DE202013102624U1 - manufacturing facility - Google Patents

manufacturing facility

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Publication number
DE202013102624U1
DE202013102624U1 DE202013102624.7U DE202013102624U DE202013102624U1 DE 202013102624 U1 DE202013102624 U1 DE 202013102624U1 DE 202013102624 U DE202013102624 U DE 202013102624U DE 202013102624 U1 DE202013102624 U1 DE 202013102624U1
Authority
DE
Germany
Prior art keywords
characterized
workpiece carrier
manufacturing device
device according
layer
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
DE202013102624.7U
Other languages
German (de)
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SITEC SOLAR GmbH
KUKA Systems GmbH
Original Assignee
SITEC SOLAR GmbH
KUKA Systems GmbH
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by SITEC SOLAR GmbH, KUKA Systems GmbH filed Critical SITEC SOLAR GmbH
Priority to DE202013102624.7U priority Critical patent/DE202013102624U1/en
Publication of DE202013102624U1 publication Critical patent/DE202013102624U1/en
Application status is Active legal-status Critical
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B37/00Methods or apparatus for laminating, e.g. by curing or by ultrasonic bonding
    • B32B37/0007Methods or apparatus for laminating, e.g. by curing or by ultrasonic bonding involving treatment or provisions in order to avoid deformation or air inclusion, e.g. to improve surface quality
    • B32B37/003Methods or apparatus for laminating, e.g. by curing or by ultrasonic bonding involving treatment or provisions in order to avoid deformation or air inclusion, e.g. to improve surface quality to avoid air inclusion
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B17/00Layered products essentially comprising sheet glass, or glass, slag, or like fibres
    • B32B17/06Layered products essentially comprising sheet glass, or glass, slag, or like fibres comprising glass as the main or only constituent of a layer, next to another layer of a specific material
    • B32B17/10Layered products essentially comprising sheet glass, or glass, slag, or like fibres comprising glass as the main or only constituent of a layer, next to another layer of a specific material of synthetic resin
    • B32B17/10807Making layered products containing glass and synthetic resin layers; apparatus therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B37/00Methods or apparatus for laminating, e.g. by curing or by ultrasonic bonding
    • B32B37/0046Methods or apparatus for laminating, e.g. by curing or by ultrasonic bonding characterised by constructional aspects of the apparatus
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B37/00Methods or apparatus for laminating, e.g. by curing or by ultrasonic bonding
    • B32B37/10Methods or apparatus for laminating, e.g. by curing or by ultrasonic bonding characterised by the pressing technique, e.g. using action of vacuum or fluid pressure
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L31/00Semiconductor devices sensitive to infra-red radiation, light, electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and adapted either for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation; Processes or apparatus peculiar to the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof
    • H01L31/18Processes or apparatus peculiar to the manufacture or treatment of these devices or of parts thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2457/00Electrical equipment
    • B32B2457/12Photovoltaic modules

Abstract

Manufacturing device for multilayered layer arrangements (1), in particular solar modules, with at least one light-reactive element (14), the manufacturing device (2) comprising a laminator (4) with a frame (8), a workpiece carrier (6), a vacuum device (12) and a curvature and relaxation device (9) for a plate-shaped layer (13), characterized in that the workpiece carrier (6) is mobile.

Description

  • The invention relates to a production device for a layer arrangement with a light-reactive element, in particular a multilayer solar module, with the features in the preamble of the main claim.
  • Such a production device for a layer arrangement having at least one light-reactive element is known from the WO 2011/151 430 A2 respectively. DE 20 2010 005 555 U1 known. They have a laminator with a frame which has a stationary support for the layer arrangement to be built thereon. Furthermore, the manufacturing device has a buckling and relaxation device for a plate-shaped layer and a vacuum device on the support.
  • In the EP 0 755 080 A2 a similar manufacturing device for solar modules is addressed with a suction table, wherein a flexible EVA film is deformed and laminated by the negative pressure.
  • The DE 10 2007 038 240 A1 shows a further manufacturing device for solar modules with a casting table and a separate linear robot and a plurality of separate heating devices. The linear robot has adjustable suction cups for feeding and bending a glass plate.
  • It is an object of the present invention to further improve the previously known production technology.
  • The invention solves this problem with the features in the main claim.
  • The claimed manufacturing technique, i. the manufacturing facility and the manufacturing process, have procedural advantages. The process time and the utilization of the manufacturing facility as well as the manufacturing quality can be improved. In addition, there are economic benefits.
  • The use of a mobile workpiece carrier makes it possible to spatially and temporally separate the layer formation process and the usually longer curing process of the layer arrangement. The in the manufacturing facility on the workpiece carrier in parts or completely constructed layer arrangement can be thermally treated and completed in a downstream curing device. To a manufacturing device more curing devices can be connected. The manufacturing device and the curing device (s) may be part of a manufacturing plant.
