DE202014004897U1 - Filter with variable outflow direction - Google Patents

Filter with variable outflow direction

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Publication number
DE202014004897U1
DE202014004897U1 DE202014004897.5U DE202014004897U DE202014004897U1 DE 202014004897 U1 DE202014004897 U1 DE 202014004897U1 DE 202014004897 U DE202014004897 U DE 202014004897U DE 202014004897 U1 DE202014004897 U1 DE 202014004897U1
Authority
DE
Germany
Prior art keywords
filter element
surface
filter
main
outflow
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
DE202014004897.5U
Other languages
German (de)
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Mann+Hummel GmbH
Original Assignee
Mann+Hummel GmbH
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Mann+Hummel GmbH filed Critical Mann+Hummel GmbH
Priority to DE202014004897.5U priority Critical patent/DE202014004897U1/en
Priority claimed from DE112015002880.3T external-priority patent/DE112015002880A5/en
Publication of DE202014004897U1 publication Critical patent/DE202014004897U1/en
Application status is Active legal-status Critical
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M35/00Combustion-air cleaners, air intakes, intake silencers, or induction systems specially adapted for, or arranged on, internal-combustion engines
    • F02M35/02Air cleaners
    • F02M35/0212Multiple cleaners
    • F02M35/0216Multiple cleaners arranged in series, e.g. pre- and main filter in series
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters, i.e. particle separators or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/0002Casings; Housings; Frame constructions
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters, i.e. particle separators or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/0019Filters, i.e. particle separators or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours with multiple filtering elements, characterised by their mutual disposition
    • B01D46/0023Filters, i.e. particle separators or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours with multiple filtering elements, characterised by their mutual disposition connected in series
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters, i.e. particle separators or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/0039Filters, i.e. particle separators or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours with flow guiding by feed or discharge devices
    • B01D46/0047Filters, i.e. particle separators or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours with flow guiding by feed or discharge devices for discharging the filtered gas
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters, i.e. particle separators or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/52Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using filters embodying folded corrugated or wound sheet material
    • B01D46/521Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using filters embodying folded corrugated or wound sheet material using folded, pleated material
    • B01D46/522Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using filters embodying folded corrugated or wound sheet material using folded, pleated material with specific folds, e.g. having different lengths
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D50/00Combinations of devices for separating particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D50/002Combinations of devices relating to groups B01D45/00 and B01D46/00
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M35/00Combustion-air cleaners, air intakes, intake silencers, or induction systems specially adapted for, or arranged on, internal-combustion engines
    • F02M35/02Air cleaners
    • F02M35/0201Housings; Casings; Frame constructions; Lids; Manufacturing or assembling thereof
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M35/00Combustion-air cleaners, air intakes, intake silencers, or induction systems specially adapted for, or arranged on, internal-combustion engines
    • F02M35/02Air cleaners
    • F02M35/0201Housings; Casings; Frame constructions; Lids; Manufacturing or assembling thereof
    • F02M35/0202Manufacturing or assembling; Materials for air cleaner housings
    • F02M35/0203Manufacturing or assembling; Materials for air cleaner housings by using clamps, catches, locks or the like, e.g. for disposable plug-in filter cartridges
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M35/00Combustion-air cleaners, air intakes, intake silencers, or induction systems specially adapted for, or arranged on, internal-combustion engines
    • F02M35/02Air cleaners
    • F02M35/024Air cleaners using filters, e.g. moistened
