EP0020825A1 - Apparatus for the transfer of loads from one level to another - Google Patents

Apparatus for the transfer of loads from one level to another Download PDF

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Publication number
EP0020825A1
EP0020825A1 EP19790301102 EP79301102A EP0020825A1 EP 0020825 A1 EP0020825 A1 EP 0020825A1 EP 19790301102 EP19790301102 EP 19790301102 EP 79301102 A EP79301102 A EP 79301102A EP 0020825 A1 EP0020825 A1 EP 0020825A1
Authority
EP
European Patent Office
Prior art keywords
means
apparatus
car
form
platform
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Ceased
Application number
EP19790301102
Other languages
German (de)
French (fr)
Inventor
Rex Henley Perkins
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SANSCORD AUSTRALIA Pty Ltd
Original Assignee
SANSCORD AUSTRALIA Pty Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by SANSCORD AUSTRALIA Pty Ltd filed Critical SANSCORD AUSTRALIA Pty Ltd
Priority to EP19790301102 priority Critical patent/EP0020825A1/en
Publication of EP0020825A1 publication Critical patent/EP0020825A1/en
Application status is Ceased legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B9/00Kinds or types of lifts in, or associated with, buildings or other structures
    • B66B9/02Kinds or types of lifts in, or associated with, buildings or other structures actuated mechanically otherwise than by rope or cable
    • B66B9/025Kinds or types of lifts in, or associated with, buildings or other structures actuated mechanically otherwise than by rope or cable by screw-nut drives

Abstract

This invention concerns an elevator means suitable for the transfer of loads, be such loads in the form either of personnel or other material or goods, from one level to another of a building structure. The invention utilizes rigid guide means for the control of both the speed and direction of movement of the elevator. In the instance of failure of such rigid guide means, further movement of the elevator is precluded. The arrangement of the invention functions without reliance on conventional hoisting means in the form of cables, ropes and the like, thereby effectively precluding the need for the incorporation of sophisticated safety devices adapted to come into operation to stop the elevator in the instance of failure of the earlier-mentioned hoisting means.

