method of cleaning dentures wherein a denture is soaked in a cleansing solution, removed therefrom, scrubbed or brushed, and then rinsed, the improvement wherein said cleansing solution consists essentially of from about six to about 32 percent by weight citric acid, about 0.4% to about 10% of a wetting agent, and up to about 10% isopropyl alcohol.
EP19810900395 1980-01-14 1981-01-02 Denture cleaning Expired EP0043835B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US11199880 true 1980-01-14 1980-01-14
US111998 1993-08-25

Publications (3)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0043835A1 true true EP0043835A1 (en) 1982-01-20
EP0043835A4 true EP0043835A4 (en) 1983-02-16
EP0043835B1 EP0043835B1 (en) 1986-04-09

Family

ID=22341590

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP19810900395 Expired EP0043835B1 (en) 1980-01-14 1981-01-02 Denture cleaning

Country Status (4)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0043835B1 (en)
JP (1) JPH027291B2 (en)
CA (1) CA1172172A (en)
WO (1) WO1981001969A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4511486A (en) * 1981-11-02 1985-04-16 Richardson-Vicks Inc. Method of cleaning dentures using aerated foams
US4806173A (en) * 1987-01-05 1989-02-21 Toukan Sameeh S Method of cleaning dental appliances artificial dentures
DE3932641A1 (en) * 1989-09-29 1991-04-11 Boehringer Mannheim Gmbh cleaning solution
NL9101559A (en) * 1991-09-16 1993-04-16 Dentip Int Bv Use of organic acids, for cleaning dentures, as well as compositions containing such acids.
WO1993009213A1 (en) * 1991-11-07 1993-05-13 Gycor International Ltd. Nontoxic sanitizing cleaner

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1261316A (en) * 1969-05-29 1972-01-26 Colgate Palmolive Co Denture soak compositions
GB1292482A (en) * 1969-04-17 1972-10-11 Colgate Palmolive Co Denture soak tablets
GB1374105A (en) * 1970-12-03 1974-11-13 Scherico Ltd Effervescent compositions

Family Cites Families (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1516206A (en) * 1923-08-16 1924-11-18 Special Chemicals Company Tooth-cleaning preparation
US2201098A (en) * 1938-04-25 1940-05-14 Orville E Mckim Preparation for cleaning removable dentures
DE1617744A1 (en) * 1964-07-24 1970-09-10 Peter Strong & Co Inc Detergent for dentures
US3822212A (en) * 1971-11-03 1974-07-02 B Eddleman Cleansing of dentures
US3785986A (en) * 1972-06-28 1974-01-15 Fant Res Co Denture cleaner
US3957967A (en) * 1973-07-27 1976-05-18 Blendax-Werke R. Schneider & Co. Agent for the care and the cleaning of teeth and dentures
GB1514469A (en) * 1974-08-01 1978-06-14 Beecham Group Ltd Oral hygiene compositions
GB1534261A (en) * 1974-11-08 1978-11-29 Reckitt & Colmann Prod Ltd Cleaning composition
US4181621A (en) * 1975-07-08 1980-01-01 Blendax-Werke R. Schneider & Co. Cleaning agents for dentures
US4162172A (en) * 1977-02-08 1979-07-24 Dhp Corporation Method of removing dental cement from surfaces

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1292482A (en) * 1969-04-17 1972-10-11 Colgate Palmolive Co Denture soak tablets
GB1261316A (en) * 1969-05-29 1972-01-26 Colgate Palmolive Co Denture soak compositions
GB1374105A (en) * 1970-12-03 1974-11-13 Scherico Ltd Effervescent compositions

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
See also references of WO8101969A1 *

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
CA1172172A1 (en) grant
WO1981001969A1 (en) 1981-07-23 application
EP0043835A4 (en) 1983-02-16 application
JPS57500148A (en) 1982-01-28 application
JPH027291B2 (en) 1990-02-16 grant
EP0043835B1 (en) 1986-04-09 grant
CA1172172A (en) 1984-08-07 grant

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