DE60129958T2 - Transport and shift loading system for waggons in a railway station for combined rail / road transport and related method - Google Patents

Transport and shift loading system for waggons in a railway station for combined rail / road transport and related method

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Publication number
DE60129958T2
DE60129958T2 DE2001629958 DE60129958T DE60129958T2 DE 60129958 T2 DE60129958 T2 DE 60129958T2 DE 2001629958 DE2001629958 DE 2001629958 DE 60129958 T DE60129958 T DE 60129958T DE 60129958 T2 DE60129958 T2 DE 60129958T2
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Germany
Prior art keywords
transport
support
railway
loading
wagon
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
DE2001629958
Other languages
German (de)
Other versions
DE60129958D1 (en
Inventor
Jean-Luc Andre
Sebastien Lange
Robert Lohr
Jacques Ober
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Lohr Industrie SA
Original Assignee
Lohr Industrie SA
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to FR0008099A priority Critical patent/FR2810612B1/en
Priority to FR0008099 priority
Application filed by Lohr Industrie SA filed Critical Lohr Industrie SA
Priority to PCT/FR2001/001930 priority patent/WO2001098127A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of DE60129958D1 publication Critical patent/DE60129958D1/en
Publication of DE60129958T2 publication Critical patent/DE60129958T2/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61DBODY DETAILS OR KINDS OF RAILWAY VEHICLES
    • B61D3/00Wagons or vans
    • B61D3/16Wagons or vans adapted for carrying special loads
    • B61D3/18Wagons or vans adapted for carrying special loads for vehicles
    • B61D3/182Wagons or vans adapted for carrying special loads for vehicles specially adapted for heavy vehicles, e.g. public work vehicles, trucks, trailers
    • B61D3/184Wagons or vans adapted for carrying special loads for vehicles specially adapted for heavy vehicles, e.g. public work vehicles, trucks, trailers the heavy vehicles being of the trailer or semi-trailer type
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61DBODY DETAILS OR KINDS OF RAILWAY VEHICLES
    • B61D47/00Loading or unloading devices combined with vehicles, e.g. loading platforms, doors convertible into loading and unloading ramps
    • B61D47/005Loading or unloading devices combined with road vehicles carrying wagons, e.g. ramps, turntables, lifting means

Description

  • The The invention relates to a transport and a loading / unloading system, made up of a variety of wagons and loading / unloading points of heavy goods vehicles, of parts of these vehicles under the combined rail / road transport, which is also known under the name of an alternative transport.
  • The The invention also relates to the loading / unloading method, which used the succession of bodies and wagons that together form the necessary means for this purpose.
  • Of the Space requirements of roads and highways, especially due to the strong Weight bearing, and the increase in pollution have the Development of the search for alternative solutions causes.
  • To heard this the combined rail / road Traffic, transport over Track installations at long distances of road vehicles laden with goods while providing the Nahtransport remains in its traditional form.
  • To This method becomes the containers, moving boxes, trailers or Vehicles loaded in then unloaded cars at railway terminals of train stations.
  • Regarding the Materials and Facilities are proposed three major categories of solutions.
  • A of them is to create railways, that is, whole Trains, up those attached to trucks trailer or semitrailer a after rolling up to a certain transport location on the entire available area of the train, even between two wagons. This solution has the advantage of being practical and to be fast. The unloading takes place by the transport of the Vehicles in the same direction to the opposite end of the train, about that they entered. After that, they recover the road network via a truck lane. This solution however, has many disadvantages. First of all, you have to mention those who with the standard Loading and unloading are connected. A defective vehicle will be the Block the remainder of the series. You can drive a vehicle Do not load or unload with priority. In addition, the loading takes connected with queuing, always long and can not lose weight. This solution also includes the main drawback, the transport of the tractor to need when he is from his follower would be separated or from its semitrailer, could serve other road transports. Besides, they are the owners of the tractors and trailers or semitrailers not the same and do not necessarily have the same idea of the profitable design of their material.
  • A other category of exceptional solutions in terms of the road container, but also the trailer and the semitrailer, concerns the manipulation of the road load through external Means from a platform where they are removed from the tractor or from the truck to load it into a wagon. In this Category become heavy and expensive work tools for the maintenance and used the energy consumption. You also need the presence of a specialist.
  • A turn another category of solutions, to which the present invention belongs, refers to the individual Loading the complete vehicle or only the trailer or semitrailer, and more generally from a truck load through his impulse energy or him with the help of the driver of the Vehicle is attached to it.
  • One solution is to design a wagon with a fixed load-bearing structure that mechanically connects the two terminal platforms and carries a movable floor that supports the truck load, see US-A-3,584,584 ,
  • These supporting structure of mechanical connections provides an additional opposite consistent thickness that is contrary to The requirement of small thickness, which makes it possible, the maximum size of Take advantage of the train down.
  • Of the general scope of the invention is that of combined rail / road transport systems, in which the wagons include a rotatable railroad support structure and carry the truck load, with this supporting structure mounted thereon and with two terminal ones Platforms put together each of which is carried by a railway bogie.
  • In The strict scope of the invention, only the wagons, the carry an animated by a rotary motion railway structure, as the Illustrated in the art illustratively. These waggons point the first advantage, loading and unloading in an inclined position of the supporting structure and, therefore, by means of an adapted entry and exit platform, around the truck load entering and exiting the support structure to enable by their own means or those normally associated with them.
  • The Transport systems put this other type of wagon into operation, after which the ends of the railway carrying structures from the terminal platforms solvable or not, and especially where the two are at the same time solvable are.
  • If the simultaneous liberation of the two ends has interesting advantages It brings, above all, the load of trucks through the one or to be able to reach or exit the other end while the new truck load arrives on the other side, serious Disadvantages, since the terminal Platforms that are detached from the railway structure, which are the mechanical Secured link among them, not keeping their original location can. In fact, the remaining forces will be on the terminal platforms attached and the reaction forces Follow with the separation of the ends of the railway support structure the terminal Platforms, as well as the efforts of the access or the movement of the vehicles on the railway support structure, and call one Displacement of the same along the track. This shift is sufficient to quickly and easily reset the railway support structure in terms of the return to prevent after loading or unloading.
  • The The present invention has the object of concurrently the two most important ones Preserving the place of the terminal platforms and thus reach the bogies during loading and unloading and optimal to benefit from the rail loading profile.
  • The Invention also has the aim of loading and unloading without external heavy Material to realize or to invite everything to the advantage an energy independent Benefit truck load, that is, it can be moved or by their own means or by the means with which she is usually connected.
  • The The invention further has the goal of being individual or selective Loading / unloading for to allow all carriages of the same train.
  • Various technical solutions have already been proposed for the movement of the platform, among them the German patent of TALBOT No. 3234374 and the Publication PCT No. 81 02142 in the name of BEHRENS, in which the supporting structure rotates about an end pivot and about a turning center to place in an oblique position to the direction of the turn.
  • These solutions have to, valid to be more technical-technical advantages than disadvantages, this means To meet the set goals and purposes, by the road and railway regulations comply.
  • So The interesting invention must simultaneously meet the different conditions and relative requirements loading and unloading truckloads on or off the railroad structures fulfill, this in a minimum of time and with the utmost convenience for the operators and everything must comply with the safety regulations and one profitability this transport mode change.
  • So can the various purposes that allow it to be formulated a combined rail / road transport system, and have many advantages.
  • The The first object of the invention is to provide a road load to road dimensions to admit and to report the wagon that this road load transported in railway gauge. Considering the maximum Dimensions, per railroad gauge profile and road masses must be obtained at payload level on the wagon. So you put the bottom of the railroad support structure so far below as possible and this railway support structure is realized with a thin floor, in any case so thin as possible considering the commandments of mechanical resistance.