  • The claimed conveying device together with the movement device and the stationary carrier mount allow a transport of empty and loaded workpiece carriers into and out of the production device and an exact positioning of the workpiece carrier in the process position on the laminator. As a result, the process and production quality can be secured and even increased despite mobility.
  • The mobile workpiece carrier can serve one or more integrated vacuum channels for sucking parts of the layer arrangement, in particular the one or more light-reactive elements and optionally a liquid or pasty compound applied thereto. In this way, a bubble-free and air-free encapsulation of the light-active elements can be achieved. The vacuum channels can be switched in a network with one or more, possibly separate vacuum circuits, which allows an optimal adaptation to the respective workpiece requirements. The vacuum can also be maintained during transport of the workpiece carrier and the layer assembly by means of a self-retaining closure. This ensures the position of the layer arrangement during transport and in the subsequent further processing, in particular the curing of the bonding compound (s).
  • The workpiece carrier can be multifunctional and can also be used for sucking and fixing a plate-shaped layer by means of a marginal seal. This is advantageous if a base module initially formed of several layers can be turned and then fixed again on the workpiece carrier for the further layer structure on the other module side.
  • The workpiece carrier can also have one or more exchangeable inserts with receiving means for electrical cross-connectors of the layer arrangement, in particular of a solar module. As a result, the workpiece carrier can be adapted in a simple and cost-effective manner to different types of layer arrangements, in particular of solar modules. The cross connectors can also be held on the inserts by suction pressure. The peripheral seal and the interchangeable inserts have an independent inventive significance and can also in a stationary workpiece carrier or a table-like support according to the WO 2011/151 430 A2 be used.
  • The mobile workpiece carrier can also have a releasable clamping device with which the layer arrangement can be fixed on the workpiece carrier, if necessary, in particular during transport and further processing. The Clamping device is self-holding and can be opened or released for the layer formation process on the production device by means of a local release device.
  • The invention further provides, for the buckling and relaxation device, a pressure roller which is controlled in the normal direction, in particular in height, to the uppermost layer of the layer arrangement and, if necessary, controlled in a controllable manner. By means of this, the infeed and the contact pressure can be adjusted and optimized as required. The adjusting device is equipped for control purposes with a corresponding sensor, which advantageously scans the workpiece carrier, in particular its surface facing the layer arrangement, as a reference object. In this way, on the one hand, any position inaccuracies of the mobile workpiece carrier can be compensated and, on the other hand, predetermined setpoint values for the thickness of the layer arrangement can be maintained. The controlled or controllable delivery device for the pressure roller also has independent inventive significance and can also in a buckling and relaxation device according to the prior art, in particular according to the WO 2011/151 430 A2 , be used advantageously.
  • The manufacturing device may further comprise a mobile and relative to the workpiece carrier and the layer arrangement movable heating device. This can serve for local heating of the layer arrangement, which on the one hand improves the efficiency and uniformity of a first thermal fixation of the bonding compound (s) and on the other hand minimizes the heat losses. The latter is particularly advantageous if the workpiece carrier to optimize the shape and dimensional accuracy of metal and has a corresponding thermal conductivity. In a particularly favorable embodiment, the heating device is designed as a radiation heater which is suspended above the layer arrangement and preferably coupled in terms of motion with the pressure roller. This embodiment of the heater also has independent inventive importance and can be successful even with a stationary workpiece carrier, eg according to WO 2011/151 430 A2 be used.
  • In the subclaims further advantageous embodiments of the invention are given.
  • The invention is illustrated by way of example and schematically in the drawings. In detail show:
  • 1 and 2 : a production device in different phases of the layer formation process in a schematic side view,
  • 3 and 4 a conveyor for a mobile workpiece carrier with a lifting device in different operating positions,
  • 5 and 6 a detachable clamping device arranged on the workpiece carrier and entrained in different operating positions,
  • 7 and 8th : a workpiece carrier with exchangeable inserts for transverse bands in various embodiments,
  • 9 : an enlarged and broken representation of a detail X of 8th .
  • 10 and 11 : a workpiece carrier with an applied layer arrangement and a peripheral seal in plan view and folded side view,
  • 12 : a mobile workpiece carrier with integrated vacuum channels and a connection for a dockable vacuum supply,
  • 13 : an enlarged view of a detail XIII of 12 and
  • 14 and 15 : a layer arrangement in plan view and in longitudinal section.
  • The invention relates to a production device ( 2 ) and a production method for a multilayer layer arrangement ( 1 ). The invention further relates to a production plant ( 3 ), which is a manufacturing facility ( 2 ) and one or more further stations.
