DK178037B1 - Energy Harvesting Device - Google Patents

Energy Harvesting Device Download PDF

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Publication number
DK178037B1
DK178037B1 DK201300534A DKPA201300534A DK178037B1 DK 178037 B1 DK178037 B1 DK 178037B1 DK 201300534 A DK201300534 A DK 201300534A DK PA201300534 A DKPA201300534 A DK PA201300534A DK 178037 B1 DK178037 B1 DK 178037B1
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DK
Denmark
Prior art keywords
energy
energy harvester
energy harvesting
harvesting device
patches
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Application number
DK201300534A
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English (en)
Inventor
Bo Eskerod Madsen
Original Assignee
Remoni Aps
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Priority to DK201300534A priority Critical patent/DK178037B1/da
Priority to DK201300534 priority
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Publication of DK178037B1 publication Critical patent/DK178037B1/da

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J50/00Circuit arrangements or systems for wireless supply or distribution of electric power
    • H02J50/05Circuit arrangements or systems for wireless supply or distribution of electric power using capacitive coupling
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02NELECTRIC MACHINES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H02N11/00Generators or motors not provided for elsewhere; Alleged perpetua mobilia obtained by electric or magnetic means
    • H02N11/002Generators

Description

Energy Harvesting Device Field of invention

The present invention generally relates to an energy harvesting device for harvesting energy from electrical cables.

Prior art

The use and number of distributed sensor systems is constantly growing these days, and the need for powering the sensors, and the belonging wireless communication, has grown correspondingly.

One major challenge in these systems is the required energy supply to the systems, without the challenge of maintaining a large number of batteries, often in inadequate places. One of the known solutions to this challenge is energy harvest where ambient energy is harvested more or less continuously, to supply the devices.

The typical energy sources used in energy harvesting are light, vibration or temperature differences. Unfortunately, in typical technical installations, where sensors are often installed, none of these energy sources is present.

Electrical cables (e.g. electrical conductors) are however not in short supply in technical installations, and an easy system to harvest energy from electrical cables may therefore be a good solution to cover the need for energy.

The available solutions to harvest energy from electrical conductors make use of two different main principles: 1) Electromagnetic harvest from single wires by induction, as described in e.g. Bhuiyan et. al. (A Miniature Energy Harvesting Device for Wireless, Sensors in Electric Power System, IEEE SENSORS JOURNAL, VOL. 10, NO. 7, JULY 2010) (Dl) and 2) Energy harvest from the difference in the electrical field between the electrical conductors and ground, as described in Chang, K. et. Al ( Electric Field Energy Harvesting Powered Wireless Sensors for Smart Grid, Journal of Electrical Engineering & Technology Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 75-80, 2012) (D2).

Both principles are associated with serious problems. Electromagnetic harvest from single wires by induction requires connection on a single conductor. Accordingly, the outer insulation of the electrical cable needs to be peeled off in order to install the energy harvester.

By removing the outer insulation, the safety of the electrical installation is compromised, and an outer shielding must be installed to recover the insulation. Furthermore, the inductive energy harvesters are relative expensive to produce, and depend on an electrical current running in the conductor.

Energy harvest from the difference in the electrical field between the electrical conductors and ground is cheaper than electromagnetic harvest from single wires by induction, and can be installed on the outside of a multicore cable. On the other hand, this principle requires physical connection to electrical ground. Accordingly, these types of energy harvesters are inapplicable in many applications.

Accordingly, there is need for an energy harvesting device that is easier to install.

It is an object of the present invention to provide an energy harvesting device that does not require connection to a single conductor of the electrical cable from which energy is harvested.

It is also an object of the present invention to provide a standalone energy harvesting device that does not require connection to electrical ground.

It is also an object of the present invention to provide an energy harvesting device that is capable of providing a voltage in the region between 1 and 10 volt without using a converter to step up the voltage.

It is also an object of the present invention to provide an energy harvesting device that does not depend on current running in the cable.

Moreover, in case that a larger current is needed, it would be possible to apply several patches. However, the documents D1 and D2 do not stress this challenge or suggest how to solve the challenge.