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M35/00Combustion-air cleaners, air intakes, intake silencers, or induction systems specially adapted for, or arranged on, internal-combustion engines
    • F02M35/02Air cleaners
    • F02M35/024Air cleaners using filters, e.g. moistened
    • F02M35/02416Fixing, mounting, supporting or arranging filter elements; Filter element cartridges
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M35/00Combustion-air cleaners, air intakes, intake silencers, or induction systems specially adapted for, or arranged on, internal-combustion engines
    • F02M35/02Air cleaners
    • F02M35/024Air cleaners using filters, e.g. moistened
    • F02M35/02441Materials or structure of filter elements, e.g. foams
    • F02M35/0245Pleated, folded, corrugated filter elements, e.g. made of paper
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M35/00Combustion-air cleaners, air intakes, intake silencers, or induction systems specially adapted for, or arranged on, internal-combustion engines
    • F02M35/02Air cleaners
    • F02M35/024Air cleaners using filters, e.g. moistened
    • F02M35/02475Air cleaners using filters, e.g. moistened characterised by the shape of the filter element
    • F02M35/02491Flat filter elements, e.g. rectangular
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M35/00Combustion-air cleaners, air intakes, intake silencers, or induction systems specially adapted for, or arranged on, internal-combustion engines
    • F02M35/10Air intakes; Induction systems
    • F02M35/10006Air intakes; Induction systems characterised by the position of elements of the air intake system in direction of the air intake flow, i.e. between ambient air inlet and supply to the combustion chamber
    • F02M35/10013Means upstream of the air filter; Connection to the ambient air

Abstract

Filter (10), in particular for internal combustion engines, for filtering a fluid, in particular air, with a filter housing (11) having a raw side region (12) and a clean side region (13), one in the filter housing (11) insertable main filter element (20) having a main filter element inflow surface (21), a main filter element flow direction (X1), a main filter element outflow surface (22) and on a sealing surface (26) arranged seal (24) for fluid-tight separation of the raw side region (12) and the clean side region (13) of the filter housing (11), and a secondary filter element (30) arranged downstream of the main filter element (20) with a secondary element inflow surface (31), a secondary filter element flow direction (Y1) and a secondary filter element outflow surface (32), wherein the sealing surface (26) is arranged obliquely to the main flow direction (Y1) of the main filter element (20).

Description

  • Technical area
  • The present invention relates to a filter, in particular for internal combustion engines, for filtering a fluid, in particular air.
  • State of the art
  • Particularly in construction and agricultural machinery, engine air filtration is becoming increasingly important. On the one hand, more and more efficient air filters are being used, as higher engine outputs and stricter emission standards require increased air flow through the engine. On the other hand, the number of assemblies installed as standard, such as air conditioning systems, is increasing. This reduces the available space in the vehicle. Finally, there is a desire to make vehicles smaller and lighter, which is also at the expense of the available space.
  • For use in vehicles that offer little space for filtration purposes, so-called compact air filter with mutually closed channels are generally used, which can be traversed in a straight line, such as in the US2004221555A1 shown. This means that the inflow direction and the outflow direction are parallel and substantially aligned with one another. This is usually achieved in that alternately wavy and smooth layers of filter medium lie on one another and the flow channels thus formed are alternately closed at one end and at the other, so that the medium to be cleaned within the filter body by a layer of filter medium from a channel into a must flow adjacent channel. Often, the air flowing out of the air filter must be deflected depending on the application after flowing through the filter. For this purpose, for example, a pipe bend can be connected downstream of the filter housing. However, such downstream components in turn increase the space requirement of the entire arrangement.
  • It is an object of the invention to provide a filter, in particular for internal combustion engines, for filtering a fluid, in particular air, which requires less space with comparable filter performance.
  • Disclosure of the invention
  • This object is achieved by a filter according to claim 1. Further embodiments of the invention are specified in the subclaims.