  • 14 and 15 show in a schematic example a multi-layer arrangement ( 1 ), which is designed here as a solar module. It has several light-active elements ( 14 ) in the form of solar cells spaced at a mutual distance ( 20 ) and in a uniform matrix ( 19 ) are arranged. The solar cells ( 14 ) can communicate with each other to form one string ( 18 ) with lines ( 21 ) be electrically connected. The matrix ( 19 ) consists of several adjacent strings ( 18 ). The pipes ( 21 ) can at the ends in any suitable manner by electrical cross connectors ( 22 ) and interconnected.
  • 15 shows an example of a layer structure in longitudinal section. The solar module ( 1 ) consists of five layers ( 13 . 14 . 15 . 16 . 17 ). A first outer layer ( 13 ) is formed by a plate-shaped and translucent support, for example a glass or plastic plate. On top of that is a layer ( 15 ) From a compound, such as a liquid or pasty silicone composition. In the Connection layer ( 15 ) are the solar cells ( 14 ) bubble-free embedded. On the solar cells ( 14 ) there is another connection layer ( 17 ), on the outside a cover layer ( 16 ) rests, which may be formed plate-like or foil-like and which consists for example of an opaque backing film made of plastic. The connecting layers or bonding compounds ( 15 . 17 ) may consist of the same material, in particular of a silicone material. They can be applied in liquid or pasty form, evenly distributed with expulsion of air bubbles and cured after formation of the layer structure shown under heat, whereby they develop an adhesive effect.
  • In a modification of the embodiment shown, the one or more light-reactive elements ( 14 ) consist of other light-absorbing elements or of light-emitting elements, such as LEDs. One or more tie layers ( 15 . 17 ) may be formed in other ways, for example as adhesive films or the like. Furthermore, the number, formation and order of the layers may vary.
  • 1 shows a schematic side view of a production facility ( 2 ) for a layer arrangement ( 1 ). The manufacturing facility ( 2 ) has a laminator ( 4 ) for forming a layer arrangement ( 1 ) on a mobile workpiece carrier ( 6 ) on. For the transport of one or more workpiece carriers ( 6 ) is a conveyor ( 7 ) available.
  • Furthermore, the production device ( 2 ) a feeder ( 5 ) for one or more layers, in particular for the plate-like carrier ( 13 ) and possibly also for the one or more light-reactive elements ( 14 ) exhibit. Alternatively, a manual feed is possible.
  • The laminator ( 4 ) has a stationary frame ( 8th ) with a carrier mount ( 39 ) for the workpiece carrier ( 6 ) on. Furthermore, the laminator ( 4 ) a vaulting and relaxation device ( 9 ) for the in 1 shown plate-shaped layer ( 13 ) on. In addition, an application device ( 10 ) for a bonding compound ( 15 . 17 ) and a heating device ( 11 ) and a vacuum device ( 12 ) to be available.
  • The manufacturing facility ( 2 ) can from a housing ( 53 ), which one or more locks for the passage of the workpiece carrier ( 6 ) having. The manufacturing facility ( 2 ) may be part of a manufacturing plant having one or more other stations, eg a curing station, a trim and assembly station or the like.
  • The in 7 to 13 illustrated workpiece carrier ( 6 ) is plate-like and consists of a suitable material, preferably metal, in particular a light metal. The workpiece carrier ( 6 ) has a plate-like body ( 23 ) with an overhead contact surface ( 29 ), on which the layer arrangement ( 1 ) is constructed in the manner described below.
  • The body ( 23 ) has one or more integrated vacuum channels ( 24 ), which with several at the bearing surface ( 29 ) opening suction openings ( 25 ) are connected. The suction openings ( 25 ) are used to capture the applied light-active elements ( 14 ) and can be distributed and arranged accordingly. The one or more vacuum channels may form a conduit network having one or more vacuum circuits, which may be separately controllable. The vacuum channels ( 24 ) or the vacuum circuits are connected to one or more terminals ( 26 ) on the body ( 23 ), eg connected to a cabinet side wall, to which an external vacuum supply ( 42 ) can detachably dock with suitable coupling elements. The vacuum supply ( 42 ) is eg on the laminator ( 4 ), in particular on its frame ( 8th ).
  • The mobile workpiece carrier ( 6 ) may also contain a self-retaining closure ( 27 ), which ensures the maintenance of the vacuum with uncoupled vacuum supply, in particular during carrier transport. The closure ( 27 ) may be formed, for example, as a spring-loaded check valve, which when connecting the vacuum supply ( 42 ) and is opened by applying negative pressure. The closure ( 27 ) can be connected to a port ( 26 ) can be arranged. The latter can also be a seal for the said coupling element of the vacuum supply ( 42 ) exhibit.