Therefore, it is an object of the invention to provide an energy harvesting device that applies a plurality of patches.

Summary of the invention

The object of the present invention can be achieved by an energy harvesting device as defined in claim 1. Preferred embodiments are defined in the dependent sub claims and explained in the following description and illustrated in the accompanying drawings.

In the present context, an "energy harvesting device" refers to a device, which is adapted to harvest electrical energy.

The energy harvesting device according to the invention is an energy harvesting device configured to surround a portion of an electrical cable. The energy harvesting device comprises a plurality of electrically separated and electrically conducting patch members configured to be arranged in such a manner that an electric potential difference is provided between a first outlet point and a second outlet point, where the patch members are electrically connected to the first outlet point and/or to the second outlet point. The patch members are configured to be attached directly onto the electrical cable or in close proximity of the cable.

Hereby it is possible to provide an energy harvesting device that does not require electrical connection to a conductor of the electrical cable from which energy is harvested.

The installation of the energy harvesting device to a cable is simple, easy and safe.

Moreover, the energy harvesting device does not require connection to electrical ground.

While the prior art electromagnetic energy harvesting device require conversion of the voltage in order to use the energy in standard electrical devices, the energy harvesting device according to the invention is capable of providing a voltage in the region between 1 and 10 volt without the use of a converter (e.g. a DC-DC converter) to step up the voltage.

Depending on the voltage of the cable and the size of the energy harvester, the energy harvesting device according to the invention is capable of harvesting power in the region of microwatt or milliwatt.

The energy harvesting device according to the invention is capable of harvesting electrical energy as long as the cable is electrically connected to a source of potential difference. The cable is not required to be "current-carrying". This is major advantage since the energy harvesting device is capable of harvesting electrical energy continuously if the cable of an electrical device is connected to the mains even if the electrical device is switched off. Accordingly, less power is required to be harvested when compared to an energy harvesting device that is only capable of harvesting electrical energy from a cable of an electrical device when the electrical device draw a current.

It may be an advantage that the patch members are plate shaped, e.g. having a rectangular shape.

It may be preferred that the patch members are rectangular and have dimensions such as 5 x 25 mm, 2 x 10 mm or 8 x 40 mm.

It may be beneficial that that the energy harvesting device comprises a plurality of patch members that are electrically separated by separation members.

The electrically separation members may be produced in a nonconducting material such as plastic.

The separation members may be configured to be attached to the cable by gluing or by a mechanical attachment method.

It may be an advantage that the patch members are electrically connected to a rectification unit by means of a number of connection members and that the rectification unit comprises a plurality of rectifiers configured to rectify currents from the patch members in a predefined way.

Hereby it is possibly to provide an optimum power harvest from a cable with an alternating current (AC) or a direct current (DC).

It may be beneficial that the energy harvesting device is configured to rectify currents from a first group of the patch members by rectifiers providing a first current direction, where the energy harvesting device is configured to rectify currents from a the remaining patch members by other rectifiers providing another current direction.

It is advantageous that the energy harvesting device is configured to build up a potential difference between the first outlet point and the second outlet point.

It may be beneficial that the energy harvesting device is configured to rectify all current from the patch members and hereby build up a potential difference between the first outlet point and the second outlet point.

It may be an advantage that the patch members are made from flexi print, preferable flexi print that is sealed in a sealing material.

It may be beneficial that the rectification unit comprises an energy storage.

Hereby it is possible to store harvested energy for later use.

It may be an advantage that the energy storage is a capacitor and/or a battery.

It may be advantageous that the patch is configured to be wrapped in multiple layers around a cable.

It may be beneficial that the energy harvesting device comprises several separate modules each configured to harvest electrical energy, where the modules comprise means for electrically connecting the modules to each other.

Hereby it is possible to harvest a larger amount of energy and to build energy harvesting devices of different size and capacity.

It may be beneficial to have an electrical device with a built-in energy harvester device according to the invention.

Hereby it is possible to attach the electrical device with the built-in energy harvester device to a cable. The electrical device with a built-in energy harvester device will then be provided with energy harvested by the energy harvester device.

It may be an advantage to have a sensor with a built-in energy harvester device according to the invention.

