DE952908C - A process for the fractionation of air - Google Patents

A process for the fractionation of air

Info

Publication number
DE952908C
DE952908C DEG12804A DEG0012804A DE952908C DE 952908 C DE952908 C DE 952908C DE G12804 A DEG12804 A DE G12804A DE G0012804 A DEG0012804 A DE G0012804A DE 952908 C DE952908 C DE 952908C
Authority
DE
Germany
Prior art keywords
fractionation
air
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired
Application number
DEG12804A
Other languages
German (de)
Inventor
Fritz Jakob
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Linde AG
Original Assignee
Gesellschaft fuer Lindes Eismaschinen AG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Gesellschaft fuer Lindes Eismaschinen AG filed Critical Gesellschaft fuer Lindes Eismaschinen AG
Priority to DEG12804A priority Critical patent/DE952908C/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of DE952908C publication Critical patent/DE952908C/en
Expired legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25JLIQUEFACTION, SOLIDIFICATION OR SEPARATION OF GASES OR GASEOUS OR LIQUEFIED GASEOUS MIXTURES BY PRESSURE AND COLD TREATMENT OR BY BRINGING THEM INTO THE SUPERCRITICAL STATE
    • F25J3/00Processes or apparatus for separating the constituents of gaseous or liquefied gaseous mixtures involving the use of liquefaction or solidification
    • F25J3/02Processes or apparatus for separating the constituents of gaseous or liquefied gaseous mixtures involving the use of liquefaction or solidification by rectification, i.e. by continuous interchange of heat and material between a vapour stream and a liquid stream
    • F25J3/04Processes or apparatus for separating the constituents of gaseous or liquefied gaseous mixtures involving the use of liquefaction or solidification by rectification, i.e. by continuous interchange of heat and material between a vapour stream and a liquid stream for air
    • F25J3/04006Providing pressurised feed air or process streams within or from the air fractionation unit
    • F25J3/04048Providing pressurised feed air or process streams within or from the air fractionation unit by compression of cold gaseous streams, e.g. intermediate or oxygen enriched (waste) streams
    • F25J3/0406Providing pressurised feed air or process streams within or from the air fractionation unit by compression of cold gaseous streams, e.g. intermediate or oxygen enriched (waste) streams of nitrogen
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25JLIQUEFACTION, SOLIDIFICATION OR SEPARATION OF GASES OR GASEOUS OR LIQUEFIED GASEOUS MIXTURES BY PRESSURE AND COLD TREATMENT OR BY BRINGING THEM INTO THE SUPERCRITICAL STATE
    • F25J3/00Processes or apparatus for separating the constituents of gaseous or liquefied gaseous mixtures involving the use of liquefaction or solidification
    • F25J3/02Processes or apparatus for separating the constituents of gaseous or liquefied gaseous mixtures involving the use of liquefaction or solidification by rectification, i.e. by continuous interchange of heat and material between a vapour stream and a liquid stream
    • F25J3/04Processes or apparatus for separating the constituents of gaseous or liquefied gaseous mixtures involving the use of liquefaction or solidification by rectification, i.e. by continuous interchange of heat and material between a vapour stream and a liquid stream for air
    • F25J3/04006Providing pressurised feed air or process streams within or from the air fractionation unit
    • F25J3/04078Providing pressurised feed air or process streams within or from the air fractionation unit providing pressurized products by liquid compression and vaporisation with cold recovery, i.e. so-called internal compression
    • F25J3/0409Providing pressurised feed air or process streams within or from the air fractionation unit providing pressurized products by liquid compression and vaporisation with cold recovery, i.e. so-called internal compression of oxygen
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25JLIQUEFACTION, SOLIDIFICATION OR SEPARATION OF GASES OR GASEOUS OR LIQUEFIED GASEOUS MIXTURES BY PRESSURE AND COLD TREATMENT OR BY BRINGING THEM INTO THE SUPERCRITICAL STATE
    • F25J3/00Processes or apparatus for separating the constituents of gaseous or liquefied gaseous mixtures involving the use of liquefaction or solidification