  • As 10 and 11 can clarify the workpiece carrier ( 6 ) at the receiving surface ( 29 ) a seal ( 28 ), eg an elastomeric sealing cord, which is arranged, for example, on the edge and peripherally. It surrounds the suction area with the suction openings ( 25 ) and can be found in the 11 shown a lying and the suction area cross-plate-like layer ( 13 ), in particular the said carrier, suck in and hold.
  • The contact surface ( 29 ) may optionally groove-like depressions for receiving the lines ( 21 ) of the photoactive elements ( 14 ) exhibit.
  • As 7 to 9 clarify, the workpiece carrier ( 6 ) one or more exchangeable inserts ( 30 ), which are arranged at a suitable location, preferably on opposite narrow sides. The modular inserts ( 30 ) one or more receiving means ( 31 ), eg one or a plurality of grooves, for receiving in each case a cross connector ( 22 ) of the layer arrangement ( 1 ) exhibit. The receiving means ( 31 ) can be adapted to a particular cross connector arrangement, which, depending on the type of layer arrangement ( 1 ) can vary. In case of a type change, the insert or inserts ( 30 ) exchanged. If other electrical cable connections or connections are used, a correspondingly differently designed and on the workpiece carrier ( 6 ) arranged insert ( 30 ) to be used.
  • As in particular the detail of 9 shows a changeable use ( 30 ) an integrated vacuum channel ( 24 ) with a at the receiving means ( 31 ) or at the groove bottom opening suction port ( 25 ) exhibit. At the suction opening ( 25 ) or at the groove ( 31 ) can also be a seal ( 28 ) can be arranged. The one or more vacuum channels ( 24 ) can be suitably connected to the other vacuum channels ( 24 ) in the body ( 23 ). Alternatively, you can have your own connection for docking to an external vacuum supply ( 42 ) exhibit. In the variant of 7 are recording means ( 31 ) without vacuum channels ( 24 ) and suction openings ( 25 ). The above-mentioned vacuum device ( 12 ) is supplied by the external vacuum supply and by the mobile workpiece carrier ( 6 ) arranged vacuum channels ( 24 ) and suction openings ( 25 ) and connections ( 26 ) educated.
  • 5 and 6 show a mobile workpiece carrier ( 6 ) equipped with a tensioning device ( 33 ) is equipped and this also carries during transport. The tensioning device ( 33 ) serves the layer arrangement ( 1 ) as needed on the workpiece carrier ( 6 ) to tension and fix. By means of a suitable and preferably on the laminator ( 4 ), in particular on its frame ( 8th ) arranged release device ( 43 ), the tensioning device ( 33 ) are opened and released.
  • The tensioning device ( 33 ) consists of eg a hold-down ( 34 ), which is bar-shaped and the layer arrangement ( 1 ) or the body ( 23 ) and in the clamping position from above on the layer arrangement ( 1 ), in particular on an overhead plate-shaped carrier layer ( 13 ) presses. The hold-down ( 34 ) is peripherally in a suitable manner, for example, height adjustable guided on upright pins and can by a clamping element ( 36 ), for example, a spring arranged on the respective pin, are acted upon. The tensioning device ( 33 ), an adjustment means ( 35 ), eg an adjusting screw, with which, if necessary, the height of the hold-down ( 34 ) relative to the workpiece carrier ( 6 ) and its bearing surface ( 29 ) can be adjusted and adjusted.
  • The release device ( 43 ) can be formed, for example, by lifting means, in particular lifting cylinders, which are connected to the holding device ( 34 ) and this to release the clamping engagement of the layer arrangement ( 1 ) take off.
  • The initially mentioned conveyor ( 7 ) is used to transport one or more workpiece carriers ( 6 ) in and out of the manufacturing facility ( 2 ), possibly with passage through the mentioned lock on the housing ( 53 ). The conveyor ( 7 ) is eg as a belt conveyor ( 37 ) educated. It can be a movement device ( 38 ), with which the workpiece carrier ( 6 ) between, for example, a raised transport position and a lowered process position on the laminator ( 4 ) can be moved. The movement device ( 38 ) can be designed, for example, as a controllable lifting device with lifting cylinders or the like.
  • The frame ( 8th ) according to 1 and 2 a stationary carrier mount ( 39 ) for the defined recording of the workpiece carrier ( 6 ) in the process position. The stationary support ( 39 ) has a defined receiving surface ( 40 ) and a positioning and fixing device ( 41 ) for the exact mounting of the workpiece carrier ( 6 ) in the process. The receiving surface ( 40 ) may be continuous or preferably interrupted. 1 and 2 show the process status. The lowered conveyor ( 7 ) is moved from the workpiece carrier ( 6 ) and in a suitable manner temporarily in the frame ( 8th ) housed.
