DE3816352A1 - Single-use cellulose hygiene article - Google Patents

Single-use cellulose hygiene article

Info

Publication number
DE3816352A1
DE3816352A1 DE19883816352 DE3816352A DE3816352A1 DE 3816352 A1 DE3816352 A1 DE 3816352A1 DE 19883816352 DE19883816352 DE 19883816352 DE 3816352 A DE3816352 A DE 3816352A DE 3816352 A1 DE3816352 A1 DE 3816352A1
Authority
DE
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
substances
absorbent
odour
swelling
binding
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
DE19883816352
Other languages
German (de)
Other versions
DE3816352C2 (en )
Inventor
Krzysztof Dipl Ing Malowaniec
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hartmann Paul AG
Original Assignee
Hartmann Paul AG
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/84Accessories, not otherwise provided for, for absorbent pads
    • A61F13/8405Additives, e.g. for odour, disinfectant or pH control
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L15/00Chemical aspects of, or use of materials for, bandages, dressings or absorbent pads
    • A61L15/16Bandages, dressings or absorbent pads for physiological fluids such as urine or blood, e.g. sanitary towels, tampons
    • A61L15/42Use of materials characterised by their function or physical properties
    • A61L15/46Deodorants or malodour counteractants, e.g. to inhibit the formation of ammonia or bacteria
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/84Accessories, not otherwise provided for, for absorbent pads
    • A61F13/8405Additives, e.g. for odour, disinfectant or pH control
    • A61F2013/8408Additives, e.g. for odour, disinfectant or pH control with odour control
    • A61F2013/8414Additives, e.g. for odour, disinfectant or pH control with odour control with anti-microbic
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/84Accessories, not otherwise provided for, for absorbent pads
    • A61F13/8405Additives, e.g. for odour, disinfectant or pH control
    • A61F2013/8408Additives, e.g. for odour, disinfectant or pH control with odour control
    • A61F2013/842Additives, e.g. for odour, disinfectant or pH control with odour control with active charcoal
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F13/00Bandages or dressings; Absorbent pads
    • A61F13/15Absorbent pads, e.g. sanitary towels, swabs or tampons for external or internal application to the body; Supporting or fastening means therefor; Tampon applicators
    • A61F13/84Accessories, not otherwise provided for, for absorbent pads
    • A61F13/8405Additives, e.g. for odour, disinfectant or pH control
    • A61F2013/8408Additives, e.g. for odour, disinfectant or pH control with odour control
    • A61F2013/8423Additives, e.g. for odour, disinfectant or pH control with odour control with molecular sieves; zeolites
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2300/00Biologically active materials used in bandages, wound dressings, absorbent pads or medical devices
    • A61L2300/10Biologically active materials used in bandages, wound dressings, absorbent pads or medical devices containing or releasing inorganic materials
    • A61L2300/102Metals or metal compounds, e.g. salts such as bicarbonates, carbonates, oxides, zeolites, silicates

Abstract

It is customary today to embed, in the absorbent, swelling substances for storing the body fluid. For the purpose of odour inhibition it is considered particularly effective according to the invention for odour-binding substances, such as zeolite or activated carbon, to be separately embedded in the regions of the absorbent which contain the swelling substances, in a concentration which at almost every point of the absorbent is chosen to be essentially proportional to the concentration of the swelling substances in the absorbent. This produces a synergy between the swelling and the odour-binding substances as regards odour absorption.

Description

Die Erfindung betrifft einen hygienischen Zellstoff artikel nach dem Oberbegriff des Anspruchs 1. The invention relates to a hygienic cellulose article according to the preamble of claim 1.

Es ist bekannt, in Windeln Quellsubstanzen zu verwenden, die die anfallende Flüssigkeit binden. It is known to use source materials in diapers that bind the resulting liquid. Es handelt sich hierbei um hochquellfähige Polymere, die bei Zutritt von Flüssigkeit langsam quellen und diese in großer Menge speichern. This is to highly swellable polymers that swell slowly when exposed to liquid and store it in large quantities. Dabei werden diese superabsorbierenden Stoffe in der Regel gleichmäßig im Saugkörper eingelagert. Here, these superabsorbent materials are incorporated usually evenly absorbent body. Es ist aber auch schon vorgeschlagen worden, die Quellsub stanz in Richtung der Windellängsachse vom Verstärkungs bereich in der Mitte der Windel nach außen abnehmend aufzutragen entsprechend dem anfallenden Flüssigkeits verteilungsprofil. It has also been proposed that Quellsub punched in the longitudinal axis direction of the diaper from the gain region in the center of the diaper decreasingly applied to the outside in accordance with the resulting liquid distribution profile.

