DE202012010199U1 - Multi-part mouthpiece for a wind instrument for differentiated pressure measurement - Google Patents

Multi-part mouthpiece for a wind instrument for differentiated pressure measurement Download PDF

Info

Publication number
DE202012010199U1
DE202012010199U1 DE202012010199U DE202012010199U DE202012010199U1 DE 202012010199 U1 DE202012010199 U1 DE 202012010199U1 DE 202012010199 U DE202012010199 U DE 202012010199U DE 202012010199 U DE202012010199 U DE 202012010199U DE 202012010199 U1 DE202012010199 U1 DE 202012010199U1
Authority
DE
Germany
Prior art keywords
mouthpiece
kettle
edge
pressure
lip
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
DE202012010199U
Other languages
German (de)
Original Assignee
Michael Koch
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE102011108772 priority Critical
Priority to DE102011108772.2 priority
Priority to DE102012008053A priority patent/DE102012008053A1/en
Priority to DE102012008053.0 priority
Application filed by Michael Koch filed Critical Michael Koch
Priority to DE202012010199U priority patent/DE202012010199U1/en
Publication of DE202012010199U1 publication Critical patent/DE202012010199U1/en
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; AEOLIAN HARPS; SINGING-FLAME MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D9/00Details of, or accessories for, wind musical instruments
    • G10D9/02Mouthpieces; Reeds; Ligatures
    • G10D9/03Cupped mouthpieces

Abstract

Multi-part mouthpiece (1) for differentiated pressure measurement for a wind instrument (2), comprising - a mouthpiece kettle (3a), - a mouthpiece rim (4), and - a mouthpiece stem (3b), characterized in that mouthpiece bowl (3a), mouthpiece rim (3a) 4) and mouthpiece shank (3b) are detachably interconnectable parts, with either - mouthpiece bowl (3a) and mouthpiece rim (4), or - mouthpiece bowl (3a) and mouthpiece shank (3b), or both mouthpiece bowl (3a) and mouthpiece rim (4) ) and mouthpiece (3a) and mouthpiece (3b) by a flexible connecting element (6) made of an elastic and airtight material are movably connected to each other, wherein between the respective movably connected mouthpiece parts (3a, 3b, 4) due to the elasticity of a flexible element constructed of a flexible and airtight material (6) under the application pressure of the upper lip or the application pressure of the lower lip i n with respect to the longitudinal axis of the mouthpiece (1) a tilting movement is executable.

