DE4444439C2 - Solar energy system and receiving element and ridge connecting element therefor - Google Patents

Solar energy system and receiving element and ridge connecting element therefor

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Publication number
DE4444439C2
DE4444439C2 DE4444439A DE4444439A DE4444439C2 DE 4444439 C2 DE4444439 C2 DE 4444439C2 DE 4444439 A DE4444439 A DE 4444439A DE 4444439 A DE4444439 A DE 4444439A DE 4444439 C2 DE4444439 C2 DE 4444439C2
Authority
DE
Germany
Prior art keywords
receiving element
characterized
roof
ridge
receiving
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
DE4444439A
Other languages
German (de)
Other versions
DE4444439A1 (en
Inventor
Karl Gebhardt
Original Assignee
Karl Gebhardt
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Karl Gebhardt filed Critical Karl Gebhardt
Priority to DE4444439A priority Critical patent/DE4444439C2/en
Publication of DE4444439A1 publication Critical patent/DE4444439A1/en
Priority claimed from PCT/EP1995/004898 external-priority patent/WO1996018857A2/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of DE4444439C2 publication Critical patent/DE4444439C2/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/20Supporting structures directly fixed to an immovable object
    • H02S20/22Supporting structures directly fixed to an immovable object specially adapted for buildings
    • H02S20/23Supporting structures directly fixed to an immovable object specially adapted for buildings specially adapted for roof structures
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S20/00Solar heat collectors specially adapted for particular uses or environments
    • F24S20/60Solar heat collectors integrated in fixed constructions, e.g. in buildings
    • F24S20/67Solar heat collectors integrated in fixed constructions, e.g. in buildings in the form of roof constructions
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/20Peripheral frames for modules
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/60Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/63Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules for fixing modules or their peripheral frames to supporting elements
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/60Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/67Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules for coupling adjacent modules or their peripheral frames
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S60/00Arrangements for storing heat collected by solar heat collectors
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S25/00Arrangement of stationary mountings or supports for solar heat collector modules
    • F24S25/60Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules
    • F24S2025/6002Fixation means, e.g. fasteners, specially adapted for supporting solar heat collector modules by using hooks
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S30/00Arrangements for moving or orienting solar heat collector modules
    • F24S2030/10Special components
    • F24S2030/16Hinged elements; Pin connections
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S30/00Arrangements for moving or orienting solar heat collector modules
    • F24S2030/10Special components
    • F24S2030/18Load balancing means, e.g. use of counter-weights
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/60Planning or developing urban green infrastructure
    • Y02A30/62Integration of district energy or distributed or on-site energy generation, e.g. combined heat and power generation or solar energy, in city layout
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • Y02B10/12Roof systems for PV cells
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy
    • Y02E10/47Mountings or tracking

Description

The invention relates to a solar energy system with on and / or along surfaces inclined towards each other, especially on the gable roof of a house Flat components arranged on both sides of the roof ridge, in particular Solar collectors such as photovoltaic modules and / or hot water collectors, the flat components over the common edge, in particular the Roof ridge, are connected together so that the flat components hang together in the area of the common edge and there the Slope downforce are approximately in static equilibrium, furthermore the flat Components saddle-shaped above the outer skin of the surfaces concerned are arranged, and wherein the connection across the roof ridge through a Ridge connecting element takes place, which surrounds the ridge tile (s) in a self-supporting manner; as well as an element for holding flat solar components and for assembly the same on and / or along mutually inclined surfaces, and on a here usable ridge connecting element.

For years, an intensification of the use of solar energy has been discussed despite increasing energy demand, the consumption of fossil fuels to reduce. On the one hand, the advantages of such a procedure are the savings valuable raw materials, on the other hand in a reduction of carbon dioxide emissions, which counteracts the negative greenhouse effect.

However, these undeniable advantages are offset by clear disadvantages: The investment costs for solar energy systems are still relatively high, so that solar energy with the price of electricity from fossil fuels and / or cannot compete for nuclear power. This is u. a. then that due to the limited radiation density of sunlight large areas are needed to to generate a power corresponding to conventional power plants. Because here large areas of our densely populated country are no longer used  would be, the construction of central solar power plants is also from environmental policy Reasons not to endorse.

The much larger and more promising market for solar energy systems is in private use, especially on rooftops, as there are no additional ones Space is required and thus already a large part of the investment costs not applicable. In addition, the electricity is generated in the immediate vicinity of the consumer, so that no transport losses occur.

To use these currently almost completely idle resources, is In Bavaria, for example, private solar power generators have now been given the opportunity feed their electricity into the public grid at a cost-covering price can. It is expected that for all the reasons mentioned, solar energy will be used to a much greater extent in the future. It is foreseeable that by further reducing investment costs, the practical Enforcement of solar energy systems in the private sector can be accelerated could.

When reducing the investment costs of solar energy systems, that was So far, attention has mainly been given to reducing the cost of the Self-directed solar panels. However, it should not be overlooked that especially when mounting solar panels on house roofs significant share of the investment costs on the fastening devices as well to be used on the work of installers.

It is common nowadays to attach a large number of fastening bolts to fix the beams of a roof truss, these bolts above the roof tiles to connect with each other by rails and the actual ones on the rails Arrange solar panels. This fastening technology has the serious disadvantage that initially a variety of roof tiles removed and replaced after mounting the fastening bolts must become. This requires special roof tiles in the area of the fastening bolts  used or left gaps, and moreover, is a waterproofing necessary so that this work is very time-consuming and therefore costly.

A generic arrangement is known from JP 58-12954 (A). After A hot water collector and a hot water storage tank can teach there placed on both sides of a roof ridge and by a ridge connecting element be mechanically connected. The ridge connecting element has two the ridges at a distance from the surrounding arches, leading through to the Ridge longitudinal parallel strips are kept at a distance which is the Corresponds to the width of a solar collector. At the ends of the semi-arches are approximately cantilevered approaches at right angles to the same for fastening the relevant Hot water collectors or storage tanks provided. For this they have Extensions a profile with a rectangular cross-section, being perpendicular to Ridges running roof ridges each two holes for pushing through Fastening screws are available, which are in the side of the hot water collector or storage container are screwed in. Since this rigid connection none Allows movement of the specified hot water collectors or storage tanks, the semicircular arches are each divided in two, but overlap in areas and can be fixed to each other by means of pins, bolts or the like, by this with certain relative positions of the semi-arches in a common escape reach through drivable holes of the same. This adjustment option allows only to a very limited extent adaptation to different ones Inclination angle of a roof, namely only up to roof inclination angles that are flatter are about 45 ° and happen to be straight with those prepared through the holes Relative positions correspond. Stepless intermediate positions are not possible. Furthermore, in this embodiment, the attached solar elements not be attached to the lower edge of the roof, as a result of work different expansions on the hot south side of a roof the cold north side of which stare after the setting Ridge connecting element is not permitted. Furthermore, to attach the Solar elements holes are drilled in them, causing easy damage can lead.  

