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Elektrochemische umwandlung von wasserfreien wasserstoffhaliden zu halogengas unter zuhilfenahme von kationtransportmembranen

Info

Publication number
DE69419433D1
DE69419433D1 DE1994619433 DE69419433A DE69419433D1 DE 69419433 D1 DE69419433 D1 DE 69419433D1 DE 1994619433 DE1994619433 DE 1994619433 DE 69419433 A DE69419433 A DE 69419433A DE 69419433 D1 DE69419433 D1 DE 69419433D1
Authority
DE
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
DE1994619433
Other languages
English (en)
Other versions
DE69419433T2 (de )
Inventor
James A Trainham
Clarence Garlan Law
John Scott Newman
Kenneth Bernard Keating
Douglas John Eames
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
South Carolina Research Foundation (SCRF)
Original Assignee
E I du Pont de Nemours and Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D61/00Processes of separation using semi-permeable membranes, e.g. dialysis, osmosis, ultrafiltration; Apparatus, accessories or auxiliary operations specially adapted therefor
    • B01D61/42Electrodialysis; Electro-osmosis Electro-ultrafiltration
    • B01D61/44Ion-selective electrodialysis
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C25ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25BELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF COMPOUNDS OR NON-METALS; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25B1/00Electrolytic production of inorganic compounds or non-metals
    • C25B1/14Electrolytic production of inorganic compounds or non-metals of alkali metal compounds
    • C25B1/16Hydroxides
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C25ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25BELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF COMPOUNDS OR NON-METALS; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25B1/00Electrolytic production of inorganic compounds or non-metals
    • C25B1/22Electrolytic production of inorganic compounds or non-metals of inorganic acids
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C25ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25BELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF COMPOUNDS OR NON-METALS; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25B1/00Electrolytic production of inorganic compounds or non-metals
    • C25B1/24Electrolytic production of inorganic compounds or non-metals of halogens or compounds thereof
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C25ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25BELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF COMPOUNDS OR NON-METALS; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25B1/00Electrolytic production of inorganic compounds or non-metals
    • C25B1/24Electrolytic production of inorganic compounds or non-metals of halogens or compounds thereof
    • C25B1/26Chlorine; Compounds thereof
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C25ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25BELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF COMPOUNDS OR NON-METALS; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25B15/00Operating or servicing of cells
    • C25B15/08Supplying or removing reactants or electrolytes; Regeneration of electrolytes
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C25ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25BELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF COMPOUNDS OR NON-METALS; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25B9/00Cells or assemblies of cells; Constructional parts of cells; Assemblies of constructional parts, e.g. electrode-diaphragm assemblies
    • C25B9/04Devices for current supply; Electrode connections; Electric inter-cell connections
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C25ELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25BELECTROLYTIC OR ELECTROPHORETIC PROCESSES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF COMPOUNDS OR NON-METALS; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C25B9/00Cells or assemblies of cells; Constructional parts of cells; Assemblies of constructional parts, e.g. electrode-diaphragm assemblies
    • C25B9/06Cells comprising dimensionally-stable non-movable electrodes; Assemblies of constructional parts thereof
    • C25B9/08Cells comprising dimensionally-stable non-movable electrodes; Assemblies of constructional parts thereof with diaphragms
    • C25B9/10Cells comprising dimensionally-stable non-movable electrodes; Assemblies of constructional parts thereof with diaphragms including an ion-exchange membrane in or on which electrode material is embedded
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M4/00Electrodes
    • H01M4/86Inert electrodes with catalytic activity, e.g. for fuel cells
    • H01M4/90Selection of catalytic material
    • H01M4/9075Catalytic material supported on carriers, e.g. powder carriers
    • H01M4/9083Catalytic material supported on carriers, e.g. powder carriers on carbon or graphite
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M4/00Electrodes
    • H01M4/86Inert electrodes with catalytic activity, e.g. for fuel cells
    • H01M4/90Selection of catalytic material
    • H01M4/92Metals of platinum group
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M8/00Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M8/02Details
    • H01M8/0202Collectors; Separators, e.g. bipolar separators; Interconnectors
    • H01M8/0204Non-porous and characterised by the material
    • H01M8/0206Metals or alloys
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M8/00Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M8/02Details
    • H01M8/0202Collectors; Separators, e.g. bipolar separators; Interconnectors
    • H01M8/0204Non-porous and characterised by the material
    • H01M8/0213Gas-impermeable carbon-containing materials
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M8/00Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M8/24Grouping of fuel cells, e.g. stacking of fuel cells
    • H01M8/2465Details of groupings of fuel cells
    • H01M8/247Arrangements for tightening a stack, for accommodation of a stack in a tank or for assembling different tanks
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M2300/00Electrolytes
    • H01M2300/0017Non-aqueous electrolytes
    • H01M2300/0065Solid electrolytes
    • H01M2300/0082Organic polymers
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M8/00Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M8/02Details
    • H01M8/0202Collectors; Separators, e.g. bipolar separators; Interconnectors
    • H01M8/0204Non-porous and characterised by the material
    • H01M8/0206Metals or alloys
    • H01M8/0208Alloys
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M8/00Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M8/02Details
    • H01M8/0202Collectors; Separators, e.g. bipolar separators; Interconnectors
    • H01M8/0204Non-porous and characterised by the material
    • H01M8/0223Composites
    • H01M8/0228Composites in the form of layered or coated products
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/50Manufacturing or production processes characterised by the final manufactured product
    • Y02P70/56Manufacturing of fuel cells
DE1994619433 1993-11-22 1994-08-30 Elektrochemische umwandlung von wasserfreien wasserstoffhaliden zu halogengas unter zuhilfenahme von kationtransportmembranen Expired - Lifetime DE69419433D1 (de)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US08156196 US5411641A (en) 1993-11-22 1993-11-22 Electrochemical conversion of anhydrous hydrogen halide to halogen gas using a cation-transporting membrane
PCT/US1994/009526 WO1995014796A1 (en) 1993-11-22 1994-08-30 Electrochemical conversion of anhydrous hydrogen halide to halogen gas using a cation-transporting membrane