Description

  • The invention relates to a mouthpiece for differentiated approach pressure measurement for a wind instrument, in particular for a brass instrument, wherein the mouthpiece is constructed in several parts and includes a mouthpiece edge, a mouthpiece kettle and a mouthpiece.
  • The pressure acting on the mouthpiece of a wind instrument from the lips of the fan is called the neck pressure. At high tones, or at higher volume, the neck pressure is increased. However, even experienced players find it not always easy to find the right approach pressure for a particular pitch and volume.
  • The application pressure is effected both from the upper lip and from the lower lip, whereby the weighting of both partial pressures can be variable. For a good approach and a stable pitch, it can be of great importance whether the horn player can produce the neck pressure more intensely over the upper lip or more intensely over the lower lip. If, for example, the upper lip is loaded too heavily in comparison with the lower lip, this may mean that, even in the lower and middle pitches, due to the excessive pressure, only insufficient airflow will result in a poor sound quality and insufficient pitch.
  • For certain pieces of music, it may be necessary for an excessively long time to have an unusually high application pressure when blowing, with the application pressure ideally being controlled by the fan. The same applies to an unusually low application pressure. The controlled use of upper and lower lip is of particular importance.
  • Conventional mouthpieces are usually built in one piece and have a mouthpiece kettle with mouthpiece shank, the mouthpiece kettle mouth side rigid, d. H. not movable, connected to a mouthpiece edge. In the case of a two-piece construction, the mouthpiece rim can be connected to the mouthpiece kettle by means of a thread, which in this case too is a rigid, d. H. non-movable connection between mouthpiece edge and mouthpiece kettle.
  • In three-piece construction of a conventional mouthpiece and the mouthpiece shaft is also releasably connected to the mouthpiece kettle, which in this case is a rigid, d. H. non-mobile connection.
  • On the instrument side, the mouthpiece bowl of a conventional mouthpiece has a tubular opening which can be inserted into the wind instrument.
  • In the known multi-part mouthpieces, the individual components are releasably connected to each other by threads. The threaded connection results in a rigid connection of the components of the mouthpiece. This type of connection results in a mouthpiece whose components can be made of different materials, but which is unchanged in its function compared to a one-piece mouthpiece made of a uniform material.
  • Furthermore, from the prior art multi-part mouthpieces whose parts are movably connected, known. The direction of movement of the movably interconnected parts is limited to the longitudinal axis of the mouthpiece.
  • document DE 92944 A discloses a multi-piece mouthpiece having a sleeve portion which forms the mouthpiece rim and surrounds the mouthpiece shaft in a sleeve-like manner. The movement of the sleeve part takes place in the direction of the longitudinal axis of the mouthpiece under the counter-pressure of a spring.
  • document GB 2 388 240 A discloses a mouthpiece whose mouthpiece rim is not planar but has a concave shape. Also, in the document GB 2 388 240 A disclosed on an existing mouthpiece subsequently aufklemmbarer mouthpiece edge also concave shape.
  • document GB 441561 A discloses a multi-part mouthpiece in which the mouthpiece edge part is sleeve-like pushed onto the mouthpiece kettle, wherein the sleeve part is movable against the pressure of a compression spring in the direction of the longitudinal axis of the mouthpiece.
  • document US 1,003,578 A discloses a mouthpiece intended to facilitate the generation of low and high notes for the player. The mouthpiece has in the region lying between the mouthpiece edge and mouthpiece kettle a movable against the force of a compression spring in the longitudinal direction of the mouthpiece ring.
  • document DE 1 019 147 A discloses a mouthpiece with a compression spring ring and a pressable insert, wherein the volume of the mouthpiece kettle is variable with increasing pressure. In this case, the displacement of the pressable part at a vertical pressure on the boiler, ie in the direction of the longitudinal axis of the mouthpiece, causes a cross-sectional change of the mouthpiece soul.
  • document DE 7210711 U discloses a multi-part mouthpiece with unscrewable mouthpiece edge and with interchangeable boiler and bud part, wherein the mouthpiece tube is screwed into the mouthpiece head in the direction of the mouthpiece axis. It is provided that the mouthpiece in the mouthpiece head against the pressure of a spring axially, ie in the direction of the longitudinal direction of the mouthpiece, is displaceable.
  • document US 2009/0038463 A1 discloses a one-piece mouthpiece, at the mouthpiece edge of which a detector is arranged. The detector is connected to a vibration generating device. This generates vibrations depending on the vibration of the player's lips, which act on the air flow inside the instrument. A differentiated approach-pressure measurement, ie the distinction between the approach to the lower lip and the upper lip of the starting pressure, with the in US 2009/0038463 A1 disclosed wind instrument not possible.
  • document US 3,339,444 discloses a mouthpiece for correcting the lip configuration. The mouthpiece is one or more parts, the parts are rigidly connected in each case. The edge portion described as "artificial lip" itself can be made of a deformable material, such. As rubber, exist. The mobility of the components belonging to the mouthpiece perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the mouthpiece, ie in the form of a tilting movement, is not provided.
  • document US 1,469,583 discloses a wind instrument with a measuring device for measuring the total neck pressure. The measuring device, in which a one-piece mouthpiece is inserted, is movable against the pressure of a compression spring in the longitudinal direction of the wind instrument. The movement of the mouthpiece against the pressure of the compression spring is indicated to the player by a display lying in the field of view.
  • From the prior art further control devices and display devices for brass instruments are known, which are used in conjunction with conventional mouthpieces.
  • From document DE 9101854.9 a mouthpiece control device is known, which consists of a telescopically collapsible spring pressure housing and is attachable to a brass instrument. The mouthpiece used in conjunction with the control device corresponds in construction to a conventional one-piece mouthpiece with a mouthpiece kettle, which is connected on the mouth side rigidly with a circular mouthpiece edge. The total pressure on the mouthpiece of both lips, ie the lower lip and upper lip, is displayed by means of a mechanical indicator. Due to the integral nature of the mouthpiece used in connection with the control device, it is only possible to control the total application pressure, ie the sum of the partial pressures emanating from the upper lip and lower lip.
  • document DE 10 2007 006 330 A1 discloses a magnetic attachment used in conjunction with a conventional mouthpiece for brass instruments. The attachment consists of a sleeve, a piston with magnets and a screw plug. The sleeve is inserted into the wind instrument, the piston can accommodate a separate mouthpiece of any kind. If a nominal pressure set point is exceeded, the magnets will jerk and the air column in the instrument will break off as a result. The interruption distorts the sound, forcing the fan to re-apply with a more appropriate neck pressure.
  • The mouthpiece used in conjunction with the magnetic attachment corresponds in structure to a conventional one-piece mouthpiece with a mouthpiece kettle, the mouth side rigid, d. H. not movable, connected to a circular mouthpiece edge.
  • Due to the integral nature of the mouthpiece used in conjunction with the attachment, the attachment serves merely to control the entire batch pressure, i. H. the sum of the top pressures from the upper lip and the lower lip.
  • In addition, due to the jerky crash of the air column in the instrument, if the pressure exerted by the lips of the fan on the mouthpiece exceeds the set limit, the attachment disadvantageously does not allow continuous control of the batch pressure.
  • Against this background, the object of the invention is to provide a mouthpiece which allows the player to feel and / or indicates to the player during the game whether the neck pressure originating from the upper lip is appropriate in relation to the neck pressure originating from the lower lip.
  • In particular, the object of the invention is to provide a mouthpiece which makes distinguishable from the top lip starting pressure against the starting from the lower lip neck pressure and optionally the measurement and the display of the neck pressure separately for upper lip and lower lip (differentiated approach pressure measurement) while playing a brass instrument allows.
  • The change in partial neck pressures, ie the two neck pressures originating from the upper lip and from the lower lip, should be continuously displayed without the air column breaking off when a certain neck pressure is exceeded, so that the mouthpiece is not only a learning aid for learners but also can be used as a tool to optimize the game by experienced players.
  • The object is achieved by a mouthpiece for a wind instrument according to claim 1, wherein the mouthpiece in its most general form has a two-part construction or a three-part structure.
  • In two part construction, either
    • - Mundstückschaft and mouthpiece kettle movably connected to each other, ie mouthpiece kettle and mouthpiece edge are rigidly connected together in this first alternative (Alternative 1), or
    • - Mouthpiece edge and mouthpiece kettle movably connected together, ie mouthpiece kettle and mouthpiece stem are rigidly connected together in this second alternative (Alternative 2).
  • With three-piece construction, both
    • - Mouthpiece and mouthpiece kettle and mouthpiece kettle and mouthpiece shaft movably connected to each other, ie the three components of the mouthpiece are in this third alternative (Alternative 3) connected in two places with each other movable.
  • A compound is "movable" in the context of the invention, when the two movably interconnected parts of the mouthpiece after making the connection with respect to the longitudinal axis of the composite mouthpiece initially form a uniform longitudinal axis, said movably interconnected mouthpiece parts due to the elasticity of a flexible and also airtight material constructed connecting element, under the contact pressure (neck pressure) of the upper lip, or the contact pressure (neck pressure) of the lower lip, with respect to the longitudinal axis of the mouthpiece can perform a tilting movement. If such a tilting movement occurs during the game, the player learns that he has played in this moment with a too much from the upper lip outgoing, or with an excessively outgoing from the lower lip approach pressure.