The teaching according to JP 61-165551 (A) does not bring any improvement here either. There hot water collectors and storage tanks are integrated with each other by flexible containers with a transparent top and a black colored one Bottom used and arranged in pairs on both sides of a ridge and are connected to one another by means of straps spanning the roof ridge. A relative movement could take place, but the bands lie on the Roof ridge so that there is a high weight load. The connection of the Belts with the solar elements are made via a network that connects the collectors covered. Either prefabricated special collectors are required for this, or the installation is extremely time consuming.

German Offenlegungsschriften 30 13 880 and 30 25 623 show about the Pipes installed in the roof, in which the water to be heated then circulates can. These pipes are relevant when installing To bend the roof, which is very labor intensive; moreover, on the one hand the ridge tiles are not relieved, on the other hand there are no precautions for one Agility hit by temperature expansion.

With the German published documents 30 47 162 and 31 32 757 as well as the English patent documents GB 1 596 880 and GB 2 164 675 are solar or Heat exchanger or ventilation channels integrated into the roof in question, which is a makes simple retrofitting impossible.

German laid-open specification 32 22 160 shows an angular one Strain relief element for the substructure of a roof covering, however on the one hand, no adaptation to different roof pitch angles allowed and on the other hand, the ridge tile is not relieved when placed on a roof.

The latter also applies to load suspension straps which are made in Germany Offenlegungsschrift 31 34 483 are known and therefore only to determine the Roof battens can be used on the roof structure.  

On the other hand, the German utility model G 92 09 228 are solar collectors with frames to be removed, which must be attached to the roof battens and similar to roof tiles can be superimposed. To assemble them the roof will be at least partially covered by a professional must be carried out and is therefore expensive; furthermore form the used Solar cells then part of the roof skin, so that this system for adequate sealing at the transition points from the brick covering the solar cells only in connection with compatible and therefore specially manufactured Roof tiles can be used.

Finally, German Offenlegungsschrift 41 40 682 discloses photovoltaic modules with a preferably integrated frame, on the one hand contact pins, on the other hand has sockets, so that an electrical interconnection of these Modules can take place simultaneously with the assembly. As a result of going to the module level However, vertical contract pins and sockets are relative movements between adjacent elements, in particular a laying over a Roof ridge away as well as a pushing together at temperature-related Expansion, completely impossible.

Known from these disadvantages in the prior art Solar energy systems result in the problem initiating the invention, a To create an arrangement for fastening solar collectors on house roofs, which is inexpensive on the one hand and on the other hand with as little work as possible can be installed in particular on tiled roofs, regardless of the angle of inclination of the roof in question, and the one above In addition, a relative movement of elements attached to one another, especially in the Area of a roof ridge allowed, so that temperature-related expansion of the Solar panels or the like can be compensated.

This problem is solved in a generic solar energy system in that

  • a) the flat components in / attached to stiffened receiving elements are with each other and with the ridge element via coupling elements are connected;
  • b) wherein the coupling elements are movable such that the one another and / or receiving elements hung on a ridge connecting element in are able to at a large angle against each other or opposite Swivel ridge connecting element.

By the solar panels or other flat parts on both sides of the Roof ridges are arranged and connected to each other, can the downhill forces in the area of the roof ridge approximately in static equilibrium being held. With such an arrangement, they compensate in the area of the roof ridge occurring horizontal components of the downhill forces on the two sloping roof elements, so that the resulting Force component directed approximately vertically downwards and consequently slipping the connected solar components is not to be feared. Since the Basically, solar components are suspended in the area of the roof ridge taken no further fastenings necessary to a stable arrangement create. Nevertheless, the solar components can at some points on the roof structure of the house to be set at high winds and / or gusts Exclude lifting of the solar components from the house roof. This However, fasteners can generally be made weaker than with previous designs, where the entire weight of the Solar components weighed down. The mobility of the coupling elements allows Installation on almost all roofs without additional preparatory measures, and after assembly is a temperature-related work of the solar panels possible without any problems and without the risk of excessive mechanical tension.

Especially for roofs with a roof ridge running in an east-west direction it has proven convenient that on the south side of the roof Solar panels and counterweights are arranged on the north side. Provided all solar panels are operated with the highest possible efficiency If possible, it is advisable to place them all on the south side of the roof, if possible  to be arranged so that counterweights are necessary on the north side in order to To compensate for the downward slope of the solar panels. On the other hand, you can solar panels can also be arranged on both roof surfaces. This The embodiment is particularly suitable for roofs whose ridges face north-south Direction runs so that one roof area faces east and the other faces west is directed. In this case, the solar panels facing east the morning sun exposure is used during the afternoon Energy radiation from the west-inclined solar panels is caught. But also for houses with a roof ridge in the east-west direction this arrangement can be used because the collectors are on the south side work with high efficiency throughout the day, while the Collectors on the north side due to the diffuse, atmospheric light scatter work with an efficiency of about 30-40%.

It is possible that energy stores such as accumulators, high-capacity capacitors and / or hydrogen tanks can be used. There are several different ones, particularly with photovoltaic modules Possibilities to store the electrical energy obtained. For this offer on the one hand accumulators and recently used in their place Capacitors of high capacity, but also an electrolysis of Water with subsequent storage of the thus obtained Hydrogen. In the sense of the invention, it is easily possible to planar Batteries to use or a variety of high-capacity Combine capacitors into a flat arrangement or hydrogen tanks to use a flat shape and this on the north side of the house roof To arrange counterweights. In particular, the arrangement of hydrogen tanks outside the house increases the security of the solar energy system as in the case of a leak in a hydrogen tank the gas in question immediately into the atmosphere escapes and therefore no highly concentrated oxyhydrogen gas inside the Can accumulate, so that an explosion risk is effectively prevented.

In addition, it is also possible to use heat exchangers as counterweights be used between a primary, located above on the roof  Hot water collectors closed circuit and a secondary circuit are switched, which is closed via heating elements arranged in the house. While for the liquid circuit running outside the roof one frost-proof liquid must be used is such a precaution not necessary for the secondary heat cycle within the house. In many Cases is therefore the liquid circuit of the hot water collectors compared to the actual radiators insulated via an intermediate heat exchanger. In order not to accommodate the heat exchangers required for this in a roof space , which would be lost as a result of further use, can be used for this Purpose used heat exchanger - thermally insulated from the outside air - installed on the north side of the house roof and at the same time as a counterweight for the hot water collectors are used on the south side.