  • One another important goal concerns the ease and the speed the return to the Place of origin of the railway carrying structure after the opening and closing maneuvers of the wagon during the loading / unloading phases and the aspect of individual loading / unloading parallel to the wagons. To solution move from the connection that represents the load-bearing structure the bogies due to the presence of residual forces in the carriages, the buffers, the suspensions and other devices. You can also in view of the access movements to the mainstream Structure, a shift to the same and a removal of the same or due to shocks move. It corrects this disadvantage by the terminal one Assigns a position to the platforms by the means of restraint Ground or by maintaining a distance from the same in one constant distance is given.
  • An additional objective is not to interfere with the payload volume of the truck by the presence of load and rail load structure and manipulation equipment of the truck load. These resources would hinder the wagon and would require additional energy sources to be charged. So the truck load shifts by its own means in the loading and unloading Discharge phases and the necessary for the maneuvers power drive means are outside the wagon and supplied with energy from external sources. This energy independence between the wagon, the load and the drive means makes it possible to facilitate the wagon and to simplify the energy distribution. So the means of the engines are on the railway infrastructure and on the truck load or on its tractor.
  • One Another goal is to limit the Nutztriebfahrt the lifting means of the railway support structure. In fact, each extra generates Length of the route the decoupling means, given the importance of the masses in the Game, for example, by lifting, new, much more important forces, the through additional costs of the consumed energy and over-dimensioning of the equipments.
  • So At shorter distances the maneuvers become simple movements reduced by low amplitude and there are only moderate costs for the Acquisition, operation and maintenance.
  • To the desired implementation is the lifting movement of the railway supporting structure after the lifting the suspensions was compensated, further by a Nutzfahrt followed by weak amplitude, which is just necessary for the solution of Connections between the railway support structure and the terminal platforms, for example the solution the ends of the supporting structure from their storage in or on the prop the terminal Platforms.
  • One other additional Target concerns the passage of the tensile forces. These must be completely from the supporting structure and its connections with the terminal platforms be sustained to use an additional lower structure of great avoid mechanical resistance, causing a significant overload and an additional one Thickness represents. The present invention uses the bearing Structure to the tensile forces to transfer to the other end of the wagon.
  • After all The invention aims to make the cars of the train in a suitable Position to the equipment of the Rail and platform to place easily and quickly loading / unloading to put into practice.
  • The Invention also has the aim of a particularly resistant wagon not only against all the extraordinary powers he has in the course of his life Use can endure, but also associated with all extraordinary forces loading and unloading and maneuvering important loads, like those of road vehicles for transporting goods.
  • The The invention also aims to propose a railway supporting structure, to which the load arrives by its own means, these being carrying structure over an external holding device on the wagon, which is independent of it, is placed on the wagon.
  • The Invention aims simultaneously for all the above purposes and leads one powerful and reliable global solution cause the majority of the disadvantages of the previous realizations remedies.
  • To For this purpose, the invention relates to one of combined Rail / road transport system formed by at least one track, wagons and loading / unloading points, characterized in that each wagon is made up of two terminal platforms and a railway carrying structure of a truck load, rotatably mounted on this wagon and with the terminal platforms is connected by releasable Connections and locks of a rigid assembly and thereby that each item is equipped on the ground and at the height of each Loading / Entladestandorts at least one lifting and lowering means and at least one rotating Driving means of the supporting structure, which makes it possible, the solution and to accomplish the panning to the platform, the latter is equipped with recovery and reception means and around the Trace rotation on the platform, the unit comprises holding elements in position and representation of the terminal platforms, one position, in which they are when the wagon is in a dissolved state is.
  • Other Features and advantages of the invention will become apparent in the following description explains Examples given and illustrated by drawings:
  • 1 is a general plan view of a rail / road transport station / rail terminal station into which the system is implemented according to the invention;
  • 2 is a plan view of several locations for loading / unloading wagons in place;
  • 3 is a schematically simplified view and view from a loading / unloading location and with their equipment on the ground without a car with a schematic representation of the position, which rotates obliquely from the railway support structure;
  • 4 is a general schematic view with perspective to the entirety of a carriage having a supporting structure in a separate position of the car body in a version with central center of rotation;
  • 5 is a schematic perspective view of the entirety of a carriage having a supporting structure in a separate position of the car body in a version with central Enddrehmitte;
  • 6 Figure 3 is a general perspective view of the entirety of a carriage having a supporting structure in a disassembled position of the corresponding wagon body in a practical implementation with a central turning center and a longitudinal and connecting element between the two terminal platforms;
  • 7 is a view with the perspective under the end of the railway carrying structure, which more specifically points out the supporting wake and rolling;
  • 8th Figure 3 is a generally simplified and schematic view of a wagon with a restraint link provided between the terminal platforms;
  • 9 Fig. 3 is a schematic cross-sectional view showing a shape of the restraint and connecting device in an extended position in the ground storage with the lower part of the railroad light space profile shown;
  • 10 is a simplified overall view with the perspective from above and obliquely to the embodiment of the invention in the center of the center of rotation;
  • 11 is a simplified overall view with the perspective from underneath and obliquely to the embodiment of the invention with central center of rotation;
  • 12 is an oblique detail perspective view over the central part of the connecting longitudinal element according to the embodiment of 10 and 11 ;
  • 13 is an oblique detail perspective view under the central part of the connecting longitudinal element according to the embodiment of the 10 and 11 ;
  • 14 is a schematic view in cross section of the railway support structure and of the connecting longitudinal element;
  • the 15 and 16 Fig. 3 are schematic longitudinal sectional views illustrating the operation of the rotation center;
  • the 17 to 19 Fig. 3 are schematic longitudinal sections showing other sectional shapes of the stowage and connection device;
  • 20 is a perspective view of the assembly connection at the level of the ends of the railway support structure underneath. 21 Fig. 12 is a perspective view of the assembly joint at the level of the ends of the railway support structure thereon;
  • 22 Figure 11 is an enlarged detail view of the locking mechanism of the releasable assembly connection of the ends of the railroad support structure viewed from one side;
  • 23 Figure 3 is an enlarged detail view of the locking mechanism of the releasable assembly connection of the ends of the railroad support structure seen from the other side;
  • 24 Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the entire unit of the lifting device according to the invention obliquely and seen from above;
  • 25 is a perspective view of the total lifting device according to the invention obliquely and seen from below;
  • 26 is a perspective view showing the device according to the invention, the support and roll holder and schematically the end of the supporting structure of the car, with which the motorized rollers of the device according to the invention come into contact by lifting and rolling;
  • the 27 to 30 are the different schemes showing the operating phases:
    • • in low position when retracted ( 27 )
    • • lifting movement without loading ( 28 )
    • • contact with the underside of the wagon ( 29 )
    • • Lifting movement under load ( 30 )
  • 31 is a schematic view accordingly 30 on which a device of a terminal platform mounted on this device was shown,
  • the 32 and 33 Fig. 2 are profile views and a half plan view of an example of a centering or positioning device.
  • This invention relates to wagons having a rotatable track structure and, more particularly, to a system employing a particular wagon of this type, with all its variants as the object of a parallel depot, on which should refer to here.
  • In the case of non-inclusion of this description by simple reference, one must start with the description which follows that relating to that deposit with respect to the 4 to 23 ,
  • The same applies to the whole description regarding another parallel depot with respect to a device at the Lifting and driving floor of the load-bearing structure, likewise included in the description of the present invention below is.
  • The The present invention relates to wagons for combined rail / road transport also called alternative, with a pivoting railroad support structure the truck load, and this whatever the position of the turning center be the wagon. The latter can indeed be central, in the end, or be centered.
  • The The general aim is to minimize loading / unloading operations in a minimum of and to make time comfort by an oblique insertion of sufficient amplitude for the Railway structure.
  • In the 4 and 5 two general basic variants of the wagon have been shown, which differ according to the invention only by the position of the center of rotation of the supporting web structure. These variants will serve the following general description of the invention by the general means.