  • A connection is "rigid" within the meaning of the invention, when the two rigidly interconnected parts of the mouthpiece after preparation of the compound with respect to the longitudinal axis of the composite mouthpiece can not be tilted. A rigid connection between two mouthpiece parts can nevertheless be solvable. A detachable rigid connection between two mouthpiece parts is made for example by means of threaded connection, wherein one of the mouthpiece parts has an external thread and the other mouthpiece part has an internal thread of corresponding size.
  • The essence of the invention is to provide a multi-part mouthpiece, wherein at least two of the components of the mouthpiece are not rigidly connected, but movably connected, so that a player playing with unbalanced neck pressure due to the tilting movement can independently feel the necessary correction of the neck pressure. In addition to independently correcting the neck pressure, the multipart mouthpiece comprising at least two movably interconnected components, one or more pressure sensors have, which detect deviations of the neck pressure and are connected to the optical readability of the deviations with an electronic display. Several pressure sensors allow, on the one hand, the display of an unbalanced batch pressure and, on the other hand, the increase or decrease in the total batch pressure, which is composed of the sum of the starting pressures emanating from the upper lip and from the lower lip.
  • In a preferred embodiment of the mouthpiece, the mouthpiece kettle and mouthpiece stem are movably interconnected by a flexible connecting member made of an elastic and airtight material, while the mouthpiece rim and mouthpiece bowls are rigidly connected to each other, or are integral. This preferred embodiment with two-part construction corresponds to alternative 1. In this embodiment (alternative 1), the correction effect is stronger for the player than for alternative 2 because the section consisting of the mouthpiece rim and mouthpiece kettle forms a longer lever arm than in alternative 2.
  • It is within the scope of the invention that two mouthpieces initially movably connected together by the subsequent attachment of a rigid sleeve, which surrounds the connecting element of the flexible material on the outside, temporarily or permanently connected rigidly together. The advantage of a rigid sleeve mounted only temporarily in the region of the flexible connecting element is that the player does not have to remove the connecting element that produces the movable connection, and can at least temporarily convert this mouthpiece into a rigid mouthpiece. The attachment of the rigid sleeve for fixing the first movably connected mouthpiece components causes such Mouthpiece in its playing characteristics is essentially similar to a one-piece mouthpiece.
  • The existing of a non-flexible material rigid sleeve with a total cylindrical shape, for example, consist of two, semi-circular in cross-section, sleeves, the two halves z. B. by a mechanical locking mechanism or in any other way are connected to each other and so on the outside, or the lateral surface, of the flexible connecting element to be fixed.
  • Another aspect of the invention relates to the use of at least one pressure sensor in conjunction with a mouthpiece that is connectable to each brass instrument, so that a differentiated approach pressure measurement is possible, wherein the player the result of the approach pressure measurement is displayed during the game and / or on a storage medium is stored for later analysis of the history of necking pressure in connection with the analysis of the score material.
  • In a particularly preferred embodiment of the mouthpiece having a pressure sensor, the mouthpiece kettle and the mouthpiece stem are used for separate detection of the mouthpiece
    • - the upper lip or
    • - the lower lip
    In addition, the mouthpiece additionally comprises at least one pressure sensor, wherein the pressure sensor, which is integrated in the mouthpiece or its components, or is releasably connected to the mouthpiece or its components, is arranged so that a tilting movements of the mouthpiece kettle or the mouthpiece stem with respect to the longitudinal axis of the mouthpiece.
  • In a further preferred embodiment, the mouthpiece is also constructed in two parts, consisting of mouthpiece kettle, which is firmly connected to the mouthpiece edge, and mouthpiece shaft as a second component. This mouthpiece additionally has at least one pressure sensor for separate detection of the neck pressure emanating from the upper lip and / or the lower lip. The pressure sensor is, or the pressure sensors are permanently integrated into the mouthpiece or its components or are detachably connected to the mouthpiece or its components. The case that the pressure of the upper lip and lower lip is detected is when a beginner plays too high pressure.
  • The mouthpiece intended for a wind instrument basically consists of a mouthpiece kettle, mouthpiece stem and mouthpiece rim.
  • For the purposes of the invention, the wind instrument is preferably a brass instrument, woodwind instruments not being excluded from the scope of the invention.
  • With regard to the location of the arrangement of the pressure sensor, or the pressure sensors, the mouthpiece or its components a variety of possibilities and variants is conceivable. In the case of multi-part mouthpieces, the sensors can be arranged either between the mouthpiece rim and mouthpiece bowl or between the mouthpiece bowl and mouthpiece shank.
  • Also in view of the nature of the arrangement of the pressure sensors a variety of possibilities and variants is conceivable.
  • On the one hand, a permanent integration of the pressure sensor, or the pressure sensors, provided in the mouthpiece or its components. In this case, a permanent, d. H. firm connection between the pressure sensor and the mouthpiece or its components preferred. In this case, the pressure sensor, or the pressure sensors, in the mouthpiece or its components, d. H. either in the mouthpiece rim or in the mouthpiece kettle, or both partly in the mouthpiece rim and partly in the mouthpiece kettle, firmly integrated. (The same applies to the mouthpiece stem if the sensors are located between the mouthpiece bowl and mouthpiece stem).
  • On the other hand, a detachable connection between the pressure sensor, or the pressure sensors, is provided. In this case, the pressure sensor, or the pressure sensors, on the mouthpiece ( 1 ) or on its components, ie either on the mouthpiece edge or on the mouthpiece kettle, or both partially on the mouthpiece edge and partly on the mouthpiece kettle, detachably arranged.
  • One possible form of permanent connection between pressure sensors and mouthpiece is that recesses are incorporated in the region of the mouthpiece edge which comes into contact with the lips, the depressions being variable in shape and depth. In general, the depressions in shape and depth are each dimensioned so that they can receive a pressure sensor and the top of the arranged in the recess pressure sensor and with the lips in contact region of the mouthpiece edge lie in a plane. The pressure sensors are, z. B. by gluing, firmly connected to the surfaces which form the inner surface of the recess. On the top side, the recess after insertion of the sensor by a restflexible adhesive or non-residual flexible adhesive. In the case of concluding top-side closure by a residual-flexible adhesive, it is conceivable that the pressure sensors are initially inserted into the indentations without additional fixing. The recesses may be incorporated by milling, drilling, grinding or other forms of machining in the material of the mouthpiece or its components, in particular in the mouthpiece edge.
  • In another possible form of permanent connection between pressure sensors and mouthpiece is provided that the mouthpiece has a multi-part, namely two-part, construction. In this case, the mouthpiece edge is separated from the mouthpiece kettle in an initially one-piece mouthpiece. Before the mouthpiece edge and the mouthpiece kettle are connected again by an elastic connecting element, the pressure sensor (s) is arranged in the area between the mouthpiece edge and the mouthpiece kettle. (The same applies to the mouthpiece stem if the sensors are located between the mouthpiece bowl and mouthpiece stem).
  • One possible form of the detachable arrangement may, for. Example, be that the pressure sensor, or the pressure sensors, are directly connected by gluing on the coming into contact with the lips portion of the mouthpiece edge, without that said area previously by any machining, is changed.
  • In a preferred embodiment, the mouthpiece has a multi-part construction comprising a mouthpiece bowl with mouthpiece stem, a mouthpiece rim and a flexible connecting element made of an elastic and also airtight material, wherein the mouthpiece edge is movably connected to the mouthpiece kettle by the connecting element and at least one pressure sensor and / or at least one movement indicator is arranged in each case such that a movement of the mouthpiece edge caused by the application pressure of the upper lip or of the lower lip, relative to the mouthpiece vessel, is separated, d. H. differentiated, demonstrable. Mouthpiece edge and mouthpiece kettle thus form together with the flexible connecting element a contiguous and airtight space outside.
  • The arrangement of pressure sensors between mouthpiece edge and mouthpiece kettle, in comparison to the arrangement of the pressure sensors between mouthpiece edge and mouthpiece shaft, advantageous for reasons of space. Nevertheless, even in a three-piece mouthpiece, or in a two-piece mouthpiece, the mouthpiece kettle and mouthpiece stem are initially present separately to be movably connected in a subsequent step in the sense of the aforementioned embodiment, conceivable that at least one pressure sensor and / or at least one movement indicator is arranged between the mouthpiece kettle and mouthpiece stem such that movement of the mouthpiece bowl caused by neck pressure of the upper lip or neck pressure of the lower lip is separated relative to the mouthpiece stem; d. H. differentiated, demonstrable. In this case, too, the die kettle and mouthpiece stem, together with the flexible connecting element located between the die kettle and the mouthpiece stem, form a coherent and outwardly airtight space.
  • The connecting element, which connects the respective components of the mouthpiece with each other such that the mouthpiece edge is movable relative to the mouthpiece bowl or mouthpiece shank relative to the mouthpiece bowl, is flexible due to the elasticity of its material. In addition to the material properties of the connecting element whose design, d. H. its length, its diameter and wall thickness, the mobility of the interconnected components firmly.
  • The term "flexibility" generally refers to the property of flexible materials. A definable with regard to the elasticity of a material material constant is z. B. the modulus of elasticity. The elasticity is the property of a body or material to change its shape under the action of force and to return to the original form when the acting force ceases, as is the case, for example, with a spring.
  • A pressure sensor in the sense of the invention is an electrical pressure measuring device that can transform the physical variable pressure into an electrical output variable as a measure of pressure and is suitable for measuring a stationary pressure, a pressure difference and / or a pressure fluctuation.