This embodiment therefore allows such a development that the flat Unit is connected to the roof truss in the area of its lower edges. Since the flat unit, so to speak, like a saddle on the roof, is similar to that in the lower area of a saddle arranged fastening strap anchoring the bottom edges of the planar unit completely sufficient to do this on the roof fix immovably and before an unwanted take off due to To protect wind gusts. At the same time, such a flat construction allows an additional hold for the roof tiles underneath, so that too they are better protected against the effects of wind.

An additional anchoring option is that the flat unit is connected to the ridge beam. At this central area of the flat An additional anchor can be provided to ensure the stability of the unit To further increase the arrangement.

It is within the scope of the invention that the flat parts in / on Receiving elements are attached, which form the flat unit are interconnectable. Almost all solar panels have one metallic frame on; however, this should not be pierced to the Do not expose solar cells to the risk of damage. They also have  The module's own metal frame does not have a very high stability and could change with Strains due to storms and the like are bent or even break. These disadvantages are avoided by putting the solar panels in / on stable receiving elements are attached, which are fixed to each other and on the one hand allow a modular construction of the flat unit, on the other hand a support structure for the attached solar components result.

The invention provides elements to complete the two-dimensional supporting structure before with which a connection of the flat solar components and / or these receiving elements over the ridge is possible, the Coupling elements are movable in such a way that they connect to the ridge connecting element hanged receiving elements are able to face at a large angle to pivot the ridge connecting element. This can be iron or are shell-like elements that the ridge tiles in the Cover the distance to protect them from damage due to excessive pressure to preserve. These fasteners should also be adjusted allow different angles of inclination of the roof slopes.

For the advantageous development of the invention, connecting elements with a curved and / or curved course suitable for connecting adjacent receiving elements with mutually inclined base planes serve. In many applications, there are two opposite one another Covering sloping surfaces of a saddle or hip roof with solar panels, especially if the roof ridge runs approximately in the north-south direction and therefore one Sloping roof faces east and the other faces west, making about half the solar panels in the morning and the other half can catch the radiation in the afternoon. In such applications it is favorable if the uppermost receiving elements over the ridge can be connected. Because this makes it possible for everyone To mechanically connect solar panels on both roof halves, see above that the number of attachment points is reduced by about half. As a result of the angle in the area of the roof ridge, those that are coupled to one another there  Do not lift the mounting elements off the roof, even if there are none in this area Attachment points are provided. Therefore, the whole is sufficient Anchoring the support structure in the area of its two lower edges on the roof structure.

The invention achieves further advantages in that the radius of curvature of a Connecting element is larger than the radius of commercially available ridge tiles. This results, in particular, in the case of a connecting element made of rigid Material a construction freely surrounding the ridge tile, so that on the one hand these bricks are spared and, on the other hand, a cavity is created which leads to Implementation of electrical cables and / or liquid hoses can be used can. Here, for example, a busbar can be laid to which the connecting wires of the individual solar panels are connected in parallel. Could also in this Area a collector pipe to be laid, similar to the radiators vertical ribs separated from each other and top horizontal Inlet pipe connected to the outlet connections of hot water collectors are. In the present case, however, that would not be in the area of the ridge Inlet, but the outlet pipe, because the water heated in the collectors after rises above. In the space between ridge tiles and curved fastening element according to the invention are the corresponding ones Busbars or pipes protected from the weather; in particular Hot water collection pipes are additionally through the in the cavity largely enclosed air volume thermally insulated.

It is within the scope of the invention that the connecting elements with curved and / or curved course on the sides parallel to their axis of curvature Have connection tabs or projections, which are in relation to the Extend axis of curvature approximately radially outwards. Such tabs can for example on the top of a receiving element according to the invention be screwed tight, so that the assembly for geometric reasons is easier than when attaching the curved area itself to the Peripheral side of a coupled receiving element, where a screw connection is relatively inaccessible.  

To solve the problem, the invention further provides a receiving element for flat components of solar energy systems, in particular for solar collectors

  • a) a rigid, flat profile for fastening at least one flat Solar component,
  • b) at least one on two opposite sides Coupling element for attaching to another receiving element and / or on a ridge connecting element which has the ridge tile (s) self-supporting surrounds;
  • c) wherein the coupling elements are movable such that the one another and / or receiving elements hung on a ridge connecting element in are able to at a large angle against each other or opposite Swivel ridge connecting element.

The receiving elements can be made of a flat frame with an approximately Extent of a flat solar component corresponding receiving opening and with devices for attachment to adjacent receiving elements or exist between these inserted connecting elements. If receiving elements according to the invention, the solar panels mostly on them rectangular perimeter, it ensures that two are in the same plane juxtaposed receiving elements always a common Have contact edge, so that the receiving elements according to the invention via appropriate fasteners to one another, in itself stable surface can be connected. As a result of the truss-like construction for a plurality of solar panels does not have to each receiving element itself, for example, anchored to the roof structure of a house become. Rather, it is sufficient if - over the entire area of each other connected receiving elements distributed - about four to eight attachment points with the roof truss can be provided if, for example, the roof of a Single-family house area should be occupied by solar panels. Due to its modular structure made up of individual receiving elements, one retaining structure according to the invention highly flexible to the specific number of used solar panels, the shape and area of the house roof as well  specific conditions such as chimneys and / or roof windows be adjusted. The invention accordingly creates an extremely inexpensive Support structure for solar panels, which moreover with minimal effort can be installed on roofs.

The elasticity of coupling elements according to the invention can be brought about by a joint or be increased. Such an arrangement offers the further advantage that by choosing a relatively rigid material, a stable connecting element can be created that does not necessarily have to rest on the ridge tiles, but can also span it cantilevered, so that no pressure on the Ridge tile is exercised. Nevertheless, the connecting element according to the invention movable through the joint and can therefore be used on different roof pitches be adjusted.

On the other hand, it is also within the scope of the invention that the coupling elements are made of an elastic material. As a result of this elasticity there are Fasteners able to adhere to roofs with different slopes by adjusting different angles of inclination, Allow receiving elements according to the invention.

The invention can be further developed so that the devices for coupling a receiving element with adjacent receiving elements and / or with between these inserted connecting elements, especially those with curved and / or curved course, designed as releasable connections are. This feature facilitates the modular construction of a support structure completely identical recording elements to each other, because this enables the Recording elements on site, d. i.e., directly on a house roof, be assembled together. In the case of defective roof tiles, a subsequent one It is easy to detach individual receiving elements.

