DE928954C - Verfahren und Vorrichtung zur Verfluessigung von Gasen - Google Patents

Verfahren und Vorrichtung zur Verfluessigung von Gasen

Info

Publication number
DE928954C
DE928954C DEN7078A DEN0007078A DE928954C DE 928954 C DE928954 C DE 928954C DE N7078 A DEN7078 A DE N7078A DE N0007078 A DEN0007078 A DE N0007078A DE 928954 C DE928954 C DE 928954C
Authority
DE
Germany
Prior art keywords
liquefaction
gases
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired
Application number
DEN7078A
Other languages
English (en)
Inventor
Herbert Sixsmith
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
National Research Development Corp UK
Original Assignee
National Research Development Corp UK
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to GB339635X priority Critical
Priority to GB90453X priority
Application filed by National Research Development Corp UK filed Critical National Research Development Corp UK
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of DE928954C publication Critical patent/DE928954C/de
Expired legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25JLIQUEFACTION, SOLIDIFICATION OR SEPARATION OF GASES OR GASEOUS OR LIQUEFIED GASEOUS MIXTURES BY PRESSURE AND COLD TREATMENT OR BY BRINGING THEM INTO THE SUPERCRITICAL STATE
    • F25J1/00Processes or apparatus for liquefying or solidifying gases or gaseous mixtures
    • F25J1/0002Processes or apparatus for liquefying or solidifying gases or gaseous mixtures characterised by the fluid to be liquefied
    • F25J1/0012Primary atmospheric gases, e.g. air
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02KJET-PROPULSION PLANTS
    • F02K3/00Plants including a gas turbine driving a compressor or a ducted fan
    • F02K3/08Plants including a gas turbine driving a compressor or a ducted fan with supplementary heating of the working fluid; Control thereof
    • F02K3/10Plants including a gas turbine driving a compressor or a ducted fan with supplementary heating of the working fluid; Control thereof by after-burners
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25JLIQUEFACTION, SOLIDIFICATION OR SEPARATION OF GASES OR GASEOUS OR LIQUEFIED GASEOUS MIXTURES BY PRESSURE AND COLD TREATMENT OR BY BRINGING THEM INTO THE SUPERCRITICAL STATE
    • F25J1/00Processes or apparatus for liquefying or solidifying gases or gaseous mixtures
    • F25J1/003Processes or apparatus for liquefying or solidifying gases or gaseous mixtures characterised by the kind of cold generation within the liquefaction unit for compensating heat leaks and liquid production
    • F25J1/0032Processes or apparatus for liquefying or solidifying gases or gaseous mixtures characterised by the kind of cold generation within the liquefaction unit for compensating heat leaks and liquid production using the feed stream itself or separated fractions from it, i.e. "internal refrigeration"
    • F25J1/0035Processes or apparatus for liquefying or solidifying gases or gaseous mixtures characterised by the kind of cold generation within the liquefaction unit for compensating heat leaks and liquid production using the feed stream itself or separated fractions from it, i.e. "internal refrigeration" by gas expansion with extraction of work
    • F25J1/0037Processes or apparatus for liquefying or solidifying gases or gaseous mixtures characterised by the kind of cold generation within the liquefaction unit for compensating heat leaks and liquid production using the feed stream itself or separated fractions from it, i.e. "internal refrigeration" by gas expansion with extraction of work of a return stream
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25JLIQUEFACTION, SOLIDIFICATION OR SEPARATION OF GASES OR GASEOUS OR LIQUEFIED GASEOUS MIXTURES BY PRESSURE AND COLD TREATMENT OR BY BRINGING THEM INTO THE SUPERCRITICAL STATE
    • F25J1/00Processes or apparatus for liquefying or solidifying gases or gaseous mixtures
    • F25J1/003Processes or apparatus for liquefying or solidifying gases or gaseous mixtures characterised by the kind of cold generation within the liquefaction unit for compensating heat leaks and liquid production