  • The Invention is apparent from the inventive general idea that it consists of, for a swiveling railway support structure loaded with the truck load a combined rail / road dolly, terminal platforms dismantle the wagon by at least one of its ends, by one of its rotational centers remains mounted to rotate on one oblique loading / unloading position arrive, the ends of this page quite separate from the terminal platform, then after a reverse rotation, the integrity of the wagon after a quick reassembly, which is easy and determines a rigid connection between the terminal platforms and the load-bearing railway structure.
  • The typical wagon 1 includes two terminal platforms 2 and 3 supported by one or more bogies or one or more axles 4 or 5 , These terminal platforms 2 and 3 are interconnected by a railway support structure 6 connected, which forms a unit with this by their ends by means of rigid assembly compounds, these compounds are detachable and rotatable. These terminal platforms 2 and 3 are under themselves by a railway carrying structure 6 connected, which forms a unit with these with their ends by means of rigid assembly joints, these compounds are separable and lockable.
  • The railway carrying structure 6 is a receptacle body that is characterized by a low floor 7 is formed, in particular of small thickness flat on the ground 8th or otherwise designed, for example, a longitudinal storage 9 with rejuvenation in the form of a tunnel 10 having. The railway carrying structure 6 also includes two side barriers 11 and 12 , for example, of low height, limited at the top by upper side members 13 and 14 which extend beyond the body to the ends as well as under 15 technically designed to end in this way on the provided in the receiving structure complementary receiving training 16 to be carried and latched there with respect to the corresponding end platform or each end platform 2 or 3 with a view to forming, in the assembled state, a releasable rigid assembly connection through which all traction forces pass and those which derive from the advancing movements. The wagon 1 thus forms a solid mechanical and rigid unit when closed, which is identical to a one-piece wagon.
  • The wagon also has lower longitudinal edges 17 and 18 , Transverse floors at the end 19 and 20 and access spoiler 21 and 22 on.
  • According to the preferred variant is the floor 7 the carrying structure 6 thin and as close as possible to the ground. According to a perfecting variant, this thin floor is so aligned or built to be in the central elongated zone where the truck load is stored in the form of a tapered tunnel 109 does not carry, in which is an elongated connecting element 23 which is mechanically the two terminal platforms 2 and 3 to ensure the maintenance of these platforms in their original position during loading / unloading operations.
  • This tunnel 10 performs a stiffening effect on the floor 7 and allows the path formation of the cables and fluidic lines.
  • According to a preferred variant, the ends 15 the iron tooth structure 6 short and wear the admission trainings 16 that are on the terminal platforms in view, and this at the border or near the border of the inner side of these platforms.
  • Preferably, the terminal platforms 2 and 3 on its side facing the interior of the car a return 24 having directed down on the upper part of which an approach 25 having. The reception structures 16 on which the ends 15 the railway carrying structure 6 wear, are at the ends of this approach 25 formed to the ends of the supporting structure.
  • The railway carrying structure 6 also includes on the underside of at least one of its access ends, means intended to cooperate with an external lifting and rotating drive means.
  • In general, the wagon includes 1 any retention means of the terminal platforms in their original position, at a distance from one another, in the movements and the maneuvers associated with the loading / unloading operations, for example the mechanical longitudinal linkage 23 to the supporting structure 6 to easily assemble through the releasable rigid assembly joints, and so easily find the exact snap, snap or connect position of the components to be assembled and locked.
  • In the case of a final rotation center 26 , is the railway carrying structure 6 constantly with the only terminal platform 2 or 3 connected by an element with pin function. The latter carries it by mechanical fasteners and the connection to the corresponding ends of the railway support structure is carried out by means of, for example, a swing-out coupling cross member. The latter takes each one of its ends corresponding end of the railway support structure. In this case, not shown, the railroad support structure is raised at its end to make its release from the adjacent terminal platform and its displacement towards the platform. At this level are the connections between the ends of the railroad support structure 6 and the corresponding terminal platform detachable while on the opposite side, that is on the turning center 26 , the same compounds are insoluble, but have at least one degree of freedom to the pivoting of the railway support structure 6 to allow. For example, they may be rotatable about a transverse axis.
  • One can also use ends of the railway carrying structure 6 Provide that by a tip 27 converge in the triangle that points to the final turning center 26 ( 5 ) is mounted with a pivotable axis of rotation or has a degree of freedom, whereby it is possible to cause a possible pivoting of the railway support structure for the loading / unloading operations.
  • Out symmetry it may seem desirable in the context of such a variant, about two to have symmetrical turning centers and one per endständfige Platform, whereby one would be disapproved, if the other in enterprise is.
  • In a railway support structure with two detachable ends of the terminal platforms, a central center of rotation 28 ( 4 ) prefers.
  • The following is the variant with central turning center 28 describe because it has the most advantages. The separation or decoupling stroke of the ends of the iron track support structure is preferably carried out simultaneously at each of the ends by any means, preferably outside the wagon, for example a lifting and rotating drive device, not shown, with lifting spindles and vertically displaceable and motorized ones Rollers to lift the railroad support structure and then propel it under rotation to the loading / unloading platform. For this purpose, this structure will become a level piste on the underside at the level of at least one or each of its ends 29 for supporting and unwinding, for example in a circular arc centered on the center of rotation, whereby the lifting and driving work is made possible by the motorized rollers of this device.
  • The detachable rigid assembly joints between the ends of the supporting structure 6 and the terminal platforms 2 and 3 can be realized in different ways. Their general function is the railway carrying structure 6 to allow a body with the terminal platforms 2 and 3 of the wagon so that they traverse all the traction forces and those associated with rolling. Thus, these releasable rigid assembly compounds must have a high mechanical resistance, but also a high level of safety and reliability. Thus, it provides a lock to ensure the maintenance of the closed state during transport.
  • These releasable rigid assembly joints can be single or double and even be multiple to lateral safety and behavior and transverse dynamic torques.
  • In the following, as a non-limiting example, a double connection, as in the 20 to 23 represented, described and as it is intended for practical implementation.
  • In this embodiment, the ends 15 the upper side member 13 and 14 from the railway support structure 6 called extremely short arms, which are formed as hook structures as well as those at the end of the lower longitudinal edges 17 and 18 of the wagon are led and so each a short and composite end 30 in double hook, one on top 31 and the other one below 32 , forms.
  • These short and compound ends like 30 in double hooks cooperate with respect to the rigid assembly for closing or decoupling to open these releasable connections with structures or complementary formations 33 the in terms of terminal platforms 2 and 3 are provided. It may, as shown, be to receiving parts of greater scope 34 act, which are hollowed out in the form of a receiving hook of large thickness and U-shaped profile, reinforced from a lower receiving part 35 also in hooks which together form a double two-stage hook, each with a complementary shape to that of the corresponding end of the support structure and the receiving surfaces connected to the end hooks 31 and 32 the railway carrying structure 6 are provided.
  • One thus differentiates for the entirety of the traning structure 6 of the wagon, the presence of four double mounting hooks, with their respective recordings a releasable rigid mounting connection is ensured, thereby allowing the unit formed by the terminal platforms and the railway support structure represents the mechanical equivalent of a body of a single piece.
  • The upper hook and its receiving structure support the vertical load and transfer the tensile forces, while the lower hooks and their receiving structures are intended to to survive the torque.
  • The safety of the closure is ensured by an automatic locking device 36 in the form of a curved locking finger 37 secured, which is tiltable and closed by a return spring and tilted to the opening by an invisible engine mechanism, for example, with compressed air, which is available on the car. This automatic locking device 36 only works on the upper hook. For this purpose, each upper hook of the supporting structure has a recess 38 on which limits a receiving space, each receiving space is partially open from the front. This open receiving space is crossed at the middle part of a cross bar on which the locking finger 37 sitting.