A particularly advantageous embodiment of the invention is characterized by this from the fact that on at least one side of each receiving element one or more, cross-section approximately hook-shaped coupling elements and on the opposite  Side of the receiving element and / or on an adjacent side of a Connecting element a corresponding number of approximately web-shaped cross-section Coupling elements are arranged so that a positive interlocking each a coupling hook and a coupling web is possible. Such a simple one Hook connection takes advantage of the fact that along the sloping surface of a House roofing always has a downhill slope force that is a lower one Striving to pull down the receiving element along the sloping roof, thereby for example, a hooking connection of receiving elements arranged one below the other is constantly under tension, so that the hook-shaped element on his Pendant, which is designed as a web, but at least similar to an eyelet partially encompassed, is secured against unintentional opening. The result is an assembly-friendly construction in which the inventive Starting elements on the ridge can simply be hung one below the other can.

In a development of this embodiment, the invention provides that the Coupling hook with hook lugs pointing towards the rear of the receiving element are provided. This enables continuous assembly in which the each next following receiving element with its coupling hook from above / outside on the relevant coupling webs of the one above, already mounted receiving element is lowered.

It has proven favorable that the coupling webs to the side in question of the receiving element or the connecting element parallel longitudinal axes have along which the cross section of the web does not change. By the Coupling webs therefore parallel to the (lower) side of an already assembled one Receiving element run, they form a hanging option with horizontal extending longitudinal axis, so that an attached receiving element in one indifferent equilibrium state and in the horizontal direction can be moved slightly to make the connection horizontal to be able to manufacture and / or release adjacent receiving elements.  

In this invention, the coupling webs are on with their end faces over the relevant side of the receiving element or the connecting element cantilevered projections anchored, in particular molded. This is it possible, no connection to the middle of the webs at all provide relevant receiving element, so that this together with the frontal projections and the relevant outside of the receiving element enclose regular eyelets into which the coupling hooks can optimally snap.

Further advantages result from the fact that the coupling webs have a round or have a rounded cross-section. By the invention the coupling webs given a round cross section, it creates the possibility that the Coupling hooks can be pivoted relative to the coupling webs, so that the receiving elements are inclined towards each other in their connection areas and therefore also on roof surfaces with variable inclination angles can be adapted as they can still be found, for example, in older roofs.

In a somewhat modified embodiment of the invention, the cross-sectionally approximately hook-shaped coupling elements by a slot-shaped Opening formed in the back of the receiving element. So here are not several, discrete coupling hooks on the relevant side of one Distribution element distributed, but this is instead with an almost continuous, slit-shaped recess provided, the peripheral to the slit-shaped depression remaining part of the mounting frame of the nose of the corresponds to hook-shaped coupling element. With a corresponding inclination of the Slot level opposite the back of the receiving element can also be found here create an arrangement in which an accidental release from one introduced web only due to the weight or slope downforce of the attached receiving element is not possible.

The invention further provides that the scope of the invention Receiving elements one or more, perpendicular to its base plane Has recesses for receiving fastening screws or bolts. These recesses can be used in conjunction with the invention  Use modular concept highly universally: With this you can on the one hand Adjacent receiving elements are fixed to one another by means of fastening tabs become; in the area of the roof ridges there may be a curved connection and / or curved fastener possible. After all, this can Recesses also serve to be anchored to the roof truss To attach mounting bolts to some of the stable support structure to fix a few points on the roof structure and therefore also with increased wind load to prevent the structure from lifting off the roof. Due to the consequently interconnected, lying on the roof tiles Solar panels get the roof tiles an additional security, so that Another effect of loosening individual roof tiles as a result of storm gusts is avoided.

It is within the scope of the invention that the fastening recesses Completely enforce the frame of the receiving elements according to the invention. This has the advantage on the one hand that all mounting recesses both for Attaching fasteners according to the invention as well as for passage fastening bolts anchored to the roof structure. When connecting such as straight, as well as curved and / or curved Fastening elements offer continuous fastening recesses The advantage that you can choose to thread yourself into the frame as well as by a counter element arranged on the underside of the frame secured machine screws can be used so that the installer Choose different fastening techniques depending on the stability requirements can. It is also possible to use the mounting recesses to be provided with an internal thread in order to screw in machine screws directly can. The continuous fastening recesses offer the others Advantage that no water can remain in unused recesses, which contribute to damage to the frame due to freezing in winter could.

Furthermore, the invention provides flat elements for covering the butt joint and / or the fastening elements to one or more neighboring ones Receiving elements in front. Such covers have one  Protective function, on the other hand they contribute to a visual standardization of the Solar panels cover the area and thus increase the aesthetics of the Overall impression, which is particularly important for single-family houses. It is also conceivable to design the mounting tabs as cover surfaces.

The covers according to the invention are preferably with one or both adjoining mounting frame screwed. In this respect, they can quickly can be resolved if access to those below is available during a repair Fasteners are necessary.

Another advantageous feature of the invention is that the bottom of the Frame with a base plate or at least with an all-round Support surface is provided. A base plate increases the stability of the frame, so that it can be easily made of plastic. this in turn has the advantage that a receiving element according to the invention is very light and therefore neither roof tiles nor roof truss are more heavily loaded than, for example, a thick one Layer of snow. Base plate or contact surface make it easier to insert one Solar panel.

When using a base plate, it has proven to be cheap, in the same Provide water drainage openings. This feature also serves to To prevent puddles from standing still, so not at temperatures below the freezing point, the formation of cracks in the receiving element and / or the solar panels is to be feared.

Further advantages come to light when on two opposite sides of the frame, which in the fully assembled state of the receiving element on a sloping base at different levels, each in the area of front edge of the inner frame circumference to the frame base plane approximately parallel retaining webs are formed, which together with the back of the Each receiving element has a receiving pocket for an edge of the insert Form solar panel. Here is a screw connection of the solar panel the receiving element is not provided. Rather, this will be in both  Receiving pockets inserted and in this position by the downhill force on the one hand, prevented from falling out by the retaining webs on the other hand. Since no tool is required for this either, the invention is suitable Mounting element especially for assembly by technical amateurs.

In a further development of this inventive idea, it is provided that the distance between the free edge of the lower in the fully assembled state of the receiving element retaining bridge located at the bottom of the opposite receiving pocket is greater than the corresponding extent of a solar collector to be inserted. This enables an assembly technique in which a solar collector is initially used completely inserted from below into the upper pocket, then all the way across the free edge of the lower retaining web Recess of the receiving element pivoted in and finally along the Base plate or along the support surfaces of the receiving element so far is lowered until its lower edge on the bottom of the lower pocket sits on.