Description

  • THIS INVENTION relates to means for the transfer of loads from one level to another. More particularly the invention relates to means allowing for the transfer of loads between two adjacent floors or storeys of a building structure.
  • A conventional elevator, of the type suitable for transferring loads from one level to another, depends for its actual operation upon the utilisation of steel cables, hoisting ropes or the like. Such elevators in general may be seen to comprise a power-operated device for lifting and lowering loads and are made up of a so-called car or cage which is arranged so as to run between guide rails extending between the levels under consideration. The car or cage itself is by convention suspended from steel hoisting ropes or cables. The weight of the car and its load is, in practice, approximately counter-balanced by a so-called counterweight. The actual weight to be hoisted by the drive motor may therefore be seen never to equal the total weight of the car and passengers (or load) but rather is equal to merely the relatively small difference which exists between the counterweight and the weight of the loaded car.
  • By reason of the use of steel hoisting cables, ropes and the like the relevant government authorities require the incorporation of sophisticated and virtually fail-safe safety devices and safe-guards in elevators of this general type. Some elevators, for example, are equipped with a-safety rope which runs in an endless loop around pulleys positioned at the top and bottom respectively of the lift well or shaft. This safety rope is then secured to the lift or elevator car. In the event of fracture or failure of the hoisting rope or cable the car will drop (under the influence of gravity). This drop will cause the pulleys of the safety rope to rotate more rapidly. A centrifugal governor connected to the safety rope pulley positioned at the top of the lift shaft will then serve to actuate a switch which will set the safety devices in operation whereby to arrest the downward motion of the car. In one example this arresting effect is achieved by means of powerful jaws adapted to act on and grip the guide rails.
  • Various other safety devices are also generally provided in modern elevators of this general type. For example, limit switches may be provided to prevent over- travel of the car beyond the desired level, door interlocks may be provided to prevent the car from actually starting until the doors or the lilaaare securely closed, etc.
  • Further problems arise when an elevator is specifically required, for example, for use and installation in a two-storey building, be that building a private house, flats, offices or perhaps even storage facilities. Modern elevators are particularly designed for usage in multi-storey buildings and, in the result, it is generally extremely difficult and accordingly expensive to obtain a smaller unit for usage in a two-storey situation. As pointed out above such smaller.units may be required, for example, by smaller firms for the purposes of transporting loads, in the form of personnel, stationery and/or other material between adjacent floors. Alternatively, in the domestic situation, such small units would be particularly appropriate for the transport of either elderly or otherwise incapacitated people between adjacent floors of a multi-storey home or building. If no such facility for transport is provided, then such elderly or incapacitated people would in essence be virtually confined to a particular storey of the structure, a dreary existence indeed.
  • The present invention seeks to provide an elevator or load transfer means which is particularly suited for usage between adjacent levels in a structure. The invention further seeks to provide such a load transfer means or elevator which achieves the desired result in an efficient manner and by the utilisation of apparatus the cost of which brings it within reach of both the business and domestic sections of a community.
  • The present applicant's arrangement seeks to avoid the need for the use of ropes, cables and the like in elevator or load transfer equipment. Such what may be termed "hoisting means", generally in the form of ropes or cables are, of course, susceptible to breakage. The present arrangement, by eliminating the need for these elements, results in an increase in both the efficiency of the overall system and the degree of safety afforded thereby. Despite the elimination of such elements as hoisting cables, ropes and the like, the present applicant's arrangement has nevertheless been found to comply fully with the requirements of the relevant government authority or instrument- ality as regards structural and operational safety.
  • The present invention further seeks to provide an elevator which will not drop in the event of power failure, but will rather automatically stop at the level reached or attained at that particular point of time.
  • The present invention furthermore seeks to provide an elevator or load transfer means which is adaptable for ready installation into an existing building, or alternatively may be readily fitted to an outer wall of an existing building. In order to achieve this result,,an elevator or load transfer means in accordance with the present invention is adapted for assembly prior to transport to the site where installation is required.
  • In accordance with the present invention there is provided an apparatus for the transfer of loads from one level to another, said apparatus including: platform means for supporting said load or loads; guide means for controlling the path and speed of movement of said platform means between said levels; and drive means operable to move said platform means between said levels.
  • In order that the present invention may be more clearly understood and put into practical effect there shall now be described in detail preferred constructions of a load transfer means in accordance with the invention.
  • The ensuing description is given by way of non-limitative example only and is with reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein :
    • Figure 1 is a perspective view from above of a load transfer system in accordance with the present invention, showing an appropriate well or shaft and a platform means in the form of a so-called car adapted to move between two levels of a building structure;
    • Figure 2 is a front elevational view of the transfer system illustrated in Figure 1;
    • Figure 3 is a partial elevational view, from the side, of the arrangement of Figures 1 and 2, showing the car or platform means in its uppermost position in full lines and in its lowermost position at an adjacent level in broken lines;
    • Figure 4 is a view from above of the load transfer system of Figure 1 showing in more detail the drive means utilised for purposes of imparting movement to the so-called car or platform means; and
    • Figure 5 is an exploded view of a means incorporated in the arrangement of Figure 1 for the purposes of controlling both the speed and path of movement of the so-called car or platform.
  • In an especially preferred form of the invention, as illustrated for example in Figure 1, a load transfer means includes a so-called car or cage 1 adapted for location within an outer tower or frame 2 whereby to allow for movement of the car 1 between two floor positions. The transfer means thus arranged may be of a modular construction, whereby to allow for transport in its assembled condition to a site for installation in the interior of a building, or alternatively for ready attachment to the side of a building.
  • As illustrated in the drawings the car 1 preferably is made up of a box-like enclosure having sliding doors 3 provided thereon to allow for entry thereinto. In one arrangement in accordance with the invention a sliding door 3 is provided at one side of the box-like enclosure. However, in an alternative arrangement a corresponding sliding door may be provided at both the front and rear sides thereof, whereby to allow for ready access from both front and rear. In other words, the car 1 may be provided either as a walk-through unit having doors to both sides thereof, or as a come-back model, having doors to one side only.