    • F25J3/02Processes or apparatus for separating the constituents of gaseous or liquefied gaseous mixtures involving the use of liquefaction or solidification by rectification, i.e. by continuous interchange of heat and material between a vapour stream and a liquid stream
    • F25J3/04Processes or apparatus for separating the constituents of gaseous or liquefied gaseous mixtures involving the use of liquefaction or solidification by rectification, i.e. by continuous interchange of heat and material between a vapour stream and a liquid stream for air
    • F25J3/04248Generation of cold for compensating heat leaks or liquid production, e.g. by Joule-Thompson expansion
    • F25J3/04278Generation of cold for compensating heat leaks or liquid production, e.g. by Joule-Thompson expansion using external refrigeration units, e.g. closed mechanical or regenerative refrigeration units
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25JLIQUEFACTION, SOLIDIFICATION OR SEPARATION OF GASES OR GASEOUS OR LIQUEFIED GASEOUS MIXTURES BY PRESSURE AND COLD TREATMENT OR BY BRINGING THEM INTO THE SUPERCRITICAL STATE
    • F25J3/00Processes or apparatus for separating the constituents of gaseous or liquefied gaseous mixtures involving the use of liquefaction or solidification
    • F25J3/02Processes or apparatus for separating the constituents of gaseous or liquefied gaseous mixtures involving the use of liquefaction or solidification by rectification, i.e. by continuous interchange of heat and material between a vapour stream and a liquid stream
    • F25J3/04Processes or apparatus for separating the constituents of gaseous or liquefied gaseous mixtures involving the use of liquefaction or solidification by rectification, i.e. by continuous interchange of heat and material between a vapour stream and a liquid stream for air
    • F25J3/04406Processes or apparatus for separating the constituents of gaseous or liquefied gaseous mixtures involving the use of liquefaction or solidification by rectification, i.e. by continuous interchange of heat and material between a vapour stream and a liquid stream for air using a dual pressure main column system
    • F25J3/04424Processes or apparatus for separating the constituents of gaseous or liquefied gaseous mixtures involving the use of liquefaction or solidification by rectification, i.e. by continuous interchange of heat and material between a vapour stream and a liquid stream for air using a dual pressure main column system without thermally coupled high and low pressure columns, i.e. a so-called split columns
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25JLIQUEFACTION, SOLIDIFICATION OR SEPARATION OF GASES OR GASEOUS OR LIQUEFIED GASEOUS MIXTURES BY PRESSURE AND COLD TREATMENT OR BY BRINGING THEM INTO THE SUPERCRITICAL STATE
    • F25J2200/00Processes or apparatus using separation by rectification
    • F25J2200/50Processes or apparatus using separation by rectification using multiple (re-)boiler-condensers at different heights of the column
    • F25J2200/52Processes or apparatus using separation by rectification using multiple (re-)boiler-condensers at different heights of the column in the high pressure column of a double pressure main column system
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25JLIQUEFACTION, SOLIDIFICATION OR SEPARATION OF GASES OR GASEOUS OR LIQUEFIED GASEOUS MIXTURES BY PRESSURE AND COLD TREATMENT OR BY BRINGING THEM INTO THE SUPERCRITICAL STATE
    • F25J2205/00Processes or apparatus using other separation and/or other processing means
    • F25J2205/24Processes or apparatus using other separation and/or other processing means using regenerators, cold accumulators or reversible heat exchangers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25JLIQUEFACTION, SOLIDIFICATION OR SEPARATION OF GASES OR GASEOUS OR LIQUEFIED GASEOUS MIXTURES BY PRESSURE AND COLD TREATMENT OR BY BRINGING THEM INTO THE SUPERCRITICAL STATE
    • F25J2270/00Refrigeration techniques used
    • F25J2270/90External refrigeration, e.g. conventional closed-loop mechanical refrigeration unit using Freon or NH3, unspecified external refrigeration
DEG12804A 1953-10-11 1953-10-11 A process for the fractionation of air Expired DE952908C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DEG12804A DE952908C (en) 1953-10-11 1953-10-11 A process for the fractionation of air