    • F25J1/0032Processes or apparatus for liquefying or solidifying gases or gaseous mixtures characterised by the kind of cold generation within the liquefaction unit for compensating heat leaks and liquid production using the feed stream itself or separated fractions from it, i.e. "internal refrigeration"
    • F25J1/004Processes or apparatus for liquefying or solidifying gases or gaseous mixtures characterised by the kind of cold generation within the liquefaction unit for compensating heat leaks and liquid production using the feed stream itself or separated fractions from it, i.e. "internal refrigeration" by flash gas recovery
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25JLIQUEFACTION, SOLIDIFICATION OR SEPARATION OF GASES OR GASEOUS OR LIQUEFIED GASEOUS MIXTURES BY PRESSURE AND COLD TREATMENT OR BY BRINGING THEM INTO THE SUPERCRITICAL STATE
    • F25J1/00Processes or apparatus for liquefying or solidifying gases or gaseous mixtures
    • F25J1/02Processes or apparatus for liquefying or solidifying gases or gaseous mixtures requiring the use of refrigeration, e.g. of helium or hydrogen Details and kind of the refrigeration system used; Integration with other units or processes; Controlling aspects of the process
    • F25J1/0201Processes or apparatus for liquefying or solidifying gases or gaseous mixtures requiring the use of refrigeration, e.g. of helium or hydrogen Details and kind of the refrigeration system used; Integration with other units or processes; Controlling aspects of the process using only internal refrigeration means, i.e. without external refrigeration
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25JLIQUEFACTION, SOLIDIFICATION OR SEPARATION OF GASES OR GASEOUS OR LIQUEFIED GASEOUS MIXTURES BY PRESSURE AND COLD TREATMENT OR BY BRINGING THEM INTO THE SUPERCRITICAL STATE
    • F25J1/00Processes or apparatus for liquefying or solidifying gases or gaseous mixtures
    • F25J1/02Processes or apparatus for liquefying or solidifying gases or gaseous mixtures requiring the use of refrigeration, e.g. of helium or hydrogen Details and kind of the refrigeration system used; Integration with other units or processes; Controlling aspects of the process
    • F25J1/0243Start-up or control of the process; Details of the apparatus used; Details of the refrigerant compression system used
    • F25J1/0257Construction and layout of liquefaction equipments, e.g. valves, machines
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25JLIQUEFACTION, SOLIDIFICATION OR SEPARATION OF GASES OR GASEOUS OR LIQUEFIED GASEOUS MIXTURES BY PRESSURE AND COLD TREATMENT OR BY BRINGING THEM INTO THE SUPERCRITICAL STATE
    • F25J2205/00Processes or apparatus using other separation and/or other processing means
    • F25J2205/24Processes or apparatus using other separation and/or other processing means using regenerators, cold accumulators or reversible heat exchangers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25JLIQUEFACTION, SOLIDIFICATION OR SEPARATION OF GASES OR GASEOUS OR LIQUEFIED GASEOUS MIXTURES BY PRESSURE AND COLD TREATMENT OR BY BRINGING THEM INTO THE SUPERCRITICAL STATE
    • F25J2240/00Processes or apparatus involving steps for expanding of process streams
    • F25J2240/02Expansion of a process fluid in a work-extracting turbine (i.e. isentropic expansion), e.g. of the feed stream
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25JLIQUEFACTION, SOLIDIFICATION OR SEPARATION OF GASES OR GASEOUS OR LIQUEFIED GASEOUS MIXTURES BY PRESSURE AND COLD TREATMENT OR BY BRINGING THEM INTO THE SUPERCRITICAL STATE
    • F25J2290/00Other details not covered by groups F25J2200/00 - F25J2280/00
    • F25J2290/42Modularity, pre-fabrication of modules, assembling and erection, horizontal layout, i.e. plot plan, and vertical arrangement of parts of the cryogenic unit, e.g. of the cold box
DEN7078A 1952-04-22 1953-04-23 Verfahren und Vorrichtung zur Verfluessigung von Gasen Expired DE928954C (de)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB339635X 1952-04-22
GB90453X 1953-04-09

