EP0042876A1 - Method of producing fumes in model apparatus - Google Patents

Method of producing fumes in model apparatus Download PDF

Info

Publication number
EP0042876A1
EP0042876A1 EP80900888A EP80900888A EP0042876A1 EP 0042876 A1 EP0042876 A1 EP 0042876A1 EP 80900888 A EP80900888 A EP 80900888A EP 80900888 A EP80900888 A EP 80900888A EP 0042876 A1 EP0042876 A1 EP 0042876A1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
locomotive
smoke
fuming
exhausted
oil
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
EP80900888A
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Other versions
EP0042876A4 (en
EP0042876B1 (en
Inventor
Muneo Tamura
Original Assignee
TAMURA, Muneo
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to JP57929/79 priority Critical
Priority to JP5792979A priority patent/JPS55148583A/en
Application filed by TAMURA, Muneo filed Critical TAMURA, Muneo
Publication of EP0042876A4 publication Critical patent/EP0042876A4/en
Publication of EP0042876A1 publication Critical patent/EP0042876A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of EP0042876B1 publication Critical patent/EP0042876B1/en
Expired legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63HTOYS, e.g. TOPS, DOLLS, HOOPS OR BUILDING BLOCKS
    • A63H19/00Model railways
    • A63H19/02Locomotives; Motor coaches
    • A63H19/14Arrangements for imitating locomotive features, e.g. whistling, signalling, puffing

Abstract

A fuming or smoke-emitting device used on a model steam locomotive of railway model driven by an electric motor. This model locomotive is accurately and precisely reduced in a predetermined scale from an actual locomotive. The scale recently tends to mainly become large. It is therefore required to reduce the fuming device as much as possible and to simulate the smoke exhausted from the actual locomotive in the smoking state. These requirements are critical. The achievement of the emission of smoke of the model locomotive requires a special design of the corresponding mechanism. This fuming device comprises a container which has therein Nichrome wire and is provided at its upper portion with perforation for exhausting the fume or smoke. The container is filled with an isolated liquid mixture of water and oil having non-affinity with each other. When the heater is heated, the water is boiled to thereby stir the oil of the liquid mixture. Thus, the oil is burnt, and the smoke of fume thus produced is exhausted by the steam. The fuming state by this combustion phenomenon simulates the smoke exhausted from the actual locomotive, because this fume thus exhausted from the locomotive is similar in principle to the utilization of the steam exhausted usually from the normal cylinder. This fuming device is extremely small and simple in structure, and not restricted in its configuration design. Accordingly, this device is adapted to be carried on the model locomotive.