  • In the illustrated variant, there is only one locking device 36 on each of the terminal platforms 2 or 3 ,
  • In the illustrated embodiment, the terminal platforms on the inner side of the wagon each have the return 24 down to, with the upper transverse approach 25 at each end of which are the structures and complementary accommodation formations 33 are formed in hooks.
  • The wagon includes a means for maintaining the terminal platforms in their absolute or relative original position. In the illustrated version, for example, it is the mechanical longitudinal connection through the connecting longitudinal element 23 wherein the two terminal platforms, each carried by at least one railroad bogie, are connected at a low level.
  • This connecting element 23 has no other main purpose than the two terminal platforms 2 and 3 mechanically connect to each other to hold them in their initial position during the loading and unloading.
  • So can be the connection length element made with a small thickness to the dimensions of the wagon and the load in relation to Not to adversely affect railway loading.
  • In a first embodiment, not shown, this connecting longitudinal element of the floor 7 outward.
  • According to another embodiment, which is processed in the following, this snaps in the longitudinal bearing 9 in the form of a rejuvenated tunnel 10 to lie on the floor 7 the railway carrying structure 6 is designed or designed.
  • Due to its length and small thickness of its cross-section, this connecting longitudinal element has 23 the tendency to go down to its central part 39 deflect. This bend causes a downward shift, which can put the unit out of measure and it is therefore recommended that this item 23 in its central part 39 to get up, for example, by a simple attachment or connection at the lower middle part of the railway support structure 6 , Preferably, in order to gain in loading mass, it is provided, the connection longitudinal element 23 in a storage 9 in the form of a tapered central longitudinal tunnel 10 that in the floor 7 of the web structure carrier is adapted to accommodate. This tunnel 10 It also allows the pressurized fluid lines and the electrical connection cables from a terminal platform 2 or 3 to perform the other.
  • It should be noted that this tunnel 10 in an area of the floor 7 , which does not interfere with the load, is spared.
  • This connecting element 23 fulfills its primary position retention function on the terminal platforms 2 and 3 in their initial position in the loading / unloading maneuvers, the speed and convenience of rigid assembly between the terminal platforms and the composite ends 30 To secure the railway support structure in all positions of the center of rotation of the latter.
  • In In fact, the invention is not only aimed at the railway structures which to turn around their middle, but also around one of their ends or in any place.
  • The connecting element 23 fulfills a second technical function if the axis of rotation is central. It is about supporting the center of rotation.
  • Therefore, for such a variant is the central part 39 this element more complex. An example of this is in the 10 to 16 illustrated, but it is sufficient with a central pin 28 and with a means to the connecting element 23 in the case of a tunnel 10 to solve.
  • This example fulfills the central part 39 simultaneously three functions, that is, the attachment of the connecting longitudinal element 23 at the railway support structure carrier 6 ensure the central turning center 28 to support which the railroad support structure 6 shifts and finally the function with the appropriate means to the connection length element 23 from his storage 9 to be solved in the form of a tapered tunnel 10 on the floor 7 the railway carrying structure 6 is provided.
  • It is a complicated unit 40 the one as a complicated decoupling and rotation unit 40 can qualify.
  • More precisely, and by going into the 10 to 16 in the 10 to 16 illustrated embodiment takes as an example, the central part 39 of the connecting longitudinal element 23 hanging from the vault of the tunnel 10 of the floor of the railway carrying structure 6 assembled. For this purpose, a metallic strip 41 mounted to the domed suspension with spring action and fixed at each of its ends by three fixed points, along which it can move along its longitudinal edges and along a central guide longitudinal gap 42 and 43 which may be transverse on both sides from a central central region.
  • The curvature of this strip leaves a rash room 44 free between the bearing curvature 9 in the tunnel 10 and the side to said metallic suspension strip 41 ,
  • This rash room 44 is powered by a decoupling motor unit 45 taken, for example, with pneumatic energy with a pair of pneumatic bellows 46 and 47 as it is in the 14 to 16 is shown.
  • This metallic suspension strip 41 carries through the decoupling motor unit 45 the central turning center 28 , for example in the form of a pin block 48 on which is fastened by the central part of the connecting member, for example by screws, such as 49 and 50 , thus forming a complicated connection unit.
  • As will be seen below, attention is directed to this central center of rotation 28 no appreciable force exerted during transport due to the support of the web structure carrier by the terminal platforms 2 and 3 , During the loading / unloading maneuvers, attention is paid to this linkage longitudinal element 23 only the only lateral forces derived from the pin are exerted. These are not consistent, the mechanical resistance of the center of rotation 28 and the adjacent elements as well as the connecting longitudinal element 23 have no need to be important.
  • Accordingly, the structure of the connecting member is 23 thin and different cuts are possible, of the shapes with rectangular section 51 to how it is in 9 to the thin, ribbed or curved shapes, some examples of which are shown in FIGS 17 to 19 are shown.
  • The special through 17 The shape shown is preferred. It is a general smooth shape 52 whose longitudinal edges are in hollow tubes 53 and 54 are formed, for example, with a round cross-section, which serves as a channel for the pressurized liquids either directly or as protective and transit spaces for cables or electrical cables or other.
  • These fluidic or electrical connections, power or control connections so find a suitable, non-disruptive and perfectly integrated Longitudinal passageway.
  • In addition, these so-shaped longitudinal edges bring about a mechanical stiffness supplement to the whole, making it possible becomes, so still the average thickness of the connecting longitudinal element 23 to diminish.
  • Further training with longitudinal bends 55 and 56 or with concave reinforcement bend 57 are also possible. An example of each of these variants is on one of 18 and 19 shown.
  • Also other embodiments are possible. They fall within the scope of protection of the invention, as far as they are concerned fulfill the general function, the terminal Platforms in the movements of the railway support structure in the course to restrain the loading and unloading phases in position.
  • When Variant in the case of an external device, the wagon has at least at one of its ends a sensitivity to, through these platforms an external agent, that exists on the track or along the latter and in one piece with connected to the ground, withhold.
  • The wagon also has a predisposition for the action of an external lifting and rotary drive device in the form of a support and roll-off track 29 placed at the bottom of at least one end of the railroad support structure 6 is, of which a practical embodiment in 30 is shown.
  • This support and Abrollpiste is for example in the form of a flat transverse plate 58 executed by being positively connected by welding with the adjacent elements of the chassis of the railway support structure. Due to the rotating movement of this support structure, the slope points 29 a general curved shape, for example, a circular arc shape, the center of which is the central center of rotation or another.
  • Another disposition of the wagon concerns the stability of the terminal platforms 2 and 3 in the longitudinal position and also at the same time under pivoting after the rotational movement of the support structure.
  • It may be recording structures that are on the ground located organ and which with the returns of each terminal platform interacts.
  • The operation of the entire unit of the invention is as follows. If the railway support structure 6 is steered so as to rotate the loading and unloading phases, before any pivotal movement, the decoupling motor unit with bellows 45 operated by being inflated and a support to the curvature of the storage 9 in the tunnel 10 finds, cause that the curved hanging strip 41 inflates more and thus to move away from the vault of the tunnel. As it bulges more, it passes through a separation run that is sufficient for the longitudinal connector 23 and from his storage 9 in the tunnel 10 to decouple and separate out. The railway carrying structure 6 can then turn to her turning center 28 swing around what is here by the pin block 48 is done on the central part 39 of the longitudinal connection element 23 is mounted.
  • When returning the railway support structure 6 and after the rigid assembly of the latter with the terminal platforms remaining in an appropriate position by the presence of the linkage longitudinal member, the reverse sequence of movements occurs. The bellows of the decoupling motor unit 45 release air and the connecting longitudinal element 23 goes into his storage 9 in the form of a tunnel 10 in under the effect of the elastic return force of the metallic suspension strip.