In addition to this feature, it has proven to be beneficial that the finished assembled state of the receiving element higher-lying receiving bag a has greater insertion depth than the lower one in this state Pocket. Because in this case the upper retaining bridge covers the Upper edge of the inserted solar collector even after the complete Lowering the same, so that the top swings out the Solar collector is completely excluded even against its weight.

A preferred embodiment of the invention is characterized in that the underside of the frame and / or the base plate spacing knobs or - afford exist. This will make the distance between the bottom of the receiving elements according to the invention and / or inserted therein Solar panels and roof tiles enlarged, allowing air to circulate is possible, which ensures, for example, that the roof tiles quickly after a rain can dry off.  

If spacer strips are used, there are special advantages from that the same underneath two opposing long sides of the Frame are arranged parallel to this. This allows the air between each Circulate two spacer bars over the entire roof area.

The invention offers the additional advantage that in the context of Receiving elements according to the invention openings for the passage of electrical cables and / or liquid hoses can be provided. As above carried out, it is a concern of the invention, the connecting lines or pipes collect all of the solar panels in the area of the roof ridge and one to supply central energy storage or the like. To the within the concerned Frame arranged solar panels below any existing She sees the ability to connect covers to these central busbars Invention openings in the frame through the appropriate cables and / or Hoses can be passed through.

An embodiment of the invention in which the Frame is designed as a circumferential hollow profile. As already stated, lies another object of the invention is to pass a plurality of receiving elements the sloping roof to be arranged one below the other, but all to the central Busbars must be connected in the area of the roof ridge. For that the invention provides necessary connecting lines and / or hoses Laying shafts in the form of the cavities within the receiving elements Available. As a result of this additional feature are inventive Receiving elements can be used extremely universally, for example because the connecting pipes from Hot water collectors arranged in the cavities in the lower roof area the upper receiving elements past the solar cells installed there to one Can collect pipe in the area of the roof ridge.

Further advantages result from the fact that the frame consists of two superimposed half-shells. This gives the opportunity that first the lower halves of the receiving elements on a house roof can be mounted so that a stable holding frame is created. Into each other  connected, lower halves of the receiving elements are then the Solar panels used. Then the wiring or piping made, the connecting wires or hoses from above into the now open shafts of the all-round hollow profile can be inserted. Finally, the top halves of the receiving elements are on the bottom Halves mounted, while the solar panels and included Connection elements are fixed. Another advantage is that the anchoring and / or fastening screws only in the lower halves of the receiving elements screwed in and then covered by the top so that they are in front Corrosion etc. are protected.

It is advantageous here that the two half-shells of the frame Snap locks can be fixed together. This will make the assembly work reduced to a minimum.

It has proven to be advantageous that the framework of the invention Receiving elements has a rectangular base. This allows the Recording elements to form a complete grid, approximately the shape of a Put the chess boards together. This shape also corresponds to that common format of commercially available solar panels. Such Mounting elements are equally for photovoltaic modules as for Suitable for hot water collectors, both of which have a rectangular base have, so that a combination of these different energy collectors with only a single type of receiving elements according to the invention is possible. By only one for all possible types of solar panels To produce the receiving element molding, its manufacturing costs can be reduced to one Minimum be reduced.

Finally, it corresponds to the teaching of the invention that the frame and, if necessary, the Base plate is made of plastic. This material combines the advantages of one light weight with an extremely high corrosion resistance and very low raw material and manufacturing costs.

Further details, features and advantages are provided on the basis of the invention from the following description of a preferred embodiment of the Invention and with reference to the drawing. This shows in:

Fig. 1 shows a house with a present invention of a plurality of recording elements along gege translated holding structure for an approximately equally large number of solar panels,

Fig. 2 is a side view of the Fig. 1,

Fig. 3 shows the detail III from Fig. 2, on an enlarged scale

Fig. 4 is a plan view of FIG. 3 taken along the arrow IV,

Fig. 5 is a section through FIG. 4 along the line VV,

Fig. 6 shows the detail VI from FIG. 3 with a single receiving element when inserting a solar panel, and

Fig. 7, the receiving element according to the invention in another use.

Fig. 1 shows a house with a saddle roof 2, which is occupied in its upper part 3 with a formed from the inventive receiving elements 4 support structure 5 for solar collectors. 6

As can be seen from FIG. 2, the inclined surface 9 of the gable roof 2 facing away from the viewer, like the visible inclined surface 10, is also provided with solar collectors 6 accommodated in receiving elements 4 . The receiving elements 4 on both inclined surfaces 9 , 10 are connected to one another by the roof ridges 7 fastening means 8 , so that a single support structure 5 results. Since there are also two rows 11 of receiving elements 4 on the rear inclined surface 9 , the supporting structure 5 consists of a total of forty receiving elements 4 .

Instead of dividing the supporting structure 5 according to the invention into horizontal rows 11 , it can also be said that it consists of ten columns 12 , each column 12 having four receiving elements 4 , of which the two middle ones are connected to one another by a fastening element 8 via the roof ridge 7 . In Figs. 1 and 3 can be clearly seen that each receiving element 4 or 61 formed of a rectangular frame with a rectangular profile cross section. A stiffening base plate is arranged within this frame, which is approximately aligned with the underside of the frame, so that the inside of the frame forms a flat depression together with the base plate. The base area of the recess is slightly larger than the base area of commercially available photovoltaic modules 6 or hot water collectors. On the other hand, the height of the depression corresponds approximately to the strength of such solar collectors 6 , so that they can be fitted into the depression quite precisely, as shown, for example, in FIG. 6.

To fix the solar collectors 6 , the base plate can be drilled through at a suitable point before the solar collectors 6 are installed, so that fastening screws can be inserted through these openings and screwed to threaded bores arranged on the rear of the relevant solar collector 6 .

How the sectional representations acc. Fig. 3, 5 and 6 show, the frame is formed as a round circular hollow profile, which may be provided in the region of the four corners of the frame with openings. The openings allow the passage of electrical cables 23 as well as liquid hoses, so that the cavity of the frame can be used as a cable and / or hose shaft. This makes it possible to lead the connecting cables and / or hoses of the solar collectors 6 in a lower row 11 through the hollow shafts of the receiving elements 4 , 61 in the rows 11 above them to the central or uppermost fastening element 72 , for example to one To connect busbar 23 and to connect to a central energy storage device or the like.