  • The vaulting and relaxation device ( 9 ) of the manufacturing facility ( 2 ) is in 1 and 2 shown schematically. It has a pressure roller ( 44 ) with a means of transport ( 45 ), eg a carriage, along the workpiece carrier ( 6 ) can be moved in its process position. The means of transport ( 45 ) has a suitable controllable drive for this purpose. The pressure roller ( 44 ) may also have a controllable rotary drive, which is possibly matched with the carriage drive. In this case, the linear carriage movement can be synchronized with the rolling movement.
  • The pressure roller ( 44 ) can with an adjusting device ( 46 ), with which they in the normal direction to the receiving surface ( 29 ) of the workpiece carrier and to the layer arrangement constructed there ( 1 ) can be controlled and possibly also adjustable adjustable. With the adjusting device ( 46 ) can in particular the roller height relative to the workpiece carrier ( 6 ) and the receiving surface ( 29 ).
  • The adjusting device ( 46 ) has a sensor system ( 47 ), which for the controlled or controlled roller delivery the workpiece carrier ( 6 ) when Reference recorded and preferably scanned. The sensors ( 47 ) can be designed for this in any suitable manner, for example as the sensing roller shown on the surface of the workpiece carrier ( 6 ) in the area next to the actual support surface ( 29 ) for the layer arrangement ( 1 ) rests. The sensors ( 47 ) can alternatively work without contact.
  • The manufacturing facility ( 2 ), the above-mentioned mobile and relative to the workpiece carrier ( 6 ) and the layer arrangement ( 1 ) movable heating device ( 11 ) exhibit. This can movement with the driving movement of the pressure roller ( 44 ). You can have this for its own and preferably controllable means of transport. You can alternatively at the means of transport ( 45 ) of the pressure roller ( 44 ) or connected to this via a tow bar or the like. The heater ( 11 ) serves for local heating of the layer arrangement ( 1 ). It is suspended above the layer arrangement ( 1 ) and overlaps them. The heater ( 11 ) may be formed in a suitably suitable manner, for example as a layer arrangement ( 1 ) executed beam-like radiation heating, in particular as an infrared radiator.
  • The feeder mentioned at the beginning ( 5 ) can be designed as multiaxial movable, controllable handling device. Preferably, it is a multi-axis industrial robot ( 51 ), in particular as an articulated arm robot, and carries on the output member a gripping tool ( 52 ). In 1 is the robot ( 51 ) represented schematically and represented by a robot arm shown aborted.
  • As 1 and 2 clarify, the bulge and relaxation device for the positioning and support of the plate-like layer to be bent and relaxed ( 13 ) a height-adjustable holding device ( 48 ) at one layer edge and a positioning means ( 32 ), eg a stop, on the opposite layer edge. The height-adjustable holding device ( 48 ) and the positioning means ( 32 ) can be attached to the workpiece carrier ( 6 ) and / or on the frame ( 8th ) of the laminator ( 4 ) can be arranged. The vaulting and relaxation device ( 9 ) can also have a layer holder ( 49 ), eg a height-adjustable suction arrangement, on the stop-side layer edge. The height-adjustable holding device ( 48 ) can be designed in different ways, for example as a controlled extendible plunger or as a height-adjustable suction arrangement, which at the top or bottom of the plate-like layer ( 13 ) attacks.
  • In a preferred embodiment of the layer formation process, a workpiece carrier ( 6 ) and moved into the process or work position on the carrier mount ( 39 ) and positioned and fixed there. Subsequently, the light-reactive elements ( 14 ) individually, in the form of strings ( 18 ) or as a complete matrix ( 19 ) on the support surface ( 29 ) and held with suction pressure. The pad can be manually or by means of the feeder ( 5 ) happen automatically. The cross connectors ( 22 ) can already be installed or later mounted in the process flow and with the lines ( 20 ) get connected.
  • In the next step, the liquid or pasty compound ( 15 ) with the applicator ( 10 ) on the light-reactive elements ( 4 ) applied in a suitable distribution. Subsequently, the plate-like layer ( 13 ) manually or automatically by means of the feeder ( 5 ) and to the height-adjustable holding device ( 48 ) as well as the layer holder ( 49 ) to hand over. The layer holder ( 49 ) is lowered and places the associated layer end on the bonding compound ( 15 ) with simultaneous alignment on the positioning means ( 32 ). The plate-like layer ( 13 ) thereby receives a concave curvature, which is then relaxed, the layer ( 13 ) on the bonding compound ( 15 ) is expressed and rolled.