Description of the Drawings

The invention will become more fully understood from the detailed description given herein below. The accompanying drawings are given by way of illustration only, and thus, they are not limitative of the present invention. In the accompanying drawings:

Fig. 1 shows an electrical device having a cable onto which an an energy harvesting device according to the invention is attached;

Fig. 2 shows a close-up view of an energy harvesting device, according to the invention, attached to an electrical cable; Fig. 3 shows a schematically diagram of a first embodiment of an energy harvesting device according to the invention; Fig. 4 shows a schematically diagram of a second embodiment of an energy harvesting device according to the invention; Fig. 5 a) shows a schematically cross-sectional view of an energy harvesting device according to the invention;

Fig. 5 b) shows a schematically cross-sectional view of another energy harvesting device according to the invention;

Fig. 6 a) shows a schematically front view of a modular energy harvesting device according to the invention in a disassembled state;

Fig. 6 b) shows a schematically front view of a modular energy harvesting device according to the invention in an assembled state and

Fig. 7 shows an energy harvesting device according to the invention attached to a high voltage cable.

Detailed description of the invention

Referring now in detail to the drawings for the purpose of illustrating preferred embodiments of the present invention, an energy harvesting device 2 according to the invention is attached to a cable 4 of an electrical device 6.

Fig. 1 illustrates a perspective view of an electrical device 6 and a cross-sectional view of a wall 12. The electrical device 6 is electrically connected to the mains through the wall 12.

The electrical device 6 comprises a cable 4 that is connected to the mains via the wall 12.

An energy harvesting device 2 according to the invention is attached to the outside surface of the cable 4. The energy harvesting device 2 is encircled.

The energy harvesting device 2 is configured to harvest energy from the cable 4 and supply a power consuming electrical device (not shown) with electrical power. The power consuming electrical device may be a sensor and/or a transmitter. It may be preferred, however, that the power consuming electrical device has a low energy demand (e.g. in the nano-watt or micro-watt area).

Fig. 2 illustrates a close-up perspective view of an energy harvesting device 2 according to the invention attached to an electrical cable 4. The cable 4 has a circular cross-section and comprises three conductors 14, 16, 18 surrounded by an insulator 20.

The energy harvesting device 2 surrounds a portion of the cable 4. The energy harvesting device 2 comprises a plurality of patch members 22, 24, 26 that are electrically separated by separation members 28, 30.

The energy harvesting device 2 may be glued or be mechanically connected to the cable 4.

The energy harvesting device 2 is configured to harvest electrical energy from the cable 4 and supply a power consuming electrical device (not shown) with electrical power.

It may be an advantage that the energy harvesting device 2 is configured to be mounted on a cable 4 by means of glue or other attachment means allowing a quick non-invasive attachment of the energy harvesting device 2 to the cable 4.

Fig. 3 illustrates a schematically diagram of a first embodiment of an energy harvesting device 2 according to the invention. The energy harvesting device 2 comprises six patch members 22, 22', 24, 24', 26, 26'.

The patch members 22, 22', 24, 24', 26, 26' are electrically separated from each other. The patch members 22, 22', 24, 24', 26, 26' are electrically connected to a rectification unit 62 by means of a number of wires 32, 32', 34, 34', 36, 36' and/or the rectifiers are connected directly to the patches. The rectification unit 62 comprises a plurality of rectifiers 38, 38' configured to rectify the currents from each patch member 22, 22', 24, 24', 26, 26' in a predefined way. This is important when harvesting electrical energy from a cable with an alternating current.

The currents from the patch members 22', 22, 24 are rectified by rectifiers 38, 38'. The current from the patch members 22', 22, 24 is conducted through the wires 40 and further through the main connector 46 and further through the wires 40, 40' to the main connector 44.

On the other hand, the current from the patch member 24', 26, 26' are rectified by rectifiers 39, 39'. The current from the patch members 24', 26, 26' is conducted through the wires 40' and further through the main connector 44.

Hereby a potential difference is achieved between the main connector 42 that is electrically connected to the first outlet point A and the main connector 44 that is electrically connected to the second outlet point B.

