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verfahren zum verbinden von silber mit glas und nach diesem verfahren hergestellte spiegel

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Publication number
DE3527260A1
DE3527260A1 DE19853527260 DE3527260A DE3527260A1 DE 3527260 A1 DE3527260 A1 DE 3527260A1 DE 19853527260 DE19853527260 DE 19853527260 DE 3527260 A DE3527260 A DE 3527260A DE 3527260 A1 DE3527260 A1 DE 3527260A1
Authority
DE
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
DE19853527260
Other languages
English (en)
Inventor
John Roland Pitts
Terence Michael Thomas
Alvin Warren Czanderna
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
US Department of Energy
Original Assignee
US Department of Energy
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
    • G02B5/00Optical elements other than lenses
    • G02B5/08Mirrors
    • G02B5/0808Mirrors having a single reflecting layer
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES, OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C17/00Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating
    • C03C17/06Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating with metals
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES, OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C17/00Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating
    • C03C17/06Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating with metals
    • C03C17/09Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating with metals by deposition from the vapour phase
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES, OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C17/00Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating
    • C03C17/34Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating with at least two coatings having different compositions
    • C03C17/36Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating with at least two coatings having different compositions at least one coating being a metal
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES, OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C17/00Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating
    • C03C17/34Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating with at least two coatings having different compositions
    • C03C17/36Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating with at least two coatings having different compositions at least one coating being a metal
    • C03C17/3602Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating with at least two coatings having different compositions at least one coating being a metal the metal being present as a layer
    • C03C17/3613Coatings of type glass/inorganic compound/metal/inorganic compound/metal/other
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES, OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C17/00Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating
    • C03C17/34Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating with at least two coatings having different compositions
    • C03C17/36Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating with at least two coatings having different compositions at least one coating being a metal
    • C03C17/3602Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating with at least two coatings having different compositions at least one coating being a metal the metal being present as a layer
    • C03C17/3618Coatings of type glass/inorganic compound/other inorganic layers, at least one layer being metallic
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES, OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C17/00Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating
    • C03C17/34Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating with at least two coatings having different compositions
    • C03C17/36Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating with at least two coatings having different compositions at least one coating being a metal
    • C03C17/3602Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating with at least two coatings having different compositions at least one coating being a metal the metal being present as a layer
    • C03C17/3644Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating with at least two coatings having different compositions at least one coating being a metal the metal being present as a layer the metal being silver
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES, OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C17/00Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating
    • C03C17/34Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating with at least two coatings having different compositions
    • C03C17/36Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating with at least two coatings having different compositions at least one coating being a metal
    • C03C17/3602Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating with at least two coatings having different compositions at least one coating being a metal the metal being present as a layer
    • C03C17/3652Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating with at least two coatings having different compositions at least one coating being a metal the metal being present as a layer the coating stack containing at least one sacrificial layer to protect the metal from oxidation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES, OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C17/00Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating
    • C03C17/34Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating with at least two coatings having different compositions
    • C03C17/36Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating with at least two coatings having different compositions at least one coating being a metal
    • C03C17/3602Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating with at least two coatings having different compositions at least one coating being a metal the metal being present as a layer