Description

    Technical field:
  • The present invention relates to a fuming or smoke-emitting device to simulate the smoke exhausted from the model steam locomotive and the model ship, etc. And more particularly, it is suitable for use on a model steam locomotive of railway. The railway model is different from toys, and its reduced scale and the method of operation are, to some degree, internationally standardized. As for the reduced scale, except minor ones, the two reduced scales are mainly adopted; one is refered to HO-gauge whose reduced scale of model train is about 1/80, another is refered to N-gauge whose reduced scale of model train is about 1/160. As the model locomotive recently tends to become small, N-gauge has been prevailing. The method of operation mostly used is the remote control to supply electric power in the rail from the transformer, from which, through the wheels, the moter gets the driving power. In the smoking state opthe fuming device, it is required to simulate the smoke exhausted from the actual smoke locomotive. Although it may be possible to simulate the smoking state regardless of the size of the device and its production cost, the space to load the fuming device is, in actual fact, very restricted due to the reduction of the locomotive and other driving devices. Therefore it.is required to reduce the size of the fuming device as much as possible. These.-requirements are critical. It seems to.be impossible to make a small device by means of any mechanical design. So the technical problem is to answer the both requirements; that-is, precise simulation of smoking state and reduction of the fuming device.
  • Background art:
  • Any fuming method, tried so far, uses smoke produced by burning oil, and there are two general methods for exhausting the produced smoke, namely one has recourse to the machanical device for burning and another has recourse to an air blower. In the former method, the smoking state has not-been performed satisfactorily and the latter method requires an exaggerated device. However, one couldn't help compromising in using them to some extent. Some types of fuming devices are sold now. among the products appeared in the "Tetsudo Mokei Shumi(Hobby of the Railway Model)", which is the Japanese special book of railway model, typical one is the product of Vest Germany which is the example of the specially designed device for burning. In the following, the explanation of the device is cited and summarized. "In Vest Germany, SEUTE sells some kinds of fuming devices. In Japan, the devices of product-numbers 99 and/or 100 for HO-gauge are familiar. Inner structure is very simple; there stands a thin steam pipe like an injection-needle in its center, and the upper part of it, about 7 mm long, is a heater with thin Nichrome wire wound. The oil for burning is stored in the botton of the device and the oil is pumped due to capillarity action in the pipe, then heated and evaporated by the heater and ejected upward. This process is made intermittently, so the white smoke continues to eject so long as the oil exists." But the following comments are made that the smoking state doesn't resemble and the amount of the smoke is too little and that the power of ejection is too little. The size of the device is relatively small, but the burning method requires the device to be set vertically, so the model locomotives available to the device are limited. Another typical product is one of Japan. In the following, the explanation of the device is cited and summarized. "A fuming device whose chamber for making smoke and blower are separated, and is designed for tender. That the amount of smoke is enough and the smoking state varies in accordance with the speed of the locomotive is characteris- tic." The device is limited to some particular locomotives for use, however, the smoking state is highly estimated.
  • Disclosure of invention:
  • According to the present invention, to make the smoke, the oil is burned, however, the characteristic point is that the isolated liquid mixtur p of water and oil having non-affinity with each other is burned. Concrete explanation is given below. The Nichrome wire is put as a heater in a container with perforation for a chimney at its upper portion. Through the chimney, an isolated liquid mixture of water and oil having non-affinity with each other, is put into the container. Then the electric power is supplied to the Nichrome and heat the wire, so the smoke begins to eject from the chimney, and it is mimilar to the fume or smoke of a real steam locomotive. In viewing the burning state using a transparent container, the process seems as follows. As the boiling temperature of water is lower than that of oil, the boiled water stirs the oil of the liquid mixture. Moreover, as the water and oil have non-affinity with each other, the droplets of water and oil are formed when the mixture is heated. The droplets of oil burn and produce smoke in an instant when they touch the Nichrome wire which is barely exposed due to the boiling and stiring of the liquid mixture. It seems that the produced smoke is ejected from the chimney due to the expansion in volume of water vapor which is evaporated when the droplets of water touch the Nichrome wire. The phenomenon that the water droplet, sometimes fallen into the heated oil, bursts are easily found in daily life such as cocking. But to burn the mixture of oil and water is essentially intentional. And the burning state is very suitable for simulating the fume or smoke of the actual steam locomotive. It is appa~ rent that the fuming state by this combustion phenomenon simulates the smoke exhausted from the actual locomotive, because this fume thus exhausted from the locomotive is similar in principle to the utilization of the steam exhausted usually from the normal cylinder. This invention makes it possible to make a small device because it doesn't require any special mechanical design, so this fuming device is extremely small and simple in structure, and not restricted in its configuration design. Accordingly, this device has an advantage in that it is adapted to be carried on the model locomotive.
  • Best mode of carrying out the invention:
    • To make a container with perforation for chimney at its upper portion, and on the lowest part in the container the Nichrome wire is put as a heater, two edges of the Nichrome wire are got out from the container. To pour oil and water, having non-affinity with each other, through the chimney into the container. Drinking water is available and the kerosene is suitable. The ration of water to oil depends on the volume of the container, but about 2 to 1 is suitable.
  • Industrial applicability:
    • In Japan, the device is already sold. Its low cost and utility, compared with ordinary ones, are highly estimated.

Claims (1)

1. FUMING METHOD which uses fume or smoke produced by burning an isolated liquid mixture of water and oil having non-affinity with each other by means of a heater set threin..
EP80900888A 1979-05-11 1980-05-07 Method of producing fumes in model apparatus Expired EP0042876B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP57929/79 1979-05-11
JP5792979A JPS55148583A (en) 1979-05-11 1979-05-11 Smoke generator

Publications (3)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0042876A4 EP0042876A4 (en) 1981-11-25
EP0042876A1 true EP0042876A1 (en) 1982-01-06
EP0042876B1 EP0042876B1 (en) 1984-05-16