  • A movement indicator in the sense of the invention can, in contrast to an electronic pressure sensor, be a purely mechanical device, wherein no electrical current is required for the functioning of this device. It is conceivable z. As the attachment of a thin rod on the side facing away from the lips of the fan end face of the mouthpiece edge, wherein the rod is guided obliquely upward in the direction of the fan. An increase in pressure from the upper lip causes the tip of the rod to tilt slightly downwards. This tilting movement of the motion indicator or parts of it Can be easily perceived by the eyes of the player without changing the line of vision.
  • In a further preferred embodiment, it is provided that the flexible connecting element, which is arranged between the mouthpiece edge and the mouthpiece kettle and the two said elements movably interconnected, has the shape of an annular disc.
  • The outer diameter of this annular disc corresponds approximately to the outer diameter of the mouthpiece edge while its inner diameter corresponds approximately to the inner diameter of the mouthpiece edge. Due to these dimensions, the connecting element, which connects the end face of the mouthpiece vessel with the end face of the likewise circular mouthpiece edge, forms an extension of the mouthpiece bowl, which is circular in cross-section.
  • The length corresponding to the distance between the mouthpiece edge and the mouthpiece kettle, or height, of the flexible annular connecting element is variable. The wall thickness of the connecting element is variable. The variability of the design of the flexible connector allows the pressure sensors and / or the motion indicators to be completely or at least partially surrounded by the flexible material of the connector. A complete or at least partial inclusion of the pressure sensors in the elastic material is advantageous because it protects the sensors.
  • For reasons of sound quality and also for reasons of hygiene, the connecting element is in any case designed so that the pressure sensors are shielded from the air flow in the interior of the wind instrument by the elastic material of the connecting element and do not protrude into the interior of the mouthpiece. The shield causes an ideally smooth surface of the mouthpiece in the interior, so that there are no unwanted air vortex generated.
  • In another alternative preferred embodiment, it is contemplated that the flexible connector that movably connects the mouthpiece rim to the mouthpiece bowl is not an annular but a tubular portion extending from the mouthpiece rim to the mouthpiece bowl. Compared to the above-described annular connecting element, the tubular connecting element is characterized by its greater length, or height, ie. H. in a mouthpiece with a tubular connecting element, z. B. mouthpiece edge and the front side of the mouthpiece boiler at a greater distance from each other. The tubular portion may consist of a prefabricated already cured elastic material, which is flexible and after its deformation, for. B. by bending relative to its longitudinal axis, returns to its original orientation. In this alternative, an already cured elastic material with a circular cross-section can preferably be used.
  • As the material for the elastic tubular connecting element are all the skilled person for such, or a similar purpose, suitable elastic plastics in question. Particularly suitable as the material for the tubular connecting element are thermoplastic materials. This material would also be suitable for making a mouthpiece made entirely of plastic, d. H. in which not only the tubular connecting element but also the mouthpiece kettle, including the mouthpiece stem, and the mouthpiece rim are made of plastic. However, the latter components of a one-piece mouthpiece, i. H. the mouthpiece rim and / or the mouthpiece kettle, including mouthpiece stem, also of a less elastic plastic, e.g. B. of a thermoset, exist.
  • A one-piece, at least partially elastic, mouthpiece could, for. B. by using a corresponding manufacturing form, already made in one piece. Alternatively, a one-piece mouthpiece could be retrofitted from a prefabricated mouthpiece kettle made of a thermoplastic or thermoset, so rather rigid plastic and a prefabricated tubular connecting element preferably made of an elastic plastic and a prefabricated mouthpiece edge, in turn of a thermoplastic or thermosetting plastic exists to be manufactured.
  • The distance between the mouthpiece edge and mouthpiece kettle can in the aforementioned alternative, d. H. Mouthpiece with elastic tubular connector, also be larger. In any case, the distance between the opposite end faces of the mouthpiece rim and the mouthpiece vessel is at least such that the pressure sensors and / or movement indicators can be arranged in the region lying between the opposite end faces of the mouthpiece rim and the mouthpiece.
  • It is also conceivable that the connecting element, the mouthpiece edge and mouthpiece kettle connects, is dimensioned in its length significantly larger than is necessary for the arrangement of the pressure sensors and / or the movement indicators. By varying the length of the connecting element, the flexibility of the connecting element can be influenced become. At the same time can be created by the variation of the length of the connecting element more space for the attachment of pressure sensors and / or movement indicators. In particular, the attachment of motion indicators may require a larger space. This is especially true when the movement indicators are of a mechanical nature and the movement made by the mouthpiece edge under the action of neck pressure is indicated directly or mechanically, ie without the use of electronic elements.
  • In a particularly preferred embodiment it is provided that in addition to the flexible connecting element made of an elastic material, additional mechanical connecting elements are arranged between the mouthpiece edge and the mouthpiece kettle.
  • The additional mechanical fasteners provide additional stabilization of the connection between the mouthpiece rim and mouthpiece bowl and are preferably located in the region between the opposite end faces of the mouthpiece rim and the mouthpiece bowl.
  • As a stabilization of the compound is not only a directed at train and pressure stabilization of the connection between mouthpiece edge and mouthpiece kettle, but already improved leadership of the tilting movement, the mouthpiece edge under the contact pressure (neck pressure) of the upper lip, or the lower lip, relative to the mouthpiece kettle.
  • The additional mechanical fasteners may be used either in combination with a rather elongated tubular fastener made from an already cured material or in combination with a rather less elongated fastener made from a material that has not yet been cured.
  • The mechanical connecting elements, which are arranged in the region of the front side of the mouthpiece edge or in the region of the front side of the mouthpiece kettle, in addition to the elastic connecting element, can be designed in the most various ways known to the person skilled in the art.
  • Conceivable is the execution of the mechanical fasteners as hinge elements, each with two-part construction. In this case, one part of the hinge is located at the mouthpiece edge while the other part of the hinge is attached to the mouthpiece kettle.
  • If the elastic connecting element, the mouthpiece edge and mouthpiece kettle connects as an annular portion consists of a first not yet cured material, it is envisaged that the additional mechanical fasteners, as in 2 shown when two tilting bearings are executed. The tilting bearings are formed in this particular case essentially by two hump-like elevations, or elevations, which are arranged either on the front side of the mouthpiece edge or on the front side of the mouthpiece kettle, and improved guidance of the tilting movement, the mouthpiece edge under the contact pressure (neck pressure ) of the upper lip or lower lip relative to the mouthpiece kettle.
  • It is conceivable that the ends of the elevations on the respective opposite end face, d. H. the end face of the cauldron, if the projections are arranged on the mouthpiece edge, protrude for improved guidance in correspondingly shaped recesses. The depressions correspond in shape to the end portions of the elevations and have in the respective tilting direction additional space, which allows the tilting movement of the mouthpiece edge relative to the mouthpiece kettle. Of course, there is also a mirror-image arrangement of the elevations and depressions, d. H. the arrangement of the elevations on the front edge of the mouthpiece kettle and the arrangement of the recesses on the front edge of the mouthpiece edge, in the context of the invention.
  • The elevations serve as tilting bearings and at the same time stabilize the connection between the mouthpiece edge and the mouthpiece kettle, if the connecting element consists of a particularly elastic or soft material. At the same time, the ridges mounted on the mouthpiece rim or on the mouthpiece kettle serve as spacers which can prevent the unwanted simultaneous activation of the top and bottom pressure sensors if the player as a whole plays with a far too large neck pressure.
  • The serves as tilt bearings increases, which are arranged between mouthpiece edge and mouthpiece boiler, may consist of different materials. It is conceivable that the elevations, not made of metal or a hard plastic, but also made of an elastic material, the elasticity of this material is significantly lower than the elasticity of the material which forms the connecting element otherwise.
  • Variable is also the shape of the serves as tilt bearings increases. Very particular preference is tilting bearings, which have a ball head on top. It is envisaged that each two Ball head tilt bearings are arranged on the front side of the mouthpiece edge or on the mouthpiece edge facing the front side of the mouthpiece kettle. In the event that the ball-and-tilt bearings are arranged on the mouthpiece edge facing the mouthpiece edge, it is provided that the end face of the mouthpiece edge recesses, which are shaped so that these recesses can receive the ball heads, so that the ball heads and the complementary to these shaped recesses each form a plug connection. Thus, the ball-end tilting bearings in this preferred embodiment perform two functions. On the one hand they serve as joints, which allow the tilting movement of the mouthpiece edge relative to the mouthpiece kettle with centrally constant spacing of mouthpiece rim and mouthpiece kettle, and on the other hand they form pluggable connecting elements, a detachable connection which is comparable to a push button.
  • The location of attachment of the additional mechanical fasteners on the mouthpiece rim, or on the mouthpiece bowl, as well as their number and type is essentially dependent on the tilting movement that is to make the mouthpiece rim relative to the mouthpiece rim.
  • In a particularly preferred embodiment, it is provided that in each case two mechanical connecting elements which connect the mouthpiece edge with the mouthpiece kettle, are arranged in the region of the front side of the mouthpiece edge or the front side of the mouthpiece kettle so that the two mechanical on the round of the mouthpiece edge, or. the on the round of the mouthpiece kettle, arranged connecting elements at mutually maximum lateral spacing face each other and at the same time lie on a line extending in the horizontal direction. In this case, the frontal area of the mouthpiece edge would be divided by the horizontal line into two equal halves.