  • For relaxation, the pressure roller ( 44 ) according to 2 forward, where it is controlled or regulated delivered in height. The rolling engagement begins at the already deposited layer end, wherein the layer holder ( 49 ) is removed and the opposite initially extended holding device ( 48 ) is lowered according to the roll feed. In this controlled lowering and rolling movement of the plate-like layer ( 13 ) the compound mass ( 15 ) evenly distributed over the layer surface and also in the column ( 20 ), whereby in addition in possibly free spaces and in the connecting layer ( 15 ) gases, in particular air inclusions, are expelled. The vacuum device ( 12 ) is turned on in the relaxation and also sucks the gases located in the process area, in particular air pockets from. By pressing and rolling the plate-like layer ( 13 ) the light-active elements ( 14 ) bubble-free in the bonding compound ( 15 ) embedded. The bonding compound ( 15 ) may be translucent and especially transparent in this embodiment.
  • During the relaxation and the roll feed, the heating device ( 11 ) and the pressed layers ( 13 . 14 . 15 ) and the bonding compound ( 15 ) thermally solidify in a first step. In addition, at the one stop-side layer edge also the initially released tensioning device ( 33 ) through the Deactivation of the release device ( 43 ) are brought into clamping engagement and secure the layer composite.
  • With the layers ( 13 . 14 . 15 ), a base module is first constructed, which then with sufficient solidification of the layer composite manually or by the feeder ( 5 ) and with the plate-shaped layer ( 13 ) down on the support surface ( 29 ) and can be sucked in there. Subsequently, the application device ( 10 ) the further compound compound ( 17 ) on the layers ( 14 . 15 ) applied.
  • Then, in the next step, the top layer ( 16 ) applied. For this example, one of the pressure roller ( 44 ) associated layer feed ( 50 ), in particular Folienzufühung be provided, wherein the pressure roller ( 44 ) an integrated suction device for circumferentially holding the supplied from a winding supply cover layer or film ( 16 ) having. The cover layer ( 16 ) can also be applied in a rolling process. Alternatively, the cover layer ( 16 ) consist of a less biegeeastischen plate body and applied with the above-described buckling and relaxation process. The further connection layer ( 17 ) can also be used with the entrained heater ( 11 ) and thermally preconsolidated.
  • After completion of the layer arrangement ( 1 ) the tensioning devices arranged on both layer edges fall ( 33 ) and fix the layer arrangement ( 1 ) on the workpiece carrier ( 6 ). The conveyor ( 7 ) takes the released workpiece carrier ( 6 ) and transports it from the production facility ( 2 ) out. It can then be transported while maintaining the clamping engagement and possibly also the suction to a curing station in which the connecting layers ( 15 . 17 ) are suitably cured by light, radiation, heat or the like. In optionally subsequent processing steps trim work, a junction box assembly or the like. Other edits to the layer arrangement ( 1 ).
  • Variations of the embodiments shown and described are possible in various ways. The order of the construction steps in the formation of the Schichtanordung ( 1 ) may vary. Furthermore, structural modifications of the above-described machine and device components are possible. The edge seal ( 28 ), one or more exchangeable inserts ( 30 ), the adjusting device ( 46 ) for the pressure roller ( 44 ) and the movable and local heating device ( 11 ) could also be used in a manufacturing facility ( 2 ) are used with a stationary and designed as a table-shaped support workpiece carrier. The same applies to the clamping device ( 33 ). The other components of the manufacturing facility described above ( 2 ) may be the same in this modified embodiment.
  • Furthermore, the features of the above-described embodiments can be combined with each other in different ways and optionally also replaced.
  • LIST OF REFERENCE NUMBERS
  • 1
     Layer arrangement, solar module
    2
     Manufacturing facility, manufacturing station
    3
     manufacturing plant
    4
     laminator
    5
     Feeding device, handling device
    6
     Workpiece carrier
    7
     Conveyor
    8th
     frame
    9
     Curving and relaxation device
    10
     applicator
    11
     heater
    12
     vacuum equipment
    13
     Layer, carrier, glass plate
    14
     Layer, light-reactive element, solar element
    15
     Layer, bonding compound, silicone layer
    16
     Layer, cover layer, foil
    17
     Layer, bonding layer
    18
     string
    19
     matrix
    20
     Distance, gap
    21
     management
    22
     cross-connector
    23
     Corpus, plate
    24
     vacuum channel
    25
     suction opening
    26
     Connection of vacuum supply
    27
     shutter
    28
     poetry
    29
     bearing surface
    30
     Insert changeable
    31
     Receiving means, groove
    32
     Positioning means, stop
    33
     tensioning device
    34
     Stripper plate
    35
     Adjustment means, screw
    36
     Clamping device, spring
    37
     belt conveyors
    38
     lifting device
    39
     support receptacle
    40
     receiving surface
    41
     Positioning and fixing device
    42
     vacuum supply
    43
     release device
    44
     roller
    45
     Mode of Transport
    46
     setting device
    47
     Sensors, feeler roller
    48
     Holding device height adjustable
    49
     Layer holder, sucker
    50
     Layer feed, film feed
    51
     industrial robots
    52
     gripping tool
    53
     casing
  • QUOTES INCLUDE IN THE DESCRIPTION
  • This list of the documents listed by the applicant has been generated automatically and is included solely for the better information of the reader. The list is not part of the German patent or utility model application. The DPMA assumes no liability for any errors or omissions.