  • According to one Variant of the present invention, which Hub- and rotary drive means concerns, the lifting and pivoting movements of the railway support structure generated by an external device, for example a lifting device. and pivoting device such as those described below.
  • The The lifting device described below also accomplishes the Lowering the railway support structure, it would be more complete, they lifting and lowering device to call. To avoid the seriousness and in the simplification thought becomes to be content with that this in the following for to designate this function only lifting device. She also represents the rotary drive of the railway support structure safely.
  • Regarding the 3 is the combined lift and rotary drive device 59 intended to get on a track 60 to be installed, the two loading / unloading platform 61 and 62 that is on both sides of the track 60 are formed.
  • The device 59 is preferably between the two rails of a loading / unloading post 63 mounted in general in the 3 is shown. Depending on the type of wagon used for the in the 3 Items shown, it may be considered necessary, two lifting devices 59 provided, such as for each end of a railway support structure 6 , This support structure is in fact raised simultaneously from its two ends in the illustrated case and it rotates about an unillustrated central rotation center. It can also be a rotation around a final rotation center.
  • For reasons of simplicity, since the two lifting and rotary drive devices 59 are identical, only a single device will be described below.
  • This device 59 is completed by a series of several idlers and preferably drive rollers, for example two trains 64 and 65 with three rollers on a platform 61 respectively. 62 are mounted and destined to the railway support structure 6 as soon as their overhang to the platform exceeds a certain limit in order to achieve good stability and safety of the rotary movements. The rollers these roller trains 64 and 65 are in a recess of the platform structure, as in the 3 shown, housed, and that at an appropriate distance of the platform. They easily cross the platform surface to resume the floor of the support structure in the overhang on the platform. These preferably motorized rollers 66 are units each formed by a cylinder that rotates slightly frusto-conically to take advantage of the differences in peripheral speeds from one end to the other to avoid slippage. Their side surface is preferably made of a metallic roll band 67 covered, with its own support and taxiway 29 ( 26 ) at at least one end of the railroad support structure 6 the wagon comes into contact. They contain an electric drive motor block 68 the rotating roller.
  • As already stated, the Eisenahn support structures 6 on at least one of its ends on the bottom of a flat support and taxiway 29 on, for example in the form of a raised plate or any other embodiment. In view of the rotational movement, these slopes show 29 a general curved shape, wherein the radius of curvature with the distance from the center of rotation of the railway support structure 6 is identical or almost the same as it is in 26 is shown.
  • Even though a realization with two lifting and rotary drive devices has been considered must be considered that the invention is also based on embodiments with a single device, for example those that a terminal one Turning center or at any decentralized place of the Has wagons.
  • In In this case, the combined lift and turn drive device those clearly identical or equivalent, which are described below and therefore a new description is not necessary.
  • In general, the lifting and rotating drive device according to the invention is in the form of a mechanical unit 69 in front of the railroad track 60 between the two rails at the level of one reserved for loading / unloading Steep, in the following item 63 called, is mounted. The lower parts of this mechanical unit 69 are housed in a pit sized to minimize the protrusion height that this unit represents relative to the ground. The floor-mounted part is preferably weather-protected and protected against external aggressions.
  • Also can be considered, the mechanical unit 69 Mount on a moving cart along the railroad track in a trench between the rails of the track.
  • One removable weather protection can also be provided for the upper Part, for example in the form of a hood (not shown).
  • The mechanical unit 69 the device according to the invention is also mounted on a base plate, whereby the mechanical seat and its mounting on the pit or on a support post between the rails is ensured. For reasons of simplification, these latter means were not shown.
  • The mechanical unit 69 the device according to the invention 59 is on the one hand by a about a horizontal axis 71 swing-out box 70 composed. The swing-out box 70 divides into two branches 72 and 73 or more, each at the end of a motorized unit 74 and 75 Includes, by motorized rollers 76 and 77 is formed, which together via a common tubular cross member 78 are connected. Every motorized role 76 or 77 is also of an articulated tiltable carrier 79 and 80 carried. The tubular cross member 78 leads through the end of the branches 72 and 73 through in a sheath that snaps into a V-shaped receiving part 81 is held. Each swiveling carrier 79 and 80 is with the drive rod of a lifting spindle 82 respectively. 83 connected, wherein the body rotatable about an axis 84 and 85 is mounted, with a deformable bearing on secondary beams 86 respectively. 87 For example, two parallel hoods like 88 and 89 are formed, which give them a way to absorb the lateral distances.
  • These lifting spindles 82 and 83 each pushing upward on the articulated supports that carry the units of motorized rollers to cause their simultaneous lifting movement.
  • The motorized wheels 76 and 77 are of the same type as the one already described, because they form the ones on the lying trolleys. They each consist of a rotary cylinder 66 Made of a metallic roller tape 67 is covered with a slightly frusto-conical shape. They are on a radial longitudinal axis to the center of rotation of the support structure 6 mounted around which the rotation under the action of an electric drive motor 68 is performed. Their arrangement is easy on the center of rotation of the centrally selected in our example support structure 6 converged. This arrangement allows the risk of transverse displacement in the lifting contact and in the rotary drive movement of this support structure 6 to avoid.
  • These motorized wheels 76 and 77 are intended, first in a vertical thrust contact with the support and taxiway 29 at least one terminal railway support structure ( 26 ) to raise them under the action of the lifting spindles. After raising the support structure, their in-rotation displacement causes the rotary drive of the railway support structure via a rolling drive on the support and taxiway.
  • A retard mechanism allows the motorized rollers 76 and 77 , a complete flat contact with the support and taxiway 29 sure. This retardation mechanism is schematically represented by a series of profile views which are shown in FIGS 27 to 30 illustrate the operation.
  • Around premature wear too Avoid, had a last approach movement and a stroke movement secured after a vertical or almost vertical route be to the transverse displacement between each motorized roller and to avoid the runway at the moment of contact and during the stroke.
  • To For this purpose, an example of a solution will be described below. Other equivalents solutions fall under the scope of the invention.
  • After this variant is the axis of rotation 71 the swing-out box 70 slidable towards its initial position according to the extended horizontal rest position of the box. Its displacement allows an approximately vertical course, which was caused by the lifting spindles for the box end and thus for the motorized rollers, on the part of the route corresponding to the final phase of the approach and the stroke.
  • The considered Means are the following.
  • The rotation axis 71 of the swinging box 70 For example, at each of its ends is on two shift links, which are about a secondary axis 90 is pivotable, mounted.
  • During dead-running, that is during the thrust in the vacuum of the spindles before the contact of the motorized rollers with the support and rolling track, no significant force acts on them. The lifting spindles simply lift the motorized rollers. The box 70 only turns around its axis of rotation 71 which, in relation to its original position ( 28 and 29 ) remains fixed.
  • This movable axis of rotation 71 is displaced forward under the effect of the transverse pull through the box, which is compliant to the lift by the winds. The arrangement described ensures the slight displacement of the axis of rotation 71 of the box 70 the necessary geometric extension of the lever arm to the arc of the track in almost rectilinear segment on the end part of the track ( 30 and 31 ) to convert.
  • Above, an embodiment of the device has been described in which the lifting and rolling means in one and the same mechanical unit 69 combined.
  • you should more specifically note that in all equivalent embodiments the lifting and rolling means are not combined, that is they are arranged side by side or separately, and fall under the same inventive term.
  • The Combination of lifting and rolling movements can also intervene. In all these cases fall to the corresponding embodiments the scope of the invention.
  • It can be added to the swing-out box thus an additional feature. This may include a support and holding means and presentation and position maintaining means 91 the corresponding terminal platform of the wagon during the loading / unloading operations. An illustration of this remedy will be published in the 31 reproduced on which the top of the box 70 a V-shaped receiving and blocking structure 92 includes, in which the end 93 of the return 94 stored downwards blocking the body of the empty platforms.
  • Of the Operation includes the following general phases.