  • It comes above the horizontal line substantially the upper lip to the approach and below the horizontal line is essentially the lower lip to the neck, so that the mouthpiece edge under the changing approach pressure of the upper and lower lip can perform a tilting movement, the mechanical fasteners the central Determine the distance between the mouthpiece edge and the mouthpiece bowl and the tilting axis for the tilting movement mentioned. The pressure sensors are arranged above or below said tilt axis, d. H. the pressure sensors are arranged in the upper region of the mouthpiece edge and / or in the lower region of the circular mouthpiece edge, preferably in the upper end region of the mouthpiece edge and / or in the lower end region of the circular mouthpiece edge.
  • In an alternative, particularly preferred embodiment, it is provided that in each case two mechanical connecting elements which connect the mouthpiece edge to the mouthpiece kettle are arranged in the region of the front side of the mouthpiece rim or the front side of the mouthpiece vessel so that the two mechanical elements on the round of the mouthpiece rim, or ., which are arranged on the edge of the mouthpiece kettle, arranged on a horizontal line in the horizontal direction, but are not arranged with maximum lateral distance from each other. In this case, the horizontal line divides the frontal area of the mouthpiece edge not into two equal halves, but in a larger and smaller area. If the connecting elements are arranged below the middle, this arrangement takes into account the fact that the starting pressure from the lower lip tends to be greater. With the arrangement of the connecting elements below the center, the lever effect emanating from the movable lower mouth piece edge becomes smaller. In contrast, the lever in the upper region of the mouthpiece edge, d. H. in the area in which the application pressure of the upper lip acts, longer. Thus, in this alternative very particularly preferred embodiment, a balance between the two different application pressures (lower lip vs. upper lip) can be produced by the non-central positioning of the tilting elements.
  • In a further particularly preferred embodiment, it is provided that the surveys serving as tilting bearings identify the top of the shape of a ball head. The ball head, which is arranged either in the region of the front side of the mouthpiece rim or in the region of the front side of the mouthpiece kettle, is inserted in a recess corresponding to the shape of the ball head, which has been previously produced in the region of the front side of the mouthpiece bowl or in the region of the front side of the mouthpiece rim , In this way, the ball head and depression each cause a connection between the mouthpiece edge and mouthpiece kettle.
  • Most preferred are pressure sensors whose measuring range is in the pressure range of 10 g to 10 kg. This pressure range is well beyond the pressure range that can be generated by an adult with both lips. The load which can be generated by the upper and lower lips of an adult can, when measuring this load, lie on a flat surface in the range from 1 g to 2.6 kg, in particular in the range from 200 g to 2.0 kg.
  • So-called FSR sensors with a measuring range of 10 g to 10 kg have proved suitable. The abbreviation FSR results from the first letters of the compound English term "force sensitive resistor". Particularly suitable is a pressure sensor with the type designation FSR-400, available from Conrad Electronic, Hirschau, Germany. Also suitable are the FSR sensors offered by Tekscan, Boston, MA, USA.
  • For the inventive use of said sensor is provided that the pressure-sensitive portion of the sensor leading away ports can be shortened so far that they do not protrude beyond the outside of the mouthpiece after installation of the sensor, or are visible.
  • It is also possible to use piezoresistive pressure sensors whose measuring range is also in the pressure range from 1 g to 2.6 kg, in particular in the pressure range from 200 g to 2.0 kg.
  • In a preferred mouthpiece two sensors are provided for pressure decrease, in the simplest case, even only one sensor is sufficient to solve the problem. When two sensors are used, one sensor is arranged in the area of the upper half of the mouthpiece and the second sensor is arranged in the region of the lower half of the mouthpiece. Ideally, the two sensors arranged between the opposite end faces of the mouthpiece edge and the mouthpiece kettle come to lie at those points where the upper lip or the lower lip exerts the greatest application pressure. In the normal position of the wind instrument, this means that the pressure sensors are at maximum spacing from each other, on a vertical line dividing the circular mouthpiece edge into left and right halves.
  • Of course, it is conceivable that a total of more than two pressure sensors are arranged between the opposite end faces of mouthpiece edge and mouthpiece kettle. For example, in the region of the upper half of the mouthpiece and in the region of the lower half of the mouthpiece, two pressure sensors in each case, ie. H. a total of four pressure sensors, be arranged. Due to the four pressure sensors further differentiation of the batch pressure measurement is possible. Thus, it is not only possible to differentiate between the starting pressure emanating from the upper lip or from the lower lip, but it can also be determined whether the starting pressure originating from the upper or lower lip is aligned in the direction of the longitudinal axis of the wind instrument. Deviation of the desired orientation may occur, for example, when the player's arms and hands are cramping and this obliquely holds the instrument in the sequence. When using a plurality of pressure sensors there is thus the advantage that the player, in addition to the differentiated display of the approach pressure, during the game additional information concerning the attitude of the instrument are displayed.
  • For the differentiated indication of the starting from the upper lip neck pressure, or from the bottom lip outgoing approach pressure (differentiated approach pressure gauge) come all of the possibilities known to those skilled in question. The approach pressure gauge can be done with electronic means, for. B. with the aid of several bulbs, wherein the individual bulbs have different colors. The colors of the bulbs are coded, d. H. For example, the color red signals the player that the pressure is too high, while the color green indicates a reasonable pressure. Particularly suitable bulbs for the mouthpiece according to the invention are light-emitting diodes (LEDs), because they can be operated with a comparatively low voltage and are available in a wide color spectrum.
  • The approach pressure display can alternatively be done using a small monitor. Also, a computer equipped with programs for analyzing and modulating the sound quality of music can be used as an electronic means for the approach pressure display.
  • The electronic means for differentiated approach pressure display can be located directly on the wind instrument in the field of view of the player. This arrangement is preferred if the neck pressure gauge is to be used during a public music lecture.
  • Alternative it is conceivable that the electronic approach pressure indicator are used in the presence of a corresponding cable connection (circuit) between the mouthpiece and approach pressure gauge separated from the wind instrument. The separate arrangement may be useful in regular practice or recording the sound of the music lecture.
  • The respective electrical requirements for the connection of the pressure sensors to the respective electronic approach pressure indicator are known in the art.
  • The differentiated display of the starting from the upper lip neck pressure, or from the bottom lip outgoing approach pressure (differentiated approach pressure gauge) also allows the comparison of the two approach pressures. The separate analysis of the two batch pressures can be done by means of appropriate electronic means, such as the use of a potentiometer.
  • As elastic material for the flexible connecting element are in principle all elastic and at the same time airtight materials.
  • Particularly preferred are elastic plastics or plastic mixtures, rubber or rubber compound, silicone, or silicone mixtures and airtight foams. For reasons of health, food-safe and harmless materials are used.
  • As a particularly suitable elastic material, the known under the trade name Loctite sealant and adhesive has been found.
  • By varying the length of the annular connecting element, or of the tubular connecting element of a flexible material, the flexibility of the connecting element can be additionally influenced. This also applies to the variation of the wall thickness of the connecting element.
  • If a tubular section is used as the connecting element, a section of a tube of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is particularly suitable as a flexible material. Also suitable are fasteners made of silicone, polyamide (PA) or polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) and comparable plastics.
  • In addition to the elasticity of the material itself determines its wall thickness in each case to what extent too high pressure application leads to a tilting movement. The wall thickness of the material is variable. Preferably, the wall thickness of the circular cross-section connecting elements in the range of 1 mm to 8 mm. Particularly preferably, the wall thickness of the circular cross-section connecting elements in the range of 2 mm to 4 mm.
  • In a three-piece mouthpiece (Alternative 3), whose components are connected by two connecting elements made of flexible material, it is provided that the same or different materials used as connecting elements, or combined, are.
  • The mouthpiece according to the invention is suitable for independent of the starting from the upper lip approach pressure, d. H. to measure separately from the neck pressure originating from the lower lip. The use of a mouthpiece according to the invention in connection with a wind instrument for the separate, d. H. Differentiated, approach pressure measurement when playing a wind instrument, especially when playing a brass instrument, is therefore also within the scope of the invention.
  • Of course, the mouthpiece according to the invention is equally suitable for initial equipment or for retrofitting a wind instrument. The compatibility of the mouthpiece according to the invention with various wind instruments is ensured because the instrument-side portion of the mouthpiece, which makes the connection with the mouthpiece, is the same as in a conventional mouthpiece. Accordingly, the essence of the invention also includes a wind instrument, in particular a brass instrument, which, characterized in that the wind instrument is connected to one of the mouthpieces according to the invention.
  • EXAMPLES
  • The following, in the 1 to 6 Examples shown are intended to illustrate the invention without limiting the general principle underlying the invention.