  • The filter according to the invention, in particular for internal combustion engines, for filtering a fluid, in particular of air, has a filter housing with a raw-side region and a clean-side region. In the filter housing, a main filter element is used, which has a main filter element inflow, a main filter element flow direction, a main filter element Abströmfläche and arranged on a sealing surface seal. For example, the main filter element may have a prismatic basic shape. In particular, a flow through the lateral surfaces can take place. The seal serves for fluid-tight separation of the raw-side region of the filter housing from the clean-side region of the filter housing. Furthermore, the filter has a secondary filter element arranged downstream of the main filter element and having a secondary filter element inflow surface, a secondary filter element flow direction and a secondary filter element outflow surface. The sealing surface is arranged obliquely to the main flow direction of the main filter element. The oblique sealing surface opens within the filter housing downstream of the main filter element a space in which on the one hand, the secondary filter element can be arranged. At the same time, a deflection of the main flow direction is already carried out in the filter housing by the sealing surface inclined to the main flow direction. Thus, with a suitable attachment of an outflow opening on the filter housing, a deflection of the fluid flow in the desired direction. It can be dispensed with otherwise necessary pipe elbow or the like after the housing.
  • The sealing surface and the main flow direction may in particular include an angle which is between 85 ° and 10 °. Within this angular range, there is a noticeable deflection of the fluid flow.
  • An embodiment of the invention provides that the sealing surface is curved and lies in particular on a cylinder jacket surface. By seen from the main filter element concave configuration of the sealing surface of the main filter element available space can be optimized and offers a suitable choice of the radius of curvature sufficient space for a secondary element. At the same time, the flow direction of the filter housing is particularly easy to define depending on the position of the outflow opening due to the curvature of the sealing surface. Preferably, the axis of the cylinder of the cylinder jacket surface is perpendicular to the main filter element flow direction and perpendicular to the secondary filter element flow direction.
  • Alternatively, the sealing surface may lie in a plane.
  • A preferred embodiment of the invention provides that the sealing surface and the main filter element outflow surface are parallel. This results in a clearly defined separation plane between the raw side and the clean side of the filter housing. At the same time results in a curved design of the sealing surface a space-optimized design of the filter interior and thus the entire filter.
  • It is preferably provided that the secondary element inflow surface extends parallel to and spaced from the sealing surface. This ensures that when a change of the secondary filter element, the clean side of the filter housing is not contaminated. In a curved design of the sealing surface results in a likewise curved secondary element inflow surface.
  • In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the basic shape of the secondary filter element is a cuboid. This allows a simple construction of the secondary element, for example, from a flat element just folded.
  • Alternatively, the basic shape of the secondary element may be a prism having one or more curved lateral surfaces, such as a hollow cylinder jacket section. This can be realized for example by a curved flat bellows. This shape offers the possibility of adapting the secondary filter element to a curved main filter element outflow surface and thus to further optimize the installation space.
  • In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the basic shape of the main filter element is a prism. In particular, the base surface and the top surface of the prism may be a quadrangle or a pentagon. The quadrilateral or pentagon may have two or three right angles, one acute and one obtuse. A preferred embodiment of the invention provides that, viewed from the outside, a jacket side of the prism is convexly curved, so that a main filter element outflow surface formed, for example, as a cylinder jacket surface results.
  • An advantageous embodiment of the invention provides that the main filter element is a bellows with at least two different fold depths. By means of two different fold depths, the main filter element outflow surface inclined to the main flow direction of the main filter element can be realized at the fold end faces. Alternatively, by means of a continuously increasing pleat height, the main filter element outflow surface inclined to the outflow direction of the main filter element can be realized at the fold edges.
  • An advantageous embodiment of the invention provides that the filter housing has a direction of flow, an outflow direction and a discharge area with a discharge opening. At the outflow area, a discharge nozzle can be fastened, wherein the outflow region has an attachment surface for the discharge nozzle and the attachment surface with the main filter element flow direction encloses an angle of 45 °. The attachment surface which is inclined at 45 ° to the main flow direction is particularly preferably arranged on the filter housing such that, viewed in the main filter element flow direction, it lies within the filter housing, that is to say it does not project beyond it. At the same time, this attachment surface is perpendicular to the main flow direction of the main filter element, that is, for example, seen in an insertion direction of the main filter element below the main filter element. An attached to this mounting surface outflow can now distribute the outflowing filtered fluid comparatively easy in any direction.