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DEG12804A DE952908C (en) 1953-10-11 1953-10-11 A process for the fractionation of air

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
DE952908C true DE952908C (en) 1956-11-22

Family

ID=7119881

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
DEG12804A Expired DE952908C (en) 1953-10-11 1953-10-11 A process for the fractionation of air

Country Status (1)

Country Link
DE (1) DE952908C (en)

Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1112997B (en) * 1960-08-13 1961-08-24 Linde Eismasch Ag Method and apparatus for gas separation by rectification at a low temperature
US3086371A (en) * 1957-09-12 1963-04-23 Air Prod & Chem Fractionation of gaseous mixtures
US3110155A (en) * 1960-04-11 1963-11-12 British Oxygen Co Ltd Improved process for the separation of air to produce a desired separation product in the gaseous phase under pressure
DE1199293B (en) * 1963-03-29 1965-08-26 Linde Eismasch Ag Method and apparatus for air separation in a Einsaeulenrektifikator
US3348385A (en) * 1964-12-23 1967-10-24 Gas Equipment Engineering Corp Separation of gas mixtures
EP0997694A2 (en) * 1998-10-30 2000-05-03 The Boc Group, Inc. Method and apparatus for separating air to produce an oxygen product
DE102007031759A1 (en) 2007-07-07 2009-01-08 Linde Ag Method and apparatus for producing gaseous pressure product by cryogenic separation of air
DE102007031765A1 (en) 2007-07-07 2009-01-08 Linde Ag Process for the cryogenic separation of air
DE102009034979A1 (en) 2009-04-28 2010-11-04 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Method for producing pressurized oxygen by evaporating liquid oxygen using a copper and nickel heat exchanger block
EP2312248A1 (en) 2009-10-07 2011-04-20 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Method and device for obtaining pressurised oxygen and krypton/xenon
EP2458311A1 (en) 2010-11-25 2012-05-30 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Method and device for creating a gaseous, pressurised product by the cryogenic decomposition of air
DE102010052544A1 (en) 2010-11-25 2012-05-31 Linde Ag Process for obtaining a gaseous product by cryogenic separation of air
EP2520886A1 (en) 2011-05-05 2012-11-07 Linde AG Method and device for creating gaseous oxygen pressurised product by the cryogenic decomposition of air
EP2568242A1 (en) 2011-09-08 2013-03-13 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Method and device for generating of steel
EP2600090A1 (en) 2011-12-01 2013-06-05 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Method and device for generating pressurised oxygen by cryogenic decomposition of air
DE102011121314A1 (en) 2011-12-16 2013-06-20 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Method for producing gaseous oxygen product in main heat exchanger system in distillation column system, involves providing turbines, where one of turbines drives compressor, and other turbine drives generator
DE102013017590A1 (en) 2013-10-22 2014-01-02 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Method for recovering methane-poor fluids in liquid air separation system to manufacture air product, involves vaporizing oxygen, krypton and xenon containing sump liquid in low pressure column by using multi-storey bath vaporizer
DE102012017488A1 (en) 2012-09-04 2014-03-06 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Method for building air separation plant, involves selecting air separation modules on basis of product specification of module set with different air pressure requirements
EP2784420A1 (en) 2013-03-26 2014-10-01 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Method for air separation and air separation plant
WO2014154339A2 (en) 2013-03-26 2014-10-02 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Method for air separation and air separation plant
EP2801777A1 (en) 2013-05-08 2014-11-12 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Air separation plant with main compressor drive
EP2963367A1 (en) 2014-07-05 2016-01-06 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Method and device for cryogenic air separation with variable power consumption
EP2963370A1 (en) 2014-07-05 2016-01-06 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Method and device for the cryogenic decomposition of air
EP2963371A1 (en) 2014-07-05 2016-01-06 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Method and device for creating a pressurised gas product by the cryogenic decomposition of air
EP2963369A1 (en) 2014-07-05 2016-01-06 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Method and device for the cryogenic decomposition of air

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE828845C (en) * 1950-02-04 1952-01-21 Messer Adolf Gmbh A process for the fractionation of air

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE828845C (en) * 1950-02-04 1952-01-21 Messer Adolf Gmbh A process for the fractionation of air