Neben dem Geruch der frischen Ausscheidungen macht sich der Geruch der Abbauprodukte der Körperflüssigkeiten im Laufe der Zeit unangenehm bemerkbar. In addition to the smell of fresh precipitates the smell of decomposition products of the body fluids in the course of time makes unpleasantly. Die meisten der ver wendeten superabsorbierenden Substanzen haben die Fähig keit, beim Aufsaugen von Wasser den ph-Wert in Richtung sauer zu verschieben, wodurch eine leichte Geruchsvermin derung erfolgt. Most of the ver used superabsorbent substances have the capability ness to shift the absorption of water the pH toward acidic, making a slight alteration Geruchsvermin done.

Es ist bereits bekannt, sanitäre Produkte, wie Binden, mit desodorierenden und mikrobistatischen Mitteln auszu rüsten, die der Unterdrückung des Zersetzungsgeruchs von Blut, Urin usw. dienen (vgl. EP-OS 01 58 092). It is already known, sanitary products such as napkins, for For equip with deodorant and microbistatic agents which serve to suppress the decomposition odor of blood, urine, etc. (see. EP-OS 01 58 092). Die üblichen antimikrobiellen Wirkstoffe haften jedoch nicht fest auf der Faser und werden durch die Körpersekrete leicht mobilisiert, so daß deren Verwendung nicht die gewünschte Wirkung hat. However, the conventional antimicrobial agents do not adhere firmly to the fiber and be easily mobilized through the body secretions, so that their use does not have the desired effect. Auch hat sich gezeigt, daß die Verwendung gewisser desodorierender Substanzen in der Windel zu Hautirritationen führen kann. Also it has been found that the use of certain deodorizing substances in the diaper can cause skin irritation.

Der Erfindung liegt die Aufgabe zugrunde, einen hygieni schen Zellstoffartikel mit Körperflüssigkeit aufnehmenden Quellsubstanzen dadurch wirkungsvoll zu ergänzen, daß im Bereich der vorwiegenden Geruchsentwicklung, nämlich in den Quellsubstanzen enthaltenden Bereichen, eine Geruchs dämmung vorgenommen wird. The invention has for its object to add a rule Hygieni pulp article receiving body fluid source substances characterized effective that insulation is made in the area of ​​predominant odor development, namely in the source substances containing areas, odor.

Diese Aufgabe wird gemäß der Erfindung dadurch gelöst, daß in den die Quellsubstanzen enthaltenden Bereichen des Saugkörpers geruchsbindende Substanzen separat ein gelagert sind, deren Konzentration an jeder Stelle des Saugkörpers im wesentlichen proportional zu der Konzen tration der Quellsubstanzen im Saugkörper gewählt ist. This object is achieved according to the invention in that in which the source substances containing regions of the absorbent body odor-binding substances are stored separately one whose concentration tration to the concentrator proportional at any point of the absorbent body essentially the swelling substances is selected in the absorbent body.

Die separate Verwendung von geruchshemmenden Substanzen im Saugkörper hat den Vorteil, daß die Dosierung dieser Substanzen praxisgerecht, dh ensprechend der Flüssig keitscharakteristik und demnach auch der Menge der Quell substanzen, proportional vorgenommen werden kann. The separate use of odor-inhibiting substances in the absorbent body has the advantage that the dosage of these substances practical, ie, prepared following the liquid keitscharakteristik and therefore substances and the amount of the source, can be made proportional. Es soll eine Synergie zwischen den hochquellfähigen Materialien und den Geruchsbindern erfolgen. There is to be a synergy between the highly swellable materials and the smell ties. Zwar bindet schon das quellfähige Material die meiste Flüssigkeit und weist auch ein gewisses Amoniakbindevermögen auf; Although even the swellable material binds most of the liquid and also has a certain Amoniakbindevermögen on; den Über schuß an Urin oder Blut, der sich im Laufe der Zeit zer setzt und sich geruchsstörend bemerkbar macht, bewältigt die geruchsbindende Substanz. About the excess of urine or blood, putting zer over time and does smell disturbing, overcome the odor substance.