  • A particularly preferred embodiment of the invention provides that the outflow is formed so that there is a deflection of the flow direction by 45 °. In this way, only the orientation of the Abströmstutzens at the outflow area, in particular on the mounting surface, in terms of definitively resulting outflow direction is relevant. This allows in a particularly advantageous manner, the determination of the outflow direction of the filtered fluid with a single component, namely the outflow. By suitable orientation of the Abströmstutzens on the mounting surface results in the final discharge direction of the filter housing.
  • A preferred further development of the invention provides that the discharge nozzle has a rotationally symmetrical fastening region for attachment to the attachment surface of the filter housing. Thus, the final determination of the outflow direction of the entire filter housing can be determined by rotation of the outflow. Thus, an angle range between 0 ° and 90 ° with one and the same components results between the inflow direction of the filter housing and the outflow direction of the filter housing.
  • In the same way it can be determined that the outflow direction and the attachment surface enclose an angle of 45 °.
  • An alternative development of the inventive idea provides that the attachment surface is located on a cylinder jacket surface. The axis of the cylinder is preferably perpendicular to the main flow direction of the main filter element. Such a curved mounting surface is preferably combined with a correspondingly curved mounting portion of a Abströmstutzens. The position of the outflow nozzle at the outflow region then defines the outflow direction of the filter housing.
  • Preferably, the attachment surface and the secondary element outflow surface are parallel. This enables extremely high integration and thus space optimization.
  • According to the invention may be provided in one embodiment that the main filter element along an insertion axis in the filter housing is inserted and removed, wherein the insertion axis with the main flow direction forms an angle between 90 ° and the angle, which include the sealing surface and the main flow direction. According to this embodiment, the filter housing has a cover, which is designed such that it exerts a force in the direction of the sealing surface in the state in which the filter housing is closed onto the main filter element. Due to the oblique position of the sealing surface, this force is at least partially converted into an axial force, that is, into a force acting in the direction of the main flow direction. This results in a force that presses the main filter element with its attached to the sealing surface seal against a Hauptfilterelementsitz on the filter housing.
  • The invention will now be explained in more detail with reference to the drawings.
  • Brief description of the drawings
  • Show it:
  • 1 a perspective front view,
  • 2 a perspective rear view,
  • 3 an exploded view and
  • 4 a sectional view of a filter according to the invention;
  • 5 a front view and
  • 6 a rear view of a main filter element according to the invention;
  • 7 a first type of folding as a sketch,
  • 8th an alternative type of folding as a sketch,
  • 9 a front view and
  • 10 a rear view of a secondary filter element according to the invention;
  • 11 the filter of the invention 1 in a second configuration; and
  • 12 the filter of the invention 1 in a third configuration;
  • 13 a front view of an alternative embodiment of a filter according to the invention;
  • 14 a rear view,
  • 15 an exploded view and
  • 16 a sectional view of the filter of 13 ;
  • 17 a sectional view of an alternative Hauptfilterelement- and secondary filter element design of the filter 13 ;
  • 18 a side view of a second configuration of the filter according to the invention the 13 ;
  • 19 a side view of a third configuration of the filter according to the invention the 13 and
  • 20 a side view of a fourth configuration of the inventive filter 13 ,
  • Embodiment (s) of the invention
  • It will now be with reference to the 1 to 4 A first embodiment of a filter according to the invention 10 described. The filter can be used in particular in the air intake tract of construction or agricultural machinery, compressors or other devices with internal combustion engines for filtering a fluid, in particular air. The filter 10 has a filter housing 11 on, roughly in a raw-sided area 12 and a clean side area 13 can be broken down. In the clean side area 12 is a main filter element 20 in the filter housing 11 used. The main filter element 20 has a main filter element inflow surface 21 and a main filter element outflow surface 22 and flows along a main filter element flow direction X1. The main filter element flow direction X1 falls in the embodiment described here substantially with the direction of flow X0 of the filter housing 11 together. However, other constellations are conceivable in which the main filter element flow direction X1 and the flow direction X0 of the filter housing 11 include an angle. The main filter element 20 upstream is a coarse or pre-separator module, which in the present case as a cyclone block 40 is trained. In the cyclone block 40 is a plurality of individual pre-separator cells 41 connected in parallel in a so-called multi-cyclone block. By doing cyclone block 40 Pre-separated dust and / or water is through a dust outlet 42 removed from the case.