  • The combined rail / road transport wagon will have a certain tolerance at the location of the loading / unloading post 63 immobilized, for example, in terms of a load.
  • The holding position of the wagon on vorgese The location corresponds to the positions of the terminal platforms which, in the case of their immobilisation, must be complied with, in each case starting from a device which is on the track. These devices are operated when they are independent devices. In the other cases considered, the relative positions are automatically maintained by a mechanical connection between the terminal platforms or by a secondary function of the lifting and rotating device (s) as described above.
  • It is thus transferred to the implementation of the lifting and rotating device (s). The lifting spindles are operated to approximate the motorized rollers 76 and 77 to the corresponding support and taxiway 29 the bottom of the end of the railroad support structure 6 to allow. The motorized wheels 76 and 77 lift up to a light and flat contact with the support and taxiway 29 through the game of the lag mechanism. It then followed by unlocking the detachable assembly connections between the support structure and the terminal platforms, the coordinated lifting movements of the two ends of the railway support structure or the corresponding single end.
  • The lifting movement is divided into two parts. The first concerns a fraction of the displacement that corresponds to the relaxation of the suspensions of the terminal platforms. The second concerns the actual stroke, which occurs shortly after the separation of the ends between the support structure 6 is stopped and the training of receiving the terminal platforms, the additional stroke is generally weak, since there is no obstacle to the pivoting on the terminal platforms.
  • The motorized wheels 76 and 77 are then rotated by their own motors to rotate the ends of the pivotal support structure of the body of the wagon in the same direction of rotation until resumption of the respective corners of the ends of the support structure 6 through the trains 64 and 65 the motorized pad roll on the platform.
  • The Rotation will be completed Release the ends of the railroad support structure of each terminal platform by a sufficient amplitude rotation for the release of the ends the railway support structure and the sufficient oblique angular positioning executed to for one certain gaiety in loading / unloading maneuvers.
  • The Loading or unloading can then occur. The truck load goes over their own funds to railroad support structure over, for example for one Semi-trailer by the trailer, the she is abducted.
  • The Closing movements of the wagon are in the opposite direction carried out.
  • The invention takes place in a complete combined transport system with at least one platform, for example two platforms 95 . 96 for loading / unloading, and at least one strand of a railway track like 97 ( 1 and 2 ) coming from a loop roadway 98 is surrounded and together form a railway station. Each strand is from at least one platform 95 or 96 surrounded and has a Nutzteil on which the loading / unloading can be done. This useful part is formed by a predetermined sequence number of loading / unloading points, each of the loading / unloading of a wagon 99 . 100 . 101 correspond.
  • Each useful part of each track 97 comprises at least one centering device or a signal box on the ground 102 , In the case of a single centering device, it serves the entirety of the web branch. According to the peculiarity of the waggons used, the centering device or the interlocking 102 once for the whole strand or in majority, that is a copy assigned to a limited number of wagons, or individually, that is to say one each at each loading / unloading point 99 . 100 . 101 ,
  • An example of a centering device or a signal box 102 is in the 32 and 33 shown. This type of centering device is mounted on the floor. It is composed of two pivotable centering arms which can be displaced in lowering or lifting motion 103 . 104 whose ends 105 . 106 are intended to work with a vertical centering joint 107 to be engaged, for example centrally on the underside of the support structure 6 of the wagon. To bind in the central joint 107 To facilitate, are the ends of the pivoting arms 103 . 104 after a receiving structure with two converging or semicircular edges 108 formed, such as a branch with two symmetrical converging branches, along the pin of the centering joint 107 be attached. To accomplish the centering, the pivoting arms 103 and 104 from each other by a Längstranslationsbewegung in the reverse direction excited along the slide rails 109 . 110 , which are parallel to the track in approaching and away from a vertical reference transverse plane 111 for the loading / unloading maneuvers. The pivoting centering arm, whose end first with the centering joint 107 in Contact comes, push the whole wagon unit up to the required reference position.
  • In the case of a wagon with a longitudinal connector 23 between the two terminal platforms 2 and 3 The centering or positioning of the wagons seems to be less important. Therefore, a precision in the hold position of the railcar or an electronic control and brake control system, for example, may be isolated by detection or in combination with a complementary device on the ground to ensure sufficient coincidence of placement to satisfactorily perform the loading / unloading operations To permit conditions.
  • The web track is composed of a plurality of wagons, each intended to carry a truck load. The wagons may be identical or different but are always designed for the same general characteristics. The loading / unloading points 63 lie in locations that are determined, for example, by material limits on the track and on the platforms.
  • Except for the eventual centering device or interlocking 102 becomes every loading / unloading post 63 provided with a specific equipment on the ground, which cooperate with the corresponding wagon of the train with regard to loading and unloading operations.
  • The wagon is composed of three essential parts. These are the two terminal platforms 2 and 3 , supported by at least one bogie or an axle 4 to 5 to which she is articulated for transport. These terminal platforms 2 and 3 and the classical associated organs ensure the technical connection with the preceding wagon or the following wagon and an interface function with coupling means of the load. The two terminal platforms 2 and 3 carry over their ends the railway carrying structure 6 a truck load, which forms the third essential part of the wagon. This railway carrying structure 6 is pivotable back and forth to the loading / unloading platform 95 or 96 and to the car after the solution of the connection of the rigid assembly of its ends with the terminal platforms 2 and 3 ,
  • Regarding the Other technical features of the wagon will be corresponding to the above referenced part.
  • This railway carrying structure 6 passing from each of their ends through a terminal platform 2 and 3 is carried, is in each case detachably mounted by the latter, by means of a simple Entkoppelungsmanöver, for example unlocking maneuvers. To the rotational movements to the platform 95 . 96 and to allow for the wagon, is the railway support structure 6 around a central pin 28 ( 4 and 6 ) or an end plug 26 ( 5 ) rotatably mounted.
  • As already stated, the light and fast support of the railway support structure 6 on the terminal platforms 2 and 3 When closing the wagon, it is important to find these platforms in their relative departure position before opening the wagon, ie at the same distance from each other, irrespective of any movements, vibrations or other mechanical discomfort caused by the wagon or the train can experience during the loading / unloading operations and as a result of the reaction and pushing forces of the buffer connections between the wagons.
  • For this purpose, the invention sees at a lower level than that of the bottom of the support structure, a connection longitudinal element 23 which establishes the lower mechanical connection between the two terminal platforms.
  • This connecting element 23 stays in place during the loading / unloading maneuvers. It thus guarantees the maintenance of the distance between the two terminal platforms and thus their relative position when the support structure returns 6 , the assembly and locking of its ends with the terminal platforms 2 and 3 is carried out quickly and under good conditions without any additional means, for example centering means.
  • According to the present invention, the maintenance of the representation and the position of the terminal platforms 2 and 3 by specific bottom-based organs, for example, by lift-off organs, or by additional means, or by performing an additional function on an existing device, such as the one referred to in US Pat 31 illustrated support and holding device 91 mounted on the device intended to re-erect the ends of the railway support structure.
  • In general, each loading / unloading point has 63 the track at least one, but preferably two lifting and rotary drive devices 59 the railway support structure with respect to the rotational movement of the latter between a transport position and an opening position of the wagon.
  • It was determined that the use of a single centering means 102 in the neighborhood the train would only give an uncertain range of 20 to 30 cm in the positions of the wagons, which is quite acceptable under the other means applied, provided that the maintenance of the relative positions of the two terminal platforms 2 and 3 is ensured by a supported by the car means, for example, the connecting member.
  • That's why the boundaries of the sites that are the loading / unloading 63 be defined with this tolerance. Each item includes on the ground a lifting and lowering member and rotary actuator such as 59 at the level of each end of the railway carrying structure, such as the organ as described above or an equivalent means. These organs are designed to support the structure 6 to lift through their ends, terminal platforms 2 and 3 remove from her and let her turn until these are off the trains 64 and 65 the corresponding motorized or not at a suitable location of the structure of the platform 61 . 62 or 95 . 96 provided carrying rollers to allow the extension of the rotational movement of each end on the corresponding parts to the platforms that surround the track.