  • In an especially preferred embodiment the or each door 3 of the car 1 is fabricated from aluminium and mild steel sections as a separate unit to be bolted or otherwise affixed to the car 1. If a hand-operated door 3 is desired, this may be achieved by the provision of an appropriately fire-rated door arranged on a so-called Bangor type track 4 and counter-weighted with a dash-pot arrangement 5, as specifically shown in Figures 1 and 2. However, if self- opening type doors are desired this may be achieved by fitting the or each door 3 with a torque limited drive.
  • In addition to the aforementioned door or doors 3, there is preferably also provided, at each level or landing of the arrangement in accordance with the invention, an outer or landing door assembly 6. This landing door assembly 6 may be of a somewhat similar construction to the actual car doors 3, although the assembly 6 is adapted to be bolted to the tower or frame 2 and is preferably fitted with an electro-mechanical type lock whereby to prevent opening thereof at any time when the car or cage 1 is not itself present at the landing. This constitutes a further safety precaution. The landing door assembly may also be provided with a technician's lock release assembly whereby to allow for entry for purposes of service and maintenance.
  • On opposing sides of the car 1 and adjacent the ceiling thereof there are provided upper mounting brackets 7 for receiving and retaining guide means allowing for the control of movement of the car 1. In an especially preferred arrangement the guide means are in the form of four rolled thread ball bearing screw assemblies, as for example of the type known as Saginaw steering gear available from The General Motors Corporation. In such an arrangement use is made of four fixed Saginaw type screws 8 each having a revolving circulating ball nut associated therewith and attached to the car 1. It should be under-stood, however, that whilst the preferred embodiment utilises four such roller thread ball bearing screw assemblies, two such assemblies might well alternatively be employed. Such an arrangement, however, will not prove as efficient as the aforementioned arrangement utilising four such assemblies, by reason of the possibility of sway and twist introduced thereby.
  • The ball screw 8 of each screw assembly is attached at each end onto the frame 2 whereby to allow for support thereof. The screws 8, located preferably at each corner of the car 1 and with a nut attached to each corner of that car, are supported at each end thereof by angular contact roller races. In other words, and as illustrated in Figure 5 for example, to each corner of the car or cage 1 a mounting bracket and associated hub 7 are attached with tapered roller thrust bearings 9 supporting a hollow shaft 10 to which is attached a Saginaw type nut 11. Also attached to the hollow shaft 10 is a sprocket 12 having a brake disc l3 attached thereto.
  • The upper mounting brackets 7, as specifically illustrated in Figure 5, are in the form of a fabricated bracket member adapted to be attached to vertical channel members provided on the lift frame 2 whereby to support the Siginaw screws 8. In a preferred arrangement these upper brackets are provided with suitable adjustment means, as for example illustrated at 14 in Figure 5, whereby to allow the screws 8 to be aligned correctly in relation to the frame 2. The brackets 7 provided for housing the lower ends of the screws 8 may be of a similar construction to the aforementioned upper brackets, or may alternatively be provided or fitted with so-called "floating" attachments to allow for correct relative alignment of the screws 8.
  • In the arrangement illustrated the sprockets 12 attached to the upper ends of the screws 8 are rotated, by means of an appropriate drive system to be described in more detail hereinafter, whereby to cause the car or cage 1 to rise or descend as required dependent upon the direction of rotation. As the four screws 8 must be rotated to either raise or lower the car or cage 1, there is no free fall condition of the type which is know to exist with so-callled conventional elevators. As such, a compensating counterweight will not be required.
  • At the top of the outer frame 2, or alternatively at the top of the car or cage 1, there is provided a sub-base 15 (see Figure 4). Located on this sub-base 15 are a drive motor 16, drum coupling and solonoid breaking means 17 and a reducing gearbox 18. In an especially preferred embodiment the drive motor 16 will be in the form of a single phase motor connected, via a suitable power coupling 17, to a 90-degree gear reducer 18 (adapted for example to provide approximately 3:1 transmission ratio). In practice the power coupling 17 ensures the existence of a short period of dwell before the onset of full torque to the gearbox 18, thereby allowing for what may be termed, in layman's language, a "soft" start-stop effect. The output shaft from the reduction gearbox 18 in turn is adapted to drive chains 19 and sprockets 20 in a circular fashion to each of the Saginaw nuts 11, thereby imparting upward or downward motion to the car or carriage.
  • For domestic usage, a single phase electric motor may preferably be employed. However, when the unit is adapted for use as, for example, a service lift for shops and factories, three phase current may then be employed, with the result that a three phase motor will be appropriate.
  • For convenience insofar as actual construction, maintenance and servicing is required, the appropriate motor l6, reduction gearbox 18 and associated sprockets 20 are mounted on the top of the car or cage 1.
  • In a preferred embodiment there is provided adequate space between the car 1 and the frame 2 whereby to allow for access therein of personnel. Such space may be utilised either as an emergency exit or for purposes of maintenance. The car 1 may furthermore have a removable panel provided therein whereby to allow for ready access to the space. A ladder or ladders provided on the frame 2 and a door, manually or electrically operated, provided at the bottom of the frame 2 would then complete the arrangements allowing for escape in an emergency or under conditions of power failure.
  • In order to allow for control of the load transfer system a number of electrical controls may be provided. Such controls would include a demand button at each level and a start-stop button in the car or cage 1 itself. Furthermore the frame 2 may be provided with so-called limit switches at each level thereof, with these switches being operable to de-energise the drive means upon arrival of the car or cage 1 at a respective floor of the overall structure. An appropriate communication system, as for example a telephone, may be installed in the car or cage 1 whereby to allow for communication with persons outside that car 1 in times of emergency.
  • The aforegoing description may be seen to refer in some detail to what may be considered to be the basic features of the present applicant's arrangement. However, it should be noted that a number of additional features may be included as desired, for purposes of overall safety and the comfort of the user.
  • For example, ihe car or cage 1 may be equipped with lighting of any known type. Preferably however, all lighting and controls are of the low voltage type. The car or cage 1 may also be equipped with a battery stand-by for emergency lighting, as for example for use in the instance of power failure.
  • Furthermore, the or each entry door may be fitted with electrical solonoid locks which are adapted to lock when de-energised such that, in the instance of power failure, entry cannot be gained unless the car or cage 1 is actually present at the level of entry.
  • A further preferred feature of the present arrangement resides in the provision of a means for detecting and reacting to fracture of the or each chain of the assembly. In one such arrangement (not shown) a basic frame and pivot pin may be adapted to support two sprockets on springloaded arm members whereby to tension the or each drive chain. In the instance of chain breakage or fracture, the relevant arm will revolve under spring pressure whereby to actuate a micro-switch operable to stop the drive.motor and hence arrest the motion of the car or cage 1.
  • In a further preferred embodiment, two buffers are fitted at the base of the frame 2 in order to protect against the possibility of over-run of the car 1.
  • Caliper type disc brakes 21 (see Figure 4) may also be fitted to alternate Saginaw nuts 11. In the instance of power failure these disc brakes 21 will hold against release until actually released by a service man or alternatively upon resumption of the power supply.