  • Downstream of the main filter element 20 is a secondary filter element 30 arranged. The secondary element inflow area 31 of the secondary filter element 30 is the main filter element outflow area 22 facing, the outflow surface 32 of the secondary filter element 30 is in the direction of a discharge opening 17 of the filter housing 11 oriented. The secondary filter element 30 is in the of the main filter element 20 seen from the purely-sided area 13 of the filter housing 11 arranged and provides protection against the ingress of contaminants in the downstream of the filter intake, especially when changing the main filter element 20 ,
  • The main filter element 20 , in 5 shown as a separate component, has at its outflow surface 22 a sealing surface 26 on, at the one seal 24 for fluid-tight separation of the raw-side area 12 and the clean side area 13 of the filter housing 11 is provided. The sealing surface 26 is oblique to the main flow direction X1 of the main filter element 20 arranged. The selected angle α in this embodiment is 60 °. The angle value is just one embodiment. According to the invention, the angle α can be varied between 10 and 80 °. Particularly preferred is the angular range between 70 and 30 °.
  • The seal 24 the sealing surface 26 lies on a corresponding housing structure 28 and is covered by a lid 14 of the housing 11 against the through the housing structure 28 pressed seal seat pressed. The lid 14 , which closes the housing, can be perpendicular to the main flow direction X1 of the main filter element 20 remove from the housing and has a sword-shaped, in pairs on the lid 14 arranged pressing structure 50 . 51 on. This is in shape of the slope of the sealing surface 26 adapted and exercises in the closed state on the main filter element 20 a force that is aligned substantially perpendicular to the main flow direction X1. Due to the slope of the sealing surface 26 the force running perpendicular to the main flow direction X1 is deflected into a force extending at least partially in the main flow direction X1 and thus leads to a reliable compression of the main filter element 20 with the housing 11 , In particular, an axial, that is, in the main flow direction X1 extending contact force is thus generated, which achieves a particularly high sealing effect. At the same time a particularly good investment of the seal 26 achieved on the corresponding housing structure, as when pressed through the housing cover the seal slides a little and so unevenness are well formed in the sealant.
  • The main filter element 20 may include a bellows as a basic structure. To achieve the desired sealing surface slope, the pleat height or depth can be reduced stepwise along a direction perpendicular to the main flow axis X1. In such a construction, the fold edges are flown. The end faces of the folds must be at least partially glued in such a structure, either over the entire surface or every other front side, so that raw and clean side remain separate. In the sectional view of 4 extend in the described embodiment, the fold edges perpendicular to the plane of the drawing, the front side of the folds lies in the plane of the drawing. This means that the main flow direction X1 runs parallel to the planes formed by the end faces of the fold edges and perpendicular to each fold edge.
  • Alternatively, in the case of a bellows according to the invention, the orientation of the individual folds may also be such that the end face of the folds is substantially perpendicular to the plane of the drawing 4 runs, that is, the lid 14 runs parallel to the end face of the folds of the main filter element 20 , The main filter element inflow area 21 is then formed by perpendicular to the main flow direction X1 extending fold edges. The folded edges run in the 1 vertically from top to bottom. The main filter element outflow surface 22 is also formed by fold edges which run along the slope according to the angle α. In such a folding, the fold height varies in the course of the folding edge.
  • The 5 and 6 make the main filter element 20 as taken out element. The 7 and 8th illustrate the just mentioned alternative folding types as a sketch. The sketches each have an end face of the folds with the reference numeral 23 and a folding edge with the reference numeral 25 designated.