In addition to the through openings, the frame can be perpendicular to it Base plate have directed mounting holes. In the area of this Mounting holes, however, the cavity is not open, but through one of cylindrical sleeve from the top to the bottom of the frame completed. Although such a cylindrical sleeve is not compatible with one Internal thread, fastening screws can be screwed in, if they are able to cut their own thread.

In the area of the roof ridge 7, however , anchoring with the aid of fastening bolts is not necessary, since here a fastening element 72 specially constructed for this purpose fixes the receiving elements 4 , 61 of the two uppermost rows 11 of the supporting structure 5 to one another, so that they hold each other and also at higher wind strengths there is no need to fear lifting of the supporting structure 5 in this area.

The receiving elements 4 , 61 a, 61 b placed on opposite inclined surfaces 9 , 10 of the roof 2 exert approximately symmetrical downward slope forces on the fastening element 72 , which thus largely compensate each other. As a result, none of the receiving elements 4 , 61 a, 61 b hanging on the same fastening element 72 succeeds in pulling it onto its side. Therefore, the fastener 72 remains in the middle of the roof ridge 7 , and it is not necessary to cover both inclined surfaces 9 , 10 of a roof 2 with an identical number of receiving elements 4 , 61 a, 61 b and solar panels 6 . In particular, it is possible to occupy the southern roof half 10 with solar panels 6 in single-family houses 1 , the ridge 7 of which runs approximately in an east-west direction, while other, but also flat elements of the solar energy system concerned can be installed on the northern roof half 9 .

Depending on the type of energy generation and storage of interconnected plate capacitors on the north side 9, for example. To area modules may be arranged, which serve for the storage in the form of electrical energy or planar hydrogen storage, which in a use of electrical energy for the cleavage of water into hydrogen and oxygen are needed. In addition, it is also conceivable to arrange on the north side 9 of the roof 2 surface heat exchanger within the present invention the receiving elements 4, 61, 61b, with which the delivered by arranged on the south side of hot-water collectors heat to a secondary side, closed about the installed inside the house radiator circuit is transmitted.

As shown in FIG. 3, the receiving elements 61 a, 61 b attached to each other. For this purpose, on the respective overhead transverse side 62 a, 62 b of a receiving element of the invention 61 a, 61 b hook-shaped engaging elements 63 integrally formed with to the rear side 64 of the relevant receiving element 61 a, 61 b directed hook lugs 65th

As can be seen in particular from FIGS. 3 and 4, extensions 67 are formed on the lower transverse sides 66 a of the receiving elements 61 a, 61 b, offset from the hook-shaped coupling elements 63 . Two adjacent extensions 67 are connected to one another in their lower region 68 by a web 69 . Thus, between the lower transverse side 66 a, two adjacent extensions 67 and a cross bar 69 connecting them to the rear 64 of the receiving element 61 a, 61 b open recesses 70 for hanging a hook-shaped coupling element 63 . The webs 63 have a rounded upper edge 71 , at the radius of curvature of which the corresponding recess in the hook-shaped coupling elements 63 is adapted, so that two mutually attached receiving elements 61 a, 61 b can have a different angle of inclination.

As shown in FIG. 3, in this embodiment the ridge element 72 can be designed as a rigid hood which is curved approximately in a semi-circular cross-section and surrounds the ridge tile 51 at a distance, so that collecting pipes 73 and electrical cables 23 can be laid in the cavity formed between them. The ridge element 72 is placed in the center of the ridge 7 and can be screwed onto the ridge beam 75 of the roof frame 76 several times with the aid of long fastening screws 74 , in order to create a stable starting point for the further mounting of the receiving elements 61 a, 61 b.

In the area of the two longitudinal edges 77 , extensions 79 are arranged on the outside 78 of the ridge element 72 at approximately equidistant intervals, which are connected to one another in the area of their outside edge 80 by horizontally extending crossbars 81 . The radius of curvature of the transverse webs 81 corresponds approximately to the upper edges 71 of the crossbars 69 so that the hook-shaped coupling elements 63 of the uppermost receiving members 61 a can be easily hooked to the transverse webs 81st As a result of the round cross section of the webs 81 , the suspended receiving elements 61 a are able to pivot at a large angle relative to the ridge element 72 , so that an adaptation to different angles of inclination of the inclined surfaces 9 , 10 of the roof 2 is possible.

On the inclined sides 82, 83 of the receiving elements 61 a, 61 b 84 parallel mounting tabs 85 , 86 are arranged to the base plane, which largely overlap in the assembled state of the support structure 5 . Each of the fastening tabs 85 , 86 is provided with bores 87 which are aligned with one another in the overlapping state of the lugs 85 , 86 , so that when the support structure 5 is assembled, a common fastening screw 88 is pushed through two mutually aligned bores 87 and fixed in a frictionally locking manner by means of a counter element can be. As a result, the supporting structure increases maximum strength.

On the back 64 of the receiving elements 61 a, 61 b according to the invention, parallel to the inclined sides 82, 83 are spacer webs 89 which serve the purpose of creating cavities between the receiving elements 61 a, 61 b and the roof tiles 52 , the optimal Allow air circulation below the receiving elements 61 a, 61 b.

Since the cooling of photovoltaic modules is particularly important on hot summer days in order to achieve optimum efficiency, a large-area recess 112 is provided in the rear 64 of each receiving element 61 , so that cooling solar panels 6 are also directly surrounded by cooling air on their rear which rises in the wide central shaft between the inner two spacer webs 89 of a receiving element 61 .

How to Fig. 5 further removes the frame 90 are designed as cross-sectionally rectangular hollow sections. In order to be able to use the interior 91 of these hollow profiles 90 for laying electrical cables 23 or liquid hoses, through openings 90 are also arranged in the region of the corners 92 of the frame. In addition, there are neither hook-shaped coupling elements 63 nor extensions 67 or transverse webs 69 in this area, nor are there any fastening tabs 85 , 86 . In order to protect the electrical cables 23 or liquid hoses that are exposed in this area from weather influences, cover tabs 93 can be fastened in the relevant areas 92 , which cover the upper transverse side 62 b of the receiving element 61 b suspended below when the supporting structure 5 is fully assembled.

The fastening of a solar collector 6 in the recess 94 of a receiving element 61 a, 61 b each serve two retaining webs 95 , 96 , which lie approximately in the upper-side plane 97 and from the surfaces 98 bordering the recess 94 and parallel to the transverse sides 62 , 66, 98 99 of frame 90 project inwards. The base plate 84 of the receiving element 61 , its two inner boundary surfaces 98 , 99 and the retaining webs 95 , 96 formed thereon accordingly form two receiving pockets 100 , 101 for a transverse edge 102 , 103 of the solar collector 6 .