Claims (9)

1. Apparatus for the transfer of loads from one level to another, said apparatus including: platform means for supporting said load; guide means for controlling the path and speed of movement of said platform means between said levels; and drive means operable to move said platform means between said levels.
2. The apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein said guide means are in the form of at least two rigid threaded elements extending between said levels.
3. The apparatus as claimed in claim 2, wherein there are provided four rigid threaded elements, one at each corner of said platform means.
4. The apparatus as claimed in claim 2 or claim 3, wherein said rigid threaded elements are in the form of rolled thread ball bearing screw assemblies.
5. The apparatus as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein said platform means is adapted to provide access for said load from both the front and rear sides thereof.
6. The apparatus as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, Wherein said platform means is in the form of a box-like cage or enclosure having a sliding-door arrangement provided on the front and/or rear sides thereof.
7. The apparatus as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein said drive means is adapted to be mounted on the uppermost surface of said platform means.
8. The apparatus as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein said drive means is in the form of a single phase motor which is adapted to be connected, via power coupling means, to a gear reducer, said gear reducer in turn being in drive connection with said guide means whereby to allow for movement of said platform means therealong.
9. The apparatus as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein said drive means is in the form of a three-phase motor which is adapted to be connected, via power coupling means, to a gear reducer, said gear reducer in turn being in drive connection with said guide means whereby to allow for movement of said platform means therealong.
EP19790301102 1979-06-11 1979-06-11 Apparatus for the transfer of loads from one level to another Ceased EP0020825A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP19790301102 EP0020825A1 (en) 1979-06-11 1979-06-11 Apparatus for the transfer of loads from one level to another

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP19790301102 EP0020825A1 (en) 1979-06-11 1979-06-11 Apparatus for the transfer of loads from one level to another

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
EP0020825A1 true EP0020825A1 (en) 1981-01-07