  • One example for these lifting and lowering and rotary drive devices is up here described. Others completely independent Devices of this kind with regard to energy, the wagon towards and possibly along the track are movable, are possible.
  • you can imagine that the possible centering devices in combination with the spindle during the loading / unloading phases, the function of the pivot center for the railway support structure can ensure.
  • in the Following is the operation of the inventive rail / road transport system described.
  • LOADING PHASE
  • It is a loading phase from a railway support structure 6 which arrives empty or carrying a truck load.
  • The train comes on the railroad track 97 on, which is intended for the loading / unloading operations. For example, the railcar stops as near a landmark as possible, allowing the car or the various wagons to be centered to be near the corresponding centering device. The train stops and the driver releases the brakes to allow centering movements. The driver then operates the centering device (s) 102 , In a train composed of wagons with a mechanical longitudinal connection 23 between the terminal platforms 2 and 3 only one of the wagons is centered. The single centering centered on this car, whose movements affect the intermediate wagons through the trailer hitches. Thus, the position of the adjacent wagons and even those of the farther away can be changed without taking the risk of the relative positions between the terminal platforms 2 and 3 to change.
  • For wagons without mechanical connection 23 between terminal platforms are other centering devices 102 necessary and can be used in conjunction with individual restraints of the platforms among themselves.
  • The terminal platforms 2 and 3 are then immediately immobilized in their home or origin position by the various means provided or are maintained at a constant distance and representation from each other through the mechanical joint interface 23 , They may be separate immobilizing agents existing between the track and each terminal platform.
  • The lifting devices or the lifting and lowering and rotary drive devices 59 are then after unlocking the releasable connection of the rigid assembly between the railroad support structures 6 the wagons and the corresponding terminal platforms 2 and 3 actuated.
  • The railway carrying structure 6 of the wagon 1 is slightly raised by pushing up at least one of its ends via the lifting means until it releases its releasable rigid assembly connection with the terminal platforms 2 and 3 and until the technical decoupling of the then additionally raised assembly structures to a minimum distance, whereby the rotational movement is made possible in their inclination and they can be brought to the same level with the receiving structures of the platform.
  • As already stated according to the invention, the amplitude of the stroke is weak.
  • The pivoting means, for example the motorized idlers 66 start their drive plant with displacement of the railway support structure 6 towards the platform. The latter turns on the platform until the end of her arrival. This end, which follows its advance on the platform, and of the supporting elements, for example the motori Rolling trains 64 and 65 is resumed, or not which bring the web structure up to an oblique loading / unloading position to the longitudinal direction of the train. The movement is stopped by any means that, for example, are randomly adapted to a landmark and the ensemble is inhibited. The actual loading / unloading can happen.
  • If the railway support structure 6 is laden, a tractor or a truck arrives at the entrance opening thereof to relieve this truck load without any further external means. When the support structure is empty, it is ready for loading.
  • The load or the new truck load arrives at the entrance opening of the support structure which is transported by its load carrier or tractor or trailer. The unit enters the interior of the supporting structure and remains in a good position. After decoupling, the tractor or the carrier removes the support structure of the opposite side of the entrance and the lowering movements are controlled back under rotation until the support structure is aligned with the direction of the wagon. When the ends of the railroad support structure of the car agree with the detachable rigid assembly tie structures, the reduction is controlled. The rigid assembly connection is made so that the latch remains in the same position with the terminal platforms and in a position to those which they occupied at the beginning of the process, with the braking means or the mechanical longitudinal joint 23 , After the latches, the lifting means retract to their rest position, it may be the platforms are released from their positional position by the devices on the ground, if they should be present, after which the used centering devices are retracted.
  • discharge
  • These extends after the same sequences as in the loading phase, except at the truck load the car takes out towards the platform, after solution of their attachment compounds.

Claims (26)

  1. System for rail / road transport with at least one railway station, which consists of at least one track ( 60 ) and at least one platform ( 61 ) or ( 62 ) for loading / unloading, which is a sequence of loading / unloading points ( 63 ), the system wagons ( 1 ) for inclined loading / unloading, each of which is supported by a railway support structure ( 6 ) are formed for a road load pivotally mounted with respect to the direction of the wagon and by two terminal platforms ( 2 ) and ( 3 ), each of at least one railway bogie or axle ( 4 ) or ( 5 ) by at least one composite detachable connection with at least one of the two terminal platforms ( 2 ) and ( 3 ), each wagon on the one hand a pivoting center of the railway support structure ( 6 ) and on the other hand have composite detachable connections which in the assembled state are rigid and those of the railroad support structure which is integral with the terminal platforms ( 2 ) and ( 3 ), are lockable, characterized in that each loading / unloading on the one hand with at least one complementary centering device of the train or wagons ( 1 ) and, on the other hand, at the level and at the level of each loading / unloading point, with at least one lifting means of the railway carrying structure ( 6 ) and with at least one pivotable drive means of the same, whereby it is possible to move it over at least one of its ends ( 2 ) or ( 3 after unlocking its rigid composite detachable connection with at least this terminal platform ( 2 ) or ( 3 ) and lift it over the platform ( 61 ) or ( 62 ) and that the platform for the purpose of supporting the ends of this support structure ( 6 ) in relation to the longitudinal direction of the wagons ( 1 ) inclined loading / unloading position and for the purpose of pivoting the same in the other direction until the closing of the wagon ( 1 ) Means for picking up and recording that the terminal platforms ( 2 ) and ( 3 ) are held at a constant distance from each other during maneuvering by a longitudinal restraining means and erection prior to disengagement in the form of a non-bearing mechanical connection, and in that the rigid composite releasable connections between each end of the railway support structure ( 6 ) and the corresponding terminal platforms ( 2 ) or ( 3 ) of connections, which are passed by all the tensile and rolling loads as well as by the loads associated with the transported loads, all of which is provided in such a way that the unit is provided with all the motor means necessary for the loading / unloading operations is provided outside the wagon ( 1 ) and is energetically independent of it.
  2. Transport system according to claim 1, characterized in that the pivoting center ( 28 ) is arranged.
  3. Transport system according to claim 1, characterized in that the pivoting center from an end ( 26 ) Pivot center is formed, which ends up on a terminal platform ( 2 ) or ( 3 ) is arranged.
  4. Transport system according to claim 1, characterized that the pivoting center between the central position and the offset end position is arranged.
  5. Transport system according to one of the preceding claims, characterized characterized in that the pivot center by interaction of the Centering means is formed with the element of the wagon, on which the centering pressure.
  6. Transport system according to one of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that the lifting means and the pivotable drive means of the railway support structure ( 6 ) are formed by two different means which are joined together in a common functional unit which is fixed to the ground at the level of at least one of the ends of the railway carrying structure when the wagon ( 1 ) at a loading / unloading point ( 63 ) is in position.
  7. Transport system according to one of claims 1 to 5, characterized in that the lifting means and the pivotable drive means of the railway support structure ( 6 ) are formed by two combined means in a common functional unit which is fixed to the ground or movable and at the bottom at the level of at least one of the ends ( 2 ) or ( 3 ) of the railway carrying structure ( 6 ) is determined when the wagon ( 1 ) at a loading / unloading point ( 63 ) is in position.
  8. Transport system according to claim 6 or 7, characterized in that the lifting means with lifting spindles or cylinders ( 82 ) and ( 83 ) and the pivotable drive means with motorized rollers ( 76 ) and ( 77 ) are equipped.
  9. Transport system according to claim 9, characterized in that the lifting spindles or cylinders ( 82 ) and ( 83 ) with a pivotable support ( 70 ) connecting the motorized rollers ( 76 ) and ( 77 ) wearing.