Würde man nur geruchshemmende Substanzen ohne die Quell substanzen verwenden, müßte eine wesentlich höhere Dosie rung der Geruchshemmer vorgenommen werden. If one were to use substances only odor-inhibiting substances without the source, would have a much higher Dosie tion of odor inhibitors are made.

Gemäß einem bevorzugten Vorschlag soll als geruchs absorbierende Substanz in bekannter Weise Aktivkohle verwendet werden, da diese sich mit Fasermaterial gut vermischen läßt. According to a preferred proposal activated carbon to be used as odor-absorbing substance in a known manner, as they can be mixed well with the fiber material. Als besonders vorteilhaft wird jedoch die Verwendung von Zeolithen angesehen, da diese besonders hautfreundlich und farbneutral sind. However, the use of zeolites is considered, as these are particularly skin-friendly and neutral in color to be particularly advantageous. Sie haben gegenüber den bisher verwendeten geruchshemmenden Substanzen, wie Bakteriziden, Zitronensäuren u. They have the advantage over the previously used anti-odor substances such as bactericides, citric u. dgl. den Vorteil, daß sie gegenüber der Haut neutral sind und keine chemischen Einwirkungen auf die Quellsubstanzen ausüben und das Wasserrückhaltevermögen der Quellsubstanzen nicht beein flussen. like. the advantage that they are neutral to the skin and exert no chemical attack on the source substances and not influence the water retention capacity of the remarkable swelling substances.

Claims (4)

  1. 1. Hygienischer Zellstoffartikel als Einmalartikel, wie Windel oder Höschenwindel mit folgenden Merkmalen: 1. Hygienic cellulose article as a disposable article, such as diaper or pants-type diaper having the following features:
    • - einer flüssigkeitsundurchlässigen Wäscheschutzfolie, - a liquid laundry protective film,
    • - einer porösen Vliesstoffabdeckung an der Körper seite, - a porous nonwoven cover on the body side,
    • - einem zwischen Wäscheschutzfolie und Vliesstoff abdeckung befindlichen Saugkörper, der sich vom Schrittbereich bis in die Taillenbereiche erstreckt und aus einer Mischung von Zellulosefasern und Quellstoffsubstanzen besteht, - an absorbent body cover located between laundry protection film and non-woven fabric extending from the crotch region to the waist regions and consists of a mixture of cellulose fibers and swelling substances,
  2. dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß in den die Quellstoffsubstanzen enthaltenden Bereiche des Saugkörpers geruchsbindende Substanzen separat eingelagert sind, deren Konzentration an jeder Stelle des Saugkörpers im wesentlichen proportional zu der Konzentration der Quellsubstanzen im Saugkörper gewählt ist. characterized in that in the swelling substances containing portions of the absorbent body odor-binding substances are stored separately, the concentration of which is selected to be substantially at any point of the absorbent body is proportional to the concentration of the swelling substances in the absorbent body.
  3. 2. Hygienischer Zellstoffartikel nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß als geruchsabsorbierende Substanz Aktivkohle verwendet wird. 2. Hygienic cellulose article according to claim 1, characterized in that activated carbon is used as the odor substance.
  4. 3. Hygienischer Zellstoffartikel nach Anspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, daß als geruchsabsorbierende Sub stanzen Zeolithe verwendet werden. 3. Hygienic cellulose article according to claim 1, characterized in that the odor absorbing sub punch zeolites are used.
DE19883816352 1988-05-13 1988-05-13 Hygienic pulp products as disposable articles Expired - Fee Related DE3816352C2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE19883816352 DE3816352C2 (en) 1988-05-13 1988-05-13 Hygienic pulp products as disposable articles

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE19883816352 DE3816352C2 (en) 1988-05-13 1988-05-13 Hygienic pulp products as disposable articles

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
DE3816352A1 true true DE3816352A1 (en) 1989-11-23
DE3816352C2 DE3816352C2 (en) 1997-08-07