  • The secondary element 30 that in the 9 and 10 is shown as a removed element can be designed in the present embodiment as a flat folded flat element.
  • It will now be with reference to the 4 . 11 and 12 the filter 10 explained in detail with regard to the outflow situation. The filter housing 11 points in the clean area 13 a discharge area 15 on. The outflow area 15 is with a mounting surface 16 Mistake. The mounting surface 16 closes both with the direction of flow X0 of the filter housing and with the main flow direction X1 of the main filter element 20 an angle of 45 °. At the mounting surface 16 is a discharge nozzle 18 fixable. The geometry of the outlet nozzle 18 is chosen so that a Attachment to the mounting surface 16 intended mounting area 19 relative to the through the outflow 18 fixed outflow direction is also inclined by 45 °. In addition, the attachment area 19 of the outlet nozzle 18 formed rotationally symmetrical, that is, it forms a circular disc, in which an opening for the discharge opening 17 of the housing 11 is provided. Due to the rotational symmetry of the outflow can 18 before the final attachment of the attachment area 19 at the attachment surface 16 the outflow area 15 be rotated and so the outflow Y0 of the filter housing 11 be determined. Depending on the orientation of the outlet nozzle 18 For example, the angle between the direction of flow X0 and the outflow direction Y0 can be varied between 0 ° (in-line flow) and 90 ° (right-angle flow). In 1 and 4 is shown a deflection of the flow direction X0 by 90 ° to the outflow direction Y0. In 11 an in-line flow is shown, that is, flow direction X0 and outflow direction Y0 are parallel to each other. 12 shows an intermediate angle of about 45 ° between the direction of flow X0 and outflow direction Y0.
  • In the 13 - 20 becomes an alternative embodiment of the filter 10 in terms of mounting surface 16 the outflow area 15 shown. In 17 In addition, the geometry of the main filter element and the secondary filter element is modified in this alternative embodiment.
  • In the 13 - 16 is the filter element 10 Modified to the effect that a mounting surface 116 is provided, which lies on a cylindrical surface. The axis of such a cylinder jacket is perpendicular to the plane of the drawing, that is also perpendicular to the main flow direction X1 of the main filter element 20 , Corresponding to the externally convex mounting surface 116 is a discharge nozzle 118 provided, which has a corresponding concave shaped mounting area 119 having. Depending on the mounting location of the outlet nozzle 118 at the convex mounting surface 116 can the outflow direction Y0 of the filter housing 11 be varied. While in the 13 - 17 a discharge direction Y0 running essentially parallel to the flow direction X0 has been described in US Pat 18 the outflow direction Y0 in the direction of the lid 14 directed. In 19 is the outlet pipe 118 attached downward, so that the angle between the direction of flow X0 and the outflow Y0 <90 °. In 20 is a deflection of the fluid flow realized in the 90 ° angle between the direction of flow and outflow direction.
  • 17 shows an embodiment in which the filter housing 11 essentially comparable to the embodiment of FIG 13 - 16 and 18 - 20 is executed, but the filter element geometry is changed. To avoid repetition, the description of features that are provided with the same reference numerals in the figures is omitted.
  • The filter 110 of the 17 has a main filter element 120 on, which is a substantially plane inflow surface 121 and a convexly shaped outflow surface viewed from outside the filter element 122 having. The outflow area 122 is in the present embodiment, essentially a cylinder surface, but may also be provided depending on the application with other, in particular with non-uniform curvatures. According to the curvature of the discharge surface 122 is a secondary element 130 provided, which also has a curved inflow surface 131 and a curved outflow surface 132 having. The secondary filter element 130 can have two differently curved inflow and outflow surfaces. In the present embodiment, the outflow surface is 132 to the curvature of the attachment area 116 customized. This embodiment represents a particularly space-optimized embodiment.