Family

ID=13069692

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
EP80900888A Expired EP0042876B1 (en) 1979-05-11 1980-05-07 Method of producing fumes in model apparatus

Country Status (4)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0042876B1 (en)
JP (1) JPS55148583A (en)
DE (1) DE3067810D1 (en)
WO (1) WO1980002514A1 (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2251391A (en) * 1990-12-11 1992-07-08 Steamlines Models & Publicatio Smoke generation in steam models

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1848028A (en) * 1929-10-24 1932-03-01 Weeden Mfg Corp Toy steam encine boiler
DE2631639A1 (en) * 1976-07-14 1978-01-19 Seuthe Geb Timp Elisabeth Artificial smoke prodn. in models - with multistrand glass capillaries for vaporisation of chemicals
JPS5338573Y2 (en) * 1975-04-26 1978-09-19

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1184264B (en) * 1962-09-20 1964-12-23 Eberhard Seuthe Means for generating steam or smoke, especially for toys

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1848028A (en) * 1929-10-24 1932-03-01 Weeden Mfg Corp Toy steam encine boiler
JPS5338573Y2 (en) * 1975-04-26 1978-09-19
DE2631639A1 (en) * 1976-07-14 1978-01-19 Seuthe Geb Timp Elisabeth Artificial smoke prodn. in models - with multistrand glass capillaries for vaporisation of chemicals

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
See also references of WO8002514A1 *

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2251391A (en) * 1990-12-11 1992-07-08 Steamlines Models & Publicatio Smoke generation in steam models

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
DE3067810D1 (en) 1984-06-20
WO1980002514A1 (en) 1980-11-27
EP0042876B1 (en) 1984-05-16
JPS55148583A (en) 1980-11-19
EP0042876A4 (en) 1981-11-25

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
Hankins et al. Science and the Enlightenment
CN101939265B (en) Method for heating a low-nox glass furnace having high heat transfer
Maly Spark ignition: its physics and effect on the internal combustion engine
US4326119A (en) Portable battery operated electric smoke generator
ES2325158T3 (en) Flame and corresponding imitation generator device.
Faraday The chemical history of a candle
JPS55125334A (en) Fuel controller
ES8300483A1 (en) Toy machine machine device operable bubble blower with soapy liquid and formation method of such bubbles.
JPS5777581A (en) Ink jet printer
US9677729B2 (en) Fluttering-flame simulation device
ES8305110A1 (en) A method and apparatus for improving the operation of a heat generator
JPS5281435A (en) Air fuel ratio controller
US2850615A (en) Fire simulator
CN102216587A (en) System and method for improving combustion using an electrolysis fuel cell
Fay et al. Unsteady burning of unconfined fuel vapor clouds
DE2944153A1 (en) Redn. of nitrogen- and sulphur-oxide emissions from combustion - by preheating the fuel e.g. by combustion gases to 150-450 deg. C
JPH02220363A (en) Device for converting energy existing in material as chemical potential to electric energy
DE3563790D1 (en) Method of controlled burning of a pile of solid fuel particularly of wood piled up in a vertical fire stack of a stove as well as stove for carrying out the method
US20060116048A1 (en) Generator for encapsulating a fluid within a bubble
JPS628371A (en) Signal recording device
FR2439037A1 (en) Method and device for cooling and humidifying hot gases or hot burns containing dust
JPS63166617A (en) Control unit for heating device
Faraday A course of six lectures on the chemical history of a Candle; to which is added a lecture on Platinum... delivered during the Christmas Holidays of 1860-1. Edited by W. Crookes
WO2020064028A2 (en) Simulated three-dimensional flame apparatus
NL176300B (en) Burner for burning liquid fuel in forged form.

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
17P Request for examination filed

Effective date: 19810522

AK Designated contracting states:

Designated state(s): DE GB

RBV Designated contracting states (correction):

Designated state(s): DE GB

AK Designated contracting states:

Designated state(s): DE GB

REF Corresponds to:

Ref document number: 3067810

Country of ref document: DE

Date of ref document: 19840620

Format of ref document f/p: P

26N No opposition filed
PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: GB

Effective date: 19890507

GBPC Gb: european patent ceased through non-payment of renewal fee
PG25 Lapsed in a contracting state announced via postgrant inform. from nat. office to epo

Ref country code: DE

Effective date: 19900201