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
DE69419433D1 true DE69419433D1 (de) 1999-08-12

Family

ID=22558523

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
DE1994619433 Expired - Lifetime DE69419433T2 (de) 1993-11-22 1994-08-30 Elektrochemische umwandlung von wasserfreien wasserstoffhaliden zu halogengas unter zuhilfenahme von kationtransportmembranen
DE1994619433 Expired - Lifetime DE69419433D1 (de) 1993-11-22 1994-08-30 Elektrochemische umwandlung von wasserfreien wasserstoffhaliden zu halogengas unter zuhilfenahme von kationtransportmembranen

Family Applications Before (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
DE1994619433 Expired - Lifetime DE69419433T2 (de) 1993-11-22 1994-08-30 Elektrochemische umwandlung von wasserfreien wasserstoffhaliden zu halogengas unter zuhilfenahme von kationtransportmembranen

Country Status (8)

Country Link
US (4) US5411641A (de)
JP (2) JPH09505636A (de)
CN (1) CN1077151C (de)
CA (2) CA2177134A1 (de)
DE (2) DE69419433T2 (de)
EP (2) EP0730676A1 (de)
ES (1) ES2135596T3 (de)
WO (2) WO1995014797A1 (de)

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US4959132A (en) * 1988-05-18 1990-09-25 North Carolina State University Preparing in situ electrocatalytic films in solid polymer electrolyte membranes, composite microelectrode structures produced thereby and chloralkali process utilizing the same
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JP5636873B2 (ja) 2010-10-26 2014-12-10 富士通株式会社 筐体機構

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EP0730675B1 (de) 1999-07-07 grant
CA2177133C (en) 2000-12-26 grant
WO1995014796A1 (en) 1995-06-01 application
JPH09503553A (ja) 1997-04-08 application
USRE37042E1 (en) 2001-02-06 grant
JPH09505636A (ja) 1997-06-03 application
US5580437A (en) 1996-12-03 grant
EP0730675A1 (de) 1996-09-11 application
ES2135596T3 (es) 1999-11-01 grant
EP0730676A1 (de) 1996-09-11 application
CA2177134A1 (en) 1995-06-01 application
DE69419433T2 (de) 1999-11-25 grant
WO1995014797A1 (en) 1995-06-01 application
CN1141656A (zh) 1997-01-29 application
JP2841868B2 (ja) 1998-12-24 grant
US5411641A (en) 1995-05-02 grant
CN1077151C (zh) 2002-01-02 grant
USRE36985E (en) 2000-12-12 grant

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