  • 1 shows the mouthpiece 1 pointing to a wind instrument 2 is plugged from the side. In the area between the mouthpiece kettle 3 and the mouthpiece rim 4 are the two pressure sensors 5a and 5b arranged. The sensors are arranged in the region of the upper and the lower half of the mouthpiece edge so that the upper pressure sensor 5a indicates the force originating from the application pressure of the upper lip, or the pressure emanating from the upper lip, and the lower pressure sensor 5b indicating the starting pressure of the lower lip outgoing force, or outgoing from the lower lip pressure.
  • If the neck pressure originating from the upper lip is greater than the starting pressure exerted by the lower lip, the elastic material allows the connection element shown to be made 6a and in that the sensors 5a . 5b at the in 1 example shown are at least partially embedded, a tilting movement of the mouthpiece edge 4 in the upper area in the direction of the mouthpiece kettle 3 , This tilting movement detects the upper sensor 5a and shows the measured pressure on the display 10 at. A tilting movement in the lower half by the pressure sensor 5b On the other hand, it is detected when the neck pressure originating from the lower lip is stronger than the neck pressure originating from the upper lip.
  • 2 shows a mouthpiece that has a variation of the in 1 is shown mouthpiece. This in 2 shown mouthpiece 1 points in the between the mouthpiece edge 4 and the mouthpiece kettle 3 lying area additionally serving as a tilting camp-like elevations / surveys 7a and 7b on, which are arranged in the area of the front side left and right. Due to the lateral representation is in 2 only the survey 7a to see. The elevations serve, in addition to the flexible connecting element 6 , as mechanical fasteners and have a hinge-like effect when the Mouthpiece edge 4 under the pressure of the upper or lower lip, in the direction of the mouthpiece kettle 3 is inclined. The elevations / elevations 7a and 7b can be made of different materials. It is conceivable that the increases / elevations 7a and 7b also be made of an elastic material, the elasticity of this material is significantly lower than the elasticity of the material, which the connecting element 6 incidentally forms. In addition, the elevations on the top side different, preferably wedge-shaped and most preferably spherical (in 2 not shown).
  • Advantageously, the tilting bearings are used 7a and 7b also a lighter adjustment of the mouthpiece edge 4 while the elastic connection between the mouthpiece edge 4 and the mouthpiece kettle 3 is prepared, for. B. until the elastic material from which the connecting element 6 is cured. At the same time, the mouthpiece edge 4 or at the mouthpiece kettle 3 mounted tilting bearings 7a . 7b serve as spacers, which the possibly unwanted activation of both pressure sensors 5 , ie the upper pressure sensor 5a and the lower pressure sensor 5b Prevent, if a Spielanfänger overall plays with too much approach pressure.
  • 3 shows an alternative embodiment of the mouthpiece 1 , In this alternative, the connecting element consists 6 from a rather elongated tubular section 6b a material with elastic, ie flexible, properties. Mouthpiece edge 4 and mouthpiece kettle 3 are each at a portion of its inner side with a corresponding portion of the outer side of the tubular connecting element 6b connected. The length of the tubular connecting element 6b and the wall thickness and also the material of the tubular connecting element 6b determine the flexibility, ie the mobility of the mouthpiece edge 4 relative to the mouthpiece kettle 3 ,
  • The pressure sensors can z. B. between the spaced end faces of mouthpiece kettle 3 and mouthpiece rim 4 be arranged. It is conceivable that in the in 3 Example shown for more stable attachment of the pressure sensors respectively in the edge region of mouthpiece kettle 3 and mouthpiece rim 4 flange-like devices are arranged.
  • The distance between the mouthpiece edge 4 and the mouthpiece kettle 3 is also determined by the space required for the arrangement of the pressure sensors (in 3 not shown) or the movement indicator 8th , the one with the adjusting needle 9 cooperates, is required.
  • The movement indicator 8th Tilts down when the neck pressure from the upper lip is a forward tilting movement of the upper mouthpiece rim 4a causes. Recognition of the tilting movement is made easier for the player when the tip of the movement indicator 8th on the top of the adjusting needle 9 is directed.
  • In the in 3 example shown replaces the motion indicator 8th and the adjusting needle 9 an electronic display 10 that of the pressure sensors 5 indicates recorded starting pressure. Of course, the combined use of a movement indicator 8th and an electronic display 10 conceivable.
  • 4 shows a cross section through a further alternative embodiment of the mouthpiece 1 , In this alternative, the mouthpiece edge 4 by an additional fastening means, for. As a threaded screw or a rivet, with the mouthpiece kettle 3 connected. The connecting element 6 from the flexible material has the profile of a dovetail in cross-section and is due to said profiling in between the edge of the mouthpiece kettle 3 and the edge of the mouthpiece rim 4 trapped gap formed. In the example shown, the pressure sensor 5b , which detects the neck pressure of the lower lip, in the below the connecting element 6 formed gap between mouthpiece edge 4 and mouthpiece kettle 3 arranged. The upper pressure sensor which detects the application pressure of the upper lip 5a is arranged analogously in the upper mouthpiece half. The flexibility of the mouthpiece edge 4 relative to the mouthpiece kettle 3 is ensured by the design of the opening provided for receiving the fastener opening in the mouthpiece edge 4 as a slot, that is provided for receiving the fastener opening in the mouthpiece edge 4 is not circular, but has a more oval cross section, wherein the longitudinal axis of the oval is parallel to the longitudinal axis of the mouthpiece.
  • 5 shows a two-piece mouthpiece 1 , at the mouthpiece kettle 3a and mouthpiece stem 3b Both are made of metal, are present as separate parts. The mouthpiece edge 4 is in the example shown firmly with the mouthpiece kettle 3a connected. The two parts mouthpiece kettle 3a and mouthpiece stem 3b are through a connecting element 6 made of a flexible airtight material. The connecting element 6 is in the example shown on shaft-like projections, each fixed or by means of thread, with the mutually facing end portions of mouthpiece kettle 3a and mouthpiece stem 3b are connected. The connecting element 6 consists of a tubular section, the inner diameter of each of which Outer diameter of mouthpiece and mouthpiece kettle corresponds. Because of this connection are mouthpiece cauldrons 3a and mouthpiece stem 3b with respect to the longitudinal axis of the mouthpiece 1 movably connected, ie the mouthpiece kettle 3a can with respect to the mouthpiece stem 3b whose longitudinal axis coincides with the longitudinal axis of the mouthpiece 1 coincides, perform a tilting movement. Such a tilting movement can, for. B. triggered by too high pressure application of the upper lip.
  • 6 shows a two-piece mouthpiece 1 In the construction of the mouthpiece 5 matches, with the mouthpiece 1 out 6 additionally a pressure sensor 5 having. The pressure sensor 5 is through a pressure sensor holder 11 with the help of a cuff 12 attached to the shaft. Here is the pressure sensor 5 arranged so that a kinking of the mouthpiece kettle 3a , triggered by a tilting movement of the mouthpiece kettle 3a with respect to the longitudinal axis of the mouthpiece 1 , to activate the pressure sensor 5 leads.
  • It is also conceivable that the cuff 12 Carrier of several pressure sensor holders 11 is. If z. B. two pressure sensors 5 are provided by the cuff 12 fixed pressure sensors 5 , arranged so that the two for the educational use of the mouthpiece 1 essential tilting movements are detected. The first for the educational use of the mouthpiece 1 significant tilting movement, is the upward tilting movement, which is caused by an excessive contact pressure (neck pressure) of the upper lip. The second for the educational use of the mouthpiece 1 significant tilting movement, is the downward tilting movement, which is caused by a too high contact pressure (neck pressure) of the lower lip. It is also conceivable that in the in 6 shown mouthpiece 1 more than two print sponsors 5 are arranged, wherein two of the pressure sensors 5 are arranged as described in the previous paragraph, and the additional pressure sensors 5 are arranged so that this also lateral tilting movements of the mouthpiece kettle 3a with respect to the longitudinal axis of the mouthpiece 1 detect.
  • The pressure sensor holder 11 consists of a rod-shaped element with a cuff 12 on a section of the mouthpiece shaft 3b is attached. The rod-shaped element is dimensioned in its length so that it over the elastic connecting element 6 extends. At one end of the rod-shaped element is the pressure sensor 5a arranged. At the opposite end, the rod-shaped element is connected to the sleeve. The cuff is used to attach the pressure sensor holder 11 on the mouthpiece shaft 3b , After attaching the pressure sensor holder 11 on the mouthpiece shaft 3b comes the pressure sensor 5 , as in 5 shown at the level of the lateral surface of the mouthpiece kettle 3a to lie, but is spaced in the basic position of this. The distance in the basic position is chosen so that only slight and thus tolerable tilting movements of the mouthpiece kettle 3a with respect to the longitudinal axis of the mouthpiece 1 can not be detected. The spacing of the pressure sensor 5 , or the pressure sensors 5 , from the outer surface of the mouthpiece kettle 3a thus determines the tolerance with which the differentiated approach pressure measurement takes place.
  • LIST OF REFERENCE NUMBERS
  • 1
    mouthpiece
    2
    Wind instrument
    3
    Mouthpiece kettle with mouthpiece stem
    3a
    Mouthpiece boiler
    3b
    Mouthpiece shaft
    4
    Mouthpiece edge
    4a
    upper mouthpiece edge
    4b
    lower mouthpiece edge
    5
    pressure sensors
    5a
    Pressure sensor in the area of the upper lip
    5b
    Pressure sensor in the area of the lower lip
    6
    Connecting element made of flexible material
    6a
    Ring disc as a connecting element
    6b
    Tubular section as a connecting element
    7
    Mechanical connection element
    7a
    Tipping bearing / elevation at the front of the mouthpiece edge
    7b
    Tipping bearing / elevation at the front of the mouthpiece rim
    8th
    movement indicator
    9
    adjusting pin
    10
    display
    11
    Pressure sensor holder
    12
    cuff
  • QUOTES INCLUDE IN THE DESCRIPTION
  • This list of the documents listed by the applicant has been generated automatically and is included solely for the better information of the reader. The list is not part of the German patent or utility model application. The DPMA assumes no liability for any errors or omissions.
  • Cited patent literature
    • DE 92944A [0010]
    • GB 2388240A [0011, 0011]
    • GB 441561 A [0012]
    • US Pat. No. 1003578 A [0013]
    • DE 1019147 A [0014]
    • DE 7210711 U [0015]
    • US 2009/0038463 A1 [0016, 0016]
    • US 3339444 [0017]
    • US 1469583 [0018]
    • DE 9101854 [0020]
    • DE 102007006330 A1 [0021]