    • C03C17/3657Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating with at least two coatings having different compositions at least one coating being a metal the metal being present as a layer the multilayer coating having optical properties
    • C03C17/3663Surface treatment of glass, not in the form of fibres or filaments, by coating with at least two coatings having different compositions at least one coating being a metal the metal being present as a layer the multilayer coating having optical properties specially adapted for use as mirrors
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES, OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C23/00Other surface treatment of glass not in the form of fibres or filaments
    • C03C23/0005Other surface treatment of glass not in the form of fibres or filaments by irradiation
    • C03C23/004Other surface treatment of glass not in the form of fibres or filaments by irradiation by electrons, protons or alpha-particles
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES, OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C23/00Other surface treatment of glass not in the form of fibres or filaments
    • C03C23/0005Other surface treatment of glass not in the form of fibres or filaments by irradiation
    • C03C23/0045Other surface treatment of glass not in the form of fibres or filaments by irradiation by neutrons
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES, OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C23/00Other surface treatment of glass not in the form of fibres or filaments
    • C03C23/0005Other surface treatment of glass not in the form of fibres or filaments by irradiation
    • C03C23/005Other surface treatment of glass not in the form of fibres or filaments by irradiation by atoms
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES, OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C23/00Other surface treatment of glass not in the form of fibres or filaments
    • C03C23/0005Other surface treatment of glass not in the form of fibres or filaments by irradiation
    • C03C23/0055Other surface treatment of glass not in the form of fibres or filaments by irradiation by ion implantation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C23COATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; CHEMICAL SURFACE TREATMENT; DIFFUSION TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL; INHIBITING CORROSION OF METALLIC MATERIAL OR INCRUSTATION IN GENERAL
    • C23CCOATING METALLIC MATERIAL; COATING MATERIAL WITH METALLIC MATERIAL; SURFACE TREATMENT OF METALLIC MATERIAL BY DIFFUSION INTO THE SURFACE, BY CHEMICAL CONVERSION OR SUBSTITUTION; COATING BY VACUUM EVAPORATION, BY SPUTTERING, BY ION IMPLANTATION OR BY CHEMICAL VAPOUR DEPOSITION, IN GENERAL
    • C23C14/00Coating by vacuum evaporation, by sputtering or by ion implantation of the coating forming material
    • C23C14/02Pretreatment of the material to be coated
    • C23C14/021Cleaning or etching treatments
    • C23C14/022Cleaning or etching treatments by means of bombardment with energetic particles or radiation
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
    • G02B5/00Optical elements other than lenses
    • G02B5/08Mirrors
    • G02B5/0816Multilayer mirrors, i.e. having two or more reflecting layers
    • G02B5/085Multilayer mirrors, i.e. having two or more reflecting layers at least one of the reflecting layers comprising metal
    • G02B5/0858Multilayer mirrors, i.e. having two or more reflecting layers at least one of the reflecting layers comprising metal the reflecting layers comprising a single metallic layer with one or more dielectric layers
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
    • G02B5/00Optical elements other than lenses
    • G02B5/08Mirrors
    • G02B5/0816Multilayer mirrors, i.e. having two or more reflecting layers
    • G02B5/085Multilayer mirrors, i.e. having two or more reflecting layers at least one of the reflecting layers comprising metal
    • G02B5/0875Multilayer mirrors, i.e. having two or more reflecting layers at least one of the reflecting layers comprising metal the reflecting layers comprising two or more metallic layers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES, OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C2217/00Coatings on glass
    • C03C2217/20Materials for coating a single layer on glass
    • C03C2217/25Metals
    • C03C2217/251Al, Cu, Mg or noble metals
    • C03C2217/254Noble metals
    • C03C2217/256Ag
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES, OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C2218/00Methods for coating glass
    • C03C2218/10Deposition methods
    • C03C2218/15Deposition methods from the vapour phase
    • C03C2218/151Deposition methods from the vapour phase by vacuum evaporation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES, OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C2218/00Methods for coating glass
    • C03C2218/10Deposition methods
    • C03C2218/15Deposition methods from the vapour phase
    • C03C2218/154Deposition methods from the vapour phase by sputtering
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES, OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C2218/00Methods for coating glass
    • C03C2218/30Aspects of methods for coating glass not covered above
    • C03C2218/31Pre-treatment
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/31504Composite [nonstructural laminate]
    • Y10T428/31786Of polyester [e.g., alkyd, etc.]
DE19853527260 1984-07-31 1985-07-30 verfahren zum verbinden von silber mit glas und nach diesem verfahren hergestellte spiegel Withdrawn DE3527260A1 (de)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US06636511 US4547432A (en) 1984-07-31 1984-07-31 Method of bonding silver to glass and mirrors produced according to this method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
DE3527260A1 true true DE3527260A1 (de) 1986-02-13