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
DE928954C true DE928954C (de) 1955-06-16

Family

ID=26242615

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
DEN7078A Expired DE928954C (de) 1952-04-22 1953-04-23 Verfahren und Vorrichtung zur Verfluessigung von Gasen

Country Status (6)

Country Link
US (1) US2760356A (de)
BE (1) BE519364A (de)
CH (1) CH339635A (de)
DE (1) DE928954C (de)
FR (1) FR1076409A (de)
GB (1) GB727904A (de)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1135934B (de) * 1957-09-05 1962-09-06 Nat Res Dev Regenerativer Waermeaustauscher zwischen einer Hochdruckgas erzeugenden Anlage und einer Vorrichtung zur Entspannung und Abkuehlung dieses Gases

Families Citing this family (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2929548A (en) * 1956-06-29 1960-03-22 Cooper Bessemer Corp Turbocompressor
US3075362A (en) * 1957-09-25 1963-01-29 Linde Eismasch Ag Process for separating so2 and constituents of a similar dew point from gases by means of regenerators
BE575166A (de) * 1958-01-29
GB863961A (en) * 1959-01-23 1961-03-29 Hymatic Eng Co Ltd Improvements relating to gas liquefiers
FR1234314A (fr) * 1959-05-15 1960-10-17 Air Liquide Procédé de liquéfaction d'un gaz
US3116135A (en) * 1960-04-18 1963-12-31 Conch Int Methane Ltd Gas liquefaction process
GB900325A (en) * 1960-09-02 1962-07-04 Conch Int Methane Ltd Improvements in processes for the liquefaction of gases
US3205679A (en) * 1961-06-27 1965-09-14 Air Prod & Chem Low temperature refrigeration system having filter and absorber means
US3180709A (en) * 1961-06-29 1965-04-27 Union Carbide Corp Process for liquefaction of lowboiling gases
US3161232A (en) * 1961-08-14 1964-12-15 Hydrocarbon Research Inc Refrigeration-heating circuit
DE1235345B (de) * 1961-09-19 1967-03-02 Philips Nv Speicherwaermetauscher mit einer Fuellmasse, die abwechselnd in einer Richtung von zu kuehlendem und in der anderen Richtung von zu erwaermendem Medium durchflossen ist
US3182461A (en) * 1961-09-19 1965-05-11 Hydrocarbon Research Inc Natural gas liquefaction and separation
BE622735A (de) * 1961-09-22 1900-01-01
US3768254A (en) * 1962-07-09 1973-10-30 Boeing Co Rocket propulsion method and means
US3241327A (en) * 1963-12-18 1966-03-22 Fleur Corp Waste heat recovery in air fractionation
US3302865A (en) * 1964-07-16 1967-02-07 Union Carbide Corp Gas-bearing assembly
US3250079A (en) * 1965-03-15 1966-05-10 Little Inc A Cryogenic liquefying-refrigerating method and apparatus
DE2538611C2 (de) * 1975-08-29 1983-09-08 Linde Ag, 6200 Wiesbaden, De
US6920759B2 (en) 1996-12-24 2005-07-26 Hitachi, Ltd. Cold heat reused air liquefaction/vaporization and storage gas turbine electric power system
US8063511B2 (en) * 2008-05-27 2011-11-22 Expansion Energy, Llc System and method for liquid air production, power storage and power release
US7821158B2 (en) * 2008-05-27 2010-10-26 Expansion Energy, Llc System and method for liquid air production, power storage and power release
US7870746B2 (en) * 2008-05-27 2011-01-18 Expansion Energy, Llc System and method for liquid air production, power storage and power release
US8907524B2 (en) 2013-05-09 2014-12-09 Expansion Energy Llc Systems and methods of semi-centralized power storage and power production for multi-directional smart grid and other applications

Family Cites Families (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1027863A (en) * 1911-10-23 1912-05-28 Carl Von Linde Apparatus for the separation of hydrogen.
GB191501086A (en) * 1914-01-31 1916-01-24 George Francois Jaubert Improvements in or relating to the Liquefaction of Gases.
US1264845A (en) * 1915-03-03 1918-04-30 Jefferies Morton Corp Process of refrigeraiton.
US1901389A (en) * 1928-10-18 1933-03-14 Hazard-Flamand Maurice Process for liquefying and rectifying air
US2165994A (en) * 1933-03-24 1939-07-11 Linde Eismasch Ag Turbine for low temperature gas separation
US2529880A (en) * 1949-03-15 1950-11-14 Elliott Co Turboexpander

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1135934B (de) * 1957-09-05 1962-09-06 Nat Res Dev Regenerativer Waermeaustauscher zwischen einer Hochdruckgas erzeugenden Anlage und einer Vorrichtung zur Entspannung und Abkuehlung dieses Gases

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CH339635A (fr) 1959-07-15
FR1076409A (de) 1954-10-26
GB727904A (en) 1955-04-13
US2760356A (en) 1956-08-28
BE519364A (de)

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
DE970433C (de) Verfahren und Vorrichtung zur Entfernung von feinverteilter suspendierter Materie aus Gasen
DE1019806B (de) Verfahren und Vorrichtung zur Herstellung von Glaskuegelchen
DE961090C (de) Verfahren und Vorrichtung zur Trennung niedrigsiedender Gasgemische
DE960006C (de) Verfahren und Vorrichtung zur Herstellung von Aluminiumoxyd
DE1026875B (de) Method and apparatus for manufacturing semiconductors
DE928954C (de) Verfahren und Vorrichtung zur Verfluessigung von Gasen
DE1022189B (de) Verfahren und Vorrichtung zur Schaumzerstoerung
AT188510B (de) Verfahren und Vorrichtung zur Herstellung von schrumpffähigen Schläuchen
DE1010244B (de) Method and device for the production of glass fibers
DE870639C (de) Method and device for stacking paper bags
AT196333B (de) Verfahren und Vorrichtung zur Herstellung von Stahlrohren
DE882541C (de) Method and device for the separation or purification of gas mixtures
DE944449C (de) Verfahren und Vorrichtung zur katalytischen Umwandlung von Kohlenwasserstoffoelen
DE951815C (de) Method and device for controlling a compression refrigeration system
DE1001886B (de) Verfahren und Vorrichtung zur Herstellung von Beuteln
DE1101462B (de) Verfahren und Vorrichtung zur Verfluessigung von Erdgas fuer Versand und Speicherung
DE1086255B (de) Verfahren und Vorrichtung zur Rueckkondensation von Gasen
DE1147367B (de) Verfahren und Vorrichtung zum Klimatisieren von Raeumen
CH322397A (de) Verfahren und Vorrichtung zur Herstellung von Treibriemen
AT188495B (de) Verfahren und Vorrichtungen zur kontinuierlichen Herstellung von Spanplatten
DE1026768B (de) Verfahren und Vorrichtung zur Zerlegung von Luft
DE1030373B (de) Verfahren und Vorrichtung zur Zerlegung von Gasgemischen bei niedriger Temperatur
DE900056C (de) Verfahren und Vorrichtung zur Herstellung von Schnellpolster
DE953700C (de) Verfahren und Vorrichtung zur Gewinnung von acetylenfreiem AEthylen
CH325444A (de) Verfahren und Vorrichtung zur Zerstäubung von Flüssigkeiten