Claims (14)

  1. Multi-part mouthpiece ( 1 ) for differentiated pressure measurement for a wind instrument ( 2 ) - a mouthpiece kettle ( 3a ), - a mouthpiece edge ( 4 ), and - a mouthpiece stem ( 3b ), characterized in that mouthpiece kettle ( 3a ), Mouthpiece edge ( 4 ) and mouthpiece ( 3b ) are releasably connectable parts, wherein either - mouthpiece kettle ( 3a ) and mouthpiece edge ( 4 ), or - mouthpiece kettle ( 3a ) and mouthpiece ( 3b ), or both - mouthpiece kettle ( 3a ) and mouthpiece edge ( 4 ) as well as mouthpiece kettle ( 3a ) and mouthpiece ( 3b ) by a flexible connecting element ( 6 ) are movably connected to one another from an elastic and airtight material, wherein between the respectively movably connected mouthpiece parts ( 3a . 3b . 4 ) due to the elasticity of the connecting element made of a flexible and airtight material ( 6 ) under the application pressure of the upper lip or the neck pressure of the lower lip with respect to the longitudinal axis of the mouthpiece ( 1 ) a tilting movement is executable.
  2. Mouthpiece ( 1 ) for a wind instrument ( 2 ) according to claim 1, characterized in that mouthpiece kettle ( 3a ) and mouthpiece ( 3b ) by a flexible connecting element ( 6 ) are made of an elastic and airtight material, wherein Mundstückkessel ( 3a ) and mouthpiece edge ( 4 ) are rigidly connected.
  3. Mouthpiece ( 1 ) for a wind instrument ( 2 ) according to claim 2, characterized in that mouthpiece kettle ( 3a ) and mouthpiece ( 3b ) for separately detecting the - of the upper lip or - the lower lip outgoing neck pressure additionally at least one pressure sensor ( 5 ), wherein the pressure sensor ( 5 ) - in the mouthpiece ( 1 ) or its components are integrated, or detachable with the mouthpiece ( 1 ) or its components is connected, arranged so that - a tilting movement of the mouthpiece kettle ( 3a ) or a tilting movement of the mouthpiece ( 3b ) with respect to the longitudinal axis of the mouthpiece ( 1 ) through the sensor ( 5 ) are displayed as a change in the batch pressure.
  4. Mouthpiece ( 1 ) for a wind instrument ( 2 ) according to claim 1, characterized in that the mouthpiece ( 1 ) for separately detecting the - of the upper lip or - the lower lip outgoing neck pressure additionally at least one pressure sensor ( 5 ), wherein the pressure sensor ( 5 ) - in the mouthpiece ( 1 ) or its components are integrated, or - detachable with the mouthpiece ( 1 ) or its components is connected.
  5. Mouthpiece ( 1 ) for a wind instrument ( 2 ) according to claim 4, characterized in that the mouthpiece ( 1 ) has a multi-part construction, which - a mouthpiece kettle ( 3a ) with mouthpiece stem ( 3b ), - a mouthpiece edge ( 4 ) and - a flexible connecting element ( 6 ) of an elastic and airtight material, wherein - the mouthpiece edge ( 4 ) through the connecting element ( 6 ) movable with the mouthpiece kettle ( 3a ), and - at least one pressure sensor ( 5 ) and / or at least one movement indicator ( 8th ) is arranged in each case such that a movement of the mouthpiece edge caused by the application pressure - the upper lip or - the lower lip ( 4 ), relative to the mouthpiece kettle ( 3a ), separately detectable.
  6. Mouthpiece ( 1 ) for a wind instrument ( 2 ) according to one of claims 4 or 5, characterized in that the consisting of an elastic and airtight material flexible connecting element ( 6 ) located between the mouthpiece edge ( 4 ) and the mouthpiece kettle ( 3a ) is arranged, the shape of an annular disc ( 6a ), whose - outer diameter of the outer diameter of the mouthpiece edge ( 4 ) and their - inner diameter of the inner diameter of the mouthpiece edge ( 4 ), wherein - the distance between the mouthpiece edge ( 4 ) and the mouthpiece kettle ( 3a ) corresponding length of the connecting element ( 6 ) is variable, and - the pressure sensors ( 5 ), and / or the movement indicators ( 8th ) completely or at least partially of the flexible material of the connecting element ( 6a ) are surrounded.
  7. Mouthpiece ( 1 ) for a wind instrument ( 2 ) according to one of claims 4 to 6, characterized in that the consisting of an elastic and airtight material flexible connecting element ( 6 ), which the mouthpiece edge ( 4 ) with the mouthpiece kettle ( 3a ) and at the same time spaced, a tubular section ( 6b ), which extends from the mouthpiece edge ( 4 ), to the mouthpiece kettle ( 3a ), wherein - the distance between the opposite end faces of the mouthpiece edge ( 4 ) and the mouthpiece kettle ( 3a ) - is dimensioned at least so that in the area between the mutually facing end faces of mouthpiece edge ( 4 ) and mouthpiece kettle ( 3a ), Pressure sensors ( 5 ) and / or movement indicators ( 8th ) can be arranged, or - is significantly larger.
  8. Mouthpiece ( 1 ) for a wind instrument ( 2 ) according to one of claims 4 to 7, characterized in that between the mouthpiece edge ( 4 ) and the mouthpiece kettle ( 3a ), next to the flexible connecting element ( 6 ), additional mechanical fasteners ( 7 ) are arranged.
  9. Mouthpiece ( 1 ) for a wind instrument ( 2 ) according to claim 8, characterized in that as additional mechanical connecting elements ( 7 ), in the region of the front side of the mouthpiece edge ( 4 ) or in the area of the mouthpiece bowl ( 3a ) each two - hinge elements, or - surveys serving as tilting bearings ( 7a . 7b ) are arranged.
  10. Mouthpiece ( 1 ) for a wind instrument ( 2 ) according to claim 9, characterized in that the additional mechanical connecting elements ( 7a . 7b ), which the mouthpiece edge ( 4 ) with the mouthpiece kettle ( 3a ), - two on the front of the mouthpiece edge ( 4 ) surveys with maximum lateral spacing ( 7a . 7b ) lying on a line running in a horizontal direction.
  11. Mouthpiece ( 1 ) for a wind instrument ( 2 ) according to one of claims 9 and 10, characterized in that the surveys serving as tilting bearings ( 7a . 7b ) have the shape of a ball head at the top, wherein either - in the region of the end face of the mouthpiece edge ( 4 ), or - in the area of the front side of the mouthpiece kettle ( 3a ) is received by a ball of the shape and size of the ball corresponding recess, which - in the region of the front side of the mouthpiece kettle ( 3a ), or - in the region of the front side of the mouthpiece edge ( 4 ), so that ball head and recess each have a connection between mouthpiece edge ( 4 ) and mouthpiece kettle ( 3a ) cause.
  12. Mouthpiece ( 1 ) for a wind instrument ( 2 ) according to one of claims 3 to 11, characterized in that the pressure sensors ( 5 ) two electronic pressure sensors ( 5a . 5b ), which are in the upper region of the mouthpiece edge ( 4 ) and in the lower part of the mouthpiece edge ( 4 ) are arranged at maximum mutual spacing to each other, and - lie on a line extending in the vertical direction.
  13. Mouthpiece ( 1 ) for a wind instrument ( 2 ) according to claim 2, characterized in that the, or the, pressure sensors ( 5 ) electronic pressure sensors ( 5a . 5b ), wherein - the pressure sensors ( 5a . 5b ) each at a pressure sensor holder ( 11 ) with a rod-shaped element whose length corresponds to the length of the flexible connecting element ( 6 ) or longer than the flexible connecting element ( 6 ), and - the pressure sensor holder ( 11 ) on the outside of the mouthpiece stem ( 3b ) or at the mouthpiece kettle ( 3a ) is releasably attached.
  14. Mouthpiece ( 1 ) for a wind instrument ( 2 ) according to one of claims 1 to 13, characterized in that the flexible connecting element ( 6 ), or the flexible connecting elements ( 6a . 6b ), - an elastic plastic, - a rubber, - a silicone mixture, or - an airtight foam.
DE202012010199U 2011-07-28 2012-07-25 Multi-part mouthpiece for a wind instrument for differentiated pressure measurement Expired - Lifetime DE202012010199U1 (en)