Family

ID=24552220

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
DE19853527260 Withdrawn DE3527260A1 (de) 1984-07-31 1985-07-30 verfahren zum verbinden von silber mit glas und nach diesem verfahren hergestellte spiegel

Country Status (6)

Country Link
US (1) US4547432A (de)
JP (1) JPS61266334A (de)
CA (1) CA1243273A (de)
DE (1) DE3527260A1 (de)
FR (1) FR2574067A1 (de)
GB (1) GB2162546B (de)

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US4732801A (en) * 1986-04-30 1988-03-22 International Business Machines Corporation Graded oxide/nitride via structure and method of fabrication therefor
US4859532A (en) * 1986-11-27 1989-08-22 Asahi Glass Company Ltd. Transparent laminated product
FR2616143B1 (fr) * 1987-06-05 1992-10-30 Pauleau Yves Procede de depot de tungstene sur des verres de silice
DE3942472A1 (de) * 1989-12-22 1991-06-27 Asea Brown Boveri Beschichtungsverfahren
US5427638A (en) * 1992-06-04 1995-06-27 Alliedsignal Inc. Low temperature reaction bonding
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US5361172A (en) * 1993-01-21 1994-11-01 Midwest Research Institute Durable metallized polymer mirror
US5429708A (en) * 1993-12-22 1995-07-04 The Board Of Trustees Of The Leland Stanford Junior University Molecular layers covalently bonded to silicon surfaces
US6083628A (en) * 1994-11-04 2000-07-04 Sigma Laboratories Of Arizona, Inc. Hybrid polymer film
US6142642A (en) * 1995-06-29 2000-11-07 Cardinal Ig Company Bendable mirrors and method of manufacture
US6086210A (en) * 1995-06-29 2000-07-11 Cardinal Ig Company Bendable mirrors and method of manufacture
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US5912777A (en) * 1997-06-26 1999-06-15 The United States Of America As Represented By The Administrator Of The National Aeronautics And Space Administration High temperature solar reflector, its preparation and use
ES2172244T3 (es) 1997-10-31 2002-09-16 Cardinal Cg Co Espejos termocurvables.
US6392775B1 (en) * 1998-01-13 2002-05-21 Seagate Technology Llc Optical reflector for micro-machined mirrors
US6665120B2 (en) * 1998-09-16 2003-12-16 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha Reflective optical element
US6206531B1 (en) * 1999-05-25 2001-03-27 Ultramet Lightweight precision optical mirror substrate and method of making
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US6264336B1 (en) 1999-10-22 2001-07-24 3M Innovative Properties Company Display apparatus with corrosion-resistant light directing film
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US7513815B2 (en) * 1999-12-23 2009-04-07 General Electric Company Optimal silicon dioxide protection layer thickness for silver lamp reflector
US6590711B1 (en) 2000-04-03 2003-07-08 3M Innovative Properties Co. Light directing construction having corrosion resistant feature
US7077532B1 (en) * 2000-04-05 2006-07-18 Sandia Corporation Solar reflection panels
US6743516B2 (en) 2000-09-29 2004-06-01 Guardian Industries Corporation Highly durable hydrophobic coatings and methods
US6596399B2 (en) 2000-12-04 2003-07-22 Guardian Industries Corp. UV absorbing/reflecting silver oxide layer, and method of making same
US6962834B2 (en) 2002-03-22 2005-11-08 Stark David H Wafer-level hermetic micro-device packages
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JP2004361717A (ja) * 2003-06-05 2004-12-24 Hitachi Ltd 背面ミラー及びそれを用いた背面投写型映像表示装置
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DE602005012308D1 (de) * 2004-11-05 2009-02-26 Meadwestvaco Packaging Systems VERFAHREN UND VORRICHTUNG ZUM HERSTELLEN einer VERPACKUNG
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US9175877B1 (en) 2011-01-31 2015-11-03 The United States Of America, As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Two-dimensional Fresnel solar energy concentration system
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US8479724B1 (en) 2011-03-16 2013-07-09 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Passive cooling system for lightweight solar collector assembly and array
JP2014112117A (ja) * 2011-03-23 2014-06-19 Asahi Glass Co Ltd 反射鏡
US9328512B2 (en) 2011-05-05 2016-05-03 Eversealed Windows, Inc. Method and apparatus for an insulating glazing unit and compliant seal for an insulating glazing unit
US8657454B1 (en) 2011-12-28 2014-02-25 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy Vacuum formed reflector for solar energy
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE2351402A1 (de) * 1973-05-17 1974-12-05 Globe Amerada Glass Co Verfahren und vorrichtung zur herstellung von metallueberzogenem glas

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
GB2162546B (en) 1987-07-29 grant
CA1243273A (en) 1988-10-18 grant
GB2162546A (en) 1986-02-05 application
CA1243273A1 (de) grant
GB8518415D0 (en) 1985-08-29 grant
JPS61266334A (en) 1986-11-26 application
US4547432A (en) 1985-10-15 grant
FR2574067A1 (fr) 1986-06-06 application

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