  • The attachment of the outlet spout 18 . 118 can be done by welding, for example. The discharge opening 17 in the outflow area 15 can, depending on the application, before attaching the Abströmstutzens 16 . 116 be introduced flexibly, for example by punching.
  • The secondary filter element 130 can be realized for example as a curved flat bellows. In the production, a conventional flat element could be used, which is introduced and molded during assembly in a correspondingly curved plastic frame.
  • In each of the variants shown, the secondary filter element may have an integrated handle for disassembling the secondary filter element.
  • QUOTES INCLUDE IN THE DESCRIPTION
  • This list of the documents listed by the applicant has been generated automatically and is included solely for the better information of the reader. The list is not part of the German patent or utility model application. The DPMA assumes no liability for any errors or omissions.
  • Cited patent literature
    • US 2004221555 A1 [0003]

Claims (15)

  1. Filter ( 10 ), in particular for internal combustion engines, for filtering a fluid, in particular air, with a filter housing ( 11 ), which has a raw-side area ( 12 ) and a clean-side area ( 13 ), one in the filter housing ( 11 ) usable main filter element ( 20 ) with a main filter element inflow surface ( 21 ), a main filter element flow direction (X1), a main filter element outflow surface (FIG. 22 ) and one on a sealing surface ( 26 ) arranged seal ( 24 ) for fluid-tight separation of the raw-side region ( 12 ) and the clean-side area ( 13 ) of the filter housing ( 11 ), as well as downstream of the main filter element ( 20 ) arranged secondary filter element ( 30 ) with a secondary element inflow surface ( 31 ), a secondary filter element flow direction (Y1) and a secondary filter element downstream surface (FIG. 32 ), wherein the sealing surface ( 26 ) obliquely to the main flow direction (Y1) of the main filter element ( 20 ) is arranged.
  2. Filter according to claim 1, wherein the sealing surface ( 26 ) and the main flow direction (Y1) include an angle which is between 80 ° and 10 °.
  3. Filter according to claim 1, wherein the sealing surface is curved and lies in particular on a cylinder jacket surface whose axis is perpendicular to the main filter element flow direction (X1) and the secondary filter element flow direction (Y1).
  4. Filter according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the sealing surface ( 26 ) and the main filter element outflow surface ( 22 ) run parallel, in particular lie in one plane, less than 2 cm, in particular 1 cm.
  5. Filter according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the secondary element inflow surface ( 31 ) parallel and spaced from the sealing surface ( 26 ) runs.
  6. Filter according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the basic form of the secondary filter element ( 30 ) is a cuboid or a hollow cylindrical shell section.
  7. Filter according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the basic shape of the main filter element ( 20 ) is a prism with a quadrilateral as a base and as a top surface, in particular one side of the quadrilateral is curved.
  8. Filter according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the main filter element ( 20 ) is a bellows with at least two different fold depths.
  9. Filter according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the filter housing ( 11 ) a flow direction (X0), an outflow direction (Y0) and an outflow region ( 15 ) with a discharge opening ( 17 ) and to the outflow area ( 15 ) a discharge nozzle ( 18 ) is attachable, wherein the outflow area ( 15 ) a mounting surface ( 16 ) for the discharge connection ( 18 ) and the mounting surface ( 16 ) with the main filter element flow direction (X1) forms an angle (α) of 45 °.
  10. Filter according to claim 9, wherein the outflow nozzle ( 18 ) is shaped so that there is a deflection of the flow direction by 45 °.
  11. Filter according to one of claims 9 or 10, wherein the outflow nozzle ( 18 ) a rotationally symmetrical fastening area ( 19 ) for attachment to the filter housing ( 11 ) having.
  12. Filter according to one of claims 9-11, wherein the outflow direction (Y0) and the attachment surface (Y0) 16 ) enclose an angle (β) of 45 °.