The distance between the free longitudinal edge 104 of the lower retaining web 96 and the base area 98 of the upper receiving pocket 100 is somewhat greater than the corresponding length of a solar collector 6 , so that the upper transverse edge 102 of the solar collector 6 is in the upper receiving pocket 100 until it lies against the base 98 thereof can be inserted 105. Subsequently, its lower transverse edge 103 is pivoted 106 past the free longitudinal edge 104 of the lower retaining web 96 into the recess 94 of the receiving element. Upon subsequent release, the solar collector 6 slides downward along the base plate 84 as a result of the downward slope force until its lower transverse edge 103 touches the bottom 99 of the lower receiving pocket 101 abuts. Since the upper retaining web 95 is wider than the lower retaining web 96 , it covers the upper transverse edge 102 of the solar collector 6 even after it has slipped down and holds the solar collector 6 together with the lower retaining web 96 in the recess 94 , so that even with strong wind gusts and / or vibrations lifting the solar collector 6 out of the receiving element 61 is excluded.

The receiving element 61 according to the invention can be made of plastic; however, it also lends itself to production from aluminum, since this is light and very stable and for this reason should also preferably be used for the ridge element 72 . To further reduce the weight, slots can be provided in the aluminum profile.

The receiving elements 4 , 61 according to the invention as well as the corresponding ridge elements 72 are not restricted to the use on gable roofs. There are also applications on flat roofs or moderately inclined garage roofs, where the ridge elements 72 form a central cable duct 107 , which enables clear and weather-protected wiring or piping of the solar collectors 6 . Another application is the installation on high soundproof walls along highways, where a flat extension is also advantageous.

Furthermore, the receiving elements 4 , 61 according to the invention can be hung over walls 108 or fences, as is shown as an example in FIG. 7. In contrast to the planar arrangement, this application represents the other limit case, in which the two receiving elements 61 attached to a ridge element 72 are pivoted so far that they hang parallel to one another on both sides 109, 110 of the wall 108 . This arrangement is particularly suitable for walls running in a north-south direction, but can also be used successfully for walls in an east-west direction, because even on the north side of a wall or building due to the diffuse light scattering in the atmosphere an efficiency of 30-40% is still achieved.

For transport, the receiving elements according to the invention are placed on top of one another, rods are pushed through the mutually aligned fastening recesses 87 and the same is fixed at both ends with threaded elements, so that a compact transport unit results even without additional packaging. In addition, solar panels inserted into the receiving elements are protected against damage, which therefore also does not have to be packed.

The solar power generated can be used in the home and / or to charge the batteries Electric cars are used.

Claims (28)