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EP19790301102 Ceased EP0020825A1 (en) 1979-06-11 1979-06-11 Apparatus for the transfer of loads from one level to another

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EP (1) EP0020825A1 (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4635491A (en) * 1983-08-10 1987-01-13 Fuji Electric Co., Ltd. Fail-safe motor-driven cylinder for lifting apparatus
FR2640604A1 (en) * 1988-12-15 1990-06-22 Otis Elevator Co Lift with an on-board adhesion-type drive machine
FR2655422A1 (en) * 1989-12-06 1991-06-07 Armines Isostatic extensometer with vertical axis
ES2169973A1 (en) * 1999-10-08 2002-07-16 Belmonte Asensio Fernandez Vertical movement, energy saver and breaking mechanism for lifts
RU2497743C1 (en) * 2012-07-09 2013-11-10 Открытое акционерное общество "Конструкторское бюро специального машиностроения" Ship lifter
CN105347144A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-02-24 内蒙古包钢钢联股份有限公司 Safety lift car
CN109132794A (en) * 2016-09-23 2019-01-04 泉州创源机电科技有限公司 A kind of screw vertical lift and its working method

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE201572C (en) *
US1986620A (en) * 1934-06-21 1935-01-01 Atlantic Elevator Company Elevator
US2802549A (en) * 1955-08-05 1957-08-13 Izquierdo Federico De L Santos Elevators
AU442061A (en) * 1961-05-09 1963-05-02 Class Gunther Harvester-thresher
US3215227A (en) * 1963-03-04 1965-11-02 Ellamac Inc Elevator drives
US3468401A (en) * 1965-12-13 1969-09-23 Letz Aufzug Ets Screw-driven elevator
FR2199524A1 (en) * 1972-09-19 1974-04-12 Millet Gabriel
US3851854A (en) * 1973-07-05 1974-12-03 F Roybal Construction robot
US3924710A (en) * 1972-11-30 1975-12-09 Harsco Corp Rack and pinion hoist

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE201572C (en) *
US1986620A (en) * 1934-06-21 1935-01-01 Atlantic Elevator Company Elevator
US2802549A (en) * 1955-08-05 1957-08-13 Izquierdo Federico De L Santos Elevators
AU442061A (en) * 1961-05-09 1963-05-02 Class Gunther Harvester-thresher
US3215227A (en) * 1963-03-04 1965-11-02 Ellamac Inc Elevator drives
US3468401A (en) * 1965-12-13 1969-09-23 Letz Aufzug Ets Screw-driven elevator
FR2199524A1 (en) * 1972-09-19 1974-04-12 Millet Gabriel
US3924710A (en) * 1972-11-30 1975-12-09 Harsco Corp Rack and pinion hoist
US3851854A (en) * 1973-07-05 1974-12-03 F Roybal Construction robot

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4635491A (en) * 1983-08-10 1987-01-13 Fuji Electric Co., Ltd. Fail-safe motor-driven cylinder for lifting apparatus
FR2640604A1 (en) * 1988-12-15 1990-06-22 Otis Elevator Co Lift with an on-board adhesion-type drive machine
FR2655422A1 (en) * 1989-12-06 1991-06-07 Armines Isostatic extensometer with vertical axis
ES2169973A1 (en) * 1999-10-08 2002-07-16 Belmonte Asensio Fernandez Vertical movement, energy saver and breaking mechanism for lifts
RU2497743C1 (en) * 2012-07-09 2013-11-10 Открытое акционерное общество "Конструкторское бюро специального машиностроения" Ship lifter
CN105347144A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-02-24 内蒙古包钢钢联股份有限公司 Safety lift car
CN109132794A (en) * 2016-09-23 2019-01-04 泉州创源机电科技有限公司 A kind of screw vertical lift and its working method

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Legal Events

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AK Designated contracting states:

Designated state(s): DE FR GB IT SE

RAP1 Transfer of rights of an ep application

Owner name: SANSCORD AUSTRALIA PTY. LIMITED

RAP1 Transfer of rights of an ep application

Owner name: SANSCORD AUSTRALIA PTY. LIMITED

17P Request for examination filed

Effective date: 19810611

18R Refused

Effective date: 19841006

ITCP It: complementary protection certificate

Spc suppl protection certif: CCP 172

RIN1 Inventor (correction)

Inventor name: PERKINS, REX HENLEY