  • Cited patent literature
    • WO 2011/151430 A2 [0002, 0012, 0014, 0015]
    • DE 202010005555 U1 [0002]
    • EP 0755080 A2 [0003]
    • DE 102007038240 A1 [0004]

Claims (28)

  1. Manufacturing device for multilayered layer arrangements ( 1 ), in particular solar modules, with at least one light-reactive element ( 14 ), wherein the manufacturing device ( 2 ) a laminator ( 4 ) with a frame ( 8th ), a workpiece carrier ( 6 ), a vacuum device ( 12 ) and a vaulting and relaxation device ( 9 ) for a plate-shaped layer ( 13 ), characterized in that the workpiece carrier ( 6 ) is mobile.
  2. Manufacturing device according to claim 1, characterized in that the manufacturing device ( 2 ) a conveyor ( 7 ), in particular a belt conveyor ( 37 ), for transporting the mobile workpiece carrier ( 6 ) having.
  3. Manufacturing device according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the conveyor ( 7 ) a movement device ( 38 ), in particular a lifting device, for the movement of the workpiece carrier ( 6 ) between a transport position and a process position on the laminator ( 4 ) having.
  4. Manufacturing device according to claim 1, 2 or 3, characterized in that the frame ( 8th ) a stationary carrier receptacle ( 39 ) for the defined recording of the workpiece carrier ( 6 ) in the process position.
  5. Manufacturing device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the frame ( 8th ) a stationary carrier receptacle ( 39 ) with a defined receiving surface ( 40 ) and a positioning and fixing device ( 41 ) for the workpiece carrier ( 6 ) in the process position.
  6. Manufacturing device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the mobile workpiece carrier ( 6 ) a body ( 23 ) with one or more integrated vacuum channels ( 24 ), Suction openings ( 25 ) on the support surface ( 29 ) for the layer arrangement ( 1 ) and a connection ( 26 ) for an external vacuum supply ( 42 ) having.
  7. Manufacturing device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the mobile workpiece carrier ( 6 ) a self-retaining closure ( 27 ), in particular a check valve, for maintaining the vacuum during transport.
  8. Manufacturing device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that on the frame ( 8th ) a dockable vacuum supply ( 42 ) for the mobile workpiece carrier ( 6 ) is arranged.
  9. Manufacturing device according to the preamble of claim 1 or any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the workpiece carrier ( 6 ) an edge on the support surface ( 29 ), preferably circumferential seal ( 28 ) having.
  10. Manufacturing device according to the preamble of claim 1 or any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the workpiece carrier ( 6 ) a changeable insert ( 30 ) with a receiving means ( 31 ), in particular a groove, for transverse bands ( 22 ) of the layer arrangement ( 1 ) having.
  11. Manufacturing device according to claim 10, characterized in that the exchangeable insert ( 30 ) an integrated vacuum channel ( 24 ) and a seal ( 28 ) at the receiving means ( 31 ) having.
  12. Manufacturing device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the mobile workpiece carrier ( 6 ) a releasable tensioning device ( 33 ) for the layer arrangement ( 1 ) having.
  13. Manufacturing device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the clamping device ( 33 ) one on the layer arrangement ( 1 ) acting down ( 34 ) with an adjustment means ( 35 ) and a tensioning means ( 36 ) having.
  14. Manufacturing device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that on the laminator ( 4 ), in particular on the frame ( 8th ), a release device ( 43 ) for the clamping device (s) ( 33 ) of the mobile workpiece carrier ( 6 ) is arranged.
  15. Manufacturing device according to the preamble of claim 1 or any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the buckling and relaxation device ( 9 ) one along the workpiece carrier ( 6 ) and the layer arrangement ( 1 ) movable pressure roller ( 44 ) with an adjusting device ( 46 ) for controlling and optionally regulating the roller height with respect to the layer arrangement ( 1 ) having.
  16. Manufacturing device according to claim 15, characterized in that the adjusting device ( 46 ) one the workpiece carrier ( 6 ) scanning sensor technology ( 47 ), in particular a feeler roller.
  17. Manufacturing device according to the preamble of claim 1 or any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the manufacturing device ( 2 ) a mobile and relative to Workpiece carrier ( 6 ) and the layer arrangement ( 1 ) movable heating device ( 11 ) having.
  18. Manufacturing device according to claim 17, characterized in that the heating device ( 11 ) as floating and for layering ( 1 ) directed radiation heating is formed.