The patch members 22, 22', 24, 24', 26, 26' are electrical conducting and configured to be attached to the surface of an electrical cable 4. Each island patch members may be e.g. 5 x 25 mm, 2 x 10 mm or 8 x 40 mm by way of example. The patch members 22, 22', 24, 24', 26, 26' are connected to the rectification unit 62 that can also function as an energy storage unit comprising a battery and/or a capacitor having a large capacitance.

The rectification unit 62 comprises rectifiers 38, 38', 39, 39' shaped as diodes. The rectification unit 62 comprises an energy storage shaped as a capacitor C provided between the outlet points A and B. The rectification unit 62 may have an energy storage e.g. a battery, from which the energy may be delivered.

The illustrated rectifier unit allows for both alternation current and direct current.

The rectifiers 38, 38', 39, 39' from each patch member 22, 22', 24, 24', 26, 26' may be connected in parallel, if the energy harvester device 2 is attached to an alternating current application (see Fig. 4).

The single patch member 22, 22', 24, 24', 26, 26' may be coupled using e.g. FETs (field effect transistors).

It may be an advantage that rectifiers 38, 38', 39, 39' may have low leakage current (e.g. 1 nA) to avoid energy loss in the system, and a relative low forward voltage (e.g. IV) to ensure high input to the energy storage (the capacitor C) of the rectification unit 62. In case a more condense energy harvester device 2 is wanted, the patch member 22, 22', 24, 24', 26, 26' can wrapped in multiple layers around the cable. This approach further allows distribution of the same energy harvester device 2 for multiple different cable diameters.

Fig. 4 illustrates a schematically diagram of another embodiment of an energy harvesting device 2 according to the invention. The energy harvesting device 2 comprises six patch members 22, 22', 24, 24', 26, 26'.

Like illustrated in Fig. 3 the patch members 22, 22', 24, 24', 26, 26' are electrically separated from each other. The patch members 22, 22', 24, 24', 26, 26' are electrically connected to a rectification unit 62 by means of a number of wires 32, 32', 34, 34', 36, 36' and/or the rectifiers are connected directly to the patches.

The rectification unit 62 is provided with a plurality of rectifiers 38, 38' adapted to rectify alternating current from the patch members 22, 22', 24, 24', 26, 26' in a desired direction.

The currents from the patch members 22', 22, 24, 24', 26', 26' are rectified by rectifiers 38, 38'. The currents from the patch members 22', 22, 24, 24', 26', 26' are conducted through the wires 40' and further through the main connector 44 that is electrically connected to an outlet point A. A second outlet point B is electrically connected to a main conductor 46 that is electrically connected to the patch members 22', 22, 24, 24', 26', 26' through wires 40, rectifiers 38 and further via wires 32, 32', 34, 34', 36, 36'.

When there is electrical potential difference between the patch members 22', 22, 24, 24', 26', 26', a potential difference is achieved between the main connectors 44 and 46. Accordingly, at potential difference is achieved between the outlet points A and B. A capacitor C is provided between the outlet points A and B. The rectification unit 62 may have a battery as energy storage.

Fig. 5 a) illustrates a schematically cross-sectional view of an energy harvesting device 2 according to the invention. The energy harvesting device 2 is configured to be attached to an electrical cable 4 comprising three conductors 14, 16, 18 that are twisted. The conductors 14, 16, 18 are surrounded by an insulator 20.

The energy harvesting device 2 comprises a first patch member 22 and a second patch member 22' that are configured to be arranged on or attached to the outer surface of the current-carrying cable 4 e.g. by gluing. Due to the electric field surrounding the current-carrying cable 4, a potential difference can be achieved between the first patch member 22 and the second patch member 22'. Accordingly, a potential difference V can be achieved between the first patch member 22 and the second patch member 22'.

Since the potential difference V between the first patch member 22 and the second patch member 22' may be very little, it is preferred that the energy harvesting device 2 according to the invention comprises a larger number of patch members.

Fig. 5 b) illustrates a schematically cross-sectional view of another energy harvesting device 2 according to the invention. The energy harvesting device 2 is configured to be attached to a current-carrying cable 4 comprising two conductors 14, 16 surrounded by an insulator 20. The energy harvesting device 2 has a first patch member 22 and a second patch member 22'.