Priority Applications (5)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE102011108772 2011-07-28
DE102011108772.2 2011-07-28
DE102012008053A DE102012008053A1 (en) 2011-07-28 2012-04-21 Multi-part mouthpiece for a wind instrument for differentiated pressure measurement
DE102012008053.0 2012-04-21
DE202012010199U DE202012010199U1 (en) 2011-07-28 2012-07-25 Multi-part mouthpiece for a wind instrument for differentiated pressure measurement

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
DE202012010199U DE202012010199U1 (en) 2011-07-28 2012-07-25 Multi-part mouthpiece for a wind instrument for differentiated pressure measurement

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
DE202012010199U1 true DE202012010199U1 (en) 2013-01-25

Family

ID=47503169

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
DE102012008053A Withdrawn DE102012008053A1 (en) 2011-07-28 2012-04-21 Multi-part mouthpiece for a wind instrument for differentiated pressure measurement
DE202012010199U Expired - Lifetime DE202012010199U1 (en) 2011-07-28 2012-07-25 Multi-part mouthpiece for a wind instrument for differentiated pressure measurement

Family Applications Before (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
DE102012008053A Withdrawn DE102012008053A1 (en) 2011-07-28 2012-04-21 Multi-part mouthpiece for a wind instrument for differentiated pressure measurement

Country Status (2)

Country Link
DE (2) DE102012008053A1 (en)
WO (1) WO2013013660A1 (en)

Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE92944C (en)
US1003578A (en) 1911-01-05 1911-09-19 Ralph Bailey Mouthpiece for horns.
US1469583A (en) 1921-12-02 1923-10-02 Charles R Campbell Lip-pressure-correcting device for wind instruments
GB441561A (en) 1934-08-01 1936-01-22 Fred Woolley Mouth-piece for brass-band and like wind instruments
DE1019147B (en) 1955-05-18 1957-11-07 Karl Eduard Schatz Mouthpiece for Brass
US3339444A (en) 1966-01-07 1967-09-05 Jerry R Brooks Trumpet embouchure
DE7210711U (en) 1972-03-21 1972-06-22 Nipken R Mouthpiece for brass instruments
DE9101874U1 (en) 1990-03-30 1991-08-08 Walch, Nikolaus, 1000 Berlin, De
GB2388240A (en) 2002-05-01 2003-11-05 Anthony George Barrett Mouthpiece with inclined rim
DE102007006330A1 (en) 2007-02-08 2008-08-14 Robert Bosch Gmbh Method and apparatus for laser welding
US20090038463A1 (en) 2007-02-09 2009-02-12 Yamaha Corporation Playing device

Family Cites Families (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1556729A (en) * 1923-03-17 1925-10-13 Sidney S Smith Adjustable mouthpiece
US2258312A (en) * 1940-08-14 1941-10-07 Adkins Rick Mouthpiece
DE4432694A1 (en) * 1994-09-14 1996-03-21 Markus Kosfelder Fundamental frequency determination method for brass wind instruments

Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE92944C (en)
US1003578A (en) 1911-01-05 1911-09-19 Ralph Bailey Mouthpiece for horns.
US1469583A (en) 1921-12-02 1923-10-02 Charles R Campbell Lip-pressure-correcting device for wind instruments
GB441561A (en) 1934-08-01 1936-01-22 Fred Woolley Mouth-piece for brass-band and like wind instruments
DE1019147B (en) 1955-05-18 1957-11-07 Karl Eduard Schatz Mouthpiece for Brass
US3339444A (en) 1966-01-07 1967-09-05 Jerry R Brooks Trumpet embouchure
DE7210711U (en) 1972-03-21 1972-06-22 Nipken R Mouthpiece for brass instruments
DE9101874U1 (en) 1990-03-30 1991-08-08 Walch, Nikolaus, 1000 Berlin, De
GB2388240A (en) 2002-05-01 2003-11-05 Anthony George Barrett Mouthpiece with inclined rim
DE102007006330A1 (en) 2007-02-08 2008-08-14 Robert Bosch Gmbh Method and apparatus for laser welding
US20090038463A1 (en) 2007-02-09 2009-02-12 Yamaha Corporation Playing device

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
DE102012008053A8 (en) 2013-03-14
WO2013013660A1 (en) 2013-01-31
DE102012008053A1 (en) 2013-01-31

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CA2938684C (en) Grip and internal weight system for a golf club having a stopper within the grip
CN101732837B (en) Pull type golf club head
USD550799S1 (en) Golf club head
USD496704S1 (en) Golf club head
USD475107S1 (en) Portion of a golf club head
US8118693B2 (en) Practice bat
US7468483B2 (en) Electronic percussion instrument and displacement detection apparatus
US7338374B2 (en) Adjustable tension analog stick for a video game pad
US20070225085A1 (en) Golf putter
US7667130B2 (en) Percussion detecting apparatus and electronic percussion instrument
US20100331103A1 (en) Golf club head
US20050070368A1 (en) Mini-face blade putter
EP2719347B1 (en) Instrument for assembling a polyaxial bone anchor
USD519860S1 (en) Sensor housing
US6709403B1 (en) Manometer CO2 detector combination
USD467970S1 (en) Writing instrument
KR101566146B1 (en) Masticatory muscle exerciser
JP6782767B2 (en) Toothbrush orientation determination system
JP3109501U (en) Golf club head with adjustable weight
US20070238550A1 (en) Putter head
JP5345763B2 (en) Golf putter
US7452366B2 (en) Safety lancet device
JP4507266B1 (en) Weight grip structure and golf club
US8328730B2 (en) Living body measurement apparatus
US6811499B1 (en) Golf tee structure with adjustable height

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
R207 Utility model specification

Effective date: 20130321

R153 Extension of term of protection rescinded
R150 Term of protection extended to 6 years
R150 Term of protection extended to 6 years
R153 Extension of term of protection rescinded
R156 Lapse of ip right after 3 years