1. Solar energy system with surfaces inclined on and / or along each other, in particular on the gable roof ( 2 ) of a house ( 1 ) on both sides of the ridge ( 7 ), flat components, in particular solar panels ( 6 ) such as photovoltaic modules and / or hot water collectors, the flat components ( 6 ) being connected to one another via the common edge, in particular the roof ridge ( 7 ), so that the flat components ( 6 ) hang together in the area of the common edge and the slope downforce there is approximately in static equilibrium , and wherein the flat components ( 6 ) are arranged in a saddle shape above the outer skin of the surfaces in question, the connection being made across the common edge, in particular the roof ridge ( 7 ), by a ridge connecting element ( 72 ) which connects the ridge tile (s) ( 51 ) self-supporting surrounds, characterized in that
  • a) the flat components ( 6 ) are fastened in / on stiffened receiving elements ( 4 , 61 ) which are connected to one another and to the ridge connecting element ( 72 ) via coupling elements;
  • b) the coupling elements being movable in such a way that the receiving elements ( 4 , 61 ), which are attached to one another and / or to a ridge connecting element ( 72 ), are capable of pivoting at a large angle with respect to one another or with respect to the ridge connecting element ( 72 ).
2. Solar energy system according to claim 1, in particular for a roof ( 2 ) with a roof ridge running in east-west direction ( 7 ), characterized in that on the south side ( 10 ) of the roof ( 2 ) solar panels ( 6 ) and on North side ( 9 ) counterweights are arranged.
3. Solar energy system according to claim 2, characterized in that as Counterweights energy storage such as accumulators, high-capacity Capacitors and / or hydrogen tanks are used.
4. Solar energy system according to claim 2 or 3, characterized in that heat exchangers are used as counterweights between a primary one located above the roof Hot water collectors closed circuit and a secondary Circuit are switched, the heating elements arranged in the house is closed.
5. Solar energy system according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the flat unit ( 5 ) in the region of its lower edges ( 33 ) is connected to the roof structure ( 76 ).
6. Solar energy system according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the flat unit ( 5 ) with the ridge beam ( 75 ) is connected.
7. ridge connecting element ( 72 ) for flat solar components, in particular solar collectors ( 6 ) such as photovoltaic modules and / or hot water collectors, on and / or along mutually inclined surfaces, in particular on the gable roof ( 2 ) of a house ( 1 ) on both sides of the Roof ridges ( 7 ), the flat components ( 6 ) being connected to one another via the common edge, in particular the roof ridge ( 7 ), such that the flat components ( 6 ) hang together in the area of the common edge ( 7 ) and there the Slope downward forces are approximately in static equilibrium, the flat components being arranged in a saddle shape above the outer skin of the surfaces in question, the ridge connecting element ( 72 ) being rigid, surrounding the ridge tile ( 51 ) cantilevered, and at least one on each of two opposite sides fl coupling element for attaching each of a rigid female element (4, 61) for a having CHIGE solar component (6), characterized in that the coupling elements are movable such that the spliced to the first connection element (72) receiving elements (4, 61) are able to pivot at a large angle relative to the first connecting element (72).
8. Element ( 4 , 61 ) for receiving flat solar components, in particular solar panels ( 6 ) such as photovoltaic modules and / or hot water collectors, and for mounting them on and / or along inclined surfaces, in particular on the gable roof ( 2 ) of a house ( 1 ) on both sides of the roof ridge ( 7 ), the flat components ( 6 ) being connected to one another across the common edge, in particular the roof ridge ( 7 ), such that the flat components ( 6 ) are in the region of the common edge hang together and the slope downforce there is approximately in static equilibrium, the flat components ( 6 ) being arranged in a saddle shape above the outer skin of the surfaces in question, characterized by
  • a) a rigid, flat profile for fastening at least one flat solar component ( 6 ),
  • b) the opposing two sides, which surrounds at least one respective coupling element for attaching to another receiving element (4, 61) and / or having at a first connecting element (72) to / the ridge tile (51) cantilevered;
  • c) the coupling elements being movable in such a way that the receiving elements ( 4 , 61 ), which are attached to one another and / or to a ridge connecting element ( 72 ), are able to pivot at a large angle with respect to one another or with respect to the ridge connecting element ( 72 ).
9. receiving element according to claim 8, characterized by a Frame consisting of two superimposed half-shells.
10. receiving element according to claim 9, characterized in that the two half-shells of the frame with snap locks together can be determined.
11. Receiving element according to one of claims 8 to 10, characterized in that the underside ( 64 ) of the frame ( 90 ) is provided with a base plate ( 84 ) or with an all-round bearing surface.
12. Receiving element according to claim 11, characterized in that the bottom plate ( 84 ) is penetrated by water drainage openings.
13. Receiving element according to one of claims 8 to 12, characterized in that on two opposite sides (62, 66) of the frame ( 90 ), which in the fully assembled state of the receiving element ( 61 ) on an inclined base ( 9 , 10 ) are at different levels, in each case in the area of the front ( 97 ) edge of the inner frame circumference ( 98 , 99 ) to the frame base plane ( 84 ) approximately parallel retaining webs ( 95 , 96 ) are formed, which together with the rear side ( 84 ) of the receiving element ( 61 ) each form a receiving pocket ( 100 , 101 ) for an edge ( 102 , 103 ) of the solar collector ( 6 ) to be inserted.
14. Receiving element according to claim 13, characterized in that the distance of the free edge ( 104 ) of the lower retaining web ( 96 ) in the fully assembled state of the receiving element ( 61 ) to the bottom ( 98 ) of the opposite receiving pocket ( 100 ) is greater than that corresponding extension of a solar collector ( 6 ) to be inserted.
15. Receiving element according to claim 13 or 14, characterized in that the receiving pocket ( 100 ) located higher in the fully assembled state of the receiving element ( 61 ) has a greater insertion depth than the receiving pocket ( 101 ) located lower in this state.
16. Receiving element according to one of claims 8 to 15, characterized in that on the underside ( 64 ) of the frame ( 90 ) and / or a base plate ( 84 ) spacing knobs ( 111 ) and / or webs ( 89 ) are present.
17. Receiving element according to claim 16, characterized in that the spacer webs ( 89 ) are arranged in the region of two mutually opposite sides (82, 83) of the frame ( 90 ) and parallel to these.
18. Receiving element according to one of claims 8 to 17, characterized characterized in that the frame is one or more, perpendicular to its Recesses running at the base plane for receiving one Roof frame has anchored fastening screws or bolts, which fully enforce the frame.
19. Receiving element according to one of claims 8 to 18, characterized in that the frame ( 90 ) and possibly the base plate ( 84 ) is made of plastic.
20. Receiving element according to one of claims 8 to 19, characterized in that the fastening devices ( 69 ; 85 , 86 , 88 ) are designed as releasable connections.
21. Receiving element according to one of claims 8 to 20, characterized in that on at least one side (62) of each receiving element ( 61 ) one or more, cross-sectionally approximately hook-shaped coupling elements ( 63 ) and on the opposite side (66) of the receiving element ( 61 ) and / or on an adjacent side (77) of a connecting element ( 72 ) a corresponding number of cross-sectionally approximately web-shaped coupling elements ( 69 , 81 ) are arranged so that an engagement of one coupling hook ( 63 ) and one coupling web ( 69 , 81 ) is possible is.
22. Receiving element according to claim 21, characterized in that the coupling hooks ( 63 ) with the rear side ( 64 ) of the receiving element ( 61 ) facing hook lugs ( 65 ) are provided.
23. Receiving element according to claim 22, characterized in that the coupling webs ( 69 , 81 ) to the relevant side (66, 77) of the receiving element ( 61 ) or the ridge connecting element ( 72 ) have parallel longitudinal axes, along which the web cross section does not change.
24. Receiving element according to claim 23, characterized in that the coupling webs ( 69 , 81 ) anchored with their end faces on the relevant side (66, 78) of the receiving element ( 61 ) or the ridge connecting element ( 72 ) projecting projections ( 67 , 79 ) , in particular are molded on.
25. Receiving element according to claim 23 or 24, characterized in that the coupling webs ( 69 , 81 ) have a round or rounded cross section.
26. Receiving element according to claim 25, characterized in that the cross-section approximately hook-shaped coupling elements by a slot-shaped opening formed in the back of the receiving element are.  
27. Receiving element according to one of claims 8 to 26, characterized by flat elements ( 93 ) for covering the butt joint to one or more adjacent receiving elements.
28. Receiving element according to claim 27, characterized in that the covers ( 93 ) are screwed to the frame of the receiving elements.
DE4444439A 1994-12-14 1994-12-14 Solar energy system and receiving element and ridge connecting element therefor Expired - Fee Related DE4444439C2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE4444439A DE4444439C2 (en) 1994-12-14 1994-12-14 Solar energy system and receiving element and ridge connecting element therefor

Applications Claiming Priority (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE4444439A DE4444439C2 (en) 1994-12-14 1994-12-14 Solar energy system and receiving element and ridge connecting element therefor
PCT/EP1995/004898 WO1996018857A2 (en) 1994-12-14 1995-12-12 Universal stacking, transport and mounting element for collection, storage, etc., of solar energy as well as its fastening
AU43436/96A AU4343696A (en) 1994-12-14 1995-12-12 Universal stacking, transport and mounting element for collection, storage, etc., of solar energy as well as its fastening
DE19601069A DE19601069A1 (en) 1994-12-14 1996-01-13 Solar energy installation for pitched roof

Publications (2)

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DE4444439A1 DE4444439A1 (en) 1995-04-27
DE4444439C2 true DE4444439C2 (en) 2001-02-22

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US9154074B2 (en) 2009-10-06 2015-10-06 Solarcity Corporation Apparatus for forming and mounting a photovoltaic array
US9447801B2 (en) 2009-07-02 2016-09-20 Solarcity Corporation Apparatus for forming and mounting a photovoltaic array
US9518596B2 (en) 2009-07-02 2016-12-13 Solarcity Corporation Pivot-fit frame, system and method for photovoltaic modules
US9599280B2 (en) 2009-07-02 2017-03-21 Solarcity Corporation Pivot-fit frame, system and method for photovoltaic modules

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DE19612489C1 (en) * 1996-03-29 1997-09-18 Braas Gmbh Photovoltaic system for a pitched roof
DE19612488C1 (en) * 1996-03-29 1997-09-18 Braas Gmbh Support element for fastening a flat plate-shaped component on a sloping roof
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