  19. Manufacturing device according to claim 17 or 18, characterized in that the heating device ( 11 ) with the driving movement of the pressure roller ( 44 ) is coupled.
  20. Manufacturing device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the workpiece carrier ( 6 ) consists of metal.
  21. Manufacturing device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the curvature and relaxation device ( 9 ) for the positioning and support of a plate-like layer to be bent and relaxed ( 13 ) a height-adjustable holding device ( 48 ) at one layer edge and a positioning means ( 32 ), in particular a stop, on the opposite layer edge.
  22. Manufacturing device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the height-adjustable holding device ( 48 ) and the positioning means ( 32 ) on the workpiece carrier ( 6 ) and / or on the frame ( 8th ) of the laminator ( 4 ) is / are arranged.
  23. Manufacturing device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the curvature and relaxation device ( 9 ) a separately movable or entrained applicator device ( 10 ) for a bonding compound ( 15 . 16 ) having.
  24. Manufacturing device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the curvature and relaxation device ( 9 ) a layer feed ( 50 ), in particular a film feed.
  25. Manufacturing device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the production device ( 2 ) a multi-axially movable feed device ( 5 ), in particular an industrial robot ( 51 ) with a gripping tool ( 52 ) for a plate-shaped layer ( 13 ) and / or for the layer arrangement ( 1 ) having.
  26. Manufacturing device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the production device ( 2 ) a surrounding housing ( 53 ) with a lock for the passage of the mobile workpiece carrier ( 6 ) and the clamped layer arrangement ( 1 ) having.
  27. Production plant with a production facility ( 2 ) for multilayer layer arrangements ( 1 ), in particular solar modules, with at least one light-reactive element ( 14 ), wherein the manufacturing device ( 2 ) a laminator ( 4 ) with a frame ( 8th ), a workpiece carrier ( 6 ), a vacuum device ( 12 ) and a vaulting and relaxation device ( 9 ) for a plate-shaped layer ( 13 ), characterized in that the manufacturing device ( 2 ) is formed according to at least one of claims 1 to 26.
  28. Production plant according to claim 27, characterized in that the production device ( 2 ) a curing station for the layer arrangement ( 1 ) is connected downstream.
DE202013102624.7U 2013-06-18 2013-06-18 manufacturing facility Active DE202013102624U1 (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105500885A (en) * 2016-01-07 2016-04-20 上海银磊冷暖设备有限公司 Multi-layer circulating production line for polyurethane sandwich panels
EP3556477A1 (en) * 2018-04-17 2019-10-23 HOMAG GmbH Device for applying an adhesive
EP3556556A1 (en) * 2018-04-17 2019-10-23 HOMAG GmbH Coating device
EP3556476A1 (en) * 2018-04-17 2019-10-23 HOMAG GmbH Device for applying an adhesive agent and method

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0755080A2 (en) 1995-07-19 1997-01-22 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha A semiconductor device and a process for the production thereof
DE102007038240A1 (en) 2007-08-13 2009-02-26 Institut für Kunststofftechnologie und -recycling eV Solar module i.e. photovoltaic module, producing method for generating electricity, involves coating flowable plastic on rear side of solar cells, and hardening inner plastic layer under thermal effect after applying inner protective cover
DE202010005555U1 (en) 2010-06-02 2011-10-05 Kuka Systems Gmbh Solar module and manufacturing facility
WO2011151430A2 (en) 2010-06-02 2011-12-08 Kuka Systems Gmbh Production device and method

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP5925127B2 (en) * 2010-11-22 2016-05-25 デンカ株式会社 Flat plate bonding jig and manufacturing method of flat plate laminate

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0755080A2 (en) 1995-07-19 1997-01-22 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha A semiconductor device and a process for the production thereof
DE102007038240A1 (en) 2007-08-13 2009-02-26 Institut für Kunststofftechnologie und -recycling eV Solar module i.e. photovoltaic module, producing method for generating electricity, involves coating flowable plastic on rear side of solar cells, and hardening inner plastic layer under thermal effect after applying inner protective cover
DE202010005555U1 (en) 2010-06-02 2011-10-05 Kuka Systems Gmbh Solar module and manufacturing facility
WO2011151430A2 (en) 2010-06-02 2011-12-08 Kuka Systems Gmbh Production device and method

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105500885A (en) * 2016-01-07 2016-04-20 上海银磊冷暖设备有限公司 Multi-layer circulating production line for polyurethane sandwich panels
EP3556477A1 (en) * 2018-04-17 2019-10-23 HOMAG GmbH Device for applying an adhesive
EP3556556A1 (en) * 2018-04-17 2019-10-23 HOMAG GmbH Coating device
EP3556476A1 (en) * 2018-04-17 2019-10-23 HOMAG GmbH Device for applying an adhesive agent and method

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