  10. Transport system according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the terminal platforms ( 2 ) and ( 3 ) during all opening phases of the wagon are determined by means located on the ground for retaining.
  11. Transport system according to one of the preceding claims 1 to 7, characterized in that the non-supporting connection of the terminal platforms ( 2 ) and ( 3 ) is formed by a double mechanical connection.
  12. Transport system according to the preceding claim, characterized in that the terminal platforms ( 2 ) and ( 3 ) in the lower region by a longitudinally extending, rigid mechanical connection ( 23 ) are connected to each other, from which in each case one end at the corresponding end of the corresponding terminal platform ( 2 ) or ( 3 ) is attached or hinged.
  13. Transport system according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that at least one of the terminal platforms ( 2 ) or ( 3 ) has on the inside a sloping end wall, at the ends of which the receiving structures ( 16 ) of the rigid connection of these are adapted above.
  14. Transport system according to the preceding claim and according to claims 9 and 10, characterized in that the lower end of the sloping end wall of at least one terminal platform ( 2 ) or ( 3 ) cooperates with a receiving structure, which is provided on the pivotable carrier, which the motorized rollers ( 76 ) and ( 77 ) of the pivotable drive means.
  15. Transport system according to claim 1, characterized in that at the level of the platform or the platforms ( 61 ) and ( 62 ) provided for receiving support / rolling means for continuing the pivoting movement of the support structure ( 6 ) are formed.
  16. Transport system according to the preceding claim, characterized in that the carrying / rolling means of motorized rollers ( 66 ) are formed.
  17. Transport system according to claim 1, characterized in that the centering means for the entire train the same or at a limited number of loading / unloading ( 63 ) of the wagons is present.
  18. Transport system according to claim 1, characterized that the centering means is present at each loading / unloading point.
  19. Transport system according to claim 17 or 18, characterized in that the centering means of a unit with two pivotable arms ( 103 ) and ( 104 ) is formed, each on a sliding surface ( 109 ) and ( 110 ) along the track ( 60 ), wherein the end of each arm is a form of engagement ( 108 ) with a pin ( 107 ), which in the central region of the underside of the wagon ( 1 ) is available.
  20. Transport system according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the connections between the railway carrying structure ( 6 ) and at least one terminal platform ( 2 ) or ( 3 ) are formed by rigid composite releasable connections which allow two components of these compounds to form a unit and behave as a single part during transport.
  21. Transport system according to the preceding claim, characterized in that each rigid composite detachable connection is provided by a coupling unit with locking of the ends of the railroad support structure with complementary shapes ( 16 ) at the opposite portion of the terminal platform ( 2 ) or ( 3 ) is formed.
  22. Method for loading / unloading a wagon of a railway train, which is used by a plurality of wagons ( 1 ) which performs a combined rail / road transport at a limited location corresponding to a loading / unloading point ( 63 ), characterized in that the train is detected such that each wagon ( 1 ) is located above a loading / unloading point, a centering of at least one wagon is carried out with respect to devices on the ground by at least one centering means, the terminal platforms ( 2 ) and ( 3 ) are set in their initial position at this point, the composite detachable connections are unlocked, the lifting means is actuated, at least one end of the railway supporting structure ( 6 ) is raised to a level slightly above the level required for its movement release with respect to pivotal movements, the pivot means are actuated, and that the pivoting of the railway support structure ( 6 ) to be picked up by means of picking up on the track (s) ( 60 ) adjacent platform (s) ( 61 ) and or ( 62 ) is continued, and that the pivoting is terminated when the angular deviation of the support structure ( 6 ) is sufficient for direct access to the road load from the platform, the road load of the railway support structure is accessed or removed by external means or by their suitable means, the pivotable drive means are actuated until the support structure is aligned in its assembled position is operated, the lifting means are actuated to lower the supporting structure, the end-side arms of which, due to the holding of the same by the non-supporting mechanical connection, which is present between them, are transferred to the entrance of the receiving structures, the support structure ( 6 ) is further lowered to engage the ends of its arms with the receiving structures, the rigid composite releasable connections are locked, the lifting and lowering means are removed, the platforms are freed from their positioning and the centering means are retracted.
  23. Method according to the preceding claim, characterized in that the wagons ( 1 ) through at least one of its terminal platforms ( 2 ) or ( 3 ).
  24. A method according to claim 22 or 23, characterized in that the two terminal platforms by a mechanical connection ( 23 ) are mechanically fixed.
  25. Method according to the preceding claim, characterized in that the mechanical connection ( 23 ) between the terminal platforms ( 2 ) and ( 3 ) from its longitudinally extending receptacle ( 9 ) is disengaged to the pivotal movement of the support structure ( 6 ), and that at the end of the pivoting movement they return with their receptacle ( 9 ) is engaged.
  26. Method according to one of the preceding claims 22 to 25, characterized in that the interaction of the centering of the wagon with the centered element of the wagon is used to temporarily to form a pivoting center, which for pivoting the railway support structure is used.
DE2001629958 2000-06-23 2001-06-20 Transport and shift loading system for waggons in a railway station for combined rail / road transport and related method Active DE60129958T2 (en)

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FR0008099A FR2810612B1 (en) 2000-06-23 2000-06-23 System for transporting and loading / unloading oblicated wagons in a rail / road rail transport railway and method of implementing same
FR0008099 2000-06-23
PCT/FR2001/001930 WO2001098127A1 (en) 2000-06-23 2001-06-20 System for transporting and skew loading/unloading of cars in a combined railway/road transport railway station and method for using same

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KR (1) KR100797200B1 (en)
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AU (1) AU6920501A (en)
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DE (1) DE60129958T2 (en)
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HU (1) HU228724B1 (en)
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FR2881096B1 (en) * 2005-01-25 2010-09-03 Denis Ernest Celestin Buffet Nodal terminal for combined rail-road transport of semi-trailers in tendent flow
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CN102395501B (en) * 2009-04-16 2014-09-24 K科技有限公司 Railway wagon and a method of its loading
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CN102491102B (en) * 2011-12-21 2013-06-12 吉林省明普光学科技有限公司 Railway port transfer bulk cargo loading and unloading operation method and system
FR2985239B1 (en) 2011-12-30 2015-07-31 Eltrova Vehicle transport wagon, in particular for a rail / road transport system
WO2015127827A1 (en) * 2014-02-25 2015-09-03 郭晓勤 Urban high-speed railway automobile rapid transport system for transporting automobile using high-speed railway
CN109747669A (en) * 2015-07-26 2019-05-14 郭卫康 A kind of double crawler belts that railway platform uses laterally quickly transfer the device of car
FR3040964B1 (en) * 2015-09-14 2017-09-01 Lohr Ind Shock detection device for locking pivot system for coupling a semi-trailer on a railway unit
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HU0301312A2 (en) 2003-08-28
KR100797200B1 (en) 2008-01-23
FR2810612B1 (en) 2002-10-04
PT1292476E (en) 2007-12-03
RO121015B1 (en) 2006-11-30
RU2273578C2 (en) 2006-04-10
EP1292476A1 (en) 2003-03-19
PL202073B1 (en) 2009-05-29
AU6920501A (en) 2002-01-02
EP1292476B1 (en) 2007-08-15
AT370042T (en) 2007-09-15
ES2295178T3 (en) 2008-04-16
KR20030018003A (en) 2003-03-04
FR2810612A1 (en) 2001-12-28
CZ20024172A3 (en) 2003-09-17
CN1326733C (en) 2007-07-18
WO2001098127A1 (en) 2001-12-27
CN1443129A (en) 2003-09-17
HU228724B1 (en) 2013-05-28
PL359188A1 (en) 2004-08-23
DE60129958D1 (en) 2007-09-27
CZ304968B6 (en) 2015-02-18
JP2004501027A (en) 2004-01-15

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