Due to the electric field surrounding the current-carrying cable 4, a potential difference can be achieved between the first patch member 22 and the second patch member 22'. Therefore, a potential difference can be achieved between the first outlet point A and the second outlet point B.

The potential difference V between the first patch member 22 and the second patch member 22' may be extremely small. Accordingly, the energy harvesting device 2 according to the invention preferably comprises a large number of patch members 22, 22'.

Fig. 6 a) illustrates a schematically front view of a modular energy harvesting device 2. The energy harvesting device 2 is shown in a disassembled state.

The energy harvesting device 2 comprises a first module 48 provided with a socket 54. The energy harvesting device 2 also comprises a second module 50 provided with a socket 54 and a plug 56 configured to be received by the socket 54 of the first module 48 and hereby providing electrical connection between the first module 48 and the second module 50.

By electrically connecting several modules 48, 50 it is possible to harvest more electrical power than by using fewer modules.

Fig. 6 b) illustrates a schematically front view of a modular energy harvesting device 2 according to the invention in an assembled state.

The energy harvesting device 2 comprises a first module 48 similar to the one shown in Fig. 6 a). A second module 50 is attached to the first module 48 by means of an electrical connection between a plug and a socket like illustrated in Fig. 6 a). Similarly, a third module 52 is attached to the second module 50 by means of an electrical connection.

The energy harvesting device 2 is electrically connected to a first power consuming electrical device 58 and to a second power consuming electrical device 60 by means of electrical "plug-socket" connections.

Hereby, the power consuming electrical devices 58, 60 can be energised by the energy harvesting device 2.

Fig. 7 illustrates an energy harvesting device 2 according to the invention attached to a high voltage cable 4.

The cable 4 has a circular cross section and has three conductors 14, 16, 18 surrounded by an insulator 20. The energy harvesting device 2 surrounds a central portion of the cable 4 and comprises a plurality of patch members 22, 24, 26 that are electrically separated by separation members 28, 30.

The energy harvesting device 2 is electrically connected a sensor 60 that is configured to transmit a wireless signal 66 to a receiver (not shown). The sensor 66 is powered by the power harvested by the energy harvesting device 2. The power harvested by the energy harvesting device 2 may be within the range of milliwatt depending on the voltage of the cable 4 and the size of the energy harvester.

List of reference numerals 2 - Energy harvesting device 4 - Electrical cable 6 - Electrical device 8 - Plug 12 - Wall 14, 16, 18 - Conductor 20 - Insulator 22, 24, 26 - Patch member 22', 24', 26' - Patch member 28, 30 - Separation member 32, 32', 34, 34' - Wire 36, 36', 40, 40' - Wire 38, 38', 39, 39' - Rectifier 42, 44, 46 - Main connector 48, 50, 52 - Module 54 - Socket 56 - Plug 58, 60 - Electrical device 62, 64 - Pin 66 - Signal A, B - Outlet point V - Potential difference C - Capacitor/energy storage

Claims (8)