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0389015A2 (en) * 1989-03-20 1990-09-26 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Absorbent structures with odor control material
US5306487A (en) * 1990-02-12 1994-04-26 Nancy Karapasha High capacity odor controlling compositions
US5407442A (en) * 1990-02-12 1995-04-18 Karapasha; Nancy Carbon-containing odor controlling compositions
USH1579H (en) * 1990-02-12 1996-08-06 Furio; Diane L. Odor-controlling compositions and articles
FR2755612A1 (en) * 1996-11-13 1998-05-15 Atochem Elf Sa superabsorbent composition for hygiene articles do not developping unpleasant odors
DE19929106A1 (en) * 1999-06-24 2000-12-28 John Patrick Formosa Diaper with absorbent body containing adsorbent enclosed in film, useful for babies and toddlers, contains adsorbent chemically formulated to high ammonia adsorption capacity
DE10114382A1 (en) * 2001-03-23 2002-09-26 Beiersdorf Ag Moisture-absorbing material used for plasters, medical fixings, wound coverings and bandages comprises adhesive matrix of silicon, gel former and optionally silicone resin
WO2004060414A1 (en) * 2002-12-23 2004-07-22 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Absorbent articles containing an activated carbon substrate
EP1659957A1 (en) * 2003-08-18 2006-05-31 Aproa Asesores S.C. Absorbent composition of matter for odoriferouse substances and releaser of diverse active ingredients and articles incorporating same
US7101946B2 (en) 2002-02-14 2006-09-05 Stockhausen Gmbh Water-absorbing polymers having interstitial compounds, a process for their production, and their use

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2424988B2 (en) * 1974-08-20 1976-07-22 sanitary napkin
DE3030920A1 (en) * 1980-08-16 1982-04-22 Henkel Kgaa Indoor plumbing hygiene medium serving the receptive urinary and blood-containing secretions, with odor-preventing properties
GB2093352A (en) * 1981-02-25 1982-09-02 Kao Corp Sanitary towel

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2424988B2 (en) * 1974-08-20 1976-07-22 sanitary napkin
DE3030920A1 (en) * 1980-08-16 1982-04-22 Henkel Kgaa Indoor plumbing hygiene medium serving the receptive urinary and blood-containing secretions, with odor-preventing properties
GB2093352A (en) * 1981-02-25 1982-09-02 Kao Corp Sanitary towel

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0389015A3 (en) * 1989-03-20 1991-08-28 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Absorbent structures with odor control material
EP0389015A2 (en) * 1989-03-20 1990-09-26 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Absorbent structures with odor control material
US5306487A (en) * 1990-02-12 1994-04-26 Nancy Karapasha High capacity odor controlling compositions
US5407442A (en) * 1990-02-12 1995-04-18 Karapasha; Nancy Carbon-containing odor controlling compositions
USH1579H (en) * 1990-02-12 1996-08-06 Furio; Diane L. Odor-controlling compositions and articles
US6277772B1 (en) 1996-11-13 2001-08-21 Ceca S.A. Superabsorbent composition for hygiene articles free from unpleasant smells
FR2755612A1 (en) * 1996-11-13 1998-05-15 Atochem Elf Sa superabsorbent composition for hygiene articles do not developping unpleasant odors
WO1998020915A1 (en) * 1996-11-13 1998-05-22 Ceca S.A. Superabsorbent composition for hygiene articles free from unpleasant smells
DE19929106A1 (en) * 1999-06-24 2000-12-28 John Patrick Formosa Diaper with absorbent body containing adsorbent enclosed in film, useful for babies and toddlers, contains adsorbent chemically formulated to high ammonia adsorption capacity
DE10114382A1 (en) * 2001-03-23 2002-09-26 Beiersdorf Ag Moisture-absorbing material used for plasters, medical fixings, wound coverings and bandages comprises adhesive matrix of silicon, gel former and optionally silicone resin
US7101946B2 (en) 2002-02-14 2006-09-05 Stockhausen Gmbh Water-absorbing polymers having interstitial compounds, a process for their production, and their use
WO2004060414A1 (en) * 2002-12-23 2004-07-22 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Absorbent articles containing an activated carbon substrate
EP1659957A1 (en) * 2003-08-18 2006-05-31 Aproa Asesores S.C. Absorbent composition of matter for odoriferouse substances and releaser of diverse active ingredients and articles incorporating same
EP1659957A4 (en) * 2003-08-18 2010-04-28 Aproa Asesores S C Absorbent composition of matter for odoriferouse substances and releaser of diverse active ingredients and articles incorporating same

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
DE3816352C2 (en) 1997-08-07 grant

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