Cited By (33)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3086371A (en) * 1957-09-12 1963-04-23 Air Prod & Chem Fractionation of gaseous mixtures
US3110155A (en) * 1960-04-11 1963-11-12 British Oxygen Co Ltd Improved process for the separation of air to produce a desired separation product in the gaseous phase under pressure
DE1159971B (en) * 1960-04-11 1963-12-27 British Oxygen Co Ltd A process for obtaining gaseous and pressurized oxygen by separation of air
DE1112997B (en) * 1960-08-13 1961-08-24 Linde Eismasch Ag Method and apparatus for gas separation by rectification at a low temperature
DE1199293B (en) * 1963-03-29 1965-08-26 Linde Eismasch Ag Method and apparatus for air separation in a Einsaeulenrektifikator
US3348385A (en) * 1964-12-23 1967-10-24 Gas Equipment Engineering Corp Separation of gas mixtures
EP0997694A2 (en) * 1998-10-30 2000-05-03 The Boc Group, Inc. Method and apparatus for separating air to produce an oxygen product
EP0997694A3 (en) * 1998-10-30 2000-09-20 The Boc Group, Inc. Method and apparatus for separating air to produce an oxygen product
EP2015012A2 (en) 2007-07-07 2009-01-14 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Process for the cryogenic separation of air
DE102007031765A1 (en) 2007-07-07 2009-01-08 Linde Ag Process for the cryogenic separation of air
EP2015013A2 (en) 2007-07-07 2009-01-14 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Process and device for producing a gaseous pressurised product by cryogenic separation of air
DE102007031759A1 (en) 2007-07-07 2009-01-08 Linde Ag Method and apparatus for producing gaseous pressure product by cryogenic separation of air
DE102009034979A1 (en) 2009-04-28 2010-11-04 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Method for producing pressurized oxygen by evaporating liquid oxygen using a copper and nickel heat exchanger block
EP2312248A1 (en) 2009-10-07 2011-04-20 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Method and device for obtaining pressurised oxygen and krypton/xenon
EP2458311A1 (en) 2010-11-25 2012-05-30 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Method and device for creating a gaseous, pressurised product by the cryogenic decomposition of air
DE102010052544A1 (en) 2010-11-25 2012-05-31 Linde Ag Process for obtaining a gaseous product by cryogenic separation of air
EP2466236A1 (en) 2010-11-25 2012-06-20 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Method and device for creating a gaseous, pressurised product by the cryogenic decomposition of air
DE102010052545A1 (en) 2010-11-25 2012-05-31 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Method and apparatus for recovering a gaseous product by cryogenic separation of air
EP2520886A1 (en) 2011-05-05 2012-11-07 Linde AG Method and device for creating gaseous oxygen pressurised product by the cryogenic decomposition of air
EP2568242A1 (en) 2011-09-08 2013-03-13 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Method and device for generating of steel
DE102011112909A1 (en) 2011-09-08 2013-03-14 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Process and apparatus for recovering steel
EP2600090A1 (en) 2011-12-01 2013-06-05 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Method and device for generating pressurised oxygen by cryogenic decomposition of air
DE102011121314A1 (en) 2011-12-16 2013-06-20 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Method for producing gaseous oxygen product in main heat exchanger system in distillation column system, involves providing turbines, where one of turbines drives compressor, and other turbine drives generator
DE102012017488A1 (en) 2012-09-04 2014-03-06 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Method for building air separation plant, involves selecting air separation modules on basis of product specification of module set with different air pressure requirements
WO2014154339A2 (en) 2013-03-26 2014-10-02 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Method for air separation and air separation plant
EP2784420A1 (en) 2013-03-26 2014-10-01 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Method for air separation and air separation plant
EP2801777A1 (en) 2013-05-08 2014-11-12 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Air separation plant with main compressor drive
DE102013017590A1 (en) 2013-10-22 2014-01-02 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Method for recovering methane-poor fluids in liquid air separation system to manufacture air product, involves vaporizing oxygen, krypton and xenon containing sump liquid in low pressure column by using multi-storey bath vaporizer
EP2963367A1 (en) 2014-07-05 2016-01-06 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Method and device for cryogenic air separation with variable power consumption
EP2963370A1 (en) 2014-07-05 2016-01-06 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Method and device for the cryogenic decomposition of air
EP2963371A1 (en) 2014-07-05 2016-01-06 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Method and device for creating a pressurised gas product by the cryogenic decomposition of air
EP2963369A1 (en) 2014-07-05 2016-01-06 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Method and device for the cryogenic decomposition of air
WO2016005031A1 (en) 2014-07-05 2016-01-14 Linde Aktiengesellschaft Method and device for the low-temperature separation of air at variable energy consumption

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