1. En energihøster (2) indrettet til at omslutte en del af et elektrisk kabel (4), hvilken energihøster (2) omfatter flere elektrisk adskilte og elektrisk ledende lapper (22, 22', 24, 24', 26, 26') indrettet til at være anbragt på en sådan en måde at en elektrisk potentialeforskel (V) er tilvejebragt mellem et første udtagspunkt (B) og et andet udtagspunkt (A), hvor lapperne (22, 22', 24, 24', 26, 26') er elektrisk forbundet til det første udtagspunkt (B) og/eller til det andet udtagspunkt (A), hvor lapperne (22, 22', 24, 24', 26, 26') er indrettet til at være fastgjorte til ydersiden, og/eller i umiddelbar nærhed af det elektriske kabel (4), kendetegnet ved at energihøsteren (2) er indrettet til at ensrette strømme fra en første gruppe af lapper (22', 22, 24) ved brug af ensrettere (38, 38') som skaber en første strømretning, hvor energihøsteren (2) er indrettet til at ensrette strømme fra de resterende lapper (24', 26, 26') ved brug af andre ensrettere (39, 39') som skaberen anden strømretning.
2. En energihøster (2) ifølge krav 1, kendetegnet ved, at energihøsteren (2) omfatter flere lapper (22, 22', 24, 24', 26, 26'), som er elektrisk adskilte af adskillelseselementer (28, 30).
3. En energihøster (2) ifølge krav 1 eller krav 2, kendetegnet ved, at lapperne (22, 22', 24, 24', 26, 26') er elektrisk forbundet til en ensretterenhed (62) ved hjælp af et antal forbindelseselementer (32, 32', 34, 34', 36, 36') og at ensretterenheden (62) omfatter flere ensrettere (38, 38', 39, 39'), som er indrettet til at ensrette strømme fra lapperne (22, 22', 24, 24', 26, 26') på en foruddefineret måde.
4. En energihøster (2) ifølge et af de foregående krav, kendetegnet ved, at energihøsteren (2) er indrettet til at ensrette alle strømme fra lapperne (22, 22', 24, 24', 26, 26'), således at strømmen ensrettes mod samme det første udtagspunkt (B) og at der derved opbygges en potentialforskel mellem det første udtagspunkt (B) og det andet udtagspunkt (A).
5. En energihøster (2) ifølge et af de foregående krav, kendetegnet ved, at ensretterenheden (62) omfatter et energilager (C).
6. En energihøster (2) ifølge krav 5, kendetegnet ved, at energilageret (C) er en kondensator og/eller et batteri.
7. En energihøster (2) ifølge et af de foregående krav, kendetegnet ved, at lapperne (22, 22', 24, 24', 26, 26') er indrettet til i flere lag, at indhylle kablet (4).
8. En energihøster (2) ifølge et af de foregående krav, kendetegnet ved, at energihøsteren (2) omfatter flere adskilte moduler (48, 50, 52), som hvert er indrettet til at høste elektrisk energi, hvor modulerne (48, 50, 52) omfatter midler (54, 56, 62, 64) til elektrisk at forbinde modulerne (48, 50, 52) med hinanden.
DK201300534A 2013-09-19 2013-09-19 Energy Harvesting Device DK178037B1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DK201300534A DK178037B1 (en) 2013-09-19 2013-09-19 Energy Harvesting Device
DK201300534 2013-09-19

Applications Claiming Priority (9)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DK201300534A DK178037B1 (en) 2013-09-19 2013-09-19 Energy Harvesting Device
CN201480051812.7A CN105684295B (zh) 2013-09-19 2014-09-15 能量收集设备
SG11201602085YA SG11201602085YA (en) 2013-09-19 2014-09-15 Energy harvesting device
EP14786788.1A EP3047567A1 (en) 2013-09-19 2014-09-15 Energy harvesting device
JP2016515498A JP6223549B2 (ja) 2013-09-19 2014-09-15 環境発電デバイス
PCT/DK2014/000047 WO2015039664A1 (en) 2013-09-19 2014-09-15 Energy harvesting device
AU2014323761A AU2014323761B2 (en) 2013-09-19 2014-09-15 Energy harvesting device
US15/073,812 US20160204655A1 (en) 2013-09-19 2016-03-18 Energy Harvesting Device
HK16109872.6A HK1221823A1 (zh) 2013-09-19 2016-08-17 能量收集設備

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JP (1) JP6223549B2 (da)
CN (1) CN105684295B (da)
AU (1) AU2014323761B2 (da)
DK (1) DK178037B1 (da)
HK (1) HK1221823A1 (da)
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WO (1) WO2015039664A1 (da)

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AU2014323761A1 (en) 2016-04-07
WO2015039664A1 (en) 2015-03-26
JP6223549B2 (ja) 2017-11-01
US20160204655A1 (en) 2016-07-14
CN105684295A (zh) 2016-06-15
SG11201602085YA (en) 2016-04-28
EP3047567A1 (en) 2016-07-27
HK1221823A1 (zh) 2017-06-09
JP2016533699A (ja) 2016-10-27
CN105684295B (zh) 2018-01-26
AU2014323761B2 (en) 2017-01-12

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