  13. Filter according to one of claims 1-8, wherein the filter housing ( 11 ) a flow direction (X0), an outflow direction (Y0) and an outflow region ( 15 ) with a discharge opening ( 17 ) and to the outflow area ( 15 ) a discharge nozzle ( 18 ) is attachable, wherein the outflow area ( 15 ) a mounting surface ( 16 ) for the discharge connection ( 18 ) and the attachment surface is located on a cylinder jacket surface.
  14. The filter of claim 13, wherein the attachment surface and the secondary element outflow surface are parallel.
  15. Filter according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the main filter element along an insertion axis into the filter housing ( 11 ) can be inserted and removed, which encloses with the main flow direction (Y1) an angle between 90 ° and the angle which the sealing surface ( 26 ) and the main flow direction (Y1), the filter housing has a lid, which is designed such that it in the filter housing closing state on the main filter element a force in the direction of the sealing surface ( 26 ) exercises.
DE202014004897.5U 2014-06-18 2014-06-18 Filter with variable outflow direction Active DE202014004897U1 (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE202014004897.5U DE202014004897U1 (en) 2014-06-18 2014-06-18 Filter with variable outflow direction

Applications Claiming Priority (20)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE202014004897.5U DE202014004897U1 (en) 2014-06-18 2014-06-18 Filter with variable outflow direction
DE112015002880.3T DE112015002880A5 (en) 2014-06-18 2015-06-17 Filter and filter cartridge
CN201580032511.4A CN106457109A (en) 2014-06-18 2015-06-17 Filter and filter cartridge
EP15729838.1A EP3157653A2 (en) 2014-06-18 2015-06-17 Filter and filter cartridge
PCT/EP2015/063542 WO2015193346A2 (en) 2014-06-18 2015-06-17 Filter and filter cartridge
DE102015007659.0A DE102015007659A1 (en) 2014-06-18 2015-06-17 Filter and filter cartridge
CN201580032480.2A CN106973567A (en) 2014-06-18 2015-06-17 Filter and filter cylinder
PCT/EP2015/063537 WO2015193341A2 (en) 2014-06-18 2015-06-17 Filter and filter cartridge
EP15729483.6A EP3157654A2 (en) 2014-06-18 2015-06-17 Filter and filter cartridge
DE112015002900.1T DE112015002900A5 (en) 2014-06-18 2015-06-17 Filter and filter cartridge
EP15729473.7A EP3157652A2 (en) 2014-06-18 2015-06-17 Filter and filter cartridge
DE112015002877.3T DE112015002877A5 (en) 2014-06-18 2015-06-17 Filter and filter cartridge
PCT/EP2015/063592 WO2015193372A2 (en) 2014-06-18 2015-06-17 Filter and filter cartridge
CN201580032483.6A CN106457108A (en) 2014-06-18 2015-06-17 Filter and filter cartridge
US15/382,702 US10337472B2 (en) 2014-06-18 2016-12-18 Filter and filter cartridge
US15/382,701 US20170096972A1 (en) 2014-06-18 2016-12-18 Filter and Filter Cartridge
US15/382,700 US10337471B2 (en) 2014-06-18 2016-12-18 Filter and filter cartridge
US16/427,177 US20190353122A1 (en) 2014-06-18 2019-05-30 Filter and Filter Cartridge
US16/429,903 US20190353123A1 (en) 2014-06-18 2019-06-03 Filter and Filter Cartridge
US16/439,847 US20190293034A1 (en) 2014-06-18 2019-06-13 Filter and Filter Cartridge

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102017000791A1 (en) 2017-01-30 2018-08-02 Mann + Hummel Gmbh Flat air filter element and air filter

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20040221555A1 (en) 2003-02-11 2004-11-11 Donaldson Company Air cleaner arrangements; serviceable filter elements; and, methods

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20040221555A1 (en) 2003-02-11 2004-11-11 Donaldson Company Air cleaner arrangements; serviceable filter elements; and, methods

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE102017000791A1 (en) 2017-01-30 2018-08-02 Mann + Hummel Gmbh Flat air filter element and air filter

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